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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 21, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COMP CE P ARTMiFjNT OF HISTCHY AND ARCHIVES 0 E S A THE NIWSPAPEK THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED PBESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED MASON CITY IQWATTUESDAY All the News That Isnt Helpful to Axis Enemies Basic Rule of Censorship Town has pretty layed my fears GlobeGazettes Editor Writes of Conference Held at Washington By W EARL HALL Globe Gazette Managing Editor I have returned genuincly heartened from a weeks jaunt to Washington and New York I went with some very definite misgiv ings with respect to Americas war effort what I saw and heard and sensed in the east particu larly in the capital city which is being aptly referred to as Boom largely al Through the welter of confusion incident to the greatest task ever undertaken by a nation in the his tory of civilization I discerned a definite and unmistakable pattern of integrated plan and purpose If one is looking for things that are wrong naturally theres much to be found Even in small mat s Always easy to pick flaws and find fault And this war effort js no small matter Its gigantic beyond comprehension The observer however who the scene from an objec tive point of view fairly and dispassionately will find far more thats RIGHT than WRONG That was my attitude on this hurried jaunt and thats tne conclusion I reached My mission had to do with news censorship for newspaper and ra dio I was one of about a half hun dred editors called in to Wash ington not at government ex pense to counsel with Byron Price and his able associates in the national office of censorship Each state representative is charged with the job of getting censorship information to and en listing the fullest cooperation of all newspapers in his own state In Iowa this will include the radio as well as the weeklies and dailies In short we are asked to carry the message to Garcia Iowas neighboring states we represented by the following E E Lindsay Decatur 111 George W Marble Fort Scott Kans Fred Sctulpin St CJoud Minn H R Wiecking WinbrfaMinh fc M White Mexico Mo Fred A Beaton Hastings Nebr M M Oppergard Grandforks N Dak H J Schmitt Aberdeen S Dak Don Anderson Madison Wist In addition to our discussions within the family so to speak we had contacts with Donald Nelson production chief J Edgar Hoover of FBI Douglas MacLeish head of the office of facts and figures war the lack of uniformity of rules as between this country and our allies and the prone ness on he part of a few for eign correspondenls to fudge a bit has been a thorn in the flesh Brazil for example identifies and describes its ships sunk by subs The London correspondent who told the world about a trans port fleet enrou te to Australia was no less popular than an epi demic of measles for a week or two around official Washington Donald Nelson in his half hour talk to our group stressed the point that the overall problem facing a nation seeking to gear itself to allout war is getting the right materials to the right places at the right time In his frankness and directness of method the war production board chieftain reminds one of Wendell Willkie Almost to a man those who watched him in action at Washington and again a couple days later at the convention of American newspaper editors in had this o sa JAPAN SOUNDS NEW ALARM Chinese Save 7000 Encircled British Hes made to measure for his and the press chieftains of both army and navy Everywhere we found an un equivocal acceptance of the Principle that THE AMERICAN PUBLIC IS ENTITLED TO BE FULLY INFORMED ABOUT OUR GOVERNMENT AND THE WAR EFFORT SO LONG AS THAT INFORMATION WILL NOT BE HELPFUL TO THE ENEMT There is no plan or wish to choke off editorial or radio criticism This is the guiding rule of American censorship approved by government newspapers and ra dio alike It differs from axis cen sorship in that it is voluntarily ac cepted not imposed from on high The public too is a full partner in this arrangement as has been manifest the past three days in connection with the first bombing of Japan Up to the time this is written all information concern ing it has come from Tokio and Berlin none from Washington There has been an understand ing on the part of the reading and listening public that detailed in formation about the raid from Washington would provide Japan with valuable help in combating future bombings For one thine Tokio would like to know from where the combers came Wouldnt Wash ington be a sucker to reveal such vital information This is obvious to the public and the official bottlingup of the infor mation is nol only tolerated but acclaimed 34 News on enemy submarine sinkings and in the of submarines has presented some great difficulties Here again the practice has been to conceal help ful information from the enemy By the nature of things sub crews work pretty much in the dark and our navy authorities have sought to keep it so During the twoday conference there was frank admission by those charged with directing mili tary news dissemination and news censorship that mistakes have been made An endeavor is being job1 Mr Nelson himself denied the claim that there is such a thing as a super man obviously prompted by such a reference to him on oc casion No he isnt a super man But hell do until one comes along Much of what transpired in our conferences with the hiBh up army and navy authorities was of a confidential nature and off the record Questions were in order and they were forth coming you may be sure from men for whom asking questions is a stock in trade Evidence in the form of official navy moving pictures convinced us that the story of Pearl rfarbor was both accurate and complete A first hand account of the fighting in Bataan by a colonel who participated in it increased our admiration for the valor of MacArthur and his men A blackout entirely successful so far as I COULDNT see was staged our first night in Washing the Willard hotel and my party moved up to a guest room to view the spectacle Except for a few red lights marking streetrepairs under way ail was darkness Airplanes circled above for a photographic test of the efficacy 7heu caPlals first blackout With the all clear signal auto mobiles parked along the curbs turned on lights first Then build ings were lighted and last street lights glowed again All in all U was an impressive experience a bit on the eerie side My last afternoon in Wash ington was given over to visit ing members of the Iowa delc eration These included Senator Herring RcDresentatives Talle LcComptc Jensen and Martin John Gwynne and threor four others had not yet returned from their recess spent in their home districts All of them I can say are aware that a pri mary election impends Perhaps the most sensational of the series of speeches heard on this trip was one presented in New York by Major Boyle per haps the most famous of Britains famous commandos After detailing the rigorous training essential in that branch of service he proceeded to tell of sonie of the commandos exploits in France the Lowlands Norway and North Africa One of these had to do with the near capture of Nazi General Rommel at his headquarters in Libya Guards and associate offi cers were liquidated in short or der but Rommel escaped capture by being absent the major ex plained All of the commandos ex cept two returned to their base safely from this spectacular foray Other interesting persons met RECAPTURE OF OIL CENTER IN BURMACLAIMED Severe Fighting With Japanese Is Reported South of Yenangyaung CHUNGKING Chinese forces which recaptured the oil SCnnnn1 YenanSyaung saved 7 000 encircled British troops and 100 supply trucks in the first al lied victory in Burma an army spokesman said Tuesday After rescuing the British the Chinese fought with their allies under British command and drove three miles south of Jenanjryaimg through the rub ble of burned oil wells to which the torch had been applied Severe fighting with the Japan ese still is m progress the spokes man said The Chinese commanded by U t Lieut Gen Joseph W Stilwell moved into the British sector at the request of thenallies high command the spokesman added One Chinese battalion commander was killed leading his troops in the recapture of Yonangyaung The fury of the Burma fjghtin continued unabated throughout last week and fiercer battles are Navy Hero in Washington tho army said The morale of the Chinese forces who have fought for a month with glaring air inferiority was said to be high Field dispatches assure us they vare as determined as ever to check heenemys the spokesman said The Brit ish who have been hard pressed even longer certainly deserved succor in the form of more ade quate air support The British in a New Delhi communique confirmed the recap ture of Yenangyaung saying that Chinese forces are in occupation of the oil center and that no fur in 01 11 i Lieut Edward H OHare the navys air hero accom pamed by his bride of seven months the Ktti Wooster of Jluscatine sets out for undisclosed dutes af e his arrival at National Airport Washington OHare of St ninrtt nrl had been reported ther action oy them Hank along the Alweeu river were said by the British to be under increasing Japanese pres sure near Pyinmana The London report from New Delhi said Chinese forces were in complete occupation of Yenans yaunff center of a rich oil pool Brilish TH lheir a the TRY TO ANNIHILATE ISOLATED JAP TROOPS LONDON WA regiment seek id a Chinese rifle to annihilate iso and heard at the New York meet ing were John Kieran of infor mation Please fame and William Allen White noted Emporia Kan sas editor i into his seventies Mr White lacks none of his oldlime oratorical fire Mr Kieran hit his real stride after his formal ad dress was over and the editors began firing sports questions at him trom the floor u lso ated Japanese troops a military commentator said Tuesday co f was described as o Md ax foices Japancse cut off in cu o thin area are part of a force wh Oil tields after demolished them last week n infiltrated the southeast British rear in and cu and cut off the made to profit mistakes One source of difficulty from these past has rale from white house that km of men killed in action must all be notified before the news of a naval action can be re leased to the public This was re sponsible for the greatly delayed report on our naval losses off Java An important modification of this rale seems definitely in pros Almost from the start oC American participation in the A Want Ad is the Best For Rent Sign Hang your for rent sign in a Want Ad dur ing National Want Ad Week If you want to find a renter for your prop erty a tenant for your va cant room apartment business location or whatever you have be read by the thousands ers of the want ad section during National Want Ad Week insertions for the price of 6 4 insertions for the price of 3 Remember GlobeGazette Want Ads Bring Results guard south of the oil fields Warn Vatican Not to Accept Jap Envoy LONDON UJ9An official spokesman said Tuesday that the government had warned the Vati can before it accepted the cre dentials of a Japanese envoy that acceptance would be widely in terpreted as being the result of of JanrnSSUrC a ol Japan s treacherous and un provoked attack OHARE MEDAL Promotion to Rank of Lieutenant Commander Is Also Approved WASHINGTON Roosevelt Tuesday personally presented the congressional medal of honor to Lieut Edward H OHare for his heroism in shoot ing down six Japanese bombers in a February engagement off the Gilbert islands OHare also received as prise from Mr Roosevelt his ap proved promotion to the rank of lieutenant commander Standing stiffy at attention be fore his commanderinchief the 28 year old St Louis naval air fighter heard Mr Roosevelt cite OHare Interview to Be Given on KGLO Lieut Edward II OHare who was awarded the congressional medal of honor will be inter viewed over KGLOCBS Tues day niffht at oclock by Eric Scvcrcirt CBS Washington cor respondent him for having carried out one of the most daring if not the most daring single action in the his tory of combat aviation OHare is the first hero nf World war II to be decorated per sonally by the president OHares attractive bride of seven months witnessed the cere mony and beamed with pride as Mr Roosevelt praised her husband in superlative terms v Before presenting the medal the chief executive informed OHare of his promotion to the rank or lieutenant commander O Hare murmured that is nice Mr President when Roosevelt handed him the vancemonl papers The president pointed out that uniform still bore the very Mr ad O Hares e stripes of a lieutenant junior grade OHare reacted to this joshing with plain boyish cmbarl rassment MRSrtEftHY DIES IN VICHY Wife of Ambassador to France Recalled by F R Succumbs VICHY Unoccupied France William D Leahy wife of the United States ambassador to France died here Tuesday She underwent a major operation last week Mrs Leahy tbe former Louise rcnnent Harrington had been in ill health for several years Later in 1940 she traveled from Vichy to Lisbon to spend several weeks m Portugal at the time the couples only son William H Leahy an of ficer in the United States navv was there She and Admiral Leahy were married on Feb 3 1904 When the ambassador was re called to Washington for consul tation during the formation of new government of Pierre Laval last week the United States em bassy m Vichy said Admiral Leahys departure would have to be postponed several weeks be cause of Mrs Leahys condition She was then in a hospital DEFENDERS ON PANAYS WEST COAST RETREAT Heavy Bombardment of Manila Bay Forts Decreasing WASHINGTON flH e a v enemy attacks have forced thl AmericanFilipino defenders t withdraw from two positions in the province of Antique on the west coast of the island of Panay the war department reported Tues The heavy bombardment of the islaml forts at Manila bay by 240 millimeter guns on both shores of the bay lessened late Monday the communique said and the damage inflicted was not great In dive bomber attacks on Fort Hughes near Corregitlor am ion Drum close to the Cavite snore most of the bombs dropped larmlessly jn the water and no damage or casualties were ported on cither island Terse war department numques told Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Not much chane in temperature Tuesday Light scattered frosts Tuesday night Slowly rising tempera tures Wednesday forenoon IOWA Little temperature change Tuesday night and Wednesday forenoen except slightly warm er in extreme northwest Tues day night Scattered light frost m northeast and east central portions Tuesday night MINNESOTA Little c h a n c southeast and somewhat warm er northwest portions Tuesday night and Wednesday forenoon IN MASON CITY lobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 71 Minimum Monday night lt At 8 a m Tuesday 45 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum which will fly side to i of a force with operational bases re ses re liable sources reported Tuesday week weeks ago Churchill and Prime Minister President ROOSR re coming George f S army chief army chief of staff reaffirmed the American de cision to join in Britains offensive to Fly Beside RAF bases in Europe observers say they expect to see the Red White and Blue insignia of U S army bombing planes in the sky any day now Nearly all aviation correspond ents of British newspapers have been speculating on their imminent arrival The first were expected to be heavy planes capable of flying the Atlantic and going into serv ice quickly after mechanical tune ups and establishment ot base fa cilities most of which have been provided readymade by the Brit ish To follow will be medium bombers and possibly divebomb ers which some commentators have long regarded as a need of the British air force The RAF now has some on order in the United States The shorterranged craft must be sent by ship and will take longer to deliver Monday thunderous daylong bombardment Hnine inch shells following the first waves of dive bomber attacks attempted since the fall of Bataan Big 240 millimeter guns went nto action on opposite sides of the beleaguered fortress as the aerial attacks spent themselves The artillery cross fire coming from Bataan and Cavite caused Eamecasualtiesjnd age the war department said in a late afternoon report A forenoon said American guns re timed the fire silencing at least luee enemy batteries and brcak ng up three truck and troop con centrations in Bataan American antiaircraft batteries on the tad island hit a Japanese bomber during the aerial assaults Army officers said tlic artil lery pouniltnjr undoubtedly was the most severe thus far aimed at Hie fortress which controls the entrance to Manila bay Tile communique said CorreKidor was severely shelled white nearby Forts Hughes and Drum also drew considerable fire Sharp fighting was reported to the south on the island of Panay where counterattacks by Ameri canFilipino troops halted invad ing Japanese near Larnbanao i urther landings by enemy forces were reported in the vicinity of ban Jose however JAPS CLAUt TOWN OF CALINOG OCCUPIED TOKIO from Japanese broad casts tfPDoirci reported Tues ces on the Panay had occupied the town of Calinog 40 ciay that Japanese force Philippine island of Pa occupied the town of Cano miles north of the port of Iloilo on the southeast coast Claim Vichy Gave Ships to Japanese LONDON French diplomatic sources said Tuesday they had confirmed the report that the Vichy government had turned over to Japan 60000 tons of merchant shipping in Frond JudoChina for use against the United States and allied nations They said the arrangement had been completed five or six weeks ago at about the time French supplies were coing to German forces in Libya adjoin ing French Tunisia in Karlh Africa for use against the Brit ish V The United States stale de partment Monday night known thit it had sent a stronelv worded protest to Vkliy concern ing reports that the French had put several merchantmen at Ja pans disposal in IndoChina In commenting state clenart mcn officials said they had no knowledge of London reports lh aUOOO tons of ships had boon turned over to Japan Latest Lon put the Ii8lrc a It was pointed out hat he re ported transfer of Vichy merchant ships in French IndoChina was maneuvered before Pierre Lavai took office But allied leaders were ipculy anxious over the possibility that in some way Germany might Sct hold of the French fleet At the same time there was fear that revolt might start in France prematurely and endan ger any allied invasion plans Britain and Free France have pointed for many months toward organizing by means of secret service agents and radio and Icaf et propaganda an underground army which would rise at signal and aid allied forces to consolidate positions on the continent They do not however want to ee a situation in which small scale spontaneous uprisings might cause Germany to strengthen jts orces m France on a sralo suf icicnt to make an invasion even more difficult roperty Damage Policy on Horse Reported Sold MICHIGAN CITY IPtIt was lound to happen what willi rub ber lire rationing and the like Bert L Sicb Michigan City in urancc agent for the first time n his 21 years in business cold a property damage policy on a lorse The buyer was manager of a Ottling works CLAIM DAMAGE WAS SMALL IN SATURDAY RAID Cabinet Ministers Report Transportation System Hardly Disturbed By UOGEK D GREENE Associated Press War Editor New air raid alarms were re ported to have sounded in central and western Japan Tuesday even as the Japanese cabinet received details on the damage inflicted by American bombers in Saturdays spectacular assault OIl Toki0 lokohama Nagoya and Kobe A Berlin broadcast said the alarm sounded in the afternoon and as tftcd jn by an all clear at 5 p m Japanese lime i a m central war if Japans nest coast faces China indicating that the planes may have come from the Chi nese mainland Imperial Tokio headquarters said Monday that I0 biff U S Bombers Inch took wrl ulc raids broadcast any In Tokio Japanese cabinet days raids asserting the transportation system was hardly disturbed that the postal service was fully resumed soon after the planes left andTat Japanese life was affected onfy in a few instances history initial shock had off Australias Army Minister Fran cis M Fortlc declared in Bris bane that Hie War has turned m our favor ami that the ap proaching allied offensive will uc a stasccrinff spectacle The day for it to be unleashed s not yet here Foixicsaid but t is not too far off Korde warned that 1 Japanese Ulcmpt lo invade Australia may CXl ItU1 uccks Deports Tire Theft rom Sons Tricycle BOISE Idaho M j Ar user Boise Tuesday reported ie theft of twi pneumatic nci tubes from his sous tncvclc Admits Double Slaying 4o a farmer and his wife Ada 13 To think the Japanese w concentrate on India and not come here would be foolishness We must be prepared for the worst Meanwhile Chinese reports Aaid the Japanese were speedimr preparations for possible war against Russia heavily rcin forcme flcir garrisons in Inner Mongolia which borders soviet Siberia west of Hanchukuo Signs of a possible Japanese peace offensive cropped up in a Tokio broadcast quoting Toyo fVagawaJapans bestknown istlan as declaring Prayers are being said daily for an early conclusion of the war In this connection lutliorifa tlvc observers have forecast a Japanese peace drive as soon as she had conquered HIE territories itoirccl in her greater cast Asia coprosperity sphere With the rise of allied offensive power Japan may ow fccl rcad to call quits While warning of the propagan da clanger American officials have already discounted such an axis pence drive with the declara tion that the RomcBerlinTokio bloc could not be trusted in n ne gotiated peace Kagawa 53 is an alumnus of Princeton Theological seminary He is best known for his work with the people of the industrial slums of Kobe incl other cities and has been railed one of the outstanding religious leaders oC the Orient made lecture tours of the 1M536 On the last occasion he was not immediately admitted or arrival at San Francisco because he was found to be Buffering from trachoma but n special ruling of the immigration bureau per mitted his entry Only Monday Director Archi bald MacLcish of the U S office of facts and figures warned that an axis peace much a nazi weapon as a nazi mechan ized scheduled to be launched at America this sum mer MacLeish told 600 American publishers and editors at the an nual Associated Prev meeting in New that this poisonous type of axis propaganda must be com bated and that the end is never pence but always conquest and the inevitable consequence to tho nazi victims is defeat ;