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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 15, 1941, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME H A R C V K H isr MEM ft r OEPT Of IOAA DES HOlNtS I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS TUIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS Liner Like City All by Itself EDITORS NOTE s another of a series of articles written by W Earl Hall Mason City GlobeGazette managing editor in the course of a tour through South America as one of a party of 12 guests of the Carnegie Endowment for Inter national Peace NUMBER 31 By EARL HALL ABOARD THE S S SANTA LUCIA OFF THE COAST OF CENTRAL CHILEIn a very real sense a modem ocean liner re sembles an American city The problems of looking after the comfort and welfare a passenger list of two ov three hundred p e r sons is singu larly like that of caring for the needs of the population of a municipal community Theres the problem of sup plying food and drink theres the problem of fire and traffic safelytheres the pvoblem of health and sanitation theres the problem of recreation Arent those the principal muni cipal problems of the average city in the United States If my comparison is well based Capt Duncan Cook is the mayor or city manager of this Grape line ship of 0500 gross tons and a dis placement of 1G700 tons On his staff are about a hundred and fif ty staff associates whose chief W EARLHALL MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT RACK GREEK 1ST LINE DEFENSE 4 DIE IN COAL MINE FIGHTS duty is to bring happiness to the professional comfort and lilc ships patrons And if thia trip is typical they succeed conspicuous ly well In response to a mere sugges tion that Idlike to know some thing about the vessel on which Im riding the always accommo dating skipper sat down and permed the following statistical matter The Santa Lucia can be steered manually or bv Sperry automatic steering device The navigation equipment includes a Sperry gyroscope compass rcff ular magnetic compasses elec tric fathometer radio direction tinder electric course recorder angle indicator and revolution counter radio equipment includes a long wave short wave auxiliary transmitter and an all wave re ceiver In case of emergency thc power for operating the radio equipment normally furnished by the main generators can be sup plied by batteries The ship is subdivided into 11 compartments Thc system of watertight doors can be controlled automatically from the bridge or locally The Santa Lucia is equipped with the latest firedetecting and firefighting system A firedetecting cabinet on the bridge connected by suction tubes gives immediate warning of firc in any part of the ship With the automatic equipment on hand it is possible to isolate flames in a limited area But statistics as well presented as these do not tell the whole story of the Santa Lucia They dont touch on the friendliness which one rinds in every member of the ship staff from cabin boy to captain They dont tell of the variety and tastiness thc food served in the great dining hall Another item not touched on by the captain is the ample swim ming pool at thc stern end of the ship thc wellequipped gymnasi um the shuffle board couvts the practice golf green the every other night movies the fine ship orchestra or the dance floor Thc individual passenger is given op portunity to choose his own mix ture of retreaiion and res Krillianl lights cast their beams on thc larsrc naintcd U S flags on cither side of thc vessel and atop tllc bridge is an even larger horizontal fiaff for identification from the air A daily newspaper printed on thc ship with editorial quarters in the radio room provides us with the high points of world news To day for example we learn a severe storm in Minnesota and North Dakota Its unexplainably strange how ever how even one whose bread and butter comes from the dis pensing of news becomes indiffer ent to contemporary world events when on board a ship Occasion ally somebody wonders if fateful April ice America enter an war But mostlv its LIS if we were living in world unto our selves BRITISHTROOPS ARE RUSHED TO EGYPT DEFENSE Soldiers From East African Front in Race With Axis Forces BY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS L O N D O h o u s a n d s of British imperial troops released from the East African front were reported hastening to the defense of Egypt Tuesday in a race with mechanized axis forces pushing from the west in a drive aimed at the Suez canal With the British garrison at To bruk Libya hemmed in by Ger man and Italian units which al ready have reached the Egyptian outpost of Salum thereno longer was any attempt here lo minimize thc seriousness of thc situation 3 Although public confidence in General Sir Archibald P Wa vell British middle east com mander appeared strong most observers agreed that he is facin a more difficult task than the one he accomplished only a few months ago when he drove the Italians out of Egypt This time they pointed out the British played a big part in blasting the Italians from positions along the North Afri be facing the Hopkins Put in Charge of LendLease WASHINGTON Roosevelt Tuesday formally placed his right hand man Harry L Hopkins m command of the lendleasc program of aid to dem ocracies In a letter to Secretary of the Ireasmy Henry Morgenthau Jr Mr Roosevelt terminated the liai son committee established Dec 6 1939 to coordinate foreign milj Americas tary purchases 01111 defense program Simultaneously he Hopkins to supervise purchase by all countries in the Icnd lease area The letter which tor thc first time gave Hopkins official status m the war aid program was not explicit m outlining the power bestowed upon him Purchasing operations by all countries in the lendlease area will be supervised by Harry Hopkins and such operations by 23 MORE HURT IN GDNFIRE IN S E KENTUCKY Bloodshed Comes With Blast of Bullets on Road Near Fork Ridge MIDDLESBORO Ky men were killed eight others were m hospitals and an estimated 15 designated lo 0 received medical treatment other countries which must can Jnclllg lit threat of hampering attacks from nazi dive bombers H From this distance the British posjtions around Matruh which Wavell made into a defensebas tion when the Italians threatened Egypt last fall appeared the jvj oy the department of state the presidents letter said Mr Roosevelts s e c ic t a r v Stephen T Early left no doubt however that Hopkins is being made supervisor of the waraid effort You wont go wrong on that Early replied when asked whether Hopkins wasbeing inade super vising agent for lendlease opera strongest barrier vancc on Egypt The torn approximately to the axis ad 130 ft Jiici itriy loU east of Salum is the west ern terminus of a railroad lead ing to Alexandria some 100 mite to further east The GermanItalian threat Alexandria and the Suez rai the possibility that Egypt thus tar a nonbelligerent might find herself at war any day tions Germans Say British Behavior Shameful BERLIN behav ior m Greece was castigated by authorized Germans Tuesday as the most shameful perpetrated en an crime ever ally These French Report Nazis Landed Troops by Air at Oasis of Kufra VICHY France Has landed troops by airplane at the Italian oasis of Kufra 150 miles inside the Libyan desert and may start a drive for the Nile to take the great Assouan dam mid to strike at Khartoum capital of the Sudan it was re ported in French Colonial circles The Germans were reported to have arrived at the big Italian military outpost of Djouf in the oasis in transport planes which also carried baby tanks for desert use A small force ot Free French troops had attacked the Kuira oasis but the Germans were re ported now to have a motorized detachment there to reinforce the Italians sources declared the Germa early Tuesday after gunfire in this southeast Kentucky soft coal field The dead C W Hhodcs 15 of Jlicldles boro president of the Fork Ridge Coal company and of the Ameri can association a combination of soft coal mining interests which founded Middlesboro E W Silvers Middlcsboro vice president and treasurer of the coal company Bob Robinson Taxwell Term former Tennessee highway pa Middlcsboro a a trolman Sam Kvans miner Iatrolmau Guy Harrell of Middlcsboro said Ihe shooting occurred just on the Kentucky side of Hie KentuckyTennessee line near this mountain town and followed a concentration of min ers from this adjoining counties where union miners have sought to stop all operations pending settlement of work contract negotiations hi tween the CIOUnited aime Workers and Coal Operators of the Appalachian field The bloodshed came with a blast of bullets on a road leading to the Fork Ridge Coal company mine harbors may mean that the Greeks llmu ahcady have planned a retirement which is about one mile inside the i tllc Mediterranean should Wedge 60 Miles Within Border YUGOSLAVIA Black arrows on this map indicate axis thrusts into TueiKlivi fr m the Ii ivT y ha a drive at Albania Realistic Strategy Must Be Faced by Greeks and British If Jugoslavs Stop Fighting By 1 W T United Press War Exp is reachedu lcl struggle here German report that empty transports in Greek MAKES FORCED LANDING IEFFEft command through luftwaVfe ro connoitcnng obtained indisputj lliFKEftSON a forced i h i weicl plane landing blamed uti high To n frm Haeley of lurch J slightly injured at Jefferson airport Monday S SANTA LUCIA AT VALPAUAISO CHILE Tennessee line Harrcll said motorcades ot min ers assembled here lUonday nifht and proceeded toward the mine which has worked throughout the stoppage of operations in adjoining Harlan county subsequent to the expiration of the unionoperator Appalachian contract April 1 Five men were killed in two sunshot affrays in Harlan coun ty on April 1 and Z as union minerpickets suujrht to enforce a stoppage cf mining there All Harlan mines since have sus pended operations under a truce arranRcmcnt sponsored by Gnv Keen Johnson Tennessee officers were notified when the automobile mri truck loads of men left here Monday night in the direction of the Fork i Pidge property HarrclJ sairi Deputy Sheriff C C Harmon of Clniborne county Tcnn placed the time of the gunfire at about 2 a m three hours before the day shift was o have reported for work at Fork Ridge Harmon said he was unable to determine at once what led o the shooting the iik the worst happen at home Hie present position of AjjgloGrcek forces may be cned somewhat reproduction of facing lie Brit ish and French cl u r i n g the German offen sive in the west last s p r i n g The Greek mountnins rep resent the French Migi not line while the German penetration of the Jugoslav passei s not dissimilar from the German thrust MASOX Greek slroigtl through casualties by fignting to Ihe end on Greek soil with no expectation o takin tnc offensive H In France when tiic necessity ikiiiff such a decision arose the French surrendered Had to make the same choice now 11 iterveniK condi tions bcmsr what they arc it is probable the French would have rcjcclcii capitulation and crossed to Nnrlli Africa The Greeks bnve shown such spicmbrl courage and mg spirit have not had their mor ale undermined by domestic dc propaganda a Kas ruc m rrnnce It would not be sur prising therefore if the Greek SAY ARMISTICE ASKED BY SERBS Official Quarters in Budapest Claim Request Made by Jugoslavia BUDAPEST Hungary fpOf ficinl quarters said Tuesday ihat Jugoslavia had asked for an arm istice Confidential information reach ing here government circles said was that Jugoslavia made the re quest to Germany Tuesday Noth ing has been published here how ever regarding the reported move across the Mouse wet of Sedan SnvcrnmenV werelr order i winch gave Adolf his ini Mediterranean relrci if the tai conrl llf c Immry allornativc becomes surrender here Ihe problem nwthern on powerful Hie trance New Defense From Larisa to loannina ATHENS panzer units drove a wedge through the western end of the main defense line in northern Greece the command disclosed Tuesday and cams to grips with British mo torized forces almost 50 niilcs insidc the Greek frontier The Sritisii columns are bat tling the nazi spearheads in the Region of Ptolemais after the Germans crasiied through to the south of the key town of Pbloiiia while other enemy units struck against the village of souia Hie junction of which is approximately fiQ miles msde the frontier The town of Sia isla 20 miles southwest ot I lolernais also was reported men aced The German advance ap peared lo be pushing toward the second line of defenses estab lished by the British and Greek forces rnmiiiifr from loannina to Larisa H The Creel high command also announced withdrawal of Crock forces from Koritxa whore they won major battle against the Italians in Albania and it was in dicatcd that almost all of the Creek gains in Albania were likelv to be relinquished as a rrsult of the new axis thinking attack from Ju oslavia The communique reported how ever that other points on the Al banian front were holding firm Athens headquarters of the British command in Greece said in a communique On the right ot the British im perial line several thrusts by ene my mechanized troops were re pulsed Elsewhere there was no contact with the enemy RAiDERHALTS AMERICAN LINER JERSEY CITY Wil lia Kuline master of the American Export liner Excambion said Tuesday that a ship he be lieved to be a German armed raider stopped the Excnmbion COO miles out of Lisbon on April 7 Thc Excambion docked litre Tuesday with 189 passengers in cluding 75 American citizens from Lisbon and Bermuda Tile ship left Lisbon April 5 Two days later Kuhnc said it was slopped by ait armed vessel de layed minutes and then ordered to proceed Kuhnc said the cambion boarded He believed the vessel was a German raider Ihe captain aiid because of liie procedure em ployed by its commander and be cause it did not resemble British ships RAF CLAIMS 22 NAZI PLANES IN LIBYA DOWNED More British Troops Move Into Position on OlympusIoannina Line UY UNITED 1KKSS G e r m a n ys i r m c d forces crumpled Ihe first allied defence hue ii Greece Tuesday blasted British and Greek troops back to ward the foot of fabled Mount Olympus and sen after of airplanes over the Athens area to bomb transports in the port of Piraens Two of Adolf Hitlers mcfh amzcd columns jjaccd by veteran bS troops stabbed with lightnin speed into each end of the thS dctensc line running across north ern Greece sliced through Brit ish motorized columns south of MiloniKi aticl north of Mount Olympus and cut a huge werltfc extending urj miles from the Ju goslu border lo the Aliakmou river near Sorvia in Greece As the British and Greeks sought o consolidate on their second line of defense tlic Ger man columns swiftly euttiiiff up the area they hail en circled and reported Ihe cap ture of both Kozanc an impor tant junction winch the Brit ish hail usen as an advance base and Plolcroais a Greek sources admitted the retirement of the mam Jme forces but said that heavy casualties had been in flicted on the Germans Athens repeated y reported that the Mtua on was favorable and l nazi troops were moin There were reports hi Rome and Budapest that the askuig for an armistice and scattere campaign was based pressure against the east and wings of the allies while the allied center held fasl The German purpose was to develop a semiencirclement tbreateninc SCJlcez thc enemy into surren der Similar tactics now arc an parcntly being uccl in Greece The renter of 1IC Aiijtlo Grcek line iccn mil Hie eastern am western f inks have been bendinglqck U is possible thai by thus short enme their curved front nc IJrilish and Greeks can concen fVfJ firc rricicnlly lr ilelv hC Gcrmans ndcfm of f M It is lloi known argo an AngloGreek licet 11 u 1 ILL I of Iransporls could be assembled at Greek ports but certainly the nuinoer is considerable Besides the Greeks space would have to be found for such British troops as were not left behind to cover the retirement In any event n large army undoubtedly coulrl be moved across the Medi terranean X It would be erroneous lo liken such a maneuver to the British iclicat at Dunkirk The Dunkirk back Authorized military and diplo matic quarters in Berlin denied any knowledge of a Jugoslav arm istice request and informed sources in London declared the re port a typical bit of Goebbcls propaganda Indications in Berlin were that the axis would attempt to force capitulation of Serb forces as was the case with the Polish army J vi JUHIIJ1 TJ equipment and heavy icsorves ot ler involving Greece and the rctiremcnl was n flight home Transfer of troops from Greece o Africa lo battle the in Libya and Erypt would be an operation of dynamic strategy differing essentially from ine rescue ot Dunkirk mihtary or political prob Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Kair Tuesday night Wednesday increasing cloudinos witli showers or thunderstorms somewhat cooler Tuesday nighl warmer Wednes day IOWA Increasing cloudiness showers or thunderstorms Wed nesday and extreme west late Tuesday night somewhat cooler easl warmer extreme west Tuesday night warmer cast Wednesday MINNESOTA Increasing cioucli might end their mountain fighting against the Germans On the other side if uc Med lerraneai he Hrilfef vicwcd calmly the advance of axis forces into Egypt toya Air force reported hat Ger man planes had hcen own n fiKlitms near Tobruk which the axis mechanized forces cir elcrt in their drive into Ekvnl and saul hut lllc British troops a that coastal city cre ji a position to threaten the ex tended German lines British troops inflicted heavy casualties on axis forces at To bruk took about prisoner and destroyed IS tanks ii re ported German and Italian propagati on was jjonid full swing lo simple mem Ihe Mediterranean opera tions Home reported that Gen Uiisan T Simovitcli Jugoslav pre mier was at Athens preparing to go to Moscow tharscd that the British were attempting t treacherous and shameful with drawal from Greece although the charges were denied formally ii London as fantastic in view of thc arrival of more British troops m the Greek fighting lines Neither British nor German re poris made clear the extent rt nien show signs of becoming dom inant then the Greeks muV re consider their strategy They may nave to come to a finnl decision rapidly if Wednesdays reports arc true which say the aie preparing to ask for an armis Thesc reports could be part of German propaganda strategy not founded on fact but designed to o HhT lhc British and Greek If the Jugoslavs however do nc gojale ari armistice many Ger an Greece can In that event the AngloGreek forces would have to face heavy oclns not only in men and tanks and artillery but also in airplanes Retirement to Africa under conditions would seem o be a better decision than causing a ausng a ceaseless depletion of r ULt HJM ol hc Balkans can be permanent ly settled on the spot Settlement will come only at the end of the war Tne war cannot be won or lost in Greece but an important contribution to success can be made in North Africa if the An loGreek army is moved from Greece to Egypt to halt Ihe Ger mans there and eventually disin tegrate them British Claim Nazi Planes Driven Back A SOUTH COAST TOWN Eng land of German Messerschmitls were driven back toward France several times by RAF fighter patrols Tuesday as anactivity over the English chan nel reached a bigger scale than M MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather tics Maximum Monday Minimum Monday night At 8 a m Tuesday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation EXTENDED FORECAST CHICAGO fore cast for the period from p m April 15 to p m April I9104I inclusive Upper Mississippi vallev Iowa and Illinois Wisconsin and Min had been seen some time nesota except those portionsthatI dram into thc great The tcmeraturc will average i near normal with somewhat warmer Wednesday and cooler Thursday Precipitation ward the Ionian sci stalls Tci Uio west the Greek ap peared M be abandoning their hardwon gains in Albania be iauc of danger that their posi tions would be flanked and made untenable by the loss of Corizza and German movements south westward from Bilolj Axis sources repeated again and again that the British are preparing to evacuate their ex peditionary force from Greece borne reports said the withdrawal already was under way The nazi luftwartc smashed repeatedly at m Greek harbors which might uc used for evacuation Athens t U area for cragc moderate to heavy occur 1 ring firat part of period From London nazi reports of a British cm oarkation nut a detailed state ment by thc Greek high com mand coupled brief state ments from British sources ;