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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 25, 1946, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS VOL UI Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wir Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY APRIL 25 194S BIG This Paper Consists at Two Section One No 170 FOREIGN MINISTERS MEET See Sharper Cut in Flour Supplies for Americans WHEAT PROGRAM HITS PRIVATE SALES Government Dominates Market to Get Grain for Famine Areas Washington Americans may have to take a still sharper cut in flour supplies than the 25 per cent reduction ordered to make more bread available for hunger sufferers abroad This possibility arose Thursday as the government pressed a wheat buying program which has the ef fect of closing the market to other buyers including millers and food processors Grain thus obtained will be used to help feed famine areas The government is in a position to dominate the wheat market be cause it has been authorized to pay farmers a 30centabushel bonus over currentmarket prices which are at ceiling levels Other buyers cannot meet the govern ment offer without violating OPA price ceilings As a result millers are limited to supplies of wheat they have on hand Some have reported they have enough to last them less than 2 weeks ByMay 1 all mills must reduce their supplies to 21 days requirements if they have more thanthat amount Stocks above the 21day supply must be sold to the government Just what mills will do for wheat after their 21day supply runs out is the bigquestion be ing asked by the industry Unless the millers can get sup plies from the government they will beforced 16 Although officials have not said so the governmentno doubt will find it necessary to resell some wheat to millers to enable them to operate after their current stocks run out and until new crop wheat becomes available in July But with the government itself unable to buy sufficient wheat to meet its urgent export promises there is serious doubt that it would be able to release enough grain to millers to enable them to sup ply Americans with flour at even the reduced distribution level The 30cent bonus offer expires May 25 and officials expect far mers to take full advantage of it Hence agriculture department grain authorities say it is possible that virtually all the wheat re maining in the country except re serves held by farmers will be owned by the government by late May But some of these authorities doubt there is enough wheat re maining to fill export commit ments and to supply Americans with flour at the 75 per cent rate Should this turn out to be the case the government would be placed in a position of choosing between pleas of hungry areas and supplying millers with enough wheat to maintain the American allowance OPA INCREASES CIGARET PRICES Multiple Pack and Machines Sales Up Washington cigaret prices were up on singlepack overthecounter sales The price hike is a half cent a pack on multiplepack sales 5 cents on a carton of 10 and one cent a pack on vending machine sales The reason for the higher prices is an increase of almost 50 per cent in tobacco costs since the start ol the war OPA said in announcing schedule Wednesday the new night Iowa Judge Fines Himself for Parking Keokuk Court Judge J A Concunnon here doesnt make any exceptions in meting out justice even in his own case When he Citizen Concunnon was arraigned before him Judge Concunnon on an overtime parking ticket he the judge gave him the citizen a good lecture and a fine When it was all over the judge speaking both as a professional and private citizen said it was the long working hours that caused him to park overtime and after this hes going to walk to work MAIL DELUGE FAVORS Alben W Bark ley of Kentucky democratic leader of the upper house and a member of the senate banking committee which is hold ing hearings on the extension of the OPA looks over some of the mail and telegrams which have been received urg ing continuance of the price regulation program Lovely Dorothy Kleinkauf a Senate secretary helps the senator with hs task International Sees Shakeup in Wages If OPA Crippled Washington Secretary James B Carey told senators that if the house version of a trimmeddown OPA stands recent wage increases will have to be thrown out the window and a new hand dealt He told the senate banking com mittee the increases were negoti ated on 1 and 2 year contracts uith the thought that price con trols would continue At one point Carey got into an argument with Senator Millikin RColo on whether party poli tics is involved The exchange took place at hearings of the senate banking committee on legislation to extend price controls a year beyond June 30 Carey said Z republican mem bers of the house had referred publicly to the OPA act as an ec onomic narcotic He cited this in saying there is in this country an economic monarchy which makes its own laws Millikin protested that a lot of democrats in the house had the same feeling as the 2 republicans Carey mentioned The senator ar gued that OPA is not a partisan issue Carey said he regretted that Too many republicans and too many democrats of the same ilk went out to do a job on OPA He added that more democrats voted for OPA without amend ments than did republicans There are more democrats in the house than there are republi cans Im sorry to say remarked Millikin Carey took several shots at the National Association of Manufac turers which opposes OPA and has carried on an active campaign against it N A M has the worst 10 per cent of the employers of the coun try he said He agreed with Senator Mitchell DWash that It is unfortunate that the American people do not have the resources of the N A M to present its case on price con trols I havent seen any lack of propaganda for OPA Millikin remarked The house has voted o extend OPA 9 months but with amend ments which OPA sponsors call crippling CALL NATIONAL RAIL WALKOUT 2 Large Brotherhoods Order Strike May 18 Cleveland A nationwide railroad strike to start May 18 was ordered Thursday by officials of 2 large rail brotherhoods the Trainmen and Locomotive Engin rs General chairmen of the two the strike conference brotherhoods reached decision after a 2day in which they rejected recommen dations mafic by a factfinding hoard in the brotherhoods dispute with carriers over wages and working rules changes In view of Thursdays action government seizure of railroads was the only way to prevent sus pension of rail operations the May 18 deadline after Chairmen approved the walk out by acclamation after President A F Whitney of the Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen told the conference Now is the psychological time to press down on these railroads and get our rule changes through If the government calls us to Washington well go but the strike order wont be called off until a satisfactory settlement is reached Alvanley Johnston grand chief engineer of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers likewise told tlie conference the strike wouldj continue until a satis factory settlement was reached Representatives of the 2 broth erhoods met with the carriers Mon day at Chicago io attempt to ne gotiate differences OPA CONSIDERS SOME INCREASE IN SHOE PRICES CPA Makes Ready to Lift Order Designed to Hold Down Cost IP W i t h OPAS approval the civilian production administration pushed plans Thursday to suspend a manufac turing control which helped hold shoe prices down during the war The OPA laid some plans of its own to boost prices on lowcost shoes in an effort to make more of them available Meanwhile there were these other developments touching con summer needs and pocketbooks 1 OPA rushed a survey to de termine whether its regulations will jeopardize shipment of mens suits to stores after May 1 2 Dealers met with OPA to dis cuss the possibility of a tire price ir crease OPAs shoe production control has required manufacturers to turn out the same propcrtion of lowpriced footwear they did dur ing 1942 The principle is the same as that on which OPAs loudly criticized maximum average price regulation on clothing is based CFA had planned to wipe the shoe order off the books OPA ob jected and the agencies compro mised on a plan to suspend it This would permit reinslatement of the ordershould shoe prices get out of hand OPA is finding it necessary to increaseinexpensive shoe prices to obtain more production An in direct reason is to discourage nian ufacture highpriced lines An OPA official estimated the price increase may be about 10 per cent The plan is to apply It only to models which were made in 1942 and which probably will sell at S5 or les As for mens suits OPA began its study Wednesday after a cloth Ins industry spokesman had as serted that suit deliveries to re tail stores would have to stop May I unless the maximum aver age price regulation Is amended This regulation prohibits ship ments of highpriced suits un less quarterly output of these is balanced with a supply inex pensive suits Manufacturers are given an extra 30 May 1 in this balance produc tion OPA is checking manufacturers cost and production records and experts officials said that the av erage price order will have to be liberalized because of the shorta of lowcost fabric Any tire price increase will be to offset a wage boost recently granted by the rubber industry STILL MISSING Arrest Few Persons as Inquiry Continues Minister R o m j t a Baby Bandits Rob Child of 2 Cents Los Angeles Maya delle Bennett told police that 2 baby bandits boys 2 and 4 year old beat up her 22 month old daughter Cynthia and robbed her of 2 cents Woman Turns Down Silk Stocking Sale Albany x Y PNathan Solomon Albany merchant found 450 pairs of prewar womens silk hose in his shop Anxious for fun he set up a box on the sidewalk and remarked to the first woman xvho came by Here you arc lady 3 pairs of silk stockings for a dime What do you think I am mis ter a sucker was the retort Tombstone Ariz Jail Is Turned Into Hotel j Tombstone Ariz city jail was all fixed up Thursday and ready to welcome outoftown vis itors The jail has been empty since this once lawless town turned respectable so the citv re ed it into a Rome Giuseppe Thursday a few persons have been arrested in connection with the removal of Benito Mussolinis cody from a Milan potters field Romita declined fa identify the persons arrested saying he did not want to interfere with the in vestigation In Milan Police Chief TJmberto Ferrante said that 2 night watch men at the cemetery had been ar rested but there was no indication whether they were among the per sons to whom Romita referred Fenante added that the investi gation had extended into the pro vinces far outside Milan Numer ous gravediggers have been ques tioned because the exhumation was done with professional skill denied reports tha he said Romita Mussolinis body had been given a secret new burial at the formei dictators birthplace at Predappin and asserted there were no new clues to its whereabouts tsdi IOWA COURTHOUSE Sheriff Leo J Martin left and County Clerk Val Kies examine the lock knocked from the vault in the clerks office in Dubuque thieves Thursday morning An effort to force entrance to a vault in the county recorders office failed AP Wirephoto COURTHOUSE IN IOWA IS ROBBED Dubuque County Vault Cleaned by Thieves Dubuaue An estimated in cash and in gov ernment bonds were stolen from the office of County Clerk Val Kies early Thursday by thieves who cracked the office vault after gaining entrance info the court house by breaking in a basement window Exact amount of the cash taken was beingchecked by Mr Kies and his deputies Chief of Police Joseph Strub in charge of the in vestigation said but late in the morning more than half a dozen envelopes which had contained were found empty The bonds taken the clerk re ported were 4 negotiable government bonds left with the in payment of inheritance same robbers however clerk taxes The failed in an effort toforce open the safe In the office of County Recorder Don Whelan the chief reported The robbers used a chisel to re move the combination to the vault in the county clerks office and once inside smashed open several strong boxes containing money and checks the chief said Clerk Kies discovered the burglary when he opened the office at 9 oclock The combination to the record ers safe had been knocked off the police chief said but en trance was not obtained Several desks in the 2 offices were rifled but the chief said he was advised no money was taken from these desks Entrance to the courthouse was made by smashing a glass in the door of the county engineers of fice on the street level and a simi lar method was followed to en ter both the clerks and record ers office on the second floor the chief said Members of the board of super visors pointed out that the loss was covered by insurance J A Res the night fireman was absent from the building from midnight to 3 oclock but returned to work at that hour and remained in the courthouse until he told the chief he heard nothing amiss and saw nothing which aroused his suspicions the chief was informed Impatient Motorist Breaks Train Fined Bnffalo N Y impa tient Buffalo motorist who thought a freight train was pass ing a crossing too slowly pulled a coupling lever breaking the train into 2 sections He was fined S150 after being tiv police Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Clear and dry Thurs day night and Friday Cooler Thursday night possibly light frost in scattered areas Iowa Clear and dry Thursday night and Friday Cooler Thurs day night Scattered light frost in mirth and west portions Minnesota Fair Thursday night German Bomb Ticks on in Palace Yard London bomb ticked in the royal heart of the British em pire Thursday and threatened to blow up at any moment right in front of Buckingham palace In the palaces and ministries fringing an emergency no maiis land in St James park peers ant porters alike discreetlyavoidei windows and waited anxiously for a big boom Zero hour was set for between 6 and 7 p m 11 a m to noon CST It might go off at any mo ment however An ancient plan under which royal parks can be isolated as selfcontained fortresses was in voked Wednesday night when the 1000pound luftwaffe bom nicknamed locatec in a drained duck pond and began ticking when disposal squads reached it thrcfugh a 30foot shaft Bomb experts who listened to the ominous ticking with a steth oscope said the noise was more feeble Thursday and might even stop This might be due however to the water seeping into the shaft Iowa Housing Group Member Seeking Home Cedar Rapids UR Howard McLaughlin wondered Thursday to whom he could appeal for a home and an office The house in which he lives was put up for sale and he has been notified to vacate his office by June 15 McLaughlin is a member of the governors state housing committee and is chairman of a similar committee of the Ameri can Legion Decker Seeks More Cattle at OPA Price An offer to buy an unlimited number of cattle at OPA per prices based on actual ields and government grading vas made Thursday by Jacob E Decker and Sons a division of Armour and company The offer came as the result of charges by the CIO packinghouse vorkcrs union and Fred Stover Jampton president of the loua armers Union that meat packers are conducting a sitdown strike y refusing to buy beef with the purpose of causing displeasure with OPA We will buy cattle that way rom anyone said an Armour elegram to Economic Stabilizer Chester Bowles We authorize any government agency labor un on or anyone else to buy cattle for our account on this basis Armour and company wants o buy cattle and is trying to buy cattle The law says we cannot pay over a certain price and we will not violate the law Anyone who says we are not trying to buy cattle that are within the regula ions does not know the facts or is deliberately spreading malicious falsehoods Same people are being misled by the overriding cciline price on live cattle which is 18 cents at Chicagro the telegram stated They think we can buy cattle up to this figure This is not the case the tele gram explained because in ad dition to t h e overriding ceiling prices we must not socalled maximum exceed the permissible prices which are based on actua carcass yields and governmen grading The OPA compliance prices which govern our cattle buyint operations are Chicago basis for AA c a 1 1 1 e yielding 61 pe cent for grade A cattl yielding 58 per cent for I grade cattle yielding 56 per cen and Sll for C grade cattle yield ing 54 per cent Cattle at the overriding ceil ing price of at Chicago are no in compliance approximately grade AA There are practically no cattle now coming to marke that will yield that high A packer who gets an A grade on A steers by the governmen grader can pay 2 cents a pounc alive more for the animal than a packer who would get only a I grade on the same animal it wa pointed out and governmen grading is not and cannot be uni form unless they yiel 65 per cent am and Friday night Cooler Thursday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Thursday morning Maximum si Minimum 38 At 8 a m Thursday 58 YEAR AGO Maximum 51 M i r i m 31 SAYS GOERING FRAMED MEN Nuernberg former Ger man secret police official declared flatly Thursday that Herman Goering engineered frameups in 1938 which resulted in the dis missal of both the reich War min ister and the armys chief of staff decisive last steps before the outbreak of war Hans Bernd Gisevius onetime eeslapo officer testified before the international military tribunal that Goering had compelled a common criminal to iden tify Col Gen Werner von Fritsch the armys chief of staff as the perpetrator of an atrocious homosexual attack The dramatic denunciation of von Fritsch whom the German moderates had regarded as the man to overthrow the nazis was made in Adolf Hitlers presence the tall bespectacled witness as serted 9 days after Goerings own agents had established that the the actual culprit in the case was one Capt von Fritsch Gisevius who testified Wednes day that he plotted against the nazis for 10 years while serving in various police jobs declared that Goering knew in advance that elderly Field Marshal Werner von Blomberg the war minister had fallen in love with a 28yearold carpenters daughter but with held the information until after the fuehrer had been induced to I attend the N GROUP EYES SPANISH PROBE Members Shape Policy on Extending Powers New York world se curity council on this first anni versary of the United Nations Sai Francisco organizational meetin Thursday was shaping a policy o how far afield it may go to detec and suppress any alleged plot to breach the peace A farreaching plan of inquiry has been urged by Australia in her generally wellreceived pro posal that the council Investigate Franco Spain futly before voting on Polands motion for a collective U N diplomatic break with that excluded nonmember nation Poland has charged thai the re gime of Generalissimo Francisco Franco shelters fugitive nazi war plotters and scientists who may be conducting researches in atom ic energy menaces the French frontier with a massing of troops and is a potential hotbed for a new war HOLD SESSIONS FORIRONINGOUT PEACE TROUBLE Italys Treaty Wig Problem Confronting Conference in Paris Paris ministers of he United Stales Russia Great iritain and France met Thursday i Luxembourg palace for the urpose of preparing European reaties to end the greatest war in listory Secretary of State James F Byrnes was the first of the vislt ng ministers to enter the palace vhcre the 4 leading powers Mill attempt to iron out differences vhich had blacked efforts to draft peace treaties for Italy Romania Hungary Bulgaria and Finland It was Byrnes who suggested he conference be convened to olve problems have dead ocked a council of deputy foreign ministers in London for months md caused a postponement of the icheduled May 1 European peace conference The crowd which jammed the streets nearby balconies and rooftops gave no demonstration The conference began shortly after the scheduled 4 p m 10 a m CST time exactly on the irst anniversary of President Trumans speech to the San Fran cisco conference which drafted the United Nations charter Luxembourg palace was dec orated with flags of the 4 nations and surrounded by hundreds of policemen who kept the square before the building cleared The ministers accompanied by their assistants left the automo biles in the palace courtyard and went immediately up the red car peted stairway to the conference room in the salon Victor Hugo They made no statement prior to settling down to their task of deal ing with vanquished European na tions Diplomatic observers in Paris and other parts of the world eyed the conference closely for clues as to whether the big four would be able to work out compromises in the spirit of the United Nations or whether disagreements would promote another era of power pol itics and spheres of influence The deputies have been able to compromise few of the disputed fundamental issues in their 6 months oE discussions but diplo matic sources said their work served to clear away the under brush of detail and point up dif ferences for decision by their chiefs The Rteatest difficulty facing the foreign ministers Ernest Bevln of Britain Georges Bidaull of France Vyaclicslav M Molofov of Russia and ex pected in reaching an agreement on the treaty to end Italys nearly 3 years of handtomouth exist ence The 4 powers are divided over Russian reparation demands on Italy on Russias desire for con trol of Tripolitania and on soviet demands for bases in the Dodec anese One of the thorniest problems however apparently had been set tled vith announcement of a vir tual accord on the touchy prob lem of the ItalianYugoslav bor der in VeneziaGiulia It nas believed that a boundary commission which made an onthespot study of the latter problem would have its report with or without recommendations ready for submission to the min isters by Saturday or Monday The ministers are not sched uled to discuss treaties for Bul garia Romania Hungary and Fin land until after the Italian prob lems have been disposed of Only Britain and Russia will discuss the Finnish treaty and France will not participate in discussions of the other 3 One diplomatic source said it Italian discussions might open the way to a general study of the Mediterranean including the status of the Strait of Gibraltar and the Dardanelles Although prolonged discussion on yaf entirely possible that the the methods of investigation was anticipated there were indications that the Australian plan would be acceptable in some form Adoption of Australian delegate W R Hodgsons proposal would broaden the councils scope and open the way for detailed inquiry into the affairs of Spain or any suspect nation The bulldogjawed Australian has reminded the council that it is the watchdog for the whole of the United Nations and has told his councilmates that Australia con siders no case closed until all the facts are in In calling for a 5member council subcommittee investiga tion of Spain and a report return able May 17 Hodgsons amend ment reprieved the Polish motion for certain defeated last week The port of New Orleans is the largest single activity of the state Louisiana and its facilities are valued at approximately 1000 BRITAIN GUTS BEER BREAD London government announced Thursday that Britains standard 2pound loaf of bread will be reduced to a pound and threequarters and that beer pro duction will be cut to 90 per cent of the prewar figure Plan Open Honsc DCS TUoines with hospitals throughout the United States the Veterans hos pital here will observe the 26th annual national Hospital day Sun day May 12 with an open house for ;