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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 13, 1953, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspaper HOME EDITION CiTYG THE KEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS VOL LIX Associated Press and United Press Full Lease Wires Seven Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY APRIL 13 1953 Tills 1Rpcr Consists ol Two Ono No 151 One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor No Open Minds in Communism EVER since Robert A Taft in a sort of offthecuff statement said he had no objection to Com munists in the classroom so long as they didnt teach Communism Ive been expecting him to do a little amending amplifying or explain ing But up to the time these notes are being jotted down there has been no further expression on the subject from the Senator While Ive always thought that Bob Taft is not nearly as conserva tive shall we say as most of those attracted to his political corner I cant quite believe that this amaz ing stand on the subject of Com munist teachers is truly reflective of his political philosophy I think he misspoke his views and just hasnt got around to turning in a correction Legal Mind Reflected It could be of course that Ibis surprising opinion expressed in a talk before the National Canners Association convention in Chicago last February is a product of the Senators legal training and his glorification of the constitution guaranteed right of free speech free press and academic freedom But I find it hard to accept that theory The Ohioan has always impressed me as possessing an uncommonly logical mind If you start with him on a plausible premise its prettj hard to part company with him anywhere along the way on the journey to a conclusion Such dif ferences as Ive had with and he probably isnt aware resulted from my no accepting hispremises They Cant Be Both That I think is the situation with respect to this particular issue Mr Taft assumes that one canbe a Communistand an honest teach er at the same me as being completely at variance with the facts Here are reasons youll never find a rea Communist and a real teacher in the same person 1 A good teacher must be free to search for the truth wherever it resides An open mind is a card inal requirement A Communist mind is never open it cant be He has pledged to accept the partj line without questioning its truth That vow takes precedence over all else in life 2 A Communist as a condition o membership in the party pledges himself to promote Communism t the fullest extent of his ability He has to be an ADVOCATE not a TEACHER Mr Tafts phrase Unless I was certain tha he was teaching Communism anc having some effect on the develop ment of the thought of the stu dents was indeed au outstandinj example of naivete J Edgar Haover Thinks Otherwisi In the same week that Senate Taft was expressing his toleran view about Communists in th classrooms of America J Edga Hoover of the FBI who probabb knows more about the character tics of the Red than any other mai in America offered this at a congressional hearing The Communist threat to ou educational structure is not ye recognized fully in some quarters Individuals and groups some liber at but frankly nonCommunist i their outlook others taken in b the Communist line and still oth ers working for the Communis cause continue to defend th right of Communists to hoi teaching positions unless and unt they demonstrate a disloyalty t our country It behooves every thinkin American to reexamine critical the essential facts of this matter the FBI chief concluded Whether the Taft statement in his thinking as he set forth thi hardhitting view wasnt m a d clear in the transcript of the Hoover testimony Quite clearly it might have been because the Hoover view and the Taft view on this particular question are at com plete loggerheads And I much pre fer to go along with Mr Hoover Educators Speak Up A month or so after the Taft speech spokesmen for 37 American and Canadian institutions of higher learning comprising the Associa tion of American Universities gave earnest consideration to therights and responsibilities of universities andtheir faculties and arrived at statement of basic prin ciples While insisting on the right and the duty of the institutions to do the judging this statement did not gotas far by any means as Senator ini giving sanction to a Com CONTINUED ON PAOf 7 In Iowa City Murders Dead Youth Asked Friend for Lie to Back Alibi Story IOWA CITY Nel on who apparently died by his wn hand Saturday had asked a riend to lie in order to establish n alibi for Nelson in the mutila ion slayings of a woman and girl olice said Monday Nelson 17 was found shot to eath shortly before he was to ap ear for routine questioning in he murders of Mrs James Ciler nd 14yearold Beverly Brenne nan County Not at Rink Attorney William L VIeardon said he had learned that kelson asked his friend to tell au horities that he had seen Nelson t a roller skating rink Wednes ay night The county attorney vho would not identify the friend aid Nelsons chum admitted that he youth was not at the rink Authorities were making finger jrint tests on a 22 caliber rifle ound beneath Nelsons body in his home Saturday to determine if the could have been murdered However they were almost certain he look his own life Nelson was called in for ques tioning after it w a s learned he worked at Mrs Cilers farm last Tuesday Meardon said he was not considered a likely suspect before his death but that the investigation was being intensified now Mrs Cilers body was found beaten stabbed and decapitated in her farmhouse The nude body of Miss Brenneman had been dragged to the barn Police said she had been beaten stabbed strangled and apparently raped First Contacted Meardon said the friend told him Nelson asked the friend to provide the alibi shortly after Nelson had first been contacted by authorities Friday night The prosecutor said that if he finds any connection between Nel son and the sadistict murders the next thing Ill have to worry about is how to prove a dead man com mitted a crime AP APPEALS TO PRESIDENT James Alfred Neamond blind since 1945 is shown at work in the ammunition depot at St Juliens Creek near Norfolk Va Neamond who faces the loss of the only job he can perform due to the Eisenhower administrations economy program has written the President asking for a little special consider ation Jobs are few that a blind man can do he wrote Rehearse Exchange of Prisoners Shh Cut Out the Noise NEW YORK This is National Noise Abatement Week Willis L Manning president of the Nalional Noise Abatement Council began his annual campaign Monday against automobile horns and other noises His organization is sponsoring a contest among 16 cities to see which can be the quietest for the next seven days v Manning urged a strict observance of the golden rule as a means of eliminating unnecessary decibels The world would be much quieter he said if noisemakers showed more respect for their fellow men Mundt Says Senators to Ask State Dept Shakeup WASHINGTON Mundt RSD said Monday a group of Republican senators will insist on a sweeping shakeup of toplevel policymaking officials in the State Department Its not a question of loyalty or security Mundt said in an interview We promised a change in the last cam paign but an alarming num er of the old Acheson team till hold most of the top posts Frequent Target Former Secretary of State Dean Acheson was a frequent target of Republican criticism during the campaign Mundt said the demand will have he support of Sens Bridges R McCarthy Ferguson Election in Korea Would Test Reels WASHINGTON Know land RCalif proposed Monday that the United Nations lest the faith of Russian peace moves with a demand for free elections that might unite Korea Knowland chairman of the Sen ate Republican Policy Committee joined Sens Taft ROhio and Wiley RWis in casting doubt on the Kremlins sincerity and in cau tioning against letting the free worlds guard down Knowland flew to San Francisco Monday to address a meeting of the California State Dental Asso ciation In a prepared text made available here he suggested the Communists may want a truce in Korea so Russia can have a year or two to stockpile atomic bombs while it hopes the free world dis arms It becomes greatly important that we now give the acid test to determine the good faith of these Communist proposals he said A clear demonstration would be on their attitude toward he im mediate holding of United Nations supervised free elections in North Korea Then with a united free Ko rea the United Nations and the great powers should guarantee the independence the territorial integ rity and the neutrality of the Re public of Korea He said a divided Korea means a Communist Korea SAME BUck ntuni In past kburs and othermembers of he Senate Appropriations Commit ee A facetoface showdown on this ssue may come when Secretary of tale Dulles appears before the committee to support the State Departments request for millions of dollars in funds In testimony before a House Ap propriations Subcommittee March 18 m a d e public Sunday Dulles said the Eisenhower administra ion may shift a substantial share of American aid from Western lurope to the Far East Later In Month Chairman Bridges indicated the Senate committees hearings on Stale Department appropriations may not begin until later in the month Mundt said the committee also will question R W McLeod new State Department security chie whose name figured in the unsuc ccssful fight to block Senate con Eirmation of Charles E Chip Boh Icn ambassador to Russia AP Wlrcphoto Ace Capt Joseph McConnell Jr was rescued by helicopter after bailing out of his disabled Sabre Jet over the Yel low Sea Sunday His plane was hit by MIG cannon fire after he had downed his eighth Red jet in a battle near the Manchurian bor der Pleads Guilty to Spy Charge WASHINGTON Verber an Austrianborn former US Ar my intelligence officer pleaded guilty Monday to conspiring to spy on American defense secrets for Russia Verber 32 entered his surprise plea before US District Judge Al exander Holtzoff The judge said he would impose sentence later Verbec faces a maximum of 10 years in prison James C Toomey courtap pointed counsel for Kurt Ponger 39 Verbers codefendant and brotherinlaw told reporters that his client intends to stand trial Verber pleaded guilty to one of the two charges in the indictment against him and Ponger This count alleges that he and Ponger conspired together and with others to collect information concerning the US Army and Ail Force in Austria and in this coun try for transmission to Russia 1st Convoy Heading for Trade Site MUNSAN Korea Na lions forces Monday slaged a dres rehearsal covering every detail o the exchange of sick and wounde Korean War prisoners which b ginsnext Monday United Nations and Communis staff officers earlier Monday se tied final details of the dramati exchange The agreement wa signed Saturday in a ceremony a Panmunjom At the signing the Reds sub milled their latest request for re Prepares Public WASHINGTON De fense Department is trying to prepare the American public for the possibility that some Korean War prisoners may come home mouthing Communist propa ganda The department has issued an eightpage fact sheet describing in detail the techniques the Com munists have used to try to win the confidence of captures Americans and reorient their political sympathies cwal of fullscale armistice talk Broken off by Ihc UN last Oct The UN lias not replied Grunewald Was Hired as Investigator by Lewis WASHINGTON UP Henry W Grunewald 60yearold mystery man told a House committee Monday he was hired for an in vestigation job by John L Lewis at a time when Lewis and his United Mine Workers faced con tempt charges in Federal Court Grunewald refusing to answer asked if his investigation was di rected at District Judge T Alan Goldsborough who later fined Lewis and the UMW 3A million dollars for disobeying a court backtowork order The unions fine later was reduced to by the Supreme Court DLa asked Grune wald After you completed your investigations of Judge Goldsbor ough you were paid a fee of 000 Is that right Offhand I dont know Grune wald replied He refused to lis1 the amount ofhis fee but said the records would show He said he was paid for his investigation by Lowell Mayberry identified in testimony as the mine workers chief counselwith offices in Nev York Later subcommittee coun scl John Tpbin told reporters May berry was not counsel for the UMW Grunewald was sometimes known The Silent Dutchman Head of Dock Union i Arrested for Theft of in Funds Morse Temporarily Halts Hearings on Ammunition WASHINGTON Senate inquiry into ammunition hortages was sidetracked temporarily Mondayby the in istence of Sen Morse that no committees meet uring the Senate debate on the submerged oil lands issue Sen Margaret Chase Smith chairman of the Senate Armed Services ommittee called off Mon Jays hearing She said she loped Morse would change his po ition so the inquiry could be got cn under way again Wednesday Normally the Senate grants mammons approval for commit ees to continue their work while he Senate is in session But Morse has said he would not give his ap proval to such meetings during he Senate debate on submerged ands expected to continue all veek Three Pentagon generals respon sible for production distribution mid stockpiling of Army amnumi ion had been culled to testify Monday and Sen Smith had said hat broad and searching qucs lions wereto bo asked Sen Byrd DVa said in an in erview meanlime that the ammu iHion supply in this country is dangerously depleted Although current supplies in the Far East ncluding Korea may be adequate he said There still is not enough ammunition In advance of the hearing post ponement Sen Smith commented It is apparent that therelia been much red tape which was no effectively dealt with by Army 61 ficials Private Companies Check Atom Power WASHINGTON MVTwo privat companies have been authorizec by the Atomic Energy Commission to find out how and when nuclcai power can be put into peacetime use The AEC said the companies Pioneer Service and Engineering Company of Chicago and Foster Wheeler Corp of New conduct a oneyear study to deter mine whether private industry can build an atomic reactor in the next few years rAII About Starts Monday Pciping lladio announced the irst convoy of sick and wounded Mlied prisoners would start for he exchange site Monday The 23 chicles will arrive al Kaesong hursday and remain there four ays before the actual swap be ins The UN pressed for an ear ier start but the Reds refused U S Marines British and South Korean troops played the part of ick and wounded prisoners as UN medical and security person nel held a realistic dress rehcar a for the exchange Lt Gen Maxwell D Taylor J S Eighth Army commander leaded an array of high officers who witnessed the drill 5 miles south of Panmunjom At the truce village earlier the Communists handed over a fur her breakdown of nationalities of the GOO ailing POWs they said they would exchange Identify Group The Reds said a group of 15 not previously identified would include prisoners from Turkey Canada Greece the Netherlands the Phil ippines South Africa Australia and Colombia The Reds previously announced the prisoners they would return included 450 South Koreans 120 Americans and 20 British soldiers The Allies will return 5800 sick and North Korean and 700 Chinese The UN will turn over 500 POWs daily in groups of 25and the Reds will deliver 100 daily in groups of 25 The entire exchange should be completed in 12 days al though the formalagreement per mils 20 days for the exchange The Weather Mason City Tuesday increasin cloudiness with showers likely Iowa Tuesday mostly fair anc somewhat wanner Minnesota Tuesday moslly cloudy light rain or snow north GlobeGazette weather data up 0 8 am Monday Maximum 44 Minimum 24 At 8 am 38 Prison Chief Tells Rioters to Be Logical Minnesota Convicts Get Fed Breakfast STILLWATER Minn UP Vardcn Edwin T Swenson warned Slillwaler Prison inmales Monday t is now high time to bring a halt o your display violence and destruction and do some logical and sensible Ihinking The warden addressed the prison ers over a public address system and outlined what they must do o stop an uprising that began laturday when maximum security neasurcs were clamped on Many Applaud Many of the prisoners applauded hc wardens talk but there were a few curses and defamatory re marks Breakfast consisting three sandwiches cakefruit and coffee were served the livsl time lheyye eatensince Saturday breakfast Swenson who made no mention of the rioting prisoners going back to work Monday said the situation was improving and the uprising was starling to bleed itself out Swenson appointed to the job only two days ago said the situa tion pretty much under con trol and the job is now one of valching and wailing The usual hubbub of prison activ ity was missing as Swenson ord ered all shops shut down Used Union V Money for Pleasures Could Get 165 Years in Prison NEW YORK m Joseph P Ryan president of the AFL national Longshoremens Associa tion was arrested Monday on charges of stealing of tha unions funds A grand jury accused the 69 yearold dock workers boss of siphoning off union money for these among others personal ex penses Dues in and country clubs for himself and friends buying clothing premiums on his and his wifes life insurance policies1 taxes on his Long Island summer home 165 Years If convicted on each of the30 counts in the grand larceny indict ment Ryan could get up to to 165 years in prison i His arrest was announced District Attorney Frank shortly after Ryan had been sum moned to Hogans office Before he entered the office Ryan told reporters I still dont know why Im here but he spec ulated that it concerned money he claimeS he had sfight ing Communists good job J in these Comniies ha said timethe Communists were active1 we had to spend money and youIcnowr money theyhave The thefts allegedly occurred be tween April 14 1948 andApril 16 1951 Only Few Catcalls few catcalls echoed through the huge prison yard Sun day Churchservices were cancelled as more than 1000 prisoners sal locked in their cells A tip to prison officials pre vented what might have been a major riot Saturday Word through the prison grapevine indicated impending trouble and officials locked inmates in individual cells early in the day BULLETIN WASHINGTON UP Rep Daniel A Reed RN Y appealed to the House Monday to bypass its leadership and bring his In come tax cut bill to the floor for vote Lifetime Head Ryan lifetime icad of the union had been under grand jury investigation since lasb January when a State Crime mission hearing brought out bo tiad used union money for per sonal expenses The 30count indictment includes three counts of larceny in the first degree and 27 counts of larceny in the second degree The announcement said the grand jurys investigation is continuing regarding the withdrawal of funds from the ILA as well as other phases of his Ryans activities The indictment was described as preliminary It was handed down in that form at present because the statute of limitations five years was running out on three of the alleged thefts Union Books The Slate Crime Commission had made public in January union books which showed wilhdrawals by Ryan f6r Cadillacs fancy shirts a fam ily funeral a cruise to Guatemala and a Slork Club luncheon among olher things Ryan is under orders from tha American Federation of Labor to clean up his union by the end of this month or face AFL expulsion for the corrupt practices disclosed in the State Crime Commissions sensational public hearingintowat erfront crime and corruption AP Wlrcphoto MISSOURI BLASTS of the 16 inch guns on the battleship Missouri speaks as the warship steams into the Wonson Korea harbor to continue her heavy bom bardment of the Communist held east coast city Driver Dies of Injuries in Car Crash LAKE Herbert Nel son of St Paul died at a hospital in Albert Lea Minn Monday from injuries in an automobilecollision north of here Sunday in which three others were injured His wife was reported in fair condition at the hospital v The car in which they were rid ing crashed with one driven by Henry Flaksback of Minneapolis He and his wife were reported in good condition at the hospital Monday Nelson suffered two broken aTms a broken leg and internal injuries A tire onthe Flaksback car is reporled to have blown out caus ing the driver to Tha engine wasripped out of his car and hurled 15feet accordingto highway patrolmen ;