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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 20, 1953, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspaper HOME EDITION MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL L1X Associated Press and United Press Full Lease Wires Seven Ccnls a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY APRIL 20 1953 Paper Consists ot Two One No One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor Fruits of Our Shriveling Dollar lyrANIFESTATIONS of the infla tionary movement which has had the United States in its grip for the past 20 years or so are to be found just about anywhere you want to One day recently for example I found such a reflection of our shrunken dollar in the Ten Years Ago department of my own news paper It told of plans to build a new church and the estimate of the cost ranged from to 000 In the working out of that project a decade later the total expendi ture was ever so much nearer a million dollars than it was to the quarter million figure mentioned in that item from our 10 years ago file The plans undoubtedly got ex panded a know that is if you ever did any building or re modeling BUT mostly the dif ference was accounted for in a drastically cheapened dollar On a Pullman car not long ago I visited at some length with a farm friend I had known for sev eral years He was returning from Washington where hehad con ferred with the Secretary of Agri1 culture about the problems con fronting our dairy industry these days Bringing H Home Mostly we talked about that but during the course of our chathe chanced to mention two items which showed the shriveling trend in our monetary system Recently the church to which he belongs spent more on a roofreplacement program than it cost originally to build the church And along the same line the cleaning out of a dredge ditch in his community had been more expensive dollarwise than the original digging of the ditch But if you want lo bring this matter your own life just cash one of those government bonds of yours that has matured after 10 years You were told that the mere passage of time during the life of that bondwould cause your S75 tobecome you donf go surface arithmetic involved In terms of vhat you can buy however the from the bond which cost you ten years ago is no where near as valuable If pur chasing power is the criterion for I cant think of a bet ter one can been a very poor investment for you Why Theyre GunShy Its precisely this that has caused many citizens to be a little gunshy so far as claims of handsome re turns from either holding on to presently owned government secur ities or taking on new ones arc con cerned From anybody other than our own government this might be set down as having some of the characteristics of misrepresenta tion and sharp practice That which is true of our hold ings in government bonds has been equally true with respect to the savings of the American people The inflationary spiral using the Bureau of Labors own figures has taken away 32 per cent of the value of held as savings by the American public in the eight years since the war came to an end This according to the actuarial authorities of one greatlife insur ance company is 20 times the dol lar loss suffered by United States bank depositors in all the bank failures experienced in our coun try since the Civil War That 32 per cent loss in terms of dollars is almost billion No Small Robbery by the govern ment with what loo often has seemed full approval of a majority of the each year been taking a toll of 5 per cent on the average from all your money in every form pay check pen sions savings bonds bank ac counts etc Many of course have been in a position to keep pace with the rob ber called inflation by increasing income But many plied millions of fallen far behind Hardest hit of course are those who must depend on their savings or on fixed incomes such as pensions or annuities Theres been a lot of tall talk about curbing inflation But its been mostly confined to talk While publicly bewailing the evils of in flation the governments every act for the past 20 years has been in the direction of not only encourag ing but compelling inflation About the only device trotted out against inflation has been govern ment controls But controls in a CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Freed U S Prisoners Start Home PANMUNJOM Korea Tues day hundred disableu Al lied soldiers 30 of them Ameri cans reached freedom Monday in the first prisoner exchange of the Korean War Some of themwere headed for Japan Tuesday in the next step on the long journey home after months behind stockades in North Korea The prisoners some weeping some laughing told of varied treatment in Communist prison camps The blueclad Allied prisoners in cluded 30 Americans 12 British 50 South Koreans 4 Turks and 1 POWs Tell of Treatment by Captors FREEDOM VILLAGE Munsan Korea were too sick to talk or smile Some laughed and threw their arms around the first Amrican they saw Some came on stretchers and afeme walked with a medic on either side But how had these Americans just now returning to freedom been treated by their Communist cap tors Tried Hard The Reds tried hard to indoctrin ate at least some of them in the Communist philosophy In at least one camp the men kept their Bibles and held Bible study and church services Another told of getting the whole works in treatment for tuberculosis Stilt an other told of unbelievably poor treatment Opinions were almost as varied asthe men themselves Here are a few of them Cp Vernon L Warren 22 St Louis Mo He said the Reds held indoctrination classes every day and that attendance was compul soiy through the first three or four months Attendance was voluntary thereafter Cpl Richard O Morrison Bur lington la The Reds permitted the POWs to hold church services and Bible classes and also pro vided baseball equipment He said he received no medical treat ment when he was captured Lectures Books Pfc Marvin L Brown Oklahoma City Okla He was asked whether the Reds had made an effort to convert him They sure did he said Brown said the Reds used lectures books and movies in an attempt to sell POWs on the idea of fighting for peace Browns right arm and feet were frozen when he was captured March 23 1952 His arm was amputated later Pfc William R Hinklen Clinton ville W Va He sat next to Brown at the wooden interviewing table His reply to the question as to whether the Reds had tried to convert him was directly oppo site to Browns No no he said First Lt Roy M Jones Minne apolis Minn He said his treat ment improved or fell off accord ing lo progress at the truce talks Communists Halt Heavy UN Attacks SEOUL Korea nist infantrymen halted heavy at tacks on the western front Monday while sick and wounded prisoners of both sides were exchanged at Pan mun join The 8th Army announced a marked decrease in fighting along the 155mile front Sunday night and early Monday Ihe long est of several small clashes last ing only 55 minutes But the Air Force said United Nations fighterbombers Sunday had hurled their heaviest close support assault of the year each from Canada South Africa1 Greece and the Philippines 100 return Americans 12 British 3 Turks and 50 South Koreans the Reds said Monday In all COS Allied sick and wounded are being traded for 5800 Reds Those crossing Monday appeared to be in fair health and well fed N7one mentioned unusually harsh treatment in the North Korean prison camps where some had been since 1950 the first year of the war But one officer said treat ment was unbelievably poor be fore the truce negotiations began then picked up materially Four came back on stretchers others walked or hobbled on crutches It was a solemn dramatic scene as the sun burst through clouded skies in midmorning The returning prisoners grinned or wept or remained stolid each man to his own feelings Sounds of battle from a nearby fight echoed over this ancient vil lage Many said the Reds tried to win them to Communism but there was no outward indication of suc cess One prisoner said they showed us photos on germ warfare Red charges that the UN forces used germ warfare have been vigorous ly denied by the United Nations Command and Washington Some believed it added an other Cpl Kenyon Wagner of Detroit Mich a tuberculosis patient said Allied soldiers were exposed to Communist literature and study was encouraged Asked if any had turned Com munist Wagner replied I could not say Wagner said he was given the whole works in medical treatment including modern drugs He said one of the lied doctors was trained in Detroit Pfc Almond L Nolan of Rex ville NY a captive since De cember 1950 said Treatment up there wasnt oo bad 1 believe we got Urn best they could do although the first winter was pretty rough Some prisoners said they had seen Russians in North Korea but others said they had seen none We saw plenty of girls said another From Panmunjom the prisoners were rushed by helicopter and am bulance to Munsans Freedom Village for medical care and in terviews Then on lo a hospital at Seoul The Allied men came dovvn from their North Korean prison camps in trucks Russian jeeps and am bulances The Reds were moved up from South Korea by train to Munsan and then here in ambu lances First American across the line was Pvt Carl W Kirchenhausen of New York City Rear Adm John C Daniel a UN truce delegate met the re turnees As the men checked out of the reception lent they boarded heli copters and ambulances for Free dom Village Each was given a package of cigarets and a letterfrom Gen Mark Clark UN commander as they stepped over the line v Some were bearded some were cleanthaven All looked older than their years One had a bottle Chinese beer in his hip pocket Another had a bottle of wine HAPPY OVER and Mrs George H Morrison whose son Richard 21 was amongthe first Americans to be repatriated from a North Korean prison camp are shown Sunday night being interviewed on a tel evision program in Rock Island 111 Prayers Answered Parents of Returned lowan Couldnt Sleep BURLINGTON fflMr and Mrs George H Morrison didnt sleep Sundaynight We couldnt be said the mother of Cpl Richard 0 Morrison one of the first American prisoners of war to be exchanged in Korea With her other son three daughters grouped around in their home here Mrs Morrison said between telephone calls and wellwishing friends bursting in Were terribly happy to learn he is free Im hoping hes all right We have never known he had been wounded He always said he was all right she added Prayers Answered My prayers have been an swered Mrs Morrison voted the mother of the year here in 1951 last saw her son in May 1950 He was sent to Korea that summer The 22yearold soldier enlisted in October 1948 when he was 17 He wanted to gothen and get his service over rison said Mrs Mor Morrison was a member of Head quarters Co 2nd Battalion 2nd Division when captured near Kunu Ri North Korea on Dec 1 1950 He said he had no medical treaV ment afterhe was captured but had recovered from the blast which knocked him out at Kunu I remember running through a clump ot trees Suddenly there was a blast Thats all 1 remem ber Dont worry about me Mor rison said in a statement addressed to his parents after his return to Freedom Village He said he needs glasses and is suffering some high blood pressure but otherwise he is fine Korean Houses Describing his prisoner of war life the soldier We lived in Korean houses and had rations mostly rice We worked for ourselves and played baseballand other games Election in Japan Gives No Majority TOKYO Prime Minister Shigeru Yoshidas Liberal party won 42 per cent of the seats in the powerful House of Represent atives Sunday but Japans political picture was as cloudy as ever Complete returns showed Mon day that the second national elec tion in seven months gave the Lib erals 199 seats in the46Cmember enough to form a single parly government It was a loss of five seats Yoshida had staked his political future on the balloting hoping for a majority However his foremost rivals lost strength and it was pos sible Yoshida would pick up enough outside strength lo form his fifth cabinet The Communists placed one man in the House They had none last time Slightly more than 35 million or 73 per cent of the electorate turned out Political observers had predicted that a coalition of dissident Liber split away from Yoshida last progressives and some Rightist Socialists would rule ABANDON HOPE WATTENSCHEID Germany Officials gave up hope Monday of recovering alive seven Ruhr Val ley miners trapped 3000 feet un der ground since early Saturday in a coal mine here Calls US Commies Puppets Move to Expose Red Party WASHINGTON WA government board Monday branded the U S Communist Party as a subsidiary and puppet of the Soviet Union and ordered the party to bare its membership lists and give a fi nancial accounting The order is subject to review by the courts The four present members of the Subversive Activities Control Board agreed unanimously that the parly s subslanlially direcled domi nated and controlled by Moscow The party the board said oper ates primarily to advance the ob jectives of a Russiandirected world Communist movement The boards order was issued al most 19months after former Atty Gen J Howard McGrath started a registration proceeding against the party Indications are that it will be a year or more before the Supreme Court has the final say on constitu tionality of the 1950 Internal Se curity McCarran Actunder which the board acted The board was established by that act and authorized to deter mine whether any organizations were directed from abroad and thus under the acts terms forced to register with the attorney gen eral No Order Not to Win War Army Chief Denies Any Victory Ban WASHINGTON WVGen J Law on Collins testified Monday the Army never had received orders against winning a military victory n Korea or driving the Chinese Communists back into Manchuria There were no such orders the Army chief of staff told a Sen ate hearing He added he would ike to discuss in secret the orders which the Army has operated in he Korean conflict Collins testified before a Senate Armed Services Subcommittee in ammunition shortages He said that all major direc tives for the conduct of the Korean received Die approval of former President Truman Sen Margaret Chase Smith R subcommittee chairman asked Collins what the Armys specific mission was in Korea National Policy To carry out national policy he replied He went on to say the military did not make only made recommendations to higher authority To what extent did the State Department set policy on the con duct of the war in Korea Mrs Smith asked Im not qualified to answer that Collins replied Sen Smith then asked if the Army chiefs had differed with the State Department on war policy Collins said any such discussion should be in secret Discussing the military organi zation Collins said he had recom mended to the secretary of de fense that the intelligence services of the Army Navy and Air Force be combined into one service for greater efficiency and to avoid duplication in effort More Authority He said he also had recommend ed that the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff be given greater authority and the power lo rec ommend action to the secretary of defense in cases where the chiefs might be in disagreement At present Collins said the chairman has no such duly under the law He added when the chair man of the Joint Chiefs is not satisfied with a decision by the Joint Chiefs then he should have the authority to make his own separate recommendation Mrs Smith asked whether Col llns ever had discussed the con duct of the war with former Sec retary of State Dean Acbeson Not as an individual Collins said He added that Acheson had attended meetings at the Defense Department where the subject was discussed Knows Source Without naming anyone Collins linted that he knew the source responsible for a directive issued in September 3950 which directed that the Army assume the war would be ended by June 30 3951 This assumption was to be made in preparing budget estimates Sen Byrd DVa has said this directive was in effect a slow down order and might account for the fact that quicker action was not taken to get ammunition into production Witnesses have testified there was no real am munition production until two years after the war started SAME Black mtins traffic death in past 21 hours Albin Radz6ODtes in Fire at Clear Lake CLEAR GOyearold Clear Lake man Albin xaclz was burned to death early Sunday morning in a fire whichres tilted in considerable damage to a smoke avern and two stores The fire which ar Davies Moved From US Job in Germany eyes JOYFUL NEWS Blue with tears in her hugs the photo of her son Pyr Jesse Robertson 18 of Highland Park Mich after reached her that Her son had beervfreecj by the Corn n Korea IT Killed by High Winds ATLANTA winds and small but potent tornadoes rippec into three Southern stales over Ihe weekend killing 11 persons and were injuring more than 400 Hundreds of h o me wrecked and properly damage climbed into Ihe millions Lalcst fatalily was 1monlhold Willie Block Jr of Waklenburg Ark who died Monday of injuries suffered when he was hurled from his home by high winds Saturday night From six lo eight hundred were left jobless when winds dcvaslalec an Alabama cotlon mill Three grammcr schools in Columbus Ga were so heavily damaged thai 2000 children were being reas signed to other classrooms on a doublesession basis Five hundred homes were re ported demolished in Columbus 1648 severely damaged and 55 less seriously damaged by the brief wnidstorm which slruck Ihe Columbus area Saturday night which larled in the smoke shop ate hrough the floor of the shop The blaze left a 10foot hole in the floor ind damaged several pool tables Radz body was found by firel men in his basement sleeping The room was behind the urnace room and the Red Top Tavern Dr Ralph Smiley Cerro 3ordo County Coroner said that Radz body was badly burned Smileysaid that the position of he body indicated that Radz was itlempting lofind hisway out of the room when ho apparently stumbled and fell in thb thick smoke Smiley said that the death was accidental and t h a t there were rip Vindications of fouL play Employed as Radz a carpenter employed by the Ernest Anderson Construction Company had lived in Clear Lake for about He had been employed by Andersonfor about 17 years d z who had no known relalives had lived in the basement apartment for eight years The fire was discovered by two policemen Floyd Grimm and John VanLoan about 2 am as Ihcy were making their routine in spections The building was owned by the late Ira E Stewart In addition to the tavern Radz sleeping room and the furnace room the build ing housed the Callanan Smoke Shop on the first floor The build ing is located at 307 Main Ave Apparent Cause Keith McGowan Clear Lake fire chief said Sunday that the fire apparently started from a lighted cigaret stub which had been swept up with the floor sweepings Besides the tavern and the smoke shop considerable damage was done to the Gamble Store and to Youngs Variety Store Allhough most of the damage was done lo Ihe pool tables and Ihe Smoke Shop floor firemen re ported lhal other equipment and some merchandise was damaged the blaze smoke and water BONN Germany U S High Commission confirmed Mon day that theStated Department has ordered the transfer from Ger many of veteran career Diplomat John P Davies Jr Davies who was once accused of recommendingthat the Central Intelligence Agency enlist the ad vice of personsdescribed as Com munists isthe High Commissions director of political affairs A High Commission spokesman confirmed that Davies is being shifted to Lima be coun sellor of embassy there Other High Comnimission offi cials said the Slate Department order came as a complete surprise here and that theydidnot believe Davies had any advance notice AH About The Weather Mason City Increasing cloudiness and mild Tuesday high 58to 60 i v Iowa Tuesday partly cloudy and warmer Minnesota Tuesday partly cloudy to cloudy warmer south and east S GlobeGazette weather data up to 8 am Monday Maximum Minimum At 8 am Precipitation YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 33 26 36 01 78 47 TCIf ArR MAN marks the spot Lf M f was burned to death early Sunday morning in afire which did flS wtvhmage a and two other Clear Lake businels places fue which was discovered by two policemenabout 2 apparently started in the SmoteShopaOTMain Avef from alighted cigaret stub swept the llopr sweepings Radz bed can be seen in right background A swept ;