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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 20, 1945, Mason City, Iowa of AND ARCHIVE UOIHES IA NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wlr INSIDE WASHINGTON Life in a Navy Hotel Interesting Experience By HELEN ESSARY Central Press Columnist Old Point Comfori 1 probably another such wartime hotel as this United States Hotel Chamberlin close to your own neighborhood I wonder if your hotel is the kind at which I am now staying is as full of youth as this one The average age here according to my unofficial uncensored guess is about summers Ive never seen so much youth in one place in all my life Certainly not in Washington that backwater ql weatherbeaten battlescarred personalities There are weatherbeaten bat tle scarred personalities down here too But the scars are newly made and the beatings have only seared the skin Neither has touched the spirit For this is young America the boys and girls who are fighting the war for us As lot that average age and summers Ive probably reckoned too high Every other hotel resident at this charming completely human place is a child And half the children are babies The Chamberlin not the old Chamberlin of your mothers youngdays it burned is now as of course you must know a United States government hotel It was taken over by the govern ment not long after Pearl Harbor Old Point and its neighborhood of Norfolk Newport News and For tress Monroe was bound to be an increasingly important war and service center the government reckoned Bounding by water all these valuable land bases was Hamp lioa Roads the strategic meeting iplace of tte Chesapeake bay and more naval and army projects would cluster around the Roads To man the projects would come many young officers Otber even younger officers wcmld arrive for their last training before going overseas It is military dictum that offi cer morale is higher if theofficers have their families close by In order to provide an agreeable convenient and reasonablypriced setting for family life the Cham berlin was acquired for the ex clusive use of officers of the army and navy and their families You cannot get a room or a meal here unless you are proper ly identified A mere uniform will not help yon at the registration desk I saw an admiral a 4 striper and a veteran with 6 for eign service marks on his sleeve hunt up identification tags and cards before beinggiven rooms already reserved by mail The place is a sort of heaven or do I mean haven for the young service people Here are lived little dramas of the war Comings and goings leavetak ings long looked for arrivals Tense apprehensive moments Wailing vaiting waiting and more waiting for news for orders Constant uncertainty for the L young husbands and wives Today tomorrow next week maybe their I last time together Such is the mood of the hole i You hear very little laughter and there is a sharp strain on the faces of the men and women Especial ji ly onthe faces of the women The eternallywaiting women They sit in the long comfortable sun parlors facing the water making friends with other waitingworn1 en Knitting Hemming table lin en Or just waiting Marking time for a few dayj before they decide i whether or not to go to their girl hood home or to some strance new place and look for a job until their men come back Out in the Roads there is pass ing a continual pageant of ships Lumbering old ferries plod through a wide wake of foam Two ferociouslooking warships spiked with instruments of de struction and defense are an chored a little way off shore Small supply boats are tearing out to the warships probably to ask what is wanted on board And you are a mere civilian A kind of outcast in the midst of todays reality P S I wish the army and navy would take over my little home I do like the food and the serv ice and the flower gardens down 7th Army Fighting in Center of Nuernberg kilHnr V e kill in the heart of Nuernberg Friday after crashing through the old walls surrounding the trapped nazis and British tanks of M V i point blank artillery range The French 1st army stabbed 50 miles southeast of Stras bourg to Rottweil 14 miles from the Danube and 33 from Lake Constance western lira it of the nazi national redoubt in southern Germany The Poilus were 25 miles north of Switzerland The whole allied right flank in cluding the French and American 7th and 3rd armies was clamping BULLETIN ZVuernberjr Germany organized resistance in Nuernbere ended late Friday with only scat tered snipers remaining o be cleaned out here British Now Free From VBomb Attacks London Britain Friday completed its 3rd week of free dom from enemy air or Vweapon attack The German Vbomb war flat after allied air attacks fell cut railways into Holland and Cana dian troops since then have over run one launching site alter an other down on the mountainous nazi lair where Hitler was believed observing a gloomy 56th birth day anniversary Stuttgart like Nuernberg a nazi pilgrimate inclosed on 3 sides The French advances ranged up to 23 miles and carried to within 65 of Austria and 120 of Italys northern Alpine frontier decision is very near said Hitlers propaganda chief Paul Joseph Goebbels declaring that Germany was on the razors edge of disaster Jn happier years Hitler would have spoken to the nazi faithful m Nuernbergon this his 56th birthday anniversary The Ameri cans however had captured his vast stadiunr where he used to rouse 500000 listeners and were beating down south of Nuernber within Munichuani 132 of Hitlers mountain normTat Berchtesgaden Moreover many of the 18 major ojies of Germany which Hitler still rules were ablaze like can dles in the perhaps that Hitler ever has spent Halle pop 220362 fell Thursday and it was the 40th Ger man city of more than 100000 persons already captured For all practical purposes or ganized German resistance on a well defined front had ceased and the war had become a battle of pockets The main weight of Gen Eisen howers 9army command was hurled south against the national redoubt in the Bavarian Alps and north against another redoubt in closing the north German ports Berlin and Denmark Gen Omar Bradleys American 12th army group was halted vol untarily on the line of the Elbe and Mnlde rivers but the fith army gronp of Gen Jacob L Devers was pushing forward in the south and the 2Ist army group of Field Marshal Montgomery was besieging or imperilling all the North sea ports The siege of Bremen 342306 was intensified from 3 sides The British were a mile from Harburg west of the Elbe and a southern suburb of Hamburg greatest port on the continent and 2nd city of Ger many The Uboat base of Emden was within light artillery range Luebeck was 35 miles away and Kiel was but 57 The 3rd army fought into the outskirts of Chemnitz Saxony rail and industrial center of 334563 The 1st army besieged Dessau 52 miles southwest of Berlin The 9th army slightly enlarged its Elbe bridgehead 5 miles beyond Barby and in the words of Gen Eisenhowers communique brought the situation under con trol on its northern flank where 1000 or so nazis tried to break through 9th army lines to join the main German forces The last nazis perhaps 20000 of them including skilled fighters of the 17th SS division were com pressed into a square mile of the heart of Nuernberg whose 431000 persons made it the 2nd largest Bavarian city Already 18000 been captured and the half that remained were actually fighting a battle to the the mo msnt at least Even civilians joined the battle with pickaxes shovels and the like The Rainbow 42nd Thunderbird 45th and 3rd di visions closed in relentlessly Others of Devers group includ ing the U S 7th and French 1st armies closed to within 39 miles of Ulro 60000 and 31 miles of the headwaters of the Danube OPA Revises Meat Price Subsidy Plan Washington revised of fice of price administration meat price and subsidy program de signed to meet industry com plaints of price squeezes reported to the senate food in vestigators Friday Informed quarters said the nev OPA program would continue consumer prices at present levels and accomplish the adjustments through subsidies Jt may be an nounced this weekend Details the program wr not disclosed but the general aims were set out in a letter from Wil bur La Roe general counsel for I the National Independent Meat Packers association to Chairman Thomas DOkla of the senate agriculture committee Thomas put the letter dated April 5 into the committees rec ord on food hearings La Roe said OPA had agreed in principle to a more flexible policy under which it will seek to keep the industrys revenues in any quarter above the cost of production and by adjustments during the year will seek so far aspracticableto maintain the in dustrys the year as a whole equal to those in a fair prewar base period Henry G VanVeen of tile OPA general counsels office assured the senate committee that OPA is working on the problem con stantly Headded that he thought the agency would be ready to re port to the committee next week on its solution Packers have complained that under OPAs present price policies they are losing money on every steer and hog they kill They con tend the margin between prices for live animals and for meat products is so narrow they can not operate They were gradually encircling Stuttgart The French fought clear through the formid able Black forest to within less than 20 miles of Freiburg 111 860 and less than 50 miles of the Swiss frantic Lahr 14000 and Neumarkt Capture Po Valley Town in Advance Toward Bologna Home army troops in an advance of 3 miles have captured Portomaggiore 12 miles southeast of the Po valley city of Ferrara allied headquarters an nounced Friday Portoverrara a small town just cast of Portomaggiore was also taken as the British pushed for ward after storming the Argenta gap nazi defenses Fifth army forces were re ported advancing slowly along highway 65 between Florence and Bologna and nearing Pianora just south of Bologna CLOSE FRONTIERS London Swiss radio said Friday that the federal coun cil bad ordered the eastern and northern frontiers ot Switzerland closed to prevent possible mass attempts of German refugees to enter the country Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette earner boy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy Friday night and Saturday No import ant change in temperature Low est Friday night near freezing Iowa Partly cloudy Friday nigfit and Saturday Mild tempera tures except rather cold north west portion Minnesota Cloudy and continued rather cold with freezing tem peratures Friday night Satur day partly cloudy cold and rather IN MASON CITY GI5beGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Thursday Minimum Thursday At 8 a m Friday YEAR AGO 67 30 35 approach to Mu nich and Maximum Minimum Precipitation 38 43 GERMAN PRISONERS BY THE ACRESome of the 20000 German soldiers taken bv the allies in a recent advance in Germany sit on the ground of a 10acre drill field of a former German military academy awaiting transportationto the rear for classification Yonks Lunge Toward Naha in Hard Okinawa Offensive Japs Claim New Landings Guam lunged to within 3i miles north ot Naha capital of Okinawa in the most powerful offensive ot the Pacific war Friday Radio Tokyo said attempted to land on the south coasf of Olcinawaabout a miles sputheast of Naha Thursday from a 30ship invasion fleet includ ing 20 transports and several battleships Such a landing would deeply outflank Naha a city of 65000 and clanij a pincers on its garri son of 60000 Three army 45000 deep bulges into both flanks of the Japanese line across southern Okinawa Thursday under cover of the greatest coordinated ship and artillery bombardment ever giv en American troops for the size of the target anywhere in the world Front reports said Americans now were less than 6200 yards north of Naha and approaching Machinate airfield on the west coast and nearing the northern end of Yonabaru airstrip on the east coast A hill overlooking Shuri 2 miles inland from Naha was all but cleared in the center of the line The town of Alachinato a mile north of the airfield of the same name was captured in the initial phases of the offensive Thursday Maj Gen John R Hodge com mander of the 24th army corps said his forces had made good gains in the heart ot the enemys main line of resistance Key ground had been won he said Lt Gen Simon Bolivar Buck ner commander of the 10th army said the offensivewas going just about as we expected The Japs have as well an or ganized line as I have ever heard of anywhere Buckner said We all know that we still have to use a How torch and corkscrews o get them out of Iheir caves Tokyo radio said the amphibious forces attempted io land on the southern coast at Chinen and Minatokrwa 4V to 5 miles south of Yonabaru but were driven oft The enemy report described the American invasion force as com prising 23 transports 2 to 4 battle ships one cruiser and 5 de stroyers Tokyo also claimed that lapa ncse naval anils had entered the Okinawa area and shelled 2 Americanheld airfields A Melbourne dispatch said the Australian information depart ment intercepted a Tokyo broad cast that the Japanese imperial army and navy had launched a general attack in the Okanawas The information department was quoted as saying that the broad cast suggested the Japanese navy may havegone out for a big en gagement While the troops were batter ing through the strong Japanese lines on Okinawa army Mustang fighters from Iwo heavily raided the Atsugi airfield at Tokyo in the first largescale fighter attack on the enemys capital Early reports listed 102 Japa nese planes as destroyed or dam aged in the surprise attack on Atsugi Thursday Returning American pilofs said they sighted rows of from 200 to 300 Japanese FINISH WORLD COURT PLANS Jurists Revise Old Hague Organization Washington of 44 united nations Friday completed plans for a world pre pared to present them to the San Francisco conference next week Working at top speed the past 9 days legal experts of all the unit ed nations India and except South Africa Poland have revised the organic law the old perma nent court of international justice which formerly met at the Hague in Holland This court still technically is in existence as is its parent organi zation the league ot nations but it has not sat since Holland was invaded The new court would function along with a general assembly and a security council as part of the united nations organization to be chartered at San Francisco Full details of the proposed court organization will not be re vealed until the plan is presented at the united nations meeting However it is understood that al ternative proposals will be sug gested regarding compulsory juris a country must in order to belong to the court bind itself to submit to the courts authority on certain types of cases ChaplbWillAskNew Trial in Paternity Case Los Angeles Chap lins lawyers intend to ask for a nev trial ofJoan Berrys paternity suit in which the comedian was named as the father of her 18 monthsoW daughter Carol Ann and if denied will appeal to have the jurys verdict set aside Loyd Wright and Charles Milli kan counsel for Chaplin said tncy would take no action how ever until they had full oppor tunity to study the transcripjs of the trial Plan Honorary Degree For Actor Gary Cooper Grinnell Star Gary ooper will be awarded tha hon orary degree of Doctor of Fine Arts by his Alma Mater Dr Samuel N Stevens Grinnell col lege president said Friday The degree will be conferred at special convocation exercises when Cooper a member of the class of 1936 is able to visit the campus bombers and fighters lined up on the field In the raid 21 Japanese planes were shot down 22 probably shot down 26 destroyed on the ground and 33 damaged A large cargo ship also was sunk off the coast and a mediumsized freighter left burning south of Tokyo Push Across Mindanao for Davao Manila thrust almost unopposed troops across Mindanao to within 80 miles of the big port of Davao Friday The drive was moving nearly a mile an hour and already had se cured an approximate 400stjuare mile beachhead on the eastern shore of Mord gulf At the same time other V S troops occupied without opposi tion Balabac island south of Americancontrolled Palawan and only 45 miles from the northern tip of Borneo Lt Gen Robert L Eichelberg ers 8th army troops met only oc casional sniper fire as they pushed south along the coast and inland on Mindanao southernmost and last major island in the Philip pines not controlled by the Ameri cans In hops a series of sharetoshore from the original landing beachhead assault forces pushed 15 miles southward to capture he towns of Cotabato and Tamon taka on the north and south shores of the Mindanao river The river positions quick ly consolidated and under a heavy air cover the troops drove 22 miles inland on both sides of the river to the road junction of Lomopog Gen Douglas MacArthur an nounced that the northern beach head at Malabang was being rap idly expanded and thatits airfield built by the Americans before the war already was in operation While the advance through the heart of Mindanao was virtually unopposed American troops were meeting continued fierce resist ance in northern Luzon around the enemy citadel of Baguio The Japanese attempted to break the siege arc northwest of Baguio Tuesday in a tanksup ported counterattack But the as sault which may have been the final enemy offensive attempt at Baguio was repulsed and all the tanks destroyed The number of tanks used by the Japanese was not disclosed BOMB SLOVAKIA REICH TARGETS 1600 American Planes Support Yanks Russians London than 1600 American bombers and fighters raided prime targets throughout Germany and Czechoslovakia Fri day in direct support of the American and soviet armies The big 8th air force fleet of 800 Flying Fortresses and Lib erators with an equally strong fighter escort concentrated the attacks on railway installations in the Berlin area and between Mu nich and Prague The rail targets around Berlin were spread in an arc ranging from 15 to 35 miles north south and west of the German capital In hitting rail lines between Munich and Prague in Czechoslo vakia the American planes raided just ahead of the U S 7th and 3rd armies RAF Moscuitos attacked Ber lin Thursday night BERLIN Nazis Report Battle Now at Decisive Stage London troops storming the last barriers before Berhn broken into a village 7 miles east of the capital Friday the nazis reported and a Moscow dispatch said U S my SOVet patrols Probablv had met in the D met in the Dresden The battle for Berlin has reached the decisive stage German broadcasters said repeatedly during the day in de scribing the struggle at the gates of the burning and shell swept city The left wing of an intensely concentrated mass ofjoviet tanks straight against Berlin was reported by the Germans to have pushed into the streets of Hangelsbeig on the Frank furt highway 7 miles short of the city limits A Moscow dispatch said the out riders of the Russian and Amcri HITLER MARKS 56TH BIRTHDAY Think Fuehrer Preparing Twilight of Gods Finale London Hitler the defeated dictator passed his 56th and probably last birthday Fri day There were no celebrations in his dying empire for the most hunted man in history The only victory salutes came from the guns ot allied armies closing in on him from cast and west Berlin where in Hitlers hey day the red flags with the black swastikas flew and his storm troopers paraded echoed with the artillery of the oncoming red army reported only 10 miles away The German radio which once boomed Hitlers birthday speeches from Berlin had only news ol fresh defeats to offer There was no indication the fuehrer would make a birthday broadcast al though a Swiss report said 21 gauletiers had asked Goebbels last week to persuade Hitler to speak for the sake of morale Thesame dispatch quotinga Munich source said Goebhels and Himmler had refused to act on the matter The fuehrer was believed to be at his mountain retreat at Berch tesgaden planning a twilight of the gods finale to his career of conquest Some recent reports have suggested Hitler still was in Berlin but few believed he wouldremain that close to the red army if he could help it A Zurich dispatch quoting a German diplomat who supposedly left Berlin last week said the reich capital had been stripped for its capture According to the re port all nazi organizations and government offices had been evacuated to the Bavarian re doubt whereHitler plans his last stand The dispatch said any thing that might identify nazi party members uniforms em blems and even books and pic tures of been de stroyed Martin Bormann nazi party leader for southern Germany in cluding the Bavarian Alps anel Berchtesgaden warned potential deserters of sinking Germany Whoever breaks his oath is a scoundrel We will observe with watchful eyes Hitler himself expelled from the party a deputy gauletier named Teschc from the Gau area in cluding captured Halle and Merse burg according to a DNB report Hitler ordered I degrade you and expel you from the party for the cowardly altitude expressed in your phone call You can regain honor only by trying yourself to the utmost in immediate front service In a different tone Hitler thank ed the gauletier of Franken pro vince where a few thousand nazis made a desperate lastditch stand in the capital of Nuernberg We are now starting a fight as fanatical as that we had in our ascent to power years ago Hitler said in his message However great the enemys superiority may appear at the present moment we can armies probably had made their first contact around Dresden Belayed to U Gen George S rations 3rd army front a high ranking source denied that any such meeting had taken plaee unless he added jokingly some of our troops deserted us But the nazis were paying most of their attention to the Berlin front where radio commentators said the Russians had driven into the capitals defense zone proper Moscow dispatches following up tHe first soviet high command confirmation the showdown of fensive on a broad Berlin front reported that the Russians had broken across the Spree river and were closing against Dresden It was in that region that ac cording to a Moscow dispatch outriders of Lt Gen George S S 3rd army and Mar shal Ivan S Konevs 1st Ukrainian army probably haye met The first report of a possible rf Russian forces came from Mos cow United Press Henry Shapiro reported from the CaP1that Russian f that Russian through the Spree river defense line were thrustine a junction with thl afte ready have contacted the scouts Lt Gen George S Fatten Shapiro reported In any event the Moscow patch said giant Stalin and Sher man tanks surging westward from radio greetings with the Americans leporls to van S Konevs first Ukrainian army units closing in wr Marshal will yet break it as we did in the days of old f The only birthday greeting j in on Dresden But by nazi account the closest soviet approach to the Saxony capital was at Bautzen 25 miles northeast U S 3rd army forces were 30 odd miles from Dresden at last re port and it was evident that any such patrol junction as Moscow suggested would be important mainly for its symbolism of an eastwest meeting and the collapse of the German defenses in the Dresden region The soviet high command Thurs day night belatedly confirmed that central army groups hart attacked across both the Oder and Neisse rivers on a 100mile front 4 days ago but claimed for the moment only that they were expanding bridgeheads across both streams Two Polish armies undUCoJ Gen Michal RolaZymierski were participating in the offensive the Soviets said one on front and the other Neisse TbouRh the soviet communique referred cautiously to the strength of the assault nazi broadcasts said the battle before Berlin alone had increased to a violence unparal leled even in this bloodiest of all tC the Berlii across the Hitler made publicly was by the Luxembourg radio in a broadcast directed to the fuehrer personally Said Luxembourg radio If the date is remembered at all it will be with horror and dis gust You have had the war you planned the one you said you would rather have at 50 than at 60 And now the war will long before your 60th which you will not live to see The inferno has started where in m the greatest decision of the war NAZI RADIO OFF AIR London prin cipal radio station the powerful Deutschlandsender which is be lieved located in theBerlin sub urb Koenigswusterhausen 12 miles southeast of the capital had not been heard for nearly 20 hours up to early afternoon Fri day Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazelle carrier boy will be brought about one broad cast said The Germans frankly admitted that Russian troops spearheaded by 2 crack Ruard armies and hordes of tanks were smashing steadily deeper into Berlins con centric defense rings on a 60mile arc despite heavy losses on both sides Nazi broadcasts said the 2nd eaard army plunged down from Wnczcn 23 miles northeast of Berlin to the approaches to Mrausberg 9 miles east of the capital In the deepest soviet pene tration of the German line Other fierce battles were said to be raging on the edge of Muen cherberg 16 miles east of Berlin and in the Buckow area 15 miles from the capital A furious en gagement was being fought at the Macrkische Schweiz race course near Buckow the Germans said ;