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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 17, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTHJOWAS DAILY PA PER EDlfED FOR THE HOME OEMRTHEHT OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVEt I A Associated Press and Unlled Press Full Leased VOL LI INSIDE WASHINGTON Rubber Imports Wont Be Normal for 2 Years Central Press Capital Staff Pcdro Vel loso Brazils amiable foreign minister told this story about his friend Eduardo Gomes now a candidate for the presidency of Brazil to succeed President Var gas Gomez as chief of police of Hio de Janeiro used to look a skance at a very handsome red whiteandblue marquee in front of the PanAmerican Airways building which adorned the busi ness section of the Brazilian capi As a patriotic Brazilian who liked to see more Brazilian color and commerce in Rio rather than foreign ostentation Gomez took offense at the attractive marquee which many Brazilians genuinely admired In fact he considered it an eye sore Velloso related Accordingly Gomez announced In the newspapers that he viewed the FanAmerican marquee as an invasion of Brazilian territory and would take official steps to oust the Americano penetration in his capacity as police chief But the Brazilian citizenry sim ply laughed off Gomez threat and expressed even greater admiration for the famed marquee Gomez retired in sheepish disorder Vel loso reported and has since pro fessed his personal Yankee enterprise regard for It looks as if the burden of the rubber program will be carried by synthetics for a long time to come Only a tiny fraction of the Pacific natural rubber producing area has been liberated from the Japs as island in the Philippines Even after Malaya and other big producing areas are freed it will be a couple of years before natural rubber imports will come up to synthetic production in this country Britain the Dutch and the United States have been working on the problem of resuming nat ural rubber imports to this coun try from these big producing re gions Meanwhile WPB reports that the amount of natural rub ber in the United States is now below the 100000 ton safety mark and may go lower A newtype of lobby has made its bow on Capitol Hill and some congressmen believe there is a connection between it and the CfOFolitical Action Committee The new group appeared forthe first time to fight for confirmation of HenryWallace in his new job as secretary of commerce and came back to press for confirma tion of Aubrey Williams as rural electrification administrator Many groups have appeared in the past to fight against a presi dents nomination But this is the first time say veteran senators that a group has waged a cam paign in behalf of a presidents choice Usually the administra tion is strong enough to do its own fighting for its nominees Congress has been battling un successfully for more than a year to eliminate a no mans land1 along the shores of the Potomac river situated between the Dis trict of Columbia and the state of Virginia Its a fantastic situation in the words of Alexander Holtzoff spe cial assistant to the Virginia at torney general The situation today is deplor able he told a congressional committee which is trying to set tle the boundary dispute between the federal government and Vir ginia No one knows what police should make an arrest who should prosecute or what court in which a case should he tried Included in the dispute is jur isdiction over the important Na tional airport part oC which is now in the District of Columbia and the rest in Virginia A bill under consideration would place the airport entirely within Virginia while retaining federal jurisdiction D C Com missioner Guy Mason favors this but at least one Karl Stefan R of Nebraska in sists the entire airport should be placed in Washington There the matter stands with NO early solution in sight Jury Deliberates ChaplinBarry Case Hollywood jury of 11 and one man begins de liberations Tuesday to determine whether Comedian Charlie Chap lin is the father of Joan Barrys IBmonthold daughter Carol Ann Superior Judge Clarence L Kin caid read 38 instructions on points of law before sending the jury from the courtroom Charles E Millikan attorney for the aging actor cautioned the jury not to feel that sin in Holly wood is going to be ended if you find that she Carol Ann is Chap lins child The babys attorney busTy browed Joseph Scott compared redhaired Miss Barry with Mary Magdalene and shouted that the repercussions of this case will be heard around the world Miss Barrys first paternity suit against Chaplin ended in a mis tnal last January with a jury di vided 75 in Chaplins favor Buy your War BojTds and stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Paper Consists ol Two Section One NO 163 JATJACK COUNTERATTACK SAY RUSSIANS ONLY 17 MILES FROM BERLIN Southern Battle Becomes Major Offensive Aimed at Inking With Allies London BULLETIN Russian heads have cut the SeelowAU Friedland road less than ZO miles from Berlin and penetrated the deeplystaggered defenses beyond a German broadcast declared Tuesday Ixmdon armies per haps 2000000 strong tore new holes in the eastern defenses of Berlin along a 150mile front Tuesday and one column was re ported only 17 miles from the nazi capital While armored forces foughl near Eberswalde 17 miles north east of Berlin 2 more tanksup ported soviet divisions plunged through the nazi line east of Let schin 26 miles to the southeast and 30 miles from the capital the Germans said Another German broadcast said the soviet attack at the southern end of the new assault front had assumed the character of a largescale offensive in itself ap parently aimed at linking up with the American 3rd miles to the west army 80odd and wiped said A Paris Soviet paratroops dropped even closer to Berlin but were encircled out nazi broadcasts report said the red army already had linked up with the Americans in the Elbe valley southeast of Dresden but latest official dispatches placed the so viets nearly 50 miles and the Americans 40 miles from the pur ported junction point Berlin said Premier Marshal Stalin had thrown 3 infantry 5 tank and 2 air armies into the last great push from the east now in its 2nd day Nazi broadcasts listed penetra tion after penetration in the Ger man line all the way from Schwedt 45 miles northeast of Berlin to Musbau nearly 75 miles southeast despite Adolf Hitlers order to hold fast and drown the offensive in a sea of blood The soviet high command as was its custom remained silent on the offensive but Soviet His torian Eugene Tarle said In a talk over the Moscow radio that the tack on Berlin had begun from the east and west Berlin said the Russians made their deepest penetration in the Eberswalde area 17 miles north cast of Berlin and 13 miles be yond the big bend in the Oder river Soviet amphibious tanks rushed across swamps and canals on a Smile front as far as Eberswalde and Bad Freinenwalde where they were meeting stiff resistance from German assault guns the nazis said Eberswalde lies only from the Stettin Berlin miles super highway and 76 miles northeast of American 9th army spearheads in the Stendal area Due east of Berlin other soviet forces merged their bridgeheads across the Oder river on a 30 mile front between Kienitz 3Z miles east of Berlin and Lebus 5 miles north of Frankfurt then drove within 27 miles of the capital The strategic Seelow hills also 27 miles cast of Berlin and 11 miles southwest ot Kuestrin like wise fell to the advancing Soviets German broadcasts admitted The Russians breached the Ger man line on each side of Frank furt 33 miles east southeast of Berlin another nazi dispatch said though it claimed these penetra tions were not operationally im portant Still another breach was torn in the German line at Fuersten berg 14 miles southeast of Frank furt the Germans said The Russians also were said to have driven across the Neisse river a tributary of the Oder be tween Forst BO miles southeast of Berlin and Mtiskau 15 miles farther south with strong infan try forces Chinese Recapture Towns on Han Ri in Hupeh Province iver the Han river in Hupeh province communique said Chungking UR Chinese troops recaptured Siangyang and Chichung on northwestern Monday a Tuesday The final assault on Siangyang 30 miles southeast of the former U S air base site at Laohokow began Sunday when the Chinese broke in the west gate Yanks Raid 6 Airfields on Kyushu Guam A large force of American Superfortresses blasted 6 airfields throughout Kyushu Tuesday in an attempt to knock out the staging bases for Japanese aerial attacks on U S forces around Okinawa In hittine Kyushu southernmost of the enemy home islands the B 29s sent the rapidly mounting aerial offensive against Japan into the 6th straight day Splitting into 6 groups the Mari anasbased Superfortresses plast ered a half dozen airfields in northern and southern Kyushu with demolition bombs rather than incendiaries which were heaped Tokyo twice in the last 72 hours The targets were the airfields at Kanoya East Kanoya Izumi Ko kubu and Nittaoahara all in south ern Kyushu and Tachiarai in the northwestern section of the island Kanoya airfield also was bit Monday by P51 Mustangs of the 7th fighter command from newly won bases on Iwo island Tachiarai was bombed twice previously by B29s during Hie past month and East Kanoya was raided only 10 days ago All the airfields were known to have held planes which have been hitting at the U S sea land and air forces in the Okinawa are some of them in suicide attacks The raid which was earned out at about p m Tuesday was the 3rd in 72 hours levelled against the Japanese homeland by the huge bombers Tokyo reported that mately 80 Superfortresses took part m the hour and a half raid concentrated on Kyushus airfields Ine heavy blow came as Ameri can infantrymen were cleaning un tiny le island 3 miles west of Okinawa where they landed Mon day and seized another base for the the increasing aerial paign Maj Gen Curtis E LeMays big Superfortresses took over the miral area approxi T carrier and landbased fighters ffomKvo lashed the island for 5 days The campaign against Kyushu spearheaded the continuous blaz ing aerial battles along a 360mile front extending southward through tne Kyukyus to Okinawa where the main conflict was de K flerc rather than a ground campaign Except for the invasion of Ie and the seizure of its airdrome with 3 valuable flying strips 2 of which are 5000 feet long ground positions on Okinawa have changed little in the past week But in air battles and the at tacks on the enemys flying bases m the northern Ryukyusand Ky ushu have continued at a furious pitch From last Thursday through Monday American air ground and naval forces destroyed or damaged at least 428 Japanese planes and the Superfortresses in Tuesdays raid may considerably lucre have added Those results brought the tol of Japanese planes in the past month to 2626 destroyed or damaged or a rate of approximately 9t a day Admiral Kimitz disclosed that carrierplanes from Vice Admiral Marc A Miischers fast task force raided the northern Ryukyus and southern Kyushu from Thursday through Sunday while Mustang fighters from Iwo hit the Japa nese homeland Mondav The carrier planes shot down 29 Japanese aircraft destroyed 58 on the ground and damaged 60 more at Kyushus Kanoya and Kushiras airfields But the fields were almost empty when the Mustangs arrived on Monday SWEDEN CLAIMS GERMAN MUTINY London dis patches Tuesday carried the first authentic reports of mutiny in the German World navy whose revolt in war 1 led to the reichs capitulation The mutiny apparently was on comparatively small scale for the moment but observers be lieved it may spread as allied armies move to cut off the Baltic coast from the rest of the coun try The Stockholm newspaper Dag ens Nyheter said 12 German sail ors arrived at the Swedish port of Stroemstad on the Kattegat aboard a naval patrol vessel nnd surren dered for internment The sailors told Swedish au thorities they had overwhelmed vheir 2 officers locked them up and fled from a Norwegian har bor Dagetis Nyheter said The Swedish telegraph agency said another German naval ves seK a minesweeper had arrived at a Swedish south coast harbor and its crew of 17 also asked to be in terned ALLIED PILOTS DESTROY 1116 GERMANPLANES Yank Bombers Rip Dresden Slovakia Frontier in Raids London 1000 American heavy bombers npped German railways at Dres den and along the Czechoslovakia frontier to the south Tuesday while the destruction of the luft waffe was continued by fighter pilots who knocked out a total of 1116 planes Monday Revised total showed that dur ing the first 16 days of April 3699 German planes were de stroyed of which 485 were shot down m air combat Allied losses period totaled 485 for the same planes Enemy plane losses represent about half of the estimated re serve strength of the German air force at the time of the Rhine crossing Air force officials worked all night checking and rechecking the record smashing claims turned in by fighter 727 by pilots of the U S 8th air force All claims were verified by combat films Cameras on fighter planes are synchronized to the guns The luftwaffe has been knocked out said one highly placed offi cial who cannot be identified by name Months of relentless bombing of German oil plants had had their effect The German air force had ample planes in reserve prob ably but at the crucial mo ment there was no fuel to get them into the air There was no letup in the heavy bombing campaign which Gen Carl A Spaatz commander of the U S strategic air forces in Eur ope declared Monday night had switch lytactical job in support of the ground forces As he was issuing an order of the day to American airmen say ing that the strategic air war had been won British heavy bombers were winging to Czechoslovakia and southern Germany where they attacked German rail bottlenecks indirect support of the American third and seventh armies One British force made a 1400 mile round trip from England and attacked freight yards at Pilsen Another hit Schwandorf on one of the main lines from Munich to the Danube and the Austrian frontier The east and west fronts now fenses on both sides The at Pilsen where several are so close together in this area that blocking of rail lines there will severely hamper German de yards lines meet carry arms from the Skoda works direct to both fronts During the night RAF Mos quifos bombed Berlin dropping a number of 2000 pounders and also Munich where headquarters for the defense of southern Ger many has been reported tempor arily centered A British air ministry commun ique said five aircraft failed to re turn from the night operations U S 8tli aiv force fighters set the pace in Mondays freeforall luftwaffe hunt with at least 644 enemy planes reported destroyed on the ground and three more shot down in combat Most of the planes were chopped up on air fields in the Munich and Regens burg areas of southern Germany Czecho and around Prague Slovakia Capt Robert H Ammon of Reading Pa set an individual scoring record by destroying 11 on the ground The 8th force announced that eight heavy bombers and 34 fighl rs weremissing from Mondays operations carried out by nearly 2100 planes In what a field correspondent called the first tactical joining of the east and west air fronts American and Russian fighter planes met and exchanged greet ings Monday over the central Ger man battle zone Illinois Extradites 3 Minnesota Criminals Springfield in tion of 3 Chicago men wanted in Minnesota on swindling and grand larceny charges was approved Tuesday by Illinois Governor Dwight Green They are Harry Lennon 50 now in New York under a federal in diciment and Thomas P Mul vaney 8G and Donald D Dunklee 46 who are free on bond in Chi cago The trio is charged with mas querading as oil well owners to swindle Thomas De Ruyler a Willmcr Minn contractor of 162 TRUMAN APPLAUDED AFTER Truman Hdldslsit Press Conference as President Will Be Glad to Meet Allies By JACK BELL Washington Truman told a news conference Tues day he will be very happy to meet the heads of the other bis 5 allied powers as soon as possible iu InLhis first newsmen since he succeeded Franklin D Roosevelt Mr Truman said that lie had not initiated toward a new meeting of the allied leaders But in response to a he said he would be very happy any move to meet Prime Minister Churchill Premier Stalin and President Chiang KaiShek of China soon Mr Truman added that he also would be glad to sec General Charles DC Gauile provisional president of France if Uc Gaulle cared to arrange a conference with him DC Gaulle did not see President Roosevelt on the lat ters return from the Yalta Big J conference Before a record breaking crowd of newsmen who jammed the oval room and overflowed on to a nearby patio the new president outlined briefly his major foreign and domestic policies On the foreign front he said He is bucking to the hilt the American delegation to ihe San Francisco united nations confer ence He does not expect to attend sUiff aii s to said the he pouring of affection received af ter her husbands death Surrounded by his aides who included Fleet Admiral William D Leahy chief of s president Mr Trumd wished to mnke bis position clear on some important subjects He plunged at once into a dis cussion of the Brctton Woods in ternational monetary agreements which he said he would have sup ported if he had stayed in the sen ate The president said he would have helped all he could as vice president to get this legislation through the senate He was for it all the way Mr Trumnn said t smile When the conference but welcome to the San delegates to the opening session by radio He expects to see Foreign Com missar Molofov ot Russia before the latter goes on Francisco meeting On the domestic front he said He supports wholeheartedly President Roosevelts program of international monetary agree ments as included in the Bretton Woods pact He has always been for he reciprocal trade agreements pro gram and backs it ns it was sub mitted recently to congress He intends to let the curfew and brownout stand at least un til VE day He does not plan to lift the ban on horse racing With 317 newsmen and women packed tiphtljaround his desk Mr Truman made his announce ments and answered questions ivhilc standing Dressed in a dark blue suit blue lie the president began by read ing the rules under which his news conferences will operate They were substantially the same as those under which Mr Roose velt worked The rule is that the pres dent may not be quoted directly without his expressed permission or when his statements are in writing Then the president read a letter rom Mrs Roosevelt askinr him o express for the Roosevelt farn ly their appreciation for the out o reporter asked whether his in dorsement includes the interna lionol bank fund which is under fire by some republicans in con president replied he was for the whole program Asked about legislation to ex tend the reciprocal agreement Drogram Mr Truman said he liad always been for that program His votes in congress he added would show that The president declined however to express an an opinion on repeal of the Johnson act which bans loans by private American citizens to defaulting foreign governments Questioned specifically about public power projects Jlr Tru man replied that he favored such proposals where the necessary was sliown In this connection the president indorsed a pending proposition in congress for establishment of a Missouri valley authority He ad vised a reporter to read a speech he made in New Orleans on the subject He did not comment when asked about the St Law rence waterway project When asked about proposalsfor a fair employment practices com mission poli taxes and other ques tions of special interest to Negroes Mr Truman replied that all re porters needed to do to find out his views was to read the senate record of Harry S Truman SANDERS RESIGNS Moline III Charles L Sanders information executive for the quadcities district office of price administration has an nounced his resignation from the state university of Iowa acuity He has been on leave from the school of journalism there since June 1 1943 Troops Piish Closer to Bologna Rome 5th armv troops smashed within 8 miles of Bologna Tuesday and long ranne artillery began shelling the out skirls of the transport hub and keystone base ot the German de fense line across Italy The U S 5th and British 8th armies had forced an assault arc almost half way around Bologna They were closing in from the southwest nnd northeast and all intermediate sectors Fifth irmy forces captured sev eral peaks dominating roads into Bologna in a bitter battle south and southwest on the threatened city A front dispatch said big guns were wheeled into position and began lobbing shells into the out skirts of Bologna German anti aircraft batteries were the main targets of the artillerymen A number were knocked out Other tactical targets near the city were bombarded but no shells fired into the city itself Troops of he Ith armys 3RD CAPTURES SAXONY RAIL HUB OF PLAUEN 30000 Nazi Troops Resist Yank Attacks on Encircled Leipzig BULLETINS Faris 69th division of the U S 1st army fought Tues day into the eastern suburbs of Leipzig miles from the heart of the city where a scrapedup German force of 30000 men had attempted a Stalingradlike stand behind a formidable ring of anti aircraft guns Third Army German commander of Chemnitz rejected an ultimatum to surrender Tues day The 90th and 2Gth infantry di visions advanced on a 15 mile front along the Czechoslovak bor der and the 90fh division reached a point only miles from the frontier V S 9th Army on the Elbe Germany Reports from the Ruhr pocket saifl Tuesday that Field marshal Walthcr von Mode commander of the annihilated German 5th panzer and loth armies had committed suicide Paris jpt TjlE Germans launched a heavy attack Tuesday on the 9th armys Elbe bridgehead pointing towards Berlin but the Americans beat off the attack without losing ground To the south the 3rd army cap tured the biff Saxony rail center of Plauen in effect bisecting Ger many and beat down the last 6 miles to the Czechoslovak border More than half of Germany was conquered 101000 square mles under alliedand Russian banners add 84000 square miles remaining ito the Germans The IstTarmy cracked tenses of Leipzig and fought with in sight of the city and also linked with the army at Bern burg 12 miles southeast of Barby where the Elbe bridgehead is be ing strengthened British armor drove to within 30 miles of Hamburg and 15 of the lower Elbe against resistance deteriorating so rapidly that a quick breakthrough to the river on a broad front can soon be ex pecteii A P Correspondent Rob ert ttilson reported The British also besieged Bremen T16 Germans attacked Lt Gen ilham H Simpsons 5mile deep tlbeBndgehead in the Barby tor wit 52 miles southwest of Berlin h 2000 infantrymen nnd 30 tanks The 2nd armored and 33rd infantry divisions beat back the drawn from Berlin and the eastern front inflicting se nous losses and destroyin of the tanks In the center 15 to daision captured Mount Mosca 12 miles southwest of Bologna and the hamlet of Toc 17 south west of the city The Germans of the western front first army troops crashed through a crumpled belt of 1000 levelled antiaircraft Kuns to with in of the ruined towers of Leinzie Germanys fifth city German military metal cases and uniformed nazi women auxiliaries were Simons the captured Runners 10th Tllc first army knocked out 324 counterattacked 10 times at Mos than five miles west of Lei Ca bill WPln rmMtlior Ttl Oil ca but were repulsed Other units took Ml Abcllc H southwest of Bologna after heavy fighting The division made the closest approach to Bologna in a fierce battle near Gorgnano northeast of Bclmonte and about 8 miles south of Bologna flak suns bringing the lolal for four days 10 1X2 The Indian head 2nd division cleared Ranstadt a suburb less proper The 9th armored division wheeled in a giant circle around Hie city into Borsdorf less than four miles to the east The division completed clamp on the city r J Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GIobcGazcttc carrier boy 69th threeway moving to within heavy mortar range of its southern limils Some 4437 pris oners were seized from the Leip zig garrison Jlonday The nazis had turned the city into one of their main military supply depots First army officers said some of the defending troops were jibhcrins imbeciles and screaming maniacs Some wore uniforms some civilian clothes Some of the sullen at the liefensc puns were killed as they fired on American troops After cracking the chief Leipzig defense bell the 1st army infantry was reported meeting only neg ligible small arms fire The doughboys moved in to cn the bombshattered city temperatures in northwest and vvnelc a million civilians arc re north central portions ported in cellars hungry and j frightened The 7th armys Thunderbird Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and rather cool Tuesday night and Wednesday Scattered frost Wednesday morning w i t h temperature about 28 at Mason City Iowa Fair and cool Tuesday and Wednesday Scattered f r u s t Tuesday night with recrins Minnesota Fair and cold with hard frosts and freezing tem peratures south portion Dim inishing winds Wednesday fair and continued cool IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Monday 58 Minimum Monday 32 At 8 a m Tuesday 35 Precipitation 16 inches YEAR AGO Maximum 47 Minimum 23 45th division fought in the 2nd largest Bavarian city of Nuern berg and other troops captured picturesque Rothenburg more than a third destroyed by bombs the day before Easter The 200000th prisoner was taken from the Ruhr pocket The eastern segment of the severed trap was wiped out Monday and the western remnant was being closed rapidly The largest prob lem was the removal of prisoners including 4 generals taken Mon day ;