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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 24, 1944, Mason City, Iowa C O if V PEPARTMEHT Of HISTORY AND ARCHIVE HO I HES Ii NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Capyt MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY APRIL 24 1914 This Paper Consists oE Two One NO m One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLU Mason Cily Sunday p m KHMO Hannibal Tuesday p tn KSCJ Sioui Cilr Wednesday p m WSIJ1 Cily Thursday p m WOI Ames Friday p m Eliminating the Causes of War A CHINESE ministry of informa tion spokesman came to town not long ago and in the course of his address made obser vation which in its vast impor tance as a future guide for man kind deserved a worldwide audii ence He said that so Tar as China I is concerned the peace ahead is not going to be a PEACE BASED ON REVENGE It isnt as he pointed out that China doesnt have reason for wanting revenge against her Japa nese invader As a matter of truth Chinas wrongs at the hands of the Nips are Americas multiplied by 100 Without provocation she has seen her lands laid waste Iier cities despoiled her women and in cold blood by thousands and tens of thousands Surely China has every reason for an eternal and unbridled hate BUT THE CHINESE as a race with 50 centuries of unbroken history have a perspective not possible for our western civiliza tion They know from repeated experience that no lasting peace ever hus been built on a founda tion of revenge and hate And the fact that none ever has been leads them as a singularly logicminded people to doubt that any lasting peace ever will be achieved from the revenge approach CHINAS course as this spokes man outlined it will be to ac cept her sufferings and sacrifices of the past dozen years as water over the dam Her leaders recog nize that neither hate nor revenge will put life back into the several million humans sacrificed to Japa nese lust for power Nor will hate and revenge rebuild the cities flattened by enemy bombs Emphasis therefore is going to be placed on eliminating the the causes of future wars Japan is to be forced to disgorge her stolen territory and lorced back to her island as a matter of revenge but because this is deemed a first guarantee against future aggressions The words indemnities and reparations are going to have no place in Chinas postwar dic tionary Another word not in cluded in that dictionary is re prisal SINCE MY Chinese Iriend left Ive done a good bit of think ing about Chinas policy as he outlined it and concluded that it may have some important exem plary value for America Britain and Russia Right at this time there seems not to be the slightest integration in the general peace pattern of the 3 major powers of the united na tions There was a time when the Atlantic Charter drawn up by President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill and later ap proved by Josef Stalin seemedto embody the peace ideals of the allies But tbat time is now past Weve entered into a period of pull and haul with United States and Britain disagreeing on major policies and Russia at odds with both of us CONGRESS NOT TRYING TO END OPA SAYS REED Administration Spreads Hog Wash Declares Senator From Kansas By ALLEN DKURV Washington IUR Sen Clyde M Reed R Kans charged Mon day that the administration is spreading hog wash and engag ing in persistent deception in an attempt to convince the public that there is a congressional drive to abolish price control Testifying before the senate ranking committee on extension of the price control and stabiliza tion acts Reed took sharp issue with OPA Administrator Chester Bowles Stabilization Director Fred Vinson War Mobilize r Jame F Byrnes and War Food Administrator Marvin Jones He said that nut only those 4 officials but nearly everybody else favors continuation of price control and that their efforts lo show otherwise constituted sham battle Reed placed In the record a copy of a letter he wrote Bowles April 20 in which he denounced the food subsidy program and said the OPA chief had engaged in constant deception in telling the public that wages have been held stable He said the average weekly earnings of factory workers in cluding overtime had increased 1M7 per cent between January 1930 and January 1944 while that of industrial workers hus gone up 77 per cent and in the last year he said wages have gone up about 82 cents an hour The outstanding fact is that never in all of our history have the people generally and indus trial workers in particular been so able to pay living expenses out of current income as they are now Reed declared Consequently lie said the sub sidy payments which are bor rowecl from the treasury and will eventually have to be paid back by the taxpayers only defer the day of payment from a time when America is most able to make it A plea that this grocery bill subsidy policy is in the interest of the wage worker is insincere and fallacious Reed asserted He also challenged a statement by Bowles that farm prices have Kone as high as they should for the welfare of the farmer Citing his figures on the rise in income of nonagricultural workers Reed demanded to know the basis for Bowies view that the farm pop ulation should be permanently condemned to a wage and price level lower than the nonfarm population Reed said subsidies had only slight and incidental relation to farm prices and that the fight against inflation should be car ried out by maximum prices ra tioning and vigorous administra tion WFA Freezes All Corn Sales From Elevators Farms for 60 Days Except to Government 80000000 Bushels Needed to Keep Wai Industries Operating Washington war food administration announced Monday that effective at midnight Monday night sales of corn from farms or elevators will be frozen except to the government in 12o commer cial corn producing counties in Nebraska Iowa Minnesota Illi nois and Indiana for a 60day period The government will be the sole purchaser during the 60day period or for a lesser period if the objective of attaining ade quate supplies for essential pro cessors is reached It has been estimated that at least 80000000 bushels of corn is needed to meet the needs of war industries facing shutdowns be cause of lack of sufficient sup plies of the grain The WFA also announced plans for what amounts to a service subsidy in providing corn shelling services at the farm and trans portation to the local elevators hrough contracts with operators of portable shellers Shelling services and transpor tation to the local elevator will be supplied at no cost to the farm er and in addition to these serv ices the farmer will be paid the local elevator ceiling price County and community AAA committeemen will begin imme diately in the designated counties to visit farms to determine the amount of corn available for pur chase by the commodity credit corporation and to arrange for shelling and transportation serv ices NAZI AIRPLANE PLANTS AND OIL FIELDS ARE HIT Friedrichshafen Munich Ploesti and Bucharest Feel Allied Air Might London a 2way blow an American sky force approach ing 2000 heavy bombers and fighters from Britain smashed Gorman plane plants Monday while nn nrinadn of about 1000 more struck from Italy t Bucha rest and Ploesti Romania In perhaps the heaviest coor dinateil attack of the war Britain based heavy bombers struck plane plants and other factories at Friedrichshafen and airdromes near Munich as a formation of perhaps 500 liberators and for tresses and as many protecting fighters roared out of Italy and attacked Balkan objectives Crewmen said they had con siderable success in their attack on the main rail yards at Bucha rest in good weather The attack on rail yards at the oil center of Ploesti highly important to Hit lers war machine was made by big formations of fortresses Other fortresses bombed Hie Belgradelkaiiis aircraft factory in Yugoslavia Early reports said a number of enemy interceptors were destroyed by the Italybased Americans Jump 500 Miles to Land at Hollandia and Aitape BATAAN TRAP HOLDS 140000 BISMARCK ARCHIPELAGO The WFA has received reports bombers and their escorts that several processing plants supplying corn products to war industries have been operating at reduced capacity or have been closed temporarily for lack of orn At the same time Stabilization Director Fred M Vinson Price Administrator Chester B o wl e s and War Food Administrator Marvin Jones said there would be no increase in the ceiling price of he 1943 corn crop The present eiline is a bushel at Chi cago The WFA appealed to farmers n the surplus producing counties to sell to the government all corn not required for the farmers own AAA COMMITTEES AND SHELLERS MEET HERE Members of the township AAA committees and commercial corn shellers of Cerro Gordo county will meet Tuesday evening at oclock in the Mason City AAA office to discuss the new corn or der Chairman Clarence Ijlum and County Committeeman Elmer Krause were in Sioux City Mon day at a state meeting called to clarify the new order House Committee Asks Limitations on OPA and WLB By EDWARD C EISENHART Washington UP A specia congressional OF THE central theses the Atlantic charter were self determination for all peoples and no territorial aggrandizement for victors in the war Its becoming increasingly clear that neither of these principles is likely to be meticulously observed Russia for example is going to be insistent on a liberal interpre tation of what constitutes her traditional boundaries to the west Shes going to dip rather deeply into Poland and Romania shes going to claim the Baltic Latvia Estonia and Lithuania And she may grab some more ter ritory from what is now Finland All of this willbe a violation of the no territorial aggrandize ment pledge In our own country too there is a growing insistence even among those generally classifiable as in ternationalists that the United States retain for defensive pur poses the islands in the Pacific which are now being taken from the Japanese This too would be in violation of the no aggrandize ment pledge Its a case of put ting realism above idealism Great Britain likewise shows no indication of willingness to grant immediate and full independence to India the course that would be forced upon her by a literal carry ing put of the Atlantic charter provision relating to selfdeterm ination Another case of realism above idealism THE situation Is one that brings satisfaction to our isolationists They are smacking their lips and saying I told you so They ac cept these deviations from she At lantic charter as complete proof that man and nations were made Turn U Page 2 committee Monda called for consolidation of the price control and stabilization act with more rigid limitations on tin office of price administration anc sharp new curbs on the war labor of board The recommendations were made in a proposed consolidation bill drafted by the special house committee investigating executive agencies headed by Rep Howard Smith D Va The committee said the price control and stabilization acts en acted separately in 1942 and scheduled to expire June 30 should now be enacted into one cohesive whole with certain amendments to eliminate harsh and unjust provisions j Noting administration requests that both acts be extended in their present form the committee said that such action would in effect ratify every illegal act or mis take committed find will set a precedent for further commission of the same illegal acts or mis takes which the courts will not overturn because of ratification by congress The report acknowledged that the stabilization program thus far has in a measure successfully combatted the peril of inflation but said the agencies involved had often gone far beyond the intent of congress in applying the con trols The committee therefore pro posed that the OPA be limited to applying controls only to those prices which on the basis of spe cific evidence arc rising or threat ening to rise rather than to all prices generally The measure would retain the present Oct 115 1941 base for stabilizing prices but would spe cifically require the OPA needs or for the needs of feeders in their own communities The agency said an exception to the order would permit feed ers who present evidence of im mediate need to apply to their county AAA committees for WFA authorization to purchase and transport a limited supply of corn Purchases made by the Commod ity Credit Corporation will be handled through local elevators Corn owned by feed mixers can be used by them in the manufac ture of mixed feed in amounts not in excess of the average used by them during the corresponding period in 1942 and 1943 This pro vision becomes effective May 1 Counties in which the corn pur chase program is effective in clude Earth Brown Chippewa Cottonwood Faribault Jackson Lac Qui Parle Lincoln Lyon Martin Murray Nobles Pipestone Redwood R c n v i 11 e Rock Watonwan Yellow Medi cine Boonc Bucna Vista Calhoun Carroll Cerro Gordo Cherokee Clay Crawford Dalla Dickinson Emmet Frank lin Fremont Greene Grimily Guthrie Hamilton Hancock Hardin Harrison Humboldt Ida Jasper Kossuth Lyon Marshall Mills M o n o n a Montgomery OBrien Osccola Page Palo Alto Plymouth Pocahontas Polk Pot t a w a 11 a m i c Poweshick Sac Shelby Sioux Story Tama Web ster Winnebago W o o d b u r y Wright The resoundins 2way offensive was carried out on the 10th straight day of American heavy bomber operations The assault on German objec tives was carried out in goad weather which while aiding bom bardiers to lay their explosives on the targets the Germans a better chance u challenge these latest blows in the historymakin campaign to drive the Germanair force from the sky The German radio said the American bombers and fighters were engaged by mtzi defenders even before they crossed the bor der and fierce battles were fought over southern Germany Early of ficial American reports did not mention Mondays losses in the greatest aerial offensive of all lime The Berlin broadcast said Italy based bombers had penetrated Romania and declared they were met by German and Romanian planes over Serbia and Romania Very strong forces of Ameri can mustangs lightnings and thunderbolts of the 8th and 9th air 13 BOMBERS LAND IX SWITZERLAND Bern Switzerland teen American bombers landed Monday at Dubcndorf Switzer land another at Geneva one at AHenrheim near the German frontier and several crashed a Swiss communique said COR Ijsraiu GREATEST AMPHIBIOUS map shows the location of the 2 new invasion thrusts arrows by forces of Gen Douglas MacArtliur who termed it the greatest amphibious operations in the history of the southwest Pacific war Aitape and Hollandia were the 2 Jap bases hit forces as well as RAF mustangs COMFORT CASE STILL ACTIVE Investigating Grand Jury Still in Session Washington The depart ment of justice said Monday that a case in which former Senator Clyde L Herring Iowa democrat and Frank J Comfort democratic national committeeman from Iowa were concerned still is under ac tive investigation The department siid the grand jury which was instructed to look into the case still was in session Herring testified before the grand jury late last year during an inquiry growing out of a con gressional investigation of the Brewster Aeronautical corpora tion Comfort went to Washington in connection with the grand jury probe but whether he testified was not disclosed The case cen tered around a 505000 fund al leged to have been raised by 4 airplane companies seeking an amendment of the 1940 revenue act to reduce their taxes A report read at a congressional hearing stated that of the fund went to Comfort Comfort termed the payment a fee for scvrices he had rendered Herring said he introduced the amendment to the act at the request of friend and buid it was designed only for clarification guarded the heavy bombers from Britain an American announce ment said As the campaign by heavy bom bers swung into its 10th straight day marauder mediums of the 9th U S air force struck twice across the channel at targets in France and Belgium Other planes of various types shuttled across the channel in the morning and afternoon attacking antiinvasion installations These raids followed RAF night smashes in Belgium and western Germany The Vichy radio said Lille rail road center in northern France was being evacuated The railroad yards have been hit frequently and hard of late and the citys airfields were among targets of j New Jersey among 6 American fighterbombers Sun1 which have joined day Simplified Tax1 Bill Brought Into Congress Washington UR Chairman liobert L Doughton D N Car of the house ways and means com mittee introduced the tax sim plification bill Monday and said the house will consider it May 3 Speaker Sam Rayburn said that he hoped it would be sent quickly to the senate so that branch of congress may get busy on it He said the bill has many good fea tures The bill approved by the com mittee Saturday would combine present normal and surtax rates into a single graduated surtax schedule and replace the present victory tax with a new 3 per cent normal tax Under its provisions the 30 000000 or so persons who earn up to 55000 a year in wages and sal aries and who do not receive more than S100 in nonwithholding sources would be relieved ot all need of computing their taxes in filing returns Such taxpayers would simply mail to the internal revenue bu reau the withholding receipt given by their employers after xvriling down their dependents and the amount of their other income The internal revenue bureau would figure who owed whom after that SuperSize Battleship New Jersey Joins Fleet Washington fP The super size battleship New Jersey is in commission a report by Admiral Ernest J King commander in chief ol the fleet disclosed Mon day King included tlic 45000ton battleships the fleet since Pearl Harbor adopt those prices rather than simply to give them due consid eration Adjustments would be authorized lo allow for increases or decreases in costs or profits Rent control would be made more flexible by permittins ad justments in areas where orig inal rent fixiiic was unfair and by empowering rent directors to adjust individual ceilings under certain specific conditions The present court review pro cedure under which individuals can seek legal action against spe cific OPA regulations would be amended by the committee to rej turn to the district courts the jurisdiction of which they were to I deprived by the act All appeals He said the others were tiic Dakota Indiana Massa chusetts Alabama and Iowa from decisions of the price ad ministrator are now heard by a special OPA court BLENCOE SCHOOLS CLOSED BlciHctc schools have been ordered closed until Wed nesday because continued rains have made side roads impassable for school buses VV caHlCl An air ministry communique said British heavy bombers had pounded an important signal equipment depot at Bilvorde 6 miles east of Brussels during the right while speedy plywood mos Buy War Savings Bonds and quitos lashed at the German in Stamps from your GiobcGazctlc clustrial center of Mannheim j carrier boy Six planes were listed as ing from the overnight operations which also included minelaying in enemy waters It was the Blh time since the first of the month that the British heavy bombers had been over the continent at night The raids ap parently were not carried out in the force however of the recent smashing 1000 planes assaults German planes showered incen diaries on an unidentified town along Englands southwestern coast Sunday night and early Monday setting fire to a number of houses but the damage was of ficially described as slight Five of the raiders were shot down FORECAST Mostly fair Monday night and Tuesday Colder east and central portions Monday night and slightly warmer Tuesday Diminishing winds Monday night Mason Cily Partly cloudy and colder Monday night Lowest temperature 30 Tuesday partly cloudy warmer in afternoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday GO Minimum Sunday night 40 At 8 a m Monday 10 Rain 62 inch ALLIES AT ANZIO REPULSE NAZIS Activity Elsewhere Only Patrols and Artillery Allied Headquarters Naples Ifli Allied troops have repulsed 2 Ger man thrusts against the Anzio b c a c h h c a d headquarters an nounced Monday as activity else where along the Italian front re mained limited to patrol clashes and artillery duels One of the unsuccessful thrusts against the beachhead was made in company strength around Ca vano in the central sector The other was an infiltration attempt southwest of Carroccto 21 miles below Rome West of Mount Marronc mile high peak 15 miles northeast of Cassino held by Italian troops al lied patrols probed and engaged the Germans at a point where lit tle opposition had been shown previously MacArthur Watches as American Forces Gain in Surprise Landings By K1CIIAK1 C BEKG1IOLZ Associated Tress War Editor American forces jumped 500 nilcs up the New Guinea coast Saturday grabbed healthy chunks out of 2 of Japans most treas ireti strongholds in New Guinea ind dug in for expected suicidal counterattacks by hopelessly trapped and outsmarted Japa nese soldiers Gcii Douglas AfacArthurs lieadquarters Monday announced the greatest amphibious opera lion in the history of the south west Pacific war said troops which landed near Aitape have captured the important Tadji air drome and reported that forces which landed 150 miles north west at Humboldt and Tanah nierah bays have struck deeply into the intricate defenses that make up the big 1apiuicse base of ilollandia So powerful was the blow and so complete the surprise that great stores of supplies were cap urccl when the outnumbered neiny defenders took to the hills n d MacArthurs communique nnouncing that 60000 more Japa icse troops in the southwest Pa ilic are now cut off from their upply lines triumphantly trum peted This reverses Bataau Two years ago MacArthur es caped from the Philippines after supcrior enemy forces trapped his American and Filipino soldiers on Bataan peninsula after the fall of Manila He has vowed to return lo the Philippines Significantly Hollnnrlins airfields would put American bombers within strik ing range of the southern tip of the islands MacArtliur went ashore both at Hollnndia and at Aitape Saturday after assault forces swept ashore virtually unopposed and d rove quickly inland Not a plane cluillcngccl the American landings and not a ship of the IIUBC naval task force from Adm Chester W NimiUs Paci fic fleet which included aircraft carriers was lost Less than 1000 Japanese are estimated to have been stationed at Aitupe but allied commanders expect the approximately 14000 Nipponese trapped between the jaws ol the nutcracker drive for lo make a determined counterattack Time and combat will be re quired to accomplish the annihi lation of the trapped Japanese but their ultimate fate is now cer tain MacArthur said The strategic step toward the Philippines coincided with the an nouncement at allied southeast Asia headquarters that substan tial forces have been flown into allied aerial beachheads ii Japans jungle defenses of northern Bur ma tu reinforce allied al ready cliukins off the enemys im Oldcr men physifiilly unfit forj lortalll northsouth supply lines icrvice in the armed forces and Burma a complete unit ot women can and must replace these guerrilla fighters young men at the luthes and on the tractors he saiil It may not lc an easy replacement but the only other alternative is to deny the armed forces the young OLDER FATHERS MAYSTAYHOME Older Men and Women Must Do WorkHershey Washington URI Selective service officials were reportec Sunday night to he drafting a re vised blueprint that may defei for the rest of the year prePear Harbor fathers over 30 employee in essential activities but Draf Director Lewis B Hcrshcy si multaneously reemphasized Ilia physically fit men tinder ii essential occupations must be in dueled to meet army and nav manpower demands The services require 40000 additional men by the end of th year Production may suffer Her shey said in a radio broadcas but the armed force must not be denied the right I i have these young potential fightj crs I am certain that industry and agriculture will carry on without them He pointed out that men becom ing 18 each tiOOOO adequate to fill only a minor part of each months rcpuircmcnt of an estimated 150000 This will make it mandatory he said to draw on the 1000000 men under lii now deferred of whom he csli i mated liOOOOO would puss induc lion physicals men they need as reinforcements to those men who arc fifrhtin on the liaftlefronts throughout tlic world for the preservation of this nation Draft officials are compiling an inventory of men available in each j substantial classification and the figures are j iccn employing fantastic new allied tactics of infiltration by air has firmly established a defense box squarely across n northsouth rail road deep behind the enemy lines it vns disclosed Monday Allied headquarters announcing the latest stroke to cut Japanese supply lines to Myitkyina chief enemy base in north Burma and to their invasion thrust in India allied forces hail flown n to reinforce expected to show that 19H re1 llrculv lcralinK over a quiremcnls can be supplied from fronl morc loa mics ujdc 20ft men under 30 unless the western miC Bllrrn1 front and other projected military j Meanwhile the communique in opeiations cause an unusually j iiclej Japanese in filtration jungle cidcd heavy drain on fighting forces YKAH AGO Maximum Minimum id Opponents in Cabinet Kiss Emanueles Hand At the Seal of the Italian Government Piet ro Badoglios new cabinet Mon day took the oath of allegiance to King Vittorio Emanuclc and in the traditional Italian manner I he members several of whom had recently demanded his abdication kissed the sovereigns hand as a 71 token of appreciation for his bc 39 slowal of power upon them MohawkSwoledale Game Is Postponed The scheduled baseball game between Mason City and Swale dale originally carded to be played here Monday at 6 oclock has been postponed because of wet grounds No date has been set for its replaying The Alohawk card for the mender of the week there here there Grove here tactics through the were meeting with a de hcck in the invasion of ndiu The announcement said the IvohimaDitnapur road had been cleared and relief of the Kohima garrison completed thereby dis sipating tlic enemy threat to the Bengal Assam railway which feeds American air forces in China Heavy fighting was reported rc i around Imphal 60 miles south j where Japanese are stilt trying to break through Krilish defenses of the ridi Iniphal plain and along the BishcnpurSilchar trail narrow treacherous track run ning from Imphal to a spur of the important allied supply line the BengalAssam railroad In China Japans army fought loose the Chinese ANOTHER KINNICK IN NAVY Omaha tfP George William Kinnick 17 was sworn into the navv V12 officer training proi savagely to tear gram Saturday at the Omaha of Sip on the PeipingHankow rai ficc of procurement George is a Wi wls reported by ne Cni i brolhtr of the late Nile Kinnick llthc be anting in the Miburos I Iowa university football star who of Chrnshfion I was killed last summer when his j MacArthurs triumphant com I plane crashed at sea I muniquc Monday said 140000 ;