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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 14, 1939, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME E R H 1ST WEM a AST OEPT or IOWA oes MOINES u THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY THI BRIGHT SPOT MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY APRIL 14 1939 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 160 AMERICAS PLEDGED ECONOMIC AID NEWS BEHI No War in Europe But April prepon derance of informed opinion here is that there will be no war in Europe now or this summer on the ground thai neither the dic tators nor the British will let it get to The date April 28 is cir cled with nencil on the office calendar of top army gen e r a 1 working inside on the European diplo Paul Mallon matic war game Thats his guess as to when these numerous dicta torial maneuvers will reach their climax In other words he is betting against war in the next two weeks but will not bet beyond Friday fortnight No war for two weeks is also the uncertain judgment of U S diplomats who know all there is to be known in Washington Hitlers birthday is the 20th He probably will make some kind speech or statement He will need an additional week toget his troops deployed where he wants them and then we what happens t Mussolini Tactics Mussolini is concentrating iar troops in Albariias than he needsforadelensfcofthatcountry against any conceivable odds His navy is reported to be plannina concentration at Khodes to be in a position to bottle up the Black sea and close the Dardanelles The movements obviously are designed for simultaneous blows against Greece and Turkey And if Mussolini gets into Greece he will capture the gateway to Yugo long valley which al lies finally gU into in the last stages of the World war It was then With Hitler coming in from the north they can per haps easily pinch out Yugoslavia Hitlers end apparently would be to concentrate troops arou the Danish and Netherlands bor der merely to distract the British His jl military abjective would be in another Warsaw Together with Musso linis movements the grand strat egy would comprise an encircling campaign by the dictators against the smaller nations to the east NOTE The heavy mobiliza tions by calling up the troops of new classes in ail European na tions were forecast specifically in this column Feb 21 s a P Rs Attitude Criticism lias not weakened Mr Roosevelts determination to stand with Britain and France A direct check on the presidents attitude within the last 48 hours indicates this policy is no exception to his hitherto unbroken rule against ever altering a position once taken He may never have said the American frontier is on the Rhine and did not but he might as well have This is the way he reasons as outlined by one capable of speak iiig for It is extremely desirable that the U S be not taken in by British deplomacy and not burn its fin gers on British chestnuts But the Atlantic must be kept a friendly pond and it will not be friendly if Germany dominates it In spite of what the British did to wreck the Buenos Aires and Lima conferences we get along fairly well with the British in South America Hitler could not keep the At lantic friendly because he wants raw materials in South America and must have them contrary to our interests unless he runs the British and French out of Africa in which event the house foreign affairs committee may strike out the whole neutrality act and go back to the old principles of inter national law A private check of most the members the com mittee indicates that almost a ma jority now is leaning that way Comments you hear from them off the record It is foolish to talk about neu trality as long as we can continue our agreements with France and Great Britain for stabilization of They have already got a piom io of our gold if they need it Ticy will get our men any time tiscy wunt tCoBjHjljt Kinf FtMorts Inc Economy Bloc Fights House Rebellion I SEEKS TO PARE 000 FROM STATE EXPENSE Resultant Lowering of Standards Seen by Education Board BULLETIN DES MOINES IP A bill providing for a temporary mora torium for a farmer facingfore closure due to crop failure passed the Iowa senate Monday afternoon by a vote of 44 to 0 DES MOINES re pubhcan house economy forces iriday battled a rebellion that threatened to interfere with the consideration of an afterthought Budget seeking to pare 000 worn the original house appropri ations bill The economy group withsome help from their more liberal minded colleagues Thursday night drew up a series of appro priations amendments bringing the proposed budget down to 377000 a year compared in the bill Wilson Urges Deductions The G O P house membership reached an agreement in a stormy caucus Thursday to cut the budget alter Gov George A Wilson in formed the lower chamber leaders that he wanted drastic reductions m allowances for the various slate departments Wilsons participation the house was on the of ap proving the higher figures Board Issues Statement IOWA CITY Iowa state board of education in ses sion here Friday issued the fol lowing statement Greatly increased enroll ments and operating expense and the prospects of still fur ther increases make it impera tive that we have increased funds with which to operate Unless comparable increases are made in the support fund the services to the young people of Iowa and to the further develop ment of the resources of Iowa will be seriously impaired needs of the state schools were given extended and de tailed study by the comptroller and the recommendations made by him to the legislature These recommendations were again given careful consideration by the appropriations committees of both the house and the senate following visits to the schools by large and representative sub committees The comptrollers figures were approved These figures were again ap proved by a substantial major ity in the house on Wednesday April 12 Our state educational insti tutions con be maintained on a basis worthy of Iowa with the appropriations recommended by the comptroller but any amount lower than that will inevitably result in a lowering of stand ards Iowa today is raising in taxes enough money to provide ade quate support for education and education is entitled to its prop ei share of that total into new eras of government should not be made expense of education We make this statement in order that the members of the legislature and the people of Iowa may know the serious problems that confront us if adequate appropriations are not made To consider the economy amend ments however the chamber first must vote to reconsider its pre vious action directly or indirectly approving the various sections of he original bill Some house par lamentarians said a twothirds ote would be necessary to recon ider previous appropriations ac tion Feel Financial Ax State educational institutions and general state administrative departments alike felt the finan cial ax as republican leaders iought to redeem 1938 campaign economy promises The budget is 8862000 below he provided in the original bill and is about above the S1392SOOO total ap propriated by the 193T legislature m addition to these suggested measures eaders also suggested paring an dditional off the stale commissions budget and sllaOOO from the new public afety departments total Redistricting Is Sought by Spencer Men Injunction Notices Served on Miller to Halt Senator Vote DES MOINES WRaising the issue of taxation without repre sentation representatives of five northwest Iowa counties Friday sought to enjoin Secretary of State Earl G Miller from calling the next election in so far as it applies to Iowa legislative sena tors T u pWoodcock of Spencer and J H Peterson secretary of the Spencer Chamber served injunction of Commerce lotices to re strain Miller from holding a state senatorial election next year un less the present legislature redis tncts the state One Senator in Five Counties Woodcocksaid five northwest Iowa counties with a total of 80 9a population have but one sena tor while Jackson county in east ern Iowa population 18000 one representative in the house nas uppei Woodcock who is plaintiff in the injunction action for Clay county brought along similar no tices for OBrien Emmet Palo Alto and Dickinson counties OBnen county is in an adjoining senatorial district but the same unfair situation also applies in the OBrien district he said Kepresent North Iowa Counties Lester Gillette Fostor represents Clay Emmet Dickin son Kossuth and Palo Alto coun ties in the Iowa senate C B P0616 R Alton represents Lyon OBrien Osceola and Sioux DespiteLa constitutional quirement that the state shall be redistricted following every fed eral census Woodcock continued the legislature has left the sena torial distribution untouched since The injunction action also would prevent Miller from issuing certi ficates of election to successful senatorial candidates in the event the 1940 election is held without legislative redistricting action Peterson said the matter would be earned to the Iowa supreme court if need be Two redistrictin bills are buried in the sifting com mittees of the two houses We Believe in Majority Rule We believe in majority rule Woodcock said In this session of the legislature you have taxation without representation Miller was unworried about his connection as a defendant in the injunction actions He showed considerable interest at one point however when Woodcock hinted behef that the acts of the present general assembly may be illegal previous redistricting Miller has been the big loser in the current reorganization drive in the legislature For one thing he of the highway Miller asked lost supervision patrol At another point if the action might mean the eli mination of some senators hope so he said smiling Reporters raised the question of the constitutional provision limit ing urban counties to one senator regardless of population some of these counties notably Polk woodbury and Linn have one senator for 82000 or more popu lation the state officials said How to Influence People SCRANTON Pa per sons listening to Dale Carnegie tell how to influence people were relieved of Thursday night by pickpockets The Weather FORECAST IOWA Mostly cloudy prob ably showers in east and south portions and possibly in north west portion Friday and Satur day slightly warmer in east central portion cooler in north west portion Friday night cool er Saturday except in extreme northwest portion and in ex treme east portion MINNESOTA Generally fair west mostly cloudy cast Friday night and burday probably shoHers southeast and snow alongLake Superior Friday mght slightly colder Friday night westcentral INMASGHCITY GlobeGazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 a m Friday morning Maximum Thursday 50 Minimum in Xisrht 39 At 8 a m Friday 4B YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 57 POSSIBILITY OF SOVIET BRITON PACT IS NEARER Litvinov and Seeds Plan Conference in Moscow on Saturday INTERNATIONAtATA GLANCE By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Berlin Germany announces fleet maneuvers starting next weekoff Spanish Portuguese and Moroccan coasts press ac cuses Britain fomenting war calls her pledges to Greece and Rumania useless Rome Fascist cabinet ap proves Albanian crown for Vit lorio Emanuele Gayda charges BritishFrench attempt to en circle axis partners declares Rome Berlin will resist Warsaw Poland augments army of 1 000000 hears reports German troops are massed on her frontier and Hitler wants to enter free city of Danzig on his birthday next Thursday LONDON Great Britain moved definitely Friday to bring Soviet Russia into the orbit ot its alliance with France and minor powers to offset the expansion of the dictator nations The foreign office sent special instructions to Sir William Seeds British ambassador at Moscow ordering him to confer with Maxim Litvinov foreign commis sar on the extent to which Russia Meeting fs Saturday Sir William at first arranged fo see Litvinov Friday but post poned the consultation until Sat urday pending further advices from London The postponement was attributed to a visit of I an Maisky soviet ambassador in London to the British foreign of fice Chamberlain Lilrijjov Maisky made the call on his own initiative to clarify certain points raised in parliament Thurs day especially the remark of Sir John Simon chancellor of the ex chequer that an alliance with Russia was not out of the ques tion Britain Warns Italy was learned that Maisky re ceived a hint of the nature the suggestions which Seeds was ex pected to make to Litvinov Latest indications cast doubt on reports of an impending air pact but strengthened the impres sion that Britain is seriously ap proaching Moscow on an alliance with the antiaggression front The soviet development came as It Britain warned was Italy J reported that the to have British Italian friendship pact might have i to be abrogated unless Italy with draws her troops from Spain Soviet Question Mark Soviet Russia has remained the biggest question mark in the European antiaggression front which Great Britain and France riave sought to build against fu ture totalitarian expansion by giv ing pledges of military aid to Poland Greece and Rumania and working out details of a similar pledge to Turkey Prime Minister Neville Chamber lain was sharply criticized on all sides m the house of commons Wednesday because of delay in bringing the Soviets witb esti mated 2500000 men arms nto the socalled peace front Sir John Simon chancellor of the exchequer significantly re mar ed at the close of debate in commons Thursday that the Brit sh government uoes not object to Ihe principle of a military alli ance among Britain France and sonet Russia and that Chamber an has frequently emphasized hat ideological diffeernces will not be permitted to stand in the vay of the anti aggression front Haydens Widow Denies He Was Victim of Gangsters Recounts Manner in Which She Learned of Slaying of Husband By DAVID B KATJFSIAX Charles M Slip Hayden slain by gunmen in Chicago on Easter morning was the victim of amateur stickup artists not of gangsters who had sought to exact tribute from the Mason City walkataon operator his widow stated emphatically Thursday in an interview granted the Globe Gazette following the funeral foi Mr Hayden Mrs Ha3den recounted vividly the manner in which she was no tified of her husbands death I awakened by a man in my room and naturally was ened It was a bellhop however and he told me Come quickly Mrs Hayden your husband has been hurt Seemed Like a Dream slipped on a dress and hur ried toward the hospital which was nearby It all seemed like a dream and I dont remember the details very well As I neared the hospital I saw Mr Haydens son Charles Jr and Nemerovski partner of Hayden leaving and they told me Its too dead I dont know what I did then I was so dazed it took me sometime to realize everything that had happened Police Capt Louis Klatzco who is conducting the investiga tion told me later that it was his opinion that my husband was shot while resisting an amateur gun man According to Mr Klatzco the gunman had apparently helc tip Mr Hayden while another Then my husiand apparently knockedthe gunman down and while prone on the pavement he shot a Charles one bullet entering his knee another his leg and a third piercing the abdomen I am tolc that my husband apparently didnt realize how seriously he was in jured for he merely asked those who first reached him to hurry and get me to a doctor Otherwise i am certain he would have told just what happened Denies Newspaper Reports Mrs Hayden was insistent in her denial of newspaper reports that her husband paid tribute to racketeers and that their daugh ter Ann Cal for gangsters was sent to San Diego fear of kidnaping by I wanted our daugh ter to live where shecould plenty of sunshine not to be a show baby she asserted She then told of the pride her hus band had shared with her in their daughter and reminisced on th fact that he had continually boasted he taught her how to write Ann is 7 I left the walkathon about an hour or two before the shooting she recalled As I left Charles asked me what newspaper 1 was going tc buy I told him the Examiner and he replied that he would buy another paper when he came home Then he kissed me and said Thats for you and that other little sweetheart of mine in San Diego So long Then he blew a kiss at me as I left That was the last I ever saw of him alive That same day Mr Hay dens name was in the headlines of the Examiner Maintains Composure Mrs Hayden maintained her composure despite the obvious af fect wrought as a result of the strain which she has undergone the past few dnys She cited in stance alter instance of her hus bands many benevolences in this community which he had always regarded as his home despite his many travels which took him to all parts of the country He often donated to the American Legion milk fund for toys for children and other causes always however making the contributions with the provision that the name of the donor would not be revealed Mrs Hayden a native San Franciscan expressed high re gard for Leo Nemerovski her hus bands silent partner in the walk athon and stated she planned to return to Chicago to continue op erating the show me would want know As the reporter For Charles to do that I left he ex pressed the hope that themur derer Hayden be brought to justice whereupon Mrs Hayden replied That doesnt matter much to it wont bring him back while the dead mans brother Earl replied I wish they would though 1 uould like to see the killer punished KED OAK MAX DIES OMAHA Isaac A Brayton 06 past master of the Masonic lodge at Red Oak died in a hos pital here VICTOR NAMED ALBANIAN KING Strength of Rome Berlin Axis Again Stressed in Italy ROME took another step Friday toward enfolding con quered Albania within the Italian empire amid new reiterations ol the strength ot the RomeBerlin axis The cabinet formally approved King Vittorio E in a nuels ac ceptance of the crown of Al bania Virginio Gay da fascisms chief newspa per spokesman called the west er 11 democra cies g u a r an tees to Greece and Rumania of help in de fense of thoir i n d e pendence n e w evidence of Anglo French i n t e n tions to en circle Ger many and Italy Emmanuel The result Gayda asserted would be consolidation by Italy and Germany of their forces will be maintained which against all opposition use so for Gayda who had a long confer ence Thursday with Premier Mus solini alluded to British Hrime Minister Chamberlains declara tion of British interests in the Adriatic sea He interpreted Chamberlains reluctance to denounce the 1938 BritishItalian pact guaranteeing the status quo in the Mediterran ean as an indication that Britain to it because it is use ful perhaps even more Britain than for Italy If Italys occupation of Albania violated the Mediterranean status quo Gayda argued Britain and France caused the same effect in Tunisia Syria and Palestine whose sovereignty he said had been nullified and violated Provision was made for ap pointment of a lieutenantgeneral Premier Mussolinis soninlaw Count Galeazzo Ciano viceroy at Tirana Ciano is foreign minister If Ciano were named viceroy it was reported the Italian am bassador to London Count Eino Grandi would succeed Ciano in the foreign ministry a portfolio Grandi formerly held Puzzled at Remark Foreign diplomats were puzzled as to Mussolinis meaning in a declaration that Italy would march straight ahead Some thought that a vague answer may have been supplied by the fascist throng of 50 000 which heard II Duce sncak Thursday night from the balcony of Palazzo Venezia and responded with shouts of Tunisia and on to Paris In some diplomatic quarters the speech was received as an other step toward a possible head on crash between the big totali tarian states and the democracies and their allies Diplomats pointed out however tnat save for the figurative to AGGRESSION IS CONDEMNED IN F D RS TALK Western Hemisphere Protection Promise Is Further Extended WASHINGTON APV our sister nations beyond Presidpnr u T 1 s will break the bonds oE f lesiflent Roosevelt pledged ic 11 TJ1P Dispute Rises Over Foreign Policy of US WASHINGTON tUR presi dent Roosevelts forecful address iriaay spurred congressional dis pute over neutrality and Ameri ca s foreign policy to new heights There was sharp was sharp division of opinion on the presidents promise that aggression in the western hemisphere force and would be met with that the worlds best ity that the seas the ideas which cons train them to perpetual warfare Charges Meddling Senator Robert R Reynolds D N Car charged Mr Roosevelt was meddling in the domestic affairs of other nations He char acterized the presidential state ment as tantamount to an invita tion to citizens of other nations to rise in revolution If that isnt meddling said Reynolds if that isnt sticking our nose in other peoples business then there never has been med dling Any statement encouraging the citizens of nations in the world advising them to overthrow their respective forms ot government is advising the citizens to revolt and engage in revolution Criticize F Rs Remark Let us reverse the situation he suggested Suppose Chamber lain or Mussolini should issue a statement to Americans advising the people to overhrow our gov ernment Such action would be de nounced with the utmost bitter ness in the nation The presidents address came in the midst of widening congres sional discussion of the presidents already had split policies that party lines Senator Walter F George D Ga in the closing minutes of Thursdays senate session de clared j it ought to bemade abundantly clearteethe American people and the peoples of Europe that we do not propose to enter into any foreign war He criticized the presidents it we dont have a war remark and Senator H Styles Bridges intro duced a formal resolution con demning it Coroner of Polk Is in Des Moines Jail DES MOINES A E Shaw of Polk county was in the city jail Friday ordered held for investigation by the county at torney and traffic department Shaw was arrested in his auto mobile at a m Friday by Police Sergeant Frank Mabee and Merchant Policeman Charles Cross ASK EXAMINATIONS WASHINGTON house rivers and harbors committee asked authorization for prelimin ary examinations and surveys by army engineers to determine the feasibility of the Davenport Iowa harbor of refuge on the Mississippi river morrow II when nor would march Duce did not say toward what Italy J M SLATTERY IS APPOINTED SPRINGFIELD HI rtenry Horner Friday appointed hanman James M Slattery of he Illinois commerce commission to the united States senate to suc ceed the late James Hamilton WlS Slattery 60 year old Chicago attorney has been a close personal and political friend of the gover nor for a quarter century He managed the 1936 and 1938 cam laigns of Governor Homers democratic organization in Cook county The senatorial appointment is effective immediately and is for he period until the general elec ion in November 1940 Then Illi nois will elect a senator to com ilete Senator Lewis term ending n 1942 Lewis died suddenly Sunday in Washington LOOK INSIDE FOR ELVIN WOOD Dies in Chair for Slaying of Friend PAGE 2 Student Musicians in Eagle Grove Contest STATE PAGE Iron Horse to See Action With Yankees SPORTS PAGE the nations economic support Friday to any PanAmerican country whose freedom is threatened by economic pres sure irom abroad Condemning aggression as ridiculous and criminal Air Roosevelt extended this governments promise of pro tection for the western hem isphere already given for military attack to inroads through business and com merce On annual PanAmerican day the president gave the old world a living message Irom the new world of a will to peace which will have a voice in determining the or der of world affairs erniri to the gov PanAmerican build nations or their dictators but de ferringto statements recently made by Hitler and the chief executive stressed the tie binding Europe and the Americas Reply to Isolationists Hiswords as a reply to advo Si American isolation were 6f na to thewsivof the h le an wider that of the mere defense of our searinged continent IVe know now that the development rmlfi eXt will so nar rw KeParatinS from the old world that our customs atl0ls ale necessarily involved with hers Beyond question within a scant few years air fleets will cross the ocean as easily as today the closed European seasEconomic functioning ofthe world beomes increasingly a unit fail Ptir can iau m the future to disrupt ec onomic life everywhere Issue Is Described The past generation in Pan American matters was concerned the Principles the mechanisms through which this hemisphere would together But the next een WiU with the ethods by which the new world can live together with the old The issue is really whether our civilization is to be dragged into the tragic vortex of unend ing militarism punctuated by periodic wars or whether we shall be able to maintain the meal of peace individually and civilization as the fabric of our lives We have the right to say that there shall not be an organization of world affairs which permits us no choice but to turn our countries into barracks unless we are to be vassals ot some conquering em pire At another point in his address the president still without men tioning names said ien of Our Minds There is no fatality which forces the old world towards new catastrophe Men are not prison ers of fate but only prisoners of Thov 1ave in themselves the power to become free at any moment Only a few days ago the head of a great nation referred to his country as a prisoner of the Med iterranean A little later another chief of state on learning that a neighbor country had agreed to defend the independence of an other neighbor characterized that agreement as a threat and an encirclement Yet there is no such thing as encircling or threat ening or imprisoning any peace ful nation by other peaceful na tions We have reason to know this in our own experience Xo Weakness in Peace Mr Roosevelt asserted that in the western hemisphere we hold our conferences not as a result wars but as the result of our will to peace The American peace which we celebrate today he said has no quality of weakness in u IVc are prepared to main lain it and to defend it to the fullest extent of our strength matching force o force if any attempt is made to subvert our institutions or to impair the in dependence of any one of our group Should the method of the at ;