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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 25, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COwp DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY fH n r ECl iOU THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL L Associated Press and United Prtis Full leased Wire Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY APRIL 251944 This Paper Consists ot Two One NO 112 SOVIET PLANES SINK 15 FLEEING GERMAN BOATS Ground Forces Regroup for Final Assault on Base of Sevastopol BULLETIN London reported Tuesday that the red army killed or captured 500000 Germans in its great southern offensive and now is bent on dealing the fina blow to the enemy not on ter ritory of his vassal slates but on the soil of Germany itself A summary of the campaign which began last July said that the Ger mans had been driven from four fifths of the territory they occu pied in Russia and the red army now aims at completing the lib eration and pressing on to strike the death blows in cooperation with the allies By HARRISON SALISBURY Moscow UP Massed squad rons of red air force and licet air arm planes took over the siege of Sevastopol Tuesday sinking 15 enemy vessels and destroying 36 planes in 24 hours as ground forces regrouped lor the final as sault on the big naval base Soviet reports Jailed to sup port German claims that the red army had launched its decisive attacks on Sevastopol Nine of the vessels sent to the bottom were transports loaded to capacity with German troops at tempting to escape across the blockaded Black Sea to Romania Three patrol boats 2 landing barges and a torpedo boat also were sunk and numerous addi tional craft were damaged se verely The attacks brought to 65 the number of enemy ships sunk or damaged severely oft the south ern Crimea in the past 2 weeks including 17 troop transports Twentytwo German planes were shot clown in aerial combat and 14 including 5 trimotored junkers 52 transports used to evacuate troops by air were de stroyed on the ground in a raid on one of few airfields remaining in German hands in the Crimea The soviet high command in its midnightcommunique re ported day that there were no essen tial changes along the vast front A supp2iaent however told of the repulse of continued German counterattacks northeast and southeast of the railway junction of Lwow in old Poland Some 80 miles northeast of Lwowthe Germans recaptured 2 villages but were routed in turn by a soviet counterblow in which move than 400 enemy troops were killed A German infantry battalion crossed a water defense line south east oE Stanislawow on the south ern approaches to Lwow under cover oC darkness Soon alter dawn the Russians attacked and killed more than 200 of the enemy The enemy remnants were thrown into the river where many drowned More than 7100 Germans have been killed in the Stanislawow sector in the past week PANORAMA OF U S NAVY MIGHT IN panorama of ships is part of the powerful U S navy task force which blasted Kwajalein atoll in the Marshalls of the central Pacific on Jan 31Feb 1 and then anchored on Feb 11 when this picture was made in a Marshalls atoll lagoon Nine aircraft carriers and 12 battleships are shown along with cruisers destroyers and supply ships Left from foreground back are an air craft carrier 2 battleships and a carrier converted from a cruiser In right center are 5 ailcraft carriers and behind 5th in line diagonally to left is a battleship At far right rectangular outline is another carrier converted from a cruiser Navy officials say one million tons of shipping are represented in the picture AP wirephoto from Allies Close In on Airfields Around Captured Hollandia MacArthurs Advanced Ilead puarters New Guinea can and Dutch invaders slowed more by mud and mountain than by disorganized Japanese resist ance closed from 2 sides Tuesday on 3 airfields in a 350 squaremile area of Dutch New Guinea around raptured Hollandia A 4th airfield seized by an other invasion force against sniper opposition 150 miles to the south east near Aitape was pressed into service less than 48 hours after its capture Fighters and troop trans port planes landed there Monday Thousands of invading troops the bulk of them Americans were landed at 1 beachheads Saturday protected by the guns and dive bombers of a naval armada which ported AP Correspondent Spen cer Davis At each expanding perimeter from Aitajie to Hollandia bull dozers and tractors tore into the jungle building roads for trans porting the supplies piling up on the beaches If the Japanese in the Hollandia area planned a lastditch fight in defense of the airfields it re mained to be developed against Americans pinching from the 2 bays along a 34mile connecting road Humboldt bay forces in additior to occupying Hollandia village took the village of Pirn 4 miles to the south within 8 miles of th Tamt airfield in the Lake Sentan Adm Chester W Nimitz credits area The main Hollandia field with wiping out 101 Nipponese 117 miles west the Cyclops field 1 planes all but 13 on the ground miles west and slightly north Reports Tuesday by Gen Doug Whether others of the 6000 las MacArthur and advices from the field by Associated Press correspondents told of a steam RECORD NAVAL BILL IS PASSED Demand U S Retain Battle Fleet After War Washtnglon if Dem a n d s that the United States retain its full battle fleet after the war ac companied unanimous senate pas sage Tuesday ot a record 532644 729701 navy appropriations bill Acting Chairman McKclIar D roller impeded largely by the ter rain overrunning territory within bombing range of the Philippines Nowhere in the Hollandia area less than 1200 miles from Min danao was there any word of or ganized fighting by the 14000 Jap anese estimated to comprise the defending force On the west flank American soldiers last reported within 5 miles of the main Hollandia air field told AP Correspondent Mur lin Spencer that some Japanese didnt even have guns This in vading force landed at Tanah merah bay had moved 6 miles southeast by Sunday afternoon On the cast flank red mud which caked the Yanks from head lo foot was the chief deterring factor in a Hi mile push from Humboldt bay into the wreckage of Hollandia village Sunday AP Correspondent Asahel Bush writing his dispatch amidst the ruins of the communitys 150 buildings said only the sprawling bodies of dead enemy stragglers were found after naval guns dive bombers and mountain mortar raked the village At Aitape the story was the same The enemy garrison of be tween 500 and l000 fled leaving 98 dead and a few prisoners around seized Tadji airfield Aus tralian royal airforce engineers worked at night under floodlights disdainful of the enemy air arm to repair the bomber and fighter strips while American troops moved on Aitape village 5 miles north Landing craft brought a never ending flow of troops and sup plies to the beachhead from lib ac thc damaged The other G7 lunted for were wrecked on at Hollandia Thursday night before the inva on cruisers and destroyers iclled Wakde and Sawar The ext day carrier planes opened teir attacks They also sank 2 argo ships several barges and mall craft destroyed fuel storage acilities ammunition dumps and upplies Report Hitler Is Inspecting West Defense London London source having close connections with the European underground said Tues day that Hitler is now making a secret inspection of the west wall defenses The tour coincides with Ger man utterances that invasion imminent 11 was suit tu be made in company with un insnectior party ineludiiiK Grand Admira Karl Docnilz Gen Gueathcr Kor teu chief of staff of the air force and Prof Tann originator of tilt flak lowers which arc an im porlant part of the west wall dc fcnses The Germans announced that Hitler had met Mussolini recently at a secret meeting haps the Brenner pass the Ital ian or French Riviera Military men in London re ceived with skepticism rumors that the Germans planned to withdraw from Italy to conserve their 25 divisions for the west wall battle On the contrary these soldiers believe Hitler is determ ined to hold every inch of Italy as long as possible without in creasing the number of troops al ready committed There has been little change in the number of German troops lions the west wall in recent veeks according to the best re ports After a hurried flow of roops from east to west the Yiovcmont had tapered off with German strength ranging between 54 ami 60 figure the German command believes sufficient to cope with the inva sion through the preliminary stages at least 1000 US Planes Blast 3 German Airfields in France Tenn of the appropriations crty ships and committee deploring the scrap ping battleships and other parts the fleet after World war I expressed hope that kind thing will never happen again Sharing this view Sen Over ton D La told his colleagues the American navy would come out of the present war the un conquerable master of the sea and added This navy can be a tremen dous force for the maintenance of world peace and security Chairman Connally D Tex of the senate foreign relations committee told of its efforts to aid in formulating a postwar inter national organization to maintain peace ami declared But whether we join an in ternational organization or not after this war we need to main tain a strong navy not only to preserve security at home but to suppress invasion and conquest by barbaric characters such as those who forced us into the pres ent war The vote in the senate was 61 to 0 The measure passed the house without n dissenting vote 10 days ago transports rc Nipponese soldiers between Hoi landia and bypassed Madanr would ficure in the J inc remained to be Keen but head quarters reported Tuesday a sup porting 333ton bombing of th WeivakHansa bay area by allie bomber and attack planes Wcwa is a Japanese air base 250 mile southeast of Hollandia To the northwest of Hollandir Japanese air bases at Geelvin bay apparently have been rein forced Headquarters said Tucson that liberators had to fight off interceptors shooting down fron 14 to 17 while dropping 41 toi of explosives on airdromes ther Everywhere over the ISOmile invasion front between Aitape and Hollandia the evidence ot enemy surprise noted At Humboldt bay a radio station 2 truckloads of ammunition 11 other trucks tractors a workshop and gasoline stores were captured Freshly killed horses were found near an enemy kitchen At Aitape the Japanese aban doned aviation gasoline trucks machine guns antiaircraft weap ons and ammunition in such good condition that the invaders turned them on the enemy The invaders also recaptured an American jeep and 3 caterpillar tractors which apparently fell into enemyhands in the Philippines At Pearl Harbor Adm Chester W Nimitz reviewed results at tained by the first operations of his central FJacific naval units in direct support of a MacArthur of fensive He said 13 enemy aircraft were shot down in preinvasion ail combat by carrier planes hittin airfields at Hollandia at Wakde island 110 miles northwest of Hol landia and at Sawar 11 miles west of Wakdo Twentyone more were destroyed on the ground and Buy Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy TIMETABLE OF ALLIED CAMPAIGN IN NEW above indicate dates of important al lied conquests in the New Guinea campaign topped by the announcement of the invasion of Hollandia and Aitape Japanese flags locate areas where Japs remain WARDS IGNORES WLB DEMANDS Refuse to Comply With Directive From F R Chicago UR Montgomery Ward and company in defiance of residcnt Roosevelt and the war labor board refused Tuesday to comply with a WLB directive for settling a dispute with employes Sewell I Avcry president of the mail order and retail store firm drew a telegram to President Roosevelt announcing the decision to ignore the war labor boards demands President Roosevelt had given the company until noon Tuesday to acknowledge his order direct ing compliance with a war labor boarcl decision for settlement of a dispute with the CIOs united retail wholesale and department store employes union The president also had ordered employes to end a strike and re turn to work by the noon dead line They complied by report ing for the day shift Tuesday In its decision the WLB had dcrccl the company to extend ovisions of an old contract with e union pending determination the unions bargaining status an election to be conducted by e national labor relations board he company had refused to sign new contract including a main nance of membership clause on rounds the union did not repre nt a majority of employes In his telegram to the president very said that although it had een 5 months since the question C representation arose the union nd refused to show that it is the ajority choice of Montgomery Vard employes Compliance with the boards would thus make a mockery the democratic right of em loyes to choose their bargaining eprcscntalivcs freely and without iterferencc the telegram said By ordering the retroactive rc istatemcnt of maintenance of nembcrship the war tabor hoard as demonstrated its utterly uii air character and its complete isrcgard of he command of eon rcss that its order conform to he national labor relations act Wards experience with the war abor board over a period of 2 has convinced Wards that he board is a means by which pccial privileges are granted to abor unions The union members of the war labor board are men chosen for leadership by the un ons and have actually advanced nterests of the union The so called industry members arc com mitted to a policy of supporting the majority vote of the union members and the uniondomi nated members The telegram charged that the WLB had coerced employers into acceptance of its orders by threat ening seizure of their businesses While the flow of troops to the west hns dribbled off in the ii 2 or 3 weeks there has been steady procession of hiffh German commanders including Marshal Erxvhi Romnic to inspect the de fenses against invasion of the nervous reicli Large sections of the coast are heavily defended with mines But there is every indication both from the Germans themselves and from neutrals that the com mand is planning to rely on their favorite defense tactic of con testing every inch of ground to the best of their ability while saving a big reserve for a tre mendous counter blow when the generals have clccidecl where the main force ot the allied attack is directed Neutrals reaching Swiss borderreported that eveitylhing is being organized as though Lyonj 175 miles up the Rhone river in southern France would become a center of huge operations Lyon has been a target of allied bomb ers in recent weeks as have other possible concentration points for German reserves ENGLAND HALTS TRAVELABROAD AS PRECAUTION German Broadcasts Claim Seasoned Troops Ready to Meet Invasion London halted but the most urgent travel over seas in another invasionsecrecy step Tuesday while the Germans predicted the invasion hour was near and declared their most sea soned troops stood ready lo mec the assault The travel ban except for bus ness of urgent national import antre which cannot be postponed vill run indefinitely and wa taken lor military reasons1 home office announcement saic It followed orders restricting movements of diplomats tighten ing control over coastal areas suspending travel to Eire ami other recent steps to prevent leak age of information Persons now holding exit per mits can use them to leave Brit ain until midnight Thursday Thereafter only urgent permits will he issued No permit to leave the country will lie valid unless issued on or uflcr April IS Berlin broadcasts told the Ger man people to expect the invasion at any moment and boasted of do tense and counter measures Experienced German troops from the Russian front now arc guarding the Atlantic coast one German commentator declared and they arc ready for a hard fight DNB said the allied air blows had weakened potential German countering strength but that the luftwalfe with many ot its plane production factories underground will not be knocked out and is planning a 2nd front of its own reserves to use only Germans Ban Denmark to Sweden Trips Stockholm was virtually isolated from Sweden Tuesday in a curious unexplained crman move linked possibly with invasion Most quarters however were nclincd to regard the disruption of communications as simply a German counteroffensive to the allied war of nerves which reached new intensity with the recent British restriction on dip lomats and the latest move in London virtually forbidding travel Among the flurry of rumors prompted by Denmarks isolation was the story that the Germans were encountering some internal difficulties in Denmark Free Dan ish circles had no confirmatioi Salient facts of the situation were these Germans Finns and Norwegians to Den j were forbidden to travel mark from Sweden by ferry Swedes were not directly for bidden but state railways refused to sell tickets to Denmark Telephone service between Sweden and Denmark has been Claim Nazis Are Moving Against Danish Saboteurs Stockholm s n c cial deputy and minister tu Den mark Werner Best declared Tues day that the Germans were mov ing swiftly asainst Danish sabo teurs and underground elements affecting German interests Best asserted that Denmark was swarming with underground vorkers and it therefore was Germanys tusk ti attack swiftb nil sternly He said the voulil show no mercy lowart iabotcurs indicating they woult ic summarily shot when caught He expressed hope that condition would stabilize and that Dauis public opinion w o u 1 d Plane Rips Into Block at Montreal Montreal RAF bomber exploded and crashed Tuesday in a block of old brick dwellings in downtown Montreal leaving piles of flaming debris in which res cuers found 9 bodies Three of some 14 dwellings in the hlock were flattened anil oth ers were badly damaged Shrieks of horror arose in the area Adults and children ran about the streets hunting for kinfolk One woman screamed that she had lost 2 daughters An air official said the bomber operated by the RAF transport command was a 4cngincd liberi strategic points ator though many of the eyewit many ancl cent nesses said a twinengined craft had crashed The craft apparently carried ai crew of 5 one of whom was re ported to have parachuted to safe hen flic curtain raises Another broadcast saiil prep arations had been made lo coun ter allied parachute landings and that the Germans would meet surprise with surprise Here in England LtGcn 11 D G Crerar Canadian comman dermehicf said the Canadiat army was finished with its prc nivasion training and eager to settle the debt of Dieppe When the final story is tolc the price Canada paid at Dieppe will be repaid over and ovei again to the allied armies of in vasion in the not distant future he declared German newspapers reaching neutral Madrid warned that til I invasion prob ably will have a different rcsul than at Dieppe anil that th Krcatcst battle in the history o the vorlii will take place alon the Atlantic Available information in Mad rid indicated this might be the distribution of German forces Six divisions in Norway 12 in Fin land 12 in the Balkans 175 in Russia 25 in Italy 5 along the Mediterranean coast antl 30 post ed on the Atlantic wall with a mobile reserve ol GO divisions at n France Ger 1 Kuiopc against he recent increase in sauo The belief was prevalent hi Stockholm that Denmark was iso lated the underground could be cleaned up as a prcinvasitin ecurity measure Similar action was expected in other occupied countries many Swedes believed shut clown completely since Mon day night except for official cails which still are coming through from Copenhagen The usual early ferry left Mal mo Tuesday morning for Den mark without passengers other than 10 carloads of German sick ami wounded transited last week through Sweden from the north ern Finnish front The Danish general consul in Stockholm was unable lo communicate with Co penhagen KARLSRUHE AND MUNICH RIPPED BYRAFATNIGHT Allies Continue Effort to Humble Luftwaffe Ahead of Invasion London fHt American for tresses and liberators attacked German fishier bases in France industrial targets in soullivest Germany and the PasDcCalais aiLa Tuesday at a loss of 7 bomb ers and 2 fighters in carrying heavy bomber operations into the llth straight clay In one operation about 500 of the heavyweights struck fishier bases at Nancy ami Dijon under escort from at least 500 nuistans thunderbolt and RAF fishter nlancs Enemy opposition there and over Indus trial larxcts in southwest Ger many was slight Tuesday communinttc said Later liberators struck military installations on the coast of France The communique said 10 enemy aircraft were destroyed in aerial combat and a number on the round in the days operations vhich also included a sweep by 38 lightning fighterbombers to n airfield in northern France The daylight attacks followed i Hacks Monday night by probably 1000 planes of the RAK which ilastcd industrial Munich and Carlsruhc In a reconnaissance report on the Munich raid the air ministry said whole blocks of buildings were left ablaze in the city Smoke rose 1 miles as scattered tires merged into one glowing core American airmen back from Melz said at least 40 planes most ly fighters parked on the ground there plastered rwilij bombs Trial of lowan Charged With Draft Violation Starts Before Graven Dnbuquc lowans charged with selective service ac violations entered not guilty plca in U S district court Tuesday and trial of one Hugh H llolnu 20 Cedar Falls got under way Tuesday afternoon before Judge Henry N Graven All waived jury for Farm Committee Washington republi can committee on committees has recommended Sen Wilson R Iowa for membership on the senate agriculture committee The position was one held by the late Sen McNnry R Ore Sen Wil son will give up his membership on the post offices and post roads committee Bricker Says Hes Not Interested in Vice Presidential Nomination By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Ohios Governor John W Brieker told newsmen in New York Tuesday he is not inter ested in the republican vice presidential nomination Bricker who will deliver a campaign speech Tuesday night on foreign policy said he is a candidate for the presidency and intends to continue his campaign on that I basis the crew would not be known pending a check of all planes that left there Tuesday Some eyewitnesses said the bomber exploded in the air while others said it blew up alter strik ing the building sending frag ments 50 feet into the air Parts of the wings and engines settled over sections of a block bounded by Colborne Ottawa Shannon and Smith far from the Canadian National railways old Bonavcnturc station The plane apparently struck coming in over Shannon street wrecking 2 tenement houses Its fuselage came lo rest in a mass of wreckage in which bodies could be seen Flames from the exploded bomber set afire a half buildings One woman removed from a structure by firemen screamed that her children were still inside Two hundred soldiers were Minnesota Partly cloudy Tuesday Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Kair and warmer Tuesday night Wednesday in creasing cloudiness and warm er All tcmpcraturcs above I o w a Iarlly cloudy Tuesday night W c d n e s d a y cloudy showers south and west por tions Warmer Tuesday night rials Holms charged with failure to j to a conscientious objectors camp pleaded his own case hav ng refused the services of a court appointed attorney Others to conic before Judge Graven both charged with failure Lo report for induction were Fran cis M Hosting 20 Waucoma and Kenneth E VVordcn Waterloo After pleading guilty at the morning session Cecil M Picht Waterloo charged with illegal possession of dynamite was fined S25 and costs while Frank R Chil ilers and Al Poire both of Du buquc were fined S25 antl costs each after entering guilty picas to charges of failing tu keep rec ords of liquor sales brought into the area as firemen brought the flames under control Constable Philippe Lemieux patrolling his beat at the time of the crash was hit by the fuselage and killed IOWAN AMONG VICTIMS Ardmorc Okla OJPVNames of II men killed Monday in the crash of a 4motored bomber from Ardmorc army air field were revealed Tuesday by officials The dead included Cpl Victor K Tut j nor radioman Waterloo i night becoming partly cloudy to cloudy Wednesday with show ers southwest portion Wednes day afternoon No important temperature changes IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 43 Minimum Monday night 38 At 8 a m Tuesday 38 YKAR AGO Maximum 7 Minimum 4t Precipitation 02 Bracelets Are Found in Garbage Can in Stunt Mans Joke Hollywood joke that almost backfired turned out sat isfactorily Tuesday when Mrs Clarice Fanchcr wife of a weal thy San Francisco shipyard exe cutive dropped the charges of theft of 2 diamond bracelets against screen stunt man George W Denormand The bracelets valued at 520000 were found in a garbage can They were missed after a party months ago Denormand said he put the bracelets in the garbage can just i to leach her a was only a joke nd there was no fighter opposi ion Tlie raiders of Nancy also aught German aircraft parked on he ground Airmen said forma ions split at each field one force landing areas while the jthers smacked hangars and other buildings Crewmen generally reported no fishier opposition moderate flak vcathcr spotty on the way but car over the targets and good imibhifc results While the heavies and their es cort thundered into eastern France American marauders and havocs with British Bostons attacked military objectives in northern France which have been iioundcd repeatedly in recent days by every type of daylight raider based in Britain Waves of planes of all types drove forward the campaign that has poured 40000 to 5000 tons explosives on Hitlers war machine since midApril Thirty British planes were lost Monday night when the main blows aimed at factories and com munications in Karlsruhe anct Munich Mosquito planes hit DUE sckiorf and other raiders pounded the rail depot at Chambly 20 miles north of Paris a link in the battered rail network supplying theGerman Atlantic wall Mines I also veie laid in enciny waters Reconnaissance slnmccl fires sprcadiiiK over a Inrsc area of Munich nil hour after the main lionihcr force hail left the air ministry said and the attacks there and at Karlsruhe ISO miles to the northwest were well con centrated The raid into Germany was described as in very great slrcnplh The RAF mshl bombers struck following Mondays record con ccrled assaults by more than 3000 bombers and fighters from Britain and Italy against factories and air dromes at Munich Friedrich shafcn Bucharest Ploesti and Belgrade which also tore new gaps in fighter strength The Monday armadas from Britain sent down I0t German planes in air combat and wrecked more aground for a toll of lr2 against losses of 38 bombers and 17 fighters The Mediterranean air force bayycd 2 planes Monday against a loss of 14 but head quarters thcl not specify how many fell in the raids into Ro mania and Yugoslavia Some 4000 tons of bombs were rained on nazi targets Monday in the blows from the west and south U S mustangs lichlmucs and thundcrbolls and KAF mustangs escorting the liberators and fly fortresses to Fricdrichshafen and Munich sent down 66 enemy planes and bomber gunners ac counted for 37 more The bombers blasted factories at Friedrichshafen and airfields in the Munich area and a U S communique declared bombing results were generally very sat isfactory ;