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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 21, 1953, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspaper HOME EDITION DN CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LIX Associated Press and United Ircss Full Lcaso Wires Seven Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY APRIL 21 1953 This Paner Consists of Two One No 145 ExPrisoners Tell About Death March 35 Americans Included in Group of 100 Allied POWs Traded by Reds PANMUNJOM Korea second group of 100 dis abled but jubilant Allied prisoners came back from North Korean prison stockades Tuesday as the 30 Americans ex changed Monday landed in Japan on their way home Many of the 35 American and other UN prisoners who rolled through Freedom Gate Tuesday were laugh and joking in sharp con trast to the solemn air oi those freed asiiMhe exchange o sick and wounded began Monday 100 South Koreans The Reds have said they would exchange 100 South Koreans for 350 North Koreans and 150 Chinese Communists Wednesday leaving 55 Americans the Reds have prom ised to free still in Communist hands All of the 605 disabled Unitec Nations and South Korean captives to be freed by the Reds are to be exchanged by Saturday the daj fullscale armistice negotiations Say Ridgway Rejected Big Allied Attack Testimony Given to Senate Group WASHINGTON have been told that Gen Matthew B Ridgway turned down Gen James A Van Fleets plan for an Alliec seaborne strike against the Commu nists in Korea in June 1951 Van Fleet then commander of the U S Eighth Army in Korea recently told a Senate armed serv ices subcommittee he was crying to turn me loose for such an as sault but that higher authorilj would not approve it Destroyed Chinese Van Fleet now retired said he felt he could have destroyed the Chinese armies with the blow At the time Van Fleet gave that testimony Ridgway said in Paris he had absolutely no comment In June 1951 he was Far Eastern commander he is now commander of Western European defense forces Gen J Lawton Collins Army chief of staff testified behind closed doors Monday afternoon lo the armed services subcommittee which has been investigating re ported ammunition shortages Later a senator who asked that his name not be used told report ers Collins said the Van Fleet rec ommendations never reached the Joint Chiefs of Staff for a decision He said Ridgway turnedit down because he felt it was too much of a gamble And loo there was a lot of talk about a truce at the time which probably had an ef fect Temporary Halt This development came after the subcommittee headed by Sen Mar garet Chase Smith called at least a temporary halt in its in quiry Mrs Smith said her committee wished to analyze and digest the testimony already given before making a decision on any further hearings There were indicalions the group might write its report without further testimony Monday night Gen George C Marshall confirmed testimony giv en the subcommittee last week that he had signed a controversial di rective This directive issued Sept 27 1950 about three months after the Korean fighting began instructed the armed services to assume for budgetary purposes that the war would be ended byJune 30 Marshall had laken office assecre tary of defense six days earlier The directive has been criticized as a slowdown order Man Prefers Jail to Parting With Close Companion OKLAHOMA CITY WVA 47 yearold man chose five years in the stale penilentiary ralher than a suspended sentence Monday lo be wilh a man whose friendship he prized more than freedom Lee Clark was arrested and charged with larceny of an auto mobile It was his first offense His accomplice Leon Wilkerson had one previous conviction against him Both pleodetl guilty last week and Public Defender Charles Moss recommended a fivdyear term But Joe T Marlin assislanl county attorney pointed out Clarksrecord was spotless prior to this offense and he was entitled to a suspended sentence The judge agreed and phoned Deputy Sheriff E ACapshaw But Capshaw said the men would not be parted Thats the way they want it Thats the only way theyd cooperale wiih me he said are lo be resumed Some 5800 North Korean and Chinese sick and wounded will be back in Communisl hands by May 1 A plane carrying 36 Americans and other Allied sick and wounded from Korea landed Tuesday at Tachikawa air base near Tokyo Air Force officials said there will be daily flighls unlil all U S prisoners are in Japan on their way home Litter Cases Twelve of Ihe Americans flown to Japan Tuesday were carried from Ihe big Iransporl on litters Newsmen at the air base were not permitted to interview them United Nations prisoners who came back Tuesday told of pain and suffering among comrades left behind Many of the returning prisoners showed few signs of wounds illness Some spoke bitterly friends left behind whothey said were hurt far worse but for some reason did not make the Commu nist repatriation list Blue Uniforms All wore the blue cotton uniform leaked cap and tennis shoes Ihe Reds gave them just six miles up he road at rubbled Kacsong the Communists truce headquarters Allied officers reported the Reds were carrying out a strange pro cedure at their receiving point Chinese and North Korean prison srs returned from Allied camps were dusted with their ralions and personal posses ions were sprayed The Allied officers said Red spokesmen explained that it was all a precaution against Allied erm warfare Allied Planes Hit Deep Into Korea SEOUL carrier planes Tuesday smashed Communist po sitions less than a mile ahead of Allied lines in the Heartbreak and Sniper Ridge sector of Eastern Korea Groundb a s e d UN warplanes ilruck deep into North Korea at a eking a Red airfield and supply ines Only light patrol contacts were along Ihe ground front as another group of sick and wounded prisoners of war were exchanged al Panmunjom The Navy said planes from Ihe carriers Oriskany and Princeton struck Red positions near Sniper and Heartbreak Ridges to break upa possible Communisl probing altack OFFICIAL GREETING Gen Mark W Clark Supreme Com mander of UN forces in Korea back to camera talks to Cana dian Lance Cpl P Ougal one of the POWs exchanged at Pan munjorn U S Supports Burmas Claim UNITED NATIONS N Y The U S Tuesday threw its sup port behind Burmas demand that Chinese Nationalist guerrillas get off its soil and said it was ac tively working lo bring this about Chief U S Delegate Henry Cabot Lodge Jr told the GONation Po litical Commiltec Ihe U S was hard at work on a Ihreepoinl plan It would 1 Require the active support of the Chinese Nationalist govern ment to influence the 12000 guer rillas in Burma to giveupt 2 Stop military operations be ween the Burmese army and those guerrillas 3 Disarm the Chinese and re move them lo Formosa via Thai and Lodge said Thailand had agreed lo this The American Representative said the U S fcit Burma had the to demand the removal of he Chinese whom he accused of depredations against the Burm ese people He said many of the guerrillas were common bandits Dosing as Chinese Nationalists IS PERSONS DROWN MANILA persons drowned Monday in two boat mis haps Ihe Philippine News Service reporled All About The Weather Mason City Continued mild Wed nesday Iowa Wednesday partly cloudy lo cloudy and mild Minnesofa Wednesday parlly cloudy lo cloudy and turning a little cooler GlobeGazelle wealher dala up lo 8 am Tuesday Maximum Minimum At 8 am YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 57 30 46 77 50 SAME Black flag means trafHo death In past 24 lioiirs 73 Killed in Plane Train Accidents Two Out of Ten Survive Air Crash OAKLAND Calif persons were killed when a West ern Airlines DC6B plunged into San Francisco Bay Monday night minutes after 30 other per sons got off the plane A Navy rescue boat found two survivors bobbing in the bay wa ters The plane carrying a total of five passengers and five ere w members cnroute from Los An geles to Seattle was on a seven minute crossbay hop from San Francisco to Oakland to take aboard more passengers when the unexplained crash occurred Two Survivors The two survivors plucked from the water and rushed to Alamcda Naval Air Station where they were transferred to Oak Knoll Naval Hospital were Senior Stewardess Beverly Nelson 27 San Jose Calif and St Clair Shores Mich and passenger Jerry Adams 21 Fair banks Alaska Four bodies were recovered by the searching surface craft but only one was immediately identi fied He was tentatively listed a Dave B Petty San Bernardino Calif The other four victims were stil missing at 3 a m and searching Coast Guardsmen said they be lievcd it would be impossible to lo cate them before daybreak It was jclieved the missing four were stil trapped in the submerged wreck age Dead or Missing Litsed as dead or missing were Pilot Robert Clark CoPilot Rober Jacobsen Flight Engineer Rober Tssgue Stewardess Barbara Brew Stanley J Newman Richmond Calif R Turner no address and a Mr Graves of Long Beach Calif Only witness to the crash was AA traffic controller Rober ONeil who was on duty in the Oak and airport tower He said he was tracking the incoming plane on a newlyinstalled radar set in the tow er when the image just disap Jcared I looked out the window and a terrific explosion on the bay he said it was immediate y followed by a bright gasoline fire vhich looked like it spread over a quarter of a mile of the bay It asted very briefly and went oul vithin 10 or 15 seconds aw Voice Tells Czechs to Release Oaf is WASHINGTON Voice of America is challenging Czecho slovakia to fall in line with recent Soviet peace moves by releasing American newsman William N Oatis who starts his third year in Red prison Thursday In a broadcast the Voice noted hat Soviet authorities have freed 5 physicians who in January verc accused of medical sabotage WEARS GRANDPAS BUTTON A camera David Eisenhower grandson of the President as he watches the President and Sen Robert A Taft drive off the first tee at the Augusta National Country Club HER LIFE WAS is a look on the greasesmeared face of Bevevlec Nelson 27 a few minutes after her rescue from thewaters of San Fran cisco Bay She was one of two who survived the crash of an airliner House Ups Appropriations Worm Beer Bill Still Remains in Committee DES MOINES Iowa House refused Tuesday to withdraw the socalled warm beer bill from the House SiftingCommittee The vote on a motion to withdraw by Rep Clifford M Strawman Anamosa and Rep Paul Cooksey Spencer got 5746 favorable vote but inder House rules it takes a hvolhirds majority or 72 votes to withdraw a bill from Die Sifting Committee No Liquor Bill Just before the vote was laken Speaker William S Lynes an nounced lie had ruled out of order a move by Rep T J Frey Ncola Lo attach to the bill an amendment to legalize the sale of liquor by the drink Strawman related that the Senate on Feb lVpassed the bill by a vote of 500 However Before final pas sage the Senate had approved a provision lo prohibit taverns and groceries from selling cold beer or consumption off Ihe premises Road Bond Issue In Ihe Senale it was voted to sub nit a 300 million dollar primary road bond issue to Iowa voters at he 1954 general election The vote vas 3413 The bill now goes to the House vhere measures arc pending for an mmediatc increase in the stale asoline tax to provide road funds The House Tuesday senl the Sen ale a bill appropriating a year to run the departments of lale government After two days if debate the House passed a calchalt bill lo boost spending by 747009 ELIZABETH IS 27 WINDSOR England WiQucen iizabcth II lurncd 27 Tuesday Effort Fails to Withdraw Sewer Bill An appropriation bill of to help with the construction of the Clear Lake Sanilary Sewer system remained in Ihe House of Rcpre sentalives1 sifting committee Tues day after an unsuccessful attempt Many Hurt When Train Hops Rails DILLON S C 17car streamliner bound from Miami to New York careened off the rails near here Monday night and piled up a mass of twisted wreckage Officials said at least fiye per sons died One newspaper reporte who made an early estimate of 1 or12 dead said he had seen sb bodies More than 125 injured wer rushed to hospitals many of them in critical condition Rescue work ers continued to probe the wreck age Officials said more bodie may be found Pinned in Cars Some of the injured lay for hours pinned in the shattered cars of the Atlantic Coast Lines fast passen ger train the East Coast Cham 5on Rescue workers used acetylene torches to reach the victims Doc prs crawled after them some imcs operating on live spot lo fre the injured giving first aid Part of the train caught fire and the burning oil emergency lights and cutting torches cast a weirc jlow over the scene The wreck occurred shortly be ore midnight 2A miles south o Dillon only 12 miles south of the tforth Carolina line and only abou 25 miles from Rennert N C where two ACL passenger trains crashed Dec 1G 1943 killing 72 persons and injuring 387 The ACLs annual stockholders meeting was scheduled to be hole Tuesday in Richmond 300 Passengers The train carried an estimatec 300 passengers many oi them va calioners returning from a white in Florida The engineer B B Sweeney o Rocky Mount N C injured seri ously t61d Sheriff Pete Rogers h didnt know what happened H said a freight train covered th same stretch only 10 minutes be fore the Champion derailed The trains fireman CharlL Hunt also of Rocky Mount died in his flaming locomotive His bodj was cut out with torches Eleven Overturned Five coaches seven pullmnns AVO diners two lounge cars and i Baggage car comprised the stream iner Eleven overturned and six remained upright Dozens of passengers were rapped in the overturned cars All utimatcly were released A surgeon was lowered into one of the telescoped coaches to cu off the left leg of a woman in an effort to free her Darwin Gardner of Boston wa n the last car He said There were three bumps and then i sounded like an earthquake jus Before we left the track to withdraw it Hep moved W lr that it Tate Mason City be withdrawn but when he ran into stiff opposition he withdrew his motion Tate in supporting the measure said the Clear Lake sanitary dis trict had laxed itself to the limit but needed the more to finish the job Tate conceded that the1051 Leg islature appropriated to he Clear Lake sanitary district but said the district rlid not ac ept it because it wasPnot enough Tate said hat improvement of lcar Lake was as important to hc people of Iowa as building a log barn at one college or a dormi tory at another A storm of protest greeted Tales action and he promptly halted his move J fowans Share Cudahy Fortune WAUKEGAN 111 will of Mrs Jean Morton Cudahy left be lucsts in excess of million in hiding lo a Des Moine ousin and her daughlcr Mrs Cudahys will disposing of ier eslate was filed in Lake ounly Probate Court here Mon lay No eslimale of the value of the slate was given The widow of the former head of Cudahy Packing Co and Ihe Sinclair Refining Co left lo Martha Morion Lallner of Des Moincs and lo Mrs Latt ners daughler Jean Mrs Cudahy 69 also bequealhed to Boys Town Neb Group Explains Huge Slices Budget Cuts Face 1st Test Republican rive to cut as much as 10 billion ollars from former President Tru mans 1954federal budget faces Us irst test Tuesday in the House The initial regular appropriations ill of the 83rd Congress an omni ms measure carrying o finance 23 agencies for the fis al year starling July 1 provides he test Crucial voting probably wonl ome until Wednesday Tuesdays session was set aside togive ap proprialions committee members a chance lo explain why Ihey cul 61 per cent from Ihe funds Truman requested last January The commiltec cut from the Truman figures Some Democrats have called many of the rcduclions phony The overall money requcsls for Ihe Civil Service Commission were slashed from lo 961323 The commillee report said that it wasnt good practice to put tax revenues into Ihe reliremenl fund at a time when the money isnt needed The fund already has a substantial surplus built upfrom past conlribulions of federalem ployes and lhe government Major controversies shaped up over the committees proposal to halt the public housing program as far as new housing units are con cerned on July i and to take the government out of the home mort gage business Also Say Many Are Very Sick Reds Dont Free All III POWs FREEDOM VILLAGE Korea Uft Accounts of Bataanstyle death marches semistarvation and cal culated brutality came Tuesday from the second handful of Allied soldiers returned from Communist prison camps And stories of many more dan gerously ill Allied in Red captivity indicated the Com munists do not plan lo free all sick and wounded as they had agreed to do Tuesdays reports recalled the ihocked words incredibly small uttered two weeks agoby Rear Adm John C Daniel the UN truce delegate when thb Reds told him 600 sick and wounded would be repalriated Failing The new development suggested that the Communists were failing once again on a solemn agreement Sgt Walter H Mitchell of Green ville Term said There rwere quite a few left in the hospital at the Pyoktong camp 1 would rather they had come than me They need medicaV attention more Death inarches over frozen high waysin bitter winter weather were reported by two American soldiers Pfc Roger Hemdohof Jackson ville Fla and Cpl prvilleR Muli Ims of told sep arale agonies in 1950 and 1951 Herndon Vascaptured in lha mgid winter of 1950 Herald some 40 American and Turkish soldiers perished in a nineday forced Tnarch norlhfrQraKunu where the US2nd Divisiorikmet disaster in November 1950 Of 100 men who started only 60 arrived at the Red prison he said and related We were not allowed to stop for any even to go to the latrine If you did you would have to look out for yourself is of i oit One night 17 us were put in a small room Next morning when I woke up there were only two Herndon who had a wounded land amputated by Chinese doc tors eight days before the march said many died from He said all they had lo eat on the march was millet and cracked corn one bowl a day Herndon just laughed when asked if allempls lo indoctrinate him in Communism had worked Ive never been so happy as to reach freedom today he said MuJliris told a march north rom Pyongyang in August 1951 just as the truce lalks were be inning We passed Iwo jeeploads of Russian soldiers he said They slopped us on Ihe road and tried 0 get our guards drunk so they would shoot us Mullins said the Russians were armed and in uniform He said he knew the Russians wanted the guards to shoot because they made motions Sgt Mitchell said about 20 sen us hospital cases were left be hind Medical attention was no good at all Very few guys got ny1 Story Confirmed His slory was confirmed by Pvt ouis Kerkstra of Byron lich who contracted tubercu osis Some of the TB patients in my lospital were in worse condition nan I was he said The way I see it they took me ecause I was in a little better nape and knew AVC would hit the iress first Trealment of Hie prisoners va ied widely from place to place ml time lo lime Pfc Tibor Rubin of Long Beach alif a Hungarian who spent 14 monlhs in a Nazi prison camp in Vorld War II said Red treatment as better than the Nazis gave im The Chinese treated us much Im not Communist but hey did treat me better than the ermanshe said Cpl Pedro Herrera of Mama era N M said he1 was bayo etled in the head by a prisoa uard but blamed a misiuv erstanding caused tne Ian 5 Ho was captured in November 950 ;