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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 25, 1949, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL LV Associated Press and United Press Full Lease Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY APRIL 25 1949 One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Manoging Editor Can Greece Revive Her Ancient Glory TN preparing for a little informal A talk recently before a group of Greek friends I discovered that I knew ever so much more about the Greece that WAS than I knew about the Greece that IS And I venture that would be the testi mony of most of you who are listening in on this weekly visit The event being commemorated was the 128th anniversary of Greeces declaration of independ ence from the Ottoman empire Although the struggle for liberty began in 1821 final victory didnt come until 9 years 1830 This was just one of the in teresting facts revealed to me as I dipped into some books having to do with Greece and Hellenic history What I learned was so interesting and refreshing that I decided to make it the subject of this commentary A Bit of Greek History Greek history of course is di vided into several distinct com partments Theres the era extending back to at least 3000 and perhaps 4000 years before Christ an era which has been revealed most interest ingly in the last century by our archaelogists The story of an amazingly highgrade civilization is told by the excavation of ruined cities Then theres the era for which Homer in his Illiad and Odys sey was the principal historian Homer lived in the 10th century before Christ and the time of which he wrote in terms of myth ology was known as the heroic age Authentic history of Greece dates back to 776 B C when a civilization was cradled which reached its full flower in the 5th century before Christ with such mighty names as Aristotle Plato Demosthenes and Socrates Cradle of Culture Literature philosophy science medicine mathematics astronomy geography and learning in gener al reached an amazing state of development in the Greek city states It was a truly glorious age Then came the long centuries of decline and eclipse Disintegration came about from a number of causes but foremost of them was division in the Hellenic family Athenians hated Spartans more than they hated the external ag gressor They lost their capacity to unite against a foreign enemy as they had united against Zerxes and his Persian hordes at an earlier date As a consequence Greece was taken over by the Romans Then followed the Byzantine rule then Latin occupation again Centuries of Oppression Conquest by the Turks began In 145 and was completed in 1460 This was the start of 4 cen turies of oppression unequalled in the pages of history That the Greeks were able to preserve and perpetuate a national conscious ness in the face of such odds is an astonishing historical fact Encouraged by major nations including Britain and Russia the Greeks in 1821 rose up against their Moslem tyrants and fought through to independence 9 years later Incidentally our own American republic then in its in fancy was the first nation to rec ognize Greek independence This was under President Monroe It would be a mistake however to assume that life for independ ent Greece has been a bed of roses these past 115 years Her troubles have been many and complex but they have stemmed from 2 principal sources Too Mucli Outside Help One of these has been the un healthy interest taken in her af fairs by outside nations Because of her strategic position geo graphically Greece has been and is today the shuttlecock in an in ternational game of badminton She just hasnt been permitted to be the master of her own des tiny When the outside powers have taken a hand in her they have even to the extent of choosing her question has never been asked Is this good for Greece The only con sideration has been Is this good for us Thats one of the crosses Greece has had to bear Another has been her diminutive size Essentially an agricultural country she simply hasnt had enough land from which to draw a livelihood for the approximately million peo ple who are crowded within her boundaries Smaller Than Iowa Even counting Crete and her myriadother islands Greece to day has an area of only 50000 square miles This is smaller by onetenth than thearea of Iowa And the story doesnt end there because only l5th of Greece can be used for crops This that 7i million peo ple must be fed and housed with what can be grown on 1000 miles of land In terms that be more readily understood Greeces total of tillable land is COKTDTUn OH PAGE 2 This at TV Section One No 169 TEN SECONDS TO Fischer Decorah Iowa precision flyer plunged to his death 10 seconds after the picture on the right was taken His small plane lost a wing while performing at an air show in Jack son Miss Sunday X Decorah Stunt Iyer Killed n Air Crash Jackson Miss youthful tunt flyer from Decorah Iowa vas killed Sunday when his plane crashed and burned at an air show here He was Billy Fischer 23 a member of Rex Englishs Trans American Air shows He was billed as the national light plane pre ision acrobatic champion Fischer had just started his stunt in his 463pound vest pocket plane when the left wing broke rom the fuselage during a snap at an altitude of 100 feet The sublic address system had just re ported his speed to be 220 miles an hour The young pilot managed to ight his craft a second before it rashed into the concrete runway 00 feet from about 10000 air show spectators A World war II air force cap ain Fischer was the son of Mr and Mrs W P Fischer of De corah His father is a hardware merchant Fischer attended Lu her college at Decorah and left school to enter the air force dur ng the war Funeral services will be held in he Decorah Congregational church at p m with a military burial at the Decorah emetery Besides his parents he is sur vived by 3 sisters Mrs Nadine Mrs Sylvia Smith and lamona Fischer Ramona is a stu dent at the University of Iowa and he other 2 sisters are Iowa uni versity graduates Man Found Inside Car in River Norwalk bodyof Ber nard Henry Berry 27 of Lorimor was found inside his car in the North River a mile south of here Sunday Warren County Coroner C H Mitchell said Berry had been dead about 72 hours Highway Patrolman Harold Gil mpur said the car apparently missed a turn on highway 28 and plunged into the river during Thursday nights rain storm The car was seen by Izeta Kah ley of West Des Moines who was fishing from the bridge She no tified authorities who pulled the car from the river The car was standing almost straight up in the river with its radiator down Berrys parents Mr and Mrs Henry Berry who live near Lori mor said they thought their son was in California They said they had not heard from him for about 10 days TYPING CHAMP Des Moines Join er of Humboldt Saturday won a typing contest for high school stu dents The contest was conducted by the American Institute of Busi ness Quick Packard Strike Ended Detroit surprise strike at the Packard Motor company which threatened to hold up pro duction of the Gold Models for the companys golden jubilee was settled early Monday The strike lasted only 3i hours The 60 pickets who took their places around the plant at 11 p m were removed at a m when the company agreed to 2 main union grievances The management agreed to al low the collective bargaining com mittee of Local 190 of the United Automobile Workers CIO to en ter the plant to study conditions there and to correct health and safety conditions in the production department Management and union repre sentatives were to meet to discuss other grievances involving the al leged unwarranted discharge of several employes and violation of seniority rights The strike at the Packard plant which employes 9000 workers was called alter a strike vote by workers at a special membership meeting Ralph Urban president of Local 190 said 97 per cent of the workers present voted to strike Coulter Will Vote on Power Franchise special election will be held Tuesday to decide the question whether to grant a 25 year franchise to the Franklin Rural Electric CoOperative to build maintain and operate a high voltage electric transmission line within the town The purpose is to provide electricity for the new Franklin consolidated school which will be under construction between Coulter and Latimer Sentenced to Jail for Stealing Watch Charles Brannon transient started serving 90 daya in the county jail Monday after pleading guilty in district court to a charge of grand larceny Brannon was arrested for tak ing a wrist watch from Guy Smith of Charles City April 8 at a cabin whereSmith lives Brannon was sentenced to 180 days with half of them suspended Way Cleared for German Government Constitution Can Be Approved as Early as May 15 Frankfurt Germany All differences between the Germans and the western allies over the formation of a west German gov ernment have been cleared up Gen Lucius D Clay U S military governor announced Monday night The way now is clear for ap proval of a west German consti tution by May 15 and formation of a government by July The an nouncement coming with dra matic suddenness dispelled fears that the difficulties would impede final agreement on a constitution for weeks The 2 leading west German po litical parties settled their own dif ferences and then in a meeting with 1he 3 allied military govern nors ironed out difficulties with the occupation powers Thus west Germany may have its own government by July I think it is a big story said Gen Sir Brian Robertson the Brit ish military governor hailing the agreement I think today is a rather historical day rather a big day in the development of rela tions between the Germany and the occupation powers Dr Konrad Adenauer head of the parliamentary council which is drafing the constitution an nounced the meeting of minds of the German political leaders He made the disclosure after a meet ing with the 3 western military governors Adenauer predicted enactment of the constitution by a large ma jority of the council soon Says Firms Must Bargain on Pensions Washington supreme court held in effect Monday that employers must bargain with unions on plans However only companies sub ject to federal labor is firms whose goods cross state lines affected Likewise the unions involved must be eligible to use National Labor Relations Board machinery Such a decision already had been handed down by the United States circuit court in Chicago in a case affecting the Inland Steel company Inland appealed to the high tribunal contending among other things that it already has a companywide pension system which would be destroyed by the decision The supreme court refused to review the circuit court ruling thus letting it stand unchanged Reds Try to Cut Off Government Forces Woman Struck by Car Skull Arm Fractured Charles Lucille Cov ey 43 was in the Cedar Valley hospital Monday with a fractured skull and 2 fractured bones in the right forearm the result of being struck by a car driven by Mrs Betty Weston of Charles City at 412 Hildreth street Sunday Officers said Miss Covey came from behind a parked car into the path of the Weston car which was going north Aim Blow at Seaport of Hangchow Communists Reported to Be Only 10 Miles Away From Shanghai Shanghai Communist troops were acknowledged to have infiltrated within 10 miles oi Shanghai Monday night At the same time they unoffi cially were reported racing to wards the sea south of Shanghai in an effort to trap 00000 gov ernment troops The Shanghai garrison com mander however put a rigid clamp on unofficial news accounts and picked up several correspond ents and editors for questioning about stories of communist suc cesses George Vine International news service correspondent and editor of the North China Daily News was picked up along with several other Shanghai newspaper figures Cease Publication Staff members of the British owned North China Daily News said they had been advised in a roundabout way to cease publica tion and that the paper would not publish Tuesday The II S consulate general meanwhile warned Americans in Shanghai that the U S navy soon would move its ships to void in volvement in the civil war and that any who wanted to get aboard must do so quickly A widespread report persisted that the communists moving southeast with lightning speed had captured Kashing 53 miles south of Shanghai cutting the railway toHaagchow Trains Running In a 9 p in announcement the garrison specifically denied this and said trains between Shanghai and Hangchow still were running The garrison announcement is sued through the official Central News Agency acknowledged that communist troops had infiltrated to Nanhsiang 10 miles northeast of Shanghai and were deploying towards Soochow Wuhsien 5C miles west of this great city Both points were declared to be still in government hands how ever with Soochow heavily de fended by crack nationalist forces The communists took Nanking without opposition Sunday morn ing Manchester Youth Dies of Car Fumes Waterloo youth from Manchester was asphyxiated here Sunday He was Eugene O Maire 19 whose body was found in a car parked in a garage Black Haww County Coroner Sidney Smith said the death was accidental The youths body was found in the car of Atlay Hansmeier 20 of Waterloo Hansmeier said he and Maire had driven to Cedar Rapids Saturday night They returned to Waterloo about 2 a m he said and Maire had slept in the car because both planned to get up early and go to church Coroner Smith said Maire apparently had got cold and turned on the car motor to heat the car The motor was still run ning when Maires body was found DELUXE and Mrs Dewey Huffman Oakpark addition in Charles City had just bought this auto in Charles City Saturday afternoon and driven it 2 blocks from the garage The heavy winds ripped up the large trees which fell on the car injur ing Mr and Mrs Huffman They were reported as not in critical condition at a Charles City hospital Sunday Legislature May Close Wednesday Des Moines ad journment of the 1949 Iowa legis lature will be delayed until Wed nesday it appeared Monday William Scarborough secretary of the senate said it would take the upper chamber that long tc complete enrollment of bills and other lastminute detail work House Clerk A C Gustafson ex pected to be finished Tuesday Only a few lawmakers were in Des Moines Monday and there was no session Sales of products and services through vending machines in 1948 in the U S were estimated at about Weather Report FORECAST Mason Monday night with near 40 Sunny and warm again Tuesday with high near 70 Iowa Fair Monday night and Tuesday Warmer east portion Monday night Low Monday night 5055 east 5560 west Minnesota Considerable cloudi ness with local showers or thun der showers south portion Mon day night and in extreme south Tuesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather for 24 hours ending at 8 a m Monday Maximum 60 Minimum 42 At 8 a m Monday 52 Precipitation 02 YEAR AGO Maximum 79 Minimum 58 GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hours ending at 8 a m Sunday Maximum 66 Minimum 27 At 8 a m Sunday 38 GlobeGazette Photo JUDD ARRIVES FOR KEYNOTE Walter Judd left U S congressman from Minnesota is shown here being greeted by Dr T E Davidson Mason City as the Minnesotan stepped off the Rocket upon arriving in Mason City Sunday afternoon Dr Judd came here as key note speaker of the 132nd district conference of Rotary In ternational which opened Sunday He spoke at Roosevelt fieldhouse Sunday night Dr Davidson past district gov ernor of Rotary is reception chairman of the conference YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 77 GlobeGazette Photo ROTARY PIONEERS CONGRATULATE NEW DISTRICT GOVERNOR Rotary Pi oneers congratulate Rob Roy Cerney incoming district governor of the 132nd district as lie was announced the sole nominee for the office at the 2day conference here From left the Rotarians are Hugh H Shepard charter member of the Mason City club C H Crowe of Clarion outgoing president of the 132nd Pioneers Cerney Bruce Gates of Waterloo new president of the Pioneers and Tom Purcell of the Hampton club secretary of the Pioneers Dr Judd Says World Must Become One The United States must not re fuse to be has a world organization that is work ing and she is out to win Dr Walter Judd representative in congress from Minnesota warned in an address here Sunday night at the 132nd district conference of Rotary international Dr Judds talk was given at Roosevelt fieldhouse following a banquet attended by close to 700 Rotarians and Ladies of Rotarv from the 45 visiting clubs and the host club His address was open to the public and a large number of vis itors occupied the balcony seats available for his talk Election on Program Highlights scheduled for Mon days agenda on the 2nd day oi the conference included the elec tion of a new district governor a visit of Rotary ladies ot Mason Citys library in the afternoon and the final event a talk by the hu morist philosopherlawyer Jeff Williams of Oklahoma City Okla following the governors banquet at Hotel Hanford in the evening It was announced that Rob Roy Cerney of the Mason City club was the sole nominee for the new district governor Nominations were held at the first plenary ses sion Sunday afternoon The congressman said that the war in China was the key to the North Atlantic and southeast Asia Russia failed to get Ger many through her western attack so now she is doing it by getting China He praised the Marshall plan and said that Administrator Hoffman had done a magnificent job He emphasized that it must not fail Must Become One Judd pointed out that a lot of in government was of planned inadvert ent The world must become one he declared There is no escape He urged the importance of the U S as leader among nations to show the way There be no appeasement Unification of econ omy not political unification is the answer he said That is what has given the 48 states their strength Russia now controls onethird of the It is up to the other side the capitalists to work out a set of circumstances whereby it will be more advantag eous for Russia to agree than to disagree Judd emphasized If Russia wants the atomic bomb she can get it tomorrow by agreeing to the same rules other nations agree to he declared The world must become one he said The other side knows wonder why we dont He urged study of the Lenin scrip tures which preach that commu nism cant exist side by side with capitalistic states that ultimately one or the other must conquer Peace by Agreement We dont want war They wont give up their beliefs We wont give up ours Peace must be by agreement The only chance is in the realm of relations between the 2 systems It cant be by appease ment Appeasement never yet led to peace But we refuse to believe it the congressman said It was a great mistake to think we and Russia had something in common because she fought with us against Hitler We put all our chips on the one assumption that Russia must be all right because of this allied fighting Then we set the worlds record of sending Congress Gets Legislation to Carry Out Health Plan Washington to carry out President Trumans far reaching health program was in troduced in congress Monday The bill calls for payrolltax insurance to provide medical hos pital and dental care for about 120000000 Americans at a spon sorestimated cost of around S6 000000000 a year The administration measure also would put into effect all the other phases of Mr Trumans program Those include federal grants for medical education hospital con struction public health services and research The bill also au thorizes an experimental pro gram of federal aid to farmers health cooperatives A sponsors statement accom panying the bill was signed by Senator Elbert D Thomas CD chairman of the senate la bor and public welfare committee by Senators Murray Wagner DN Pepper D Chavez DN Taylor McGrath DR Humphrey and by Reps Dingell DMich and Bie miller Not a single republicans name was on the list of sponsors Some well as some democrats have branded the presidents national health insur ance program socialized medi cine But the sponsors in their joint statement retorted that substitute voluntary plans backed by Sen ator Taft ROhio and others travel the sure road to socialized medicine At the end 1947 more than 3 million annuity contracts were in force with United States life insurance companies Teacher Fiance Die in Car Crash Near Manning Manning Carroll school teacher and her fiance were killed early Monday in an auto collision on highway 141 a half mile west of here Dead were Theresa Con well 23 first grade teacher in the Carroll public schools and Thomas Fran cis Burke Jr 28 year old Lohr ville farmer to whom she was be trothed Hospitalized in the Manning General hospital were Dr Joseph P Phelan 24 Carroll dentist and Audrey Overgaard 23 of Audu bon She has a chest injury and Dr Phelan suffered cuts and bruises Sheriff Al Thorup said Miss Conwell and Burke were killed outright when the car hit a dead end on the highway Emil Fisher of Manning said he barely swerved out of the path of the car SAME Black M ;