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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 19, 1941, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME His r MEM 4 AR r DEPT OF coup HOI A t ASSOC1ATED fc 700 Anwiam Toast To EDITORS NOTE This is another of a series of articles writlen by W Earl Hail Mason City GlobeGazette maiaging editor in he course of a tour through South America as one of a party of 12 guests of the Carnegie Endowment for Infer national Peace NUMBER 35 By W EARL HALL UOTEl CRILLON SANTIAGO the world wed like to have With this toast ringing jn our toast given to us by one of Chiles most famous our Carnegie group left Vina del Mar by train this afternoon for four days in onntiago Chiles capita city where a cultured splen dor reaches its highest state oL development The toast in question was a grand benedic tion upon two most delightful days in Vina del Mar Chiles Riviera and W EARL HALL Valparaiso most important port city on South Americas Pacific coast Jl was given at a sumptuous lunch which was the concluding item of a three hour visit to Santa Maria Technical university sit uated high on an eminence above both Vina and Valnaraiso wel as the sea It was Don Augustin R Ed wards son of the illustrious Chil ean banker and for manv years Chiles ambassador to St James who guided us through the plant and campus ofthisamazing in stitution ind it was Senor Ed wards who proposed the toast Santa Maria university is based on a 1000000 pound be quest by Fredcriea Santa Maria Carerra a Chilean who struck it rich in his investments back in the days of World war No 1 He died in 1925 and his ashes rest in a casket at the lofty ap proach to the campus It was Scncr Sanla Marias wish lhat a technical institution open to all Chileans rich or poor be established But the real planning was supplied by Senor Augustin Edwards the Valparaiso banker named as executor of the Santa Maria will A first decision reached by him was that the institution must be built and maintained out of earn ings on the the capital must remain intact And that is exactly what has happened A magnificiont plant for the train ing of 450 Chilean boys starting at 16 years has been built and the principal investment stands un touched A first step in preparation for establishing the school lay in sending a committee of educators to Europe and tn United Stales in quest of a model for the pro jected Chilean school Entirely without sentiment the committee decided on lie German plan of approach to their problem The building operations were started and a German faculty was brought in The staff today is largely German although one of the professors was at pains to tell me that hey arc not the Hitler kind of Germans Some of the students selected for technical training mostly in engineering in all of its phases are high school graduates More of them however are not For each group there is a special cur riculum designed to icl each boy advance as far as his individual capacity and enterprise ndmils A limited feugain degrees in engin eering more receive only a di ploma or certificate Over one portal is 1 mttlo which seems tr embody the educational ideal of Santa Maria II Disce aut Discccic The rough IrsnsTa lion of ibis is Learn or Get Ou All expenses arc paid for hose who prove worthy The elder Edwards whose dream Santa Maria is was unable to be with us because of a serious ill ness but his son who has had a most active part in building the substitute In his concluding toast he re ferred eloquently in purest Oxford the com munity of interest between Chile and United Slates and lauded the ideal of the Carnegie endowment for peace which at present is facing so dreary a prospect Some he added nations war Men do not like lo fight And THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY APRIL 19 194l MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT TtttE PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTlfcWg SECTION ONE BRITAIN LANDS STRONG FORCE IN IRAQ FIELDS Races to Forestall Axis Thrust Toward Prized Oil Areas By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS LONDON Britain racing to forestall an axis thrust toward the prized oil fields of Iraq has land ed strong imperial forces to open lines of communication through that countrywhich was the scene of a government overthrow 15 days ago An official British announce ment said the troops landed at Basra at the head of tlie Persian gulf The announcement said the new Iraq administration of Sayid Rashid AH Al Gailani was co operating in receiving the British expedition and foreign circles expressed belief that this might result in early recognition of his regime It was considered very prob able that Britains step would strengthen Turkeys hand in re sisting any German encroach ment toward the near east Informed sources said it was unsafe o speculate on whether the development would have any possible bearing upon the status of Syria a French mandate which separates Palestine from Turkey announcement said that the new Jraq administration true to the initial assurances given By Sayid Rashid Ali Al Gailani Iraq premier are affording full facilities and have sent a hi officer to Basra to welcome tlie commanding officer and to col laborate with him Authorized sources said the im perial troops had been given a warm welcome by the popula tion at Basra and that the coop eration of the Iraq government in making possible the execution of ibis neivmove hart made a favor able impression here They added that tlic circum stances gave rise to the hope that more normal relations bc More Good Will to South America Douglas Fairbanks Jr and liis wife trace the route of their forthcoming S o n t h American tour as the film actor accepts in New York an appointment as cultural envoy to South Amer ica He is lo strengthen inter American relations through the theatrical arts so my toast is To the world wed like to have ivfalcolm Davis of the endow ment and Dean Harold Benjamin the latter speaking in Spanish e t Mr Davis observed like uutio jrj that the endowment is wholly reaUstic in its approach to the problem of war and peace ac cepting the world as it is and iry mg to do something about i The pleasure oC our stay here in Vest Chile has been greatly en lanccd by our numerous cour esies from Joseph F Burt Uniled biates consul whom we met first on invitation nt his home shortlv after our arrival He and his inning wife and daughter have been gracious hosts CAPTURED T A rmistice Can Outbuild Others VI hen we going the United States can produce arms faster than any two European countries including Germany wSLm S Rmidsen chief of the office of production management told ate committee investigating defense Knudscn is picture as he dehvcrd his testimony before the committee in Washington tweeu Great Britain and Iraq might soon be established The welcome given the troops by the natives was attributed in part to Iraqs memory of British and Indian soldiers ol tile war Oilrich Jraq long has been mentioned as a soughtafter prize by the European belligerents Sixyearold Feisal II has been king under a regency for the past two year The government of Soy id Taha Al llashitni was over thrown by a nlionalisl military group on April 4 British iources quickly charged that the coup was due to axis in trigue since Iraq troops were re ported lo have seized a British air base near Baghdad Subse fiuenltly he new premier made a statement rcaffiming Iraqs al liance with Britain Nazis Move Into Plain of Thessaly BERLIN uR German forces drove British and Greek armies back from Mount Olympus and the rair junction of Larisa nazis reported officially Saturday and moved down the valleys to Die plain of Thcssaly in an effort to entrap the allied forces by seizure and the of the town of Trikkala porl of Volos Tlie official news agency that the capture of Larisji threat ened to turn he whole coast a miniature Dunkirk and especially endan gered trie port rf Vnlus 3T mics asl of Larisi If Volos wcie it adricd the entire sren would be encircled British and Greek forces wore withdrawn Friday to n new line on which they reported they turned back all German attacks Saturday but the new allied no sitions were not disclosed Trikkala is on the railroad south of Kalabaka There had been no mention in German dispatches the capture of Kalabaka The official agency said that tlie erman air force including dive bombers had been devastating British columns retreating from piling hc dead high on he roads amid wreckage of tanks and other vehicles Many roads it arc already impassable 53 Vessels Are Requisitioned From France VICHY France three merchant ships including the transAtlantic liner Degrasse 18435 tons have been requisi tioned from the French in months it was reliably Salurday Apparently the ships have been requisitioned bv the Ger mans although this dispatch did not say so directly The aggregate roqnislionec ton nage of means of transportation since it was learned in March that out of 430000 freight cars of France had been requfsi tiotieci for Germany by last February and that 240000 of the remainder were concentrated in the Germanoccupied one Scout Joke ROCK ISLAND 111 fp A roupof Boy Scouts at their camp for the first lime this spiHi watched with apparent amuse ment as Boy Scout Executive L C Jameson prepared to light the first fire Boy Scouts must be able to start a fire with two matches Hut limieson used a score with no he discovered lhat using was result Then the paper he sheet asbestos James Roosevelt Leaves to Rejoin Marine Corps SAN FRANCISCO Iff Afler a honeymoon of only four Capt James Roosevelt on of the president left by clipper plane Saturday for Hawaii to report for new duties with the marine corp ATHENS and defenders of the tightened Hellenic line declared Saturday their front was unbroken ind their flanks unturned under the tremendous onslaught of axis armies bolstered by nazi streaming south from Jugoslavia The British army headquarters Athens declared repeated nazi attacks by armored formations and infantry have been re pulsed and said the attackers failed to penetrate the line at a single point The Cerinuns declared they had bolstered the swastika on Mt Olympus Britishheld eastern an chor of the line and indicated that the bombed earthquake shaken town of Larisa 40 miles south of the mountain hid been taken forces arc in conlnt along the whole front the Brit ish headquarters said Heavy at tacks by armored formations and infantry have been repulsed and many prisoners taken Enemy casualties are severe Heroic Greek cooperation on ouileft is playing a valuable part Despite all efforts our front has nowhere been penetrated and our flanks nowhere An Australian detachment surrounded by a German bat talion near Servia northwest of Olympus was reported lo have fought its way buck to British lines akin 150 prisoners The Germans were said to have losC 300 dead Meanwhile Premier Cell Dusan Simovic of Jugoslavia as head of us government in exile released learned J tnougli the Jugoslav legation In Athens a statement attributing the swift defeat of Jugoslav armies fc Germanys speed in striking into Croatia and to lack of prior col laboration with the by hjs country He expressed determination lo go on fighting at the side of our allies until final victory All reports from the front up until Salurday indicnted the allied lines were unchanged in the past hours despite relent less nazi pressure Uc mow them down by the hundreds as they try to climb ine steep mountain sides but as soon as one wave is thronti back another pushes forward said a military officer Their losses are tremendous unequalled I believe by anything they have suffered in the Euro pean war to date This source said the nazis were onnginc up heavy guns lo supple ment the bombardment bv their stukns which fly over 20 and a NATIONAL WANT AD WEEK April 21 April 26 During this week 8 INSERTIONS FOR THE PRICE OF 6 4 INSERTIONS FOR THE PRICE OF 3 Remember GlobeGazette Want Ads Bring Results PHONE 3800 Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Light rain or snow and considerably colder Satur day night Lowest about 3 Sunday cloudy to partly cloudy and colder Fresh northcrlv Saturday afternoon and Saturday night A Cloudy light cas and lighi ram or west consid erably colder Saturday night Sunday cloudy to partlv cloudy colder east and central Frcli northerly winds Saturday aft ernoon and Saturday night MINNESOTA Partly cloudv northwest light rain cast and south colder south Saturday night Sunday partly cloudy colder southeast Fresh north erly winds Salurday afternoon and Saturday night IN aiASON CITY GlDbeGazctte weather statistics Maximum Friday 70 Minimum Friday night 48 At R a m Saturday 49 Trace YEAR AGO Maximum 52 Minimum 3 NAZIS ESCAPING CAMP ARE CAPTURED 28 Reported to Have Gone Through Tunnel From Canadian Camp PORT ARTHUR Out The capture of several of F German prisoners of war who escaped Friday night between 8 P m and 1 i m through a tun nel from an internment camp wis iuinoiinied Siilurduy by Canadian authorities Amhoriiiitiic sources said it was believed that Adolf Hitlers 52nd birthday Sunday mav have had something lo do with the escape Official ld laid plans for aii especially careful watch over Can adas prison camps Sunday The escape brought to 61 the liiuiilicr of prisonerswho have made a break for liberty from Canadian camps We have no details as yet said an official of the office of the dhcctoiof internment opera tions in Ottiwa We merely have been advised that 2B men Imve escaped from a northwestern On tario The official said guards were sent out immediately to try and track down the fugitives The country where the men broke away in tlic night is marked by rugged rock and evergreens The one prisoner who has been killed to date in an escape at tempt died under the fire of an internment guard in that nren Me was Ernst Mueller Who charged Die guards when he wis located in a shanty some miles from the internment camp Of the is prisoners who previously escaped only one re mains at large He is Karon von Wcrra WIB escaped from a prison train takinghim to Ihc inferior from an cast coast Canidian port The baron a German air force officer made his wav to the United Stales and now hoc I here on bail on a charge of il legal entry Later au official in Ottawa said he was informed the prisoners escaped through i tunnel between 8 oclock Friday night when all prisoners were recounted for and I n in Saturday BERLIN Adolf Hitlers Fiftysecond birthday Sunday may f the dalefor the CreekAxis irmislice German political circle declared Saturday Naturally officialdom was loo to say anything so positive but the following straws indicated which way the wind blows 1 The German armys break through Hie Thracian mountain passes was announced This ac cording lo persons versed in mili means the German tary affairs army can now usepanzer units for the fight against opposing forces In the plains around Ger man panzers are believed here to be imiutible The British threat to bomb Home in case Athens or Cairo were bombed wis angrily re iccled Officials said Germany has no intention of bombing i cultural center like Athens nor is Cairo on the bombing lisl 1 It became known thai the highest military authorities gave the strictest orders to spare not only but all other Greek cultural centers Kriiiay authorised sources stated significantly that Greek war prisoners would he Ircated like Norwegian or Dutch pri soners Tims it was indicated Germany lias no such thought uf vengeance against Greece as she has against Serbia By letting the world and there by Greece know of this intended differential treatment apparently an effort was made to hold out an olive branch to Greece KORITZIS DEATH Von Papens Movements in Turkey Appear Cloaked in Mystery FROM CABLE REPORTS The German high command claimed the capture of Jirisa 40 miles south of Mount Olympus nml raid the swastika had been raised on the mountain itself But British army headquar ters m Athens asserted the heavy nazi attacks had failed lo penetrate iie British Greek line at any point Point of View V1NCENNES Ind perspinng and cmbai rasscd men lniggled lo carry piano into Mrs Hyaline MtCiffins farm home Two excited neighbor wom en ivid run out nf hotisr wilh i wlien a ncnrly caught fire PANZERS CANT CLEARWAY ATHENS Greece imperial forces in Greece declar ing their front nowhere had been penetrated announced Saturday that they had repulsed a heavy nazi attack by armored formations and masses ot infantry with se vere losses Despite nil efforts our front nowhere has been penetrated saiI i conimunkuie It added that many prisoners had been taken The imperial troops were re ported in action along the entire front as waves of German in fan try tried vainly to forte a way up the mountains guarding the passes tho face of murderous fire Observers said the slopes were strewn with dead and wounded uazi blitzmen The mountainous country and stout resistance hns put nnzi mechanized warfare in reverse observers said Instead of the German panzer columns breaking through lo clear Ihc roiids for the infantry Hitlers legions now imisl their mi fmt iiicvid Links ii was siid CABINET The meager details and eiman the British at Mount planted their Hag on the heights of that legendary home of the e iqck gods and pushed on lo the P ans of Thessaly nd Lama That apparently meant that the Germans had been unable to pursue their usual blitzkrieg tac tics oC piercing the enem line unable to zkrieg tac enemy line What Makes Wheels Go Round The British andGreeks how ever were forced back to n bird defense lino and despite Saturdays statements that they were turning back every attack with huge losses heir position was viewed as grave at London homo competent observers at London look the position Hal I he British and Greeks actually frilling what amounted lo a guard action which wis in agree ment will tilc vicw by military sources in Berlin Greece had a cabinet crisis on Is hands as a result of the un expected of premier Alexandras Korizis successor tn Gen John iUelaxas who died Jan 23 There were reports that f GeorrEC TI Planned lie for mation of a military govern ment and it was understood lhc wirKm lla1 assumed artimc control as head of the council of ministers Informed sources said the kine earlier ad asked Kostas miitnr governor oc Athens to form cabinet but that he iiatt failed lo do so The British Ihrcat to bomb Rome m case Athens or Cairo wce attacked from the nilwas mgrily rejected Official Germany had intention of onmoing ritiier citv There was si ill feeling of nlvc icry about the movements r raiK yon Papen ambassador to rurkcy Reports from Rome said the Greeks had used him as an intermediary for an armistice request but this could nol confirmed in Berlin Political observers in Berlin were also of the opinion that Turkey may noiv be counted in the axis column and that the country wilt go beyond benevo lent ncutralily Tin German high command said forces had sunk 58 tons of shipping around Britain m few hours The official German wireles head m New York said Bulgarian troops Miday night began stream ing into western Thrace and Mac edonia and the Morava area oC eastern Serbia This action was in me with Bulgarias old ambition to have a corridor to the Aegean Die Mtuation is serious in view of increasing German rein fOKomenls from Jugoslavia the Greek press ministry acknowl edged The struggle continues with great violence all over northern Greece German pressure is in creasing So far no success has been achieved by the Germans asamst the newly formed shorter defense line and the battle is bv no means decided For all Greece the approachmr flour of climax in the fight for nalmnal entity was complicated by the unexpected death of Pre mier leader of tinGreek jtovcrnmenl to die mmnsr the critical struggle ff j KL only SO days after takins ;