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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 18, 1946, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME jpEPARTUENT OF HISTORY ANB ARCHIVE1 oes UOINES i THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LII Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five CenU a MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY AVKIL 18 1916 This Paper Consists of Two One NO 164 HOUSE VOTES OPA 9 MONTH LEASE Russia Loses Committee Fight on Iran SPAIN QUESTION COMES UP FOR GROUP DEBATE LANGE ADDRESSES Oscar Lange sec ond from Polish delegate to the UNsecurity coun cil speaks to other members of the group at the session in New York in which Poland France and Mexico joined in attacking the Franco government in Rail Board Recommends 16 Cent Rise Washington emergen cy fact finding board Thursday recommended to President Trti man a 16cent fhourly wage in crease and changes in working rules for more than 200000 rail road engineers and trainmen The workers members of the Brotherhoods of Engineers anfl had asked for a 25 per cent pays raise figurine ap proximately J3 0 an hour The boards findings were made public at the white house after the 3rnan panel headed by Leif Erickson former Montana supreme court justice had submitted the recommendations to the president just before noon The board found that evidence in the case showed that the en gineers and trainmen were en titled to the 16cent hourly irt crese to compensate for higher living costs i The board calculated the 16 cent boost amounts to an IB per cent increase over the January 1941 pay rates and representec the maximum amount allowable under the wageprice formula Spain as a threat to peace Delegates at the table are left to right Henri Bonnet of France Dr Francisco Castillo Najera of Mexico Dr Eelco N VanKleffens of the Nether lands Lange and Aiuhrei Gromyko of Russia AP Wire photo WHERE UN HEARS SPAIN MASSES Shaded area where Spanish troops are concentrated ac cording to map introduced at Wednesdays session of the UiN security council by Spanish Republican government through Oscar Lange Polish delegate Arrow points to Rhune mountain in France reportedly a Spanish objec tive according to the documents held by Lange Under lined cities and the capital Madrid house 100000 Ger mans and Vichy French militiamen Lange reported AP Wirephoto Board OKs Oliver Plant Wage Boost Kansas City seventh regional wage stabilization board bas approved for pricing purposes wage increases of 18 cents an hour for 1450 production employes of the Oliver corporation Charles City Chairman A J Gran off announced Thursday The application grew out of a collective bargaining agreement between the company manufac turer of farin equipment anct the United Farm Equipment and Met al Workers of America CIO The regional board found that inequities had arisen under identi cal unionism identical manage ment and a like increase granted by the 6th regional wage stabili zation board at Chicago to he companys branch plant in South Bend Ind Other adjustments approved Majority in Rules Committee Hold Iran Question on Agenda New York Russia was reported Thursday to have lost a strenuous battle behind closed doors to have the United Nations security councils proce dure experts rule against further consideration of the Iranian case As the council prepared to meet at 2 p m CST the committee of experts on rules and procedure was said by informed quarters to be split 8 to 3 with the majority holding that the case could legally be kept on the agenda The council was expected to re sume its debate on the controver sial Spanish question at the open ing of the session while the ex perts completed drafting majority and minority reports expressing the committees split opinion on the Iranian question Sources close to the committee said these reports based on a study secretarygeneral Trygve Lies opinion that there might be no legal grounds for keeping the case on the agenda would be sub mitted to the council late Thurs day This ivas expected to open the way for a renewed Hoar tight over the legality at maintaining jurisdiction over the case The lineup In the committee of experts was the same as that during the council flehate earlier this Russia Poland anfl France insist ing that the question should be dropped The other 8 members led by U S delegate Edward H Stettinius Jr have argued that the case should be kept on the agenda un til May G the date on which Rus sia has promised to have all her troops out of Iran Sir Alexander Cadogan British delegate was scheduled to lead off in the Spanish debate with an assault on some of the argu ments advanced Wednesday by PORTER CLAIMS FORM WRECKS PRICE CONTROL Regarded as One of Presidents Worst Legislative Defeats Washington IP The house voted overwhelmingly Thursday to continue OPA for 9 months but in a form OPA Administrator Paul Porter said would wreck price control It was one Pres ident Trumans worst legislative defeats since he entered the while house a year ago The rollcall vote on passage was 355 to 42 The house lacetlng at 10 a m 2 hours earlier than usual tossed the amendmentrid den bill over to the senate where the white house said Thursday that President Truman hopes for much hetter results Asked at a news conference the chief executive had any com LETTER Dewey Mac Kay 8 yeaiold orphan receives the purple heart won by her father before his death in a Japanese prison camp Joan in a letter addressed to Gen Mac Arthur said Please try and find his purple heart and send it to me I have nothing of his I pray for you every night Gen MacArthur issued an order and Maj Gen Homer M Groninger com manding the San Francisco Port of Embarkation made the presentation AP Wirephoto lowons Vote Washington Seven of Iowas 8 republican representa tives voted Thursday in favor of a bill extending OFAS life 9 months Rep Dolliver voted against the hill Reveals Iowa Lacks 3500 Hospital Beds Des aioines lacks at least 3500 general hospital beds Dr E G Zimmerer told the Iowa Hospital association Wed nesday Dr Zimmerer is director of the state hospital survey of which Dr W L Bierring state commissioner of public health is general chair man Dr Zimmerer said central and eastern Iowa has reasonably sat isfactory hospital facilities but that the southwest northwest and northeast corners and the south and central sections of the state are seriously underhospitalized Five counties have no hospitals he said orrestaS Agrees on Some Cind of ArmyNavy Merger Washington of the Navy Forrestals agreement iat some form of unification is desirable steered the caustic merger ontroversy between the sea service and the white house into smooth r waters Thursday Forrestai carried the peace gesture still further with firm advice navy officers to pipe down on antimerger speeches or other ropaganda and stick to congressional committee testimony Forrestai indicated however that no action is contemplated against ear Adm A S Merrill omments to newsmen last week Name Aeleran Dnbuque Oberhau sen 30 a World war II veteran has been appointee1 police judge by the city council Weather Report FORECAST IMason City Fair Thursday anc Friday cooler Thursday night somewhat warmer Friday Iowa Fair and cooler Thursday night Friday increasing cloudi ness and warmer Minnesota Considerable cloudi ness with a few scatterec sprinkles or light shower northwest portion Thursdaj night and northeast portion lat Thursday night or Friday Somewhat warmer Friday an in extreme west portion Thurs day night IN aiASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at oclock Thursday morning Maximum 84 Minimum 39 At 8 a m Thursday 49 Precipitation Trace YEAR AGO Maximum 49 Minimum 28 1 A vacation plan providing for 2 per cent oi the previous years earnings for all employes with an accumulated 6 months service prior to December 31 and4 per cent of the previous years earn ings for all employes with 5 years or more service prior to Dec 31 2 Payment of lime and one lf for Sunday work when this oes not constitute a pyramiding of vertime on the same hours vorked and with the further un derstanding that this does not pre lude the payment of overtime on undays in addition to overtime or holidays or other overtime orked during the week 3 3 hours of callin pay United States Seeks Method to Lift Censorship in Iron Washington resort to drastic news censorship sent the state department on an urgent 2way quest Thursday to de termine 1 Whether the action was Russian inspired anil Z What the United States might be able to do to the iron lid lifted The possibility of a formal protest is being fully explored Indications are that an explanation is being asked from th the Iran ian government of Premier Ahmed Qavam This is expected to shoto wheth er there is any connection between Wednesdays dramatic imposition of blind censorship and the in creasing soviet pressure on vere said by the white house to ave prompted President Tru mans original criticism of what termed navy lobbying Forrestai gave reporters his deas upon emerging from a meet ng Wednesday with Mr Truman Also present were Assistant Sec etary John L Sullivan and A dm Chester W Nimitz chief of naval iperations The cabinet officer said every body is agreed on the desirability or a better mechanism which means unification but he added hat the form unification should assume is something still to be worked out Forrestals reference to unifi cation conirasts with the original navy position that while there is a need for an overall coordinating structure unification of the army and navy into a single command is neither necessary nor helpful The navy delegation Forrestai told the newsmen gave Mr Tru man its views on the question I A senate military subcommittee has drafted a bill proposing a de partment of common defense which would contain the separate but coordinated arms of the army navy and an air force The measure contains much of what the army and the president had requested as well as some of what the navy had offered in its coun terproposal for a national se curity plan This latter sug gested including foreign policy as well as military planning in any general organization While Forrestals postconfer ence talk with white house news men indicated some of the ten sion was eased and an agreement between the services nearer the possibility of immediate congres sional action remained remote Several lawmakers have let it be known that any merger legislation s in for protracted committee at tention Tommy Manville and 8th Wife Separate New Kochellc Y my Manville and his Bth wife Britishborn Georgina Campbell have parted Mrs Manville said in a letter to the asbestos heir that she was leaving for an unannounced desti nation She said in the letter she stil loved Manville but was leavini because you have ordered me to Total plantings of all wheat winter and spring in 1946 are ex pected to amount to 7090100 acres AGREE ON STEPS FOR KOREA RULE Seoul The U Ssoviet joint commission Thursday an nounced agreement upon definite preliminary steps toward a pro visional Korean government its Polish delegate Oscar Lange in his plea that members of the United Nations break diplomatic relations with Franco Spain The British position was repre sented as beingr similar to that voiced Wednesday by Stetinius 1 That Britain wanted to see the Spanish people themselves throw out the Franco regime and Z That H wanted this to he done without starting another civil war On the other side Mexican For eign Minister Francisco Castillo Najera was scheduled to take the floor again to attack the position taken by Stettinius Mexico along with Francevigorously supported Polands move against the Franco regime Wednesday Foreign Minister Eelco N Van Kleffens of the Netherlands op posed the Lange resolution Soviet Delegate Andrei A Grom yko gave no indication as to when he would speak but it was gener ally believed he would back the Polish resolution The Polish position was set forth y Lange in an hourlong speech in which he charged that the Fran co government originally was a creature of nazi Germany anc first concrete decision in nearly month of deliberations The advice of only the truly democratic Korean parties will be sought in establishing the government This was decided after a thor ough analysis of the points of view of soviet and U S delega tions a joint communique said There was no further explanation of how the truly democratic parties were to be chosen from among Korean political and social groups The American Cancer Society was founded In 1913 fascist Italy that it served in war time as an active axis partner anc that it now has caused a state o international friction by compel ling the French republic to closi vams government because of the still pending row over Iran in the United Nations security council The form which Iran chose for control over outgoing news is ne that was used in Russia from bout March 1 or earlier until larch 29 but then partially modi ed It is knouii as blind censor liip because it denies corres ondents the opportunity to learn vhat changes have been made in heir censored dispatches This may he used by an unscrupulous ensor lo distort the meaning of lories The new censorship policy as isclosed to correspondents by the ranian ministry of posts and tele graphs was reported to Wash in g on by the American embassy at ehran The start of the censorship was o tight the embassy told the tale department that reporters vere not even allowed to inform heir home offices The corres pondents in Iran include repre sentatives of the Associated Press New York Times Chicago Tri june United Press Chicago Daily News and Time magazine Iran has been a freenews coun try and in the opinion of Ameri can diplomatic authorities the teady flow of information out o that country during its continu ing dispute with Russia has servec Irans interests well on the whole It was this fact which led to strong suspicions among these authorities that censorship ma her borders with Spain by massing troops on the borders of France VFW Convenes Sioux City than 200i delegates from Veterans of For eign Wars posts in Iowa Nebras ka South Dakota and Minnesot are expected to attend the silve anniversary encampment whic will open here June 13 unde sponsorship of Shull post 580 have been imposed at Russia insistence They fear this may have been the same kind of pres sure which Russian Ambassado Ivan Sadchikov is reported to hav employed in the last few days t force Iran to agree to withdrawa of her case from tha securit council A serving of oatmeal equals slices of bread in food value say the Bureau of Human Nutritio and Home Economics Police Seek Escaped Prisoner With Stolen Airplane J S Officers ail to Get ialtenbach Berlin intelli ence officers liave now failed 3 mes in efforts to obtain Fred W altenbach formerly of Water o Iowa from the Russian zone or possible trial as a traitor Kaltenbach Iowaborn writer one of a K r o u p indicted for reason arising from Berlin broad asts sponsored by the nazi prop ganda ministry at the height of ic war Now in his fifties Kaltenbach ell into Russian hands when Ger any collapsed Three times American authori ses have requested his extradition nd 3 times the Russians have said no We even have offered to turn iver 2 for one an intelligence ifficcr unquotable by name told i reporter We had in custody 2 men we neiv the Russians wanted badly anfl we offered to turn over both n exchange for Kaltenbach but itill they wouldnt do it This officer said Kallenbach had not been well and there was some doubt whether he still was alive The Russians declined to establish that one way or the other he added Kaltenbach broadcast from Berlin for years He took the propaganda line of an Iowa farm boy urging Americans to remain neutral by ignoring what wasgo ing on as the nazis engulfed Eu rope Counterintelligence said Kal tenbach was just about the last of a group of Americanborn broadcasters wanted by the jus tice department The British have executed the most widely known of the Berlin broadcasters Wil liam Lord Haw Haw Joyce ment on the house amendments Press Secretary Charles G Ross told reporters Not jfor print Asked if the president was go ing to do anything about it Ross replied He hopes for much better re sults in the senate He did not elaborate Earlier the house refused on a 370 to 20 roll call vote to shelve the conlinuatlon bill rejecting a motion by Rep Rankin DMiss to send it back to the banking committee Before the final vote was taken Rep Sabath DIU 80year old dean of the house shouted to his colleagues You have murdured OPA On final passage by the house 205 democrats 148 republicans and 2 minor party members voted lor the bill Opposing were 34 re publicans and 8 democrats The bills major clauses now call for prices guaranteeing rea sonable profit to all manufac turers and distributors scrapping government food subsidies repeal of the lowcost clothing produc tion program and an end to the Jefferson City Mo mystery of the missing plane which vanished inlo the wild blue yonder with the young Texan who stole it deepened Thursday as au thorities conducted a widespread but fruitless search of the middle west The plane a Consolidated Vnltee basic army trainer was stolen from the Columbia Mo airport Wed nesday by Vemon P Simpson 2Z Wichita Falls Tex second lieu tenant who learned to fly in the army Police said Simpson escaped on April 10 from the Wichita Falls jail where he was serving a 3ycar sentence for theft of a trailer Simpsons mad dash for freedom began when police stopped the car he was driving in the belief it was stolen Simpsons buddy Billy Gene Cauble 19 also of Wichita Falls surrendered but Simpson ran eluding bullets fired after him Cauble told police he believed Simpson might try to steal a plane and the airport here was alerted Simpson however took another car and drove to Columbia Mo tendants he was waiting for the owner of the basic trainer to take him for a ride He climbed into the cockpit to warm np the motor Morris Mc Kinzie airport maintenance man became suspicious and called po lice Simpson took off as McKInzle came running back fromlhe teler phone and climbed onto the wing in an attempt to pull the pilot from the cockpit Simpson opened the throttle McKinzie fell to the ground and was knocked unconscious by the swerving tail fin l At the Columbia airport he told at1 A few minutes later Simpson paid Jefferson City a social call buzzing the city jail in a farewell to his buddy For good measure he zoomed low over the state capitol Like to scared the town to death said a state trooper Prob ably stunted the growth of the trees too he was flying that low Residents and police stood open mouthed as he soared ofl out of view and that was the last seen of either Simpson or the plane He had gas enough for only 4 hours which would take him about 600 miles Authorities believed he might have landed in a lonely spot and abandoned the plane I Soldier Is Killed in Breakup of Tokyo Black Market Ring Tokyo soldier was killed a 2nd was wounded and 4 were captured in the breakup of a local black market ring the Stars and Stripes reported Thurs day The army newspaper attributed its information to Capt Michael G Frisch chief of the armys criminal investigation division CID in Tokyo None of the soldiers Involved was named Phoenix Arizona has an eleva tion of 1108 feet and an average January temperature of 518 grees cost absorption controls limiting prices on autos radios and the like With the legislation in control of republicans aided by a con tingent of democrats heres what the house has done to ject to senate concurrence 1 Decreed on a 209 to 189 roll call vote that OPAs new life span beyond June 30 shall be no more than 9 months President Truman asked a full year without amendments to ent law 2 Ordered scrapping of the governments an nual subsidy program used to lold down food costs This nmendmcnt stipulates that such subsidies must stop by 1 and OPA must allow price increases to compensate for reductions in The meat ubsidy was ordered stopped June 30 with an equivalent rise in meat prices OPA estimates an end to the subsidies will boost food cists 8 per cent 3 Wrote in a costplus plan requiring OPA to fix prices so as to guarantee each manufacturer and distributor including retail ers a reasonable profit on each item produced and handled Of fered byRep Wolcott this amendment was approved 259 to 137 4 Wrote in a forcedliquidation formula whereby OPA would be required to lift price ceilings on any commodities whose output at tains a rate equivalent to 1941 Industry advisory committees would be given a large voice in determining when their products should be removed from price control 5 Repealed OPAs maximum average price order known as MAP by which the agency re quires manufacturers to produce low cost clothing OPA said this amendment if it becomes law would result in a 10 per cent in crease in clothing costs 6 Prohibited OPA from inter fering with normal profit or dis count margins of retailers and whole salers on reconversion items such as automobiles re frigerators and radios This would repeal a large portion of OPAs retail cost absorption program Reversing itself the house voted 223 to 172 to retain price controls on meat after earlier voting 139 to 122 to erase meat from OPAs control list dc ;