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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 22, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AKO ARCHIVE MOINE3 I THE NEWSPAPIR THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTlbN lgg MMANDOS RAID NEAR BOULOGNE Execute 90 as Protests to Laval Rise NAZIS DECLARE ATTACKS MADE AGAINST ARMY Underground Conflict Expected by London to Reach New Intensity By JOE ALEX MORRIS United Press Foreign Editor A ruthless new struggle be tween nazi conquerors and anti axis terrorists spread from France to Norway Wednesday as the unit ed nations battled to break up Adolf Hitlers preparations for 1942 offensives The underground conflict cen tered in France where the re turn of Pierre Laval to power and the execution of about 90 persons in recent days was fol lowed by a German official statement that there had been a great number of communist at tacks on nazi troops The attempt to throw blame for the attacks on the communists and a report that Laval was preparing to renew wholesale arrests of anti axis elements on the pretext of fighting communism were regard ed in London as preludes to the most severe campaign of repres sion yet launched in occupied Eu rope The campaign it was believed was prompted by Hitlers difficul ties in mustering strength for new offensives in Russia and else where and also as a part of the F aazl effort to strerigthenuwestern European defertses against an al lied attack The terroristic developments were most severe in France but also were reported from Bel gium Holland and Norway while on the northern front the Finns were reported facing in creasing difficulties because of strong Russian attacks that Mos cow said had pushed the weak ened enemy back on three sec tors on the Finnish front In France terrorists killed sergeant named Holland of the antibolshevik forces mustered Paris and in retaliation the German occupation authorities clamped down an entertainment curfeiv until Friday night Thirty hostages already have been exe cuted at Rouen 20 at St Nazaire 35 at Calais and several at scat tered towns in retaliation for acts of sabotage or terrorism Eighty otters face execution at Rouen Thursday unless persons who wrecked a train and killed 44 German soldiers are captured The underground fight against the Germans and against Laval appeared to be growing however and there were reports of sporadic terrorist outbreaks including the sinking ofa ship at Etaples and burning of a tanker at Calais Laval who was Relieved to be taking over under German guid ance the task of crushing opposi tion in France conferred with Hitlers agent Otto Abctz in Pans at a time when French war veterans were reported sending theirdecorations back to the gov ernment by the hundreds in pro European Radios Claim U S Flyers Fell Into Jap Hands State Yanks Unable to Reach Free China After Raiding Tokio hostages held under death sen tence at St Nazaire where towns people aided British commando in their spectacular raid on ths nazioccupied base March 28 The Paris announcement the victims described as com munists Jews and accomplice were shot in reprisal for allege assassination attempts agains German soldiers on April 2 8 an Advices reaching Bern Switz erland said that tKe St Nazaire hostages including several prominent residents had been sentenced to be shot but that the executions were put off as a re sult of Vichys intervention Smouldering fires of revo against the nazi conquerors wei reflected anew as German au thorities in Paris clamped down a U p m curfew and ordered a public places closed in the occupie capital until S a m Friday The Germans said these meas ures were taken in reprisal for Ih assassination of a German soldic m Paris Monday night RUSSIANS BREAK THROUGH FINN LINES In the Russian campaign sovic dispatches reported that the re army had broken a second hoi through Finnish front lines i Karelia northeast of Leningrac rinifing six miles deep into posi tions manned by reserves An Associated Press correspond ent who flew over the long battle front reported that the winte snowline was rolling steadil lorth laying bare a large part o the fighting arena r The correspondent said the soviet Caucasus probable target of Adolf Hitlers longawaited spring offensive was already hard and dry under a warm sun Coincidenially a Berlin broad cast denied that any official naz spokesman ever prophesied tha he German offensive would star n April declaring the date woulc be determined solely by th fuehrer Nonaxis reports recently hav said Hitlers plans for a spring re newal of blitz had been delayed several months by shake morale terrific losses in the iian winter campaign and destruc ive blows delivered by the RAF against Germanys vital war foun dries in the reich w Hitlers field headquarters as serted that German and Ru manian troops in the Donets riv er industrial basin in the Ukraine had captured a series of reinforced soviet strong Points and declared that Rus sian attacks had been beaten off on the Moscow and Leningrad fronts lest against Lavals return to power The British radio also re ported that Marshal Henri Phil ippe Petain had received in the mail hundreds of envelopes con taining torn photographs of him self In unoccupied France it has been required that every store and cafe display a photograph of the old marshal usually in the win dow Hitler evidently was scekinc to crush terrorist activities in connection with his efforts lo bolster defenses against a pos sible allied invasion in the wcsl but refugee officials in London said that sabotage was increas ing both in Holland and Bel Kium and that there had been numerous recent clashes in oc cupied territories including Slo vakia In Norway it was reported that three men had fired on German troops and that in retaliation 100 hostages had been seized by the Gelmans who also were working furiously to improve defense po sitions along the Norwegian coast especially in the Narvik and Trondheim sectors Clamp Down on Paris Curfeiv By THE ASSOCMTED PRESS German authorities In Paris announced the execution of more French hostages Wednesday even as Frances Vichy regime was re ported seeking a reprieve for 20 i Get Sympathy rrom Police When He Reports Robbery PHOENIX Ariz W Spain didnt find many sympa thetic police cars when he gave details of his robbery I woke up and found a man sitting on my bed related Spain did you do then quer ied the police htlle while Spain we talked a then I turned over and went lo sleep In the morning I found my billfold cone Weather Report FORECAST CITY Much warmer cdnesday night warmer Thursday forenoon increasing winds becoming fresh to moder ately strong IOWA Warmer Wednesday and Thursday forenoon In creasing winds becoming fresh to moderately strong except strong at times in northwest portion MINNESOTA Warmer south and cast portions Wednesday night becoming cooler with scattered showers northwest portion late Wednesday night or Thursday strong winds west and fresh to moderately strong winds east portion Wednesday afternoon and evening IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 74 Minimum Tuesday night 40 At 8 a m Wednesday 51 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 31 32 LONDON radio stations including that at Bern in neutral Switzerland carried re ports Wednesday that several United States flyers who raided Japan last weekend sought after ward to reach bases in free China but were forced to make ency landings and fell into Jap anese hands The Bern radio crediting the report to a Japanese spokesman in Tokio said only that the fivers svere captured after making emergency landings but did not say where A Vichy news agency broadcast quoted by Reuters at tributing the account to a Japa nese army spokesman in Shang hai said the U S planes came down in Japaneseoccupied China and that the flyers would be laken to Shanghai to meet news paper correspondents ft K It is believed here hat free China bases nearest Tokio prob ably are at Lishui in southeast Chekiang province some 1350 miles from the Japanese capi tal The Japanese air force has raided Lishui heavily several times recently rvne a report by DNB from Tokio quoted Lieut Co Kunio Akiyama Japanese military spokesman as declaring Saturdays air raids caused verv little damage 13 planes wen h Jf FHhe Stated and most of bombs dropped were incendiaries a dozen houses were destroyedm ToKioTie salef Other places raided were Kobe Yokohama and Nagoya AXIS WARNS AGAINST SPREADING OF ETBIORS B Ell LIN From German Berlin broadcast this dispatch Wednesday dafelined Tokio The spreading of rumors in connection with events of a mili henceforth be a offense according to Hear Italy May Back Peace Plan LONDON possible new phase of an axis peace offensive already launched by Japan wit an unofficial trial balloon de veloped Wednesday as round about reports asserted that secre negotiations were under way in Italy for a separate peace A dispatch from Ankara Tur key to the London News Chrbn icle quoted a Rome diplomat message as authority for the re port The dispatch said the recen exchange of British and Italiar prisoners and other incidents hac encouraged the Italians to be licve that Britain still does no hate the Italians in the manner m which the nazis are loathed and despised njov me uuimng of the summer months when the Germans will be fully occupied on the Russian front may be the y punishable announcement by the Japa nese home ministry Wednesday fh t if stated in a communique that although the recent enemy laid on Japan had so far furnished the authorities with no reasons for intervening it was neverthe less necessary to recall that the spreading of rumors is prohibited and is liable to penalities under the terms of the decreelaw con speeches publications and public utterances Immediately after announcing ast Saturday that Tokio Yoko nh other and Kobe been nau uccil TVy American planes the lokio government warned Ihe People against baseless rumors the public reaction had not been entirely satisfactory n DIP nntlmvii TT J the authorities This apparently has been repeated n stronger terms warning WILL RATION AS IN EAST Italians feel that the coming nen tht ccupiec be the moment when Italians may safelj launch their peace plans because the Germans will not be in a position to check the Italians by force J The dispatch said Premier Mus solini s prestige was now so low that if the Italian royal family decided upon a peace offer neither the weakened fascist party nor the Germans coulc prevent the offer being made Tuesday the Tokio radio quoted Toyohiko Kagawa Japans best known Christian leader as saying Japanese Christians were pray ing war DIPLOMATIC QUARTERS NEGOTIATIONS LONDON Authorita tive diplomatic quarters denied Wednesday any knowledge of secret peace negotiations in Italy Although these quarters believed there was a strong peace feeling m Italy they termed the likeli hood of any present negotiations secret or otherwise as absurd Eagle Grove Man Burns to Death DEWITT flaming truck became a funeral pyre for Donald Thome 28 year old Eagle Grove truck driver Tuesday night 5he drove his machine into four miles west of here in what County on 30 highway Coroner L P Riggert described as an heroic attempt to avoid a auto headon collision with Officials Say Around 5 Gallons a Week Will Be Allowed WASHINGTON overnment officials said Wednes ay a plan for rationing gasolin n tne eastern seaboard would be nnounccd soon to become etfec ve some time in May and allowj ng each motorist around five allons a week Details of the plan were wilh i u a sPokesman pre 12 I S1 m easoline supplies be drastic The permitted amount for each lotorist would be purchasable on rescntation of some type of ration ard but the ration books to be sued under the sugar distribu on plan would not be used it as understood A reduction of onethird in de vencs of gasoline to service sta oiis uas ordered only last weei enkers Ot Incrcasin8 shortage of Affected by the rationing plan ill be the 17 eastern seaboard atcs and the District of Colum a now included in the gasoline extending from area sine to Florida Three separate rationing plans ve been developed b the P tcr weeks of study officials said ilh tne ultimate choice dcpend S upon the supply picture mobile driven by H A Granlham member of the Iowa state lax commission formerly of De Witt J Thome had turned inlo the op posite traffic lane directly into thepath of Granthams car when automobiles driven by Wilfred Ransom and Donald Miller both of near here slowed down to turn off the highway Grantham eastbound came over a small rise and Thorne took to the ditch to avoid an inevitable fourway crash Thomes right foot was pinned to the cab and witnesses were unable to extricate him when the truck burst into flames be use 10 tons of steel rods aboard e truck had shifted and crum pled the cab when the vehicle struck a culvert Coroner Riggcrt said he was in formed Thomes truck was trav eling at a fast clip and he had turned out directly into the path 01 OianthanVs car lo avoid strik ing the two cars ahead of him DEADLINE NEAR IN FILINGS FOR STATE PRIMARY 4 of Iowa Congressmen Apparently Will Have But Little Opposition By GEORGE S MItLS DES M01NES Whatever their prewar voting records may have been at least four of the nine sitting congressmen appar ently will have little or no op position in the June 1 primaries Wednesday was the last day lor filing nomination papers At midnight Wednesday night the books will close on the 13p primary races As expected the republican race for the United Slates sen ate seat held by Democratic Clyde L Herring will be a fourway af fair There are three republican candidates for governor The democratic gubernatorial battle I be a twoway battle between Nelson C Krasehel of Harlan and State Senator A E Augustine of Oskaloosa What Aussies Like u the coneressional s are stacking up FIRST Tom Martin Iowa City the incumbent and Seth bilver Cantril Le w WMister West Branch Mayor Willenbrock and Verne De SECOND O Talle i rah the old fourth district in Ja cobsen Clinton the second district incumbent and Leo J Wegman Anamosa THIRD Republican John G uv n n e Waterloo the incumbent and Dem f A r 6Se fighting men on the hr 10lT Port may be a trifle undignified American cigarets do have good reputations on the ship part of n convoyShad awaited debarkation wCl t Waterloo FOURTH Le Cojrydon incumbent Howling Conipte Democratic FIFTH Cunningham SIXTH Fred C Gilchrist SEVENTH Jensen tfc 7 Jess Alton Mondamin EIGHTH Republican Charles Hoevan Alton G F Kephart Vincent The secretary of stales office PaPeiS fr0m day mghf dfdate candidates Two years ago Rationing of Sugar Will Be Started May 5 First Stamp to Be Good Here is Ihe United states s te lineup DemocraticCJyd The candidates for G governor Want Easiest Vay to Find what You If you want to buy or sell use the Want Ads Tf you want to Want hire use Ads trade the Want In the Want Ad sec tion of todays newspaper and every days newspaper you will find hundreds of values and serv ices no doubt exactly what you want Using Want Ads is the easiest and most economical way to find what you want During National Want Ad Week 7 days for the price of 6 days for thc price of 3 Remember GlobeGazettr Want Ads Bring Results Voble Named Editor of SUI Student Daily oJkv VA CITY Noble Oelven was named editor of the Daily lowan University of Iowa student newspaper by the student H 1 Publications James was named business manager campus monthly of zinc All will serve for the 43 academic year Arsenal Is Found in North Ireland School an arsenal u na n the school at Dcrryclone coun and Princial Hu Principal Hugh trick McConville was held in tne Belfast jail Wednesday In a raid made immediately after pu pils liad been dismissed lor the day Tuesday the officers found 15 nfte nine revolvers hand gren ades signaling pistols and 2000 rounds of ammunition for Purchase of One Pound for May 516 WASHINGTON na tions first rationing of food by stamps will start May 5 ihc office of price administration announced Wednesday with the first stamp good for purchase of one pound of sugar during the period May a to In an order setting forth details ot the sugar rationing system OPA disclosed that allotments to restaurants hotels and Die like would be cut SO per cent under the amount used last year while bak ers confectioners beverage bott lers and ice cream and dairy product producers would be lim ited to 70 per cent of past use Household consumers who will register at grade schools through out the country May 47 inclu sive will be entitled to purchase one pound of sugar with each of the first four stamps in war ra tion book No 1 The first stamp is valid May 5 16 the second May 1730 he third May 31June 13 and the fourth June 1427 Retail and wholesale establish ments handling sugar will register at high schools April 28 mid 20 as will industrial and instilutiona users Thc cut in the amount of suzar reserved for restaurants cater ers hotels and others supplying food services amounls to 50 per cent of the quantity used in he corresponding month last year or if records of last years use arc not available half he amount used in March 1912 the OPA saitj OPA set lorth in detail the lalions concerning registration many of which have been an nounced previously One adult member of each family unit mav register for the entire famly group getting a ration book to each member of the family it was stated Any family unit not hav ing an adult member should be registered by the oldest member or by a responsible adult author ized to act in behalf of thc minors Consumers who are not mcm ucrs of a family unit should reg ister for themselves Persons con fined m public or private hospi tals asylums prisons or similar institutions are not eligible for registration while so confined Special provisions were made for those incapacitated by ill ness injury or other reason and unable to register for themselves in the May 47 period These in dividuals may be registered by the person caring for them or by such other persons as they designate Consumers not eligible to re ceive a ration book at the time ot registration because of ownership of more than six pounds of sugar vvill obtain their books by apply ing to local ration boards after thc start of the latest ration p nods during which stamps become valid having a weight value to the excess sugar supply owned on May 4 1942 Children born after the regis tration dates will be entitled lo normal sugar rations and may be registered at any time by parents or guardians al Ihc local ration board Meninducted inlo thc armed forces or Ihose leaving this coun try for more than SO days must surrender theiv ration books lo their local boards Eonlis must also be turned in o the board within 10 days after the death of a person lo whom the book was issued V Persons placed in institutions for a period likely lo exceed 10 days must surrender to the head of the institution their ration books which will be returned to them upon discharge from I thc institution Soldiers and sailors fed in or ganized messes arc ineligible to register but military personnel who cal al home will register like oilier consumers Spcciiil provisions were made for consumers who do not register in Ihe prescribed period Upon showing good cause they may register after May 21 al their local rationing boards nnd in KNIFE THROUGH DEFENSES IN 2 HOUR ASSAULT Attack Delivered Soon After Runstedt Takes Over German Command LONDON fl British com mandos knifed through the nazi coastal defenses near heavily for tified Boulogne Wednesday morn ing and drove German troops back before them in a brilliant scouting raid which struck once more at the foundations of the enemys defense system in west ern Europe British combined operations headquarters announced that the raiding force withdrew after two hours in which for the third time since Feb 27 they shook German confidence that the western door to the continent had been nailed shut so that Adolf Hitlers army could hurl its force against Rus siii without fear of a possible sec ond front The attack was delivered soon after Field Marshal Gen Gercl von Uunstcdt took command of all German troops in northern France aad on lie heels of rc porls that nazi coastal garrisons from North Cape to the Bay of Biscay had been reinforced heavily Observers said the official an nouncement that the raiders were ashore lor two hours indicated that they had time for a valuable survey of the fortifications the Germans had been strengthening In the first combined operations raid since the attack on St Naz aire the commandos ranged throughout the French coastal re gion testing the German de fenses and collecting military in formation the announcement said A naval force accompanying the commandos was said lo have dam aged a German trawler which at tempted to intercept the striking was re cases of unusual hardship may permit registration before May 21 To take care of consumers in rural areas who would find it a hardship because of transporta tion difficulties to purchase m the quantities allowed during each ration period OPA provided mat such a user might apply to the local boards for a sugar cer tificate authorizing him to pur chase A four weeks supply at one time To permit an epidemic of lost books OPA specified that con Mimers might apply for ration books lo replace those accidental ly losl or destroyed but replace ments will not be made until aft er two months from the dale of application Making a false appli cation OPA pointed out is a criminal offense force A second trawler ported set afire Combined operations headquar ters said British casualties were very light The hundcr of a heavy dis tant cannonade whcih rumbled through he thick mist over the Strait of Dover before daybreak was the first intimation of the new blow against the German forces guarding their captured coasts Lookouts along the Kent coast of England said the firing seemed to come from the direction of Boulogne but nothing could be seen The last commando raid at St Nazaire was made March 28 The combined headquarters communique follows In the early hours ot April 22 a small reconnaissance raid was carried out on the French coast near Boulogne German troops holding this part of the coast wcie driven back before the advance of our troops A British patrol penetrated the coastal defenses and withdrew after two hours Casualties were very light A navaj force accompanying this reconnaissance engaged armed enemy trawler trawlers One was severely German damaged Report Nazi Radio Said Children Under 15 Will Aid Firemen WASHINGTON office fSUrCS quoted the German radio as re jprlmg German children of less than 15 years will henceforth be enrolled in the fire department Normally children will not be llcd upon to work except durinc he day the broadcast continued in order to put out incendiary jombs or in emergency cases But n cases of urgent public danger hey may be asked to work at ntght and another was left on fire No British ships were damaged this engagement and naval al casualties were slight Earlier Wednesday the minis try of economic warfare said he Germans fearful of com mando forays had earmarked more than half thc French ec mcnt production for use in new defense systems along the Ger manheld French coast Thr ministry said Frances annual cement produclion is about 500000 Ions In their hazardous raid ot March 28 thc commandos later disclosed to have been placed un th i direcUon of Lord Louis Montbattcn cousin of Kins George combined land sea and ar forces in nn attempt to knock Uboat base at St Nazaire The first big scale commando raid on the coast of France was made just one month carlier whcn parachutists and seaborne rri guarded territory irlto in a destruc ruc tive raid on a German radio dc T fSSv huich had facen ing RAF flights over the conti me 1C striking force landed on the coast st Brunevat miles north of Lc Havre bat icrcd a way through the nazi inanncd coaslal defenses anrf joined parachutists w h o had ;