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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, April 19, 1943

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 19, 1943, Mason City, Iowa HAVE YOU BOUGHT YOUR FULL SHARE DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY ARCHIVES i S I 0 1 1 THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION mmr VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FUH LEASED WIRES five CENTS A copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY APRIL 19 1943 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 164 DESTROY 85 AXIS PLANES w x K xx 58 Nazi Air Transports Among Those Smashed Off Tunisia SAYS CARRIERS WERE BASES IN RAID ON TOKIO Dispatch From Africa Reveals Meth Used by American Flyers By UNITED PRESS The ShangriLa bases from which Mai Gen James H Doo liHIe and 79 other American flyers took off in U S army bombers to raid Japan one year ago Sun day were aircraft carriers a United Press dispatch from North Africa disclosed Monday The dispatch passed by cen sors at allied north African headquarters dealt with the present activities of Doolittles raiders and was the first re port from authentic allied sources as to the place or places from which the historic flight began Written by United Press War Correspondent Donald Coe from north African strategic air force base the dispatch began Eleven of the men who fleu Mitchell bombers from aircraf earners to bomb Tokio That told the story The rest o Coes dispatch dated April 17 concerned speculation whelhe the flyers would be able to ge Atvi can fields lor an anniversary cele bration The dispatch appeared to spike a widespread belief that Doo littles flyers took off cither from the Aleutian islands off the west ern tip of Alaska or from base in China More accurate appur ently was a Japanese naval state ment made several days after the i raids on Tokio Nagoya Osaka and Kobe that the planes came from or possibly three carriers in a U S task force in the north Pacific The Japanese estimated the size of tiie task force at more than 10 ships and suggested that the North American Mitchell bombers took off from the carriers at a point about 1200 miles cast and slightly north of about halfway between Yoko hama and Dutch Harbor in the Aleutians The plan was said to have been for the planes to fly over Japan at dawn drop their bombs and land on Chinese air fields in Chekiang province southwest of Shanghai The fact that the raid was staged at noon instead of dawn was attributed to the sisrhlinj of he ask force by Japanese fishing ships Japanese naval authorities sug gested that the American com mander believed the fishing boals might have radioed word of the task forces presence to the Nip ponese high command and cle cided to launch the planes immc COUNTY NEEDS MORE IN BOND DRIVE Full Quota Must Be Subscribed by April 30 Committee Declares Cerro Gordo county is S396 07925 short of its quota for the second war loan drive The full quota of must be subscribed by Friday April 30 it was emphasized by the war finance committee Mon day in announcing purchases of to date While we have 70 per cent oC Harmon Spent 4 Days Alone in Jungles ANN ARBOR Mich Tom Harmon wandered ulonc in the jungles of Dutch Guiana four days after the crash of his army plane before being rescued by a party of natives and taken to a Dutch Guiana base hospital his former football coach at the University of Michigan learned Monday The former Michigan AllAmer ica halfback is now receiving treatment for exposure in the base hospital and other members of the crew of his twinengined bomber are still missing Conch Herbert O Fritz Crisler said he was told by the war department at Washing ton Crisler said he had received a the total the announcement clc ascription of the mishap from clared wo are sorry to say that reports so far do not reflect pur chases by the individual buyers of small denomination bonds in the amount we must have to reach our goal In the second war loan drive of World war I in 1917 the commit tee pointed out there were 5190 subscribers in Cerro Gordo county KING GEORGE VISITS a visit to the British home fleet King George VI walks with Capt C H L Woodhouae left and Admiral Sir John Tovey diately rather than risk action superior Japanese forces Subsequent Japanese state ments asserted that all the Ameri can planes were lost most of them in forced landings along the China coast in extremely bad weather None was shot down by the Japa nese however The Japanese claimed to have captured a number of the flyers who landed in occupied China and the war department last Oc tober acknowledged that the eight men whose names corresponded with those broadcast by the Jap anese were understood to missing One bomber was forced down i Siberia after losing the bear ngs Its crew believed a captain and our other men was interned Doolittlc was awarded the congressional medal of honor by President Roosevelt for organi zing and leading the raid and the 79 other participants were given the distinguished flying cross It was President Roosevelt who t a press conference in Wash hgton suggested that the bomber ere based at ShangriLa a mythical place in James Hilton level Lost Horizon Doolittle himself reported that is flyers had set fire to a new apanese battleship or cruiser in he navy yard south of Tokio howered incendiary bombs on a quartermile of an aircraft fac ory near Nagoya fired a cluster of oil storage tanks and shot several Japanese pursuit ilanes The planes covered an area oughly 40 miles long and five to 0 miles wide from the north of Tokio to the navy yard at Yoke uke to the south Doolittle said VICTIM OF Lcland D Faktor son of Mr and Mrs Lou Faktor of Plymouth was one of the casualties of General Doolitlles raid on Tokio Fak tor who is buried somewhere in China left his home for the service in August 1940 In March his parents received the purple heart and the distin guished flying cross awarded Posthumously to their son or extraordinary achievement in the raid CHILL WEATHER GRIPS STATE Below Freezing Is Forecast Monday Night DES MOINES the basis of this months weather no poet ever would have been in spired to write Oh to be in Iowa now that Aprils there Chilling cold con tinned to grip the state Monday andl month WAACs in Jeep to Visit All Schools The public schools Buy a Jeep campaign will be given impetus Wednesday in Mason City when Li Elizabeth Adams and Set Margaret Wheatly of the WAAC Des Moiues willbe in Mason City ail day to make an appearance at every school in their jeep Cerro Gordo countys schools have set as their goal the pur chase of 40 jeeps at each duriiis April through the sale of worth of war savings stamps Lieutenant Adams was a mem ber of the Anne Morgan ambu lance unit in Belgium when the war started and lived for four months in France under nazi occupation farces She was dec orated by the French govern ment with the Croix dc Guerre for bravery while 1687 persons have pur chased so far in this second wa loan drive U is easy to see tha var department officials They spoke of Toms plane aving faltered Crisler said and all the crew bailed out some vhere over Dutch Guiana Some low Tom became separated from lis crew members For four days he beat his way ibont the jungle and was finally picked up by some natives They ook him to their village over Toms protests that he ought to go uack to look for the other men in he crew They refused to allow lim to do this of course After nursing Tom for a short ime the natives took him to a jase hospital He still wanted to go back but again army officials refused An army expedition was sent out Jo search forthe crew but they apparently havent re ported anything yet From my information Tom was not injured except from the beat ing and exposure he took in the jungles JAP AIRDROMES ARE LASHED BY ALLIED FLYERS MacArthur Harrying Nippon Effort to Build Offensive Air Power By UNITED PRESS Allied airmen swinging blows on a 2000 mile arc of Japanese southwestern Pacific bases are harryinp the enemys attempt to build up an airforce for an offen sive Gen Douglas MacArthurs spokesmen said Monday A communique from MacAr thurs headquarters described damaging raids Sunday at Penfoe airdrome on Timor Cape Glouces ter New Britain and Finsch har bor on the New Guinea coast be sides armed reconnaissance over a wide area A bomber dropped exposves at a 10000ton merchant ship at Kavicng New Ireland but Loiig Range Raid Made on Spezia Base LONDON British home based bombers made the long trip across the Alps again Sunday night to blast the Italian naval base of Spezia tor the second time in six months it was announced Monday The attack was described as heavy and concentrated and while it was in progress aircraft of the fiphter command struck at enemy destroyers at Lorienl the German naval anil submar ine base on the French coast One bomber failed to return from the attack on Spezia The Kalian post was attacked at the beginning of the present longsus tained aerial offensive against continental targets last Tuesday night Freight trains and locomotives in northern France also were at tacked during the night and one fighter plane was reported miss ing ALLIED AIRMEN BATTLE LARGE PLANE ARMADA Makes Greatest Single Air Victory Marked Up in That Sector By DANIEL LUCE ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NOilTH AFRICA XP Allied warplaucs blasted duwn 85 axis aircraft Sunday including 5K Junkcrs52 transports and 1G fighters caught over the Sicilian Straits in the greatest single air victory ol the in this sector and followed up by destroying 10 the small individual investor has not yet been touched The committee feels that it is absolutely necessary for every in dividual in Cerro Gordo county to participate actively in this cam paign Everyone should purchase an extra bond or extra stamps this Good Day To Buy War Sands And Stamps readings in the below freezing 20s were ex pected over all Monday I o w night The dropped unspringUkc 15 nbove it Inwooc Monday night Sunday s high was 65 at Clarinda It was a cold 34 in DCS Moincs at 9 a in Monday Dubuquc reported 2 inch of rain the states only precipitation over night The first bond issued Monday morning went at to Lt Henry B Hook of the tank automotive center nf the U S army at Detroit the committee reported In addi tion to his regular bond purchases mcrcurv of 10 per cent from the nrmy pay Pilot Lee Usher Missing in Action After Bombing Believed To Have Taken Part in Huge Raid on Stuttgart Pilot Officer Lee Usher and his crew of five were among the missing in a bombing raid over Germany on April 15 it was learned here Monday A cable from England informed Pilot Ushers mother Mrs Brice Brown Demossville Ky that her son was missing Mrs Brown telephoned her sister Mrs J C Dickinson Mason City The main concentration of planes was in a raid on Stuttgart on April 15 and it is believed Ushers plane was one of 23 missing in action after this flight Pilot Usher entered the RAF by way of the RCAF He ranked second in exams wher he was graduated from flying school at Regina Sask He was attained to the RAF Feb 11 Pilot Usher was a native of Plymouth where his mother served as superintendent of schools The youth was prominent in athletics in the Plymouth high LEE USHER school He attended Junior col lege in Mason City where he played both football and basket ball master Lieutenant Hook this month is buying an extra SI00 bond lie stated that he wanted the people of Cerro Gordo county to know that the boys in the service are not only buying their regular quota in April but in almost every case arc also purchasing an extra bond because as Lieutenant Hook put it we boys want to get home to you folks The committee called on all Ma son Citynns to show their patriot ism by remaining in their homes from G to 9 oclock Monday eve ning when block wardens and fire watchers expect to visit home on j bond canvass Be ready with your answers to their two questions the commit tee requested The two neighbors will ask everyone 1 Have you bought a bond in April 2 Have you ever sianccl a bond purchase pledge in Cerro Gordo county The air raid whistles will sound the yellow warning signal at G oclock to start the war finance committee representatives on their rounds which arc scheduled to be completed before the all clear at 3 oclock Hitler Birthday Party Tuesday Reservations were pouring in Monday at the headquarters of the Ccrrn Gorrio war finance com mittee for the Hitler birthday breakfast party Tuesday morn ing The committee cautioned everyone planning to attend that reservations must bo in Monday The bond headquarters closes at 5 p mt it xvas pointed out so reservations must be phoned in there No 2037 before that hour Reservations will be received at the Hotel Hanford until 7 p m This is absolutely necessary be cause the size of the crowd will determine the amount of police protection necessary for Reich Marshall Wilhelm Herman Goer ing the guest o honor the committee declared The committee also warned that we as American ladies and entlemen must observe the guar antee of safety which has given Herr Goering in order for him to receive in person the felici tations to be given Herr Hitler der fuehrer of the new work order The question of whether women will be welcome at the breakfas has been raised according to th committee which assured tha the ladies are not only wclcom but wanted particularly in vieu of the personal request by Her Gocring All those attending the break fast ul the Hotel Hanford Tucs day morning will bo reciuiral t bond elated this uiont results could not be seen Another bomber shot down an enemy fighter The anniversary Sunday of the merican raid on Japan letl by aj Gen James H Doolittle the revelation that the liders were dispatched from nir carriers It came as the Jap ncse continued to issue propa anda apparently designed to re eve the memory of that raid A Tokio claim broadcast by radio ierlin but hotsubstantiated else a Japanese army in le Mayu peninsula of Burma had met a superior BritishIndian rmy of 20000 and defeated it illing 500 men Continuod sizable ir attacks on Japanese Burma ositions were reported by U S ncl British air forces in India before they will Ivancc be granted en A special program has been pre pared for the breakfast to com mcmovate of Adolf properly the birthda Schicklegrubcr alia Hitler The Rev George O Mars will deliver the invocation Buy War Savings Bonds an Stamps from your GlobcGazctl carrier boy w Weather Report FORECAST IASON CITY Colder Monday af ternoon and Monday night Low est temperatures Tuesday morn ing 20 Continued cold Tuesday forenoon fresh to strong winds Monday nflemoon diniinishin Monday night OWA Continued cold west slightly colder east portion Monday night with lowest tem peratures slightly below freez ing and continued cold Tues day forenoon MINNESOTA Continued cold Monday night Warmer Tuesday forenoon more transports a Tvlcsser IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday Minimum Sunday night 2S At B y m Monday Strong units of the Italian fleet were suspected in hiding at Spc zia Observers said the success of the attack and the weakness of Italian defenses was shown in the contrast between one bomber lost Sunday night and 55 missing from the twoply blow against the Skoda works nt Pilsen and all Mannheim in Germany Friday Attacking Spezia were Lan casters Halifaxes and Stirlings which flew at least 1350 miles on the round trin As the blackwinged bombers were berthed in their hangars RAF fiehters carried on fhe aerial offensive with morning sweeps over the Dover straits The Italian communique said Spezia was one of several targets of fourengined American suggesting a twin allied assault from north and south on the great naval base which the RAF blasted last Tuesday night There was no confirmation from allied headquarters that the Amer icans too had attacked Spezia The Italians said the Americans also bombed Palermo ami nasusa in Sicily and Porto Torres in Sar dina and commented Great damage was caused in Palermo It it not yet known the number of casualties among the civilian popu lation in Soezia Since Naples is within easy range of allied bombers based in the Middle East it was considered probable that the bulk of Mus solinis navy might be lying in the Spezia roadsteads against possible needs in the final battle in Tunisia or in the evacuation of the rem YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum schmitt fighter Monday The blazing air attacks on the enemys vital air transport serv ice across the Sicily Straits stilt were continuing Ui to 10 a m the days score stood at It Junkcrs52 trans ports and one Mcsscrschmitl 100 shot down making the two day total of 8 transports and 28 other iilaiics destroyed In the past two weeks 155 of the have been de stroyed The allied aerial sciuaclvons were striking Icthally in support of Gen Sir Harold Alexanders 18th army group in raids from the Enfidiwillc line to Palermo A dispatch from Cairo said the transports were laden with cnc ny personnel and heading north eastward toward Sicily when the rap was sprung The dispatch did not bring out whether Die pas sengers were axis troops which broadcasts have said will stay and fight it out or noncom but ant and technical forces such might be expected to be rc inoveci before the allied noose tightens further It was almost entirely an American show it was reported in Cairo Although British im perial planes provided top cov er Uarhawk ami siiitfirc fighters engaged 100 enemy transport aircraft and their escort and in addition the 71 destroyed other pluncs reported damaged A Cairo communique said nine American planes were lost but one of the pilots was known to be safe This was but one oC a scries oC exploits in which allied airmen and ground gunners shot down Sri axis planes during the clny and night nants of the axis army The fleet Sardinian Sicilian and Tunisian lias long refused to risk combat with the British navy but tiie Italians men o war arc now re ported under German direction tarscls ivcrc hcjivily attacked 5 31 The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday SR Minimum Saturday night 38 At 8 a Rain m Sunday 01 inch Flying fortresses left lavge fires in the freight yards and on an air field at Ihc Sicilian port j of Palermo and a communique Tic Kuase of the snowbullinir j said Uiul bombs were seen to allied air offensive is exhibited burst enemy fighters that in the fact that the RAF was I had just landed from an attack on able to press home three masI Hie preceding formation of foi t sive attacks in the space of resses1 three nishts on Spezia Pilscn i United States and South African and Mannheim pilots of he western desert air National Want Ad AVcck April 19 to 24 Incl No WAR can be supported at the front unless those back home buy war bonds To get the money sell anything un used about the place which others can use Want Ads are the inexpensive way to do it During National Want Ad Week April 19 to 24 inclusive 8 Insertions for the price of 6 4 Insertions for the price of 3 Phone 3800 GlobeGazette Want Ads Bring EOLIEj ISLANDS Palermo Messina SICILY Catania Siracusa Mediterranean Sea 050 STATUTE MKES BLAST AXIS SUPPLY Gen Sir Harold Alexanders ground troops get set for the assault on Tunis and Bizerte allied sea and air forces maintain a constant war on Marshal Rommels supply lines Roya navy motor torpedo boats in a night foray pene trated a destroyer screen of an axis convoy in the Gulf of Tunis and sank a merchant man while torpedo planes of tiie fleet air arm scored a direct hit on another it was dis closed by allied headquarters U S flying foi tresses scored direct hits in Palermo har bor in Sicily while RAF bombers attacked the harbor at Cantania and the airdrome and seaplane base at Siracusa in Sicily Shaded area is axisheld coffin corner of Tunisia i ;