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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, April 21, 1945

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 21, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF H ISTORY AND AftCHIVEt M01NES I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT Associated Pras and United Pisss Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Capyl MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY APKH 21 1945 MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MO 1S7 RED ARMIES STORMING BERLIN w fins Asch Czechoslovakia City INSIDE WASHINGTON Donald Vindicated On Reconversion Program Special to Central Press Washington Former WPIj south of Berlin K Wl lilt Chairman Donald M Nelson who The Iatest word a fought a bitter battle with the headquarters put the military services last summer ith A over a planfor progressive re aiuea armies t conversion to civilian production French 1st and the US 7th a southward to has been vindicated soiunward to The army vigorously opposed ward tne nazis BavarianAustri Nelsons plan an doubt and fought within 70 to authorize civilian output iu iv Buuiunze civilian output iu of Munich and 30 from Lake areas where and mate Constance rials were available It contended ene the plan would seriously hamper War production But now an official WPB re port cites one instance which is expected to be multiplied where a war plant which had been cut back on a navy order was pre pared to retain its employes bv speedy use of the spot authorf zation plan As many as 100000 iFs a roonth are believed to be flocking into essential industrieSor are be ing reclassified and inducted into the armed forcesThis is based on a secret service report tocongress that the number of 18 to 38year old registrants classified 4F dropped from 3591458 in Janu aryto 3393629 in February One official said that with ininpr exceptions it could be generally assumed that the men were either inducted or had gone into essential jobs Gen Dwigrht D Eisenhowers statement that a negotiated peace in Europe should not be expected echoed a similar belief in Wash ington quarters of an armistice the al lies will probably announce of ficially that all resistance has ceased in Germany This expecta tion is based on the general be lief that Hitler will retain a mea sure of control over guerrilla bands These socalled Were wolves perhaps eliteguard or SS members are thoroughly in doctrinated with Hitlers nazi ideology of bitterend resistance As the nation turns its thoughts to civilian production a cleavage in economic opinion is developing in congressional circles which may set the pattern for the post war period The schism which has split the democratic party into its popular alignment of southerns and new dealers broke out into the open recently Conservative southern democrats seeking to make an issue of the testimonial dinner for Justice Hugo Black of the United States supreme court asked lo have a stenographer present to record the speeches faction of the demo cratic parts which sponsored the dinner refused the invitation thus precipitating the further in terparty split Watch the WagnerMurray Thomas bill to guarantee 60 mil lion postwar jobs which former Vice President Henry Wallace ad vocates This should be another wedge in the politicoeconomic setup Vnilcd Stales airmen attribute the great success of American combat and bombing successes to a profound study of weather as a military weapon This is particu larly true against the Japanese ana guarding tne great cities of whose knowledge of the elements Utrecht Amsterdam The Honie annear in hp appears to be singularly incom plete Largescale bombing assaults are launched only after the weath erman at the air base has given the goahead In a 5000mile round trip from Guam to Tokyo airmen can attest thai a fu 11 information theycan possess DIES IN FRANCE Mr and Mrs Val entine Wagner of the Meyer vi cinity received word of the death Nuernberg touted shrine of the of their son Wilfred with the 5azlswas firmly Americanruled army in France He died of Sixth army group head army in France He died of pneu monia in March Pvt Wagne was married last fall before go ing overseas His wife resides a Austin Minn By JAMES M LONG Paris S Third army troops smashing into Czechoslo vakia captured Asch Saturday m a drive toward the munitions ci ties of Pilsen and PragueAt the same time Moscow dispatches de clared Soviet and American out riders were but 25 miles apart i Asch just inside the old Czech border fell to 3rd army fighting to cut off the redoubt from Czechoslovak factories Asch 15 60 miles from Pilsen Lt Gen George S Pattons troops farther south on Grafemvorh were 58 miles from Pilsen and 125 from Prague Red army front dispatches said Russian and U S patrols were as close as 25 miles south of Berlin and a junction on the Elbe 75 miles south of the German capital was believed imminent The best infonmation at allied headquarters was that 40 to 45 miles still separated Russians northeast of Dresden from U S 1st and 3rd army forces along the Mulde river east of Leipzig But it was clear that the 2 forces now could meet almost at will perhaps within the next 24 to 48 hours Doughboys were 15 to 20 miles from the Elbe opposite the Rus sian wedge and thesoviets were reported only 25 miles from the Elbe A British correspondent with the U S 9th army declared the muffled thunder Russian guns could be heard Two 9th army divisions opened a flank attack Saturday morning west of Wlitenberge about mid way between Berlin and Ham barer and Ihrust halfway throneh the Gartower forest The in fantry in a 7 mile gain cleared Prezelle 15 miles west of Witlen berse on the Elbe and the 5th armored gained up to 3 miles Diesdorf and Abbendorf were re captured and infiltrated enemy forces were mopped up General Eisenhower quickened his drives to crack open the areas where the Germans may make their last great north ern pert belt and the southern redoubt General Eisenhower conferred Friday with Field Marshal Mont gomery only a few miles from the front and declared in an order of the day that the German armies in the west are now tottering on the threshold of defeat British armor plunged into the outskirts of Zeven 20 miles north east of Bremen in a drive to en circle the river port and also cut the main road 5 miles south of Zevcn British troops were a mile from the suburbs of Hamburg 2nd city of Germany and now dominated 20 miles of the Elbe southeast of the city The Canadian 1st army intensi fied a drive on the naval ports of Emden and Wilhelmshaven against bitter oppositionPolish tanks captured Aschendorf on the railway lo Emden and patrolled into Papenburg 20 south o Em den German deepened flood waters along their Grebbe line in Hol land guarding the great cities of Heart of Nazi Capital 4 and Rotterdam but Canadians skirting the flood pushed to with in a mile north of Amersfoort 12 miles east of Utrecht Other Ca nadian units were within 3 miles of Delfzijl port on the Ems estu ary opposite Emden Third army units besides seli uiMj iaij ujai a iu 11 army units Desittcs seir knowledge of the weather en route ins Asch entered Arsbertr in Ger ts one of the most valuable bits of many 10 miles to the sonth and information they can possess Fetdenfels 23 miles belowAsch Fetdenfels 23 miles below pushing through lighjiy defend ed roadblocks Erbendorf 26 miles south of Asch was cleared The 3rd processed 7785 prisoners Fri day Nuernberg touted shrine of the quarters announced the army had killed or wounded 5000 Ger mans and captured 5000 more in the bitter 4day battle for the city W J HQLAHAN 76 SUCCUMBS William John Holahan 76 prominent Mason City business man for many years died at a lo cal hospital about 1230 gatr urday noon fol lowing an ill ness of about 3 weeks Funeral serv ices will be held at the Holy Family Catho lic church Mon day morning at W J Holahan oclock with Father R P Murphy officiat ing Burial will be at Waukon The body will lie in state at the Meyer funeral home where the Rosary will be said Saturday and Sunday evenings at 8 oclock Mr Holahan was born at Wau kon June 12 1868 the son of the late James and Catherine Holahan He was educated at the Waukon public schools and spent the early part of his life at Waufcon He was married to Anna L Eabton of Gar ner who preceded him in death Sept 30 W3B Since 1915 Mr Holahau had been the owner and operator of lhe Tdeal American Laundry and ZoHc Dry Cleaners plant in Ma son City He had been in a num ber of lines of business however starting his career as implement dealer in Postviile in 1888 From 1896 until 1899 he was as sociated with the Deering Har vester company in Mason City and from 1900 until 1902 lie was with the Moline Plow company in Ma son City In 1902 Mr Holahan went into the Canadian land busi ness at Winnipeg Canada later returning to the United States where he again entered business in Mason City He was a member ot the Rotary club the Knights of Columbus and the Holy Family Catholic church VETS ORGANIZE and women who formerly served in World War II this week formed the Iowa State Veterans Organization at Iowa State college They decided that all former servicemen and wom ho served en inciudingvpersons wh m the merehfnl rtrine gible for Sncmbership are cli GERMAN SS MEN LOAD BODIES OP VICTIMS man SS men captured by British forces at the concentra tion camp atBelsen are forced atbayonet point to load bodies of death camp victims into trucks tobe re moved for burial Belsen vlere thousands of dead dyinir and starving people were found in the concentration camp is 28 miles northeast of Hannover and 60 miles southeast of Bremen This is a British official photo AP wirephoto by radio from London Truman Determined to Stay at Desk to Tackle Problems By MERREWAK SMITH Washington UR President Truman is finding out just what it means to be the top man of the biggest government in history In his first business session with his inherited cabinet Friday he sat for an hour and In minutes and canvassed the widely varying tasks and problems of govern ment This cabinet may not be the same 3 month or two from now but Sir Truman was takingad vantage of its knowledse to study like an energetic scholar the vast expanse of the tremendous activi ties under his control He was putting his finger on first one governmental problem then another His aides thought he was getting a remarkable good grasp of the situation he faces For one thing he will be brought under immediate pressure lo relax the little steel formula forAvage stabilization In his pri vate conversations he has oiven no sign of departing from the holdtheline policies of the late President Roosevelt obviously fearful that any deviation would result m a damaging inflationary spiral He is beinjf peppered with rec ommendations for filling various federal vacancies primarily judgeships and all indications are that he is going along with what the congressional delegations think about these matters According to some of his close associates he has not gotten around to the point of considering in any detail basic changes in the cabinet This attitude was based on the theory that he has a good operating team together for the time being and changes which he wants to make can come when the government has from the impact of boss One recovered losing its thing the new president was determined to do Stay at his desk and tackle his vast accumu lation of official problems He spurned repeated requests to open the united nations conference at San Francisco banking instead on the wisdom of the American dele gation headed by Secretary of State Edward R Stettinius Jr Mr Truman showed something of his attitude toward official lite Friday at tuc 3Iair house recep tion for foreign ambassador and ministers assigned to Washington He walked in lo his double draw ing room was presented to each diplomat said a few words of greetings and ended the reception by walking ii ie space of less than five minutes Hes a man who means business New Vice President Chosen for Grinnell Gage Chrysler 61 of Grinnell was officially an nounced by the trustees of Grin nell college as that institutions new vice president Saturday Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Sunday partly cloudy and warmer with scat tered showers Iowa Fair and cooler Saturday increasing cloudiness Saturday night Sunday partly cloudy and warmer Scattered light showers in east and central portions IN MASON G1TY Maximum Friday fig Minimum Friday night 33 At 8 a m Saturday 34 YEAR AGO Maximum 45 Minimum 39 Precipitation 31 counter attack on nearby le island Saturdays Superfortress strike was directed against 9 major air fields on Kyushu island ranging from Kanoya largest naval air station in southern Japan to the Japanese Dome news agency said the 9 B29 formations poured lormations poured sam Britain had beei demolition bombs on the airstrips an absolutely united nation dur llYim R a m tn If 5 or from B a m to 10 A few hours previously thes snmc fields sent suicide olancs in Soviet Armies Clamp Blazing Siege Arc Around Doomed City BULLETIN troops were reported storming the Elbe river line at a new point northwest of Berlin Friday in a major bid to break through and join the red array in the final assault on the German capital London German high command acknowledged Saturday that Russian siege armies were storming Berlin and that a red army lightning thrust of more than 50 miles had outflanked the doomed capital completely on the south Gloomy nazi broadcasts said converging soviet armies had clamped a blazing siege arc against the eastern south eastern and northeastern suburbs of Berlin and that red army artillery had begun pumping shells into the heart of the city A German communique reported that a soviet column had raced up the Spree valley bypassed Berlin on the south and reached the area of Jueterbog 26 miles southwest of the and 40 miles from the U S 9th armys bridgehead across the Elbe Supplementary broadcasts re ported Russian forces ranging the region southwest of Berlin in the nreas of Truenbrietzen 23 miles from the capital and south of Beelitz 13 miles southwest of Berlin The speed with which the red army mobile units raced beyond Berlin iiftiicated that the nazis had mustered every last ounce of their strength for the defense of HINTCHURCHILL MAYBERETIRED AFTERVEDAY Asks Renewed Vigor for Prosecution of War Against Japan Bristol Prime Min ister Churchill hinled Saturday that he might retire or be re the defeat o Ger 829S RAKE JAP AIRFIELDS Months Toll of Nip Planes Rises to 2569 By LEONARD MILLIMAN Associated Press War Editor Hundreds of Superforts raked 9 airfields on southern Sat urday in their 3rd neutralizing raid this week on enemy bases used in the airsea war which cost the Mikado 2569 planes and 100 ships in a month against 15 Amer ican warcraft Adm Chester W Nimitz an nounced the onesided nava score as tanksupported 10th army troops cut wedges nearly a mile deeper into the enemys southern any icsuvities or Okinawa defenses 325 miles south Thanksgiving until we are assured or Japan and broke up a fierce from our military commancler many In a speech accepting thc free dom of this city he said that he or whoever stands in my place would have to ask warweary Britain for a new leap forward for a new lifting the soul and body to defeat Japan Churchill said that in the event there was a new prime minister he would support him whoever it may be but did not elaborate further However a genera elec tion will be held after VE day We have the Japanese to fin ish Churchill said and we have to stand absolutely with our great American ally in paying off at the other end of the world debts as heavy as ever were inflicted He called on Britain to help prosecute this 2nd war to a conclusion free from any doubt Churchill again dampened talk of a premature VE day We have no intention of en couraging any festivities or that the task is so far complete that everyone may cheer he lid The reference was taken as an indication that victory would he proclaimed only after all pockets m suumern japan to the omy auer ail nocxets quaintly named town of Usa The of German resistance have been Jannnf5r noie erased Churchill said Britain had been ing his 5 years as prime minister and praised his labor minister Ernest Bevin a laboritc whose re v uj i xwac LL another strike against the U S i denunciation of conservative invasion fleet off Okinawa parly had threatened to radio which normally cmolovs brck un lhe coalition astronomical figures for purported American naval losses said one destroyer was sunk in the Kcrama island Nimit7 said thai actually only 15 U S craft were sunk from March IS to April 18 They in cluded 5 destroyers Halligan Bush Colhoun Pringle M L 2 minecraft Emmans 1 destroyertransport 2 ammunition ships Hobbs Victory Logan a gunboat and 4 landing craft The 100 Nipponese ships in cluded the superbattleship Ya mato 2 cruisers 10 smaller war ships 33 freighters and 54 lesser craft Supported by incessant naval and land artillery fire in southern Okinawa the 7th division pushed to within 200 yards of the Yona baru air strip on thc east coast after a 1400 yard advance in the we are Coming to n inv jf trnni Other the capital itself and on the Elbe line to the west leaving the citys backdoor unbolted A Moscow dispatch said the final breakdown on the Berlin front was expected this weekend Thousands of soviet guns and planes were pouring steel and ex plosives Into he devastated city in a steaBy rain RAF Mosquitos joined in the bombardment with C separate blockbuster raids dur ing the night The muffled thunder of the bombardment was audible to American nth army troops alone the Elbe river 45 miles west of Berlin a front dispatch from that area said A BBC broadcast said that American and Russian patrols were only 25 miles apart in an unidentified sector of Germany The report was attributed to messages reaching Moscow A Unit Press dispatch from Mos cow Friday saia patrols already may have met The nazi Transocean agency said the first soviet shells were hitting the builtup area of Ber lin It said Paul Joseph Goebbels as defense commissioner had or dered Bcrliners unable lo reach their normal places of work through lack of transport to re port immediately for war work The Germans freely admitted the situation was deteriorating rapidly Both their primary and secondary defense lines east of the capital had been shattered They said the Russians were vastly sunerior in men and material From Moscow United Press War Correspondent M S Handler cableri The final breakthrough is ex pected over the weekend 4 Johannes Sleet an American radio commentator broadcasting from Paris said an agreement had been reached that the red army would be the first to enter Ber lin lie predicted the Russians would bypass the city and enter thc i it from the north as Europe is All our armies British armies in Holland and Germany are marching agains thc enemy and are today advanc ing sometimes in long strides on the Elbe We will soon be on the Baltic and we shall soon be at the Zui der Zee and we shall be able to bring relief lo the frillint starv ing people of Holland This is no time to talk of celebrations armies Mined J000 yards in the first day behind flamethrowin tanks Tanks were called in to stop a vicious Japanese counterattack on le island after 77th division sol diers were driven off a ridge It was retaken Of the estimated 1000 Nipponese onthe island 736 have been kitted Survivors were the 27th was SOB yards from Machtnalo airI Tokyo said 200 U S up with American forces and cut Europe in 2 A German DNB dispatch said soviet tank formations wheeling more than 35 miles to the north west after crossing the Spree riv er below Cottbus hod reached the Dahme area 36 miles almost due south of Berlin German reserves were rushed into battle the dispatch said and threw back the Soviets At Dahme the Russians probably were less than 50 miles from a junction with American 1st army beyond Leipzig Farther south soviet units across the Spree river deeply out flanked the Saxon industrial city of Goerlitz and were 19 miles from the provincial capital of Dresden These forces were 56 miles from the American 3rd army at Chemnitz Nazi broadcasts admitted that the Russians besieging Berlin had smashed to within 7 miles of the ;