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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 19, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL LI INSIDE WASHINGTON Military Observers See Korea as Invaiion Goal Central Press Capital Staff Washington With Okinawa less than 400 miles from the Japa nese mainland invaded success fully Washington military ob servers are speculating privately on the possibility that Korea may be the next American objective Okinawa which Is about 60 miles Jonff and 16 wide provides an excellent base for future air and land operations against the Chinese coast and Japan proper But some quarters express be lief that once the Americans are firmly entrenched on Okinawa they will seek to expand their operations to envelop as much of Japans holdings on the mainland as Korea In the first place Korea is mid way between the Jap homeland and Japheld Manchuria where many of the enemys heavy indus tries are located With the gradual dissipation of enemy air and naval forces largescale B29 attacks on Manchuriin installations from Korea would become a military actuality In the 2nd place American forces would find in Korea a friendly people whose hatred tor the Japanese is traditional It is felt frankly that a formidable 5th column can be mobilized in Korea to sabotage Japanese activities in tile event of an American landing Significantly the Japanese radio has announced that Korea has been taken into the Nipponese empire The broadcast thanked the Koreans for their war spirit but made no public explanation of the incorporation The investigation of the vet erans administration by the house veterans committee is under the critical eye of skeptical congress men who fear a whitewash of the administration on charges that veterans are being mistreated Many congressmen voted to have the veterans committee con duct the investigation only be cause the powerful house rules committee would not permit an independent probe We had thechoice of voting foreither thelimited investigation or Cone at all complained one disgruntled lawmaker A resolu tion by Rep Philbp J Philbin D Mass would have set up a spe 11man committee to look into cbhaitions in army and navy hos pitals and administration of the GI bill of rights Indications are that the admin istration now will take anything it can get in the way of a man power bill but a number of con gressional leaders express doubt that at the present stage congress will pass any kind of a manpower law at all The original senate bill would give legal backing to manpower controls worked out by the war manpower commission in coop eration with management and labor These controls could be en forced by criminal action against the employer The bill which the senate re cently rejected was much more drastic including in its provisions a job freeze for workers and criminal prosecution of both workers and employers Manpower legislation now has been referred back to the house It will be up to the house to decide whether to appoint a new com mittee to work out a compara tively mild bill which could win senate approval BOMB TARGETS IN SLOVAKIA Yanks Raid Between Allied Russian Lines L o n d o n UEi About 1150 American warplanes bombed and gunned 5 primary targets Thurs day in the GermanCzechoslovak corridor between the United States and Russian armies The U S 8th airforce sent some 600 heavy bombers and 550 fight ers against 3 objectives in south ern Germany and 2 in Czechoslo vakia The U S attack in effect com prising tactical support of both the Russian and American ground forces was aimed at Falkenberg 40 miles northwest of Dresden Elstenverda 30 north of Dresden Pirna 10 southeast of Dresden Karlsbad 70 west of Prague and Aussig40 north of Prague The new assaults followed 2 night attacks on Berlin by Mos quitos and a heavy raid on the railyard at Komotau Czechoslo vakia 32 miles southeastof Chem nitz by a strong force oE Lan caster bombers It was the 46th night in the last 49 that Mosquitos have rained 2ton blockbusters on the be leaguered German capital and the 167th since the war started The british information service said the Mosquitos which are the fastest bombers in the world make the roundtrip flight to Berlin and back in 4 hours Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette rarricr boy DEPARTMENT OFv HISTOSV AND KOINES IA Associated Presi and United Pull Leased 5IASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY APRIL 19 1945 This Paper Consists ol Two SecUonsSertlon taper jonslsu ol Two SectionsSection 165 AMERICANS CAPTURE LEIPZIG Russians Advance Within 18 Miles of Berlin TAKE SEELOW WRIEZEN NEAR NAZI CAPITAL Moscow Still Silent on New Offensive Announce Czech Gains BULLETIN London German radio commentator reported Thursday that Russian forces had reached Hoyerswerda 31 miles northeast of Dresden and 45 miles from American lines northeast of Chemnitz London Russians have captured Seelow andWriezen and advanced to within 18 miles of the eastern limits of Berlin a Transocean broadcast announced Thursday Reporting a series of deep pene trations in the 4day old Russian offensive by 2500000 soviet sol diers Berlin radio announcements said Forst a Neisse river strong hold 65 miles southeast of Berlin also had fallen T r a n s o c eans correspondent Karl Bluecher broadcast that the battle for Berlin in the east is approaching its climax Warsaw Announces Crossing of Oder The Warsaw radio announced Thursday that Polish forces fight ins beside the red army crossed ihe Oder and Neisse rivers Mon day and arenow taking part in the great of tensive on This was the nouncement from the allied side of the crossing of the Oder The broadcast was recorded by the FCC An order of the day signed by Col Gen Miclial Rolazymiersfci commanderinchief of Polish armed forces in Poland said the second Polish army pursued the enemy to the strongpoint of Rothenburg on the west side of the Neisse 12 miles north of Geor litz He said the Russians were but 4 kilometers northeast of Muen cheberg or about 18 miles due east of Berlins city limits and were east of Buckow also 18 miles east of Berlin Wriezen 23 miles northeast of Berlin captured he said alongr withSeelow 25 miles due east Deep but narrow penetra tions had been made from the Russian bridgeheads along the Neisse he said so that the Rus sians were now due south of Cott bus Spree river stronghold 55 miles southeast of Berlin Other spearheads were due south of Spremfoers south of Cottbus and 13 miles 69 miles southeast of Berlin and east of Bautzen 24 miles east of Dresden and but 40 miles from American positions norlh of Chemnitz Russian advances to Bautzen would represent a gain of 24 miles from he Neisse above Goerlitz and advances to Spremberg would be a gain of 16 miles from Forst on the Neisse Other Berlin broadcasts report ed that the Russians had estab lished bridgeheads across the Spree the winding lakeUnking waterway which forms the mdst important part Berlins south eastern defenses This crossing it was indicated was somewhere south of Cottbus perhaps near Spremberg which is on the Spree The Germans indicated the Russians were driving toward Finstenvaide 26 miles west of Spremberg and 46 miles from American positions at Wurzen Among other Russian successes reported by Berlin was the entry of Blicsdorf 24 miles northeast of the capital All these penetrations were vir tually confirmed by the German high command which mentioned breaches east of Muencheberg south of Wriezen norlh Goer iitr cast of Bautzen and north west of Weisswasser 12 miles southwest or Spremberg A Russian penetration to a point northwest of Weisswasser would place the Russians well alongthe road toward Finsterwalde and a union with the Americans The Berlin drive still has not been confirmed by the Russian high command though Moscow frontline dispatches have reported a great massing of soviet forces on this front Marines Conquer 3 Quarters of Okinawa in North Push 7895 Casualties in 18 Days 330 milessouth of Japan the Ryukyu island chain and sup porting carrier raids on Japan proper cost 7895 Americans killed wounded or captured a Pacific fleet communique an nounced Heaviest losses were suffered by the officers and men killed 2220 wounded and 1491 army ma rines and soldiers lost 478 dead 2457 wounded and 260 missing Though marines of the 3rd amphibious corps had brought all of central and northern Okinawa under American control they still were battling isolated enemy groups on Motobu peninsula jut ting out from the northwest coast In southern Okinawa the 24th army corps Jstill was stalled by strong Japanese positions shield ing Nalia the islands capital The fleets big guns and carrier planes were hammering the defenses Other forces on Ie island 3 miles west of Motobu peninsula made substantial gains in the northeast section of the island but Japanese troops in dugin po sitions and pillboxes around legu sugu peak were resisting stiffly In the first 3 days fighting on Ie 388 Japanese were killed and one prisoner taken American losses were 15 killed 73 wounded and 5 missing Washington Packers Dealers Close Becarise Unable to Get Meat Washington UPJ Senators who have been investigating the nations meat shortage for more than a month finally discovered Thursday that there is a pretty alarming scarcity of roasts steaks and even oxtails right here in the capital Every last one of Washingtons slaughterhouses has closed up Couldnt get meat A local packer has given his employes a 2 weeks vacation Cant get meat P F Casey Washingtons largest independent meat dealer has closed up after 37 years in business Cant get meat either Whats more Mrs Elmer Thom as hasnt been able to get any for weeks and weeks Mrs Thom as husband a democratic senator from Oklahoma is head of the senates food investigating com mittee The senators are taking Thurs day off But Thomas has asked representatives of the closed down slaughterhouses the vaca tioning packing plant and the outofbusiness meat dealer to come over Friday and tell what happened just Thomas said he thought uation might lead to the black l market B29S CONTINUE KYUSHU RAIDS Broadcasts Say Tenth of Tokyo Now Destroyed Guam UP Japanese broad casts said 100 or more Superfort resses bombed Kyushu southern most of the Japanese home islands Thursday for the third straight day Three other B29s and escorting Mustang fighters tacked airfields in the Tokyo area enemy radio stations said With one tenth of Tokyo already destroyed foreign diplomats have evacuated the capital the broad casts admitted The Tokyo Domei agency said the Kyushu raid lasted for two hours The B29s were believed to have hit again the six air bases from which Japanese suicide planes take off to attack American warships off Okinawa 330 miles to the southwest Domei said damage to ground facilities was very slight It claimed that at least one B29 was downed by a suicide plane which crashed into it Superfortresses and fighters bombed and machinegunned air fields in the Tokyo area for a halt hour a Tokyo broadcast said It said Japanese fighters chased the raiders away before they could do much mischief limiting dam age caused on the ground to the minimum Another enemy broadcast said Japan advised all foreign diplo matic officials to leave Tokyo be cause of continuing air raids The diplomats accepted the invitation and moved to Karuizawa popular summer resort in the hills 70 miles northwest of Tokyo the broadcast said GIANTS WIN 1ST ON TWIN BILL Boston Giants i scored 4 times after 2 were out in j the 8th inningThursday to defeat the Boston Braves 4 to 3 in the morning game of a Patriots day doableheader Johnny Rucker hit a homer in the bijr frame Yanks Drive Inland on Mindanao Manila Sinvasion troops drove inland Thursday from a 35mile beachhead on the east ern shore of MiridanaossMorogult toward Davan 95 iward Davao east 95 miles to the Two good airstrips were already in ihe hands of the troops who went ashore at Malabangr in the heart of southern Mindanao and at Parane 20 miles to the south Warships and bombers covered the doublelanding with an intense bombardment and the invasion the 2nd of Mindanao was virtual ly unopposed Only a few rifle shots met the troops elements of the 24th di vision as they swarmed ashore Tuesday at the 2 ports 130 miles across theMoro gulf from Ameri canheld Zamboanga The main Japanese forces were believed to have withdrawn in land along the highway which cuts eastward through southern Mindanao to Davio Gen Douglas MacArlhur esti mated that the Japanese had roughly 3 divisions of men with a probable total of 50000 on Min danao southernmost of the Phil ippine islands He also disclosed that Filipino guerrilla forceshad been active along the Moro gulf coast before the landings and since had joined the American troops in expanding the beachhead The 2 airstrips built by the Americans before the fall of the Philippines were seized af Mala hang where the troops were only 41 miics south of Iligan bay A drive across the strip of land cut off the big Zamboanira pen insula from the main eastern por tion of Mindanao The guerrillas were led by Col Wendell W Fertig a former American civilian mining engineer on Mindanao who joined the army at the wars outbreak nnd helped build airfields on the island and also on Luzon THINK TRUMAN WILL CHANGE CABINET SOON KiJgore Possibility lor Labor Secretary Wickard Will Resign Washington mem bers of the Roosevelt cabinet are on the way out and soon Although the feeling has been general here that President Tru man might delay any changes for a couple of months close friends suggested Thursday that one or more new department heads may be named within days Most of them pointed to the labor department which Secre tary Perkins undoubtedly would like to leave as soon as she grace fully can Most mentioned as a possible successor Li Sen Harley Kilgore D w Va Kiigore is satisfactory to the CIO and also has worked with the AFIi Both organizations must be reasonably satisfied with the man chosen because he prob ably will head a revitalized de containing all labor partmenl agencies A change also will be made In the agriculture setup with Secre tary Wickard slaled to step out in favor or a new man who may take over the duties of war food ad ministrator as well Marvin Jones who fills ihe lat ter post told friends recently he would like to go back to the court of claims from which he was borrowed by President Roosevplt Jones still draws his pay as a judge receives no salary as food administrator J B in charge of agricultural reconversion in the war mobilization office might be Mr Trumans choice for the enlarged agriculture portfolio Hutson is a close friend of James F Byrnes the former war mobilizer whose sage advice is likely to continue to be welcomed by the president Byrnes went back to hts Spar lanburg S Car home for a rest Wednesday and it is understood he wont come back to Washing Ion for any unofficial advisory position When he reappears in govern ment service it probably will be as secretary of state succeeding Edward R Stcttinius Jr By that time the San Francisco united nations conference will be over with the way possibly clear for Sletlinius to become the American representative in the proposed security organization Senate Starts Discussion of PreCombat Training for Draftees Under 19 Washington h e senate Thursday takes up the controver sial issue of how much raining 18 year olds should have before they are sent into combat Supporters of the amendment say it has a good chance of pas sage but senators friendly to the war department are expected to putup a batlle The department informed con gress a year ago that the army in tended to follow insofar as pos sible a policy of giving 18 year olds a years training before Thj naval bombardment by dc into combat Later the policy was revised be cause of war pressure and the need for swift replacements par Weather Report stroyers and cruisers was directed by Rear Admiral Ralph S Riggs Amarillo Texas while the entire task force was under command of Rear Admiral Albert B Noble Preston Texas Lt Gen Robert L Eichelberger commander of the U S 8th army and overall commander of the LliyPartly cloudy Thurs Mindanao campaign went ashore y mght and Frday with 30 minutes after the first wave scailcvcd showers warmer hit the beaches On Luzon units of the 33rd di vision tightened the siege arc on the outskirts of Baguio former Japanese headquarters in the 51 FOUND FISH Lansinj Iowa 57pound buffalo fish was caught by Hogan brothers commercial fishermen in the Mississippi river near here The fish which sold to the Lan sing fisheries for was the largest ever purchased by that company Iowa Partly cloudy Thursday night and Friday with scattered showers warmer Thursday night continued mild Friday ripped the enemy positions with 280 tons of explosives A number of Japanese cave po sitions on Baguios outskirts were cleaned out and a large quantity of enemy supplies were captured SHORTAGE OF MATERIALS Tokyo radio indicated Thursday that Japan is feeling the shortage of materials for warplanes A broadcast said that even wooden planes would be built if necessary to keep the kamikaze suicide corps in action Minnesota Partly cloudy south and fair north portion Thurs day night and Friday Hard freeze north and central por tion and not quite so cold ex treme south Thursday night Rather cold norlh portion and rising temperatures south por tion Friday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 43 Minimum Wednesday 27 At 8 a m Thursday 36 YEAR AGO Maximum as Minimum 31 Through Last Defense Before Po Rome 8th army has broken through the Argenta gap smashing the last main German defense line below Ferrara and the River Po 18 miles to the north it was announced Thursday Fifth army forces were officially reported making spectacular advances after capturing Mount Adone 10 miles south of Bologna The 655meter high peakwas con sidered the main bastion of Ger man defenses south of Bologna and speedier progress was ex pected with its capture The 8th army broke into the plain leading to the River Po after capturing Boccaleone key point in he Germans socalled Genghis Khan line of defenses Boccaleone is 15 miles south of Ferrara and 18 south of the Po According to Thursdays com munique from allied force head quarters the 8th armys surge northward continued after the capture of Boccaleone At the same time 8th army units continued to threaten Bo logna by swinging eastward across flooded fields and forcing a bridgehead across the Gaiana canal The 8th was 13 miles east of the key road and transport cen ter Polish units only 10 miles east of Bologna were pouring shells into the city Details of the 5th armys new spectacular advances south of Bologna were not immediately known But front dispatches said he entire position there now was loosening American forces had captured some Italian troops whom the Germans in Italy have been using for rearline jobs Truman Favors FDRs Good Neighbor Policy Washington resident Truman was on record Thursday as favoring the good neighbor policy of tbj late President Roose velt The new president took the oc casion of the senates approval of the Mexican water treaty to make known his views He said the senates action showed its support of the estab lished policy of our government to deal with our good neighbors on the basis of simple justice equity friendly understanding and practical cdoperation By this action of the senate Mr Truman declared the United States and Mexico join hands in a constructive businesslike pro gram to apportion between them and develop to their mutual ad vantage the waters of the rivers that are in part common to them The treaty guarantees Mexico 3500000 acre feet of Colorado river water annually In return the U S gets 350000 acre feet from the Hio Grande ARREST OFFICIAL Rome Federico Bais trochi 74 Italian undersecretary of war from 193336 was arrested Thursday on charges of assisting in Ihe fascistization of the Ital ian army SEIZE ALL OF RUHR TRAP IN GREAT VICTORY Germans Say 3rd Army Cuts Across Northwest Tip of Czechoslovakia Paris first army has captured Leipzig 5th city of Ger many md with the 9th army seized all of the great Ruhr pocket in perhaps the greatest victory of the war Britons on lie north flank closed within 6 miles and sight of the great continental port of They reached the lower Elbe riveron a 20 mile front Just to the south a thousand Germnns with 20 tanks struck out from the British sector and drove 3 to 15 miles into the rear area of the 9th army west oC captured Stcndal They were engaged by calvary forces The foray was iso lated and the Germans appeared to be trying to slip through the 9th armys Ruhr area into the be mountain pocket the 9th armys 5 siegecl Ham southwest of mile deep bridgehead pointed within 52 miies of Berlin A German military spokesman said Thursday night that the American 3rd army had ilirust east from Hof across the extreme northwest tip of Czechoslovakia and reached Bad Eister in Ger many 30 miles west of Karlsbad Seventh army divisions were fighting hard for Nuernberg Ba varian citadel of nnzi festivals Dessau and Halle were falling In the great array of captured cities were Duesseldorf largest in the Ruhr Solingen Remescheid Fuerth Zwickau Luneberg Ans bach and Uelzen The British captured Uelzen only alter 6 days of savage battle Bremen was besieged and Bri tons ought in its suburbs against nazis reported daysigb by Heinrich Himmler The British surge toward Hamburg and to the Elbe carried within 35 miles of Lucbcck on the southeast siflo of the Danish peninsula and 57 of lie leading German naval base of Kiel Harburg was broughl within lisiil artillery range In the south the 14th armored division crashed 12 miles south east of Nuernberg to within 5 of Neurnarkl 78 miles north of Munich and 132 from Hitlers Bavarian citadel of Berchtcs gaden Supreme headquarters cor rected an earlier statement that the Americans had fought to the center of Nuernberg saying late in the day that actually the 3rd and 4nth divisions had linked up outside the cily Off to the southwest of Nucrn bcrjc he Hellcat 12th armored division reached Ihe Frankische Kezat river in a 11 mile dash to within GO of Augsburg Bavarian city of 185000 The German attack on the 9th armys north flank was made by elements of the von Clausewitr panzer division striking south from a forest area in the areas of Lindhof Hasselhorst and Dies dorf about 30 miles from Elbe The action was 60 miles or more northwest of the enst Elbe bridge hencl at Barby The famous Desert Rats 7th YANKS CAPTURE MAGDEBURGTank destroyers and men of the 30th infantry division of the 9th armv move through wreckagestrewn street in Magdeburg Ger many captured Wednesday AP wircphoto ;