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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 20, 1946, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HI8TOKY AH3 ARCHIVES CE3 UOtNES I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS SATtJRDAY APRIL go 194B This Paper Corutsts ol Two Section One No 165 U S OPENS DRIVE ON FOOD CRISIS House Group Recommends Overhaul of Army REPORT INJUSTICES IN COURT MARTIAL Army Sentences Put 142 Soldiers to Death During Period of War Washington martial sentences sent 142 soldiers to their deaths during the war years and ensuing months a house military subcommittee disclosed Saturday in recommehding an extensive overhaul for the armys system of justice The group reported that in the period between Dec 7 1941 and Feb ZZ 1946 72 men were exe cuted for murder 51 for rape 18 for murder and rape and one for desertion The findings were set forth in a 25000word document sharply critical of what the subcommittee called the injustices the extreme severity of sentences and the par iality resulting from the existing court martial system The full military committee it was learned Saturday has tem porarily tabled the subcommittees report at the war departments re quest but will consider it next month Army witnesses probably will be heard before the full com mittee takes any formal action The subcommittee made the fol lowing criticisms comments and recommendations in the course of its report The court martial system is re garded by most professional of ficers as a means of enforcing dis cipline But discipline must not be named as cloak to cover arbitrariness and injustice There is a widespread beliel among intelligent soldiers that not so much a qualified as a weak and compliant court has been the obj ective Bringing charges of rape against American soldiers became a sort of racket among some por tions of the populace in the Euro pean theater and it is believed that numerous convictions of in nocent soldiers took place in the interest of discipline in gen eral or of maintaining the good name of the army among liber ated or conquered people Members of courts martial are largely amateurs from the legal point of view though they may pass on questions of life and death It is known that some of the most striking miscarriages of jus tice have taken place abroad An enlisted man has the right to bring charges against a com missioned officer This is largely a paper provision An officer of long experience has said thai when it did happen the en listed man always found himself courtmartialed or transferred It is a very grave offense for an enlisted man to strike an of ficer or even a noncommissioned officer it is not a specific of fense under any article of war fo an officer to assault an enlistee man There have been many exces sive sentences the most tragic of course are the death sentences not commuted about which it is so difficult to obtain information army courts in Europe ad judged two sentences of life im prisonment for A O L ab sence without Hundreds probably thousands of bevvilderec boys with no really disloyal inten tions were sentenced to fivi years imprisonment for absence without leave it is the opinion of competent observers that arm sentences generally err on the sid of severity Among the subcommittees re commendations were these That the army be given a judi cial department as complete am autonomous in its field as the medical department that be fully personnel courtsmartial counsel and as defense That in trials of enlisted men if the accused requests onethin of the court members shall be en listed men chosen from organiza tions not under jurisdiction of the accusing officer That a table of maximum pun ishment be prescribed for all of fenses and apply equally to of ficers and enlisted men ExIowan Killed Chicago Rev Albert minister ew hours after he wa struck by an automobile at a Chi cago intersection He held a pas torate in Clinton Iowa at the tim of his retirement 15 years ago GARSON SAVED BY Greev Car son smiles gratefully at Vincent Sollecito skipper of a sardineboat who from drowningat nearby Car mel GalFriday Sollecito on hand as a technical advisor to a moviemaking crew plunged into the surf and rescued the actress when she was accidentally swept into the sea during filming of a seacoast scene She was hospitalized suffering shock and abrasions AP Wirephoto Iowa Packers Farm Union Agree Cattle Kill Is Short ntly the only point on which the low a Farmers union agreed Saturday va there were not many head of cattle being killed G M Foster president of John Morrell and Co upped to 1100 catte his plants at Ottumwa Iowa tails s Dak and Topeka Kans would take daily at the n permissible prices under the OPA for a minimum of 30 days This topped Fosters previous offer to take 300 head per day after Fred Stover president of the y Farmers Union had declared in an interview earlier this week that he could find plenty of cat tle for packers asserting the packers were not buying in order to kill the OPA Stover whose interview set off the controversy and resulted in offers being made by Foster and an Armour Packing company repre sentative to buy cattle which the union offered for sale at OPA ceiling prices declared Friday night in a prepared statement that the packers had made a complete about face after persistent refus als to buy cattle Stover said the packers state ments that they would buy cattle came immediately after the OPA had been nailed to the cross by the house of reprsseiitatives Stover also declared that the 130 head of cattle which failed to materialize at the Sioux Falls Morrell plant Friday were on their way to John Carlson man ager of the Farmers Union Live stock Commission company and that the packers could have them if they bid high enough Clint Gardner head cattle buy er at the Sioux Falls plant said Friday that Carlson told him that he had no assurance that he could get the 130 cattle at compliance prices after the Farmers Union had informed Foster the cattle would be at Sioux Falls medical department that i However Stover declared that fully manned with qualified Carson had reported to him that sonnel to serve as members of a Morrell representative had of fered to b fered to buy the cattle but pay him for grade after they were slaughtered which Carlson termed an unheard of proposition Typhus Epidemic in Japan Spreads to Farms Tokyo nationwide typhus epidemic totalled 19718 cases as of April than twice the toll of the record plague of 1886 Health authorities warned that Herforth 83 of Chicago a retired the current epidemic was spread Lutheran minister riPrt the urban areas to the Japan Rose growing is a 53000000 annual industry in East Texas I t CONVICT GUARD OF GI ASSAULT Gets 6 Months for Beating Prisoners London U S arm courtmartial Saturday convicte Staff Sgt James M Jones of Mus kogee Okla on 3 specification charging simple assault on Amer ican army prisoners at the Licl field detention camp and sei tenced him to 6 months at bar labor In addition to the Gmont term Jones was ordered Io forfe 518 a month of his array pay dur ing the period of his confinement The verdict acquitted Jones who was a guard at Lichfield on 5 charges of simple assault and as sault with intent to do bodily harm The finding of the 6man court was announced after hours deliberation by its president Maj Anthony Horn of Logansport Ind Jones had told the court that prisoners marked with bruises from beatings by the guards were concealed whenever army inspec tors visited the camp CHINESE REDS TAKE CAPITAL OF MANCHURIA Changchun Reported in Ruins Fear Fate of 10 Americans in City Chungking national it government Saturday acknow Mged the loss to communist orces of Changchun capital of Manchuria which was reported fficially to be in ruins as a re ult of communist bombardment nd incendiary warfare Government and military ouvces in Nanking said the com munist army of Manchuria had ompletcd the occupation of the apital city after a bloody battle n which the nationalist defenders outnumbered 10 to 1 were worn down by sheer weight of numbers Aerial reconnaissance over Changchung officials said indi ated 1he city was largely de erted and almost completely in ruins Fears were increasing about the ate of 10 corre spondents and 5 U S army men were in Changchun during he final days of street fighting and have not been reported since the city fell Maj Robert Iligff of Chicago assistant military attache and his staff of 4 were with the corre spondents observing the fighting Reynolds Packard of the United Press was one of the missing cor respondents Details of the final hours of the Changchun battle were unknown The final nationalist radio bulle tin apparently sent from the bar ricaded postoffice buflding was heard in Mukden at 6 p m Thurs day Among the government forces in Changehun were 100 Chung king officials who had entered the city to take over authority from the Russians whose evacua tion precipated the communist at tack Gen Marshall has been holding conferences with Chinese political leaders and his own military as sistants since his return to Chung king from Washington 2 days ago He has been obtaining uptodate details and views from all sides including Generalissimo Chiang KaiShek and is seeking to nego tiate an armistice APPEAL TO AMERICANS TO SHARE Anderson secretary of agricul ture President Truman and Fiorello LaGuardia UNRRA director left to right talk in the oval room of the White House Friday night after broadcasting an appeal to Americans to share food with the worlds hungry people A Wirephoto Forest Cityan Reveal Cost of Low Priced Fatally Hurt Homes Up 651 Per Cent in Car Crash Former ISC Dean Dies Miami Fla S Nichols former lean the school of engineering at Iowa State col lege Ames Iowa died Friday at his home o Brights disease Nichols 62 came to Miami in 1925 and served as city engineer from 1927 to his death Garner Robert Ingebreison 22 of Forest City was fatally in jured at a m Saturday when lis car crashed into a cement oridge railing on U S highway 18 1lk miles west of Garner Coroner Kenneth Boughtoii who investigated the crash said Inge bretson was traveling alone in the car going east when he apparently foli asleep The young mans jaw was com pletely shattered and his body otherwise badly mangled when found by a group of Britt resi dents including Victor Jensen Mrs Helen Smeecl Mr and Mrs The jaguar is the handsomest of the American cat family Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy Satur day night and Sunday with scattered light thundershowers Saturday night warmer Satur day night with mild tempera tures Iowa Partly cloudy Saturday and Sunday with scattered light showers Saturday night warm er north and east portions Sat urday mild temperatures Sun day Partly cloudy Sat urday night and Sunday with scattered light showers Sat urday night Warmer Saturday night Mild temperature Sunday MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Saturday morning Maximum 81 Minimum 41 At 8 a m Saturday 53 YEAR AGO Maximum 67 Minimum 30 Washington cost of lowpriced homes has jumped a average of G51 per cent since 1940 the national housing agenc reported Saturday blaming real estate inflation Such which sold 56000 or less in 1940Itav skyrockclefi an average of 303 per cent in the Pacific coast stifcs the agency said in releasing findings of TI survey completed a fort night ago Andrew Hampe Bailey Husscll Real estate inflation has hit all sections of the country but th section stretchin from Maine to hai price increases that are slight below the national average NHj said The rise has been greater fo small homes than those in th mediumprice to S120QQ bracket it was stated and the in crease has accelerated since VJ TRUMAN ENTERS GOAL DISPUTE Talks With Lewis and Schwellenbach Washington resident Truman for the first time took shortly after reaching Mercy hos Ile talked over the issues for 15 pital in Mason City where he was brought in the ambulance of Ken neth Eoughton of Britt who is the Hancock county coroner Coroner Boughfon said he was not certain whether an inquest would be necessary Imt it ap peared unlikely early in the day that any further witnesses would be found who could throw on the cause of the accident Ingrebretson is a son of Mr and Mrs Luther Ingebretson of Forest City and was employed by Win nebago county The accident occurred at what is known as the Schleusner bridge the railway of which stands about 4 feet above the roadway The Hanson funeral home at Forest City is in charge of funeral 1 arrangements minutes with President John Lewis of the United Mine Work ers AFL and Secretary of Labor Lewis B Schwellenbach But there was no indication that the white house conference described as exploratory would lend to any sudden sieps fo end the strike There wore no conclusive rc sults White House Secretary Charles G Ross said after the un announced conference The object was to apprise the president of the situation in the coal strike from Mr Lewis point of view Ross said that the conference was arranged at the request of Schwellenbach Fete Princess Birthday Windsor England cess Elizabeth will observe her 20th birthday Sunday with a fam ily luncheon and a tea party for her girl friends The heiress pre sumptive to the British throne cant have a birthday dance in Windsor castle though because King George VI wont allow danc ing on Easter Sunday Automobile Collision Results in Marriage San Diego Cat all who asked how they happened Io meet and Jail in love Edie and Marguerite Bennett explained at their wedding that we just ran into each other a couple of years ago Their automobiles collided full er explanation disclosed day on all types of homes building lots and raw lam Mediumpriced homes have gon up 57 per cent raw land has rise 601 per ccnl antl prepared build ing lots tiavc gone up 618 per ccn on the national average the re port said It added that inflalio has occurred not only in a fe overcrowded big cities but i large and small cities alike Since the wars end alone th report said the average rise has i been 177 per cent on lowpriced homes 148 per cent onmedium priced homes 23 per cent on un improved land and 233 per cent on building lots Tho 3 Pacific coast states had the highest rise since 1940 in 3 of the 4 per cent on medium priced homes 985 per cent on raw land and 963 per cent on lowpriced homes The west coast rise on building lots was 843 per cent far above the na tional average but 2nd to the cast south central states which led with 926 per cent Other 1940to1946 percentage increases by regions included Reveal Former Jap Officers Hope to Regain Power UT DOMESTIC USE OF FLOUR BY 25 PER CENT Truman Calls for More Vigorous Self Rationing to Ease Global Problem Washington The United tates opened an intensive new tlack on the global food crisis aturday ordering a 25 per cent ash in domestic flour consump on and calling for even more igorous selfrationing of food in American homes The emergency President Tru nati revealed has become so acute hat this countrys already low vheat reserves are going to be cut ven furlher io funiisn famine re ief Mr Truman somberly told the lation it confronted the great st threat of mass starvation in ha history of mankind Millions will surely die unless e eat less he said in a plea to the warm heart of America for reater voluntary food conserva ion by the people The flour consumption cut was direct step toward helping the country supply famished over eat areas vith a million tons of vheat target set by the president for the next three months The reduction order is effective at midnight Sunday and vill continue in effect until June 30 Agriculture department officials estimate that the flour cut will yield the equivalent of 25000000 bushels of wheat in the period Mr Truman summoned the na tion to redoubled famine relief ef forts in a nationwide ailnetwork radio broadcast Friday night He was joined on the program by former President Herbert Hoover speaking from Egypv TJNRHA Director General Fiorello La Guardia and Secretary of Agri culture Anderson It was Anderson who announced the flour reduction order as part of a 6point administration pro gram to provide more food for ex port Other points government bonus to farmers of 30 cents a bushel for wheat delivered up to May 25 an inducement aimed at siphoning upwards of 160000000 bushels of wheat from farm storage like bonus per bushel io farmers for 50000000 bushels of corn to be resold to feeders and processors in urgent need government offer to buy an unlimited amount of oatmeal for starvation areas 25 per cent cut in the amount of wheat used by food manufacturers in products for do mestic human consumption reduction in the wheat in ventories of millers and food manufacturers to not more than 21 days West north central Minnesota Iowa Missouri North Dakota South Dakota Nebraska Kansas homes 722 medium homes 605 raw land 458 building lots 606 By FRANK L WHITE Associated Fress Correspondent Tokyo former Japa nese army officers are forming groups some on governmentsub sidized farms and secreting sup plies in the obvious hope of one day regaining power This I learned from reliable allied nationals and American occupation officials nS oni e eas to the an mercan occupation officials farming sections of northeastern a careful investigation of Tnnon 9 more than 2 months American officials rather than looking upon it with undue alarm see in the situation a naturally ex pected one In many instances the identities and locations of the groups are known They are being watched To date there has been no evi dence of any subversion on any ex tensive scale said an authorita tive source at General MacArthurs headquarters Major Robert D Kirk of Hons ton Tex a former safety officer since deactivated gave the infor mation and the contacts which started the survey Much of the evidence cannot be But here are some of the findings On s oc ailed cooperative farms Japanese army officers are well equipped with vehicles maintain formality of rank arc well financed and are on guard for snooping neighbors One such farm near Tokyo is under close allied surveillance North of Tokyo a Japanese former major and a large staff live in a shrine near a former arsenal and through connivance with police have obtained ample supplies of gasoline for their automobiles A countrywide welfare organization directed by a former colonel abruptly disbanded after an American imestigator called at a hospital to check on a report that the organization had protested thedelivery there of badly needed medical supplies from a Tokyo area arsenal Japanese sources said the welfare organization had been receiving large quantities of supplies food and clothing from the Japanese government Many officers employed by the former welfare organization still live in arsenal quarters One reportedly is carrying on chemical experiments RedHaired Showgirl Charged With Assault in Name Calling Tif t Philadelphia Duber 23 redhaired and shapely said children in the neighborhood of her home were always yelling names at her because she is a showgirl and I just couldnt take it any more Brought into court she was charged with assault and battery and mayhem on a 13yearold girl Justice of the Peace Albion B Murray held her under bail because he said there was not enough reason to justify the as sault Mrs Louise Atwell swore out the warrant claiming her daugh ter Shirley suffered a black eye a bruised nose and a bite on the i little finger FEAR CHILD 10 KIDNAP VICTIM Omaha Don na Duncan blueeyed ash blond has been missing from her home here since p m Friday and may have been kidnapped her parents said Saturday Kedcycd from grief and he allnight search Mr and Mrs Donald Duncan reported the child has not been found since she was Playing in the afternoon in her irandmolhers back yard Inspector of detectives Fred Franks said we havent any proof of any kidnapping but that officers had been assigned to press the search Duncan n chain grocery store employe here who had just sold his home and planned to move to Eureka Kans said the family had eliminated every possible solution to Donnas disappearance that would rise from her oxvn vo lition Donna is not the type to wan der away he said She was playing in the yard when last seen No one in the neighborhood has seen her since Weve can vassed the entire area and the Boy Scouts are searching around Carter Inke The parents sairl the girl was wearing a faded pink wash dress Her hair was in pin curls and she was wearing a metal bracelet and a turquoise ring One foot has a scar running from the large toe to the heel Wink Causes Mistrial Greenville S Car James Sullivan the defendant in an assault and battery case caught one of the jurors winking at tho prosecuting attorney he com plained to the judge The jurist ordered a mistrial ;