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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 18, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL Associated Press a MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY APRIL is md United Press Full Leased Wins Paper consists ot Two SectionsSection KO 164 W INSIDE WASHINGTON New White House Family Likeable and Very Popular By HELEN ESSARY Central Press Columnist are the Tru mans like Really like Not pretty sentences now What kind of folks are they Are they your kind and my kind These are the Questions Ive asked a dozen people since the portentous news Roosevelt Dead was flashed on to our con sciousness To my questions wherever directed Ive had almost identical answers The Trumans are rmde yard wide allwool stuff They are 100 per cent American You can count on the Trumans As a family they come across Harry Bess and daughter Margaret Strangely the first time I saw Mr and Sirs Truman I almost overlooked them altogether Who are those people over there on the fold sofa I asked at one of Sirs Evelyn Watsh McLeans dinners as Washingtonians always ask when new faces come within their vision Why thats the head of tile Truman committee and his wife AVant to meet them Certainly 1 wanted to meet them I found the Trumans agree able and conservative and almost forgot about them until the dem ocratic convention at Chicago last July Then everybody began asking about Harry Truman The uncer tain health of President Roosevelt was being discussed everywhere in the world and particularly in Chicago then Was Truman of a caliber suitable for the white Claim Red Berlin Push Reaches Clima SAY RUSSIANS LAUNCH DRIVE TO JOIN ALLIES Konev Expands Surge Across Neisse River to 45Mile Front London iP German broad casts declared Wednesday the battle for the eastern approaches to Berlin had reached climax with Russian breaching defense lines only 18 or 20 miles from the capital and that the Soviets had launched a 3rd offensive south ot Stettin aimed at linking with the allies on the north German plain Front dispatches to Moscow as serted the Russians could see Ber lin burning but did not yet specify that any offensive was underway Nine Russian armies are smash ing toward Berlin the Germans said conceding red army gains through the strong hedgehog po sitions in the blazing arc east and northeast of the bombshattered city Tlic enemy declared Stalin had thrown in a 3rd offensive on a 17 mile Oder river front south of Stettin intending to slice in be tween that Baltic port and Ber lin and join the western allies and west of Berlin This house in such desperate times as urive nas assumed great dimen Ihese Many people said no More I sions the broadcasts said The Germans declared Marshal Ivan Konev had expanded his surge across the Neisse river southeast of Berlin to a 45 mile front and was nearing Cottbus on the Spree river48 miles from Berlin Moscow has not confirmed any of these 3 enemyreported drives Capt Ernst von Hammer de clared 9 Russian armies were striking toward Berlin and hun dreds of tanks are rolling battlefield people must have said yes for Truman and his running mate were elected to the two most re sponsible offices in the United States i A very heartening quality the president has is his popular ity with the opposition party Re publicans praise his ability Those who have associated with him say the neiv president isnt afraid to say he has made a mistake Hes likely to make many a mistake be fore he gets us through the mud and slush of the next few years But he will be the first to ad mit he is wrong For example there was the time he got some facts about John L Lewis book keeping mixed up When he found out that he had been incorrect he apologized to the senate for his error The new president and his and daughter are a genuinely happy family Mr Truman doesnt look a sentimental fellow Nat with those gimlet eyes and tight lips But he dotes on his wife and al ways speaks of her as my girl or my darling Mrs Truman has the look of a woman who is sure of her husbands love She isnt lashing looking But she is sotof pretty and plump and comfortable to be about She has nice white hair which she has done at a modest beauty parlor way out on Connecticut avenue When she is with old friends she is homey and chatty Doesnt worry too much about the stale of the world though I am told she is as smart as a that 1 declared her brand of smartness tells her Front dispatches from The the plowedup battle has reached its climax Transocean said the Russians had pushed south from Wriezen and west from Seeloiv where they would be less than 20 miles from Greater Berlin and astride main roads One Russian frontal drive it added is hitting west along a main road from Kuestrin to Muencheberg only 17 miles from Berlin A deep penetration south of Frankfurt also was reported Transocean declared 2500 000 soviet troops were attacking to ward the capital and their 2500 artillery guns and lGOO mortars fiied more than half a million salvoes in the last 24 hours Tomorrow and the day after one oE the bloodiest battles of this war will develop before the gates of Berlin the agency added while propagandists called on Berliners to brace for a bloody struggle inside the city History has singled out Berlin to be a breakwater of the Russian j tidal wave after haviriff stood up to allied air New Chief Intends to Run Own Show By JACK BELL Washington resident Truman intends to run his own show He will take advice from friends But he will make the decisions irT1Lat tne interpretation Uashmglon put Wednesday on several separate actions in whicli the new president displayed a firmness not surprising to those who knew him on Capitol Hill 1 He definitely overruled the ugh command on a matter that had more domestic than military significance in nominating Lt Generals George Smith Patton Jr and Courtney Hicks Hodges to star rank 2 He picked John W Snyder St Louis banker and a friend of 25 years standing as federal loan administrator Washington had understood that President Roose velt was planning to shift Budget Director Harold D Smith to this post 3 He told his news conference rather tartly Tuesday that of course Foreign Commissar Mo lotov of Russia will stop in Wash ington lo pay his respects to the president of the United States as he should 4 He announced positively flatly and briefly that he wants the Bretton Woods monetary agreements and the reciprocal trade program enacted by con gress Pointing to his own rec ord of congressional support of such proposals he did not take occasion to urge them as Roose velt objectives 5 He said he would welcome a talk with Gen Charles De Gaulle provisional president of France as well as other of the big g leaders De Gaulle generally credited in this country with mg snubbed an invitation by Mr Roosevelt to meet him in Algiers In addition to these Mr Tru man found time Tuesday to direct seizure of a Lake Charles La bighoctane refinery plant left idle by a controversy over rents VISIT JAPANInches off the ground overhed omhead Hie huge bombers are now getting their fighter escort for attacks ana or a mainland from Mustangs operating from recently captured Iwo on the na U S navy charged in ject a nearby housing pro And he closed his busy day with a brief address at 9 p m CWT to members of the nations armed n that widely broadcast speech he recalled thai in France in the last war I saw good officers and men Superforts Rip Jap Suicide Plane Bases in 2nd Raid Tokyo Claims New Landings fvllAfn il E tXnn L 100 Superfortresses ii the 2nd tirrle in less than 12 hours pnetwo punch yet against 6 main fait and be replaced Mr Roosevelt has fallen he ut said but he never falterednor will we Mr Trumans action in promo tion of Patton and Hodges was credited as a move toward the sort of cooperation he has asked from and promised to give con gress Less than a month ago Gen George C Marshall army chief of staff told the senate military affairs committee it was not pos sible to elevate Patton and Hodges o 4star rank because each com manded only one army not an army group His former colleagues on the committee when to play dumb Thats idea of a smart woman my Margaret Truman white house daughter is a graceful friendly blond She takes pains to be pleas v ant wherever she is And she re i members names and the faces that go with them When Mr Truman became vice J president he and his family con t tinued to live modestly in an I apartment on Connecticut avenue Mostly Mrs Truman did her own j housework there For several l weeks her friends have been try i j ing to get her a good maid One of Mrs Trumans particular fiiends Mrs Arthur Claredon Smith has been trailing a cook for Mrs Tru man That problem is solved had the promise ot several ones for Mrs Truman Smith explained But now I guess Ill stop trying Bess wont be hav good Mrs ing any servant while problems for Reformatory Head Dies at Omaha Rockwell City va Pauline Johnston 49 superintendent of the womens reformatory here for 18 years died Tuesday in an Omaha hospital Hospital attendants said she had been a patient there since Feb 28 She was a native of Quincy 111 FOP SALE GRANDSTAND lies Moines Anybody want to buy a grandstand On April 26 the Des Moines board of education will auction off the baseball grandstand at Western league park the old man lh foi promotion of several others to he rank of full general Mr Truman who had had his differences with the high com mand on army promotions a year previpusly when he ivas a com mittee member sympathized but could no nothing When he be came president he acted fast This is the kind of cooperation 1 legislators understand BOMB SOUTHERN Russian troops carried banners ready to nail to flagpoles in the city One Moscow newspaper printed photographs of Russians in a huge system of tunnelcon nected steel concrete pillboxes fronted by lines of antitank ob stacles a caption said with pow erful operations soviet troops smash these powerful fortifica tions which lead lo Berlin Transocean said the latest Rus sian offensive hit on a line from Schwedt 48 miles northeast of Berlin to Greifenhagen 12 miles of Stettin and was toward the StettinBerlin railway From Schwedt the Soviets could push straight toward the German plain or throw a pincers south ward on Berlin Stettin might be cut off from the rear Konevs push west from the Neisse spread along a 45 mile front from Forst to Goerlitz Transocean said reporting terrific fighting and heavy tank battles in the forest country southeast1 ot Cott bus on the Spree Konevs troops are 75 miles or less from Ameri cans pushing toward Dresden Moscow dispatches said Soviets in Czechoslovakia had sighted the ancient battlefield of where Napoleon defeated Russians and Austrians in their drive toward the arms center of Brnenn 12 miles northwest of Austerlitz German columns were reported being thrown back upon Brnenn despite their heavy anti tank fire Other Russians were ripping the nazi line along the Erlauf between St Poelten and Linz and one column was reported at the outskirts of Jlelk on the Danube i 40 miles west of Vienna explosive laden planes against American warships off Okinawa Wednesdays raid marked the 3rd anniversary of Lt Gen James H Doolittles historic carrieri based raid on Tokyo now nearly I destroyed as result of B29 i Says Tariff Policy Must mi 11 a nun a iirmeo J i forces throughout the world In i e raids ln thc past 6 weeks OTlTimiP A Japanese broadcast s a i d i American troops have landed tiny Menna island just south otreialv nearlyconquered le island and 31 miles off Okinawas embattled lon sal Motobu peninsula Clay d Wednesday failure to continue thc nations reciprocal The invasion like that of le tariff policy might well lead to was designed to gain additional i 3rd World airfields for the Americans the broadcast said It indicated the landing occurred sfmultaneousfy with that on le Monday Pacific fleet headquarters was silent on the purported but announced that of le already had been cleared against moderate resistance On Okinawa marines battled 1300 to 2200 Japanese entrenched in the hills of Motobu peninsula m the northern sector Thc Japa nese counterattacked 4 times Tuesday and an important hill changed hands twice in thc vicious war The statement came as Presi dent Truman encountered his first pitched battle in congress In response to questioning from the house ways and means com mittee Clayton reclared that the failure would disillusion the world regarding this nations pledges for economic prosperity through free trade The commit tee began hearings Wednesday on the administrations request for of the fighting Three hundred renewal and broadenin reciprocal trade act Many nations will be unable So YANKS STORM EDGE OF BAGUIO Igorotes Capture 4 Filipino Traitors Manila s troops Wed nesday stovmed the outskirts of Baguio Japanese citadel from which Filipino guerrillas have rescued more than 7000 civilians in the last 3 weeks The civilians who were brought to the American lines included a number of U S citizens President Sergio Osmenas daughter Mila gros and Brig Gen Manuel Koxas former speaker of the Phil ippines assembly Four members of the Filipino collaborationist government also were captured by the daring Ig orot natives who stole into Baguio at night and brought out the ci vilians in groups ranging from 2 to 1800 persons Gen Douglas MacArthur said the 4 collaborationists would be held for the duration of the war and then turned over to the Phil ippines government for trial and judgment The men and their positions in the Japanesecontrolled puppet regime Jose Yulo chief jus tice of the supreme court An onio De Las Alas minister of fi nance Teofilo Sison minister of Paredes enemy repay the United States for goods dead were found when the immediately after the war Clay on i ton said and unless steps rines finally won a firm hold the hill Bisect Reich by Push Into Sudetenland Paris U S 3rd army infantrymen in vaded Czechoslovakia Wednesday bisecting Germany with a plunge into the Sudetenland which Hitler annexed to the reicli after Munich in 1938 The 90th division invaded Czechoslovakia northwest of Asch in the northwestern tip of the country The Americans had dashed 8 miles from the area of Hof which is about 10 miles south of captured Plauen The Ruhr triumph assumed proportions of the greatest victory of the war even more costly to the Germans than the deteat at Stalingrad Already 309484 prisoners have been taken from the industrial trap and 50000 more were expected t D MI r D VI C WAR WRITER DIES IN ACTION Beloved Columnist Hit by Jap Machinegun Fire on le Island Washington Pyle Is dead The famous little war corres pondent beloved alike of dough boys and fivestar generals was killed Tuesday on le Jima a small island lying off Motobu pen insula of Okinawa His death was announced by Secretary of the Navy Forrcstal and President Truman issued a statement of condolence The nation is quickly saddened again by the death of Ernie Pylc Mr Truman said No man in this war has so well told the story of the American fighting man as American fight ing men wanted it told He deserves the gratitute of airhis countrymen Forrestal said Pyle was killed instantly by Japanese machine gun fire while standing beside a regi mental commanding officer The secretarys statement said With deep regret the navy an nounces the death on le Shima Jima of Ernie Pyle whose re porting of this war endeared him to the men of the armed forces throughout the world and to their families at home He was killed instantly by standing beside the regimental commanding officer of headquar ters troop 77th division U S army At the time of his death he was with the foot soldiers the men for whom he had the greatest admiration Sir Pyle will live In the hearts of all servicemen who revered him as a comrade and spokesman More than anyone else he helped America to understand the hero ism and sacrifices of her fighting men For that achievement the nation owes him its unending gratitude Ernie Pyles full name was Ern est Taylor Pyle but he was nd dicted to simplicity both in his The 24tn army corps above Naha capital of Okinawa was quiet taken now to permit eventual re tniough exports tothis MOTHERS DAY Washington iP President country there consequence Well lose be a 2fold interior and Quinton minister of justice MacArthur also announced that troops of ihe 33rd division hud reached the northwestern out ale skirls of Baguio former Japanese j soldiers and he hated it Twice j refugees headquarters in he Philippines in Europe he narrowly escaped fled stari to suirender Wed nesday The Germans lost 312650 in killed and captured at Stalingrad one of the de cisive victories of history The 9lh army captured Magde burg 334358 securing a firm anchor of the Elbe river opposite Berlin The industrial and com mercial center was the 20th largest city of Germany before hombs and shells reduced it to the smoking ruins which the Hell on Wheels 2nd armored and Old Hickory 30th divisions captured The halving of Germany was of more geographical than immedi ate military importance because the enemy still has circuitous con tact between north and south Germany through the mountains of Czechoslovakia Censors would pass only the bare report that Czechoslovakia was entered Presumably the invasion was In ilie Plauen area where troopi of the BOth and 26th divisions last were reported within 1 miles or the frontier Eastern Czechoslovakia has been deeply invaded by the Russians who Wednesday fighting within sight of the industrial city of Bruenn It was the 7th or per haps the 8th country invaded by Gen Eisenhowers western arm ies The others were France Bel gium Holland Luxembourg Ger many and Monaco Some of Eisen howers forces in the Maritime Alps may have crossed the Ital ian frontier as well Final battles continued inside the cities of Halle Duesseldorf Dessau and the suburbs of Bremen The 3rd army entered Zwickau The British moved to within 22 miles of Hamburg The ith army outflanking beleaguered Nuernberg closed to within 85 miles of Munich and 140 of Hit lers home at Berchtcsgaden Chemnitz was under frontal as sault Tlic Canadians captured Ede They liberated all northeast Hol land Prisoners for April alone totaled more than 875000 and since Dday 2055575 As the 9th army in Magdeburg reached the river before emerged from cellars arid rushed for water The Sth army also fought 5 miles east of the Elbe in the bridgehead be yond Barby 15 miles southeast of Magdeburg and within 52 miles of Berlin The Germans blew the highway bridge across the Elbe but at last writings und in his dealings with thc douglibcvs whose stories told Pyle saw more war than many reports the rail bridge still was intact Germans held out on Rothis nL i Horn island in the river as late as the money tended as credits to other nations as happened after the first World gratitude love and devotion the nations mothers to to repay our debts REICH KILLED AT DOUGHERTY 1350 Yank Planes Hit Rail Targets Air Fields London 1350 American bombers and fighters attacked rail targets and German air fields in southern Germany and western CzcchoSlovakia Wednesday An announcement that some 600 Mustangs and Thunderbolts were shooting up German air fields again indicated they were out to strike the final blows against the nazi air force which had lost 1447 planes in the pre vious 48 hours It was the 3rd straight day the 8th air force had hit the target More than 750 Flying Fortresses and Liberators bombed rail lines in the corridor between the allied armies The persistent bombing of transport facilities in that area was aimed at disrupting thc flight of the nazis into thc Bavarian i Alps FORECAST Mason City Fair and continued rather cool Wednesday night1 and Thursday lowest Wcdnesl day night about 2B Iowa Fair and continued rather cool Wednesday night and Thursday freezing temperatures in the north portion and frost or near freezing temperatures in the south portion Wednesday night Minnesota Fair and continued cold with hard frost Wednesday night Thursday partly cloudy Not quite so cold northwest por tion Freight Train Hits Car at Crossing IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather Maximum Tuesday Minimum Tuesday At 8 a m Wednesday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum statistics 49 28 30 Dougherty Fther James P i tained communications 52 31 Hamill about 50 pastor of St Patricks church here was killed instantly about II oclock Wednes struck by Western rail road freight train At one time Father Hamill was assistant pastor at Holy Family church in Mason City and before that at Rockwell He came to St Patricks from a pastorate at Edgewood Father Hamill was born in Tama and was ordained June 6 1930 at Dubvtque The body was taken to the and onetime summer capital for thc islands Two other American columns at the same time reached points less than 3 miles from the southwestern and southeastern limits of the northern Luzon city Philippinesbased bombers con tinued the firm blockade of China sea shipping and sank or destroy ed at least 21 enemy vessels in cluding a destroyer and a sub chaser A single navy Liberator ac counted for 2 of the ships an 8000ton transport and a 2000 ton freighter in a raid on Singa pore Saturday night It was the first time that a Philippines based plane hit Singapore b i g enemyheld port at thc southern tin of the Malay peninsula Most of the rescued civilians from Baguio were in good physi cal condition They had been aid main with the ed by the Igorotes who 33rd division by whal the Ameri cans dubbed the Gstring tele graph1 In their daring past Japanese guides and led the civilians to the American lines along secret mountain trails known only by the Igorotes Most of the civilians were res cued from the Japanese mountain stronghold The only remaining were a few aged and infirm who were unable to make the 4mile u the rough terrain Hogan funeral home in Dougheri Stamps icarrier Buy your War your Bond the death that overtook him on Okinawa where he was writing Ms daily column A beachhead villa in which he had been sleeping in Italy was hit by an enemy bomb shortly after he had switched beds a year ago last March He and 4 other newspapermen including George Tucker of the Associated Press escaped with light cuts Again during the battle of the breakout in France he was al most killed by allied bombers at in ancient for ofbattle had died down and civilians who had tcii clamoring to get back in thc city Thousands of im pressed foreign laborers scrambled for food in the ruins The British fought through the Bremen suburbs and advanced to within 22 miles of the greater port of Hamburg in exploiting a wide breakthrough of German lines be fore the lower Elbe Duesseldorf greatest city of the Ruhr was falling to the 17th air borne division The Ruhr pocket which has yielded 265806 prison uy iiinea oomocrs at ers was stamped out except for w kMW y McNair 25 square miles about Duessel U35 Muea tlnrf About the dangers of being n war correspondent Pye once wrote a friend I try riot lo take any foolish chances but theres just no way to play it completely safe and still do your job The front does set your blood and you miss dorf Hiille and Dessau were falling lo the first army which was clos ing up the southwest portion of a gigantic siege arc around Berlin 52 miles from the nearest of Lt Gen Courtney H Hodges troops Chemnitz was under frontal as sault from 3rd army troops after it and want to be back Ijfc up its commander refused a oulltll tijere is very simple very ultimatum Other 3rd army Plicated devoid of all the jealousy troops were 4 miles from Czccho and meanness that float around Slovakia and the Germans said headquarters city and time the reich already had been sev ered that the western front no passes so fast Its unbelievable Pyle was born Aug 3 1900 on a farm near Dana Ind His fath er William C Pyle still lives there His widow the former Ger aldine Siebolds of Still water Minn lives in Albuquer que is7 M where they built a home a few years ago After attending Indiana uni versity he started newspaper work on the LaPorte Ind Her ald He worked on the Washing ton D C Daily News from 1923 to 1926 when he quit to make a try with Mrs Pyle longer existed as such and that Germanys southern and northern commands now were separated Third army troops were about 30 mites from Dresden and 75 from Russian lines CONNOLLY DIES Ntw Rochelte N Y eph V Connolly 50 year old president of King Features Syn dicate International News Serv day following a heart attack ;