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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, April 16, 1941

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 16, 1941, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME H 1ST OEPT OF IOYA COMB OES UOIHC5 U THE NEWSPAPIR THAT MAKES AtL NORTH tOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT FIGHT RAGES ON GREEK FRONT ThsAj Ans Anmaiw Wags Call Delegates 72 Wise Men EDITORS NOTE Tins is another of a scries of articles written by Earl Hal Mason City Globe Cazctic managing editor in the course of a tour through South America as one of a party of 12 utiests of the Carnegie Endowment for Inter national Peace XUMBEll S3 By EARL HALL COLIMA CITY IN MEXICO RUINED IN EARTHQUAKE Rush Aid to Thousands of Homeless Volcano Starts Forest Fires MEXICO CITY Pedro Torres Ortiz of Colima state telegraphed the government information office Wednesday that the city or Colimi which has a population of 15000 was almost totally destroyed earthquake in Tuesdays Federal troops have removed 36 bodies and nearly 100 of the in jured from the ruins the gover nor telegraphed The full toll ot dead and injured in tiic towns of Serbs Blast Iron Gate Block Danube LONDON have dynamited the famous narrow Iron Gate on the Danube on the Jugoslav frontier with Rumania and have blocked Danube river traffic for perhaps three months reliable Jugoslav quarters re ported Wednesday night Closing of the Iron Gate to river shipping was described as i a hard blow to Germany since it blocked river traffic to Ger many from Russia via the Black sea and from Rumania and Bul garia German supplies of oil man ganese ore cereals nonferrous metals and other the seven states in ABOARD THE S S SANTA davf LUCIA WEARING VALPARAII Colima eaptial SO a final letter bc the southern fore docking at Valparaiso pre paratory to spending a week in Santiago Chiles capital and ily ing across the Andes to Buenos Aires I shall draw on my little notebook for a strange merit of sidelights accumulated during our 18 rt ay vo3 age f r o m N e w York 11 have not seen a sin gle mosquito and Ive seen only a few flies 21 have heard not one u ii kind w o r d spoken by anybody d u ring t h e course of the voyage EAfiL HALL 3 My only disappointment thus f a r of Colima state miles west of Mexico City appeared to be hardest hit of the towns able lo com municate with the capital Govcror Pedro Torres Ortiz radioed that half of the citys 15000 residents were homeless dead or injured Colima volcano near Colima erupted Governor Ortiz said kindling forest fires that seriously menaced the shattered city Mexico City sustained damage estimated unofficially at more than w h e n heavy and started a fire in the industrial area that leveled a square block The temblor which began with violent shocks lasting five minutes in Colima tapering off in a series of lesser tremors apparently cen tered in the historic earthquake center of Chilpancingo about 50 miles inland from the Pacific coast resort town of Acopulco Chilpancingo is about TOO miles due south of Laredo Tex Destruction and u n d e te r easualtirs Guadala jara capital of Jalisco state and Mexicos second largest city iHanzanillo important Pacific roast port and a dozen other cities across the far east as Mallrata in Vera Cruz state which borders on the gulf of Mexico The master of the U S commodities were expected to be affected seriously The Iron Gate is n mountain pass through which the Danube flows and was made navigable at a cost of 510000 CLAJAI NAZIS PRESSED i HARD AT SKOPLJE ATHENS Athens Wednesday night broadcast an Ankara Turkey dispatch assert ing that Jugoslav troops were pressing the Germans heavily near Skoplje and it was claimed that the Germans under attack there had sent an urgent request for rc enforccments Authoritative quarters in Athens said that the Germans were using large numbers of dive bombers against British troops communications and harbor in stallations ITALIAN EDITOR IN CHICAGO IS FATALLY SHOT Had Recently Given Information to Dies Committee in Probe CHICAGO URIA Dies com mittee investigator said Wednes day lie had discussed fifth col umn Arena editor of La Tribuna a few hours before Arena was assassinated in gangland fashion The investigator who would not permit the use of his name said he talked Arena for two year incan was shot hours Tuesday Arena 43 old ItalianAmerican wa down late Tuesday night wmie leaving a north side movie theater ivitli Eleanor Herrmeycr 17 a school student Violent Attacks Occur Rush Troops North was in crossing the equator in the early morning j mined numbers or wlien the usual King Neptune ril were reported from ual was impracticable M The Panama canal has a present capacity of JUU ships a month the February total was almost exactly By working three shifts daily instead of tivo as at present and with the addition of a third set of locks the rapacity can be increased to well over the 1000 mark monthly is above any predictable volume within the next half cen tury 5 The Panama railroad has been one of the worlds best paying investments since 185o when it was constructed This in cidentally was only three vears after the first iron horse pokerl its nose into Iowa at Davenport Although only 00 mile long this isthmian line was Americas first transcontinental railroad There isnt even today a highway stretch ing across the Canal Zone al though one under construction is within miles of completion C There is a special appropri ntencss in the names of the two Cities at the Atlantic end of the Panama canal One is Cristo bal pronounced with accent on the second syllable and meaning Christopher and Colon accented on second syllable and meanin 1 Under lie Spanish system a I child takes the name of both parents with the fathers mint coming first When a girl manic she drops the family name of her mother One of the most charm ing South Americans met bv is Scnor Bafacl Larco Hcncra porsor of an extraordinary at Ciiiclin Peru llj fathers dis family This system has been more than a liltle confusing to us novices in South American travel O While ashore at Antofagasta O I accompanied my cabin male W H Hessler to a hotel while he communicated by tele phone with an official of radio station WLW in Cincinnati Along with his duties as chief editorial arircr for the Cincinnati Enquir er Air Hessler is news analyst steamer West Munargo reported by wireless that his ship when off Manzanillo had been shaken by the quake and that a tre mendous cloud of dust was seen to mushroom from the BRITISnTLEET SHELLS AXIS Warships Bombarding Italians and German Columns in Cyrenaica LONDpN east ern Mediterranean fleet has sent warships into action against Ger man and Italian columns in north Africa the admiralty said in a communique Wednesday Tho navy the admiralty said was bombarding enemy positions in Cyrenaira including transport columns west of Sollum and the bl Gazala airdrome where at EOONE Charles onme grClfrdnCi BOO11C ITALIANS SEEK ETHIOPIA TERMS Emissaries to Take Up Envoys to Negotiate for Capitulation LONDON of the Duke of Aosta Italian viceroy of Ethiopia have arrived at Dire Dawaarid are discussing with British army chieftains terms for the capitulation of 76000 Italian troops still resisting in Ethiopia it was understood Wednesday British military authorities here said they had received re liable confirmation of reports that the emissaries had ar rived at Dire Dawa on the Ad dis AbabaDjibouti railroad oil a very important mission An Italian surrender in East Africa had been expected here because of the danger to tens of thousands of Italian civilians from vengeful Ethiopian tribesmen who are revolting in incrcasin numbers Italian forces now arc gradual ly concentrating in three Abyssin ian Ethiopian Gondar and Jimina military Quarters said Wednesday It js estimated roughly that in the Dcs sie district there arc 10 000 Ital ian troops and 12000 natives while there arc 8000 Italians and 9000 natives in the Gondar area Troops in the Jimma region are estimated at 22000 Italians and Ia000 natives Arena told the Dies commit of the ORVA fascist secrefpo lice bad been obtaining nation al defense secrets from steel and other industrial workers the aRent said Arena also said that Chicago persons of Italian de scent had been coerced into paying money into an espion age fund Arena had written editorials imhcolumnists The Dies Arena had another such editorial as yet unpublished in his pocket Tuesoay He said the editorial could notbe found Wednesday discussed thc Italian situa tion m general and fifth column activities the investisator said Arena told him he said that he had furnished similar informa tion to thc federal bureau oC in vestigation William Devcrcaux chief of the Chicago FBI office declined comment of the but confirmed that J Edgar ANGLO EGYPTIAN SUDAN B JALIAN EAST AFRICA Analyst Considers Zone in North Africa to Be Center of Challenge to British Army By T T MASON Vi intcd Press War Expert Greeks Claim Nazi Losses Were Heavy ATHENS i K h I i 1 general along the British front m Greece Wednesday British sources said but despite their vigorous mechanized thrusts the Germans BritishGreek defenses battle which may decide the fate of the Ionian peninsula Authoritative sources suid the nazis nowhere hail overshot the mam defense positions in their drive through the mountains wJiieh carried them to the west ern outlet of Siatista nass open ing between peaks GOOO feel i 1 f easier ter rain to the south ek eHdcmarters said thr eH tntii tioops in western acecui had been successfully withdrawn to the new defense positions Before the Greeks retired heari ctuaiters said they inflicted heavy forces0 German Strong reinforcements of men and material were reported in po sition m the new defense line ed tmai ed attacKs extremely hazardous The main German drive an Beared to be directed down the central section of the peninsula from the Bitolj Monastlr Rap while the column which crashed nT s11 rardar took Salonika was in contact W thealuea forces in the east m the reelon of Mount he Greeks several thrusts1 by enemv mechanized forces were re pulsed The penetration llirougii the atista pass was disclosed Tues day night by a Greek spokesman I he advance was said to have ost the Germans many lives as they struggled through tortuous mountain routes harassed bv sharpsiiooters frr jiuov IITO txpcrt ci FBI director had written a i tile three battle ireas whciv RriHiU i cagcd against axis foices pretue o rmation sent to tho bu Hoover said the informa tion would be given appropriate consideration lowan Killed as Car Upsets on Gravel Road Police Capt Patrick B O Connell said he believed the gunmen were imported Mafia gangsters He said it appeared they had been brought to Chi cago to stop Arenas antififth column writing if The Dies investigator said Arena told him that defense em ployes were questioned about pro duction schedules shipping plant power and water lines Arena told the investigator be had not received direct threats against his life but had been warned against writing further editorials Arena was quoted as saying he had received a letter Monday ordering him to lay off and that boycotts against his newsapcr had been threatened Miss Hcrrmeyer who aspires to an opera career told police she had been seeing Arena with the consent her father and mother She said she thought Arena be cause of his connections1 could zone toward which hostilities in the two outer zones arc gradually moving for a major challenge by the British army In the southern zone London re ports negotiations may be startin for the capitulation of all that re mains of the Italian army in Ethi opia There is good reason to be lieve that if discuss ions arc not al ready begun they must do so w i t h i n 1 short time As the Jugo slav ac cording to London reports no longer is able to offer o r g a n i z c d resistance s o et started on a musical MASON iiH i or the powerful Ohio radio sta ton vVhile on this trip he stops m at radio stations in principal crtics and transcribes ijs 13 ruin jo Circirnitf T r tcsphtnc call in move th workers commit i K 1 tec CIO called a strike Tuesday IOWA inH night iMosth cloudy occasional knit the two continents of the western hemisphere can be A Wags on this ship have been referring to our Carnegie parly as Ihe twelve wise men and those braintrusters1 1 A One night the four of us IV at our table in the dining room were griping just a bit be cause we seemed to be landinc at every port at late to get full value from our special tours A bus boy listened in with rilcrcst and came through in bcsi Bowery dialect with this prize help her career The Dies committee in ington described Arena as one ol is chief informers of fascist ac latc Tuesday when his in the Chicago area bile upset on a gravel road northman Martin Dies Wednesday I of the city Arrasmith rn FBI protection of comI it j mittec witnesses and informers Southern Police Capl falrick OCun iiell iiail his men seize copies of recent issues of his paper La Tribuna and assigned transla tors to study its articles for pos sible clues to the killing The captain said Arena had rc e e i v e d numerous telephone threats because of his articles the Italian forces in Ethiopia have been disintegrated into three sec tors incapable of coordinated op erations In Jugoslavia guerilla fighting and combat by independ ent units still arc possible because the populace is not hostile to its own soldiers Jn Ethiopia however the rem it llants lhc Italian divisions arc asn not m a similar position Beside having to fight the British the Italians must face the hostility of the natives who sec the return of I ice in a final Selectees Interested in Boxi ng B ncday and t DCS Moincs Southern railroad knocked uncon s steTSundry j Weather pany where the j v j t I showers Wednesday night and Thursday little change in tem perature MINNESOTA Mostly cloudy oc casional rain Wednesday night and Thursday somewhat warm er northeast and northcentra VI ednesday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette tics Maximum Tuesday Minimum Tuesday night At 8 a m Wednesday VEAR AGO Maximum Minimum weather statis V V One editorial written in Eng fif 13 Ul hsh published Feb 14 and re printed Feb 21 said in part We are glad to know that the great majority of American citizens of Hahan blood arc disgusted with the fifth column activities of a vice consul at the Italian con sulate and his friends Many times we have exposed these unscrup ulous people because with their intrigue hey harm both the American and the Italian people and the good understanding be tween these two peoples There must be serious uneasi ness among the Italians of a massacre by the natives nr at least refusal of the tribesmen lo assist the Italians in EcltinE food It is therefore reasonable to believe that capitulation is the only realistic step for the Italians to take The British thus can release still more troops from conquered East Africa to join the numbers already on their way to the cen tral zone of warfare in North Africa Hero the squeeze toward the center is the result of British victory in the south In the northern combat zone where the AngloGreek armies are racing the Germans and Italians the situation seems similarly to be pointing to Morth Africa ai the territory where the effective decision will be reached H is the axis for a considerable period out there is no doubt that the high command at Athens must have taken into consideration the pos sibility of an eventual retirement to Egypt for renewal of the struggle there REPORT21SERB ARMY GAVE UP Nazis About Face in Charge That British Are Fleeing Greece BERLIN reported Wednesday that Jugoslav armed forces were disintegrating that the second Jugoslav army in Sarajevo had capitulated and that the British had been brought to battle in the main defense line of Greece anchored on fabled Mount Olympus after stiff fighting in which prisoners and booty were captured The German advance in Greece the high command called a hot pursuit of the British followed official statements that Jugoslav resistance was ceasing In addition to flic capitulation of the second Jugoslav army the I official news agency viid that six hcrbian divisions had been anni I hilated by two German divisions i and Ihtt eight Jugoslav gcncraN many other officers and SO 000 men had been captured The remnants of the Jugoslav army arc surrendering in increas ing numbers each hour the agency apparently ending threats to German rear lines on the Creek front In regard to Greece the Gcr mun press made a sudden about face in connection with charges that the British were fleeing Greece and said that nil chances ot IliglH had been frustrated by the German the British to fight This change was credited by newspaper to the swiftness of the German ad vance and the heavy attacks of the nazi airforcc on the Greek harbors where British were reported assembling definite ncv ase CAMP SHKLBY ball B eans M ju Baseball boxing and beans are of more concern to selectees here than war news If they dont get beans for dinner they ask about them said Chaplain Anslem Keefe of the 135th medical regiment and theyd rather play baseball and box than hear of events abroad CANCEL OWN VOTE EASTON III Easton left the village fathers in somewhat of a quandary They voted for a waterworks system HI to 109 but defeated a bond isuc to pav for it ALLIED TROOPS CONTACT FOES ALL ALONG LINE London Reports Serbian Army Is No Longer Fighting as a Unit Bl THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Wide open battle named along onthe British Trout m Greccu Wednesday tml the Germans acknowledged that Hitlers blitzkrieg invasion was meeting stubborn re sistance after previously as serting that the allies were in headlong retreat v Our troops arc now in contact with he enemy along the whole of otir front in Greece the Brit ish middle cast command said tersely It was apparent that a climactic struggle which may decide the fate of the Aegean Wls last developing DNB the otlicinl German agency said hundreds or British prisoners including fjom AT stialia and New LOOK INSIDE FOR iuii iiLmiLLcy iti fignlmg in the mountains saHrrSh tiuartcrs Athens said German panzer spearheads were executing savage thrusts declared that nowhere hart overshot the neir allied de fense line The apparent collapse of Jugo sinvia coupled with a 65 mile German break io northern Giccce gave a darker turn to events for Ihe allies however in lhc 11day old battle of the Balk London conceded that the situa tion m Jugoslavia was bad Hitlers high command reported the capture of Sarajevo central Jugoslavia where the assassina tion of Archduke Franz Fcrditnnd touched off the World war and declared that thousands of Serbs were surrendering The Briiisi likewise acknowl edged that the pressure of nazi panzer on thc allied right flank and pourinsr through thc lofty Siatista pass to easier terrain to the increasing violently The Greek lcKalioii in Lon don asserted however that sev eral weah iml doomed Greek forts isolated h aslern Mavc tonis when the Germans cap tured Salonika wire loM out under terrific artillery ami riivi homlring DUKK OF WINDSOR Windsors to Visit Palm Beach Friday PAGE 2 Youth Pleads Guilty on Manslaughter Count STATE PACK Fans Shudder as Opener Dope Falls SPORTS PAGE Information reaching Lojirinti that Jugoslavia o loS bad control over her an l l VVS bclicvci hat they would continue to fight as gucr whilT IGPman Si command which last week asserted lhat the Serb army was destroyed de clared Wednesday remnants of the Serbian y arc ncaring dissolution The number of prisoners and tho of booty is increasing Piemicr Mussolinis co man Sd flnlhu lvops iult chief naval i il Split in a INOmilc thrun own Adriatic scacoast ami lial the of Ersekc Albania ill imlcs south of alien had bee retaken from the Greeks i He fascists were said to be mK on toward Ilic nearby Greek rapidly approaching a junction with Germans r lillc saa the Germans suffered heavy losses in kniflns a 65 rmle salient into northern Greece ronvcrsrinp In twin drives from Salonika and Bi loli pass There were stroller indica tions loo that the allies ivcre rallyuis lo a after the nazi breakthrouch After jubilaiUiy declaring that ie campaign in Greece was bc cornnia i rout lie Germans sub i scciucntly admitted that the btitz jkrics invasion was now stubborn opposition and a ;