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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 17, 1947, Mason City, Iowa IF NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME ARCHIVE1 II Mints I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL L1TI Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Vila Five Cents Copy MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY APRIL 17 1947 This Paper Consists ot Two No 161 NEW EXPLOSIONS ROCK TEXAS CITY 400 Known Dead Believe 250 More Bodies in Wreckage 2nd Ship Blows Up With Nitrate HOUSE REFUSES TO PLACE BAN ON UNION SHOP Strike Curb Measure Nears Vote oh Passage Approval Is Expected Washington h e house stiffened restrictions on industry wide bargaining Thursday and again refused to outlaw the union shop as it maneuvered its strike curb bill toward a vote on passage Added to the measure was a provision that competing employ ers may not get together on col lective bargaining policy on such things as wages and hours The only exception is for those employing fewer than 100 people in plants less than 50 miles apart The bill already had similar limitations on unions Rep Kersten pro posed adding employers to bal ance the bill It was approved by a voice vote Rep Hoffman RMichl de feated Wednesday in an effort to ban the union shop got the same rebuff Thursday when he tried to amend a different section Hoffman said he offered his new amendment so the record may be absolutely clear on this funda mental issue and the people will know in the 1948 election cam paign how their representatives stood He lost on a voice put nobody on record by name But Chairman Hartley of the labor committee in com mand of the bill offered to bet a new hat that the house would ap prove it by late afternoon The senate may get down to action on its own softer measure next week An eventual compromise will have to be worked out The house bill got over 3 big humps Wednesday when the house refused to Outlaw the union shop which lets an employer hire anybody but requires new workers to join the union later Permit industrywide collective bargaining on a national scale Company wide dickering by unions would be permitted Lift a ban on employer dona tions to welfare and health funds controlled by unions Lowly Hot Dog Is Higher in Price Than Dressed Turkey St Louis you have Turkey or a hot dog Sir Well if you like is cheaper J W Stevens field secretary of the Individual Retail Grocers and Meat Dealers Association said Thursday that the situation was one of the freakish developments of the topsyturvy economic con dition Stevens here for a convention said dressed turkey is quoted at 39 cents a pound wieners 47 cents Information Can Be Obtained at Galveston Texas CityTexas ton and not Texas City is the correct place to seek information concerning relatives or friends in the stricken area Red Cross public relations chairman Dan Romine said Thursday Romine said that all inquiries should be sent to the Red Cross central inquiry service at Galves ton chapter house Truman Set to Close Up 3 War Agencies Washington Presiden Truman was reported readying an executive order Thursday to wipe out 3 major wartime emer gency agencies and transfer ren controls from OPA to the housing expediter Officials familiar with a tenta tive draft of the order said it wil complete liquidation of the office of price administration the ci vilian production administration the office of war mobilization and reconversion It also would put the skids under the office of temporary con trols the agency set up last De cember to start the liquidation process Budget bureau officials said the order may be issued Thursday or Friday Congress already had tabbec OTC and its subgroups for liqui dation by June 30 By issuing the executive order quickly the president could beat that dead line by weeks Also Mr Truman could put into effect ahead of a final congres sional vote one change favored by the senate banking committee This is a proposal to shift rcnl control activities from OFA to the office of Housing Expediter Frank R Creedon It further would have the effecl of eliminating OPA as such from debate over the rent control ex tension legislation However the house banking committee is debating a bill to repeal the Patman emergency housing act which is administered by Creedons office and put rent controls on a local basis The tentative oJ the order officials said directs these changes rent division along with most of its 6326 employes would be transferred to the ex pediter Functions of the enforce ment division would be shifted to the justice department The com merce department would take over OPAs records CPA agency will be slashed to 400 employes by Fri day These employes and admin stration of controls over rubber lard cordage fibers tin antimony cinchona and streptomycin would 36 shifted to the commerce de jartment Congress extended rub er controls until next March 31 the others until June 30 OWMR About 105 employes and the agencys functions also would go to commerce OWMR landles chiefly government pre mium payments on copper lead and zinc production from mar ginal mines OPAs controls over sugar lyrups and rice recently were ransferred to the agriculture de jartment by congressional edict These are all that are left of housands of wartime price curbs Report Monarch of Denmark Near Death Copenhagen Chris ian of Denmark was near death Thursday from complications fol owing a heart attack on Easter A bulletin Thursday morning igned by Dr V A Fenger said he 76yearold king spent a quiet night His general condition was described as unchanged His condi ion grew worse Wednesday Note Tells of Babys Safety in Texas City Texas City Texas were no windows in the childrens nursery at the corner of 6th St and 7th Ave Thursday But the note on the door said Baby okay has been taken to Bradys No one knew of course wheth er the babys parents were okay too SAME White flag means no traWo death In put 24 hoot Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy Thurs day night and Friday with scat tered light showers Thursday night and early Friday Some what warmer Thursday night with the low about 36 Iowa Partly cloudy Thursday night and Friday with scattered light showers extreme north portion Thursday night and ear ly Friday Somewhat warmer Thursday night Low Thursday night 35 to 40 High Friday near 60 Minnesota Partly cloudy north and cloudy south portion Thurs day night and Friday with oc casional light snow south por tion Thursday night Colder ex treme south portion Friday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Thursday morning Maximum so Minimum 31 At 8 a m Thursday 42 Precipitation Trace YEAR AGO Maximum 63 Minimum 43 PUSH RESCUE WORK AFTER picture Volunteer rescue workers lift a heavy timber out of the way as other workers right attempt to extract another victim of Wednesdays explosions from beneath railroad rails Lower dazed and battered rescue work AP Wirephotos ers limp back from the danger area along the Texas City Texas waterfront after assisting at the scene of the blasts Lower workers load these injured in trucks for transfer to nearby Galveston as first aid facil ities became overcrowded 2 IOWA WOMEN BURN TO DEATH Waterloo women were jurned to death shortly after Thursday morning when fire de stroyed their home near the west city limits The victims were Mrs Alta F lule 58 and her mother Mrs Jen nie Garlock 87 who was blind Fire Chief Ray Tiller said the jlaze apparently started under the bed Mrs Rules body was found prawled across the bed but her mother was found on the floor near the doorway and firemen heorized the blind woman had attempted to find her way outside Iowa Attorney Dies Des Moines C Mills 3 prominent Des Moines attorney vho had practiced here since 1900 died Wednesday at his home after an illness of a year A native of Xfewton Mills was apast imperial potentate of the Shrine of North America Explosion Sidelights By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Texas City Texas Flaming balls of hemp twine hurtling crazily through the air like fireworks helped spread fire through this explosionstunned city Wednesday LIP M Thomas of Denison Texas commander of the Hitchcock naval air station said the balls of hemp twine had been in the Grand Camp when it exploded The blazing balls were scattered over Texas City like confetti There was money everywhere a woman bank teller at the Texas City bank said Thursday in describing the first explosion She dived under a desk and was saved although the roof of the building caved in She was dug out of the ruins uninjured except for minor bruises and cuts The floor of the bank was littered with currency J V Parise said he entered one building and found a room crowded with dead women workers One was sitting upright at her desk one hand in a drawer as if she were reaching for something On the floor was 54000 in currency and hundreds of dollars in war bonds Death came to one teenage boy while he was riding his bicycle and he was found still sitting in the seat his hands on the handle bars His bicycle was propped up in a gully A 2000 pound steel beam hurtled through the air one full mile and landed on top of a car killing a man and a woman Lt Thomas said Kenneth Ward 29 Houston was on the pier Thursday as a volun teer worker when the High Flyer exploded He said he tripped and then the explosion must have happened He said the next thing he remembered was regaining conscious ness in the downtown area He didnt remember how he got there OFFER 3RD PLAN FOR VET BONUS Des Moines third pro posal to come before the house calling for payment of a bonus to Iowa veterans of World War II was recommended Thursday by passage by the ways and means committee The committee members said there was little opposition to the measure although it is generally similar to the first one which was recommended for indefinite post ponement by the military and vet erans affairs committee several weeks ago The latest proposal is for an bond issue to pay bonuses ranging from to The payments would be financed by a bond issued to be paid off by property taxes over a 20 year period Principal objection to the first bill was the property tax feature The 2nd measure proposed that be raised through ad See Pictures on Page 7 Texas City Texas Clarence Quinn medical coordinator appointed by Mayor J C Trahan Thursday es timated the dead at 650 as 3 new explosions rocked this Texas coast industrial city and spreading fires threatened oil storage tanks After conferring with the Red Cross Quinn said that 400 were known to be dead and that another 250 dead were be lieved to be in the debris along the waterfront He said that 3000 were injured At dawn a blanket of billowing black smoke covered the city the result of new oil fires caused by the newest explosions of the Liberty ship High Flyer Gov Beauford Jester issued a proclamation declaring a stale of emergency in Texas City Thursday even as reassured residents who had fled the city began returning to their Homes Meanwhile firefighters massed to smother flames in oil tanks which still threatened to ignite other tanks of high octane gas J H Hill deputy mayor appointed by Mayor J C Trahan to aid him in the emergency said water and light utilities were back in operation He said there was no further fear of water contamina tion At a m there were two violent explosions as the burning High Flyer loaded with nitrate blew up while four tugs tried to her away from her berth A secondary explosion occurred at a m but it was far from being as intense as the two earlier It appeared to come from one of the numerous oil tanks that dot the city Captain Volney J Shown of the Houston police department and di rector of rescue work said that 5 minutes before the High Flyer blew up he had ordered 400 res cue workers out of the dock area and that only 50 men were in the area at the time of the explosion The wind blowing from the north Wednesday night had sub sided and billowing smoke from burning oil at noon was rising in swirling columns straight above 2 Men Killed in Discharge of Dynamite Crystal J Pierce 50 road contractor and J C Mick 67 both of Britt were instantly killed at 10 a m Thursday in a premature explosion of dynamite while they were engaged in clear ing tree stumps from the new route for state highway 111 one block north of the old highway in Crystal Lake Residents of the town were not clear as to the cause of the acci dent but the men had set the dynamite charges which were to be discharged with electricity and in some manner the contact was made before they were able to reach safety The bodies were described as badly mangled Coroner Kenneth Boughton of Britt was called and the bodies were taken to Britt to be pre pared for burial Pierce was awarded the cc tract lor constructing culverts on the new highway which is to be blacktopped between Britt and Crystal Lake Mick was an expert on dynamite formerly having charge of all such work on county highways Both men were badly cut about the head a portion of Micks skull vas found 200 feet away About 60 sticks of dynamite were used in this charge connected ay a fuse from a truck 200 feet away Both men were blown from the point where they stood tothe water of a creek some 10 feet away Pierce leaves his wife and 6 children and children Mick a wife and 7 Funeral arrangements were in complete late Thursday Displaced Persons Demonstrate Munich marching col umn of about 1000 Jewish dis placed persons demonstrated in ront of the British consulate here Thursday in protest against the execution of Dov Gruner and 3 other undergrounders ditional sales and use taxes The attorney generals office ruled such a plan would be unconstitu ional because a bond issue must be guaranteed by direct or prop erty taxes Before the latest proposal which also has been introduced in the enate can become effective it must win the approval of this leg slature and the vote of the people n November general election of 948 Rescue Worker Tossed 70 Feet as 2nd Ship Blows Up at Texas Waterfront By JAMES FLINCHUM UP Staff Correspondent Texas City is a city if dead and stories of miraculous scapes Even United Press Staff Corre pondent Robert E Brown and I ad a narrow escape We left the vater front area only a few sec nds before the freighter High Iyer blew up Thursday morn ng killing Charles Kclley 25 f Houston and injuring 25 others n the area where we stood watch ng the waterfront fire We hurried back It was just like the last time aid Red Cross Worker Mrs Hal e Berg who also had escaped miraculously There were 50 Red Cross women near the scene Some of them were injured but none was killed A Red Cross executive I knew only as Mr Davis lost his eye said Mrs Berg I saw a man with his leg blown off Most of the ship blew out over the water but some of it landed on the dock William Bankhead 19 of Hous ton said he and his buddy James Nicholson had returned to the waterfront only 30 minutes be fore the High Flyer explosion After working alt day dragging dead and injured out of debris they had taken a little time off Bankhead said up and threw then returned to their volunteer work We were about 200 yards from the ship picked me about 10 feet James and I ran and crawled under a parked car and stayed there until junk stopped falling Some heroes of the early blasts didnt survive the later ones Father William A Roach of St Marys Catholic church here ignored warnings of workmen and went to the docksidc to adminis ter to the dying An explosion caught him He died in a Galves ton hospital Mayor J C Trahan was one of those with a narrow escape A city garage disintegrated around him Trahan who wears a purple heart for buzz bomb wounds suf fered in Belgium said No buzz bomb could ever compare with the damage that has been wreaked on Texas City It is such a terrific tragedy that the people have not been able to realize what hap pened to them The disaster area is sealed off by police and deputy sheriffs guarding the road No attempt was made to stop the oil fires They burned themselves out The digging out revolves around the stucco and brick city hall in the center of town where orders are issued and a first aid station has been set up A loudspeaker in front of the building blares More volunteers needed on the dock Will more workers return to the dock and help remove the bodies just located It is silent then it says We need 2 more doctors here Two more doctors please By order of the mayor no liquor has been sold since Wednesday morning B C Powell who operates the local Walgreen drug store closed his store and went home at dawn Thursday Im cleaned out down to the last bandaid he said he fires Earlier plans to use demolition equipment to halt the spread of fire were abandoned at noon Hill said We wont try it at this time We see no need for it Hill said the city would be sprayed with DDT by planes as a protective measure The city began to come back to life at noon So many automobiles entered the town that a traffic jam occurred down town Debris was being crated up and moved Plate glass was being swept up The citys 15000 residents had dwindled to about 1000 Thursday A R Duncan Houston policeman said Many made homeless have moved to a nearby army camp and to Galveston Houston and other towns The fear of chlorine gas Wed nesday night caused others to leave A false rumor spread that an official evacuation order had been issued and caused hundreds lo move The gas was still a threat Thursday and gas masks are worn The task of embalming the 223 Dodies at the improvised morgue in the school gymnasium completed early Thursday was But more bodies are still being found and moved to the gymnasium still decorated with wilted bunting from a recent school party Lines of dazed citizens stand outside waiting to enter a few at a time to dentify relatives Willis E Hamrnontree chief Boatswains mate Wednesday alone wrought 107 of the 223 bodies to he morgue in a 5ton navy truck Few cases of looting have been reported Highway patrolmen picked up a Negro Wednesday night They found in cash on him and took him into custody Officials were watching closely the progress of rescue workers who for the first time since shortly after Wednesday mornings explo sions penetrated the Monsanto Chemical company plant located n the immediate vicinity of the nitial explosion on the French vessel the Grand Camp Only a comparatively small number of the 800 employes of the company reportedly have been lo cated Collection station attendants ex pressed fear the chemical com any death toll might push fatal ties above the 1000 mark Only police military personnel and relief workers were permit ed to remain in the city Wednes day night An estimated 500 policemen 250 troops and 250 special deputies were patrolling streets Danger of chlrone was reported o be slight in that the only mown gases at the Monsanto ilant were styrcnc propane and butane Thousands of homeless residents vere taken out of the city by army rucks busses special trains and rivate cars to points as far away as Beaumont Port Arthur and Or ;