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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 20, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL L Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents ji Copy I MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY APRIL 20 1911 This Paper Consists ot Two One NO lea BULGARIAN RR CITY RAIDED BY BOMBER FLEET Plovdiv Is Lashed by RAF in Continuation of Aerial Offensive London Italybased bombers raided the railway cen ter of Plovdiv Bulgaria Thurs day in a continuation of the pow erful allied offensive in which some 6000 planes loosed 9000 tons of explosives on Hitlers Eu rope in the 3G hour period endec night Crewmen returning lo their Italian buses from the dayligrhl strike said bomb flashes spotted the target area in Plovdiv which lies 80 miles southeast of Sofia and is an important point in the rail network of southeastern Europe Britainbased bombers were in active Wednesday night after the unprecedented allied assaults on Germany Wednesday but raiders struck at Englund for the 2nd successive night and loosed bombs along the southeast coast A communique said that only slight damage and a small num ber of casualties none of which was serious had been reported One nazi plane was shot down The alert lasted about a half hour in London which had been the target of a sharp attack the night before but no bombs fell in the city There were no indications of any iarjre scale allied operations over the continent Thursday morning Tlie Berlin radio re ported several times duritur the forenoon that single enemy planes were over north and central Ger many but these probably were merely on reconnaissance missions Mysterious explosions on the i coasl again shook Eng lish coastal towns in the Dover Strait area for 40 minutes after midnight Residents said they saw 2reat fiashes of light so powerful they lighted up the whole coast line One possible explanation was that the explosions were caused by allied delayed action bombs Another explanation was that the Germans were blasting out new defense positions AVichy broadcast said that 750 persons were now known to have been killed in the Paris area and 1200 killed and more than 2000 injured in Rouen and its vicinity during raids Tuesday night A noon broadcast said the cen ter of Rouen was in ashes with the fires not yet completely un der control A Paris broadcast which raised estimates on the dead at Rouen to 2000 said time bombs were hampering rescue work Hitler Has 55th Birthday Amid Ruins By EDWARD W UEATT1E London Hitler cele brated his 53lh birthday anniver sary amid the bombruins ot his onceproud Germany Thursday as allied armies massed on 3 sides of his Kuropean fortress for decisive assaults lhat may end his reign before another year There was no word oti whether Hitler would speak or otherwise note the occasion But Thursday promised to be in striking contrast to D years asi when Hitler celebrated his last peacelime birthday Then he pa raded 40000 nicked soldiers through Berlin showed off the most modern weapons of warfare and tlie lutwaffc filled thc skv in flaunting gesture to the world Now hardly 10000 men could be found in Berlin excepl for the SS police troops Everywhere along the borders of the shrinking British Urge Nazis Observe Birthday Might Be Last By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS ADMIRALTIES GEiSERXL Gen Hiinfonl SlacNider of JIion past national commander of the American Legion rests on sandbags surrounding an Amer ican fortified position on an island in the Admiralties Associated Press photo The British radio broadcast to the German people Thursday Flags out on Hitlers birthday Flags out It might be his last birthday1 Think Nazis to Proclaim New Program Lisbon nazis seem to be getting ready to proclaim some kind of magna eharta for Eu rope with the double purpose oi persuading Europeans their best chance of escaping postwar soeia and economic chaos will be under German leadership while convinc ing the impoverished Gcrmai masse they wont have to go bolsheviK lo get social justice Indications in this direction are seen in discussions of the post war order appearing in the pro vincial German press and also in the 17 point program recently drawn up by quisling economists and social theorists from all parts of Europe at a conference in Bad Salzbrunn At Bad Salzbrunn which is sit uated In Silesia relatively remote from the threat of allied bombs Hitlers followers could discuss amid an atmosphere of peace and quiet the postwar social structure of Europe They frankly aimed nt some thing halfway betwen the dis credited methods of the capital istic social welfare policy and the disruptive antisocial slogans of classwar Marxism Their 17 point program accordingly looks like a compromise between the 1936 Stalin constitution President Four Fredoms Bri tains postwar housing and social security plans and Ihc principles of the nazi party The points all add up to what is described not as national so cialism but voclkisch socialism Kach of the various peoples Vocl kcr of Knrnpc is expected to de velop the type of socialistic setup best suited to its particular char acter and needs The general aim is the creation of a socialistic Europe without a prolclariat An article published in Ihc Oberschicsische Zeitung of Bres lau discussing the postwar out 1 o o k for soldiers and workers contains this striking line 5 years of war we arc once again in a situation similai to 1932 MORE SHOWERS ARE PREDICTED Precipitation in Many Parts of Iowa Listed DCS Moines weather ureau forecast continued showers n Iowa Thursday to add to the precipitation of Wednesday which amounted to as much as 9 of lin ncti at Atlantic Meanwhile the temperature reached a high for the state of G3 Jegrecs at Davenport andIowa City Wednesday and a low of 37 degrees at Onawa Thursday morning The weather bureau pre dicted cooler weather in the east and central portions Thursday and slightly cooler Thursday night Precipitation recorded in addi tion to that at Atlantic included Fort Dodge 71 Council Bluffs and Ames 64 Jowa Falls 56 Des JVIoincs 54 Clarinda 55 Onawa 45 Estherville 43 Creston 41 Mason City 43 Cherokee 35 Spencer 34 Forest City 33 In wood 31 Charles City and Sioux City 30 Lamoni 29 Waterloo 23 Marshnlltown 24 Decora h 20 Iowa City IB Davenport 18 Bur lington 10 Cedar Rapids 15 Albia 14 Keokuk 09 Speaker Gets Into Wrong Dmmg Room N e York Ven ezuelan Counsel General tUcazar Morrison showed up at a dinner in his honor an hour and a half late the sponsors asked if he would like a warmedover meal I have eaten thank he said Morrison explained he had dropped into the wrong dining room announced himselfIts Mflr rison and ate a hearty meal They expected another man by the same name he said H wasnt until they failed to call on me for my speech that I began to won der Rockwell Mohawk Game Is Postponed The scheduled baseball game between Rockwell and Mason City which was to have been played at fi oTclock Thursday has been postponed because of rain The Mohawks will play West Water loo here Friday at fi oclock it the condition of the field permits The postponed contest may be re schcedulcd for next Wednesday Mason City will see action on Mon lay Wednesday and Saturday of jext week Buy War Savings Kouds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier lioy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Showers continuing into Thursday nighi Friday partly cloudy not much change in temperature Iowa Mostly cloudy Thursday night and Friday rain northeast portion Thursday evening and in the west and central portions Friday afternoon slightly cooler Thursday night Minnesota Cloudy Thursday night nazi empire the Germans were on the defensive waiting for the at tack which may mean their doom The allies during the past year have changed Hitlers dreams ofl conquest A year ago the allies already had started the nazis on the road lo defeat First it was at Ei Ahunein then Stalingrad As the year went on Hitler lost Tunisia and saw the destruction of his elite Afrika korps Sicily fell the allies landed in Italy and Hitler lost his oldest ally and the red army started an offensive which has cost the lives of hun dreds of thousands of Germans and wiped out almost all of the nazi conquests in the cast The German fleet was forced into hiding and Hitlers air force was battered by the aerial forces of America and Britain His fac tories and cities were smashed by systematic attacks and his own capital of Berlin which Reich Goering once proclaimed inviolate became the mostbombed cltyiii the worlcl the allies prepared for tbe final blows which the Germans themselves expect at any time Hitlers lieutenants apparently took cognizance of the dismal pic ture confronting Germany There were few shouts of victory no singing of the nazi triumphant Horsl rath er an attempt to have the German people believe that Hitler would become one of the great men of history Propaganda Joseph Goebbels and Goering defended Hitler ns a war leader in prc birthdny messages Wednesday calling on th support him Goebbels attempted lo couple Hitler with great military men of BE AT BACK NAZI ATTACKS IN OLD POLISH SECTOR Reds Launch Heavy Assaults in Effort to Save Base at Lwow London stale Ger man lank and infantry attacks liuve been bcitcn back in the southeast corner of old Poland after fierce seesaw lighting Mos cow announced Thursday in a communique which also told of the capture by Russian shock troops of FelyUkhiny heights for midable barrier guarding the ap proaches to besieged Sevastopol The nazis apparently ill an ef fort to suve their big communica tions center of Lwow launched tlie heavy counter blows east ot Slanislawow 70 miles southeast of the base and some populated places changed bands before the assaults were repulsed he com munique said A German communique Thursday that a Hungarian had captured Nadworna 21 southwest ol Slauislawow The soviet bulletin said a large force of German bombers and fighters appeared during the bat tle supporting an earlier Moscou news dispatch which described the n a 7 i offensive as apparent strong wellcoordinated and sys tematic The Russians said 13 en emy planes were downed While the German attacks seemed primarily designed to save Lwow 45 miles west of the near est Russian forces the offensive also could be an attempt to keep the red army from driving through the CzechoSlovak frontier passes they reached April 8 Lwow itself was heavily bombed Large Allied Naval Force Blasts North Sumatra Base said force miles ATTACK naval forces from Ceylon have made heavy attacks on the northern tip of Japanesc oicupied Sumatra Possible drives from India and Aus tralian bases against the Dutch East Indies is indicated by pincers in the above map by the Russians Tuesday ufchl the communique said with many hits observed on trains loaded with troops and equipment Besides taking F e d y u k h i n y heights about 5 miles from the center of Sevastopol the Russians also outflanked the hill of Sa khurnya Galovka covering the entry to the Inkcrman valley the communique said Except for these advances how everthe battle lor Sevastopol ap pearedWednesday to be flevelop a siege the bulletin re porting that tbe enemy pressed back to the sea was putting up stubborn The Germans counterattacked in the area of the SevastopolSim feropol highway Inil were thrown back to their initial positions and many prisoners were taken the Russians snid The communique said the used aircraft lo support these attacks indicating that they may have constructed emergency airfields since previous Moscow dispatches said all air dromes in the Crimea were in Russian hands The communique added that CHARGES PHONE WAS TAPPED Attorney at Sedition Trial Makes Charges Washington r a Chase Koehne attorney for 1 defend ants in the trial of iO persons charged with seditious conspiracy charged in district court Thursday that his office telephone had been tappectand that he his cli ents were being persecuted Some of my clients have been shadowed for some time7 Koehne told presiding Justice Edward C Eicbcr My jihone lias been and still is tapped What ROCS on in my office can he heard even when Ihc telephone receiver is on it hook That testifies the persecution to which the FBI and other sub versive Clements have subjected the defendants and attorneys in this case Koehne represents Howard V Broenstrupp of Washington Ern est F Elmhurst of New York Lois Sees Man Asleep on Tracks With Head Allowed on Rails NIPPON FORCES ARE SURPRISED WITH ASSAULT 22 Jap Planes on Ground Blasted Fortifications Are Left in Wreckage Allied Southeast Asia Head quarters Kaudy Ceylon mighty allied battle fleet sweeping unchallenged to within 00 miles of Singapore bombed md burned the twin Japanese air sea bases of Sabang and Lho Ngu n a surprise dawn strike oil northwestern Sumatra Wednes day and returned undamaged after destroying at least 23 en emy planes and possibly 5 ships A terse communique revealed that the Britishled task force comprising aircraft carriers bat tleships and a host of supportine warships carried out the devas tating attack almost without op position from the stunned Japa nese land sea and air forces Thundering in over Hie enemy strongholds at dawn carrier based bombers loosed tons of heavycaliber bombs on the Sa bang airfields docks barracks and shore installations while low flying fighters strafed ground planes and other targets At least 22 grounded Japanese planes were destroyed at SabanK and several more at Lho 30 I miles to tlie south while 3 tor ChicaKo UR Thanks to ihartes H Kohn George 1 Tron son 38 a postoffice clerk woke up in the police station this morning Kohn a restaurant owner was coming to work when he spied a hat on the elevated station plat form and immediately started looking for its owner He found on the tracks liis head pillowed on one of the rails Kohn just had time to rush lo the end of the platform and flag an oncoming train which stopped a feuinches from Tronsons head Police said Tronsot had been drinking and apparently had fall en from the platform icssics wcuicsuay Russian warships and plants conDc Lafayette Washburn of Chi leGermin people io tnuccl to smash up German cvaei and Frank W Clark of TH lo the cud nation attempts coma Wash 4 On the Bcssarabian front the His complaint occurred as the ROMANIA GIVEN RUSSIAN TERMS and Friday with light rain history as not being understood Thursday night Showers south west portion Friday afternoon Cooler south and west portions Thursday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 55 Minimum Wednesday night 8 At 8 n in Thursday Rainfall A3 inches YEAR AGO Maximum r4 iVIininuim in lie will be considered as the man of this war by future gener Goebbels said Then peo ple will everywhere understand his greatness Today many dont This ollen happens in history Neither Alexander the Great nor Caesar had been considered by contemporaries as thc great men they were So also Hitler I n d i r cct ly he acknowledged German reverses in the past year explaining lhat in var lime great men and women are subject to perpetual oscillating of fortune and glory Russians said they enlarged their bridgeheads on the west bank of thc Dniester in the Chisinau area taking several localities and kill ing 800 axis troops WILL PUSH AIR DRIVE ON NAZIS London was dcrstood Thursday lo have dercd peace Icrnis lo lircd Ro mania but thc belief prevailed Vihore that thc German satellite court attempted lo settle the matI rirlv nr fup the full ter of a larfic press representation L llDet u in a courtroom jammed with de f fendants their attorneys and otthc prospective jurors After a flurry of confustion arising over Ihe admiltance of some press representatives and an indication by the court that the Stimson Resistance of Foe Decreasing ten terms likely were communicated to tlie United States and Britain he returned as soon ns a jury hrul been seated Eichcr Thursday over ruled defense motions to permit each defendant 10 jury challenges in all holding the group would have lo act jointly in ex ercising a total of 10 challenges plus 2 for alternate jurors The prosecution given the same number iSFORZA CROCE i ARE IN CABINET Badoglio Iorms New Italian Government curtailed during juryselection a i committee of newsmen conferred with Justice Eichcr during a re cess and worked out a plan under which all reporters who have been covering thc trial preliminaries since about j remain in Ihc court of j room War Stimson said Thursday lhat Sc1is wcrc lroTidcd for j our aerial invasion of Germany but lhcir prcss is continuing the pressure is mj iclnporariiy removed to make creasing and enemy resistance onjroora for lhc lirBC nulnbcr ot the whole is decreasing i vcnircmcn awailinjt examination He thus summarized the EuroThc court 5ailj tnc pcan aerial offensive in a press conference during which he also stressed Ihe heavy blows by allied aviation against Japan in the Pa cific and in southeast Asia Discussing the effectiveness of Hie bigscale raids on German fighter plane factories Stimson said that the enemys production of this lypc of plane had fallen off ui cstimalcd 20 per cent since January The enemys reserve of planes therefore will not come easily Stimson said but he cautioned that critical periods arc ahead in the air war Thc secretary said lhat allied air operations from llaly have reached llic point where they al most overlap soviet air opera tions As an example he noted 1 that Ihe Uussians have raided j Galati Komania only 100 miles from 1locsti where American bombers have attacked j Naples UR Marshal Pictro In the Southwest Pacific allied i Badoglio formed a new Italian air power meets practically no j government Thursday with all but resistance Stimson said Alcn Woman Who Called Firemen Because Mate Threatened Her Fined New York Jacqueline Ihuvkins called out thc lire artmcnl and H police radio cars because she said her husband threatened to beat her A magis trate after hearing her story fined her Ihc usual fine for turning in a false fire alarm tioning aerial attacks on Japanese strongholds in the Caroline islands in the Southwest Pacific and the Kuriles at the northern end of the enemys home islands Stimson said that all parts of thc Japanese empire arc thus coming within our range KRIDGE trucks wait lo cross a stream on Cape Gloucester marine en gineers finish a Tubelox bridge built to substitute for one washed out by a flood War Savin Stamps from your carrier hoy s Bonds ami one of the six opposition parties participating and with Count Carlo Sforza prefascist foreign minister and Benedetto Crocc lib eral serving as ministers without portfolio Other members of thc new cabinet will not be announced until Friday following King Vic tor Emmanuels expected ap proval Badoglio also is expected to make a statement Friday regard ing thc new governments pro gram If you have a few KXTRA acres for VICTORY GARDENS phone an inexpensive Ad to rent or lease it He patriotic tell them aboul your and EXTRA MONKY lo fill vour war stamp book JJUUIXG NATIONAL WANT AD WEEK April 17 to Inclusive 8 Insertions for C the price of 4 Insertions for the price c IlIOXK oSOO Remember Want Ads Bring Results Naval Attack May Be First Blow to Regain Singapore By KICIIAKD C BERGHOLZ Associated Press War Editor Allied naval mi Kill has smashed 2 Japanese airfields and a key harbor in northern Sumatra in what may be he first blou in thc battle to regain Singapore and Malaya Sabaiir a tiny island off the northern lin of Sumatra lies at the head of the narrow straits of Malacca which separate Sumatra from Malay and Sabanss excel lent harhor undoubtedly is a key link in the supply route to Burma and LhoiiKU on Ihe Su matra mainland arc within easy bombing ranjre of Singapore Associated Press War Corre spondent Thoburn Wiant reported from Mountbaltens headquarters the raid indicated Admiral Somcr ville now has enough strelicth for airsea atlacks on Ihc Japanese and presages future amphibious operations Wbelbcr thcrr vas any coinci dence or nut ToV y t radio reported Premier Toio conferred with his viceministers Thursday on prob lems reuwrniff immediate atten tion pcdo planes that attempted to in tercept the fleet on its homeward run were shot down into the sea by allied fighter planes total cost to the big allied task force was 1 fighter plane shot down off Sabang The pilot was rcsrurd by a submarine that surfaced boldly undrr direct fire from the Japanese shore batteries li take him aboard Two Japanese destroyers and an escort vessel were strafed at their moorings and left blazing furiously while 2 merchant ves sels were hit directly by heavy bombs and may have been sent lo the bottom It was the first Rreal naval counterblow of the war against the western flank ol Japans southern empire and the allied communique said the enemy gar risons were caught completely off guard Intense antiaircrall tire was encountered after the initial sur prise but it failed to ward the allied raiders One 1000 pound bomb landed squarely on an oil tank sending clouds of black smoke 700 feel in Hie air and numerous direct hits were scored on the Sabans dock yards a power station barracks hangars and workshops Admiral Sir James Somcrvillc rrommamlcr of all allied naval forces Ictl the baltlc fleet almost into the month of the Malacca SfVails which stretch southwest ward to the captured slronshold of Singapore ami complclcd the attack without damage to his force The communique indicated that Sotncrvillc was prepared to meet any naval force the Japanese might dare to throw against him His armada included aircraft car riers battleships and cruisers and an escorting screen of destroyers and submarines probably the most formidable naval force in appear in the Indian Ocean since the start of the war The bold attack brought Japans southern empire under sea and ;