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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 21, 1941, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HAUL ON R HIST UEU ART OEPT OF IOWA COMP OES MOlNES U fe VOL XLVI1 NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS vWMMASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FUU LEASEJJ WIRES Am Anwicam MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY APRIL 21 1941 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 164 IV EARL HALL Chile Has Four Zones of Climate EDITORS NOTE This is another of a series of articles written by W Earl Hall Mason City GlobeGazette managing editor in the course of a tour through South America as one of a party of 12 guests of the Carnegie Endowment for Inter national Peace NUMBER 16 By W EARL HALL SANTIAGO like southern California is on expres sion that has been used repeated ly by members of our Carnegie larly the three with a Califor nia background our lin er dropped an chor at Valpar aiso Tuesday First there was the weath er a high Jog to re mind us of it then the haze over the moun tains close by then the Span ish type houses perched on sleep hillsides then the beach drive lo Concon and the palm treelined avenues And the similarity became the more pronounced on our 125 mile by broadgauged railroad from Vina del Mar to Santiago capital city yesterday afternoon The road leads through or over Uvo sizable mountain ranges but mostly it is through an amazingly fertile valley We ought to be coming into Pasadena most any time now one exCalifornian kept observ ing Others in the party insisted that the Californians were indulging ii a bit of bragging in their com privately we had to admit it was wellfounded Vineyards from which come Chiles famous wines increas ing in importance with the cut ting off of Frances wine arc the principal crop in the valleys along the Valparaiso lo Santiago railroad but theres a vast array of other farm prod ucts including corn which fare reasonably well in comparison with Iowas famous tall com As we begin our crowded stay in Santiago it might be well to consider some of Ihc geographical rmd historical aspects of this re markable little coastal nation which in area is just about equiv alent to fovva Minnesota Illinois and Nebraska It lies between the great An dean range and the Pacific varv ing in width from 100 to 221 mifes with 2600 miles of coastline from dry hot desert to the north to Ihc snow and ice of the archipelago on the south terminating at Cape Horn Chile embraces four zones from north to south The first is desert producing nitrate sulphur and borax in prodigious quantilies The second is featured by its min erals copper gold silver co balt nickel lend iron and man ganese The third inclusive o Valparaiso and Santiago j agri cultural with fertile soil and an adequacy of moisture The fourth includes the islands of ihc archi pelago V As is true of olhrr South American nations Ihc name Francisco Pizarro bulks large in Chilean history It was he who look this territory away from tlic Indians and made l a Spanish colony Another im porlanl chapter in history bases nn the fight for independence from Spain in which San Mar tin was the outstanding figure with the decisive battle of 3Iai nu won by the Chileans on April 5 18IS 320 ACRE AIRPORT SITE CHOSEN TO BE 2 MILES EAST OF CLEAR LAKE ON NO 18 Site Can 3e Expanded to Square Mile as Urged by CAA The site of Mason Citys municipal airport was def initely established Monday west of the Nicholas turkey farm on tlic north side of highway 18 about two miles cast of Clear Lake The city council authorized the city manager and solicitor to take necessary action for the purchase of approximately 320 acres of land v Cost of the land to tlie city in accordance with signed op tions is S45flCO The land will Be purchased from the following persons Amy B Knappcn 70 acres Harvey Wood 170 acres and George R Sheridan 80 acres Location of the land will per nit ultimate expansion to a square miie toward the west and north City Manager Herbert T Barclay pointed out The civil aeronautics administration recommended the purchase a site which would allow lor such expansion said The council before hiking action studied legal opinions by City So licitor Charles E Cornwell and W A Wcstfall written independ ently on the question ot the citys liability for damages to W H Nicholas owner of the adjoining turkey farm Mr Nicholas a week ago filed noticeof intention to start injunc tion proceedings if necessary to prevent the building of the air port on the site under option He asserted that the noise of Ihe planes and the lights on the field in the night would interfere with ihe operation of his turkey farm The two legal opinions agreed that on the basis of past court decrees the airport would not be declared a nuisance and a court probably would not grant an in junction against its develop ment The council previously had studied the possibility of using the Nazis Gain in Greece New Axis Moves Feared General OHiggins a Chilean of Irish descent who loved nothing quite so much as a fight provided a principal leadership in the oorly days of the liberated Chile and today he is celebrated in statues and street names everywhere you turn Even our hotel at Vina del Mar was named in his honor Chile has population of almost five million which is approxi mately 16 to the square mile Be cause of the large percentage of wasteland this means a consider able concentration o population on the arable sections Santiago is just short of a million inhabitants and there is close to a quarter of a million in the Valparaiso community Down through the years Chile has lived most of the time under i constitutional government large ly patterned by OHiggiiis with occasional lapses for dictatorships following revolutions Storming The map above shows the seven sites studied by Hie city council in connection with the winlt Far location of a municipal airport The one which the council authorized its officers to purchase Mondays shown in black number 7 Site 5 is the Nicholas turkey farm Site 1 was disapproved by the civil aero rajtitt dnrnnstrabon because of its proximity to the 200 fool chimney on the beet suffir factory one imie south Site 2 was disapproved by CAA because it is too near the city and does not offer sufncient opportunity for expansion Site 3 was not acceptable the council because draining the site would have cost a prohibitive amount Site 4 was also turned down because of drainage SHe 6 wa bounded by C paVed an1 on south by the Milwaukee railroad track makimrH loo small north and sonth for CAA approval Site 5 the turkey farm would Have cost a prohiMtive fmount farm for the airport site but decided that the price ivoiild be prohibitive Mr Nich olas offered lo sell acres of his land not including the 40 acre on which his buildings are located for 366000 In seeking a site it was point ed out the city was forced to consider possible expenditures for drainage and grading since only SIOOOOO was available for purchase and development Drainage of some of the sug gested sites was estimated at more than and uneven ground presented big grading problems on others Seven sites on ail four sides of Mason City had been thoroughly studied by the council and its technical advisors before the choice of a site was made Purchase of the land for 545000 will leave S55000 to be used for developmcnl of the tract The voters approved a SIOOOOO air port bond issue in November How the development money will be spent is not yet determined Coun cil members have discussed the building of an administration building a hangar and surfaced runways as well as essential grading nnd drainage Ialcsl discussions by the council have been on building of an inexpensive administra tion building and using the re mainder of the money for grad ing drainage and some type of runway surfacing Even one concrelc runway would cost considerably more than the money available it was point ed out Mr Barclay Monday made pub lic a letter dated March 11 from Guy A Murray Kansas City dis trict airport engineer for the CAA which reported officially on the seven possible airport sites Dut lo extremely heavy soil conditions prevailing for the most part around Mason City a num ber of otherwise acceptable sites are eliminated by reason of tiie citys desire to avoid high devel opment drainage cosl that would be involved in such land the engineer wrote A resume of various sites in spected and decisions regarding same follows Site 1 north of city disap proved by CAA because of prox imity to city and particularly the 200 Toot sugar factory chimney one mile south Site 2 east of city disapproved by CAA because of proximity So city and restriction in size Be cause of uncvcnness of land H could not economically be ex panded lo one square mile Site a south of city center of section is two miles south of south city limits not favored by city because of heavy clay soft Site 4 2 miles west of city limits on north side of highway 18 An acceptable airport site but not favored by city because oi heavy clay soil Site n the Nicholas turkey farm splendid site gravel sub structure acceptable to both CAA ami pity Citj may not be able to purchase because of extremch high land cost Site is first pref crcyice of those meeting citys re quirement of gravel subsoil 0 three miles wcsl of city limits on south side of highway 18 between highway and Milwau kee railroad tracks Site full mile eastwest but insufficient north south unless paved highway on north were relocated or railroad on south This sile not recom mended for consideration because of the restriction of size for both present and future development Site 7 west of Nicholas German BigStick Diplomacy Being Brought to Bear on Turks Is Dangerous to Allies By DeWITT MACKENZIE Foreign News Analyst As a demonstration that the penmay be mightier thai the sword its fairto say that the Hitlerian bigstick dipio macy now being brought lo bear on Turkey is considerably more dangerous to the allied cause than is the nazi advance into Greece The fuehrer loaknig forward to a quick killing in Greece is said lo be trying to maneuver the Turks into a position where they wil grant mm passage of troops J the near east shoud he decide to make that the scene of his next conquest He has no desire to fight his way through the ferocious Eashi Bazouks of Asiatic Tur key As has been aid in this column before conquering the Balkan penin sula wont win the war for the Hitlerites b u t b r caking t h r o u g h into MACKENZIE Iraq oil plus the presidential palace which is almost within a stones throw of this hotel has been rather a popu lar pastime At present Chile is ruled by a popular front government not unlike the new deal in the United States In a number of respects the trend toward socialization has proceeded much further than in our country But more about this in lalcr letters key farm land lies very uniforn and flat Soil map indicates it is underlaid with n gravel sub structure making drainagegood Center ol site is approximately 2 from cist developed section of Clear Lnkc No par ticularly hazardous obstructions however Power lines ind farm improvements on and the site Very desirable site Would be given second prefer ence Approved by CAA if city wishes to purchase The country surrounding Mason City has been studied quite thoroughly for possible airport sites and it appears that sites 4 5 and 7 are the best that there is to offer Seleclion of the site will lo head the establishment of an official U S weather bureau sta tion here and also the building of a rndio airline beacon by the CAA both of which iiad been de ferred until proper location could be made Airliners have been flying over Mason on the MidContinent j airlines route between Des Moines and Rochester Minn since last Oct 12 No stops have been made here despite Ihe designation of Mason City as a stop by the CAA The CAA has announced that stops will be made here as soon as a proper landing place is avail able for the twomotored trans thc near cast would be more productive The chance to assault Ihc Suez canal and Egypl from Ihe east would be big pumpkins You know the old Serbian say you allow the devil to sow pumpkins he will hit you on the head with them later Thus the nazi progress with Turkey is a mailer of vast imporlance to Britain and her allies There is nn reason to believe tur that the Turks iirc panicky over the German success in Jugoslavia and Greece because they expect ed it although not with quite so much speed However Turkey is vitally concerned over anything which challenges Britains control of the eastern Mediterranean This being so without doubt he Turks are watching the axis drive along the Libyan coast into western Egypt with anxiety This thrust hasnt crealed any desper ate situation as yet and the Brit ish proiess to be confident of dealing with it at the opportune moment Still it is a grave men ace potentially and so long as it exists the Turks arc bound lo re gaid it as a warning lo them to tread cautiously in challenging the Germans MERLIN BOYLE 33 SUCCUMBS Fall From Roof Is Falal to Mason Cilyan Funeral to Be Tuesday Merlin Boyle 33 who was se vcrely injured Friday sfternoo in a fall from n root upon whicl he had been working died Sat urdny evening in n local hospita Hlr Boyle was born a I Cascade Oct 3f 1907 He is survived b his wife Edra his paronls Mi ind Mrs James Boyle of Mason City four brothers and two sis ters The brothers are Thomas Boy of Ballimore Md and Danie William and Ray Boyle all o Mason City Mrs I W Kiltleso of Mason City rnd Mrs Km Slicwaltcr of Rock Island HI ar h surviving sister A prayer service will be held Tuesday morning nl 3 oclock at the Patterson funeral home with Father Carl Kurt in charge The Rosary will be said at the Fat ierson funeral home at oclock Monday night Burial will be al Elmwood cemetery WILL FIGHT TO GLORY AT LAST Greeces New Premier Says Right to Prevail With Such Just Allies ATHENS Greece lew premier Imanue Tsoudcros leclared Monday night that the 3reeks would fight to the end intil the Balkans ire cleared ol hose who led the infamous cam 3aign against us In a radio broadcast lo the ua lion he said You may rest assured that glory eventually will crown Greece Greece will remain faithful to her commitments and she is gratefut lo her great ally Britain who came licre on her own initiative lo fight Behind us we also have the as sislance of the United States from whose great humanitarian prin ciples mankind will benefit With such allies we may be assured that right nnd justice will pre vail The new government was an nounced as the Greeks acknow ledged that Ihc German drive on the cast had made a new dent in the allied line and Kins George II had called upon the nation to fight the very end Tsouderos had been named min ister of foreign affairs and finance and provisional minister of econ omy in the cabrnel formed Sun day by Admiral Alexander Siikel tariou as vice premier and the king in ihc dual role of monarch anc premier Admiral Sakclltiriou remains a vice premier Touderos in his fifties lias been active in Greek public life toi more than 20 years He is a native oE the island it Crete nnd began a political career with his election to parliament in 1920 o D port planes IOWA YOUTft KILLED CASAGRANDE Ariz Berrell Foster 19 of Wellman Iowa was fatally injured Sun day when he and two other Uni versity of Arizona students were involved in an automobile col lision three miles easl of here NATIONAL WANT AD WEEK April 21 April 26 During this week 8 INSERTIONS FOR THE PRICE OF 6 4 INSERTIONS FOR THE PRICE OF 3 Remember GlobeGazette Wont Ads Bring Results PHONE 3800 Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Fair continued cold Monday night with lighl lo locally heavy frost Tuesday partly cloudy and warmer Lowest temperatures Tuesday morning in Mason City 32 and G IOWA Fair Monday night Tues day partly cloudy and warmer light to locally heavy frosts Monday night MINNESOTA Fair Monday Tuesday considerable cloudiness and warmer heavy frost or freezing temperature Monday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 55 Minimum Sunday night 32 At 8 a m Monday 33 YEAR AGO Maximum 64 Minimum 34 The figures lor Sunday Maximum Saturday 59 Minimum Saturday night IS At 8 a in Sunday 37 Rain 57 YEAR AGO Maxirmim fir Minimum 42 One of Greeces icadinjr econ omists he carried on negotiations with Britain in 1926 for selllt mcnt of the Greek war debt He has held cabinet posts previously as minister of finance anil com munications and more recently served as president vt the Bank of Greece On the war front meanwhile th Greeks said that the Italians wcr being stemmed on the west riant of the allied line but that on th east the front gave way under th weight of nazi pressure A Greek communique declared new sland had been taken afte the weekend withdrawn south o Mt Olympus End said thnt line its location not doggedly against violent attack and nowhere was broken The German describing th Greek campaign as entering it linal phase said Sunday the ing had developed into a hot chas of tlic British nnd Greeks acrovi the plains of Thessaly south of captured Larisa towaid the port of Voios and reported the capture of Trikkala directly west of La risi and 45 miles southwest of Olympus The Italians countered Gicek statements their attacks had been repulsed in southern Albania with declarations that Iheir forces had fought their way to the Greek frontier in most places despite stift Greek rear guard South Far ast Larisa By THE ASSOCIATE PRESS mechanized rces have pushed southward far beyond Larisa in pursuit of reck nnd British troops ictrciil g on the Greek plain of Tlies ily Ihc German high command lid Monday Other nazi forces openithig to 10 west seized i milehigh moim lin pass near Metsovon 10 miles oriluvest of captured Trikkala ftcr crusins the Pindu moun ihe Daily War bulletin said if Tlie communique emphasized air assaults against British troop transports along the Greek iasl coast A 7000 ton merchantman was said to have been destroyed in he port of Vulos and Uvo transports were reported heav ily hit at Klmlkis Another transport was sunk from a con voy in the Mediterranean the high command said iV If r en ii L nj itjiii i Authorized sources previously I reported a record bus 1C GERMANS MAKE GAINS DESPITE HEAVY LOSSES New Pressure Reported Brought on Spain to Enter Axis Lineup BY UNITED PIESS Adolf Hitlers armies and air planes pounded iincciisjiigly it a still defense line in Greece Monday while Ore Hi Britain intently watched increasing signs of new axis moves in Rumania the near cast anct through Spain toward Gibraltar Brilliun rearguard action by Australian and New Zealand troops in Greece inflicted tre mendous casualties on the Ger mans appeared to be trying for a i nick knockout blow against Greece according to dis patches from Athens The RAP ind said that nazi mechanized units were rolling steadily south ward after the retreating Greeks ind British across the whole 60 mile width ofthe plain of Thes saly in central Greece The German seizure of Metso von Pass offered a new threat to the Greeks retreating into north western Greece from Albania along an evernarrowing path Italian forces which are push inn the Greeks across the border say tiic retiring forces have only one main roaii left open thai which runs soulliward from loannina Metsovon Pass is 25 miles cast of Inannma which in turn is aiioul liu same distance from tHc Albanian border In advancing across the Thcj salonian plains tlic Germans had a clear sweep ot territory before reaching the Oliuys mountain range standing in front or Lamia which is 50 miles south ot Larisa This range sweeps westward nnd connects with themassive PUidus mountain range but is penetrated by pastes Beyond Lamia the approach lo Athensnarrows lo the 40mile wide isthmus between ihc Gulf of Conmh and the Atalante channel which separates the mainland from Evvoia island There was no official indication however to what point the British and Crocks had withdrawn 3 Somewhere behind his ad vancing troops Adolf Hitler ob served his 52ud birthday Sun day in a flowerdecorated rail way iininK car in the presence of military leaders while ill formed circles in Berlin turned their IhoiiKlils toward the pu lilical of thr Balkans Princess Elizabeth Observes 15th Year LONDON Princess Eliza beth observed her loth birthday anniversary quietly Monday with King George Queen Elizabeth and her sislei Margaret Rose She ic ccived a turquoise and diamond necklace brooch and bracelet set which once belonged to Queen Vic toria Flags flew in her honor from public buildings here but the princess was somewhere in England where she has been liv ing since Christmas Norwegian Tanker Is Sunk 25 Lives Lost OSLO Norway 6 123 ton Norwegian oil tanker Nina Borthen Monday was reported sunk in the North Atlantic and her entire crew of 25 was believed lost LOOK INSIDE FOR CONSTANCE BENNETT Weds Roland Rushes Back to Movie Tasks PAGE 2 Goldfield Missionary Freed in Addis Ababa STATE PAGE Major League Teams Upset PreSeason Dope SPORTS PAGK airplanes in fighting luftwaffe at tacks on rear line communications and ships in Greek ports The Germans claimed to have brought down II British planes and sunk tons of ships p v ISnl w h i 1 e the British and Greeks clung to Iheir Ihird de fense lines in Ihe mountains some 110 miles uorlli of Athens not farm from historic Ther mopylae there w c r c stronger indications of early action nn other fronls London heard thai Germany was bringing new pressure on Spiii to enter formally into the axis line up presumably as a pre lude to 11 attack on Gibraltar or an effort to cloc the Straits of Gibraltar even if the rock1 could not be captured German guns on Spanish territory on both sides oL the straits might be as effective as if Gibraltar were in naxi hands Whether Use Germans immedi ately would undertake tliead mittedly difficult job of moving and feeding any large number of troops in hungry Spain was not indicated but a more feasible plan might involve only artillery forces near Gibraltar In Rumania there were indi cations Iliat unrest was intrciins Hungarian sources obviously hostile to Bucharest reported that the government nf Gen Ion Antonescu was in danger of losing German support because of iron guard pressure to regain territory taken last year from Rumania bv Hungarv liller was said lo have re fuse to permit tumaiiia to oc cupy part iif defeated Jugoslavia inil rumors circulated that Klls siajj Turcrs were ready la move into Eumumun if thr AntoncMu rcRiinc fell aiinrt I V V On the aiUial war front the Bntih and Greeks were unrlcu i increasing pressure a Ihc Gor l minis surjjcd down across the plains of Thcssaly and according to Athens newspapers brought up huge reinforcements in i drive to obtain definite results Drxjiilc heroic resistance bv thc allies and heavy losses in flicted upon the German attack ers the steamroller pushed forward The fighting lines appeared to be south of Melsovu Trikkala and Larisa but still north of the third GrecoBritish line which is be lieved lo run across the narrowest of Ihc Greek peninsula from Arta to the Othrys moun tains north uf Lamia am famous Thermopylae PISN The Germans were said to be pouring across the flat plains of Tliessaly in incalculable mini j bers haviiiR forced the British In I yield their strong petitions around Mount Olvmpu i In the central sector they had moved past Trikkala and pre sumably were approaching Kar clltza Farther west the high command reported that Ihc important ilclsovo pass of the Pincliis range had been forced This brought an immed iate threat to loannina about 20 miles to the southwest The Greeks arc understood lo be re tiring along Ihc road from loan nina to Yrta a distance nf ahout S3 miles ihc Germans roach iha new ArtaOthrys mountin de ;