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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 17, 1944, Mason City, Iowa c v v P DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVE NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS VOL Associated Press and UclUed Press Full Leased Wires Five Conbj a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY APRIL 17 1944 This Paper Consists ot Two Section One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KOIO llisou Cily Sunday f m K11MU Hannibal Tuesday p in KSCJ Sioux City Weiliietilay VIIO p m WSLI Jinn Cily Thursday l m W01 Ames Friday m American Democracy Versus Britains AS I was driving along the other clay in company with some good friends one of them observed thai he thought we might fare better in the contemporary world situation If we had a government like that of Britain The observa tion was prompted by the fact that whereas Britain and Russia are making hoy in the field of world diplomacy the United States is having to sit back inactive for the reason that nobody can speak with authority with respect lo fu ture commitments That condition DOES exist About that there can be no fair question Its election year We doiri caivt is going to be president We dont cant the political complexion of the con gross is going to be We may have a president with one foreign policy and a congress of another We did have exactly that 25 years ago All of this is known not only lo us but to the other nations of the world Diplomats with whom we ilcal remember finite vividly Ihc chasm between Woodrow Wilsor and the senate They rcinembci distinctly how all the Wllsoniai dreams of a league of nations were knocked into a cocked hat by obstreperous senate or more cor BELGRADE AND SOFIA BUSTED BY S FLYERS Raids Continue Series of Assaults on Rail Centers in Balkans Naples S heavy bomb ers hit Sofia and Belgrade Mon day Railroad yards in bolh Balkan capitals were the targets of the strong fortes of fortresses und liberators a headquarters an nouncement said In addition air raft components factories neai Belgrade were hit The attack on Belgrade was the irst assault of the war by allied bombers on tile Yugoslav capital Iself although nearby airdromes itul an aircraft factory were at acked Sunday by liberators and orircsscs First reports from returning flyers said some enemy planes were encountered and several de stroyed in the blows against the 2 capitals A 3rd Balkan capital Budapest j ill Hungary was attacked Sunday night by Italybased air forces after tfaylighl attacks Sunday against the Romanian rail centers oC Brasov and TurnuSevcrin Brasov an industrial city also known as Kronstadt is 50 miles north of the Komuiiiaii oil center IMoesti and only 100 miles from the red army front in the nearest American bombers have yet tome to the Russian lines Brasov lies on Ihe northern slope of the Transylvanian Alps athwart the rail line used by the Sevastopol in Blazing Chaos as Reds Smash Into Suburbs NEW ROCKET GUN IN rockets have just been fired from this new British gun which has been secretly developed and only now made public It has been in action with good results against planes in their recent raids on Knglish cities Note the tremendous backwash ot flame made by the rockets which are fired electrically ami climb into the sky with a great rushing noise rcctly by 37 members of an obj Germans to supply their troops iold Justice Edward C Either he slreperous senate Under these conditions It isnt any wonder that the foreign af jairs secretaries of the other na tions have a tendency to look at those who essay to speak for the United States and inquire who THATS the problem briefly 30 Accused of Conspiracy as Biggest Sedition Trial Opens Smythe Is Missing Washington biggest sedition trial of this war began Monday on a note of invstery when Edward lames Smythe of Novj York one of the 3ft defendants failed to appear and his said he knew nothing of whereabouts Dudley Pcllev Noblesvillc Ind Ger Yorlc Gor TRY SOLDIER FOR i AIDING GERMANS Accused of Helping 2 Prisoners to Escape Attorney lames J Laughlin leader of the silver shirts hard Wilhclm Kunzc New City national leader of the manAmerican Bund George E Deathcrage St Albans W Va rounder of the Kinglets of the White Camelia Joseph E McWil liams New York and Chicagowho organized the Christian Mobilizers and George Sylvester Viereck stated Is a solution possible in the democratic pattern We know of course that the problem is automatically solved under a dic Jatorship like that In Russia Joe Stalin doesnt need lo consult any body to speak the voice of Russia in either domestic or foreign af fairs All he needs to worry about is keeping himself dictator But Americans doivt want lo move in that direction They arent ready to concede that Ihcrc is anything either better stronger in totalitarianism than in democracy Thats why theres a willingness to take an objective disinterested look at the British pattern of democracy with the luestjon What have they got that we dont have All right lets take that look and sec what oomcs of it FIRST of all we note lhat the by British I mean the people of England Scotland Wales and North a parliament which rather closely parallels our congress They have n king whom we often think of as corresponding to the president in our American form of government The parallel between king and president is not as clearcut how ever as between parliament and congress Both countries have their independent judiciary Government as it exists ir Britain today is the product of transition and evolution Once al power resided in the king Not until 1295 was there an assembly comparable with the modern par liament Since lhat time lawmak ing power has rested In the king the lords and the commons In the lonsr course of transitioi to the present parliament a com plctc reversal of the relative im portance of these constituents ha taken place with the house o commons counting for most am the monarch counting for least iN Ihc beginning the king the source legislative enact incnls At his wish and conven ience however be was advised by his lords By slow and tedious process commoners were admitted to a share in the councils of state Not until the reign of Edward III was parliament formally divided into 2 houses commons and lords In the long struggle for greater power in the house of commons Ihe famed bill of rights adopted in 1689 was an Important mile stone In the end the house be came transccndant The house of i lords continued but assumed a more or less perfunctory role hav ing mostly to do with judicial matters and the king was shorn of all power lo interfere in legis lation The saying Our kin reigns but docs not rule is more truth than poetry BRITAINS house of lords as now constituted consists of some thing more than 700 members mostly drawn from England but 3 few from Scotland Wales and Ireland The king still holds the right lo creale new peers at his own pleasure Since 1911 the house of lords has been without power lo do more than delay the effective date of legislation adopted by the lower house Any measure passed in 3 successive sessions of the house of Tarn to Page Z fighting in northern Romania i had difficulty in communication Photographs taken during the i with Smythe because his ad attack showed between 75 and 100 is just a box number in bomb bursts on the northern sid New York and that the last word ings in the yards Lines to the wesi he heard from his client was tiyu were cut in several places it was he expected lo be here for the Says said and the rail station the trial on April Monday i warehouse area the locomotive I hurt some information Satur 1 depot and oil refinery were hit A I day that he hart been picked up iearby airdrome also was given u by the F1H last Fridayhe artdcd j year sentence lor vie few bombs and a number of hits and t think Mr UORKC might were observed on the Schicl metal know something about that works j But Q johll Rogge govcrn RAF Wellingtons hit the Buda pest rail yards and crev new fires were started In the tar get area bombed only 4 days ago by flying fortresses and liberators Making the first allied raid of the war on the Belgrade area fly tne Budamellt p0sccutor heatedly denied vnn knowing anything of Smythes whereabouts and moved thai his 51000 bond be revoked There was no immediate action on his motion Otherwise the trial got under ins fortresses and liberators struck way as expected The jammed the Zcmum and Pancevo airI courtroom almost too small to dromes lo the west and a 1 s o j 1101CI all the defendants and their dropped a few bombs onthe audibly when Washburn sarski aircraft factory At the Zc mum airfield hits were scored on the runways shops and barracks j it was announced Belgrade which has been Gcr nan headquarters for all the Bal ans since last October badly amaged by German bombers 6 1941 and 12000 persons vere reported killed Heavy damage was spread hrough the rail yards at Turnu leverin bollleneck on the Ro nanian side of the vital Danubian Iron bv the Sunday day ight attack RAF Wellingtons had lit similar targets there only the light before In a 1th daylight foray into the Balkans other heavy bombers al acked the Yugoslav rail junction of Mis Seven heavy bombers and 3 fighters were lost in the Balkan raids Three additional aircraft failed to return from other opera lions by the Mediterranean allied air force during the day of the foreign agents registration act O John Rogge special assistant to Attorney General Francis Bid die will present the governments case It has been in preparation by Ihe federal Omaha Dale 11 Maple accused of aiding the es cape of 2 German prisoners ol war and believed to be Ihe first American soldier in history charged with the equivalent of treason went on trial Monday at Ft Leavenworth Kans The 2i year old Harvard grad uate is charged with violation of the article of war which covers desertion and the 81st under w h i c h he is accused ot ar prisoners escape from Camp Hale Colo New York City now serving a iaiion helping 2 German I escape from Camp last February The death pcnalty is possible under cither Lois L De Lafayette of Chicago and Tacoma Wash answered to her name by stand ing up and shouting Lafayette we are de fend what you gave us our free dom from tyranny Then she sat down looking quite satisfied One of 2 women defendants Mrs Washburn wore a yellow pancake hal with a bunch of violets over her right ear and another bunch over her left eyebrow The 2nd female defendant Mrs Elizabeth Dillinc of Chicago a brown suit and hal with i a chartreuse jabot A coat thrown over her shoulder she walked jauntily down the aisle followed by he husband she recently di W Dilting who came here to assist her defense The about GLIDER TROOPS LAND NEAR JAP SUPPLY ROUTE Headquarters for Lord Mountbatten Are Transferred to Ceylon By RICHARD C BERGIIO17 Associated Press War Editor Airborne allied troops have landed UO miles from Mandalay to i clarnp another death griparound Japans north Burma communica tions tlie Imphal plain is entirely in our hands and the allied coun teroffensive against the Japanese which threatens t h c Bengal Assam railroad in India is making satisfactory progress Adm Lord Louis Mountbatten reported Monday from his new headquar ters in Ceylon The confident picture of allied operations in the southeast Asia command dispelled some of the vagueness und pessimism sur rounding the official communiques xvhen the command was located al New Delhi India and subject the censorship and military super vision of Gen Sir Claude Auchin leck Indian commandcrinchief Mountbattcns new Ceylon head tiuancrs remove him from Auch lecks supervision and bring him within direct contact with the al lied naval forces in the Indian ocean BritishIndian glider troops floated down on 2 positions liO 70 jnilcs from Mandalay and now straddle the MandalayTMy ilkyina railroad which Japan uses to supply her forces driving into have American aircraft met Eichcr dismissed several mo tions for a stay of proceedings forces from counsel as well as a peti tion offered by Henry Klein at torney for Eugene Sanctuary of New York lo postpone the trial gation for nearly 3 years and evi dence has been presented to 3 grand juries An indictment returned last January charged that the 30 de fendants violated section 9 title 18 of the U S code wliich forbids ac tivities intended lo interfere with impair and influence Ihe loyalty morale and discipline nf the mili tary and naval forces of the Unit ed States Maximum penalty for violations is a S10000 fine 10 years in prison or both The code was enacted June 2 same day according to the government that the con spiracy began Hitler Rudolf Hess Joseph Goebbels and 10 other nai leaders and party members were listed in the indictment as per sons with whom the defendants did conspire and cooperate The conspiracy according to Ihe government was in keeping with the fundamental nazi tenet of de stroying democracy wherever pos sible and selling up totalitarian regimes In the United States it took the form of a systemalic canipaign of propaganda to un dermine the morale of the armed The strictest secrecy sur rounded the trial press and radio representatives being barred The army announced lhat such infor mation as will not be contrary to national security will be made public at the 7th service command headquartci s here Bolh civilian a n d military counsel represented Maple It was announced that after Mon d a ys preliminary arraignment court will adjourn until April 24 to afford accused and his coun sel an opportunity to challenge the court Maple was apprehended in Mexico in the company of pris oners of war the army said Record Set in Plane Flight Across US Washington UR The giant transport Constellation landed at Washington National airport at p m CWT Monday set ting a new transcontinental air plane speed record The huge transport made the crossing from Burbank Ca in 7 hours and 3 minutes on the basis of unofficial timing Howard Hughes who set the pre vious record piloted the plane here for delivery to the army The plane flew a great circle route from Burbank of 23011 miles This was about 137 miles short er than the Burbank to Newark N J flight in which Hughes set the previous record of 7 hours 28 minutes and 25 seconds on Jan 19 1937 That flight was made in craft especially designed for speed while the Constellation was built by Lockheed for use by Transcontinental Western Air lines The Constellation said to be the worlds largest land based ail be turned over tc the army after it is exhibited here The army will take it lo Wright field Daylon Ohio Details of the Constellations performance are secret but it known that it can cruise at hal power about 100 miles an hoin faster than current standard transport planes flying at 20000 feet above 90 per cent oE weather disturbances Fastest continental crossing by a regular air transport plane was accomplished on April 3D 1935 in 11 hours 5 minutes and 45 sec onds bv D W Tomilson in a Douglas DC1 WRECKAGE AND BODIES STREWN ABOUT IN PORT Fall of City Appears Imminent More Nazi Troops Are Captured London fall of burn ing Sevastopol last major axis bastion in southern Russia ap peared imminent Monday as lUts ian troops were reported smash ng through the suburbs 2 miles roin the heart oC the city while soviet bombers and warships ashed at thousands of Germans iiul Romanians trying to escape by sea Field dispatches painted a scene of flaming chaos in the biit Black sea port bombarded incessantly by Russian siese suns command ing the nearby hills mill hpuiided by swarms of planes pouncing on axis troops sfreamiiiK for the last ships in a harbor strewn with wreckage and bodies Rushing on the besieged city from the southeast a soviet com munique said one Russian column India Other allied troops nave D 1 IT been operating around the raijjyian DaCK T terminus Myttkyina lor several weeks Although eneniy soldiers rin the jungles bordering Ihe Imphal plain allied troops probably rein forced by air still command the plain and city of Imphal capital of the Indian stale of Manipur on the Burma border Japanese attackers have suf fered very heavy losses and im portant positions have been re gained north of Imphal a late communique reported Gains were also scored in the hills bordering the rice paddies northeast of Im phal Tokyo radio conceded the Im phal defenders had been strength ened by airborne reinforcements but said the battle for the base will reach its climax in a few days And the situation was no belter for the Nipponese on the 5000 i DnrnUar fVaJlP in mile ocean front extending from j DOITlDer VJTaSnCS HI the Kurile islands in the north to tropical New Guinea where allied flyers raked the Japanese base of Ailapc with a 281ton bombing assault raising to more than 3000 tons the explosive weight poured Nazis Are Striking Heavily at France in Mass Executions London occupa tion authorities in France were reported striking heavily Monday with the bloody weapon of mass io executions in an effort to stamp on MCW Guinea bases in 2 eral vn Alaska Hears Draft Clerk Call His Name ScDtlsbluff Xubr 7 month at White Horse Yukon ter ritory Frank Fillingham stepped off the train here and walked into the station just as someone called his name It was his draft board clerk who was checking men as they en trained for Denver to take their proinduction examinations Fillingham 27 was given time to rush home say hello to his wife and 2 children und return in time to catch the train lo Denver where he was accepted for the army Sets Bed Afire While Mother Puts Mnoking until after Ihc war Klein said he C 75 enemy planes over the vvantcd to call as witnesses prosi Balkans but only a few came in dcnl ROOseVell Secretary ol State j m rp p to fight Liberator gunners were Cordell Hull ami AttorneyGen Uut BlaZC 1 nCH credited with shooting down 10 Francis Biddlc but did not want to interfere with the war effort The trial climaxing 3 years of investigation was expected to continue for al least 2 months and lightning escort pilots 3 more One more enemy plane was bagged during Ihe day for a grand total of 14 Aground allied patrols were ac tive on all fronts At 2 points pa rols drove deeply into enemy ter ritory the communique said de stroying an ammunition dump and a pill box out antiaxis sabotage and other patriot activities A B c r n dispatch quoted the German DNB news agency as saying that 20 men w h o m it identified as communists were shot in Paris and dispatches to the Geneva newspaper La Suissc said 32 French national front par I tisans were executed It was not clear whether these were sepa rate occurrences or involved some SU liiuis Cpl Robert I i duplication OBrien home on Vurlough was In a broadcast to ftuncc Sun in bed Monday His the British Broadcasting cor ircs caught fire His mother poralion declared that the Gcr Mrs Gertrude OBrien 58 helped i mans shot 86 men women and weeks Adm Chester Nimitz an nounced in Pearl Harbor his Pa cific flyers pounded Malsmva island in the Kuriles for the fifth consecutive day and other airmen struck at Ponape Truk Pakin Oroluk and Ulul in the Caroline islands and objectives in the Marshalls A navy search plane atlacked Nauru island south of the A small tanker was sunk ncnr Ponape and the ships two escort vessels were beached j Minneapolis 6 Die Minneapolis IUFV Six crew members aboard a B2G twomo tored U S army bomber were killed Monday when their ship crashed shortly after its takeoff from WoldChamberlain field and burst into flames The plane ell into a vacant lot but 2 of its motors and a wing were torn loose and fire from the plane set 2 garages ablaze An empty auto mobile standing in an alley was demolished and Ihc garages vns fire KUSSIANS TAKE YALTA Marshal Stalin has announced thai the rcil army hus captured Valla famous resort city in the Crimea Other Russian forces 2 had reached suburbs of Sevastopol early Sunday night swept up Yalta once summer residence of the czars and Monday it was re ported eating up the 30 miles of coastal highway separating it from Sevastopol This force also captured other towns along the Russian Riviera the bulletin said Other Iruups were converging on Sevastopol from the mountains inland moving along trails chosen lo avoid elaborate German mine fields and booby traps sowed along the roads in an attempt to gain time Altogether the Russians seized 3000 prisoners in the Crimea Sunday the soviet communique said boosting to 40000 the tolal captured in the lightning Bday one of conquest which has left the Ger oiily ITifl square 9UOU Miuare mile Among Ihc defendants were Elizabeth Dilling Chicago author of The Red William extinguish then collapsed heart attack the met mall flame died from a children in a village near Lille in revenge for Ihc derailing of a German train REFORM CABINET OF BADOGLIO 6 Liberal Parties Will Be Represented Naples Marshal Pielro Badoglios cabinet resigned Monday clearing Ihe way for a reorganization bringing represen tatives of 6 opposition liberal parties into the Italian govern ment King ViUorio Emanuclc ac cepted Ihe resignation of the pre mier and his cabinet ministers and immediately instructed Bad oglio to form a new government on a broader basis through the appointment of ministers chosen from members of the 6 political parties The shakeup was expected to bring Philosopher Benedetto Croce and other ovilspoken op ponents of Ihe king into Ihe cab inet possibly including Count Carlo Sforza who served as for eign minister before the advent of fiscism What Does Chest Do With Money Now Answer Will Be Given at Annual Meeting PLAN SPEAKERS FOR 8 AGENCIES Judge Buticr to Preside at 7 30 P M Monday docs the Mason City Community Chest do with its money now that there Is no un employment and no asked a subscriber recently He will get a complete an swer to his question in about 27 minutes if he attends the an nual meeting of the Chest Mon day evening at Music hall start ing at oclock With Judge W P Butler president the Chest as Ihc JUDGE W P BUTLER lendoff speaker representatives of the B participating agencies will devote 8 minutes each to explaining their present day ac tivities The speakers and their agencies include Dr 1 L Pauley Boy Scouts Mrs I b Valentine Girl Scouts Ihc Rev A Rogness Public Health Nursing association C K Cornwcll Salvation Army Mrs Dan Herrick School Milk and Health fund Mrs C E Dakiii Social WcKare league Carl O Klnlh Young Mens Christian association Mrs Ed mund Dunlop Young Womens Christian association The program also will include election of 2 directors to fill vacancies for one year and 7 new directors for 3 year terms The new board will meet after the membership session lo elect of ficers Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloudy and continued cold Monday night and Tuesday Lowest tempera ture Monday night in Mason Cily 22 Iowa Cloudy Monday nighl and T u c s d a y rain occasionally mixed with snow in south and cast portions Monday night and in southeast portion Tuesday slightly warmer Monday night fresh lo strong winds in south portion Minnesota Partly cloudy with no decided change in temperature Monday night and Tuesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics NATIONAL WANT AD WEEK April 1722 inclusive The farmer up Ihc road wants to buy that piece of used farm machinery you no longer need An inexpensive For Sale want ad tells him and gives you Cash to complete that War Bond During Ad Week inclusive Maximum Sunday 47 Minimum Sunday night 2fi At 8 a in Monday 32 YKAR AGO Maximum 45 j Minimum 23 The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday 32 Minimum Saturday night 28 At 8 a m Sunday 28 Snow 2 inch 8 4 destroyed in the j mans holding miles of the peninsula The coiniminiduc inoted Cicr man prisoners as sayins that the commander of the fl8lh infantry division and regimental com manders routed nn the Kerch peninsula fell sick with Cri mean anil flew off in a i plane It added that many other i German Kcncrals left their sol diers to their fate and deserted j the Crimea I When the Crimean taiiies are completed the Moscowannounced toll of axis troops killed or cap tured since March is expected to exceed 500000 It was raised to approximately 450000 Sunday by a special communique announcing the death or capture of 145793 men between March G and April 15 in the offensive which carried the 2nd Ukraine army 50 miles inside Romania A midnight bulletin Sunday night also announced that Rus sian troops on the mainland had killed 1800 Germans in a new drive which forced the lower Dneslr river in the Tiraspol sec lor outflanking the rail junctions I of Tighina anil Chisinati in Bess Notional April 17 Want lo 22 Precipitation YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 06 inch fii 38 Insertions for the price of Insertions for the price of Phone 3800 6 3 Remember GlobeGazette Want Ads Bring Results arabia The puti apparently was aimed at collapsing Ihe castwest Chisinaulasi defense line guard ing the approaches to Ihe Galati gap in southern Romania A Tiiss dispatch broadcast from j Moscosv Sunday night said that a largescale transfer ot German troops from west lo east is under way and added that it was be lieved the German general staft has been able to convince leading nnzi circles that from every point ot view it would be more correct ;