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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, April 17, 1942

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 17, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME C 0 M P DEPARTMENT OF AND ARCHIVES MOINES IA THI NIWSPAm THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IQWAJjglDAY AFRIT 17 HOME EDITION irnm THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE JOJL Bntith Wells in Western Burma EMPIRE FORCES 5 RETREATJAPS DRIVE FIERCELY Stimson Announces Allies Pretty Near Ready for Offensive By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS War Secretary Stimson an nounced Friday tliat so far as the army is concerned we are getting pretty near to the stage of being ready Jor an offensive however difficult it may be while on the action front the allies suffered a grave new reverse in Burma Cutting off Chinas main source of oil supplies British engineers applying the scorched earth policy were forced to de stroy 6000 oil wells in the Yen anryaung fields in western Bur ma as outnumbered British troops retreated anew under the fiercest Japanese assault of the campaign In Washington Stimson disclosed preparations for a mighty united nations offensive with the dec laration Things are beginning lo more and to move in the right direc tion 1 am now more than ever con vinced that we are going togel on the offensive and to do so at the earliest practicable moment Stimson also declared that Gen MacArthur was in com strategic com l J wareffort in in that area to defeat the Japanese invaders The war secretary described confusion over General MacAr thurs exact status as a tempest in a teapot and said he had the same type of command as for merly was held by the British Gen Sir Archibald P Wavell In the Philippine thealer a war deparlment bulletin announced that more than American Filipino troops and civilians in cluding 16 generals had been un reported for more than a week on Bataan peninsula and were pre sumably in the hands of the enemy The figure included 35000 com bat troops 3500 sick and wounded supply and other non combatant troops and 25000 civi lians All 68 army nurses on Bataan evacuated to Corregidor island on April 9 the communi que said In Burma latest reports indi cated that the situation was criti cal in the extreme Simultaneously British Minister Hichard G Casey warned that the allies must assume Japan can strike in major offensives against Australia and India at the same time Burma is the eastern approach to India British headquarters acknow ledged that battleworn British troops fighting a desperate holding action against Japans invasion armies in the Irrawad dy river valley had withdrawn at least 15 miles to a line north of Magwe Magwe is the gateway to the Yenangyaung oil fields Chinas chief source of oil supplies The British communique said heavy Japanese pressure on the British right flank had forced the withdrawal but said olher British troops in the Taungdwingyi sector were still successfully protecting the right flank of the Chinese ex peditionary force The main Chinese army com manded by the American Lieut Gen Joseph W Slilwell is un der heavy attack by Japanese columns striking from the south and threatened with being cut off by other Japanese invaders drivingdown from the northeast out of Thailand The warning by British Cabinet Minister Casey that Japan was strong enough to invade India and Australia at the same time was not elaborated but on a more cheering note he declared that United States production was mov ing at a great pace and would soon make itself felt in more than one theater of the war to Australia Japanese warplanes again raided Port Moresby New Guinea 300 miles across the In the Philippines a Tokio broadcast asserted that 50000 Filipino and United States sol Head Medical Society DES MOINES L K Woodward of Mason City was named presidentelect of the Iowa Stale Medical society at its concluding convention session here Friday He will take office in 1943 Dr F P Winkler of Siblcy assumed the presidency for the ensuingyear Dr Robert L Parker of Des Moines was re elected secretary and Dr James A Downing also of DCS Moines was reelected treasurer Registration figures showed more than 1000 persons at tended the convention diers including 9000 Americans had been captured on Bataan peninsula up to 000 more than Tokio claimed on Tuesday With Bataan fallen and Corre gidor island fortress under fiery bay Japans in apparently nv on capturing the central Philippines as their next objec tive AmericanFilipino troops were reported fighting off an attack on Iloilo on Panay island Panay lies midway between Lu zon island in the north and Min danao island in the south A wardepartment communique said Thursday that 8000 Japanese troops landing under cover of naval gunfire and aerial bombard ment were engaged by American Filipino defenders 9 SOLDIERS ARE HURT IN WRECK Troop Train Crashes Into Switch Engine Near Yorktown Ind YORKTOWW Ind UR men were injured Friday three critically when a troop train carrying 309 soldiers from Camp Perry Ohio to Jefferson Bar racks Mo crashed into a switch engine near here Private Joseph Kevcrs Ober lin Ohio suffered serious back injuries George Louden In dianapolis engineer on the troop train head injuries and Gerald McMullen Bellefontaine Ohio troop train fireman suf fered a crushed leg when he leaped from the engine cab An army physician amputated McMullens leg at the scene of the accident Other soldiers reported to have oeen less seriously injured were Privates Andrew Bodister Harold Moresfield Adolph Jaeger John Mitro and Klias Cottle all of Cleveland Ohio and Albert Law rence of Warren Ohio Army otficials at Fort Benjamin Harrison in Indianapolis said all nuv sell MOJ iiim Wlirt V ously injured would be removed more than three miles from a Muncie hospital to Fort Harrison immediately and the other men on the train would con tinue their journey to Jefferson Barracks The accident occurred when the switching freight train failed o clear the main line in time for the troop train to pass Witnesses said the freight went into re d lance commanT avoid the crash Official statement that the crash had occurred was released by Col S Drysdale post commander under the direction of WAVES OF RAF PLANES ATTACK GERM AN POINTS Nazis Say Supply Installations at Southampton Bombed LONDON weath er unleashed wave upon wave of RAP planes Friday for their vir tually ceaseless offensive against the Germandominated continent and nazi bombers struck back savagely at a south coast town which they said was Southhamp ton A great force swept northern France and returned across the strait preceded by the angry sound of German antiaircraft barrages on the occupied main land coast Spitfires blanketed a great area as they continued the shuttles of destruction across he waters1 at 20000 feet The first wave was followed in land over France by a second force The German high command said 11 British planes were de stroyed over the channel and Eng lish south coast Thursday in vio lent combats The Germans said supply installations were attacked with good results at South harnpton with high explosive anci incendiary bombs Early Friday morning enemy planes droppedbombs also at a west country town and roarec away before ground guns eouk The two waves ofRAF raid enrwere followed in the after noon by a strong mixed force of bombers and fighters who headed southeast over the sea from Deal in the afternoon Scpres of aircraft were visible to watchers who soon heard German antiaircraft fire greet ing the invaders The night attack kept alive a virtual nonstop aerial assault which had been going on for more than 70 hours when the day raid ers hammered northern France Friday morning The nazi submarine base at Lorient and the docks at Le Havre were the targets of the night bombers and enemy airfields in Holland and northern France of the night fighters the air minis try said Two bombers were losi it said but the Germans also lost a bomber which was intercepted in the attack on one of their airfields The numbers in the morning raids indicated that the sweep were as large as Thursdays as sault by more than 400 British planes and the drone highfly ing squadrons included the deep roar of heavy bombers Although Ihe planes swept out loo high to be identified they could be heard passing overhead lor almost 15 minules and then very soon explosions began rolling back from across the channel Some of the reverberations were strong enough to rattle doors and windows on this side Within 10 minutes after the main force had crossed to the French side in the direction of Boulogne some of the RAF fighters were roaring back at less than 1000 feet A British report that suddenly changing weather halted RAF at acks on Germany Thursday night indicated the night operations Verc 01 scale than the thrusts The Dover strai recent heavy air weather over the cm wvei me uover strait the soldiers who were not seri Friday was fine with visibility of OUS1V miurpd wtvilrl ho mnrp thari J Italians Say Allied Attempt to Land Nea Crete Is Repulsed LONDON UP it Fri u Fri could that united nation forces had ay a uned nation o eed enough to tried to make a landing on he crash sland south of Crete off the ireek coast but had been reulsed iVartime IOWA CITY new courc peech education in wartime will vi iceltlieio D pcecn and community leaders Australia on Guard L Hoping fiiS in Phone Rates By CLIFF SANDAHL WASHINGTON e n a tor Clyde L Herring DIowa has called upon Price Administrator Leon Henderson diale action on lo take imme increased tele announced by the Bell Telephone phone rates Northwestern company in Iowa Herring declared he had taken the matter up Hen derson as a member of the sen ate committee investigating the national defense program after the federal communications commission bad advised him it was without jurisdiction over purely intraslate rates TJie Northwestern Bell in Iowa very adroitly avoided FCC control and jurisdiction in making the in crease apply only on intraslate rates Herring said in a state ment Iowa is one of the few states which has no public utility com mission and as far as I know is Ihe only state being so penalized While some other states dont have public utility commissions no advances in rales have been suggested in them The Northwestern Bell in Iowa the senalor said earned nearly 6 per cent in 1941 after paying taxes and he added Since that lime their busi ness has increased so much due to their war effort that theyre asking their customers not to use their lines and an immense increase in volume with he same facilities does not tend to reduce revenues Hening said what everyone ivas trying to prevent was in cases in prices which would lead eventually to inflation Raising prices on telephone service he commented is no different than raising prices on other lend loward nflalion Herring made public a ielter ic wrote to Henderson after Ihe alter had sent two men to his of fice as follows My attention has been called by a number of public officials md citizens of my slate cornplain ng about an increase in telephone rates by the Northwestern Bell Telephone company affecting a arge part of the state The facts as I understand them are Ihat on April 6 this company announced that effective as of April 10 billings exchange and intrastale toll rales with some exceptions were to be increased 15 per cent My information also is that this action was taken by the company without approval by any federal or state agency since the state of Iowa has no public service commission and tne federal communications commission has asserted it has no control overthese rates emer mrv 11942 uJUi tyjra tes rom your jurisdiction I fee neverthelessthat it is my duty lo callthis matter to your atten tion with the hopes thatsome ac tion can be taken by your office I am sure that the federal com munications commission will be glad lo cooperate with you II is possible ihat you may find thai the effective and com plete discharge of your obligation to prevent unwarranted increases in prices may compel you to seek an amendmenl to the price control act under which your agency would be given authority to re quire the approval of all tele phone or other utility price in creases over which slate or fed eral regulatory agencies do not have jurisdiction If you should find this to be necessary you can be assured that I should be only too glad to introduce an appropriate amend ment In the meantime anything you can do by an inquiry or consulta tion with the company to bring about relief to the people in the state of Iowa on whom this in crease has been imposed it you find the increase nol to be jusli ficd will of course be very greatly appreciated Waterloo and Otlumwa have added Iheir protests to those of other Iowa cities against the 15 per cent telephone rate increase by the Northwestern Bell Telephone company Mayor Ralph B Slippy of Wat erloo wrote a protest to President Roosevelt and the Ottumvva city council signed a resolution of pro test and directed City Solicitor o O irhardt to investigate and report what action may be taken in the matter Buy war savings bonds and stamps from your GlobeGazelle carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Cool Friday night and Saturday forenoon increas ing winds Saturday forenoon IOWA Little change in tempera lure Friday nighl and Saturday forenoon except slightly warm er northwest and extreme west portions some likelihood of io cal showers late Friday night or Saturday forenoon extreme soulhwest portion MINNESOTA Little change in temperature east and slightly warmer west portion Friday night and Saturday forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather stalistics Maximum Thursday 3 Minimum in Night 34 At 8 a m Friday 44 YEAR AGO Maximum 54 Minimum 43 AH of Russians to Fight Expected German Offensive BULLETIN KUIBYSHEV Russia UR Total mobilization of Hussias 193000000 people against Ger manys anticipated spring of fensive was ordered Friday in official decrees mustering alt manpower for industrial and farm production By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Adolf Hitlers field headquar ters acknowledged Friday Ihat the red armies had launched a pow erful attack on the central Mos cow front while a Berlin broad cast complained that German troops have to fight in a sea of mire wading up to their belts m mud The Germans have now ceased to speak of the longheralded nazi sprinr offensive and London commentators said the bin German push would prob ably not come until midJune The Germans also conceded that the Russians were attacking on the northern front where soviet dispatches said the Russians had captured a large fortiCied po silion m tlie vicinity of Staraya Russa Staraya Hussa 140 miles south of Leningrad is a key nazi base in the general battle area where the German Ifith army had been bottled up for weeks Tlie Russians further declared they had captured a fortified German position on the high way between Dorogobuzh and Smolensk some 200 miles west of Moscow where the red armies have been slowly closing the Jaws of a trap on the nazi escape corridor from Moscow Vast armadas o RAF fighters ui bombers streaked across the Premier English channel Friday pressing nonstop offensive against the jermanoccupied French inva ion coasl while nazi raiders sounded Southampton on the Eng e ng lish south coast in the first big scale attack in several months British daylight raids on north ern France in the morning capped overnight thrusts in which the RAF atlacked the German Uboat 3ase at Lorient docks at La Havre and nazi airdromes in Holland and occupied France The British air ministry said more than 1500000 German sol diers and civilians were fully engaged in defense against the KAF s tempestuous blows and that he offensive compelling the enemy to maintain a long and purely defensive western front RETURNING FOR CONSULTATION Petain Names Darlan French Commander in Land Sea and Air By ROGER D GKEENE Associated Press War Editor The United States recalled Am bassador Admiral William D Leahy from France Friday for consultation as Ihe Vichy gov ernment resigned and old Marshal Petain apparently putting a brake on the resurgence of pro nazi Pierre Laval to power named Admiral Jean Darlan as comman der of French land sea and ail forces Vichy dispatches said Ambas sador Leahy had been ordered home to consult with the gov necessarily mean ing an open break in Washing tonVichy that lie was expected to leave within two or three weeks Admiral Darlan was also de small number oftroops Petains heir as duct munique said 9f state and neutral observers saw 16 Generals Believed in Japs Hands WASHINGTON war department announced Friday that more than 65000 troops and civilians including 16 generals had been unreporled for more than a week on Bataan peninsula and were presumably In the hands of the enemy This figure included approx imately 35000 combat troops about 5500 sick and wounded a number of supply and other noncombatant troops and some 25000 civilians a communique reported No reports of casualties in the last feiv days of fighting have been received the communique said but it was believed likely that Josses were heavy on both sides There were 6B army nurses on Bataan and all them were eva cuated lo Corregidor island on April 9 along with a relatively muriiquc said Secretary of War Stimson told his press conference Friday the war department lacked con vincing information that the Japanese were treating prison ers and interned civilians in full accord with the Geneva con vention laying down rules of humane treatment For ourselves we are going to follow the convention the sec retary said Stimson announced that in rec ognition the steadfastness and courage shown by the Filipinos in the defense of their native land army had madet Filipinos eli asaviationcadets ThisYistiffrecognition of ihe bravery and loyalty of the FiIi pmos particularly of the airmen who have shown great skill and courage he said As a former governor general of the islands Stimson said that the Filipinos part in the defense oC the islands seemed to seal the United States 40year objective to help create a nation there based on the same rules of freedom and self government as arc followed in the United States Commander of the Bataan force was Major General Ed ward P King Jr whose name topped a list of 16 American and Filipino general officers who were believed to have been captured General King took command as senior officer when Lieutenant General Jonathan M Wainwrighl Commanderinchief of the Phil ippine defenses shifted his at tention to the defense of Correei dor fortress Major General Albert N Jones commanded thesouthern wing of the forces defending Luzon in the December stage of the struggle and was decorated subsequently along with General Wainwright by General Douglas MacArthur The six Philippine army gener al officers listed as unreported in cluded outstanding leaders in the islands military effort Among them were Brigadier Genera Vi cente Lim a graduate of West Point and Brigadier General L R Stevens a native American whose career had been largely with the Philippine constabulary HUGE PURGE IN FASCIST PARTY LONDON usually re liable source said Friday uncon firmed reports had been received attempting a recently for movement for a He said he was told through confidential channels that the organizers of that movement in cluded Marshal Rodolfo Graii ani former commander of all Italian forces in north Africa Marshal Fielro Badoclio for mer chief of staff of the Italian army Gen Francisco Pricolo former chief of Premier Musso linis air force and Gen Cesare Maria Dcvccchi former gover nor of the Dodecanese islands None of these was reported ar rested he said but some civilians were said to have been held and a dozen or so government officials were reported dismissed This source said the information which reached him did not indi cate whether the movement in m this Ihe possibility that the 85 year old marshal in a final anti collaboration gesture sought lo prevent Laval from assuming complete dictatorial powers As the Vichy drama sped to ward a climax bristling with the likelihood of worldwide repercus sions fresh outbreaks of terrorism were reported againsl the German occupation armies in France Nazi authorities in Vichy an nounced that 35 more hostages had been shot in occupied France in reprisal for attacks on German troops and anticol f f Py it Partsv IJdStidonheara Vichy7 way of Switzerland that Laval would attempt to maintain friendly relations with the United States and might even try to reestablish peace between Germany and the United States The crisis remained acute how ever with Washington ready lo take swift action in the event Laval discloses any program oE trenchGerman solidarity hostile to the allies Admiral Darlan also was des ignalcd as heir to 85 year oid Marshal Philippe Pclain as chief of a Vichy communique announced Although bitterly antiBritish Darlan is said to be adamanl against handing over the French ADMIRAL LEAHY by U S FRANCOIS 0ARLAX Commander ;