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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, April 25, 1945

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 25, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Prcss and United Press Full Leased Wire Five Cents a Copy MASON CITV IOWA WEDNESDAY AFBIL 25 1915 This Paper Consists of Two NO 170 ZHUKOV KONEV JUNCTURE INSIDE WASHINGTON No War Navy Department Merger Until After Wor Central Press Capital Staff e p Clifton A Woodrum D of Virginia chair man of the house committee on postwar military policy predicts that proposals for a merger of the war and navy departments will not be acted upon in congress until after the war I think theres little chance that anything will be done to es tablish a unified department of national defense until after the Waiwith Japan said Woodrum Woodrums committee held public hearings on the proposal but made no recommendations Several proposals for merging the army navy and air corps under one cabinet head have been in troduced and are now pending in committee damage to property in France as a result of the war has been estimated at 40 billion dol lars French rehabilitation will require the services of 800000 persons working 40 hours a week for 11 years One million two hundred thousand dwelling units and 120000 industrial buildings will have to be restored Harry S Truman tells his former senate colleagues he had a better time presiding over them than when he was one of thorn Since he did not vote ex cept in the rare case of a tie he did not have to worry about his constituents Truman a skilled parliamentar ian sometimes took the liberty oE throwing out hints o new senate members as to what they should do and adapted the rushing tactics for which former Vice President John Garner was noted For example when Majority D of Kentucky asked theifnoniinatlon of Fred M Vinson for war mo bilizer he called up out of order Truman sang out Without objection so ordered and without objection so con firmed Hartley equally quick on the trigger shouted I move that the president be notified And Truman responded With out objection so ordered And before most spectators knew what was happening the Vinson nomination had been ap proved Although ithas been operating quietly in contrast to the senates food study committee the houses 7 member committee investigating the food shortage is expected to produce an important report get ting at the nub of the tood situ ation about May 1 well in ad vance of any possible report by the senate committee The house group met quietly in daily session heard leaders in government and the food indus try It called on and got the col laboration of War Mobilization Director Fred Vinson who pro duced for them every importan government official conncctec with calories and vitamins anc good red beef Bone Issues for victory in the 3rd Reaches Danube in Berchtesgaden Push Two Allied Armies Drive to Encircle Munich PATTON TANKS SMASH TOWARD AUSTRIAN LINE British Armies Storm Bremen Tighten Siege Circle Around Hamburg Paris third army tanks clattered to within 18 miles of the Austrian border Wednesday in a dash that carried them with in 79 miles Berchtesgaden and within 105 miles of a junction with Russians to seal off Czecho slovakia in a great new trap Two other U S 7th and French assaulting the Germans long and craggy southern redoubt and were punching ahead in a great man euver to encircle Munich The 3rd army now was on the Danube Its llth armored division stabbed 15 miles farther southeast in the corner of Germany reaching near Haibach 18 miles from Austria and 79 miles north and slightly east of Berchtesgaden where the n a z i leaders Alpine refuge smoked from a heavy bombing at tack The llth armored approaching Austria was but 105 possibly two Russian columnsstriking across Austria The Austrian communications hub of lanz also bombed Wednesday was about midway between the outstretching RussianAmerican arms The llth stood 49 miles northwest of Linz Bohemia and Moravia were rap idly being sliced off to form a huge German pocket between Berlin cauldron and the nazi Al pine fortress British in the north stormed Bremen while armies in the cen ter awaited a Russians junction with the AnAmericanRussian junction in the center was expected Wed nesday if indeed it has not oc curred already as many corres pondents at supreme headquarters believe The American seventh army crossing the Danube at perhaps a dozen places was last reported 46 miles from Munich Lt Gen George Fattons 3rd army laid siege to Regeusburr from positions a mile north and Z miles west of the Danube His swift Thunderbolt llth armored division drove 4 miles into Kesen 32 miles from the Austrian fron tier and G8 miles from the Aus trian bastion of Linz At Regen the spearheads were 80 milesirom Salzburg and 124 miles from the Russians in the very heart of Austria at Eiscnerz fra east will probably remain at will keep up the war bill Next year it may be reduced as the war becomes a onefront proposition first men to return to the United States with eyewitness ac counts of navy amphibious opera tions in the Pacific are the direc tors of combat photography Dressed in their flying clothes haggard and unshaven after their long journey from the battlefront they came straight from the air port to the navy press room to tell what they saw of the fight for the beaches Usually they leave the scene of the invasion the morning after Dday with their cargoes of film The trip from Okinawa took 4 days Five days later the reels had been cut and edited and dis tributed to the neighborhood movies to give the home front as only pictures can a graphic idea of the war Yanks Capture General Preparing to Surrender With U S 7th Army in Ger many German General Helmut Thurnm Wednes day was back in the retirement from which he tried to emerge long enough to surrender Thumm bounced by the nazis after he commanded the German forces in the Colmar pocket was pinning his ribbons on his uniform when he was captured Tuesday He was just getting ready to sur render village but it possibly was be yond Rcgen which is 90 miles to the north The 3rd army scooped up 19000 prisoners in advances on a wide front of more than 75 miles The Texas and Oklahoma 90th di vision curling along the Czecho slovakian frontier reached Eslarn 39 miles from Pilsen and 31 cities enclosing the last heavy industry area left to the staggered Germans Nearly all the roads and rails from the Pil senPrague area to the Bavarian redoubt have been cut On all fronts Monday supreme headquarters said 30039 prisoners were taken raising the total for Aim atone to 1034881 and since Dday to 2364586 That was rate of attrition which no army could long stand and that was less than half the tale The Rus sians were exacting enormous casualties on the eastern front and in Berlin the allies who crossed the Po in Italy had seized more than 40000 captives in their fresh offensive The American 7th and French 1st armies rolling into the redoubt on the right of Pattons 3rd army pushed through Bavaria Wurtem berg and Baden with only slight opposition AH the area west of a iine from captured Ulm to Lake Constance can be written aif as conquered AP Correspondent Howard Cowan reported Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobcJazeltc carrier boy Yanks Push Forward in Naha Drive Guam UR Seventh division troops broke the stalemate on southern Okinawa Wednesday in seizing a new height on the west ern sector north of the capital city of Naha Behind a pulverizing naval bombardment which blasted a aath through strong Japanese de enses the army troops ham mered across the hilly terrain and captured an important high posi tion west of Ishin village Admiral Chester W Nimitz also disclosed that elements of the 3rd marine amphibious corps had landed on Heanza island east of Dkinawas Katchin peninsula and Kouri and Yagaehi islands north of Motobu peninsula There was no opposition at Heanza and Kouri but some enemy remnants still were being mopped up on Yagaehi The breakthrough in the south ern line came as the Americans prepared the northern section of Okinawa for the next phase of the march on Japan and Tokyo radio admitted that nothing now seems possible to stop the extermina tion of the Japanese nation The enemy seems bent upon using them B29s to utterly de stroy the Yamato race in a man ner far greater in fury than any bombings our axis partners In Europe experienced Tokyo said Inthe carrying out ofthe ene mys announced prograriSxr6f tal extermination of the Japanese nation nothing now seems possi ble to stop this vicious enemy The frank acknowledgement was made in a Tokyo report dis closing that Superfortresses de stroyed 770000 homes and ren dered 3130000 persons homeless at Tokyo Osaka Kobe and Na goya Crewmen of the Superfortresses which raided the Hitachi aircraft plant at Tachikawa 14 miles west of Tokyo Tuesday reported they blewthe factory all to hell with several concentrations of bursts among buildings covering 1000 000 square feet The B29s 4 of which are miss ing shot down 13 Japanese fight ers during the attack and prob ably destroyed IE others The crewmen said they saw one Japa nese plane strafing 3 parachuting Americans Part of the fleet of seme 150 Superfortresses which raided the Hitachi plant for the first time also hit the nearby Tachikawa aircraft factory The break in the southern Oki nawa campaign came on the 6th day of the allout offensive of the U S 24th army corps against an estimated 60000 Japanese lodged in a firm defense belt around Na ha ijfimitz announced that the ter rific naval bombardment had de stroyed many Japanese pillboxes blockhouses trenches and gun emplacements and sealed1 numer ous caves from which the enemy was stubbornly resisting the American drive CAPTURE SIOKOTT With U S Ninth Army Ger many Chief Hein rich Himmlers brotherinlaw Major General Mokott was one of 2 German generals captured in the cleanup of the Harz forest it was revealed Wednesday Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloudy and rather cool Wednesday night and Thursday Iowa Mostly cloudy Wednesday night and Thursday Rain in the extreme south portion Cooler in west portion Thursday Minnesota Partly cloudy to cloudy and continued cool Wednesday night and Thursday with some scattered light frost south por tions and temperatures near or slightly under freezing north portion Wednesday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Tuesday 51 Minimum Tuesday 31 At 8 a m Wednesday 37 YEAR AGO Maximum 43 Minimum 355 Precipitation Trace ARRIVES IN U S delegation from T 1 Ti T i i iuu nijuui Ul JtXlIIJf A Hill Mphamed Ibn Abdul Aziz son of king Amir Faisal Ibn Abdul Am minister of foreign affairs and son of king t World Security Meeting Begins in San Francisco BIG 4 CHIEFS REVIEW PLANS Dispute Over Poland Still Unsolved Problem San Francisco 4 chiefs gathered Wednesday for a last minute review of plans by which they hope to make the united nations conference the worlds guarantee of peace Preliminary to the formal open ing at p m Central war time these men whose countries arc sponsoring the 46nation as semblage to draw up a worldor ganization went into a hotel room huddle They were Secretary of State Stcltinius Russian Foreign Minister Molotov British Foreign Secretary Eden and Chinese For eign Minister Soon To them largely falls the job of seeing the conference through its crucial first days and then on into the work of blueprinting ma chinery for preventing another World war The presence of Soong was tak en to mean that the Polish issue sharply dramatized by the ab sence of any representation thus far for any Polish government was not at the moment under dis cussion This difficult problem is almost entirely one for the big 3 with Russia on one side and Bri tain and America on the other This is the day that millions of people over the earth have waited and worked for hroUKh the years of fighlinff o the verge of victory It dawned brisht with expressions of hope for lasting peace yet dark ened by one cloud the Anglo American dispute with Russia over Poland Barring some dramatic move by Premier Marshal Stalin of Russia that dispute on Polish representa tion at the conference is as dead locked Wednesday as ting the ranks of the allied powers moment they strive for in the unity Otherwisethere is evidence of close bigpower cooperation which members of the American group interpret to mean that Rus sia is determined to help the con ference succeed and is already making concessions for that pur pose TheAmerican delegation sched uled a preconference caucus with Secretary of State Steltinius Rus sian members met with Foreign Commissar Mfllotov and British delegates had a conference with Foreign Minister Anthony Eden There was some expectation that the Big 3 foreign ministers themselves would get together with Chinas T V Soong for a last minute review of arrange ments prior to the brief conference opening Highlights of the scheduled halfhour program to be broad cast around the world is a speech by President Truman from Wash ington Slettinius rrps the session to order and delivers the initial just peace peace that man can Senator Connally D Tex a member of the United States dele gation summed up the thouglit expressed by many when he told an interviewer if the nations want peace theyll get peace If they will keep their eyes on the main objectives and not be blind ed by personal considerations the conference will have a tremen dous success The Americans have been deep ly worried by failure to get the Polish Warsaw government re organized along the line of the Yalta agreement made by the late President Roosevelt Prime Min ister Churchill and Stalin The issue hovers over the con ference like a shojt at the feast i List Camps Overrun by Allied Armies Washington partial list of German prisoner of war camps containing American soldiers which have beeA overrun by al lied armies was released Wednes day by the war department Allied troops have captured at least 47 of the 78 camps and hos pitals in which Americans are known to be held Some 20000 to 25000 Americans have been lib erated Tlie partial list as compiled by the department and in some cases the number liberated at the camps follows Part of Stalag Lutt 3 at Laug wasserNurnberg 200 liberated Oflag 12B at Hadamer Oflag 79 at Brunswick Oflag 13B at Ham melburg 48 liberated Luft 4 at Stalag 357 in Oerbkc 10B at Sandostel and Stalng 11B at FallingBostei 2833 liberated at the 3 camps Stalag 2B at Hammerstein serving Stalag 2D at Slargard Stargard 3C at Altdrewitz 1500 liberated Stalag 344 at Lamsdorf Stalag SB Teschen Stalag 8C at Sagan Stalag 8A at Goditz Stalag and Lazaret 5A at Ludwigsburg Stalag and Oflng SB at Villingen Lazaret Rottenmunster Oflag 5B Oflag 7B at Eichstadt Stalag 17B at Krems Stalag 4B at Muhl berg Stalag 4D at Torgau Stalag 4F at Hartmansdorf Stalag 4G at Oschatz Oflag 4C at Coditz 4 American officers liberated Stalag 6G at Bergneiistad Stala 6J at Dorsteu D Stalag 9A at Ziegcnhain 1287 liberated Stalag SB at Bad Orb 3248 lib erated Oflag at Spangenburg Oflag at Mulhausen Stalag 9C at Bad Suiza Stalag 12A at Limbuvg Stalag 12D at Wald breitbach Stalag J2F at Frein shein Stalag 13C at Hammelburg Dulag Luft at Wetzlar Dietz and Oberursel 738 liberated Lazaret Bad Sccien at Meiningen and Obermassfehl Burgan Ftichmuehl in Wurttcnburg prov ince 47 liberated Oilag G4 Schu bin approximately 300 liberated Lazaret at Hcppenhcim 350 lib erated RAF BLOWS UP HITLER CHALET Scores Direct Hit in Raid on Berchtesgaden London f RAF Laiicafters blew to pieces Hitlers cliulct Bcrchlesgaden Wednesday with direct by cooperation on other problems uas mortified by Stettinius announcement on the Chinese proposals about justice and legality John Foster Dulles senior ad viser to the delegation in the ab sence Cordell Hull interpreted Russias acceptance of these as the best indication yet that the Russians want the conference to chief executive After Mr Truman the program calls for addresses by Gov Earl Warren of California and Mayor Roger D Lapham of San Francisco The president began work on his address Tuesday night after talking for an hour with former Secretary of State Cordell Hull whose hope to attend the opening here was vetoed by his physicians Stettinius holds the temporary chairmanship of the meeting in San Franciscos opera house audi torium He is slated later to be elected permanent chairman the position which he held at Dum barton Oaks in Washington when the United States China Russia and Britain drafted the plan of j world organization here placed be fore all the united nations j Prospects are that this plan may be considerably changed al1C J D tL TL though not in its main provisions OUlClQe KathCr 1 hail RUSSIANS CUT LAST ESCAPES FROM BERLIN Hamburg Radio Admits Red Forces Have Reached Heart of City London Marshal Stalin announced complete en circlement of Berlin Wednesday and the Hamburg radio admitted that the Russians had reached the heart of the city The announcement of the en circlement came in an order di rected jointly to Marshals Gregory K Zhukov and Ivan Konev which said the troops of the first White Russian and first Ukrainian avm ies had linked up northwest of Potsdam Stalin said the juncture cut all road leads out of the capital and totally enclosed it The Hamburg 1adio announced the penetration to the center of Berlin a short time before Stal ins order was broadcast from Moscow The Soviets were halted by Qerman counterthrusts in the center of Berlin the enemy sta tion said of the battle for the en circled capital They suffered tremendous losses The geographical heart the city is on the famous Unter den Linden the German high com mand announced earlier that the red army had sliced the last railway line westward from Ber lin Soviet troops were reported in the enemys cornmuniciue to have reached the Elbe river on a 22 mile front northwest of Dresden Moscow announced Monday that Russians had Elbe Monday northwest of Ores den At last reports Americans stood on the flludlc river east of Leipzig and 20 miles from the Elbe there The broadcast German com munique said the Russians reached the Elbe between Riesa 25 miles northwest of Dresden and Torgau another 22 miles farther northwest Half of Berlin was held by soviet troops beating down Ger man barricades of stone and iron knocking back German tanks and fighting mizis who popped out of subways behind Russian lines Berlin cas described as a wreck age of stone jungles roaring with hitler bailie The first White Russian army cut 9 miles southward west of Bevlin to Ketzin 14 miles due west of the capital all but en circling the city the German communique said This push by Marshal Gregory Zhukovs troops carrying 9 miles south of Nauen captured Tues day cut the Germans last rail road of escape or reinforcement westward through Spandau The Germans said the first Ukrainian army had reached Ba bclsbeif fashionable suburb be in IU l nn t succeed He and some others had throuSh 20 hick concrete 7r feared that the Soviets might in sist on keeping the Dumbarton Oaks plan unchanged He viewed the agreement on justice and le gality as having great appeal both to the smaller nations and to re ligious and other groups in this country Many pro for a court an assembly of all nations and an II member secur ity council empowered to prevent aggression by force when the 5 big powers Russia America China Britain and The first real break on amend ments came Tuesday when Stet tinius told a press conference that Knssia had joined the United States and Britain In accepting a Chinese proposal to write specific guarantees of justice and legality into the proposed world organi zation charter Tuesday night in a broadcast to the nation and the world Stet tinius said the beginning we are going to make here an San Francisco is toward sure and Fight Russian Army Paris Germans feared the Russians so much that some nazi officers and men committed suicide rather than meet the red advance on the eastern front Stars and Stripes Correspondent Sgt Thomas Hoge said Wednesday Hoge who was captured by the Germans in Holland in September and recently escaped to Russian lines wave GIs a first hand ac count of the awesome red army in a dispatch published by the army newspaper under an Odessa dateline twccn Potsdam and Berlin Ba bclsberg is lli miles cast and slightly south of Ketzin There the Soviets snipped the last link south westward Other troops of he first Ukrain ian army were striking north from a point southwest of raid on the Alpine lair posthe capital toward a junction with Zhukov Any German outlet from Berlin was under soviet artillery fire The Germans said Russians hitting into Berlin from the south had advanced to a line from Ba bclsberg to Zchlendorf to Neu 12000potmc mammoth bombs down on his eagles nesl fortress atou Kehl stcin mountain 5 miles from the chalet sibly was an attempt on the fuehrers life and even heavier bombs may have been dropped Sixton earthquake the type that drilled the thici hide of the Tirpilr and piungel Uboat dropped in the area where Hitlers under ground fortress ia believed lo cated Probably 200 of Britains big gest planes staged this first direct attack on Hitlers Berchtesgaden properties and an air ministry announcement that other high ex plosive and deep penetration bombs were used indicated that possibly the 22000pound monster bombs capable of making a 150 foot crater also were dropped Targets were Hitlers chalet near Berchlesgaden itself SS bai racks on the grounds reputedly garrisoning 10000 picked troopt and the mountain refuge perched atop Kehlstein mountain 5 miles from the chalet Tho Kehlstein castle1 reach able only by a serpentine road and elevators inside a mountain shaft is believed to have a vast underground fortressof aircon ditioned corridors and huge sup plies Whether Hitler was there at the time was not known koeiln At last reports red army troops were within a mile of the heart of Berlin and Unter den Linden The 2 issiult armies already had united in the southeastern section of the cily pocketing Ger man forces to flic southeast Russian guns were methodically reducing the huge city block by block The first White Russian army driving from the north and the first Ukrainian army advancing from the south joined forces Tuesday in so jlhcastern Berlin cutting off large forces of Ger mnns to the southeast The Schlesisciicr Site si an railway station and all districts north and east of It were cap tured This brought he Russians within a mile of the center of the city and the Unter den Linden Official Russian accounts showed the 2 armies still 14 miles apart in their effort to encircle the city completely but red army guns commanded even this re maimng gap and made it virtual ly impossible for the Germans BUT vour j either to flee trom Berlin or bring uuy jour Bonds and J jn reinforcements GlobcGazcttc Nazi Propaganda Minister Paul I Joseph Goebbcls however in a ;