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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 26, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKtS ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Aetodetgd fitg and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copyt INSIDE WASHINGTON Retired Navy Officers May Soon Be Rack in Civvies By HELEN ESSARY Central Press Columnist Wathincton Civilian tailors should be sharpening their shears Civilian tailors will be needing to cut deep into tweeds and herring bone twills before spring has wan dered into summer and fall For several thousand gentlemen will shortly be out of uniform and back in toe commonplace gar ments of everyday citizens The Navy has requested Its officers who were brought out of retire ment into active service during the past few years to return once Jnore to retirement By Jan 1 I94S all of these adaptable fel lows mustbe far from Navy of fices and commands This movement is part of the Navys rehabilitation program The posts now filled by the once retired and temporarilyassigned officers will be filled by veterans cf the present war It is the Navy plan and probably the Army plan too though Ive not looked into the Army situation thus to give its warstricken men opportunity to come back in a normal en vironment whenever possible Too long bospitalization physi cians now agree is bad for the mental and physical health ot men who have been fighting This is particularly true of men who lutve suffered battle neuroses These last cases recover more quicHy if surrounded by familiar work sday associations than when they are treated as cases Shattered nerves heal quickly if they are Irtven the encouragement of every day routine and not overspecial ized treatment When the veterans are assigned o light jobs they will naturally be helped over the difficult spots they meet by fellow workers eager to be of some assistance Splendid plan this 16 begin the adjustment now Is much wiser than to wait until the war is over Now all machinery Is working on a big scale Offices need large staffs The place for the veteran is already made r f Before long I imagine officers a or the Naval Reserve will be re turned to civilian life again It would seem to me that now is the time for this change Many of reserve officers left excellent civilian jobs for Pretty fine of them For most of these men are jivell over the draft age and need not have gone into the service at personal and fi nancial sacrifice Note from the Philippines Jungle Division The Filipinos are putting on wonderful shows for the United States troops You couldnt find a better dance band in the States than we had here last night We had a Sinatra too He was bet ter than ours We bad everything from Benny Goodman Jazz to hillbilly songs plus 2 alerts Almost better than the band in the Filipino laundry service get the stuff back in 24 hours Picked up and delivered uJthout a thought to us Not so is laundry service in the capital of the mostuseful nation on earth Its Washington that is the backwoods in many cases Had a discouraging talk with my butcher I pass it on You might as well be discouraged too My butcher says the reason for tne meat shortage is this The government is taking 60 per cent of the packing house products Likewise 60 per cent of chickens turkeys and such This means that he man who is running a meat market is licked before he starts My butcher shook a gloomy 55 l siehed intense sigh Oh dear what are we coming to And all those filet mignons in Canada And in Santa DomingoI hear thetenderloin is so delicate you dont have to use a knife on it It falls apart jucily with the touch of a fork Oh well give me some of that old dead fish If there ever was anything more dispiriting than a dead fish I don t know what it is just Report Mussolini Trying to Cross Switzerland Border Benito Mussolini fleeing before an Italian partisan army is believed to be trying to enter Switzerland reports from the Swiss frontier said Thursday These advices said that the par tisans had demanded the uncon ditional surrender of all forces in Mussolinis neofascist republic in northern Italy after liberating Milan Genoa and Turin Mussolini fled Milan in dis guise Wednesday and with the former fascist secretary Roberto reached the border said said The 2 men were ami to hava taken shelter in the bomb shattered Como monastery Boy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy MASON Cljy IOWA THURSDAY APRIL 26 1945 Tills Paper Consists of Two STETTIN FALLS TO REDS BRITISH CAPTURE BREMEN 3RD ARMY PUSH Report Itdion Patriots NCADC lillUIPU Mberdte MilanGenoa NEARS MUNICH Turin Verona in Uprising BATTLING IN HIOTRIAM I I U f Rome general unrisme of Italian vac STETTIMUS OPENS CONPERENCESecretary of State Edward Stettinius opens the Prllw f wHS conteren in San Francisco Wednesday with Ws introduction of President Harry S Trumans radio address AP wtrephoto Kayenay engraving Russian Demand for 3 Votes Goes to Session SPONSORS AGREE ON COMMITTEE 11 Nations May Form Security Council Wednesdays gala opening in the Opera house after an address by President Truman and speeches of welcome by Governor Earl Warren of California and Mayor Roger D Lapham of San Fran cisco Mr Truman speaking by radio from Washington told the hushed thousands in the Ope ta house We stil have a choice between the continuation of international chaos or the establishment of a world organization for the en forcement of peace He declared differences between nations would always remain and if held within reasonable limits such disagreements are actually wholesome EYLER HEADS ROTARY H Eyler has been elected to succeed Harry Summers as president of the Clarion Ro tary club Other officers are George Kirstein vice president C D Jacobson secretarytreas urer equality among nations Thursday goes before the first business ses sion of the united nations confer ence Word of this plan ended hopes of some United States delegates that Russia might not raise the troublesome 3 vote issue Foreign Commissar Molotov no tifiedthe chief delegates of the 45other united nations here after Wednesdays first meeting that the proposal would be presented to the organization session of the steering committee Thursday The specific proposal is that the Ukrainian and White Russian soviet republics should get con ference seats and become thereby charter members of the assembly of the proposed world organiza tion Two other top developments ushered the conference into its second day after delegates heard President Truman declare that the worlds future is a choice between chaos and the organized enforce ment of peace They were 1 It was reported that Molotov had received a reply from Pre mier Marshal Stalin to his report on talks with Secretary of State Stettinius and British Foreign Minister Eden on the big 3 dead lock over Poland The reply ap parently had not been communi cated to either Stettinius or Eden 2 The sponsoring powers agreed on a conference executive committee of delegates of II na tions and there was speculation that these 11 may form the mem bership of the proposed organiza tions allpowerful security coun cil The II are the councils 5 permanent member States Britain Russia China and 6 smaller Iran Belgium Yugoslavia Can ada Brazil and Mexico Coupled with these develop ments the delegations of the wars 46 victorious nations faced a crowded schedule beginning for the Americans with a delegation caucus and running through an jjress meeting jn the MVximTm WedneVday This da will Minimum Wednesday receive the report of the steering M 8 m Thursday committee on orcanfzation of the YEAR AGO conference Stettinlus is slated for permanent president The re port also may cover the soviet 3 vdte issue and creation of the ex ecutive committee The program then calls for speeches by Foreign Minister T V Soong of China Molotov and Eden Afterward atsubsequent sessions the next of which may be Friday the chief delegates of other nations will speak in the alphabetical order of their coun tries Steltinius kicked off the oratory Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy and continued cool Thursday night and Friday frost Thursday night with lowest temperatures about 28 Iowa Partly cloudy and contin ued cool Thursday and Friday frost in south and near freezing in north part Friday morning Minnesota Fair and continued cold with freezing temperatures generally heavy to killing frost in south portions Friday fairer rising temperature in southwest and extreme southportions IN MASON CITY Maximum Minimum Precipitation 54 31 35 50 33 Trace YANKS PUSH ON TOWARD DAVAO Japs SlowTroops Driving on Baguio Manila of the 24th division pushed into the hills of central Mindanao Thursday in a lightly opposed drive that carried less than 45 miles from Davao Disorganized Japanese forces put up only scattered resistance as the Americans thrust to the vil lage of Manaboan midway be tween Davao and the invasion beaches on the east coast of Moro gulf Since the landing the 24ih divi sion has moved rapidly over the comparatively flat coastal terrain but was now entering the centra hill country most o which still is unexplored Gen Douglas MacArtbur an nounced that Filipino guerrillas had cleared the province of Ilocos Sur in northwestern Luzon of or ganized enemy forces andnow were mopping up scattered Japa nese remnants The province is just south of Ho cos Norte which previously had been cleared by the Filipinos and it gave forces com plete control of the northwestern corner of Luzon American troops however ran into strong opposition as they drove within a little more than a mile northwest of Baguio former Philippines summer capital south east of Ilocos Sur province Front reports disclosed that ele ments of the 33rd division were temporarily halted 5 miles xvest of Baguio by Japanese troops holding out in a 500foot tunnel on the AsinBaguio road Philippinesbased bombers again raided Formosas airdromes and sank 8 more cargo ships in the China sea blockade The biggest shipping bag was at Hainan island where a 4000ton freightertransport three small freighters and 15 barges were sunk and a 1000ton freighter transport probably sunk while trying to slip out of Yulin harbor MOVING DAY Pueblo Colo sher iffs blotter read 500gaUon gasoline tank one pump and 150 gallons of gas oline Investigation revealed a trucking concern had visited the wrong filling station to transfer equipment to a new site AUSTRIAN LINE Patton Races Toward Russian Lines South of City of Vienna Paris The British 2nd army captured Bremen Thursday clearing all the great port except the dock area and Buiger Park north of the center of the city Far to the south the American 3rd army closed within 11 miles of Austria and 41 of Munich Gen Pattons tanks were within 100 miles of a junction with the Rus sians west of Vienna a union which would encircle Czechoslo vakia and create a pocktt larger than the Ruhr The 3rd army was last re ported 72 miles from Hitlers roost at Berchtesgaden but en countering harder opposition at the fringe of the Alpine redoubt Russian shellsfell near 9th army positions on the Elbe north west of Bcrljn hinting an immi nent junction The British lowland 52ni and Iron 3rd divisions captured 5000 Germans since entering Bre men Wednesday Rigid opposi tion gave way suddenly and al most disappeared by midafler noon The worst obstacles in Bremen were debris arid swarms of freed Who pell mell in the stteets manyfortified with the citys plentiful supply of liquor With 334563 peacetime resi dents Bremen was Germanys 18th city her 2nd port and her most important submarine base and supply center The announcement of its fall came from Lt Gen Sir Miles C Dempseys 2nd army headquar ters even while the docks and the parks remained to be mopped up Bremen lias 2 of Germanys largest shipyards which turned out everything from great liners to midget submarines The city vhich covered 16 square miles has been bombed repeatedly and was in ruins when it fell Just south of Hamburg the Germaiis counterattacked the Desert Rats 7th armored divi sion but were thrown back At Tittling the Thunderbolt tilth armored division a s within 11 miles of Passau historic Danubian gateway to Austria The 3rd army like the French 1st and American 7th had crossed the Danube on awide front Some of Lt Gen George S Patlons divisions struck east into Czechoslovakia capturing Eger where Hitler made his postMunich tirade annexing the Sudetenland of Czechoslovakia Cheb a city of 51549 is the 15lh Rome general uprising of Italian patriots was reported un ailv Thursday to have broken the German grip on north Italy and Genoa Turm Verona and scores of other towns Allied military authorities whose armies were sweeping deep into nortnern Italy on the heels of routed German forces withheld immedi ate confirmation of reports the north on the rebellion against the nazis and fascists But accounts of the uprisings were supported by every evidence that the patriots had seized and were operating radios in Milan and Genoa Supplementary re ports circulated freely in the Swiss border areas Swiss advices quoted an Italian press dispatch as hinting that Benito Mussolini was trying to make a deal with the patriots in an effort lo save his life He was BULLETIN Rome army troops captured Verona on the approach es to the Brenner Pass Thursday reported to have been set up as a nazi figurehead in north Italy aft er he was rescued by the Ger mans when his fascist regime cracked up Thursday morning the dis patch was quoted Mussolini sent a man bearing a flag of truce to the head of the Milan socialist party and offered to permit parti sans to take over power on condi tion that the Germans and new fascists be allowed to leave with out hindrance An allied force headquarters communique told of air attacks on enemy shipping in Genoa har bor suggesting thenazis might be makinga despeiateattempt to evacuatetheir remnants bysca Some Italian dispatches said that most of Milan province now was in partisan hands The Swiss telegraph agency reported guer rilla forces had taken Novara 30 miles west of Milan and the towns of Legnano Gallarate and Castellanza 20 miles north of the city Botli the 5fli and 8th armies were across the Po in strength and advancing northward swiftly against light opposition The 5th drove to points north of Mantua putting them less than 20 miles from Verona southern gateway to the Brenner Pass and a bare 120 miles from the Aus trian frontier Thursdays communique report ed the capture of Reggio 91 miles from Milan and Parma 75 miles southwest of the city That repre seutcd a 43hour push of nearly 35 miles northwestward from Mo dena along the main Milan high way Nora Flynn Offered Screen Role by Studio Holly wood Eddington Flynn young bride of Screen Ac tor Errol Flynn has been offered a feature role in a picture by a Smash 1st Major Line on Okinawa Guam reports said Thursday that U S army troops had smashed the first major Jap anese defense line on southern Okinawa All key terrain on which the line was anchored wns caplured by the Americans as they pushed more than half a mile through the strong Japanese defenses to less than three and a half miles from Naha capital of the island The developing Okinawa cam paign brought a force 200 to 250 Superfortresses ranging over Japan again Thursday to new neutralization raids on airfields in Kyushu and Shikoku two of the enemy home islands While the Japanese staggered under the weight of the Ameri canland naval and aerial blows Admiral Chester W Nimitz an nounced that 21269 enemy troops were killed on Okinawa and the surrounding islandsup to Wednes Most of the Japanese were killed on Okinawa and it was estimated theenemy had lost onethird of its original garrison in the bloody fighting on the island 325 milcs from Japan Only 339 Japanese were taken prisoner American casualties in the cam paign as of April 22 were Army 88 dead 4879 wounded and 280 missing marines 257 dead 1103 wounded and seven missing Nimitz also disclosed that the town of Kakuzu in the center of the island had been retaken by the army troops in the renewed drive through the Japanese de fense bell stretched across Okin awa above Naha United Press Correspondent Mac R Johnson aboard the U S flagship at Okinawa reported that thousands of Japanese were hilled and wounded in the coordinated naval and artillery bombardment The big guns of American war ships and the greatest artillery since last Thursday During Monday night the Japa nese pul on one ot their heaviest artillery barrages am completed the fell i withcliawal As the enemy the BERLIN HEART Troops Within 14 Miles of Americans by German Report London K KRo kossovskys second white Russian army captured the port of Stettin Thursday as other soviet forces battled in the center of Berlin and by German account drove to within 14 M milcs of American po sitions on the west bank of the Elbe Steltiu 383000 on he Oder estuary 70 miles northeast of Ber lin was the main port of thccn circled rcicli capital Moscow said the Russians advanced 19 miles beyond the river Premier Marshal Stalins order Thursday night announcing the fal of the port was thefirst so viet confirmation of German re ports that Rokossovsky had moved his army westward onto the Oder It also was the first Moscow disclosure that the Rus sians hnd crossed the lower Oder in the Stettin area Stettin has been under siege for several weeks Stalins announce ment said Rokossovskys forces had crossed both the eastern and western Oder south of Stettin and broken through powerfullyforti fied German defenses on the west bank tire Baltic coast for continued at tacks by Rokossovsky in the di rection of Kiel A late Moscow dispatch re ported that German resistance in naming Berlin was weakening The German high command annouiiced thai a soviet wing west of Berlin had driven to Kalhenow miies from American posilions on the west bank of the Elbe In addition to Stettin the Rus sians caplured Gartz Penkun Casckow and Schwcdt Gartz and Schwedt arc 16 and 28 miles south of Stettin respec tively Penkun and Casekow He 8 to 10 miles west of the river between Schivcdt and Stettin The suddenness of Stettins fail suffEcstcd that the Russians took the city ivith an attack from behind after shelling Ihe port for weeks from positions in its east ern suburbs The power of Ko kcssovskys blow was indicated in Stalins citation of 43 generals and 84 other officers The advance to Rathenow an back to deeper defenses refUmed hcir diive when swept over the principal hills ridges ami strong dvnccs P to more ward for the Russians from Nauen It widened farther on the west the encircling belt thrown tightly around Berlin The inner edge of this rins sripninu the cipiiii now extends roushly 15 miles from east to west and from 7 to 8 miles from north to south As Russian artillery concen Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy The French closed on Munich from the west after destroying the German 19th army Numer ous traps still were being reduced The Canadians closed on the important road center of Olden burg capital of the duchy of that name In the center there still was no official announcement of a link up of the American 1st and 9th armies with the Russians Bios cow said the red army crossed the Elbe at 2Z miles northwest of the Saxony capital of Dresden at a point 18 miles from last re ported 1st army positions The Russians who encircled Berlin and Potsdam were probably as close to the 9th army on the lower Elbe 45 miles from the edge of that expiringcity where Russian guns beat a Uirenody Pattons 3rd army bypassed the airplane manufacturing city of Regensburg and crossed the Dan ube at 3 plapes along an 18mile stretch between Kelheim and Sulzbach on both sides of the ca thedral city His troops moved within a mile of Ingolstadt Berchtesgaden where Hitlers chalet was hit by 6 ton and light er bombs Wednesday was indeed threatened on all sides The Rus sians were reported beating in from the east some 80 miles away T2ie allies in Italy were closing across the Po from the south The 7th army and the French were moving down from the northwest and west and the 3rd army was striking frontally from the north ;