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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 18, 1944, Mason City, Iowa ut r At i n ur HlSTOftV ANQ DCS IIOINCS U NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AWL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL L Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Kive Cents x MASON C1TV IOWA TUESDAY APRIL 18 19M This Paper Comisls ol Two One 740 2000 Yank Planes Hit AbandonsPlanto Berlin Other Targets NAZI AIRPLANES ARE FORCED TO HEAVY BATTLE AntiInvasion Goals on PasdeCalais Area Also Lashed in Raids London b o u t 2000 American heavy bombers anc fighters attacked Berlin and othci objectives in Hitlers continental fortress Tuesday forcing Gcrmai planes into heavy aerial battles One strong formation carried nut the bombing of Berlin UK first daylight blow at the much bombed capital since March 22 The Britainbused furlrcssc and liberators struck Germany h strength for the first time in fiv days A separate force of lib erators lashed at antiinvasio targets in the PasDcCalais arc in northern France The first announcement of th bis operation indicated that prob ably 1000 heavy bombers loo part accompanied by as man mustangs thunderbolts and light uings flying a protective escort Allied medium and light bomb ers joined the fresh offensive crossing the channel in sunny weather The attack on Berlin curried forward a bombing campaign which saw American bombers over the city 6 times lust month pouring more than 6000 tons of bombs on selected targets at a total cost of llli bombers The German air force lost at least 302 fighters defending Uie prize target Tuesday the German radio launched into both warnings of the approach of the American and descriptions of the fighting that followed Berlin radio declared a great aeria battle developed over north ern Germany as escorting fighters were dispersed by attacking German fighter units so the 4 engined bombers would be at tacked directly Despite bad weather the German fighters in flicted heavy losses on the Ameri cans and on return flight the heavy bombers were attacked in cessantly the radio said When the American bombers approached the Berlin area their losses increased and a great many parachute landings were seen Berlin said It asserted CVrman fighter planes took off from dozens of airdromes along the route to engage the American for mations despite bad weather conditions RAF mosquito bombers blasted Cologne Monday night The air ministry announced that one plane was lost durin the operations which also included minelaying operations Allied Mediterranean airforces meanwhile completed 72 hours of incessant hammering of the enemys Balkan supply lines Monday night as Wellingtons and liberators smashed at the Plovdiv railyards 85 miles southeast ol the Bulgarian capital of Sofia The attack on Plovdiv came on the heels daylight smashes a rail targets at Sofia and Belgrade and plane plants and an airdrom in the Belgrade area by and liberators Twentysix German aircraft were destroyed during the days operations The allied losses were 2 heavy bombers and 8 fighters Like Sofia and Belgrade Plov div which is Bulgarias 2nd city is on the route of the Orient Ex press main line through the Bal kans to the Dardanelles A Stockholm dispatch quoted advices from Switzerland as say ing that Romanian railroad and oil field workers were fleeing their jobs by the hundreds as a result of the heavy air attacks Bucharest was described as with out water and electricity and 40 per cent of its population was said to have been evacuated The Germans have thrown a cordon of troops around the Plocsti oil works and have for bidden worker to leave even i when off duty it was said Attacks on the rail centers have hampered the flow of supplies to the eastern I front the report added and bc j cause of a shortage of labor the nazis were being forced to use special troops for repairs London enjoyed its 4th free night and a German which ventured over the south i coast of England early Tuesday was shot down Force 4Fs Into War Job Washington house military committee Tuesday aban doned plans for special legislation to force 4Fs into essential work through the threat of induction KNOX DECLARES KURILE ISLANDS TO BE INVADED Question Prompted by Increasing Regularity of Bombing Assaults Washington of part of the Japanese Kurile island chain reaching north from the homeland may be ex pected Secre tary of the Nav K H o x s a i c Tuesday A s k c cl at n e w s confer ence whether i was likely tha the Unite States won enemy attempt to tak that i s 1 a n group in th north Pacifi lie r c p 1 i c sure but nobod JAPS BASE AT is the first photo taken of the Japs naval base at Paramushiro in the Kurile islands frequently bombed by American planes in their forays deep in enemy territory The photo was taken at night and shows the snowcovered air strip and revetment Warehouses and the camp arc close to the docks Nazis Tensely Watch Signs of Invasion Preparations By LOUTS F KEEMLE United Press War Editor Germany lenselv watched mounting signs of allied invasion in ions Tuesday while the air offensive against her European strong tentions Tuesday lold continued unabated and Russians stormed the last de enses of Sevastopol in the Cri nea Axis radio broadcasts predict ng the imminence of invasion Betrayed n c r over h c possibility hat it might come at an un expected time or place despite utmost German efforts against iiiprise That feeling was shown in a broadcast by Martin Hallen sleben military ommentator of the official DNB news agency He said precautionb were being taken to anticipate any possible allied move since surprise was essential to the suc cess of an amphibious landing German uneasiness undoubted ly was heightened by the unprec edented British move in sealin all possible diplomatic leaks mda since no such length of iast could be properly fortified There is no question however lat the Germans have erected a rmidable defense wall along the orthwestern French and Belgian oasts and the shore line of the etherlands Back of it they have ic former French Maginol line id Gennanvs west wall of pre 93 days The Germans are wellprepared j meet a frontal assault on this ne both in the initial landing nd the extension of the beach ead inland They seem to feel less easy bout llic prospect that the allies ay choose some other route than he short and obvious one across he English channel to flank their Jaboratc main defenses The place ol the attack thus ooms as of much greater import mce to them than the timing iince complete surprise in the lat er respect is almost impossible under modern circumstances The new British embargo against dip omatic leaks nevertheless gives them still less chance of getting dvance warning of either The latest Stockholm report which says the Germans have mined a wide area off Jutland and the Danish coast appears sig nificant of this trend in German thought Germany has no fleet to meet move in that direction and her air force is being steadily whittled down so that allied operations are no longer confined to the nar row strip of the channel The in creased range of allied fighter planes also is an important fac tor The latter have shown that they can sweep in strength to Berlin and beyond which makes a vast difference in widening the area of potential invasion KNOX sometime knows when The discussion was prompte by the increasing regularity American bombing raids on is lands in the chain which extends from the Japanese mainland north to the Russian Kamachalka peninsula Among the bases which have been struck frequently there particularly in the last 5 days is Matsuwa less than 500 miles from the mainland of Japan Other bases frequently bombed from the air are Chimusu Paramushiro northernmost of the group and Oiickolan Knox discussing the war in the Pacific said that the develop ments have been confined to bombardment the Kuriles and continuing aerial assaults on en emy positions cut off from sup plies in the eastern Marshalls and the regular bombings of the enemy bases in the Caroline is land group including Truk and He said the Japanese evidently were trying their best to get some supplies into the isolated bases in the eastern part of the midPacific Marshalls but with out much success From 6 to 10 barges a day are being sunk as they attempt to run supplies into the bases the navy secretary said army ilions Chairman May D Ky an ounccd following an executive iceting that the committee hud ccidcd thai government nyencies uch as selective service and the manpower commission al eady had ample authority to re Liire physically disqualified men o move into essential jobs The committee acted after Kcp Costello D chairman of subcommittee that has been tudying draft policies asserted ronp had agreed that spe legislation was not necessary it this lime The Costello committee had pre viously recommended that the irmed services and selective scrv cc make plans to utilize the services of all 4Fs able to work Legislation to force 4F holders of nonessential jobs into army labor battalions had been under consideration by the Costello i group Selective service officials estimated there ure about 3000 000 men classified as 4F re jected for military service because of disabilities Many of these May said are now in essential work md many others are willing to take war important jobs when they find them Committee members pointed out that under existing authorilv selective service may call up 4F for reexamination and induct for limited service any who might decline lo take war or essential civilian jobs The action of the committee resulted in sidetracking at least for the present the bill of Rep Luce R Conn to establish spe cial work corps composed of 4F nonfathers 2 Big Red Armies Converge for Assault on Sevastopol SAYS WORK OF LEAGUE SHOULD NOT BE LOST Churchill States United Nations Exchanging Postwar Opinions London Minister Churchill speaking in answer to several questions concerning cur I rent and recent conferences to ward postwar agreements told the liouse 111O11S that foody of com the of work achieved by league of lions ought nol the na Near Vital Railway By RICHARD C Associated Press War Editor Tokyo claimed Japans offensive into India has carried within I1 miles of the vital BengalAssam railroad but there wasnt n word of confirmation from allied sources Instead Adin Lord L o u i s Mounlbattens headquarters re ported successes in the allies own offensive into Burma told of Japanese defeats along the north ern Burma supply system and generally indicated there was nothing lo dim the confidence sur rounding the defense of India and the important railroad The Tokyo radio claim pul Nip ponese troops miles southeast of Dimapur a junction of the key FRENZIED NAZIS BARRICADED IN CITYS STREETS Russians Report No Large Scale Evacuation Is Made by Germans Draftees Make Good Sailors Jacobs Says Los Ancelcs make as good sailors as volunteers Vice Adm Randall Jacobs chief of the bureau of naviii personnel said Tuesday Nonvolunteer navy Inductees have proved themselves just as good as the men who sought the here spection tour boys prove lliey can sorb the shortened boottraining condensed from a 12 week to a fa or 8 week course Jacobs re ported Visual education am course simplification have steppec up indoctrination to keep up with the fleet be lost in the postwar inter national peace setup I think if the league of na tions had been properly backed CHUKCIIILL Up it would have been he said adding Preliminary exchanges of opin ion on postwar questions are con stantly taking place between var ous members of Ihe 34 united lations but 1 can not hold out the xpcctation that any agreed state neiit on the subject will be made n the near Capt Frederick John Bellenger isked the prime minister whether lie plans for organizing and main aining peace which U S Sccre ary of Stale Hull mentioned re cently conflicted with Ihc cove nant ot the league of nations 1 thought as a great many peo ple did that Air Hulls speech was most helpful ChurchiH replied The prime minister said these matters would be decided only at Iheend of thenvar butreiter ated his comment of morevihan ab year ago that so far as Ihe British Horse Runs Away and Falls on Carriage in Which Baby Girl Slept London Radio Tells French That Time Is Getting Short LONDON time i short the French pcop were warned Tuesday in Ih latest of a stream of prcinvasio broadcasts from the government controlled London radio They were advised lo store much food as possible because a least until the day of libcratio conies civilians must live what is stored Even after France is liberate he allies will not c in a posi tion o distribute much food listeners were told The French were instructed to memorize de tails of London broadcasts for fear their wireless sets miffht soon be confiscated by the Germans i Invasion Is Launched bv immuring foreign diplomats in t the British isles will secrecy Ilutsvilc Ala MFHunts invasion apprehensions villc churches will offer spiritual support for the allied invasion of Europe as soon as it happens A plan indorsed by city and church leaders calls for a 3 minute sus pension of traffic at a whistle blast signifying the official an nouncement of the invasion with New York UR Tony kicked over the I races in Brooklyn Tvlon day and clidirt stop kicking until 9 women had fainted 15 cops rushed to the scene a junk wagon was wrecked and an 11 month old baby was trapped in her carriage Tony The horse started his clash when frightened by a streetcar His driver Dimitri Krot sawed on the reins but Tony took the bit in his teeth He stopped when he tripped over a curb and fell on the car riage where Baby Amy Ullman was sleeping Volunteers and police finally lifted the horse off Amy who was crying loudly more frightened than hurt Weather Report FORECAST Iowa Decreasing cloudiness and slightly colder with frost and lowest temperature slightly be low freezing Tuesday night Wednesday partly cloudy and warmer Minnesota Partly cloudy with no decided change in temperature Tuesday night and Wednesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday Minimum Monday night At B a m Tuesday 52 view is conceriTed the great body work achieved by the league nations and embodied in it ought not be lost1 Asked about the recent London BritishAmerican talks on postwar civil air transport Churchill said the meetings were purely inform al and exploratory They were held for the primary purpose of exchange of views on the desirability of holding an in ternational conference and the form of cooperation which each country xvould advocate on such un occasion he said am sad to say that sufficient agreement was reached for both countries to support Ihe holding of a conference in expectation thai final decisions liien can be readied Concessions were made both by Ihe United Kingdom and the United States and they re lated only to a basis on which dis cussions can be launched at an in ternational conference He expressed hopethis confer ence would be held tliis year BengalAssam railroad over which flow supplies for allied troops under Lt Gen Joseph Stilwcll trvinsr to blast a shortcut land route from Lcdo India lo Chi nese bases Tokyo said this great advance which means the railroad may be blocked soon was made possible by the capture of Kohima allied base 35 miles south of Dimapur on April G and the subsequent re lease of troops there Mountbatten has never reported the fall of Ko hima has communiquccl all at Uicks on the base have been re pulsed and said counterattacks have cleared the enemy from sev eral roadstraddling positions nea Kohima Associated Press War Corre spondent Thoburn Wiant reported in a delayed dispatch that offi cial allied quarters estimate at east one Japanese division has been withdrawn from eastern Burma to combat allied forces preying on supply routes in north ern Burma feeding the enemys Indian drive IheBwethodical aic campaign to blast the Japanese out of each defensive outpost in the south west Pacific continues llollandia Dutch Nexv Guinea caught the latest heavy attack reported in allied communiques but signifi cantly Gen Douglas MatArthur declined to tell the Japanese just how many tons of bombs pounded the base except to say it was more than 200 tons and a heavy blow Australian ground troops pushed 2 miles beyond captured Bogad jim towards the onceimportant enemy base of Madang New Guinea but met no opposition Planes from the southwest and central Pacific teamed up for n onetwo punch landed on Truks defenses in the Carolines Moscow A1 Two big Fuissiart armies were reported nearing a juncture in the outskirts of Sev astopol Tuesday for a final on slaught against a frenzied axis garrison barricaded in the stieets after failing to effect u large cale evacuation from the burn g city The Vichy nicliu quoting a German report said The battle or Sevastopol now cam nencetl with very heavy fight ng taking place in the fortified region of the town Front dispatches said that Gen Andrei I Vercmcnkos indepen dent maritime army was moving downhill on the cily from the southeast after cracking a 2200 foot mountain position known as Bairtar Gale in a drive thai Mon day swept up n road junction 12 miles from Sevastopol and S miles from scene of Ihc famed Cliarec of the Light YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation Buy War Savines Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier hoy U S SUBS SINK 15 JAP SHIPS Washington Destruction of 15 more Japanese vessels by farranging American submarines was reported Tuesday by the navy This force moving through dense minefields was expected to link up at any hour with Gen Fcoclor f Tolbukhins 4th Ukraine irmy already filtering through Sevastopols barricades from the lorth the dispatches said The Vichy broadcast asserted that the GermanRomanian with drawal toward the southwest of the Crimean peninsula was be ing effected in perfect order and in complete accordance with Ger man plans Generals Tolbukhiii and Yeremcnko have not succeed ed in spite of their efforts and numerical inen veloping the German retreating formal ions and culling them off from thj rear as they had hoped lo All rcimrls from Hie front in dicalcd that tile German command has not hccn able lo accomplish a Dunkirk scale evacuation al though in the few days the trapped axis troops tried to tret out of he battered port on any tind of craft they could find hrowinp caution to the wind as cannonading Russian suns echoed over the city ami bombers raked Llic docks The dispatches estimated that thousands of Germans and Ro manians were still stranded on the docks of Sevastopol while others fighting a determined rear uard action in the suburbs were pouring machincgim fire nn red army engineers clearing barbed wire and stone barricades as well is fcllcci trees and deep mined trenches barring the way into the city proper Inside the city the axis troops were said to have thrown everything they could find into the streets Meanwhile the red airforces heavy blows at the Romanian Danubian port of Galati Sunday Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Huntsville Churches Plan for Prayer When German appear lo ue centering on the possibility that the military I idiots Hitlers phrase of the raidi allied command may circumvent plane their lone and laborious defense ARRAIGNED FOR MURDER Waverly Prestien Tripoli Iowa was arraigned bc for Judge M H Kepler in dis trict court Monday on a charge of murder in connection with the death ot his 4yearold step daughter Joanne Pipho March 18 May 1 was set as the date for entering a plea preparations by strikinR unexpec tedly at some vulnerable spol or spots on the long European coast line That impression is given by perusal of their recent radio out givings and the inevitable stream of reports from Stockholm and other neutral capitals The Germans have boasted loudly of their impregnable coastal defenses which they claim extend all the way from the Bay of Biscay to northern Norway That of course is scare propa all churches lo hold prayer serv ices at oclock on the evening of Dday ONLY 6 OF 631 LOST Chicago i n c c October 1942 when he went to north Africa Lt Col L M Dangrc mond has sent 631 letters to his family here Six were lost when 3 ships were sunk in Casablancr harbor The others all numbered in order have been received The Home Front Production Line Unused or hoarded articles arc enemy aliens Maybe you do need not until after Ihe war Put it in service by adverlising it in the Classified Ads during NATIONAL WANT AD WEEK FROM APIJIL 17 TO 22 pa triotic folks throughout the nation will be helping each other help win the war 8 4 Insertions for the price of Insertions for the price of 6 3 Remember GlobeGazette Want Ads Bring Results Phone 3800 LAST HOURS IN BATTLE FOR PORT OF SEVASTO liberation of the Crimea and the momen tary fall of Sevastopol the historic naval base for which the Germans battled 250 days in 1042 at a cost of 300000 casualties draws the attention of the world Red army troops soviet aircraft and ttie Russian Black sea fleut hammered relentlessly at enemy units trapped in Sevasto pol and at ships and barges aboard which the Germans sought to flee across the sea Radiophoto at the top shows red army men using antitank guns and rifles as they advance on the Crimean peninsula Below is a photo of Sevastopol harbor No li on map indicates Oviriopol also taken by reds ;