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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 16, 1937, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL XLffl FIVE CJxMTS A COPY ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS WIRES IOWA FRIDAY APRIL 16 1937 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 163 Why Is the Mail Late Stewart Declares Postal Service Deteriorating By CHARLES P STEWART A S H IN GTON CPA The postal service is becoming so bad that its badness is attracting at tention in con gress Sugg estions are made that it needs investi gating There is no dispute that it is bad awful Everyone who tries to depend on it meaning everyone says so Post office workers say so more emphatically than anyone else From as far back as I can re member until the end of the ad ministration of Postmaster Gen eral Harry S New it was a service which improved steadily It began to deteriorate with the advent of Postmaster General Walter F Brown By the end of his term t had reached a point where many folk said it could not be worse They were mistaken It has con tinued to degenerate aplenty un der the auspices of Postmaster General James A Farley Whats the Matter Whats the matter with it I asked President Luther C Stew ard of the National Federation of Federal Employes once himself a postal worker he answered it is the result of an attempt to transform what ought to bf a public entitled to be course as economically as z moneymaking enterprise at least an institution able to break even And it has been required to meet a lot of charges that never should have been assessed against Subsidies Have Hurt For continued Stew ard the government trying to build up an American merchant fleet has paid enormously to our shipping companies for mail carry of dollars a letter airplanes have been similarly supported I do not say that these allow ances were unwarranted but they should have been classified as sub chalked up against the postoffice department Government mail is franked by the ton This may be justifiable but the postoffice department alone should not be expected to bear the financial burden of transporting Hold Bovvn Expenses In the face of all these went on the federal employes spokesman the department has been called on to hold down ex penses efficiency methods have been resorted to They look all right on paper but they disregard the human Mail carriers hours were cut from 44 hours weekly to 40 The department undertook to absorb this difference without much in crease in personnel The individual carrier had his route added to two or three times a wasnt familiar with the names and ad dresses of his new occasional cus tomers Sorted in Transit In my day in the service mail was sorted in transit Now it is delivered bodily at terminals leaving local staffs to do the Airmail isnt all that it is cracked up to be com plained Steward If it has good luck it comes rapidly But suppose the weather is bad Then it is grounded It be comes delayed not preferred mail After which the carrier on a strange route gums his deliver ies In my office building we ten ants sort our mail among ourselves after we get Does Not Interfere Seniority said Luther have been very strictly observed under the Farley regime Promotions have been excep tionally free from political influ It has been asserted that Post master General Farley his atten tion distracted by his political du ties has contributed by his ne glect to the mail services degen eration Mv rejoined Lu theSteward has been that the less a cabinet member butts into his departmental affairs but leaves them to experts to attend to the Cherokee Contest to Be Heard on May 10 CHEROKEE for a hearing on evidence in the elec tion contest filed by A J Nord strom former mayor against Mayor J A McDonald has been set for May 10 McDonald de feated Nordstrom by 13 votes in the recent city election OF CANADIAN STRIKE SEEN Circuit Court Rules Against Social Security JOB INSURANCE HELP FORAGED CALLED INVALID Two of Three Judges Hold Against Provisions as Third Dissents BOSTON UnitecL States circuit court of appeals Fri day ruled unconstitutional both the unemployment insurance tav provision and the old age assist ance provision of the social secur ity act Two of the three justices held the provisions illegal Both provisions of the act had been challenged by George P Davis a public utility stockholder The court in ruling the unem ployment insurance tax unconsti tutional said the issue is not what powers congress ought to have to meet conditions as viewed by the excutive and legislative branches of the government but what powers are vested in con gress under the constitution The supreme court through a long se ries of opinions has defined those powers and the limitations upon them If the constitution as con strued through the year requires amendments to meet new condi tions the way is provided Judges Scott Wilson and James M Morton held the provisions unconstitutional Judge George H Bingham handed down a dis senting opinion in both instances The decision holding titles eight and nine unconstitutional reversed those of Federal District Judge George C Sweeney a Roosevelt appointee and formerly an assist ant U S attorneygeneral Judge Sweeney in separate decisions held the provisions valid and for the general welfare The cases reached the circuit court on appeals by Davis HURRY TO FINISH COURT HEARINGS Senate Group Goes Without Lunch To Vote Saturday on Ending Sessions WASHINGTON UP The senate judiciary committee worked under pressure and with out luncheon Friday to speed con clusion of public hearings on President Roosevelts judiciary re organization program Witnesses testified both for and against the plan With President Roosevelt con tinuing silence on his attitude to ward proposals the committee prepared for a show down vote Saturday on a motion to close the hearings immediately Chairman Henry F Ashurst determined to complete a heavy schedule of pro and con testimony kept the committee in session through the luncheon period One of Authors Judge William Denman of the ninth federal district San Fran cisco said to be one of the au thors of the court bill defended the measure as for the protection of the judge as much as to procure efficiency Denman referred to the possi bility of improving procedure by enlargement of the supreme court the gross mismanagement of federal court business and the denial of justice due to the fatigue of overworked judges Bishop James E Freernsr of the Episcopal church opposed Ihe court bill as likely to increase the danger of lawlessness due to disrespect for judicial authority Brookhart for Bill Dr Wallace C Calver of the Methodist Episcopal churchact Indianapolis said the bill created danger that a future government would regulate the church by law or creation of a state church Former Senator Smith W Brookhart of Iowa supported the bill on the ground that preme court has annulled most of the mild laws designed to help solve farm problems of the na tion He presented a brief in sup port of the court bill in behalf of the National Lawyers guild Workers Strike to Get Afternoon Tea LONDON build ing workers employed Trollope and Colls conrpany struck Friday in protest against an order forbidding them to have their afternoon tea Admits That He Violated Wagner Law Manager of One of Biggest Kentucky Coal Firms Heard in Probe TVAiHirTGTON man ager of one nf the largest coal companies ir Harian county informed jenate investigators Friday cihad ben violating the national lubor act ever sinca 4s The Bassham of the Coal company testifying before the LaFollette civil liberties ommittee added however nat ne intended now to bandon use of what he called the Bellow dog as a result OL tha supreme courts recent de cisions the act v iv ri0s the company started operation said it had required is employes to sign such con tacts themselves not to jcin any U ion or attempt to bar gain collectively Violation of Act The Wasner act guarantees to workers right of collective bargaining Bsssham agreed with commit tee Chairman LeFollette that the yellow dog con tracts were ii violation of the la bor act which was more than a year ago Bassham snid he had never read it and addeO that his lawyer Dan ie Boone is also attorney for the never called it to his a tention The bald coal operator he paid about 20 per of his payrollin scrip redeemable value only at company stores and a few other Owns Quarter Interest His wife owns a quarter interest in such a store he added and re ceives annual dividends of 170 per cent on her investment Thais a pretty good he conceded in response to La Follettss questioning Earlier the senate investigators received evidence that Sheriff Theoclore Middletor of Harian has made a similar profit from iiis investment in a com pany The committee also received ev idence Friday that the high sher iff of tie county had appointed a long lijit of iaw enforcement of ficers with criminal records Brothevcf Sheriff From Kentucky court records and from Sheriff Theodore Mid dleton himself the members of the LaFollette civil liberties commit tee also drew forth testimony that others of the countys scores of deputy shenffs often had been charged breaking the law Figuring in the evidence was the name of olemp Middleton brother of tbe sheriff Records showed a Harian circuit court once characterized him as a man of violence and lawless The same court observed the record disclosed that many of the 800 criminal on its dockets in 1934 involved members of the Middleton family which is one of the largest families in Havlan AntiLynching BilL The committee submitted rec ords to the effect that 30 of Mid dletons deputies had served sen tences in Kentucky state prisons and three had been convicted on federal charges Fourteen deputies now in active service in the county LaFollette said had served prison sentences Southern senators p r e p a r e states rights arguments against the Gavagan antilyncbing bill which passed the house 277 to 119 Thursday night after heated sec tional debate The measure would provide fines and imprisonment par ticipants in mob violence and for officers who permit prisoners to escape their custody and be in jured or put to death LOOK INSIDE FOR L MENCKEN Says Newspapers Must Employe Showmanship PAGE 2 Iowa Asks CoOperation in Use Tax Collection PAGE 8 Dixie Willson to Speak at QuillScroll Dinner PAGE 11 Hawkeye Coaches Heard Iowa Crowd PAGE 9 WORLD WHEAT PRICES TUMBLE Chicago Market at Times Off 5 Cents Limit for One Day CHICAGO prices of wheat took the worst tumble in recent years Friday Wheat at Chicago at times broke 5 cents limit al lowed in one day while Liverpool and Rotterdam values were off as much as 7 and 9 centsre spectively Buenos Aires wheat quotations plunged almost 5 cents a bushel on top of Thursdays break of equal proportions At Winnipeg wheat also tumbled the 5 cents limit a drop of 10 cents in two days Veteran traders here said it has been several years since wheat has lost value so quickly on such world wide proportions They attributed the heavy sell ing here as well as in other world markets partly tothe general de clinsiri commodity markets and to some revision in traders ideas as to wheat demand following the slowing up of export takings by European countries Cables flowing into the grain pits indicated urgent offerings of southern hemisphere wheat r sale had brought general liquida tion of speculative holdings throughout the world When wheat for May delivery in Chicago plunged to a bushel at Fridays opening it showeda loss of almost 8 cents in two days and was 15 cents below the 8 year peak which was established scarcely more than a week ago Polish Papers Whfch Link Pola Negri and Hitler Suppressed WARSAW papers defying an unofficial quest not to print stories roman tically linking thenames of Chan cellorHitler of Germany and Poia Negri Polish star of silent motion pictures were suppressed by the Although no official order tres issued newspapers were made understand such reports were and when the Kurjfs Codzienny and the Agenda Agrv ria persisted in reprinting suh stories from British the government took The Weather FORECAST IOWA Showers probable Friday night and Saturday not so cool in central and east por tions Friday night cooler in extreme northwest portion Fri day night cooler Saturday MINNESOTA Probably stowsrs Friday night and Sat urday except cloudy to partly Cloudy Saturday In west por tion not so cool in cast slight ly cooler in extreme cooler Saturday In south portion IN MASONXLTY weather figures for 24 hour period ending atJS oclock Friday morning 54 Decrees Minimum In Night 39 Degrees At 8 A M Friday 41 Dcprecs Precipitation Trace VESSELS FLYING AMERICAN FLAG TO BE STOPPED Spanish Insurgents Led by Mola Launch Big Push Against Bilbao By THE ASSOCIATED PKESS Merchant ships flying the United States flag will be forced to submit to examination in Span ish waters officials of the neu trality committee disclosed Friday American ships will have to prove their papers are in order but they will not be searched The in spection will guard against ships of other nations masquerading un der the Stars and Stripes to slip past the international blockade with contraband cargoes The blockade to enforce the hands off Spain committees em bargo against further foreign arms and men has been ordered to start at midnight of next Monday April 19 It will be composed of British French German and Italian war vessels Plan Rigid Controls Merchant shipping destined for Spanish ports under flags of the 27 nations on the committee will be subjected to rigid controls Rules for United States shipping will apply to all nonmember na tions The civil war front shifted back to the Bay of Biscay where insur gent forces under Gen Emilio Jor push against famished Bilbao cap ital of the autonomous Basque province The attacking army regained the heights of Mount Saibi in a rout of government forces whose losses in a panicstricken retreat were estimated at from 700 to of an army of Hold Mountain Peak Possession of the mountain peak in the barrier range south of Bil bao gave the insurgents consoli dated positions only miles from the gateway city on the Basque plains Durango itself only 16 miles southeast of Bilbao At Madrid government artil lery repelled two desperate insur gent attempts to repair the Man zanaresriver bridgewhich links the Casa de Campo park on Ma drids west side with iso lated insurgents in University City TRUCE ALLOWS BOTH SIDES TO BURY DEAD MADRID touce be tween loyalist and nationalist forces in the El Pardo sector just north of Madrid was put into ef fect Friday to enable both sides to bury their dead before continuing with the battle It was the first trace requested during the Spanish civil war army reports said The nationalist commander asked loyalists for a touce when the bodies became so numerous that they interfered with fighting Loyalist officers immediately granted the request and both sides ceased firing Fighting in other sectors around the capital continued The weather was clear and sunny SLAYSHHAN AND THEN SELF Hump Backed Truck Driver Who Killed Sweetheart Dies of Wound SIOUX CITY Mike Chvala 45 humpbacked truck driver who lulled his sweetheart Thursday night died Friday from a self inflicted bullet wound The murdervictim of the double tragedy was Mrs Edith Theodora Thornberg 27 who operated a ho tel here jointly with Marge An derson According to Miss Anderson Chvala came to the hotelThurs day night and asked to see Mrs Thornberg for a few Two hours later guests in the hotel heard pistol shots Mrs half nude body was sprawled across the bed A bullet had pierced her brain killing her instantly Chvala hadshot himself through the temple He was rolling on the floor half under the bed when police arrived Thornberg was an attrac tive auburn haired woman Friends had never seen her hus band nor heard her talk about A search of Chvalas room dis closed no motive for the slaying Senate in More Liberal Mood Than House Was as It Works on Budget Bill DES MOINES In a more liberal mood than the house was when it voted the economy bud get bill the Iowa senate worked on the measure Friday and com pleted action on about onethird of the 65 sections Thus far the senate has ap proved increases totaling over amounts granted by the house in the proposal The bill before the senate as pre pared by the upper chambers ap propriations committee would ap propriate about more yearly than the house allotted The largest increase granted by the senate Friday morning was for the bacteriological laboratory at the University of Iowa Where the house bill provided the senate voted for an appropria tion of Hold Closed Session The vote came after a closed session lasting nearly an hour Senator John W Billingsley R of Newton who sponsored the in crease said the amount would equal approximately the cost of running the laboratory and would eliminate the bookkeeping of the former practice of charging fees to state institutions for analysis work Senators said that with the new appropriation fees which were charged private individuals might be used for educational work The senate has a number sec tions to study before it reaches the expected fight over appro priations for the University Iowa and other state educational Changes1 from the Tiouse bill which the senate1 voted Friday included the following increases Board of chiropractic examiners embalmers examiners S330 historical department his torical society Decreases were Geological health department House Has Sit The Iowa house went on a one hour sit down strike Friday Hopelessly involved with a call of the house and a multitude of motions objections and points of order as a virtual party lineup de veloped behind a move to kill pending truck revenue legislation Speaker La Mar Foster told the house it bad just as well sit The complex situation revolved around a motion by Representa tive Milton Strickler R of Des Moines to table F 532 one of two truck revenue bills which in cludes provision for a yearly allo cation of for farmto market roads It also had a throwback to the veto of a farmtomarket road bill by Governor Kraschel after the house amended it to divert pri mary road funds Try to Delay Vote As Stricklers motion was intro duced democratic house leaders sought delay oh a final vote mov ing at the same time to bring up for immediate consideration the fish and game bill The ensuing battle of motions and parliamentary citations lasted for an hour during which both re publicans and democrats jockeyed for strength At one time Representative Chester L Johns D of Ottumwa was the only absentee Ill and con fined to his hotel room Johns fin ally was excused from the call which the parliamentary experts With everyone in the midst of house to do with the white elephant So use a Globe Gazette Want Na tional Want Ad Week which begins Saturday April 17 to April 24 can enjoy the bargain of 8 inser tions for theprice of in sertions for the price of 3 Just callthe Ad Taker at 3800 held was a bar to consideration of anj other legislation Move by McEnaney Coupled with the call and the myriad of motions was a move by Representative M J McEnaney D of Mason City which chal lenged the validity of action by the house on truck legislation He contended that the subject matter was coveredin the motor vehicle act now before the gov ernor and could not be reconsid ered The speaker ruled the chal lenge out of order An hour later forces behind the fish and game bill finally brought about a suspension of the first call and another added by repub lican members and that hill was immediately taken up Before doing so however Strickler renewed his motion and demanded a vote but the speaker directed immediate action on the game act which rewrites sections of the law recently thrown oat by a supreme court decision Motion Before House The speaker announced at the same time that he would place Stricklers motion before the house immediately upon disposi tion of the fish and game bill The house waded through a score of amendments to the mea sure before noon and made only one major change It was to limit to 10 days in stead of 30 the annualopen sea son on quail The limitation would notapply to Lee county where Representative Phil Roan of Tort quail are theameridinent Rep resentative F A Latehaw R of attention to the heavy inroad on Iowas birds by the recent severe winters Quail Hunting Another amendment adopted would exclude Clarke Wayne Union Ringgold and Decatur counties from these counties opened for quail hunting sought unsuccess fully to amend the act to permit the spearing of fish in the Mis sissippi and Cedar other Iowa inland streams during the months of December January and February when he said thou sands of fish die He also tried in vain to amend the act to permit the use of throw lines declaring the law was open ly ignored and violated in this re spect They are used now all along the Cedar river and the game wardens dont he told the house Mason City Group Representatives said more than half of the house members had received telephone calls from their county boards of supervisors Thursday afternoon urging them to fightthe truck tax bill After ridding their quarters of lobbyists and the crowd of curious persons always on hand to ob serve the legislature many house members became informal re moved their coats and spent a comfortable afternoon The houses action brought loud protests from delegations from Mason City Sioux City and other points who had come in to take a look at the assembly in action Some of them felt their disap pointment less keenly however when they found the senate was working on the budget bill in open SHOOTlfOUT WITH 3 GMEN Two Suspects Escape After Wounding Federal Agent in Topeka TOPEKA UP Two men believed to be New York bank robbers shot it out with three Gmen Fridayin the lobby of the Topeka postoffice and es Federal Agent W W Baker was woundedseriously and tine of the suspects was bit twice A bystander was wounded slightly Thesuspects wsre reported to be Alfred Power alias Louis Moore 39 sought in connection with the robbery of a bank at Ka tonah N and one Rudolph Brinker Thd information was that Powerleft New York and caine west until the heat was offin the east His was said did not figure in the bank robbery The fight started when they called at the general delivery win dow of the postoffice for a letter They escaped in a car bearing a New York license REPORI UNIONS CHIEFS TO TELL MEN TO RETURN Work May Resume Monday in Oshawa Plants Mar tin Take Charge OSHAWA Oat Cana dian Press Friday it had learned on good authority that au tomobile union officials conf er ring here on the strike of General Motors of Canada work ers would advise the men to re turn to work Monday pending an agreement with the company Officials of the Oshawa local union of the United Automobile Workers of Aroarica met with Homer Martin president of the International union and with Hugh Thompson union organizer Friday afternoon Martin came here Friday from Detroit A mass meeting was to follow at which proposals were to be placed before the strikers If the strikers agreed to the proposals the Canadian Press said they would return to work Monday and efforts to reach an agreement be tween the unions and the company would continue Requests of Company The Canadian Press said these requeststhen would be placed be fore the company 1 Any agreement to be made to be with all plants involving General Motors in Canada Osha wa Windsor where a stoppage of production has riorced 500 men out of work and McKinnon Indus tries General Motors sub sidiary at Saint 2 Recognition of the local union No 222 U A W by the company 3 Seniority rights for workers 4 Establishment of a grievance committee by the company Martin took personal charge of the union moves to settle the strike ignoring apparently On tarios C I O opposing premier Hepburns Plans Spoiled Martins arrival apparently put an end to Premier Mitchell Hep burns plans to settle the strike by an agreement between repre sentatives of the strikers and Gen eral Motors of Canada with out the interference of interna tional union representatives Martin said be had no intention of talking with Hepburn while the premier said he would not meet Martha or any other John L Lewis Hepburn who hfes avowed to keep Lewis foreign agitators out of Ontario had invited repre sentatives of the Oshawa local U A W Motors of Canada to meet in his office at 10 a rn No One Shows Up No one showed up at the pre miers office at that hour how ever Hepburn toldreporters the Oshawa Union Stewards were meeting to decide whether to ac cept the invitation There were in dications here that it might be ig nored General Motors in the United General Motors in Canada are one Mar tin said This statement followed an an nouncement by Martin and Gen eralr Motors officials in Detroit Thursday night that the Oshawa strike would have to be settled in Canada What will be your demands he was askd Will you continue to demand recognition of the union for which ttio men went on strike Matter of Negotiation Well skip he said ap parently referring tothe question to the matter of union recog nition What wago increases will you demand We are seeking a settlement of the Martin said Whatwe are demanding will be a matter of Asked about Mayor Alex C Hallsultimatum demanding a sympathetic strike in United States plants of General Motors Martin said The mayor Js not an expert in labor relations I dont think he jpretends to be He is well inten tioned perhaps but he doesnt speak for the International WIRELESS OPERATORSEND STRIKE By The Associated Press Industry continued to run a la bor fever botiin the United States and Canada rriday Settlementof Seamen and Wireless Operators strike which had threatened to tie up 17 ships in New Yori was balanced by a sudden walkout ofbus drivers and operators toAkron residents without transportation service Workers fnd employers alike speculated on the possibility of the sit down technique being replaced ;