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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 18, 1947, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME I NltTtftY THE NtWSfAPIR THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LED Associated Pnw and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON IOWA FRIDAY APRIL 18 1947 This Paper Consists of Two SectionsSection One No 162 SOLONS PASS WAR VET BONUS BILL CIO AUTO UNION Tl PAY PROPOSAL First Definite Wage Demand Is Made by Steelworkers Union General Mo tors offer of a 15cent hourly pay hike was rejected Friday as the first definite wage boost a 23cent hourly the CIO United Steelworkers union was disclosed President Walter Reuther of the CIO United Auto Workers said that the General Motors corpora lion offer is not satisfactory The offer included an Hi cent Wage boost plus pay for 6 annual holidays Covering 220000 production workers it is a duplicate of the offer accepted earlier this week by the CIO United Electrical Workers for their 30000 employes in GM plants The UAWCIO has demanded 23A cents hourly wage increase General Motors last week offered a 10 cent boost The average wage in approxi mately 90 General Motors plants is S131 hourly for production workers The steel unions 23cent hourly pay increase was asked of the Jones and Laughlin Steel corpora tion Friday A spokesman for the firm de scribed the 23cent figure as an overall one as besides a flat pay increase it includes a lot of other things Holiday pay pro visions presumably were among them The pay demanded conceivably could set an industrywide pattern Present basic pay in the indus try is 96J cents an hour Jones Laughlin 4th largest producer employes 25000 work ers in the Pittsburgh and Cleve land ajeas Negotiations for U S Steel Corp and the Steelworkers declined com ment on the disclosure However it was learned that J Sc L had been pressing the union for a def inite pay demand Meanwhile another big CIO United Electrical Ra dio and Machine tained a 15 cent hourly pay in crease from the Westinghouse Electric Corporation affecting over 75000 persons It was the same amount as the union obtained from General Motors Corp electrical divisions Monday The agreement the joint an nouncement said settles all eco nomic issues in the negotiations until April 1 1948 Raises are re troactive to April 1 The agreement is subject to rati fication by the union conference board of Westinghouse locals on or before April 28 BEER SALOON BILL IS PASSED Iowa Senators Send Measure to House Des Moines joint leg islative conference committees beer saloon bill was passed by the senate 31 to 7 late Friday and sent to the house The compromise proposal for new beer control legislation was produced by the conference com mittee after the 2 houses had dis agreed on a previous bill Under the compromise measure every Iowa establishment selling beer would be compelled to dis play the words beer saloon in letters 8 inches high on its front The measure contains numerous other restrictions on the sale of beer lowan Killed as Truck Overturns Near Waukon Waukon Sadler 20 Lansing Iowa was killed Thurs day when his truck left the pave ment and overturned on the road from Lansing to Waukon Forrest Sheriff also of Lansing was taken to a La Crosse Wis hospital with injuries suffered in the accident SAME Blick flac mtiti tnfllo dutli la put 24 fconx Costs to Ride Rails an automobile over the Rock Island station platform at Manly cost Donald L Conrad of Mitchell county in justice court here The car crossed the platform and then proceeded down the tracks for 2 or 3 blocks until it became wedged in a switch on the main line at 3 a m Thursday just as the northbound Zephyr Rocket from the south was due but fortunately the train was a few minutes late The engineer and fireman of a yard switqh engine saw the car lights on thetrack investigated and found the stalled vehicle With the aid of a half a dozen men the car was dislodged the Twin City express bound for Kansas City being held at the depot until the car was removed Sheriff Carl Sheimo of Northwod and Harry Bosworth Rock Island special officer arrested Conrad and a companion the latter being asleep and knowing nothing about what had happened Conrad explained he was trying to reach a cafe west of the tracks and missed the crossing CIO Will Attack Labor Bill in Cotirts If It Becomes Law HouseApproved Measure Sent to Senate With Majority to Beat Veto Washington CIO said Friday the labor bill approved by the house is probably unconsti tutional and unions will attack it in the courts if it becomes law Nathan Cowan CIO legislative director said in astatement The Hartley bill is an illcon ceived badlyconstructed and probably unconstitutional meas ure We will oppose it at every step of the legislative process and in the courts The senate expects to start de bate next Wednesday on its own bill whichlacks many of the union curbs the house voted Chairman Taft ROhio of the senate labor committee hopes to add some on the floor But the changes he has in rnind would leave the senate bill still far less stringent than the house measure This indicates a big job Iowas Vote Washington 8 of Iowas republican congressmen voted with the majority when the house Thursday passed Its labor bill and sent it to the sen ate in ironing out differences when the bills go to a conference com mittee perhaps late this month The house passed its bill late Thursday by a lopsided roll call vote of 308 to 107 A powerful coalition of republicans and south ern democrats pushed it through after rejecting all amendments to tone it down While this was happening the senate committee voted 11 to Z approval of Its legislation Sen ators Pepper DFla and Murray DMont dissented after playing a major role in a rewrite job which stripped the bill of several pro posed curbs on union activities In some respects the house bill and the senate committee measure For example both are alike would Ban the closed shop which com pels the boss to hire only union members Permit the more common union shop where a majority of workers vote for it the case of the house employers want it Under union shop agreements workers must join the union short ly after they are hired Authorize court injunctions to stop or block national paralysis strikes such as a coal or telephone strike The injunctions would stay in effect during compulsory medi ation Set up a new federal mediation agency independent of the labor department Make unions liable for unfair labor practices Employers already are AFL Wants Government to Take Over Western Union Telegraph Firm Washington American Federation of Labor Friday asked the government either to take over and operate the Western Union Telegraph company or to merge it with the Telephone company The AFL said the alternative to government operation of Western Union is its transfer for operation to the American Telephone and Telegraph company The A T T which already holds a monopoly on telephone service is currently engaged in the dispute with the striking Na tional Federation of Telephone Workers The 335000 members and supporters of the NFTW have been on April 12 the picket lines since Frank Bloom attorney for the Commercial Telegraph Union and 3 other AFL bargaining groups told the FCC that the very inef ficiency and incompetency of the company Western Union raises serious doubts as to its capacity and ability to furnish telegraph service to the nation BIG 4 TIED UP OVER AUSTRIA Molotov Rejects U S Compromise on Assets Moscow of State Marshall Friday accused Soviet Foreign Minister V M Molotov of trying to create a puppet state of Austria after Molotov had re jected an American compromise plan for the definition of German assets there Bitter exchanges between Mar shall and Britains Ernest Bevin on the one side and Molotov on the other appeared to doom the slim hope that an Austrian peace treaty would emerge from the conference here Georges Bidault of France observed It is clear that no agreement has been reached on this article German assets in Austria and the result of this discussion has not helped our work1 Marshall told the conference the time had come to make a deter mined effort right here and now to compromise the issue Marshall offered a settlement formula retaining the American insistence that property which the Germans acquired in Austria un der force of duress should not be considered as assets subject to seizure by the allies Milk was the source of 14 per cent of all U S farm cash income in 1945 Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Cloudy with occasion al rain changing to snow flurries and ending Friday night Low est temperature Friday night 30 Saturday clearing and colder Iowa Cloudy with occasional light rain changing to snow flurries and ending Friday night Satur day clearing and colder Low Friday night 28 to 32 High Sat urday 35 to 45 Iowa 5 day outlook The mean temperature will average from normal southern Iowa to two degrees below normal in north ern Iowa The state normal is 51 degrees Minor warming Sat urday Colder Sunday Little change Monday Warmer Tues day Wednesday Precipi tation will average one half inch occurring as showers Sat urday and again about Tuesday Minnesota Partly cloudy north cloudy with some light snow south portion Friday night Clearing toward morning Sat urday fair continued cold IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Friday morning Maximum 53 Minimum 28 At 8 a m Friday 38 YEAR AGO Maximum 84 Minimum 39 SHIFT IN WIND CAUSES THREAT TO TEXAS CITY 11 Fires Still Raging in ExplosionWrecked Town Find More Bodies Texas City Texas smoke from 11 fires rose over stricken Texas City as the dreaded change in wind came Friday Two of the fires were new The coast guard opened a hear ing in Galvcston into the cause of the triggerexplosion in the French steamer Grandcarap that set off the chain of blasts fatal to an esti mated 650 persons Wednesday and Thursday An advance party and firemen dressed in abestos fire fighting suits moved into the Monsanto Chemical company plant shortly after sunrise They were the first to enter the plant in three days Officials are convinced that many more bodies will be found in the stillsmoldering ruins A report to the Houston Chronicle Friday said several persons trapped in the Monsanto Chemical company plant were found alive Friday 48 hours after Wednesdays terrific explosions Police at the main gate to the re stricted area however said at p m CST that they had no knowledge of such victims be ing found alive A stiff north wind had been blowing flames and smoke out to sea but Friday it shifted to the south By 11 a m CST smoke had drifted as far inland as Pal estine and Jacksonville 160 to 175 air miles north of the disas ter area Here however the wind was described as little more than a breath jnd smoke from the fires was rising high before it drifted back over Texas City Astiffground breeze from the south might send heat from burn ing Humble tanks against others in the Sid Richardson plant and set them off However oil fires have no fly ing sparks and officials said resi dential and business structures farther to the north probably would not be endangered Deaths among the injured overnight brought the disaster toll to 271 counted bodies of which 194 have been identified But are missing and the fatality total is certain to rise Mayor J C Tranhan said Fri day that it looks pretty good in the Humble area now Most of the fires there though still burn ing arc under control Deputy Mayor John J Hill said the danger of any further major fire is now just about nil Property loss in the Texas City explosionsmay be the 2nd high est in United States history Fire Insurance Commissioner Marvin Hill said at Austin He said he believed the loss will be 2nd in value to that in curred by the San Francisco fire of 1906 which cost BLAST KILLS 1 AND INJURES 3 Wolf Lake HI Powder company officials con ducted a safety inspection at the plant Friday after an explosion killed one worker and injured 3 others one critically Two giant powder presses blew up Thursday A foreman George Foster was killed and Walter Wil son another worker was hurt seriously Two others received minor injuries Fiftyseven employes working in the plant at the time escaped injury because the jd not spread to the huge dry house where powder is stored AF AVlrepJioto CHEMICAL PLANT IN is a closeup aerial view of the Monsanto Chemi cal company after an explosion followed by fire destroyed it Some parts of the huge plant are still burning NO INQUEST FOR BLAST VICTIMS Coroner Says Deaths Clearly Accidental Crystal Lake Kenneth F Boughton Britt Hancock coun ty coroner said Friday there would be no inquest in the deaths of J J Pierce 50 and J C Mick 67 of Britt who were killed here Thursday in a premature explo sion of dynamite while they were blasting stumps Boughton said the deaths of the men were clearly accidental and he did npt believe an inquest would add any information to the known facts The coroner said the switch used to discharge the dynamite by electricity from a truck 200 feet away was a home made device and it appears there was flaw some where in the mechanism Pierce is survived by his wife and the following children An thony J Minneapolis Francis G and Joseph R Britt Mrs R C Sandberg St Paul James E and Mary M Britt Mick leaves his wife and the following children Mrs Jack Stuber Madison Wis Mrs Lou Hoover Britt Mrs Fred Wall Clear Lake Doris Britt Clayton Jr Seattle Wash Charles and Beverly Britt Funeral services for Mr Pierce will be held Saturday at 10 a m at St Patricks church at Britt the Rev Father Leo OConnell Burial will be at Britt Funeral arrangements for Mr Mick were incomplete v Mr Early Bird Jlfferson City Mo St Joseph Mo realtor told the Mis souri ieal estate convention meet ing Thursday You probably wont remember anything I say but Ill bet you remember my name Ws name is Early Bird Lake Vener is the largest lake in Sweden and the third largest in Europe covering 2149 square miles Iowa House Refuses Public Hearing on Closed Shop Bill Measure Made Special Order of Business in Lower Chamber Monday Des Moines house put on a preview battle Friday over the senateapproved bill to ban closed shops A motion to hold a public hear ing Monday afternoon lost by a vote of 59 to 42 after a spirited battle The house had just made the measure a special order of business at p m Monday Only Friday the house silting committee voted 22 to 8 to bring out the measure for house action after 2 previous attempts to rec ommend it to the house had failed The billswas passed March 31 by the senate 36 to 12 The 6 members who argued for a public hearing said they had had no opportunity to listen to a hearing conducted in the senate They said also they wanted to consider a substitute bill oJIered as an amendment Friday The 3 members who spoke against the hearing argued that the pros and cons had been pre sented in the senate a great deal of publicity had been given to the measure its provisions were well known another public hearing would be unnecessary and that the reason for asking a hearing was for purposes of delay A substitute amendment was offered by Rep Carl A Burkman RDes Moines and 6 others It retained the ban on closed shops a ban on union shops and a ban on forcing a workman to pay union dues It adds however the rights of courts to restraining or injunction powers either temporary or per manent The publication clause to make the proposal effective im mediately upon enactment would be added This was proposed the sponsors said becauscmany labor contracts now are expiring and Texas City Residents Jittery After 30 Hours of Explosions By O B LLOYD JR UP Staff Correspondent Texas City Texas small boy with a package of firecrack ers would be a menace in Texas City Friday The waterfront is a scene of bustling activity as Bulldozers cranes tractors and hundreds of men scrape up the debris and search for the dead But the hundreds of people still walking the streets in the deserted residential section are about to drop Fatigue and shattered nerves are taking their toll People are doing odd things But they arent funny I was talking to some IS per sons in the Presbyterian church A mildmannered man walked in tapped one of the men on the shoulder and said Youd better finish your conversation outside Its going to blow The group ran into the street then stopped and looked sheep ishly at each other After 30 hours of explosions raining death the watchword Its going to blow is fastened to their minds The sudden strange quiet gives the town even more of the ap pearance of a wartime beachhead blackened devastated wa terfront the almost deserted vil lage behind it and people stum bling about dead on their feet The sound of sirens is gone for the first time in 44 hours The pop of a photographers flash bulb is enough to make peo ple jump like a jack rabbit hit by a charge of buckshot I saw a party of fireblackened firefighters sprawled on the grass exhausted There was a roar and they jumped up in stinctively and ran L G Daniel 63yearold owner of a hardware and auto parts store on Main street was boarding up the glassless windows He apologized for his untidy store My roof buckled and some batteries on a shelf tipped over he said Ive got to get up there and fix it Some people will leave town Daniel said A lot of workers here were farmers before high wartime wages drew them into the plants Theyll go back to the farm The rest of us will build the town back He looked wearily at the claw hammer in his hand I think Ill finish tomorrow he said I talked to a 6j earold boy He told me countant his father was an ac whose office had been destroyed twice by hurricanes Now its all messed up again he said Dead on my feet I was walk ing toward a group of men drink ing coffee at a Salvation Army canteen They suddenly bolted and ran toward me I turned and ran with them I fell in step with a man walk ing along the street Ive got to get some sleep he said But he was walking toward the bustling scene of activity at the water front City schools escaped damage ex cept for broken windows but au thorities said no attempt would be made to hold classes for prob ably 2 weeks It takes a long time to return to normal the ban would be effective on any new contracts Labor forces which bitterly op posed the measure were working on a plan to file at least 50 amendments to the bill and speak at least 10 minutes on each amend ment Well keep those farmer legis lators here all summer opponents to the bill said The sifting committee refused by a vole of 12 against to 8 for to report out a house bill calling for a payment of a bonus to Iowa veterans of World War II Mean while the senate sifting commit tee put a similar measure on its calendar In addition to the bonus bill the house committee declined to recommend these measures To permit trolling for fish from power or sail boats on Spirit West Okoboji Clear and Storm lakes It was the second time in 2 days the committee refused to report this senateapproved bill To require life insurance agents to pass written examinations anc pay an annual license fee of This senate bill was also turned down for the second time in 2 days 45 TO 2 VOTE SENDS MEASURE TO IOWA HOUSE Legislation Would Be Subject to Approval in 1948 General Election Des Moincs Iowa war veterans bonus biU was passed by the senate Friday by a vote of 45 to 2 The bill was sent immediately 0 the house Senate republicans decided at a caucus Friday morning to push he legislation through promptly in the hope that it would receive consideration in the house before final adjournment next week The bill sets up a procedure for paying a bonus to Iowa veterans World war II but does not guarantee one The legislation would be sub ject to ratification by the voters in Ihc 1948 general election since the method of financingthe ag gregate cost of 585000000 would lie a direct tax upon all tangible taxable property in the state Bonds for the total amount backed by the tax levy as secur ity would be issued by the state government It would be from 3 to 5 years before bonus payments actually could be made the voters ratified the plan The only 2 dissenting votes on the measure were cast by Sena tors Fred Maytag RNcwton and Robert S Kcir chairman of the senate appropria tions committee Maytag explained his opposition in a speech on the floor and asked that his remarks be entered in the senate journal I dont believe we should pass the bonus bill at this time he said We are now living in one of the greatest periods of economic activity ever known If there is to be a time when a bonus should be paid it is not now The G I bill of rights pro vided the most liberal and most intelligently devised benefits for war veterans and we are now spending a year on that program Much of the state bonus would be used for purposes which would not be constructive and the issu ance of of bonds would not contribute to a healthy finan cial condition Under the bill war veterans who were honorably discharged or who arc still in service would be en titled to payment of S10 for each month of domestic service and for each month of foreign duty up to a maximum of Veterans entitled to the payment would be those who served and were discharged at any time be tween Sept 16 1940 and Sept 2 1945 However men who entered the military forces or continued in service after September 1945 would be eligible for bonus pay ments for each month of duty up to Dec 31 1946 provided they had served at least 120 days prior to that date Senator Earl C Fishbaugh Jr RShenandoah told the senate that it should not regard the bonus merely 4s a financial reward to veterans but as a means of giving them some recognition for their sacrifices This tries in a small way to equalize some of the inequalities brought about by the late war he said If the legislature and the gover nor approve the bill and the voters ratify the bond issue a state bonus board would be set up to admin ister the law The lime for making the payments would remain uncer tain until all details had been worked out Sponsors of the bill said it ivas their hope that if a statewide prop PLAN MESSAGE ON PHONE RIFT Union to Give Stand to Truman and Congress Washington JP Joseph A Beirne said Friday the National Federation of Telephone Workers is preparing a statement of its strike position to give President Truman and members of congress Beirne NFTW president said it j erfy tax were probably will be delivered within the next 24 hours and he hopes it will lead to a wage offer from the telephone companies The leader of the 340000 strik ing telephone workers told report ers of these plans after an NFTW policy committee meeting The strike now is in its 12th day and labor department having met with what it considered rejection of an arbitration proposal is ap parently biding its lime before making any new move Weve gotten bogged down in recent days in lengthy discussions about arbitration Beirne told re porters Somehow everybody seems to have forgotten our basic demand for an immediate increase in wages We have found it necessary to repeat and repeat and repeat that arbitration can never be a substi tute for collective bargaining Beirne declared that the strike will continue until telephone com panies make us a cash offer or until Ihc companies succeed in starving our woiu into submis legislators would be able to find some means of raising revenue other than through taxes on land real estate and other tangible property to pay the costs They pointed out however that a mill age tax had to be authorized be fore the bonds could be issued Mother Is Saved From Drowning But Loses Baby As Rescue Arrives Le Havre France Helen Stafford 31 of the Island of Guernsey was recovering in a hospital here Friday from effects of a 5hour swim in the English channel Thursday during which she tried in vain to save her two yearold daughter from drowning after a plane crash She fainted and the child slipped from her arms and was lost as rescuers approached in a fishing smack Mrs Stafford had jumped from the plane just befort it hit the water ;