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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 21, 1950, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LVI Associated Press and United Press Full Lease Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY APRIL 21 1950 This Paper Consists of Two One No 168 Defense Near Postwar Top Editors Told Will Reach Armed Peak Soon Texas Congressman Reveals By STERLING F GREEN Washington hundred editors assured that the nation is nearing its postwar peak of armed readiness turned a critical eye Friday on atomic bomb secrecy Members of the American So ciety of Newspaper Editors were told by Rep Mahon DTexas that the 1951 defense dollar will be wisely and prudently spent Well soon be in a better posi tion of readiness to fight than we have been since the end of the shooting in 1945 reported Mahon chairman of the house armed serv ices appropriations subcommittee Mahon said legislators were convinced that will provide the armed might needed to discourage any Russian designs in spite of General Dwight D Eis enhowers testimony that another would plug some weak spots Skip the Flying Saucers We dont propose to go up and down in our spending with every flying saucer that skims across the horizon the Texan said We want to develop a steady adequate program and stick to it Though the soviet government is spending 40 per cent of its income on defense as against this countrys 32 per cent Mahon said the Rus siong lack longrange bombers or any other overwhelmingly pow erful arm with which to strike directly at the United States The editors uneasiness over atomic censorship was reflected in Thursdays program On the plat form of the ASNEs annual meet ing here they matched Doctor Henry D Smyth member of the atomic energy commission against an editor who last month had to burn an issue of his magazine be cause the AEC objected to a story in it The editor was Gerard Piel editor of the 100yearold Scien tific American Because of an ar ticle on the hydrogen bomb 3000 copies of the monthly were burned and the type melted down at AECs instigation Question Censorship The magazine said the incident raised the question whether the commission is thus suppressing information which the American people need in order to form in telligent judgments on this major problem The article by Doctor Hans Bethe Cornell physicist and form er physics chief at Los Alamos was printed at about the time that the AEC issued a request for all persons now or formerly em ployed by it to withhold discus sion of the hydrogen bomb proj ect Thursdays meeting heard Basil L Walters chairman of the societys committee on world free dom of information caution x against moves to bring about con QUESTIONED Donald Simmons Peoria 111 police station as he and Jimmy Chatman 9 are questioned by police in connection with the slaying of Benjamin Pannier whose body was found Grade School Boys Confess Peoria Murder Peoria 111 UR Tvyo grade school boys told police Friday how they killed an elderly miner then robbed his body to finance a trip to Chicago The boys Jimmy Chatman 9 and Donald Simmons 14 were seized Thursday at a bus station ticket window as they sought to buy tickets for their Chicago trip They were held without charge Jimmy a 4th grader said he and Donald went to the home of Glen Stranz Wednesday morning There they stole a 22 caliber rifle some cigarets and some comic books and sat down to wait for their victim Benjamin Pannier 62 who lived nearby Jimmy said they passed the time by smoking and reading the comic books until Pannier came home about p m Just as Pannier started to un lock his front door Jimmy said Donald aimed and fired Pannier collapsed without uttering a sound Jimmy said they then took or from the miners pockets and drove off in hiscar Later however it became overheated and they were forced to abandon it Police found the abandoned car on a highway and their investiga tion led them to Panniers body The boys took a bus to Peoria where they spent the night in hotel lobby A search meanwhile was launched when the pair was reported missing from their homes When they attempted to buy the tickets they were seized MidContinent Airlines Is Recommended by Examiner for ChicagoSioux City Route trol by atom the armed forces of the SAYS RUSSIAN EXPLOSION DEFINITELY WAS ABOMB Washington Rep Elston ROhio says the United States has solved the case of the atomic explosion in Russia last year We know definitely that it was caused by an atomic bomb the congressman told a reporter and we know what the ingredients of that bomb were Elston is a member of the sen atehouse atomic energy commit tee which deals with Abomb and other related matters and has in quired closely into the Russian atomic blast He declined to disclose how the U S government obtained in formation about the Russian ex plosion or to discuss the Russian bomb further There has been much specula tion in this country over whether the Russians had a true bomb or whether the blast might even have been caused by some disastrous accidental explosion of a Russian atomic experimental plant When President Truman told of it last September 23 he used the words an atomic explosion Definitely the Russians dont have the hydrogen bomb yet any more than we do Elston added We know as much about the po tentialities of a hydrogen bomb as they do and they know as much as we do and no more Neither of us even knows definite ly how to explode an Hbomb Elston is working lor a 000000 increase in congressional appropriations for developing the U S air strength Ruthven Farm Youth Injured by Tractor Peter Jensen 4 son of Mr and Mrs Edmund Jen sen of near Ruthven narrowly escaped death when a tractor ran over him He is in an Emmetsburg hospital with a broken hip and many bruises but is reported in good condition He climbed on to the tractor which was parked on an incline near his home It is be lieved he released the brake and fell off the tractor running over him His mother found him pinned beneath NYC Santa Fe Plan to Keep Service Going Washington For rest C Donnell RMo Friday introduced legislation which would forbid railrpad strikes or lockouts There is no equivoca tion in this bill Donnell told the senate Any strike or lockout would be made unlawful Chicago of the na tions 4 strikethreatened railroad systems planned Friday to keep their trains running even if fire men walk off the job Spokesmen for the other 2 sys tems threatened with a strike next Wednesday refused to comment Officials of the Santa Fe said the big western road definitely will try to run trains probably with supervisory personnel taking the place striking firemen Keep Operating Spokesmen for the New York Central and its subsidiaries the Michigan Central Ohio Central and Big Four said they too plan to operate despite the strike But spokesmen for the Pennsyl vania and the Southern refused to say whether they would at tempt operations The 4 strikethreatened systems include 7 major railroads and many smaller subsidiaries The Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen set the strike deadline to support demands thatthe railroads assign an extra fireman to each multipleunit diesel locomotive No further negotiations have been scheduled in the dispute but officials of the Michigan Central said they were hoping for a settle ment before the deadline at 6 a m Wednesday However they did not elaborate Doubts Normal Service Charles City Boys Win Scholarships City James Robert Winkelman of the Charles City high school won a scholarship awarded by Clinton Foods Inc of Clinton Norman Story Kerr of Charles City was awarded a scholarship The awards were made Friday in the old capitol building at Iowa City Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Light southerly winds Increasing cloudiness and warm er Friday night Saturday cloudy and not much ohange m temp erature Low Friday night 40 High Saturday about 58 Iowa Increasing cloudiness and warmer Friday night with low 36 to 42 east near 45 west Saturday mostly cloudy with a few scattered showers northeast turning a little cooler west por tion Saturday High Saturday 55 to 60 west 60 to 65 east Wind northwesterly 20 mph Saturday Further outlook Low Sunday morning 37 to 40 Clearing Sunday cooler east portion high near 55 Monday generally fair and warmer Iowa 5Day Weather Temperatures will average near normal Normal high 61 to 63 Normal low 37 to 42 Cooler Saturday and Sunday Rising temperatures Monday Becom1 ing cooler again Tuesday Pre cipitation will average less than onetenth of an inch occurring as light rain in northeast Iowa Saturday Showers likely over the state Monday Minnesota Saturday mostly cloudy some widely scattered showers turning cooler wesr portion High Saturday 5560 except 4547 extreme north IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending ta 8 a m Friday Maximum 47 Minimum 26 At 8 a m 36 YEAR AGO Maximum 68 Minimum 45 Carl J Goff assistant president of the Firemenls union said at Cleveland that even if the roads try to operate they wouldnt pro vide 5 per cent of normal service However Alvanley Johnston chief of the Brotherhood of Loco motive Engineers said engineers would stay at the throttle and could cross firemens picket lines He said engineers would work in the cabs alongside supervisory employes as firemen Certification of MidContinent airlines for operation of the Chi cagoSioux City route as recom mended by a CAB examiner would be welcomed by the Mason City airport commission Chair man Emil Koerber said Friday Mason City has an application on file with the civil aeronautics board for inclusion on the route in place of Fort Dodge which has no adequate airport facilities The route now extends from Chicago by way of Elgin Rockford and Freeport 111 Dubuque Waterloo and Fort Dodge to Sioux City Inclusion on the route would make Mason City a crossroads on the MidContinent map Koerber pointed out Four MidContinent planes stop daily at the Mason City airport now on the Kansas CityMinneapolis route Our relationship with Mid Continent has been of the very best Koerber commented If they should receive the certificate it would be a real source of satis faction to the airport commission By JAMES J STREBIG Washington civil aero nautics board examiner recom mended Friday that the 3 feeder airline routes originally awarded to Parks Air Lines Inc East St Louis 111 be divided among 3 other airlines Examiner Ralph L Wiser pro posed that Turner Airlines Inc Indianapolis be given the Great akes region route that MidCon inent Airlines Inc Kansas City be given the North Central states route and that Ozark Air Lines Inc St Louis be given the Mis sissippi valley route Wiser proposed that the board cancel a certificate under which Parks was authorized to serve most of the cities involved Parks has not operated over any of the routes The Great Lakes route given to Turner extends from St Louis to hicago and Indianapolis Turner now operates from Grand Rapids Mich to Louisville Ky and Cin cinnati Ohio through Indianapo lis to Chicago The northcentral route pro posed for MidContinent extends from Chicago to Sioux City Iowa from Chicago to MinneapolisSt Paul Minn and from Chicago across southern Iowa to DCS Moines MidContinent is a small trunk line operator with routes ex tending frona NewOrleans La and Houston Texas to Minot N Dak and Minneapolis It now serves some of the points on the Parks route The Mississippi Valley routes proposed for Ozark extends from Kansas City to Tulsa from Tulsa to East St Louis and from Moline 111 to Memphis Tenn by way of St Louis When it became obvious more than a year ago that Parks was not likely to begin the air service found by the board to be required by the public the board began a proceeding known as the Parks in vestigation case last June The routes involved cover parts of 11 states and the hearings required a month Parks at one point asked the boards approval to merge with MidContinent This was opposed by various airlines serving the area Wiser recommended that if the board distributes the routes as he proposed the certificates be lim ited to the customary 3 year ex perimental period Senator Asks Deeper Probe of Commies Wants Browder Other Alleged Reds Called By MARVIN L ARROWSMITH Washington Mc Carthy RWis Friday chal lenged senate investigators to dig beyond Louis Budenzs sworn tes timony that Owen Lattimore was a member of a communist cell McCarthy noted that Budenz a former communist testified that his information about Lattimore came from men he said were high in the Browder Fred erick Vanderbilt Field and Jack Staehel I think the investigating com mittee ought to subpoena those men and get their story McCarthy told reporters Attorneys for Lat timore already had asked that Field be subpoenaed so his testi mony could be matched against Budenz McCarthy has accused Latti more far eastern affairs expert of being Russias top spy in this country Budenz said on the witness stand Thursday that McCarthys accusation on that score was not technically accurate But he did back up the senators contention that the communists exercised dis ciplinary power over Lattimore A former highranking army in telligence officer followed Budenz to the stand and bluntly disputed that Lattimore was a communist Reds Throw Back American Protest AP Wirephoto WITH THE SENATOR CLOSE BEHIND Latti more lower left leaves senate hearing room in Washing ton during a recess Thursday followed closely by Senator Joseph McCarthy RWis upper Charges by McCarthy that Lattimore was a communist were given substance by Louis Budenz who told the senate subcom mittee that Lattimore was a member of a communist cell Others are not identified A DOGS LIFE Detroit Patricia J Stephens won a divorce because her husband thought it was fun ny to kiss the dog goodby and give me a pat every morning Another Excise Tax Cut Voted by Committee Washington The house ways and means committee Friday voted to cut federal excise taxes on furs jewelry cosmetics and other items The committee explaining that all its actions now are tentative and later may be revised voted to 1 Eliminate the 10 per cent sporting goods tax completely on childrens toys and goods predom inately used in schools This will free such items as baseballs and footballs from any excises wheth er used in schools or by profes sional teams 2 Cut in half the 20 per cent levy on jewelry and remove it entirely from watches selling at less than and alarm clocks re tailing at less than S5 3 Reduce from 20 per cent to 10 the impost on furs 4 Remove completely the 20 per cent levy on handbags purses wallets billfolds pocketbooks and card and key cases The full 20 per cent levy would be retained on other luggage classifications such as brief cases trunks and suit cases 5 Erase the 20 per cent levy on baby oils powder and lotions and cut from 20 per cent to 10 the im post on other toilet preparations such as cosmetics and shaving lo tions motion to eliminate the tax on things for the baby was offered by Rep Byrnes RWis who Thursday became the father of a 6 Reduce t h e manufacturers levy on all photographic equip ment to 10 per cent The tax now is 25 per cent on cameras and 15 per cent on films and plates 7 Cut the levy on household re frigerators from 10 per cent to 7 per cent Deep freezes would be added to the tax list for the first time at 7 per cent This was the only new tax added Friday 8 The levy on musical instru ments not including radios and phonographs would be trimmed from 10 per cent to 5 The 10 per cent levy would be retained on phonographs ana records and on radios and accessories Reds Fight for Hainan Look Ahetid to Formosa By DEWITT MACKENZIE AP Foreign Affairs Analyst The battle for the possession of Hainan island betweer the defending Chinese nationalists and the invading Chinese communists from the neighboring mainland is raging at furious and bloody pitch Probably as you look at your maps you wonder why eith er side should be impelled AP Wlrephoto CAT MOTHERS BABY a cat owned by Ed Rohde is shown in Muscatine with a tiny rabbit she is mothering Her family also includes 2 surviving kittens Mrs Patton of Ohio Elected DAR Prexy Washington James B Patton of Columbus Ohio Friday won the presidency of the Daugh ters of the American Revolution Mrs Patton a veteran of 40 years in the DAR defeated Mrs Edwin Stanton Lammers of Dal las Tex The vote was 1494 to 762 Mrs Pattons entire ticket swept into office ousting officials who have dominated the DAR for sev eral administrations Election tension was increased by the dismissal of a teller for marking someones ballot Interest was so keen that several thousand DAR members sat in Constitution Hall until aCter 1 a m Friday to hear the results announced expend so much in life and ef fort for this fabled Dragons Tail What strength would it add to the reds who already hold the vast continental area What good is it to Generalissimo Chiang Kaisheks nationalists when they lack the strength to invade the mainland Well those are legitimate ques tions and the answers to both are that in considerable degree the immediate gains sought are psy chological Crucial Point The loss of this great island with its rich natural resources would be a heavy blow to nation alist prestige and it would give a corresponding boost to red stock especially abroad However thats not the whole storyFrom the communist stand point there also is a definite mili tary objective For one thing the communists are working the old strategy of divide and conquer against the natiopalist forces as a whole Chiang Kaisheks main strong holds since his withdrawal from the continent have been the big island of Formosa his headquar ters and the seat of Hainan and the island of Chusah which dominates the huge bay of Hangchow and the sea route to Shanghai on the north In order to defend any one of these island strongholds the gen eralissimo must weaken the de fenses of one of the other 2 The defense of Hainan entails exactly that sacrifice Formosa Next When this scheme of divide andconquer has been carried far enough by the reds we shall see them launch lightning blows at Formosa and Chusan Formosa of course is the main objective since that is both mili tary and governmental base for the nationalists The assault on Hainan is a dress rehearsal for the invasion of Formosa NEW CITY TIME New York 50000 000 Americans will turn their timepieces ahead one hour April out of a litter of 4 The rabbit was brought home by 30 lishering in another season of Rohdes son Earl 14 after it was found in a nearby Held daylight saving time President Scans Military by Air Washington UR Under a leaden sky President Truman flew south Friday for a 2day look at some of the nations war machines in action The president with members of his staff took off at a m EST from National airport for Ft Benning Ga They flew aboard the presidents plane the Inde pendence After a 7hour visit at one of the armys largest installations he will fly to Elgin field an air force base in north Florida where he will devote most of Saturday to watching the newest planes in action with live ammunition and bombs Insist Our Lost Plane Armed B29 U S Accused of Covering Up Illegal Actions Washington Russias brushoff of the United States note on the SovietAmerican plane incident angered congress members Friday and brought from House Democratic Leader McCormack Mass a sugges tion that it might be well to break diplomatic relations McCormack said in a statement that the Russian attitude is in sulting He added It seems to me the time has arrivea when we should either call back our am bassador for a long period of con sultation or completely break off our diplomatic relations with the soviet union By THOMAS P WHITNEY Moscow Russia Fri day rejected every point of the American protest over the Baltic plane incident insisted the plane involved was a B29 and accused Washington of trying to coyer up illegal actions Russia said it could not even consider the U S demand forcom pensation in the loss of 10 crew men of the U S Navy Privateer which disappeared the same day Russia says its fighter planes in tercepted an American bomber OTer Latvia Russia warned that any unauthorized planes appear ing over Russian territory will be fired upon if they do not meet demands to land Sweeping aside the U S protest that the plane involved was an un armed crafti the soviet union ac cused the United States of trying to cover up the illegal actions of certain of its subordinates who disgraced themselves by grossly violating the generally recognized rules of international law In a note handed to U S Am bassador Alan GKirk Foreign Minister Andrei Y Vishinsky con tended the American plane had been attempting to photograph soviet defense installations The note said the soviet gov ernment confirms its resolute pro test of April 11 to the United States government against the gross violation Continue Rent Controls Until 1951Truman Washington President Truman prodded congress Friday o continue rent controls until mid 1951 He predicted a wave of ex orbitant rent increases if they are allowed to end June 30 when the present law expires And if that happens he said Small income people having to shell out more money for rent will cut down on buying food cloth ing and other necessities unem ployment will increase in indus tries losing sales Federal state and local govern ments will have to pay out more money for assistance to the needy Pensions both government and private to old people will become more inadequate Means Hardships In a special message Mr Tru man said removal of controls would mean serious hardship shortly after Moscow rejected as rf totinnte xrhri aro clearly absurd this countrys de CARL VINSON CHARGES ACT OF AGGRESSION Washington Chairman Vinson DGa of the house armed services committee Friday accused Russia of an act of aggres murderous dastardly despicable act which has been of ficially condoned by the Russian government He was talking about the loss of 10 American flyers aboard an un armed navy plane whicli the U S says was shot down by soviet fighter ulanes over the Baltic sea on April 8 Vinson addressed the house millions of tenants who are caught in a sellers market and cannot obtain lower rents by shop ping ground He said housing is the one acute shortage remaining from wartime and added Until supply is near enough to demand so that the forces of com petition will again operate effec tively to protect trie tenant rent control should continue Mr Truman went on to say that the policy should be continued of granting the landlord all justifi able increases in rent The basis of our policy has been fairness to both the landlords and the tenant he said Hearing Monday The senate banking committee will start hearings Monday on an extension measure with Tighe E Woods federal housing expediter as the main witness Woods brought representatives of 10 cities to the white house Thursday and all of them gener ally urged continuance of con trols Mr Truman said in his message to the legislators that a sudden and rapid increase in rents would affect adversely sales and employ ment in many industries arid trades SAME BUck flag menns traffic death In lil Hours absurd this countrys de mand for compensation for the loss of lives and for assurance that there will be no recurrence of the incident The armed services chairman took the floor when the house suspended other business to vote on a resolution honoring the 10 lost airmen The senate passed the measure last Wednesday 66 to 0 Vinson said the Americans were killed deliberately savagely and brutally and in wanton disre gard of human decency of princi ples of international law and of the most elementary rules of peaceful conduct between na tions He called the incident an act of aggression fay Russia Passage of the resolution he said is not an adequate answer to coldblonded murder of Ameri cans by a foreign power Our reaction must be reflected in American determination to maintain sufficient force to insure Russian respect he added Oth erwise we will race pellmell into another war a war fomented by our own military weakness Plans Being Made for Ottosen Paper Ottoscn a Hum boldt county town with a popula tion of 152 may soon have a news paper Claude Lawrence editor of the Livermorc Star announced at a meeting of the Ottosen commercial club that plans are in the making for publication of an Ottosen newspaper Ottosen has not had a news paper since 53 years ago when the Ottoscn Boomer was published V ;