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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 23, 1943, Mason City, Iowa HAVE YOU BOUGHT YOUR FULL SHARE COUP DEPART KENT OF HISTORY AN fZfu i E S M 0 i L j THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NOKTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PRESS UNITED PRESS FUIX LEASED WIRES MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY APRIL 23 1943 7HIS PAPER CONSISTS or TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE HOME EDITION UUUT TINS NO 168 DOWN 20 6 MOTORED NAZI PLANES Most of U S Diplomats Leave Finland SHOWDOWN ON FINN STAND IS BELIEVED NEAR Tension Reported as Allies and Germans Put on More Pressure By EDWIN SHANKE STOCKHOLM Wj Six clerks from the United States legation at Helsinki arrived in Stockholm oil a special plane Friday and left only a skeleton diplomatic staff in Finland as the whole question of whether thai nation is going to string along with Germany mili tarily seemed headed lor a show dovn With the clerks were their fami lies Only dAffairs Iloberl mills McClintock and one clerk remained hi the expensive co lonial style red brick legation in Helsinki built by the United States as a sign of good rela tions between he two countries which arc now so strained The withdrawal of the bulk of the staff climaxed weeks of sketchy reports of tension in Fin land during which the country was subjected to heavy German pressure Censorship was clamped on all political dispatches out of Finland Reports from Helsinki indicated that such a crisis might go far in determining Finlands position in the war which she is fighting against soviet Russiais well as her with the United States German pressure on the Finns was said to be increasing The Berlin radio said Friday in a broadcast ot a dispatch from Stockholm that the staff of the United States legation in Helsinki left the Finnish capital Friday afternoon for Stockholm It said one woman secretary and a telephone operator were the only ones left in the legation building could be said so far about the reason for the depar ture it added H F Arthur Schoenfeld U S minister to Helsinki returned to Washington last December State department officials in Washington described the action simply as an administrative move Unofficial quarters in London interpreted the sudden departure of the main body of the American staff as a strong hint to the Fin nish government to break with the axis and make a separate peace while there was yet time The British foreign office de clined comment McClintock said al he knew was thnt he had been instructed to send the legation staff to Stockholm immediately His wife who had been staying in the Swedish capital flew here today to join her husband The foreign office said its no tice of the American decision came Thursday U S OFFICIALS SAY MOVE ADMINISTRATIVE WASHINGTON de partment officials confirming Helsinki reports of the departure of some personnel of the United States legation described Ihc ac tion Fridai as an administrative move All questions on the possible bearing of such a move on United States relations with Finland met with the reply lliit he state de partment had nothing new on that subject Officials likewise would not disclose exactly which members of the legation staff had left the Finnish capital The latest official list however shows hat most of those remain ing in Finland prior to Fridays development were military naval attaches Sioux Gtyan Charged With Counterfeiting DUBUQUE Good 58 Sioux City slereotypcr was brought toDubuquc Thursday night by Deputy Marshals Rob ert Diley and Embert Berge mcycr for arraignment in federal court next week Good was In dicted by a federal grand jury in Ccdar Rapids oil charges of making possession and passing oi counterfeit money TANK LINEUP DOWN UNDER Somewhere in Australia these General Grant and General Stuart tanks together with their drivers are lined up for formal inspection U S Reveals Occupation of Ellice Isles in South Pacific Communique Tells of Jap Bombing Raid on American Installations WASHINGTON lion of islands in the Ellice group in the south Pacific by United States forces was disclosed by the navy Friday in a communi que teliing of an raid on American installations there The Ellice group is approxi mately 1100 miles east of the Solomon islands and lie on sup ply lines to the south Pacific and Australia This little island groups of nine atolls last was mentioned in a navy communique in October 1342 when it told of a surface engagment there It was assumed then that the Japanese had moved in possibly with land positions Fridays communique said that light casualties to American per sonnel were suffered and minor damage was inflicled in the bombing raid Funafuti the scene of the bombing is the largest island in the group Its width varies from 50 to 150 yards and it is about 68 miles long The whole island is covered with coconut palms and the prin cipal xillage is at an anchorage beside a lagoon Naval spokesman said that the occupation of the island by United States forces was unopposed The elate of occupation was not given It was assumed that it thc Japa nese were on that island they were only in small and isolated groups HEADS GOP WOMEN NEW YORK Ruther Baker Pratt former U S repre sentative and until recently a New York state member of the republican national committee is the new president of the Wom ens National Republican club Weather Report FORECAST MASON much change in temperature Friday afternoon Cooler Friday night Lowest Fri day night in Mason City 23 Not much change in temperature Saturday forenoon IOWA Cooler in cast slightly cooler in west portion Friday night little temperature change Saturday forenoon MINNESOTA Cooler extreme southeast otherwise continued cool Friday night warmer Sat urday forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 64 Minimum Thursday night 39 At 8 a m Friday 47 40 inch 75 44 TEAR Maximum Minimum SERBS WAGING FULL SCALE WAR Guerillas Reinforced With Tanks Planes BERN Switzerland The unconquered guerilla army of Jugoslavia reinforced with air planes tanks and armored trains waging fullscale war against axis troops iu rugged up land terrain adjoining the Adria tic according to a dispach from Budapest Quoting a Zngreb report lo thc newspaper Magyar Nemzet the dispatch declared veritable war is under way in the Bosnia and Hercegovinn regions of western Seibia Strong axis operations against the guerilla forces of Gen Draja Mihailovich are necessary to safeguard this bastion of the continent against possible allied invasion the report added The size of the operations was indicated by an Italian admission that in that area last month 1653 Italians were killed or wounded and another 18G2 were missing German forces are engaged too but there has been no announce ment of losses The Budapest dispatch said bit ter battles had been waged be tween the men of the forest and GermanItalianCroatian troops A particularly bloody battle was reported fought on Yan Planina mountain at an altitude of more than 6500 feet on the Bosnia Hercegovina border Jeffers and Army Chiefs Argue on Gas WASHINGTON was called on Friday to referee a bitter tugofwar between mili tary authorities who want to bomb nazi Europe to a pulp and Rubber Director William M Jetfers who wants to keep both military and civilian machines rolling on synthetic tires V Jeffers demanded and got an investigation Thursday aft er Undersecretary of War Pat terson was quoted as saying that the aerial offensive was being retarded because mate rials needed to produce avia tion gasoline were being di verted to the rubber program f Chairman Gillette D Iowa of the senate agriculture sub committee announced his group would investigate the dispute at once Petroleum Administrator Ickcs backed up Pattersons reported stand with the assertion that the 100 octane gasoline program had been given a sock in the jaw by an increase in materials and equipment ordered for the rub ber plants several months ago by Economic Stabilization Director James F Byrnes This contention over the dif ferent programs is seriously ham pering the war effort Gillette declared All of the facts ought to be developed and we shall call the officials who can give us those facts Jeffers said the statements attributed to Patterson and Ickes are serious and might contribute to the comfort of he enemy and for that reason call for an immediate airing of the facts Potfersons aicies quoted him as calling a shortage of 100 octane gasoline the choke point in ef forts to step up the allied air of fensive against Europe Unless drastic action is taken soon his aides said he weels that there can be no question but what our offensive will be materially weak ened While the Gillette committee appeared ready to take the in quisitorial initiative Senator Bur ton R Ohio said he believed other members of the Truman war investigating committee also stood ready to act if necessary GERMAN FORCE Will Contmue IN KUBAN AREA IS REINFORCED TASilANSEA MEW ZEALAND South Quota Restrictions on Recapping of Truck Tires Are Removed WASHINGTON di rected ration boards Friday to re move on May 1 quoin restrictions on recapping of truck tires The agency said after consultation svith Rubber Director William M Jeffevs who said recapping ma terials were available for thc pro gram that it was better to pro vide recapping as soon as needed rather than risk ruin of some cas ings that might be driven beyond the recapping point o Possessions ltd Areas Antipodes L Hundreds of Planes Shifted to Crimea for Nazi Assaults MOSCOW Germans hourly have reinforced their land armies in the Kuban and hove shifted hundreds of their bomber and fighter planes into the Crimea for use in the north Caucasian battles but despite incessant at tacks by these new forces the Ger mans have failed to dent the Rus sian lines it was declared Fri day Ked Star the army newspa per said the nazis were em ploying numerous Rumanian troops and that during the last few days had forced them to spearhead the assaults which arc costing them hundreds of dead The noon communique told of 500 of the enemy slaughtered in two Kuban seelors alone in the last 12 hours The German communique said thc nazi air force carried out a heavy attack Thursday night against the soviet Black sea port of Poti described as a naval base The communique said no fight ing of importance took place on the whole eastern front Thurs North of Chuguev on the Don ets river a group of Germans at tempted to cross to the easteri bank but soviet gunfire mowec1 them down at the waters edge Dozens of dead were left on the bank it was asserted This no effort lo cross the Donets in force but appeared to be an attempt by a strong scout in party to establish a foothold on thc Russianheld bank and hold it until reinforcements ar rive if if if But the battle of the Kuban re mained the principal conflict The Germans are employing their reinforced armies from the region of Novorossisk to the Sea of Azov The dry ground in the Crimea was furnishing the German air force with striking bases Hein kclIlls JunkersSBs and Junk ers87s as well as a new squad ron of Messerschmitts are attack ing the Russian positions in groups of 15 and 20 Rod Star said Buy War Savings Bonds avil Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy w w v National Want Ad Week April 19 to 24 Incl New steel desks baby buggies sinks water heaters ranges refrigerators sewing machines and hundreds of other items have gone to war thats why its so easy to SELL a used article through an inex pensive FOR SALE Want Acl thats Ihe way to get EXTRA CASH for War Bonds During National Want Ad Week April 19 to 24 inclusive 8 Insertions for he price of 5 Insertions for the price of 3 Phone 3800 Remember GlobeGazette Want Ads Bring Results High Altitude Day Raiding WASHINGTON ugh altitude daylight bombing of nazi war industry from British jases appears certain to be con tinued despite some questioning jmong British press commenta tors of its effectiveness due lo re cent indicated plane losses In thc light of figures made public by Under Secretary of War Patterson on he recent Bremen raid there remains no doubt that official Washington holds the losses justified by strategic and tactical results obtained as well as the new demonstration of integral defensive power ol the big heavy armed American planes Sixteen of hem were lost on that flight but revised figures show they shot 95 of an estimated 150 nazi interceptor planes out of action 03 of which definitely were destroyed That adds up to a score of Gto1 for the unescorted big ships although they were spotted an hours flight from their tar get the FockeWulf aircraft fac tory at Bremen Despite strong opposition the bombers broke through to destroy or damage substantially half the great works MNUTT ORDER STANDS FIRM Merely Carries Out F R Job Shift Ruling WASHINGTON man power commission officials said Friday it would be difficult to soften Chairman Paul V McNutls jobwage control order without i change in President Roosevelts directions lo holdlhelinc against inflation These officials who asked lo remain anonymous contend that McNutts order whiclv has drawn fire from both AFL and CIO ranks merely carried out the presidents instructions to prevent jobshifts at higher pay unless they aid in thc cffcclive prosecu tion of Ihc war They expressed the view Hint thc labor protests voiced most strongly thus far by AFL Presi dent William Green and the CIO United Auto Workers executive board were aimed more at what the president directed than at what McNutt did McNutts order forbade the 27 000000 workers in agriculture nnd other essential activities to take higher paying jobs with new employers except under WMC regulations which require releases from former employers or if these refuse from thc WMC At present thc releases can be granted only in thc 60odd com munities where the WMC has sel up employment stabilization pro grams but McNutt has promised to provide for release of workers outside the stabilized areas WMC officials said the only way McNutts order could be modified to meet labor objections would be through broadening the definition of what jobshifts aid in the effective prosecution of the war JAPANESE USE NEW TYPE PLANE Improved Craft Brought Out Dispatches Indicate GENERAL MACARTHURS HEADQUARTERS Australia UR field dispatch said Friday thc Japanese had brought in new and improved planes in their bid for Pacific aerial supremacy as a possible prelude to a new drive toward Australia Reconnaissance flyers scoiiling the New Guinea north coast re ported a sharp increase in aerial activity in the area and said they met Japanese fighters dif ferent from the familiar zero They werent the usual type al all said William llazzard of Birmingham Ala I wouldnt be surprised if olhcr new types put in an appearance Hnzzard and Lieut F B French of Artesia N iUex who also en countered the new planes said they could be either nowlycie fighters or improved zeros Reports of thc new planes fol lowed recent warnings by south west Pacific leaders that n major Japanese offensive may begin soon Gen Douglas MacArthurs fly ers continued their attacks on enemy bases and installations in the 2500miIc island arc north of Australia A noon communique said medi um bombers dropped explosives on islands and villages along the south const of Nassau bay cans ing heavy damage at tacked lies only 10 miles south of the enemy base at Salamauu on thc east New Guinea const Other planes attacked enemy positions in the Tanimbar and Aroe islands and the area of New Guinea during Thurs days forays A reconnaissance plane escaped after a 150mile runninc fight with four inter cepting enemy flyers starting at Kavienff Xew Irclind MacArthurs flyers kept a con stant lookout to ward off any ene my offensive paying special at tention lo thc 1000mile from from Rabau and Kavieng across to Wcwak which appeared ilcvcl FIGHT WITH BIG PLANES LASTS BUT 10 MINUTES Large Craft and 10 Axis Fighter Craft Drop Quickly into Gulf By WES GALLAGHER ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA Brit ish eighth army has captured Takrouna and pushed six miles from Enfidaville toward Bou Ficha in twin drives northward and the Britisii first army has stabbed ahead three miles against stubborn axis resistance in the Bou Arada sector 011 thc western Tunisian front it was announced Friday These gains aground were coupled with ucriul action dur ing which Kittyhawks and spit fires shot down every one of 20 sixciifiined Mcsserschmitt 323s some carrying troops and others laden with freight and ten ot their escorting fighters encoun tered over thc Gulf of Tunis The Giant Mcsserschmilt trans ports which dwarf such carriers as the Junkers 52s upon which Field Marshal Erwin Rommel has relief largely for reinforcements oping as the main Japanese base on north New Guineas coastline Reconnaissance showed in creased enemy activity at Ma dang southeast of Wcivak and experts figured that the Japanese were trying to set up enough bases to allow rapid transfers of their air strength when necessary Frank Hewlett United Press correspondent stationed in New Guinea said evidence ot New Japanese tactics also hid ap peared It included an antiper sonnel bomb fixed to explode aboul 200 feet above ground and rain steel fragments over a wide area This bomb was reported iirsl used in raids on Port Mor esby Coast Industry Jumps SAN FRANCISCO Cat Thc war has superimposed on Cal ifornias essentially agricultural economy an industrial economy that promises lo exceed the iner Thc value of Californias manufactured products has risen from S27D8178000 in Ifti to S8 Buy War Savings Bonris ami 1500000000 in 134 Aircraft and Stamps from your GlobeGazette ships account for n large percentI carrier boy I agc ot thc incrca5C I Messerschmitt 323 Plane Has Wing Span of 180 Feet ALLIED HEADQUARTERS North Africa mam moth Mcsscrsehmitl323 trans port plane isa highwing mono plane with a wins span of 180 feet which the Germans devel oped from thc McrseBerg1 glider 1hf has six French made Gnome Rhone engines and can attain a maximum speed of 160 miles an hour It has a ranffc of 450 miles It is armed with machine guns The plane can carry 120 fully equipped men or about 22000 pounds of freight It has folding benches along thc sides of the fuselaKe and another row of backtoback scats down thc center of both decks It is thc largest aircraft used in this war and has nearly twice the whiff span of thc American flying fortress or Britisii Hali fax both fourengine types and supplies arc designed lo carry 120 soldiers or almost 10 tons of cargo Thc transports were carrying gasoline and personnel lo Tuni sia nnci thc entire formation was destroyed an official state ment said Briton Australians and South Africans maimed the Kittyhawks and spitfires which sent the Mcsscrschmitl transports and the 10 axis fighters to destruc tion The Mcsserschmilt arc thc largest planes in operation in this war They are highwinycti mono planes with a wing span almost twice that ol thc American flying fortresses which measure 103 tcet nine inches Some of thc gasoline carriers burned a long time after they went down an official statement said From those carrying personnel scores of troops were seen to climb out and struggle desperately in Ihe sea i said Allhouffh not miuy aircraft were shot down the size and importance of this victory ranks the success of last Sunday when 71 enemy planes including 58 Junkers 5trans ports were destroyed in one engagement thc air force an nounced Thc Junkers r2 is designed to carry 1C to 20 soldiers or pounds of cargo U is powered by three engines In all 38 axis planes were shot down during the diy against an announced loss of five allied air craft Thc battle wilh the transports regarded here as the most im portant stroke against crciny sup ply linei since thc start of war lasted less than 10 minutes Flames burst from many of thc great carriers as they were hit by the fighter bursts AH the transports and thc 10 fighters dropped in thc sparkling gulf thc sea approach lo Tunis Troops who broke clear the wreckage were seen stmealing in Ihc water Thc ground action again was on a large scale ft Gen K X Anderson attacked on a ninemile front between Goubrllal and Bou Artuta south of and pushed caslxvard three lo tighten Ihc pressure unnn thc ;