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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 19, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT Cf H I TT01 V t N ti i THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY APRIL 19 1914 This Paper Consists o Two One NO 167 RUSSIANS ARE NOW IN SIGHT OF SEVASTOPOL Axis Troops Resisting Fiercely Put Obstacles in Way of Red Forces Moscow soviet commu nique said Wednesday that axis troops were resisting desperately as crack Russian marines pushed through the valleys southeast ol Sevastopol apparently on the verge of joining up with the main body of the 4th Ukraine army foi a combined assault on the big Crimean port The Germans are heaping as many obstacles as they can in the way of our troops and are blowing up bridges across mountain streams declared the commu nique II added that nazi machine gunners were firing on their Ko manian allies if they showed thi least sign of retreat or surrender Gen Andrei I Yeremenkos ma lines Tuesday captured the coas town of Balaklava scene of the historic charge oE the light bri gade and Wednesday one arm was advancing along tlie Balak lavaSevastopol highway less that 7 miles from the port propei while another moved toward th cily along the SevastopolYaU road threatening the base Iron south and southeast The marines were in sight of Se vastopol as they fought throng tremendous barricades bui around cut down and mined tree thrown across the highway south cast of the city one front dispatch said Wednesday The Russians spanned the Tchornaya the dispatch said but were meeting stiff opposition as they scaled historic Fedufcin heights where the Germans were firing from every crag and nu merous concealed strong points The correspondent said tre mendous losses1 were suffered by the enemy as Black sea warships bombers and even submarines blasted their selfpropelled barges trying to escape west of Bala klava He added the Russians now held all airdromes in the Crimea The communique did notjujen uon the fighting on the eastern and northern approaches to Sevas j topol Tuesday Elements of the 4th Ukraine army last were reported to have thrust to within a mile of the north shore of Sevastopol bay Front dispatches said the Black sea air force was pounding Sevas topols harbor night and day and sweeping the sea lanes to Ro mania Squadrons of lowflying stormoviks dropping flares raked selfpropelled barges and trans ports trying to slip out of the bat tered harbor under cover of dark ness In the western Ukraine mean while the Germans were reported to have thrown large numbers tanks and infantry into a fresh as sault east of Stanislawow seeking to hold back the red armys ad vance on the big communications hub of IAVOW The soviet com munique said the iiazis suffered heavy losses in 15 unsuccessful at tacks and left mere than 700 dead on the battletield The communique said many fires were started Monday night in a mass raid by longrange sov iet bombers against the Romanian rail hub and seaport of Constanta an attack which dovetailed with allied air blows against the Balk ans from Italy REPORT HEAVY JAP LOSSES IN IMPHAL SECTOR Allied Defenders Go Over to Offensive Northwest of City By RICIIAKD C BEUGHOLZ Associated Press War Editor Hope Parley to Clear Up Italian Rule Naples Marshal Pielro Badoglio will come here from ihe seal of government lo confer Thursday with leaders of the U Italian political parties it was announced Wednesday amid indications that the hitherto re bellious junta would accept his proposed composition of a coali tion war government The marshal has encountered considerable opposition from parly leaders over personnel of the new Allied defenders of Imphal have cabinet and there was widespread RAF Blasts French Railway Targets With 4480 Tons SHAWANO STREET AWAITS ITS HERO and banners are hung out on narrow Shawano street in Pitts burgh Pa as neighbors prepare to welcome Tech Sgt Charles E Commando Kelly GRAIN OUTLOOK IS IMPROVED Confident U S Will Not Ration Bread Washington IJP Confidence that the Uniled States will be able to avoid rationing of bread flour and olher wheat food products was expressed by war food ad ministration officials Wednesday as new reports from the winter wheat belt told at further im provements in 1944 crop pros pects Government grain experts are now expecting a wheat crop of more than 800000000 bushels Supplementing Uie crop wrill be reserve of around 300000000 bushels left over from previous years The WFA has said that a crop of 750000000 bushels would pro vide enough of the grain for do mestic food and seed requirements normal livestock feeding and moderate exports 7iowever continuation of the use of wheat for more livestock feeding than average for alcohol production and for large lend lease commitments would neces sitate food officials said consid erable imports from Canada The United States has been import ing some wheat from Canada for several months Inasmuch as steps hive been taken to reduce livestock num bers requirements of wheat for feeding during the next 12 months will be lower the officials said than during the past year This official confidence that ra tioning will not be necessary was expressed after E B Derrick sec retarytreasurer of the Mary landVirginia Milk Producers as sociation predicted bread and flour rationing for the nation next winter Bring Back Smythe for Sedition Case Washington UR Edward James Smythe of New York ac cused seditionist who was arrested near the Canadian border after jumping his 51000 bond arrived here in custody of federal agents Wednesday to go on trial with 29 otherscharged with conspiracy in a nazi plot against the United States Asked for a statement as he stepped off a train at Union sta tion with his escort ol 5 FBI agents Smythe replied To hell with Roosevelt the communists and the new deal Wait and hear what I have to say at the trial Smythe was allowed a few mo ments to reply to questions from reporters and to be photographed and was then removed to await the start of the 3rd daily session trlal ln foderal district Dies Rites Thursday one over to the offensive north west oi the besieged Indian slate capital on the Burma border and are making satisfactory progress Frontline dispatches to allied commanders said the Japanese arc suffering heavy casualties trying to drive onto the plain surround ing the welldefended allied base 30 miles inside the BurmaIndia border Southeast Asia allied headquar ters estimated the Nipponese have lost at least 4000 dead in the last G weeks of their Indian offensive and that artillery fire and air support probably accounted for many more killed From the fighting front around Kohimn 60 miles north of Imphal Associated Press War Correspond ent Clyde A Farnsworth predicted the enemys Indian invasion will collapse because the Japanese failed to show power in the air Allied planes rule the entire BurmaIndia border fighting he said and at least as far as the Kohirna front is concerned its hard to determine If the Japa nese airforce still exists Likewise the Nipponese air strength was conspicuous in its absence when Solomonsbased bombers blasted into impotence the strategic Satawan island air drome on Nomoi atoll in the eastern Carolines one of the guardians of the mighty base at Truk ISO miles to the northwest Neither intercepting planes nor antiaircraft tire challenged the allied bombers as they spread 34 tons of bombs over the airstrip Sunday Cither allied planes pounded Ra baul New Britain with a 125 ton attack and hit airdrome and supply areas in the Kai islands west of Dutch New Guinea Central planes hit tar gets on Fingelap Pakiii Ant and Ulul islands in the Carolines and 4 bypassed enemy bases in the Marshall islands pesshhUm Wednesday night on his chances of breaking the politica stalemate but politicians ex pressed belief Wednesday that the joint conference would clear the atmosphere While signs pointed to accept ance of the marshals stand it wa clear some of its more anliBa doglio members would agree re luctantly They said the plan effect gives 5 ministries to wha they call the Badoglio group which they regard as tinged will fascism Count Carlo Sfoiva former Ital ian foreign minister said lie would participate in such a government but only because he felt hat it lie remained out of the cabinet op position would crystalize around him He did not desire this he said because of his wish for Ital ian unity Sfurzu added that though in the government he would continue to oppose the which Badoglio represents Plans for the new cabinet call for each of the G parlies to be given one ministry and two im dcrsecreUuyslups SfoiYu and Benedetto Croce Italian phil osopher and political leader and possibly Giulio Rodino of the Christian democrat party are to be ministers without portfolio Badoglio is to remain as premier and foreign minister WARREN NAMED KEYNOTER FOR SESSION OF GOP Committee Will Urge Martin Be Permanent Chairman of Convention RED SOX BEAT YANKEES 61 SPORTS BULLETIN Boston JP The Boston Red Sox jumped on Johnny Johnson rookie southpaw hurler for 5 runs in the 6th inning and defeated the New York Yankees 6 lo 1 in the morning game of the Patriots Day doubleheader Wednesday Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier hoy Mrs Lizzie Zubrod 85 The proceedings were recessed 1 Tuesday afternoon because of Smythes mysterious disappear ance but its resumption Wednes day was assured when the FBI announced a few hours later that he had been taken into custody at Ausable Forks N Y a fish ing resort near the Canadian line Smythe was asked if he had forgotten that he was to have ap peared in court here 2 days ago Well were here arent we he snapped back Asked how the fishing was at the resort he smiled briefly and said FBI officials said Smythe ap parently had been intending to masquerade as a vacationing fisherman His failure to appear at the opening session on Mon day led presiding Judge Edward C Eicher to revoke his 51000 bond All the defendants who include New services for Mrs Lizzie Zubrod 85 will be Thursday morning at the Im maculate Conception church in North Washington Mrs Zubrod died Monday after a long illness Mrs Zubrod was born Lizzie Kings daughter of Lambert Rings and Alagdelcna Keantcr in Du buquc county Iowa Feb 14 1859 She married Frank Zubrod who died several years ago Surviving arc 9 children Mrs Frank Hilsman Mrs Ambrose Kuhn William Zubrod and John Zubrod all of New Hampton Frank Zubrod Ionia Edward and Arthur Zubrod both of Charles City Henry in Colorado and Her man in Minnesota Nazis Tell All Forces to Stand by for Invasion London reports to a nazi fishing expedition seeking said Wednesday that ul German coastal forces from northern Nor way to tile Spanish frontier had been ordered to stand by for an allied invasion Tiie reports through Stockholm a channel frequently used by the nazis for dissemination of propa ganda said the German forces along the socalled Atlantic wall are in a highest state ol alarm awaiting m invasion which is coming at lime1 A Berlin spokesman was quoted as admitting allied superiority in air and naval power and saying that the English and Americans actually have succeeded without difficulty in assembling the neces sary tonnage Coming in the wake of jittery German speculation on the likeli hood of invasion the standby or ders were reported issued to Ger man infantry armored units ar tillery motorized forces and re serves from Narvik to Hcnclaye Stockholm emphasizing thai the Berlin reports must be viewed as containing much propaganda said the Germans claimed that allied successes or failure depended largely on the ability to achieve surprise Chicago teV The republican arrangements committee Wednes day selected Gov Earl Warren of California as the temporary chair man and keynoter for the partys June 2U nominating convention National Chairman Harrison E Spanglor announced the selection of Warren was unanimous with the 21member committee Span gier said the group also would recommend to the convention the election of House Minority Leader Marl in of Massachusetts as the permanent chairman The choice of Warren for the keynoter liusl was engineered by party leaders including Spanjrler and Walter llallanan uf West Vir Kinia the chairman of the ar ranjtemcnts committee Spangler lold reporters that the selection or the 5 year old Cali fornia governor as the kickoff speaker for the convention made after several members hod told the committee that Warren was not a candidate for national office Although Warren has been considered as n possibility for the vice presidential n m in a t i o n Spangler said William Reichel California member pointed out Warren repeatedly had said he was not a candidate However he has the favorite son support of Californias fit delegates in the presidential race Warrens selection came after the committee had received 12 other nominations Cor the place These included Hel Clare Bpolle Luce of Connecticut Gov Walter Edge of New Jersey Gov FR Romes Fate Rests With Nazis London to a plea fiom Eamon De Valcra that Rome be spared President Roosevelt has told the Eire prime minister that the citys fate rests with Ger many while the Germans again luive sought unilaterally to declare Rome an open city President Roosevelts message dated April 3 was made public in Dublin Wednesday German forces were not en trenched in Rome no question would arise concerning the citys preservation the president said lie asserted the allies often at considerable sacrifice have tried scrupulously to spare religious and cultural monuments The German reply was broad cast by DNB naxi news agency shortly before allied headquarters in Naples announced heavy en emy traffic was noted moving into Rome from the northeast The Germans suggested DC Valera in duce the United States and Bri tain to contribute preser vation of Rome by refraining from what DNB called senseless air attacks A Berlin broadcast recorded by the ministry of information Tues day night said De Valera had sent a note to Berlin March 20 beg ging that the belligerents find a way through intermediaries by which the Holy City could be saved The prime minister was said to have expressed Eires coneerr because nf the lack of any mea sures by the belligerent powers to assume its security The naz news agency referred to nn axi announcement March 22 tha Rome was being demilitarized an said a German reply handed th Irish charge daffaires stated D Valeras statement did not cor respond to the tacts so fyr ci Germany is YANKEE FLEETS AGAIN ASSAULT PLANE CENTERS rectly to Adolf Hitler Joseph Goebbels Hermann Goering and other nazi leaders Gerhard Wil 2 women are accused of seeking helm Kunze onetune leader of to undermine morale of the the GermanAmerican bund is armed forces in a plot linked diI among the accused B B Iliclccnlonpcr of Iowa Gov Dwijjtil Griswold of Nebraska Gov Sehneppcl or Kansas Gov Martin of Pennsylvania Gov Dwijiht Green of Illinois ami senators Wherry of Nebraska Kevcrcomb of West Virginia and Bushfichl if South Dakota The name of Eric Johnston president of Ihc U S Chamber of Commerce also considered No nomination was made rot Senator Vaudcnberg of Michi gan who had been the choice of the leaders until they discovered he might not be named as a dele gate to the national convention At that lime hey made Ihc quick switch to Warren which brought aboul his selection Spanylcr said only one vole was taken and that it was unanimous Other convention officials chos en were Harold Mason of Vermont as tempornrv secretary Vic Mac ol Oregon as chief serI discredit wns disclosed Denies Drunkenness Played Part in Pearl Harbor Dec 7 Attack San Francisco Thomas C Hart USN retired who obtained testimony from officers throughout the Pacific battle zone regarding the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor Dec 7 1041 Wed nesday emphatically denied ru mors thai drunkenness played a part in Hawaiis inadequate de fense thai Sunday morning Returning after 3 weeks of ex Icnslvc travels in the Pacific Mart explained the question ol whether drunkenness was respon sible in any way for the Dec 7 attack has been death and nothing lo cast any Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Occasional showers and possible thunderstorms Wednesday night and Thursday slowly rising tempcralurcs all above freezing Iowa Cloudy Wednesday night and Thursday with showers and scattered thunderstorms west portion Wednesday niaht and entire slate Thursday warmer Wednesday night Minnesota Mostly cloudy Wed nesday night and Thursday with light showers extreme southwest portion Wednesday night and south and central portions Thursday Warmer south and west portions Wednesday night IN MASON CITY beGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 58 inimum Tuesday night 31 t 8 a m Wednesday 33 AGO aximiim IS linimum 28 I I CURTIN ARRIVES FROM AUSTRALIA BULLETIN San Min ister John Curtin of Australia has arrived in the United Stales it was revealed authoritatively Wed nesday geantalarms a post he held at Philadelphia 1 years ago and Carroll Cate of Knoxvillc Torn as sergcmlatarms Warren took office os governor of California last January A vet eran of World War I he has prac ticed law in his home state since 1911 He was deputy city attor ney uf Oakland in and and deputy district attorney of Alaiiicda county IVom to He admitted no startling new evidence pertaining lo the attack was uncovered Turning to the Pacific war it self Hart said he fully expects 8500 Tons of Bombs Fall on Germans in Period of 24 Hours London RAF hurled 4480 tons of explosives the great est weight ever dropped in a single operation on French rail nrgets Tuesday night the air ihiLStry announced Wednesday vhilc U S heavy bombers were Hacking Germany for the 2nd line in 24 hours Sending out at least 5000 war planes in that 24 hour period the Hies blasted a new road toward duy by raining a total of about 00 tons of liombs on conti icntul objectives More than lUOO British bomb ers the heaviest force ever dis latched by the RAF against oc cupied territory launched the 4 ton load Tuesday night Among other targets Rouen was jadly hit and the cathedral there Aas damaged the Vichy radio aid Another French city of 15 000 was declared to be in lames The RAF raid was sandwiched between Tuesdays U S heavy attack on Berlin and luftwaffe targets and Wednesdays fortress and liberator assault on western Germany Nearly 2000 bombers and fighters participated in each of the American operations In addition both Britain and Ihe United States sent out lighter forces with marauders hitting northern France and mosquitos re turning to Berlin Although virtually all crews re imrlccl little fighter opposition Wednesday DUG group of fort resses was attacked by 50 or 69 MElOSs The flyers said some bombers were lost but several German planes were downed by both bomber KUtuicrs and fighter pilots Total losses were 5 bombers and 2 fighters while pilots re ported shooting down ll fighters and bombers gunners shot down 5 enemy planes Wednesday nights communique said explain ing the bombers met only slight opposition from German fighters in spite of the fact that the weather was excellent The communique described the operation as part of the air in vasion of Germany by fortresses ami liberators Thunderbolts Hghlnings and mustangs accompanied the bomb ers Reviewing Tuesdays opeialions aside from the atlack on Berlin which had not yet been reported upon in detail headquarters said U S headquarters announced Photographs made during Tues days 3th airforce attacks on Ger many show bomb hits on enemy aircraft plants at Oranienburg and Rathenow in the Berlin area on American forces to land on Chinese soil before the war is over HAD FLED GESTAPO Oakland tal Hans LachmannMossc once pub 1321 and served as tlistrici altorj Usher of Ihc Berlin Tagcblatt who npy llicrc from In ISI33 He j fled from Kuropc ahead of Hit was named atlcrney geneiul of icrs agents died at his California in nuincin nearby Lafayette A son 1 Crime Tour of Army Deserter and Young i Mother Is Halted SI Paul Minn an nounced Wednesday the arrest of an army deserter Sgt Harold Dobbins 22 Dearborn Mich and Mrs Dorothy Campbell 20 Kan sas City Mo his companion on an 8month crime lour who conj fcssed they had stolen to keep from starving Mrs Campbell a divorcee and her 3 year old son accompanied htm from Camp Forrest Tcnn where he deserted to Cnattaj nooga Tcnn and Dululh Minn i Dobbins said The couple was arrested al a C L RnllnrpC Off lavcrn where Mrs Campbell was i IdK DUUllLCS accused of taking a patrons purse Police found 7 oilier purses in George is an instructor University of Iowa at a rayon plant at Wittenberge 75 miles northwest of Berlin air fields at Luneburg 25 miles south east of Hamburg and Perleburg near Wiltcnbcrge and dockside warehouses at Cnxhavcn on he North sea and at the mouth of the river Elbe Two patterns of bombs felt across liic lleinkel 177 compon ents plant al Oranienburg hitting major buildings nnd numerous COV EAIU WARREN Uc Keynolcr U S FLEET NIPS JAPANESE SUPPLY LINES Repeated American sea and air at tacks on Japanese bases in the central Pacific are helping to slash enemy supply lines to the Netherlands East Indies New Ireland and New Britain and arc weakening Tojos hoid on his plundered empire in the south their hotel room and her baby who had been left alone KILLED BY TRAIN Tama Eva Livingcr 74 who came from Chicago in March to become housekeeper nt a home at Toledo Iowa was killed by a freight train on the North Western tracks west of here Tues I day afternoon Coroner Harvey 1 Jones reported Helmet of lovvan London Elmer Mnn Iccow of Avoca Iowa was waist gunner on a liberator which took part in Tuesdays 2000planc as sault on German targets Flak bounced off my helmel cut my oxygen hose and ripped right throxigh the ammunition belt of my waist gun he reported It Was a nice bit of protection by the old helmet he added THIS IS NATIONAL WANT AD WEEK No war can be supported al the x front unless thosc buck home buy war bonds To get the money sell anything un used about lie place which others can use Want ads arc the inexpensive way lo do it During Ad Week inclusive Notional April 17 Want to 22 8 4 Insertions for the price of Insertions for the price of Phone 3800 6 3 Remember GlobeGazette Want Ads Bring Results j smaller ones At Rathenow 40 j miles wcsl of lierlin an aircraft component plant was hit by heavy concentration of explosives and incendiaries Two of the 3 major buildings received direct hits The plant area VMS obscured by smoke rising several thousand feet at the end of the attack At Cuxhaven a pattern of bombs was strung across ware houses along docks and a num ber of bombs fell in nearby mar shaling yards Fighter opposition was neglig ible on Wednesdays missions re i turned flyers said Airmen who went lo Escliwcjic said no Ger man planes challenged them while Maj Kobert C Scars of Atlanta liberator group leader who flew lo riidcrborn com mented It was a well executed mis sion ond went smoothly alt the way There was neither flak nor enemy aircraft to disturb us The leader of the Gutersloh force Col John H Gibson of Hinsdule 111 sairl we didnt see any enemy fighters at all but caught quite heavy and accurate flak right after we dropped our bombs The first report that U S bombers were continuing in great force the campaign to destroy the roots of German air power came from the Berlin radio The Ger mans reported that violent air battles were raging as nazi fight ers tried to beat off raiders i sweeping over northwestern Ger j many 1 The RAF lost 14 planes in the i overnight operations which in ;