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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 21, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL L Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wim Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY APRIL 21 1911 NO 169 STRONG NIPPON FORCE STARTS DRIVE IN HONAN Manchurian Units Lead Advance Wheat Crop Is Likely Objective Chungking new threat to China including the possibility of a manmade famine affecting 20000000 civilians and hundreds of thousands of soldiers developed Friday as strong Japanese forces striking from the svest drove across the PeipingHankow railway in northern Honan province A Chinese army spokesman said the Japanese offensive embracing between 50000 and 60000 troops was spearheaded by contingents from Manchuria where until now Japan has kept the flower of her army even through the 7 years war with China The Chinese surmised the spokesman said that the Japanese were making a bid to smash the Chinese grip on 150 miles of the PeipingHankow railway which would permit the enemy to link his north and central forces in China After being rebuilt the railway would provide an overland com munications route independent of menaced sea routes cither for of fensive action or to withdraw troops south of the Yangtze in event of a successful American landing in soutli China A later Chinese communique said the Japanese which crossed the PeipingHankow railway from the east had advanced to a point about 10 miles west of the line and indicated that an escape cor ridor of only about 30 miles ex isted for the Chinese forces in the Chenghsien area The Japanese column striking toward Chenghsien from the east had brought the city under shell lire it was stated Chinese battling to keep open the corridor suffered and in flicted high losses the high com IKE VIEWS 2000POUND INVASION BOMB D wight Eisenhower inspects a 2000pound bomb after christening a new flying fortress General Eke at a U S bomb er station in England With him arc Col Clarence Putnam of Jaeksboro Tex 2nd from left and Maj Gen James Doolittle extreme right Churchill Not Committed to Ending Imperial Preference London Minister Churchill told commons Friday that the BritishAmerican mutual assistance agreement was reached in 1942 with assurance from President Hoosevelt that we were no more to abolition of imperial preference than the American government was committed to abolition of their protective tariff Winding up the empire debate in commons Churchill said At my first meeting with the president of the United States in Newfoundland al the time of the mand declared Missionary quarters said the American and British embassies had advised all their nationals to evacuate the PeipingHankow railway region Aside from seizure of commnni eaUans the Japanese were be lieved bent upon securing the rich wheat crop now ripening in Uonan This crop Is the hope of millions of Chinese who in 1943 suffered the ravages of one ot the worst famines in Chinas long famine history and who subsequently were afflicted by plagues of locusts and floods CLAIM ALLIED NAVIES MASSING Berlin Radio Asserts Troops Leaving London London Berlin radio said Friday the American and British navies were massing the greatest concentration since Dun kirk in British home waters for the western invasion Troops are leaving London which is becoming more and more deserted by British American and Colonial troops the bro adcast said Every daynow troop trains are leaving Lohdbh stationstaking men to channel ports and to ports on the south and east coasts The Vichy radio also broadcast ing invasion rumors declared the main invasion from the would be timed with new allied assaults in Italy and the Balkans socalled Atlantic charter and be fore the United States had entered the meeting oil very anxi ous and critical asked for Insertion of the following words in the Atlantic charter which can be read in that docu ment With due respect for their existing obligations These are the limiting words and they were inserted for the express purpose of retaining to 18th Birthday Is Observed by Princess London blue eyed Princess Elizabeth next in line to rule the vast British empire came of reigning age Friday as she celebrated her 18th birthday Greetings from the farflung outposts of the empire she ex pects some day to rule poured in on the young princess who though still legally a minor for the next 3 years became a coun sellor of state empowered with others to act for her father King George VI in his absence How ever if at any time during the next 3 years she were to succeed to the throne she would do so as queen regent with royal powers and no question of the necessity for a regency A birthday cake baked in the royal kitchen graced the table at a family luncheon attended by the king and queen and other members of the royal family this house tor the dominions IOWAN GETS AWARD Headquarters 34th Division Italy Joseph Slatkoski of Colfax Iowa wasawarded the silver star for gallaniry in action for leaving his foxhole and brav ing a barrage of enemy artillery fire to rescue a wounded soldier Atherton Threatens Rankin With Fight for Opposing G I Bill New York H Ath erton national commander of the American Legion said Friday that if Rep John E Rankin DMiss chairman of the house war veter ans committee persisted in oppo sition to unemployment insurance for war veterans the Legion would fight him at the polls Atherton said in a press con ference he had been informed by Rankin that the G I bill of rights sponsored by the Legion would not be reported out of committee until next week and that he did not like the unemployment insur ance feature of the bill and ex pressed the opinion privately to me that he was opposed to all un employment insurance If Mr Rankin means that he vants to deny unemployment in urance lo the men now carrying i bayonet for Uncle Lam Ather ton said the veterans of the American Legion intend to fight lim right down the line and to ake the issue to every voter in he country The G I bill of rights proposes establishment of additional veter ans hospitals orderly dcmobiliza ion continuing education for those within certain age limits unemployment insurance and the payment by the government in certain cases of down payment loans to veterans who wish to get started in business Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Mostly cloudy Fri day night and Saturday with showers probably heavy and scattered thunderstorms Not much change in temperature Iowa Cloudy and windy Friday and Saturday with rain Friday night and in south and east por tions Saturday Cooler Satur day Minnesota Partly cloudy north and cloudy south portion Friday night and Saturday Occasional light rain extreme south portion Friday night and extreme south cast portion Saturday Little change in temperature IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 45 Minimum Thursday night 39 At 8 a m Friday 40 Rain 31 inch YEAR AGO Maximum 39 Minimum 29 37500000 Postcard Ballot Applications Are Ordered Printed Washington war bal lot commission has ordered the printing of 37500000 postcard application forms on which serv ice personnel may apply for bal lots to be elections cast in forthcoming The army will receive 31000 000 the navy 6000000 and the war shippiing administration 500 000 The commission said the large number was ordered so that there would be an adequate supply even if some shipments were lost through enemy action or meet with unavoidable delays enroute to the combat zones TRAIN KILLS TRANSIENT Waterloo Freitge 7B a transient was killed late Thursday night by a freight train He is believed lo have a brother living at Rochester Minn and a sister at Caslon Minn the fullest possible rights and lib erties over the question of im perial preference Imperial preference means that states belonging to fhe Brit ish empire charge lower impor duties on goods coining from other states of the empire thai they do on goods arriving froir countries outside the empire Sometimes it means a waiving o duties altogether on empire goods Again in February 1942 h went on when the United State was our closest ally I did no agree to article 7 of the inutua aid agreement without having previously obtained from the president a definite assuranc that we were no more committei to the abolition of imperial pref erence than the American gov ernment was committed to th abolition of their protective tar iffs This part of the prime minis ters statement was greeted wit loud approving shouts of Hear Hear The agreement for discussin as to how a greater volume o trade and a more harmonious flo of trade can be created in the im mediate postwar years leaves u in every respect so far as actio is concerned perfectly free Churchill said How could it otherwise be when parliament itself would not only have to debate the matters but would have to legislate upon them when they were brought before it I am convinced that there should be a careful searching and farreaching discussion of the eco nomics of the postwar world and a sincere attempt should he made to reconcile conflicting interests wherever possible There must be a wholehearted endeavor begun in good time to promote the greatest interchange of goods and services between various communities of the world and lo strive for that process of betterment of the standards of living in every country without which expanding markets are im possible and without which world prosperity is a dream which might easily turn into a nightmare Declaring he never thought the empire needed tying together with strings Churchill said he agreed that natural forces will carry everything before them especially when those forces arc fanned forward as they will be by the wings of victory in a righteous cause Reviewing Britains ups and downs Churchill acknowledged there had been mistakes but at this stage of the conflict we find the British commonwealth and empire more strongly united than ever before It is extraordinary he went on what a business it has be come to sneer at the British em pire Those who have tried it in the United States have been dis credited Those who have tried it in the dominions have found no public backing x x x H G FRIESNER 65 SUCCUMBS Funeral Rites to Be Saturday Afternoon Harvey Clarence Friesner G5 ied at his home 246 Crescent Irive at oclock Thursday fternoon following an illness of bout 5 weeks He had been in ailing health for the past 4 years Mr Friesner was born July 19 878 in Marshall county Iowa le came to Mason City in 1918 From 1918 to 19116 he operated he Friesner Fruit company here Surviving are his wife Lillian il Friesner a son Lt Curtis D Yiesner Camp Shelby Miss a daughter Mrs Myron C Arbuckle jrandson John Waterloo He vas preceded in death by a daugh ter Elizabeth Sept 15 1935 Mr Friesner was a member ot the Elks lodge He was also avct eran of the SpanishAmerican war Funeral services will be held Saturday afternoon at oclock at the Patterson funeral home with Doctor Roy C Helfenstein pastor of the First Congregational church officiating Burial will be at Me morial Park cemetery The Pat terson funeral home in charge NAZI ASSAULTS ALONG ESTONIA More Than 2000 German Soldiers Left Dead on Battlefield Moscow German lank and infantry attacks have been beaten back by the red army near the Estonian border town of Narva and at the foot of the Car pathians more than 800 miles to the south a soviet communique announced Friday The German blows on the Baltic front which had been quiet for 6 weeks were directed against the Russian bridgehead on the west bank of the Natova river south west of Narva and were preceded by a heavy artillery barrage the announcement declared Hitlerites appeared to hope to smash our defenses in one blow but they miscalculated the bul letin said More than 2000 Ger mans were officially reported left deadon the battlefield and many more slain in repeated attacks The GermanHungarian coun teroffensive at the foot of the Carpathians first announced by the Russians 2 days ago spread Thursday from the east ot Stanis lawow to the south where the red army was credited with hurling back furious attacks At least 2300 axis troops were killed the communique said but the Germans continued neverthe less to exert relentless pressure on our positions from 2 sides and violent engagements went on throughout the day Grim battles were reported con tinuing in full swing at the out skirts of besieged Sevastopol meanwhile and front dispatches said that thousands of Germans and Ronxinians drowned in the Black Sea as soviet bombers and torpedo planes kept up hourly at tacks affainst convoys seeking to reach Romanian ports The Russians said bombers at tacked 2 convoys Monday night Heaviest Bomb Load of War Hits 4 Nazi R R Centers Patton Arrives for Duty in European Theater of War London PistolPacking Lt Gen George S Patlon who com manded the American 7th army in Sicily has arrived in the Euro pean theater of operations for duly it was announced officially Friday The general had last been ported in Cairo in the middle east where was rumored Araterloo and David Arbucklc most ended it opinions in peace or wartime Pat sinking a 3000ton transport and another of 2000 tons and on the following day swooped on 2 more convoys sinking a 5000ton trans port and numerous smaller ships and barges Axis troops jamming were being pounded by Russian artillery com manding nearby heights the dis patches added A dispatch from Associated Press Correspondent Henry C Cassidy in Odessa quoted Rear Admiral Sergei Federovich Bc luzov commandant at that base as saying that American and Brit ish equipment particularly planes was being used by the Black Sea fleet In the present phase of the bat tle for Sevastopol the admiral de clared the red fleet has ships of all classes at its disposal while the Germans possess nothing larger than a destroyer Southwest of Tarnopol in the western Ukraine minor battles of local importance were reported Thursday with the Russians cap turing several villages taking prisoners and destroying about a battalion of German infantry The soviet air force carried out attacks against railway junctions in Latvia and a peat factory in Estonia the communique said antagonized hem but his conduct praise from Americans and British months ago he was to lead an allied invasion of the Balkans He had dropped from the spot light however following the vic tory in Sicily and after the soldier slapping incident was disclosed last November This incident in volved the punishment ot a shell shocked soldier and Pattoti later publicly apologized to the 7th army Patlon stepped into the lime light with the landing of his troops at Casablanca in Novem ber J042 when with pearl handled pistols slapping at each hip he went ashore with an ulti matum for the surrender of the French forces Later he commander the Ameri can forces in the battle of El Giictar in southern Tunisia giv ing over command of the Ameri can 2nd army corps to Lt Gen Omar N Bradley for the final push on Tunis and Bizertc only when recalled to train the 7th army for the Sicilian invasion Bradley is now the senior commander of American ground forces in Britain Gcu Dwight D Eisenhower is known to have sreat faith in the ability of the colorful armored force expert who was a contro versial figure even before the lightning Sicilian campaign cli maxed his military career and al southwestern half of Sicily but army originally was to capture only the when Gen Sir Bernard L Monl Ncver reluctant to express his gomerys famed 8th army became at Catania on the cast ton often has horrified more concoast Patton swung his army north servative officers and his flair on Eisenhowers orders and for a flamboyant behavior often the first to reach Messina H C FKIESNEK Saturday 3 Nazi Prisoners Who Escaped Are Captured Omaha fP The 3 German prisoners of war who scaped from Camp Phillips Kans early Wednesday were captured Thurs day afternoon about 30 miles away at Alarquette Kans The Omaha FBI office said the trio led by Walter Wernicke 23 a previous escapee was found hid ing in an abandoned machine shop The other 2 were Kurt Zerbc 23 and Herbert Mikes 32 JAPS REINFORCE KOHIMA SECTOR Allies Progressing in Cleaning Up Roadblocks Southeast Asia Headquarters Kandy Ceylon the monsoon less than a month away the Japanese were reported of ficially Friday to be sending re inforcements lo the Kohima area n northern India where a be garrison was re this week by a Just 2 days Left to place that want ad obtain special rates DURING NATIONAL WANT AD WEEK to 8 Insertions for the price of 4 Insertions for the price of 6 3 Do you need help for the spring housecleaning Phone 3800 Remember GlobeGazette Want Ads Bring Results Roemig Sabotage Case Is Near Federal Jury in Cedar Rapids Court Cedar Rapids case of Louis Roemig Jr charged with sabotage in connection with a S25 000 fire at the Middle Amana Re frigeration Manufacturing plant last June 7 was expected to reach the jury in U S district court Fri day In his closing argument US Attorney T E Diamond referred to the defendants conflicting stories about xvhat he had been doing on the night of the fire Dia mond said he felt the government had proved conclusively that Roe mig had started the blaze Carl Lambnch attorney for Foe mig asserted that the government had failed to establish a motive for Roemig in the case pointing out that the accused man worked in the plant and his family held stock in the enterprise sieged allied lieved earlier column dispatched from Dimapur 35 miles to the north Allied forces however were said to be making steady progress in cleaning up roadblocks The Japanese who have made several unsuccessful attempts to take Kobima in recent weeks have lost 400 men in recent fightinj around the village field dis patches said At the same time it was dis British and Indian Testify They Bought Gas Without Coupons From Iowa Oil Firm DCS Moines UP Government witnesses testified at a hearing Thursday that tiiey purchased gasoline without coupons from filling stations operated by 1 Linebcrgers Service Oil company The hearing is being field be fore District Judge Loy Ladd who is presiding as a special commis sioner for the office of price ad ministrator H is the first large hearing of its kind in the DCS Moines district Witnesses called by Donald D Holdoegel DCS Moines OPA dis trict attorney included Hans F Roberg Dccorah produce man and former OPA investigator Judge Ladds findings of fact will be reviewed by John F Man niere acting chief hearing com missioner for the OPA midwest region at Chicago who will make the final decision The maximum penalty under RAF SENDS OUT 1100 BOMBERS ON NIGHT RAID Germans Report Heavy American Assault Is Made on Bucharest London German ra dio reported a major attack Fri day on southeastern Europe by American heavy bombers and the air ministry announced the RAF Thursday night dropped the heav iest bomb load of the than 5040 ions on 4 railroad centers in Germany and occupied countries A German broadcast said Bu charest was attacked by the American bombers apparently from bases in Italy More than 1100 greatest force of these planes ever dispatched by the par in Friday nights smash against Cologne and other ccnlcrs This was the 2nd time within 4 lays that the 15 A F had broken the record for bomb tonnage More than 4480 tons were cas caded Tuesday night upon 4 other railroad centers Only bombers were lost in the tremendous night operations including a mosquito raid on Ber lin w h i c h quickly followed Thursdays dusk attack on Adolf Hitlers Atlantic wall by a fleet of 750 to 1000 flying fortresses American losses were 9 bombers Ail air ministry communique said a great weight of bombs was dropped in the 4ply assault sug gesting that it might have ex ceeded the 4480 tons deposited an French rail targets by a 1000 bomber fleet oil Tuesday night when the RAF marked up a rec ord in bomb tonnage less than 72 hours allied air invasion forces in Britain had sent over 9000 planes roaring against the European fortress with close to 15000 mixed tons of ex Yonks Encounter Nazi Fighters in Northern France London than 300 American marauder and havoc bombers dropped upwards of 500 tons of explosives Friday after noon on northern France fighting through violent ground fire and a small number of enemy fighters Five bombers were lost all the RAF Dominion and allied spit ires which accompanied them re The enemy fighters were tlic first jiut up in northern France in more than a month This suggested this procedure is suspension from dealing in gasoline and other ra tioned commodities for the dura lion of the war closed that troops had advanced 30 miles northeast of Imphal lo a point about 35 miles from Kohima Lt Gen Joseph W Slilwclls Chinese forces in northern Burma j meanwhile were a c v a n c i n g Australian W 3f steadily southward along the cast bank of the Mogaung river toward ShnrWd iW Srmrt Kamaing which is about SO miles uy JIIUH west of the important enemy sup ply base and communications cen ter of Myitkyina Credit Censor With Bit of Backstoppmg Atlanta censor in the South Pacific was credited by ma rine corps headquarters here with this bit of backstopping On the company bulletin board was posted a Blank Letter at mail desk Name on envelope Dorothy name on letter Betty Check and if cor rect mail Across the hills to the cast Kachin levies ambushed a force of Japanese on the Myitkyina road Imports to U S Are Greater Than m 38 Washington Despite U boats and the closure of many normal trade routes offshore im ports into the United Slates to taled 31000000 long tons in 1043 n tonnage greater than in pcnce ligic 1938 it was announced Thursday More than 95 per cent was made up of commodities on i Ihc shipping priority list of the war production board WPB re ported The small quantity ot un controlled products per cent of the cited as evidence of the effectiveness of the cargo priority system Dresses in America Sail Francisco Luis Clement Australian war bride enroute to the home of her hus bands parents Mr and Mrs Wil liam Clement HumbokH Nebr said Thursday she was shocked j at the short dresses here1 If we Australian girls wore such short dresses she said the men would whistle with 2 fingers She thought she would like Ne braska because the FBI man who investigated her in Australia was a Ncbraskan and talked about his home state instead of investigat BACK WAGES RESTORED DCS Moines W Ar nold of the U S department of la bor DCS Moines office reported Friday that 35 Iowa concerns re stored 31116022 in back wages and unpaid overtime to 142 em ployes during March as a result of inspections under the wagehour and public contracts laws Vichy Reports Soviet Troops on Italian Front London Germancon trolled Vichy radio said Friday that a detachment of soviet troops had arrived in southern Italy to fight against Italian fascist forces There was no confirmation of the report from Allied sources Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazelle carrier boy ing She learned Australia so it pretty She agreed its flat like and other Aus trailian girls that Americans talk through their noses but said that my husband speaks almost as well as an Australian Me says give me me hat give me me shoes just like that that the allies be crippling the German forward positions in the invasion area to such an extent that the German command had de termined to increase its protection The 500 tons carried o France Friday pushed the total tonnage of bombs dropped by mediums this month to 4800 exceeding the record of l100 set last month A scare of attacked jnst as the bombers ap proachcii their targcls Marauder suns claimcii some kills which Mill arc Ijcins assessed One of the gunners described Ihc flak as big black whirlpools losivcs on rail junctions which ic the invasion coast with the defending airfields plane actories and coastal defense in stallations in an unprecedented lattcrn of destruction obviously Icsigned to flatten a path for Gen Dxvighl D Eisenhowers troops This pattern was continued Fri day as bomber formations includ 11B American marauders skipped across the channel continental radio stations closed down and spitfires harassed the military ob jectives in northern France that were hit by 2500 tons of explo sives by the Americans Thursday In addition to Cologne rail tar gets hit in the RAF assault Thurs day night were Ottignics 13 miles southeast of Brussels Lens in the PasDcCalais area of France and La Chapelle on the outskirts ot Paris where n ring of rail junc tions had been attacked in recent raids Beaufishlers ot the coastal com mand also made a foray against shipping off the Dutch coast hit ting one large escort vessel with a torpedo and damaging 12 smaller ones Although Cologne was bombed through clouds with the aid of both ground and sky markers dropped by pathfinders the communique said the clusters of bombs were well bunched Cologne was riddled by Britains first 1000bombcr assault on May 30 1942 but the city still is Ger manys 3rd largest and the air ministry explained that its rail ways now largely icpaircd were Youth Dies of Burns From Prairie Fire Pierre S Dak Hedman Hayes 18 year old high school junior died Thursday in the Pierre hospital of burns re ceived in a prairie fire near San sarc Witnesses said the youth was plowing a fire strip with a tracto when the machine stalled Tc wa burned when he jumped off and attempted to escape through Ihe still vital to the German war el surrounding flames I fort ;