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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 12, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AKO DES MO I HIS I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWAN5 NEIGHBORS VOL IJ Associated Press and United Press Full Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY APRIL 12 1915 This Paper Consists ot Two NO 159 STORM ACROSS ELBE RIVER INSIDE WASHINGTON Washington Angered by Russian Military Tactics Central Press Capital Staff national cap ital is again seething with indig nation over the courseRussia has chosen in the fighting against Germany To many officials in the capital there is a growing feeling that PremierMarshal Josef Stalin Is deliberately lengthening the European war by concentrating his forces to obtain political ad vantages at the cost of military expediency This distress which has not yet appeared in public print is con cerned over the failure of Russian forces along the Oder river to launch an offensive to coordinate with Gen Dwight D Eisenhowers smashing advances along the west ern front Instead it is believed that Stalin has ordered his troops into an of fensive in southeastern Europe in order to obtain control over the last remaining nations which Hit ler coerced into hiscamp at the beginning and before the out break of the European struggle Washington is fran tically hoping that the United Na tions Security Conference wiich opens April 25 in San Francisco not develop into a verbal free forall especially in the light an imminent German defeat No formal agreement on the conference agenda has been made but the conferees are understood MOSCOW SAYS BATTLE FLARES ON ODER FRONT Red Army Push on Danube Aims for Berchtesgaden Hideout London reportec Thursday that violent fighting had blazed up in the red armys Oder river bridgehead on the approaches to Berlin as American mobile forces rsced toward the nazi capi tal from the west Soviet troops are waging fierc battles beyond the Oder on the ap proaches to Berlin a broadcast said The report indicated that Mar shal Gregory K Zhukov ha lighted the fuse of his long brew ing push against Berlin synchro nizing it with XI S 9th army drive to squeeze the heart of nazidom in a nutcracker In the Danube valley west virtuallyconquered Vienna an other red army push was aimed at Berchtesgaden and the Bavarian Alps touted as a sanctuary for the nazi hierarchy Soviet armor was reported far up the Danube from Vienna and a nazi commentator Lt Col Alfred von Olberg bluntly admitted thai the Germans were retreating in Austria Van Olberg said that stiff to have indicated that the prosistance between the Danube and gram be confined the in Austria merely screens ton Oaks proposals disengaging movements of the However some nations already German formations which are fall Spaii Breaks Relations With Japan Madrid has broken with Japan in energetic jrotest against the bayonetling of Spanish nationals in the Philip pines by Japanese soldiers A government communique is sued Wednesday night at the con clusion of a cabinet meeting pre sided over by Generalissimo Fran cisco Franco declared Direct information Spanish origin and officially confirmee leaves no doubt concerning the attack on Feb 12 by Japanese troops on the Spanish consulate at Manila followed by the assas sination of consular functionarie and other Spaniards there and the wilful burning ol buildings in addition to many other assas sinations and deliberate destruc tion the property ol Spanisl citizens As a result of these exception ally grave facts theSpanish gov ernment esteeming them incom patible with the maintenance of friendly normality between the 2 countries has resolved to break diplomatic relations with the gov ernment of Japan while main taining a demand for indemnity sent Japan for the loss of life and damage caused to Spanish citi zens Spain forwarded the demand on March 24 soon alter the first an nouncement of the atrocities came from Washington Yakichiro Suma Japanese minister said this week that the Japanese government had Yanks Advance Within 15 Miles of Leipzig Paris 9th army tanks crossed the Elbe river Thursday and debouched on to the flat unbroken plain leading 57 miles toward Berlin and 115 miles from Russian siege lines A front dispatch said Lt Gen William H Simpsons men could reach the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin by Friday night or Saturday provided the Germans switched no tank forces j from the east One report however said the Germans indeed were shifting their battered 6th panzer army from the east ern front The 1st army approached Leipzig in Saxony over the old battlefields of Frederick the Great One unconfirmed report placed American tanks near lalle 15 miles from Leipzig lanes destroyed or disabled 20 German tanks near Halle Cities fell like tenpins Weimar Essen Coburg Nord lausen Sehweinfurt Halberstadt Emmen Neustatll and by Ger man account Bochum The 3rd army farther south Des Moines General Leads lbe Crossing Near Magdeburg Germany OP army tanks crossed the ilbe river Thursday forcing that are rising up and demanding that the conference discuss trade and commercial problems and a host of other matters which will prob ably lengthen the original list con siderably Russias proposal for a multiple vote will conib in for quite a bit of discussion First indications were that the conference would last about six weeks but now some quarters are talking about the meeting extend ing up to three months ing back toward the northwest Northwest ol Bratislava the Russians sight at were least fighting within of the Vienna Battles in congress are shaping i up over two major legislative pro l bill giving the admin istration power to cut tariff rates 75 par cent and the measure put ting into effect the Bretton Woods international financial agree ments There already have been a few preliminary skirmishes over these measures but both are still in committees and the heavy fighting fe yet to come Strong opposition has developed to both and the ad ministration must prepare to meet strongly supported proposals for drastic amendments Bruenn highway last escape route for the Germans northward out of the capital Moscow dispatches said the en circlement had been completed Berlin said soviet gunboats were putting tommygunners ashore in the rear of German troops still fighting on the ninemile long island in northern Vienna between the river and Danube canal Berlin said Tolbukhins forces had reached the Danube bend 42 miles west of Vienna and 12 miles west of St Piten The armor Berlin radio said soviet reached a point between Congress is going to find out for itself just how much any of the battle equipment now being used in Europe will be sent to the Pacific Japs for action against the A special committee of five sen Krems and Melk 50 miles from Linz 75 miles from Bavarian and little more than 115 miles from Berchtesgaden mountaintop re treat ot Adolph Hitler Fall of Vienna appeared to be only a matter of hours as mop pins up of the last enemy resist ance progressed rapidly inside the vital communications hub and second city of the greater rcich Russian shock troops Wednes day stormed across the Danube canal inside the capital gaining control of half the ninemileIong island between the canal and the river where the nazis were mak ing a final stand acknowledged receipt of the pro test on April 7 In the Manila consulate inci dent 150 men women and chil dren were bayonetttd to death The list included many members of prominent Spanish families Recent editorials in the Spanish press declared that Japanese at tacks on Spaniards and attempts to wipe out Spanish culture in the Philippines beganas soon as the Japanese took over the islands An official estimate said 90 pel cent of Spanish property in the Philippines had been destroyed Only the usual guards were on duty in frontof the Japanese le gation in Madrid after announce ment of the break in relations and no unusual activity was evident It was expected the Spanish government would intern Suma and other Japanese diplomats un til safe departure of Spanish dip lomats from Japan can be ar ranged 9TH ARMY PUSHES ACROSS Hell on Wheels division of the U S 9th army crossed the Elbe at an undisclosed point Thursday and started down the last 57 miles be fore Berlin The 9th reached the Elbe Wednesday at Magdeburg 64 miles from the Ger man capital Jap Defenses Continue to Hamper Yanks Driving for Okinawa Capital of Nona Guim The staiemated battle on southern Okinawa went into the 4th day Thursday heavy enemy mortar and artillery fire stillchecking the American drive onthecapital city of Naha A Domei dispatch recorded by r the FCC reported thatabout80 American carrier planes raided northern Formosa for 2 hours Thursday Formosa lies oft the southwestern tip of the Ryukyus of which Okinawa is the principal island Front reports from Okinawa said the American drive also was hampered by drenchingrains which stalled motorized equip ment and bogged down foot troops of the army corp Ninetenths of the major part of the cilv south of the Danube B Chandler of Ken tucky Lister Hill of Alabama Burnet K Maybank South Carjd j Russian hands olina Richard B Kusscll of Georgia democrats and Styles Bridges Hampshire republi can will leave Washington soon for Europe and a first hand inves tigation This topic is much discussed in Washington and there seems to be some disagreement among the government officials The committee may also visit Pacific areas Prove Handicapped Workers Produce as Much as Normal Men Chicago im paired workers produce as much and possibly more than ablebod ied workers the Journal of the American Medical Association said Thursday Physically handicapped workers are dependable regular in attend ance and careful to observe safetj regulations the journal said in an editorial Basis for the editorial was a comparative study of 2853 handi capped workers and 5523 abli bodied workers employed through out the nation by the war and navy departments anss DA VIES BETTER San Francisco condi tion of Marion Davies 45yearol screen actress was reported no serious Thursday at St Luke hospital where she was take Tuesday night suffering from wha was believed to be an attack appendicitis Buy your War Bonds an Stamps from GlobtGazctt carrier boy Xortheast of the capital the ussians slashed one of the last erman escape sccond rr railroad running north lo undenburc and the Czechoslovak ly of Bruenn A great tank battle raged in hat area as the Germans tried esperately to check the westward rive Marshal Ivan S Malin vskys second Ukrainian army U S to Communicate With Japan About Sinking of Relief Ship Washington United States is sending an appropriate communication to Japan con cerning a vessel believed lo be the Japanese relief ship Awa Maru which was sunk by an American submarine The Awa Maru had been given a safe conduct by this country be cause it delivered relief supplies to allied nationals held by the Japanese The slate department revealed Wednesday night that the navy had informed it of the sinking April 1 of a ship traveling without lights or special illumination about 40 miles from the scheduled posi tion of the Awa Maru The navy said one survivor stated definitely that the ship was the Awa Maru he army troops were against the Japanese or a linkup with Marshal Feodor olbukhins tliird Ukrainian roops sweeping through and be ond Vienna from the south In Czechoslovakia meanwhile fie second and fourth Ukrainian rmtes linked up in the Carpath an mountains and cleared a sup ily road from Poland to the Henna front Tolbukhins forces captured one ot the Danube canal bridges intact and raced across under nazi mor ar fire quickly seizing the Vienna electric power station and clearing the entire Prater park arsa chief amusement ccnler of he famed city Pressing farther along the nar row island the Russian engaged a heterogeneous nazi garrison which included luftwalfe pilots sailors volkssturmers SS men and even boys from junkers school and then broke into the Jewish quarter of Leoppldstadt one of the last three districts held by the Germans TO REBUILD WARSAW Moscow sovietsup ported Polish provisional govern ment enacted Thursday a decree calling for personal participation wherever possible of citizens both sexes between the ages of 16 and 60 in the reconstruction of ruined Warsaw While battling stone wall in the south marines made some advances on Ishikawa peninsula in the north Admiral Chester W Nimitx meantime disclosed that army troops completed the occupation Wednesday of Tsugen island off the east coast of Okinawa and dominating Okinawas Naka ETUSukll bay Nimil also revealed that American casualties in tile first 9 days oC the campaign totaled 2 695 of which 432 were killed 2 103 wounded and IfiO missing The count nf Japanese dcnd on kinawa totaled 5009 through uminy United Press Correspondent E Valens with the 7th army di ision on the island said the roops were encountering heavjly nnined roads and fields and hun reds oE deep caves in ridges vhich have to be cleared out one y one Some of the caves are 2 lories deep he reported CONFIRM 2 NEW APPOINTMENTS Blue Names Love to Social Welfare Board Des Moines IP The senate Thursday confirmed the appoint ment by Gov Robert D Blue Senator H Sam Love RBridgc water to the board ot social wel fare and Sheriff E Carlson o Elkatler to the state board ot con trol Tlie confirmation came less Gen MNider Attacks Bicol From South Manila troop raced 14 miles through disprgon ized Japanese defenses to socur a second foothold on the caster coast of Luzon Thursday The nexv anchor in the MMI ban area 55 miles southeast o Manila was established by ele ments of the first cavalry division which has been clearingthe Lu zon sector east of Lacuna bay Pushing out from newlycap tured Lucbari the first cavalry troops swept northeast along a gravel highway through the town of Sarnpaloc and reached Mau ban on the coast 12 miles north of lltli airborne division units at Antimonan A communique disclosed that the main forces of the 11th divi sion had moved into Anlimonan to thoroughly consolidate the posi ast stream before Berlin for the irst time since Napoleon did il riore than a century ago The hell on wheels 2ud arm red division was a bare 57 miles rom greater closest reported united on the western rout A brideghead was established al sn undisclosed point and tanks crossed the 450foot river bj means which censorship would not permit to be divulged Maj Gen Isaac D White of Des Atoines ordered his Sherman tank across on to the open plains lead nff to the Berlin At the crossing the ninth army was within 115 miles of Russian lines projected within 32 mile east of the capital the city o 4332242 sprawling over some 2 miles from east to west The tank veterans of campaign in Africa Sicily Normandy an the Ardennes forest reached th Elbe after dark Wednesday night and were bivouacked on the cast bank al dawn Other 9th army units were ap proachimr the river along flanks of the 9th army wedge cstab ished in a dash of more than 50 miles in a dozen hours The 9th army undoubtedly will be usins I Russian lines all types of bridges across the river Resistance in front of 2nd armored division cracked com pletely Wednesday after a sharp fight in the Hermann Gocring army jroke out again in armored gains at up to 46 miles which carried Buy your War Stamps from rour carrier boy Bonds and GlobeGazette Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Increasing cloudiness and warmer Thursday followed by showers late Thursday night and Friday Cooler Friday aft ernoon Iowa Mostly cloudy Thursday night and Friday with showers in west Thursday night and in east Friday Warmer in and central portions Thursday Cooler Friday afternoon Minnesota Mostly cloudy Thurs day night and Friday with ligh showers southeast portion Fri day Warmer south portion Thursday night cooler north west and extreme west portion Friday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistic Maximum Wednesday 5T Minimum Wednesday 32 At 8 a m Thursday 38 Precipitation YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation 74 Inches 45 21 07 tions the town seized 2 days 400 SUPERFORTS STRIKE TOKYO Guam hundred or more Superfortresses and escort ng the larges andbased air armada ever to hi war plants in the Tokyo area and in Koriyama 110 miles to the north Thursday The giant bombers 3800 mites round trip between their bases in the Marianas and Kori yama their deepest penetration yet of the enemy homeland Es corting Mustang fighters took off from Iwo island 750 miles south of Tokyo Three great fleets of planes made up the armada which was believed to have equaled if not exceeded the record force of more than 400 aircraft which hit Tokyo and Nagoya last Saturday The fleets split up aver Japan and half the bombers blasted the Musashino aircraft plant at Naka jima in the suburbs of Tokyo for the eighth time The remainder struck Kori yama in Fukushima prefecture for the first time It was assumed their targets were the aircraft and airframe assembly plants there as well as power plants hail an hour after Blue sent the names to the senate Both ap wintments are for 6 years at 4006 a year All the appointmentsBlue must make now have been confirmed except that ot Charles W Harness as labor commissioner Blue nom naletl him a month ago but the senate never has confirmed or rejected him Love will succeed King Palmer of West Union a republican who resigned from the welfare board and Carlson will succeed Roy T Pullen Spencer republican whose erm will expire July 1 Pullen did not want to be rcappointcti Blue previously appointed Cole Van Gorden of Emmetsbure to the welfare post and Charles JF Ttiplett Des Moines public safely commissioner to the board of control but the senate rejected them Love 55 year old produce deal er has served in the legislature since 1935 Blue said Carlscn had been sheriff of Clayton county more than 10 years and prior to that was in the finance business He has attended the federal bu reau ot investigation school in Washington and soon will com plete a correspondence course in law the governor added have been seeking all the ago by advance units The parallel drives by the cav alry and airborne troops effec tively sealed off the Japanese forces in the Bicol peninsula in southeastern Luzon already under attack from the souih by the 158th regimental combat team under the command of Brig Gen Hanford MacNider of Cily All the road networks in south Tayabns province were se ired In central Luzon sixth divi1 She ime to bving someone to the loard ot control who knew some hing about the people committee o our institutions and how they got into them Blue explained Dahl Court Martialled by Canadian Air Force Ottawa Harold Whitey Dahl veteran o Spanish loyalist forces who released from a Spanish prison or the plea of his wife has beer ordered dismissed from the Roya Canadian Airforce by a gener court martial Dahl who was released by Gen eralissimo Francisco Franco afte his wife sent her picture to Franco was charged by the RCAF wit disposing of S680 worth RCA property including a vacuum cleaner and 2 rafts while sta tioncd in Brazil vithin 42 miles of Czechoslovakia and 32 of Bayreuth in the Bavar an redoubt where the nazis may their last stand The British thrust within less than 50 iniles of Hamburg Ger manys greatest port and 2nd largest city capturing CcIIe 25 DOO and Rcthen crossing the AI ler river They were shelling Bremen 2nd German port AH along the western front it was a hound and hare chase of disorganized and shattered Ger Pattern 40 Miles From Czechoslovakia We m a r Gen George S Pattons Jllh ar mored division was less than 40 miles from the border of Czecho slovakia TnursdayFattons forces swept across the Saalc river south of Jena The Saile river crossings were made at points alone a 30 mile stretch by the fourth and sixth armored divisions The days saius brought rat tons men to a point south of NaumburR which is 128 miles iron works at WaUenbuttel south of Brunswick After the great steel plants were mopped up the old hell on wheels tanks rambled unopposed to the Elbe If the order comes to attack and occupy Berlin Gen Whites dusty tank crews can be at the Brandenburg gate in Berlin by Friday nisht or Saturday morn ing unless the Germans shift some of their guns and armor from the Russian front There were indications a few days ago that the Gib panzer di vision had been pulled out of Uic line cm the Russian front and Ucacled west man armies who had lost their last water barrier before Berlin the Elbe Traps containing up to 100000 Germans in the Ruhr and 200000 in Holland were under vigorous assault All the north German ports were menaced The Canacvns launched a drive into western Holland against thousands of trapped Germans Ninth and 1st arms divisions whittled clown the Ruhr pocket and its garrisons of TO to 100000 German troops The full extent ot the 3rd army drive was masked in a security blackout The 6th armored division whipped 46 miles across central Germany Wednesday and the 4th armored division gained 25 Heinrich Himmlcv German scs Ahcaci lies n broad Fiipcrhkh tapo chief issued a decree saying way wilh Berlin at lite end But Every Gcrnum town and every German military highway on troops finally cleared Mountsystem has not been of too much lutaba and 2 adjoining peaks pproximately 15 miles northeast Manila and continued to push ortheaslward into watershed region The sixth division the upper set a new help to the fail going Americans up to now because of blown bridges and other dnmagc Advance columns went aheid boldly without wailing tor flank ing columns to catch up and with scarcely a breather ecord for continuous combat in ie southwest Pacific theater by ighting 94 straight days against oj QI he stubborn Japanese defenses OHIO DiOWS n the hills east of Manila Bombers and fighters steadily upported American forces in tearing J ap a n e s e positions around the Balete pass and Ba uio enemy headquarters in the hilippincs in Italian Harbor house must be defended Berlin said the allies driving into the Iluhr pocket had cap lured Bochum a great steel and coal producer of 303288 inhabi tants before the war Nearby Es sen fell Wednesday In the south the Rainbow 42nd division cap tured Schweinfurt ball hearing capital of the rcicli and moved to within 29 miles of the nazi shrine city of Xuernberfr I Ninth army infantrymen were j mopping up the aircraft manufac turing center of Brunswick 201 45 miles behind the 2nd ar mored division tanks on the Elbe river at Mngdeburg AP Corrc Rome of Ital ian civilians ana a number of American and British servicemen were killed in Bari harbor Won Robert Munson said day by the explosion of an AmcriI Other Stb army units were clos can liberty ship loaded with mu ing to the Elbe The 83rd mu torizecl division raced 38 miles cast nitions an Italian government spokesman announced Thursday of Goslar and captured Halbcr Morc than 1000 other persons jslndt 50000 and Wcgclebcn The GEN HANFORD MACN1DER were injured The cause of the explosion one of the major disasters ot the war in the Mediterranean theater was not yet known the spokesman said The number of military per sonnel casualties also was not known Authorities did niot disclose the identity of the ship Earlier the government spokes man had placed the toll of dead at 267 and the injured about 1600 at SENTENCE LASCH London German high command reported Thursday that General Lasch who surrendered at Koenigsberg had been sentenced to death by hanging 5th armored division driving north of Brunswick reached G if horn 50 miles northwest ofMagdeburg Lt Gen William II Simpsons tanks at Magdeburg threatened the city of 331358 whose bombed out industrial area includes the Gruson Werkc armor plant a sub sidiary of Krupp Only a handful of nazis still were fighting in Brunswick one tinie headquarters of Richard the Lion Hearted The capture of Hal berstadt gave the 9th army an im portant junction of railroads just north of the Harz mountains The Germans said British 2nd army troops had opened an all out attack on Bremen Canadians moppine up northern Holland advanced 22 miles and started assaulting the Dutch traps in which up to 200000 Germans Buy your War Bonds and Recent Picture of Mason City Stamps from your GlobeGazette 1 are caged The 1st and 9th armies General 1 carrier boy jscnl several divisions to hammer ;