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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, April 14, 1945

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 14, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OeMBTMtNT OF HISTORY ANO ARCHIVES DCS M01HES IA THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH tOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LI Associated Preis and Untied Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITy IOWA SATURDAY APRIL 14 1945 NO 161 YANKS FIGHT TOWARD BERLIN Hushed Capital Watches Leader Come Home Pass Leipzig to Near Red Lines in 3 Places Officials Friends Lead Sad Procession Washington AP The body of President Roosevelt reached a sorrowful capital shortly before9 a m CWT Saturday x President Truman and members of the cabinet were at the union station a few minutes before the train pulled in at a m waiting to lead a mournful procession to the white house Members of the RooseveK family were the first to enter 1 the funeral train followed by President Truman Brig Gen Elliott Roosevelt and his wife and Mr and Mrs John Boettiger went aboard They were followed by Adm William D Leahy who was President Roosevelts niilitaiy chief of staff by Bernard Baruch James F Byrnes and War Mobilization Director Fred M Vinson Members of the supreme court arid their wives and cab inet officers and their wives also entered the train As the government officials heads bared walked slowl toward the cars a marine band softly played Hail to the Chief and the national an them The funeral train was parked on a union station siding near a i bustling freight depot Crowds j f thronged as close as police would KllfgS let them to the train At the rear j of the presidents car stood a t army caisson and 7 white horses awaiting the body thc late president Washington Angus Hold Last The body was liftedto the cais son at a m CWT and the procession began its slow trip to Dun praying over the body of President Roosevelt in the hushed notablecrowded east room of the the white house where private Ixi white house besaught Saturday neral services will be held at 3 p ra CWT Saturday Virtually every high dignitary of the government rode in the procession as it wended its way through the railroad sidings and on piclurestiueunion stai lion plaza which faces the nation al Capitol Two of Mr Roosevelts secre taries Stephen T Early and Wil liam D Hassett rode together in one car Behind them came an other member of the white house secretariat Jonathan Daniels Sadfaced and with his shoul ders slumped Samuel Rosenman Mr Roosevelts longtime counsel rode in one the cars reserved for the former presidents closest friends Rosenman had been as sociated with Mr Roosevelt in one capacity or another since the days when the late president was gov ernor of New York Secretary of the treasury Henry Morgenthau a Hudson valley neighbor of the Roosevells rode head boivecl in jrricf Two sharp high notes of a sail ors pipe signaled the start of the 3ong cortege Enable us to strive even more mightily in peace than in to bring new freedom and dignity to every member of our human race The Bishop of Washington ad ninistered the simple but impres sive order for the burial of the dead of the Episcopal church of vhich the fallen president and war chief was a life communicant Remember thy servant Frank Un Delano O Lord Bishop Dun ntoned in his closing prayer ac cording to the favor which thou nearest unto thy people and grant that increasing in knowledge and love of thee he may go from strength to strength in the life of perfect service in thy heavenly kingdom Grant quietness of heart and comfort he prayed and the as surance of thy eternal love to those whose lives were knit to his in the bonds or family and of friendship Strengthen those on whom have fallen new responsibilities in the high tasks of government that with simplicity of heart and sure trust in thee they may accept as ROOSEVELT BEGINS LAST TRIP band plays funeralmusic special train bearing President Roosevelts body leaves W arm Springs Friday Shown is some of the 2500 man honor guard of soldiers from Ft Benning The presidents flagdraped casket is in the last car AP wirephoto Kayenay engraving TRUMAN MUST PREPARE FOR BIG 3 MEETING Wont Attend World Security Conference in San Francisco Washington President Truman intensively preparing lo ake President Roosevelts place in the Big Three is leaving Amer ican responsibility for the San Francisco conference with this With the bass drumsof a rnilij from thee the burden laid upon tary band thumping mournfully in battalion of ma by a strong de the distance a rines followed taehment blue jackets tramped solemnly up Constitution avenue A wedge of 25 blueclad motor cycle policemen puttered and popped in the line of march A light bomber gleaming in the them Watch over the men and wom en of our forces by sea by land and in the air in particular those of this household be thou their strength when they are set in the midst of so many and great dan gers And grant that whether by life or by death they may win for the whole world the fruits ol their sun circled overhead The last ear in the procession left the station at a ra CWT It took almost 20 minutes forthe entire funeral party to get underway to the while house Despite Mrs Roosevelts request that Yo flowers be sent several ollr stricken leader truckloads of blossoms arrived atj sacrifice and a righteous peace Quicken and knit together in common loyalty the wills of this whole people that we may reso lutely take to ourselves the re the the us in this land and those of the procession pulled from the station the ing was deserted and the funeral train stood by ilseK somber and alone Then suddenly the crowd that had been pent up behind guard ropes some distance away burst through and swarmed around thc famous and much traveled presi dential railroad car j Police dashed in and cut off the rush of curious spectators The presidential car was laden with floral offerings Shades were lifted in the living room section giving the spectators a momentary glimpse of the interior of the fa mous rolling white house Down Constitution avenue a team of 7 white horses drew thc 4 wheeled caisson on which the cas ket of the fallen president lay The marine honor guard snapped lo attention as thc wheeled cata falque passed Three cars to the rear rode Pres Ident Truman who succeeded Mr julleci away 11 T lie t j ii 11 i ie t j ii victory enable us to strive even more mightily in peace than in war to bring new freedom and dignity to every member oi our human race and to countrys delegation This turn of affairs developed Saturday as the new president arI ranged to lead the nation in sor rowing funeral rites for its dead commanderinchief Faced with the necessity of fa miliarizing himself with all the intricate details pi Europes tang led affairs Mr Truman has de cided not to attend the united na tions meeting He probably will send to delegates who tackle there task of constructing a world peace keeping league a strong statement of approval But it will be up to Secretary of State Stettinius and his 7 delega tion colleagues to make onthe 1 spot decisions on any differences that arise over the Dumbarton Oaks formula and the Big Three agreements proposing revisions Mr Truman meanwhile set out on tbe task of acquiring the back ground information he must have at his command if he is to meet Premier StaJin and Prime Minister j Churchill on even terms Be began that educational pro gress in a conference Friday with F Byrnes former war mo YANKS IN LONDON READ OF ROOSEVELT On the sidewalk outside the United States embassy hi London Friday three American soldiers read Londons Daily Express to learn details of death of President Roose velt Embassy flag flies at half staff AP wirephoto Kayenay cut Roosevelt after 3 months of the 4th term A woman marine a SPAR a WAVE and a WAC marched ahead of companies from their or ganizations bear without stint our destined responsibilities in the family of na tions Make ready our soldiers to carry the burdens of victory to feed thc hungry to clothe the naked to free the oppressed and to lay the foundation for a more just and ordered common life for all thy people The service in thc flowerbanked cast ronm opened with thc singing of a hymn Then Bishop Dun spoke the fa miliar I am the resurrection and i the life saith the The Rev John G Magee of St Johns church Washington read the 46th and the 121st Psalms The lessons Romans Vin14 and St John XIVI were read by the Rev Howard S Wilkinson rector of St Thomas church Washing Buy your AVar Bonds Stamps from your GlobeGazette j ton The presidents church which Mr Roosevelt attended Another hymn followed The service called for the mour ners to respond and with thy spirit lo the bishops entreaty and i The Lord be with you bilizer who attended the Yalta conference with President Roose velt He will continue it with Byrnes Sletlinius and others Thc cascading advance of allied forces across Germany may pre cipitate a demand for another meetin of the heads of he three nations much earlier than had been anticipated The feeling in official circles here is that when Gen Dwight D Eisenhower declares officially that organized resistance has ended Stalin and Churchill will want to meet with Truman almost imme diately to settle problems involv ing the whole economic if not po litical future of Europe There will be an immediate re quest it is said to realign each nations troops within the 4 agreed zones ot occupation in Germany French troops will occupy one of these areas and Gen Charles De Gaulle provisional president of that nation will want to be in on he conference carrier boy The service closed with Bishop Buy your War Bonds and MNIDER PUSHES ALONG HIGHWAY Yafiks Close in on Jap Center of Baguio Manila of the 33rd division pushed within 3 miles Saturday ot Baguio in north ern Lujon once the Japanese headquarters in the Philippines The American troops battered through mountain terrain and against determined cnemv resist ance lo capture Mount Calauag last high point overlooking the city former Philippines summer i capital At the same time other Ameri can forces continued to forge ahead against stubborn opposition in the mountains south ot Balete Pass Japanese escape route into the Cagayan valley of northeast ern Luzon Gen Douglas MacAr thurs communique said numerous enemy infiltration parties were destroyed in the Balete Pass area The communique also revealed tHat 2 American columns were 51st Iowa Legislature Adjourns Des Moiiies 51st Iowa general assembly whose mem bers Gov Robert D Blue said have courageously faced the ab normal financial and social prob lems of our times adjourned sine die at Friday night In a farewell message addressed to the presiding officers of both houses Blue declared that this sembly had accomplished as I much or more than any general assembly in recent years You have provided the means for improvements at our board of control institutions which have been needed for a quarter of a century he said You have pro vided for needed additions to the institutions of higher learning In the aggregate you have invested wisely for needed per in a n e n t capital improvements which will provide a cushion for the reemployment of returning veterans Mrs Blue was in the senate chamber when the final gavel fell The assembly appropriated an alltime Men ot 592897425 since it convened 96 days ago which was nearly 50 per cent more than was authorized by the 1943 legis lature Major pieces of legislation by the lawmakers included a start on widespread revision of the statesschool system and estab lishment of a pension and retire ment system for all loxva public employes Hundreds of public of ficials except elective state offi cers and legislators were given salary increases officially noted in the minutes of he 2 houses at 5 oclock Thursday which was the time originally set to end the session When the leg islators discovered It was impos sible to adjourn hen the clocks were stopped until just sharfly be fore all actual business was com pleted Many legislators already had left for home before final adjourn ment and about onethird ol the members were present B29TFJRT CENTRAL TOKYO Japs Say Flames Spread to Mikados Palace Guam of Su perfortresses set fire to a 5 squaremile arsenal area of Tokyo Saturday and the Japanese re ported the flames spread to the Mikados palace A Tokyo communique said that fires broke out in part of the buildings within the imperial pal ace the Omiya palace and the As asaha detached palace but were soon extinguished Thc main building and sanctu ary of tbe Grand Meiji shrine one of Japans greatest memorials was burned lo ashes the com munique said Omiya palate adjoining the im perial palace is the residence of the empress dowager Explosions from the huge fires that ripped through the vital war production area oi Tokyo were heard more than 100 miles away 1 Thousands of tons of high ex ion while thc Amcncol division plosives and incendiaries were Paris American 9lh army won a 2nd crossing over the Elbe river Saturday and fought slowly forward on the outer defenses of Berlin First and 3rd army tanks hur tled well past besieged neared the Russian lines nd advanced into the nazi lountain stronghold of Bay euth The flanking sweep past Leipzig arried deep into Saxony to with n 10 miles of Chemnitz 88 miles the Russian lines and 38 om Dresden To all practical purposes lany was virtually bisected for lie last direct communications rom Berlin the upcrhierliway to Munich were ut The 3rd army was within 25 nilcs of Czechoslovakia and had Tpassed the northwest tip of hat republic The first army closed with 55 rules southwest of Berlin widen NAZIS SAY REDS OPENING DRIVE ON LONG FRONT Russians Speed Across Austria and Bavaria Approach Allied Lines London broadcasts said Saturday that red armies were opening a general offensive on a 300mile front arching across Germany less than 30 miles from Berlin and 90 from the American 3rd army Soviet forces of the southeast ern front were sweeping across Austria and Moravia in a race with the nazis for the Bavariai redoubt Their pace was specdec by the fall of Vienna and a cross ing of the TUorava river befori Brno It Hans Laboeck German cor respondent first to report Star of the red armys VistulatoOde offensive on Jan 12 said that be tween Stettin and the Sudete mountains the enemy is trying t smash the German dam on th eastern front withevery tank an every man at his disposal Laboeck indicating that the d was cast for the showdown batl in the east said that when til fighlinc mounted lo full fury a he evidently expected it to do mo mentarily then we must realize that the final decision is at stake Hours earlier the German high command said the enemy con tinued his offensive preparations in Silesia and on the lower Oder same stretch of eastern Germany referred to by Laboeck Lt Col Alfred Von Olberg lazi radio commentator said that It becomes more and more obvi ous that the Soviets have concen trated very strong forces in the area between Kuestrin east of Berlin and Stettin and it remains ng the Siege arc being fashioned around the capital by the ninth rmy to the west and the Russians o the cast A 30 mile armored dash carried vithin three miles of Dessau vlierc the Jluldc river meets the llbe The Canadians seized Arnhem llth city of Holland and populated by 89000 The first army captured the in dustrial center ot Luedenscheid 50000 and came within two and half miles of cutting the Ruhr pocket in two near Hagen men aced on the north by the 9th army The French took KehJ across the Rhine from Strasbourg and 50 other places including Buehl Aciiern Reystadl Gamhurst and Otterswier plus enormous quan tities of material and prisoners sonumerous they could not be immediately counted Gen Omar Bradleys armies by passed Leipzig and tightened the siege arc around the great Sax ony city where 1000000 German civilians have been reported awaiting the Americans The closest troops last were reported 4 miles away The 3rd army plnnced into Bay rcuth and on to the approaches of Dresden and neared the great traffic center of Chemnitz The 1st and 9th armies virtual ly eliminated the Ruhr pocket taking IrUOOO prisoners from the 150000 originally estimated as trapped The nearest Stli army troops to be seen whether a new otten ive against Stettin i planned with a new thrust to tbe Baltic in the direction of Kiel The anticlimactic end of lite eckloiiK siege of Vienna released formidable Russian forces for the Russian drive up the Danube val ley already probing into the area of Sankt Pclten 31 miles west of the Austrian capital and 132 miles from BcrchlesEadcn The battle for Vienna once a glittering city at the crossroads of Europe netted the red army 130 000 prisoners Marshal Stalin re ported To the north the 2nd Ukrainian army stormed across the Morava river on a 15mjle front It cap tured Goeding 32 miles southeast of Brno Goeding is the birthplace of Thomas Masaryk first presi1 milcs nf dent of Chechoslovakia HEAtfYRAIDS ON GERMANY last were reported 45 miles from Berlin Those east oi the EVbe were encountering protuse lire from flak batteries guarding the capital and making slow progress on the tlat Brandenburg plain Third army troops ivere 88 miles or less from Russian lines and within 25 of the Chechoslo vakia frontier Their drive across southeast Germany to within 10 miles northwest of the Saxony in dustrial city of Chemnitz 335 000 carried Lt Gen George S rations troops 25 miles past the northwestern tip of Czechoslo vakia and into the rear zone of German lines in the east Dresden capital of Saxony was 38 miles from Pattons swift ar mored colurmis His troops moved within 85 had gained control of Bohol island in the central Philippines In the drive from both cuds of Bicol peninsula the King southern tail of Luzon lllh airborne troops moved 4 miles south to Muiay in the north while the 158th rep dnmped on the Japanese capital in a section congested with 3 large munitions plants and chemi menlal combat team under the command of Brig Gen HanCord MacXider advanced 12 miles the main highway and reached Oas 19 miles northwest of Lcsaspi Bombers and fighters steadily supported all the ground paigns and were revealed to have j cal works Huge fires bla2ed furiously through the target area one of Japans most vital war production centers as the Marianasbased completed the 16lh raid on the enemy capital the Skoda munitions works at Pilsen and 96 of the Czechoslovak capital of Prague i Among the places captured were the aircraft center of Bruns wick 2010X61 the Napoleonic battle city of Jena 60000 Zeitz SaaUcld RudoT sladl IfiOOO and the Dutch stronghold of Asscn Cnniulian troon fought inside London V S eighth the edge of the Dutch cities ir air force attacked German posijof Groenineen O20000 Am tions along the Gironde Estuary t Aoncldnrn 71 northwest of Bordeau Saturday Heavy air porled over activity was rc thc channel nftcv Weather Report FORECAST hundreds of British nisht raiders hit German warships massed in the harbor at Kiel and neighbor ing port installations and Zwollc Americans fought within Magdeburg Dortmund BcvYcunt and Cera f The British be cicgcd Germanys 2nd port Bre men and menaced and outflanked Hamburg the largest port The droppcd more than 800 tons of Iowa Fair north and cloudy south bombs on Japanese positions throughout thc Philippines in a single day i Duns prayer Stamps from your GlobeGazette rapidly closing a huge pincers on carrier boy Japanese in southeastern Lu and rather cold Saturday Con siderable cloudiness Saturday night and Sunday with showers southwest Sunday afternoon Colder southeast Saturday Warmer Sunday Minnesota Partly cloudy and rather cold Temperatures 25 south and west portions and 15 northeast portions Saturday night Sunday cloudy and a little warmer with showers west portion here Friday IN MASON CITY Lowell Bjorklimd 17 suffered GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 52 Minimum Friday 31 At 8 a m Saturday 32 2 Boys Burned in Emmetsburg Fire Emmctsbursr Bjork lund 5 was in an Emmetsburg hospital Saturday critically burn ed as result of a fire which de stroyed the home of his parents Mr and Mrs Clarence Bjorklund turns on his hands and face when i he rushed into thc burning house I to rescue his younger brother Halifax and Lancaster heavy bombers dropped a great weight i French were 9 miles from Stutt of explosives and incendiirics onjgovt Kiel Ships there were reported On Gen Eisenhowers southern lo include many warcralt chased flank the Thundcrbird 45th di out of the eastern Baltic by the vision of the 7lh army fousht into Russians Bamberjr a rail renter of 57000 About 1150 unescorted flying which is a transshipment point for Fortresses and Liberators attacked fhc Indwie canal IcadWK to the strong points and antiaircraftDanube Bamberir is 32 miles batteries in the Gironde arcu i northeast of Nucrnberff Coastal observers said one of The French advanced 8 miles the biggest forces of RAF heavy through the Black forest from bombers seen in months crossed Baden Baden and captured Lvch the Straitsof Dover in a close tenau moving to within 13 miles packed formation requiring half j of Kehl on the east side of the an hour to pass over a given point upper Rhine opposite Strasbourg Three of Bradleys armies were less than 100 miles from the Rus sian lines The V S 3rd army was BEKUX JITTERY London CUP Hadio Berlin u KJ LU opened its news broadcasting Satwithin 88 miles of the Soviets the urday with an admission the 9th was 90 miles and the situation in the west has become fiKhlinj for Leipzig and exen more acute because of new j was reported 35 miles from the and heavy attacks by the allied j red armies flushed with the con armies lutst ot Vienna a victory which ;