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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 15, 1946, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HISTORY ARCHIVES ocs KOINES u VOL LU Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Five Cents a Copy One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO Mason City Sunday p m Ames Wednesday p m tVSUI Iowa City Wednesday p m WIAD Qulner 111 Saturday 0 p m MidWest Through a Britons Eyes THE JACKET a 350 page v book just off the University Chicago Press Midwest at Noon the author Graham Hut ton is referred to as a modern Bryce And that strikes me as being an extremely apt character ization Mr Ilutton is Englishborn and Englishreared With the clouds of war lowering he foresook a career as jouraiist and educator and came to America for the British ministry of information Before being assigned to head up the Chicago regional office of that agency he traveled exten sively in our country visiting all but 2 of our 48 states For 5 years the middle west was his oyster During that time he visited every important city and scores of towns and hamlets In all he traveled more than 100000 miles region during the war in our years TMIE LONGER I lived there he observes in a foreword seem see us the more I became convinced that the midwest and its people were largely unknown widely misinterpreted and greatly mis understood I felt all this strong ly enough to write the book which follows Brycc Mr Hutton recalls In tended to write a separate study of the great west But he never got around to it A Bryce is needed more today than ever to tackle so vast and absorbing a task he adds And with this he launches into a complete and forthright apprais al of the numerous significant aspects of the region between the great plains on the west and the Allegheny mountains on the east the MasonDixon line on the south and the Canadian border on the north TF THERES profit Ii ourselves as ithers midwesterners indeed have much to gain from a perusal of this volume written in a delightfully informal and readable style Then theres the added value of having our region set right in the eyes of the world at large which has misunderstood us Although Mr Huttbn doesnt hesitate to point to the spavins on the creature about which he writes his approach is uniformly friendly He obviously is im pressed by the fact that here in less than 5 generations men have wrought a civilization from the ivilderness with a rapidity un precedented in human history In a review as brief as this must be I can no more than hit some of the highlights of the story Even if I could 1 wouldnt wish to make this little sketch a sub stitutefor reading the book To the contrary my hope is that I shall be able to create in more than a few readers an appetite MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY APRIL 15 1946 Tills Paper Consists o Two No 161 RIVE ON MEAT BLACK MARKET House Sends Draft Holiday Bill to Senate MEASURE BANS u s Nabs 7 OF TEENAGE BOYS Suspends All Inductions Until Oct 15 Limits Size of Armed Forces fP Legislation extending the draft law from May 15 of this year to next February 15 but prohibiting any inductions before Oct 15 was passed Monday by the house and sent to the sen ate Passage was by a roll call vote of 290 to 108 The bill also prohibits the in duction of any 18 or 19 year olds limits the size of the armed forces restricts service of inductees to 18 mouths and permits the president to reinstate inductions after Oct 15 if necessary Prior to the roll call only one recording how a mem ber voted on any the questions faced during consideration of the motion to recommit the legislation to committee was rejected by a shouting house The senate military committee has approved a measure to ex tend the draft a year beyond May 15 without any draft holiday The house debated the bill Fri day and Saturdas The actual form of the exten sion undoubtedly will be decided by a senatehnuse conference committee In this connection Rep Sparkman dem ocratic whip and a member of the chambers military committee said that should the senate follow the house pattern it would be better for the president to veto it than sign it into law Theiudderidesife for aroll call vote on final passage inthe house was interpreted by many mem bers as indicating a general desire to get on the record in favor of extending the draft law Nazi Spies in Far East Shanghai axis na tionals whom U S investigators said were the remnants of a once powerful nazi spy network which continued to operate in the orient 4 months after Germanys surren der were arrested Monday This culmination of months of intensive work by U S officers was one of the most important roundups of International figures yet conducted in the far east They included 1 Germans 2 Italians and 1 Japanese All are charged with war crimes activities hostile to the United States They presumably will be tried in China although it was predicted earlier that they would be returned to Germany on the ship leaving June 15 with German repatriates Investigators however said there were sufficient wit nesses in China to testify against them Lt Col Ludwig Ehrhardt alias Eisentraeger and Count SO was identified as leader of the group Marine Capt Frank Far rell of New York City who was on his trail since early September said Ehrhardt was a personal friend of Hitler and chief of the nazi fifth column sent into the Balkans in the late 30s Americanauthorities said that so far not a single agent has been able to escape and added that ar rests OE other smaller fry might be expected later The men were called Monday morning before Lt Col Jeremiah Occoner Washington D C of the China theater judge advocate of fice for routine questioning When they were gathered mili tary police called the hustled them off to jail for the volume to be sated the earliest possible perusal by A AS YOU move ahead page by page youre going to be impressed as I was by the fol lowing Mr Hutton is not favorably im pressed by midwest climate He regards it as a cross between Si beria and by winter Singapore by summer Mr Jlutton points out that emi gration toour region in its pioneer days was largely along lines of Englauflcrs and New Yorkers to our northern states Virffinians to Missouri southern Illinois and Kentucky Mr Hutton points out that in the days of original settlement agriculture was predominant leading to a way of life which was at once selfsufficient and cooperative in the sense of neighborliness With the coming of industry and cities on the large scale this entire pattern was altered Our rural life persists distinctively al though changed by transportation and communication but life in our cities is substantially the same as city life elsewhere in America TUTOST AMERICANS he ob 1V1 serves think 50 years ago is old a century antique and a century and a half ancient No people in the world so ignores its own newness its own youth the recentness of everything and the effects of all this In nothing is this more striking to the visitor than in the parallel simultaneous and the current contrast between life in the midwest cities and life on the farms For understandable reasons ac cording to this Briton midwest ern farmers harbor an irtsraincd suspicion against their city neigh bors as well as against easterners and all foreigners Agricultural development in the middle west he points out has been just the reverse of agricul tural development in Europe In CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Only about 815000 acres in Arizona are under cultivation and them are irrigated Hope Serum Will Save Life of 2Year Old Tot in Iowa Council Bluffs Matuska played with his toy rabbit in a hospital here Monday unaware that unless a new serum with which he is being treated proves effective his 3rd birthday April 25 may be his last A quantity of the scrum was flown here from California Friday to treat a kiflney disorder with which Frankie has been afflicted for 18 months The disease cplirosis has allowed the albumin to escape from his blood stream The part of the blood seeps into the I abdominal cavity and has to be before lts ettect drained out The treatment consists of in jections of concentrated human albumin which replaces the plas ma of the blood as a water car rier Frankies physician Dr Aileen Mathiasen said this treatment is the only thing that might help him Several days may elapse is noted how has lived with his ever Frankie grandmother 67 year old Mrs Bessie Conyers since he was 6 months old His mother is dead Citizens of Council Bluffs aided by others in southwest Iowa and eastern Nebraska have raised a fund of more than to help pay for the treatments NEW OFFICERS OF FFANew lenders of the Future Farmers of America elected Saturday at the convention in Cedar Rapids are seated left to right Jack Hanson IS Hudson reporter Ted Green 18 Castalia Postville president James Gatchel is Garner secretary and Wilmer Frevold 1G Garner vice president Standing left to right vice presidents Dan Kitelman 17 Manchester Norman Annan 17 Clannda John Wolme 17 Mt Pleasant and Don Brcnvnlee 17 Chariton AP Wirephoto ran to Take harge Out of UN Council New York Tehran that Irans ambassador ere lias been instructed to with nations complaint gainst Russia Monday promised nollier angry Big 3 row in the nited Nations security council The announcement was made y the government spokesman rice Mozatfar Firoux who re ealed tliat Russia lias given Iran rcsh assurances that the with rawal of the red army will be omplctcd by May 6 He said that the instructions to mbassador Hussein Alii were ispalclied immediately after tlic enewed assurances from Russia unday Iranian ambassador Alas aides eclinecl to say whether the new istructions had been received U N Secretary General Trygve lie had received no request from Ua to withdraw the Iranian case y late morning Nor had he re cived any word from Ala timt he ntencied to do so Earlier Hussein Ala had re eived instructions to tell the China Reds Government Troops Fight Strikes At a Glance Mariclnma A battle for Changchun was under way Monday between Chinese gov ernment and communist forces The communists launched an at tack Sunday 2 hours before the filial withdrawal of soviet occupa tion forces from this Manchurian capital The communists already TiHd gained control of all 3 air ifelds in this vicinity and sifted into the city from the suburbs Gunfire has been constant for the past 10 hours The communists were making determined attacks from the north northwest and south They began shortly before Russian Maj Gen Fedor Karlov left aboard his 2car 2locomotivc special train for Har bin By oclock Sunday night the communists had captured the main northwest airfield cutting off aerial supplies for the small Chi nese government garrison The government forces already were short of ammunition FRANKIE MATUSKA 2 With Toy Rabbit AP Wircsholo Ranch Bead Dies Kingsville Tex Caesar Kleberg 72 vice president and manager of the vast King Ranch Inc in south Texas died here Sunday He had been in ill health several months Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Clearing and cooler Monday night with light to heavy frost Lowest tempera ture Monday night 28 Tuesday fair and a little warmer Iowa Clearing and cooler Monday night with light to heavy frost Freezing temperatures north portion Tuesday generally fair and a little warmer Minnesota Clearing and colder Monday night Tuesday fair and warm IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at B oclock Monday morning Maximum 72 Minimum 35 At 8 a m Monday 43 By UNITED PRESS Strikes shutdowns in labor disputes kept 650000 workers idle across the country The major disputes FARM The first of 30000 International Harvestei workers returned to work after settlement of the 85 day old strike Negotiations between United Mine workers and mine op workers and mine op erators stalemated or royalty provision demands 4500 workers in 2 east coast sugar refineries relurn to work after companies agreed to wage settlements Negotiations between CIO Electrical workers unioi and Westinghouse Electric in SI day old strike continuing Monday Alert Police as TeenAged Hoodlums Riot in Montana Buile Mont available police were alerted Monday to prevent further vandalism and rioting by gangs of teenaged hood lums which has resulted m serious injury to 2 youths and thousands of dollars worth of damage to homes The disturbances were connected authorities believed to the 0 day strike by the CIO Mine Mill and Smellermeiis union agains iJay after rejecting a contract of feringr wage increases of a flay Federal Labor Conciliator Rob ert Williams pleaded for an end to the rioting and warned that it already has endangered a peace ful settlement of the strike His appeal came after a 16 year old boy identified as James Gui doni was taken to the hospital critically injured from a shot in the back which he received while walking down the street Sunday night On Saturday nijfhf Raymond Butala 14 was wounded in the eye by fragments of glass and lead causnl by a bullet which crashed through a window of the automobile in which he was rid ing with his parents Physicians feared he would suffer partial blindness in one eye In the 2 nights 14 homes were damaged in widespread depreda tions by gangs of boys and girls some of whom rode through the streets on trucks The damage ranged from broken windows to actual invasions in which furni ture was splintered with axes Witnesses said a crowd of more than 3000 persons gathered Sun day night in the Silver Bow dis trict 2 miles east of Butte to watch the angry gangs enter and ransack G homes Authorities were reluctant to YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum disclose the full details ot the vandalism but they indicated that the homes attacked belonged to Anaconda employes still working in the mines At least one looted in the Silver Bow district definitely was established as that of an Anaconda engineer 48 33 GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 o clock Sunday morning Maximum 75 Minimum 47 At 8 a m Sunday 59 YEAR AGO Maximum 52 Minimum 31 Read The Message from United States Army Recruiting Service on Page 2 Wants Violet Frostino CJ on Cake for Easter Boston agitated voice on the telephone asked the Boston museum of fine arts What colors should I mix to get purple An expert replied Take red and blue paint But Im not mixing paint the called interrupted Im baking an Easter cake and I want to use a violet frosting strong mitigatin were found in th California is the 2nd largest state in the union with a total land area of 15P 80f souare miles SENTENCE JAPS TO HARD LABOR Shanghai Japanesi officers charged with war crime in connection with the execution of 3 of the Doolittle airmen here in 1942 were sentenced to 5 year at hard labor Monday A 4th de fendant was s at hard labor The 5 man military commission which heard the trial blamec higher governmental and military officials for the executions in ex plaining the surprisingly igh sentences Those sentenced were Lt Gen Shugeru Sawada former com mander of the Japanese 1st army Capt Sofojiro Nateufa commander of the Kiangwan mi itary prison where the flyers wer held and Capt Kusei Wako an Lt Ryuhei Okada of the court martial board which condemnec the 3 to death Unusually considerations case the commission said in ob serving that the defendants mere ly obeyed orders from higher off cials in the military and govern ment and exercised no initiatu to any marked degree The Americans for whose the Japanese were tried were Lt Dean E Hallmark Dallas Texas Lt William G Farrow Darling ton S Car andSgt Harold A Spatz Lebo Kans all of whom were captured when their plane crashed on the China coast after the first American air raid on Tokyo in April 1942 State Income Tax Shows Average Drop DCS Moines average state income tax return to date has yielded this year com pared to the average return of a year ago state tax com mission figures show The drop probably is due to the loss of war industry jobs alter VJ day commission officials said Ordinarily about 56000000 is collected by the commission year ly in state income axes t ouncil that Iran believes Russia vill keep its promise to get out o ran by May 6 ISut the new showdown ivitl Lussia already is overshadowed y preliminary diplomatic nianeu eriiig over Franco Spain During lie councils cooling off recess incc last Tuesday there has been n intensive buildup for a crucia est later this week over Polands barges against Franco Spain The council faced angry debate m both cases And the results i probably vail find the war ime big 3 split Sovie Jmon on one side and the Unite State and Britain on the othe although Russia lias more stippor tor action against Franco Spai Jian on any other issue ev brought before the council WyattDrafts More Control for Housing Washington Bos Wilson W Wyatt is drafting fur her construction controls designe o put more new homes on th market bearing price tags of SGOQ or less Officials in a position to knoi said Monday the national housin administrator expects o establis area quotas which will requir hat a certain percentage of home n each region be built to sell a less than S10000 the ceiling generally in effect These officials who withhel use of their names said the quota will be biised on building cosl in each area Under a preliminary plan sub ject to revision the system woul work something like this If NHA found that onethird o all new homes aulhorized in certain area were scheduled to se for or under it might rule that in the future 50 per cent of all authorizations shoul d be in that price category If 20 per cent were being built to sell at from to 37500 this might be boosted to 30 per cent and so on The aim will be to build as OPA RESTORES QUOTA SYSTEM FOR SLAUGHTER FBI Will Investigate False Claims for Government Subsidies Washington govern enjjAUHched 2 new attacks on he meat black market Monday 1 The OPA announced it will estorc another wartime slaughter quota system to get a ictter distribution of 2 The FBI was ordered to look nto reported false claims for gov ernment subsidies by some pack rs buying at Mack market prices contrary to the subsidy rcgula ions Congress was told by a big 4 lacker official that his firm was lard put to buy cattle within fed eral price ranges and the situation hreatened to destroy the position of all legitimate slaughterers OPA and tlie agriculture de partment in a joint statement said a slaughter quota system will leput into effect to provide bet ter distribution of the countrys present meat supply through es tablished channels and at ceiling prices OPA said the program will re duce operations of certain slaughterers who have increased their slaughter greatly during re cent months This the agency added will make it impossible for established packers to obtain more livestock and thereby increase their pro duction to more nearly normal many homes for as much less than as possible but in each area some probably will continue to sell at the ceiling In areas where building costs are high the minimum sale range mifiht have to be say anrt under But the system would work the same way The announcement followed a justice department disclosure that the FBI has been directed to in vestigate reports that many pack ers have attempted to obtain gov ernment subsidies through false claims after buying live cattle at black market prices thus making it impossible for other packers to secure cattle lawfully Stating that the quota system will not reduce the total amount of livestock slaughtered OPA added Its sole purpose is to direct and divide livestock more equitably among established operators thus encouraging meat distribution through regular and legitimate channels The program will cover all com mercial slaughter of cattle calves and hogs No effective date was set but OPA said appropriate operating orders will be an nounced within the next few days The impending order will be the OPAs 3rd in the last few weeks designed to curb black market meat sales Previous regulations restored wartime controls on so called custom slaughtering and provided for reduction of subsi dies in cases ivhcre packers vio late ceiling prices The new program will restore a livestock channeling system which was withdrawn last September OPA said it will provide each legitimate slaughterer with an op portunity to slaughter the same proportion of the available supply of cattle calves and hogs as he slaughtered in 1944 OPA said slaughter percentages fixed under the new order will be higher than those used last year because more meat is now avail able for civilian consumption The agency said that since last September many slaughterers nave been killing several times their normal proportion of avail able livestock with the result that others found it difficult to obtain more than 30 to 60 per cent of their proportion HollywoodBound Girls Returned to Parents Chicago T wouldbe movie queens met a star but it was on Traffic Policeman T D Cunninghams blue coat Deloris Cribbs 9 and Mary Ann Morse 10 packed their clothes in shopping bags and set off on their bicycles for Hollywood After ped alling for 2 hours they reached the loop Policeman Cunningham told them Hollywood was the other way and called their parents in Silver Stored by MacArthur Tokyo than SlOOO 000 worth of 75 pound ingots cast from salvaged be moved under guard from the smelter to supreme hcadquartcrs stockpile of Japa nese wealth Tuesday Lt James Moore of the 1st divi sion announced Monday Announcement Effective Monday April 15 1946 theprice of The Globe Gazette to mail subscribers out side of Mason City and Clear Lake and within 100 miles of Mason City will be per year six months S425 three months 5225 one month 8Sc AH expenses in connection with publishing a newspaper have been advanced substan tially during the last four war years Jan 1 1946 tiie price of newsprint was increased a ton This was the fourth in crease amounting to a total of 400 since 1941 Wages are also materially higher and all ma terials and services used in pro duction of the newspaper have greatly increased The GlobeGazette will con tinue to publish a complete newspaper with full reports from The Associated Press and The United Press and with Associated Press Wirephotos as well as the many features to which our readers are ac customed ;