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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 12, 1941, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HIST f fq r Dpi OF COUP OES UQINtS U VOL XLVI1 THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS fUU LEASED WIRES MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY APRIL 12 1941 THIS PAPKS CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE ONE NO 157l I GRIIKS REPULSE NAZIS AT PHLORINA Pelican Is Sensational Performer EDITORS is an other of a series of articles writ ten by W Earl Hall Mason City GlobeGazette managing editor in the course of a tour through South America as one of a party of 12 sucsis ofthe Car negie Endowment for Interna tional Peace NUMBER 29 By W EARL HALL IN THE HARBOR OF ANTO FAGASTA million fowl round numbers have just given me the greatest show I ever The performance took place just before dinner in the Anto fagasta harbor and with oth er passengers I viewed it from the promenade deck of the Santa Lucia It would be unfair howev er to give the birds lull cred it lor the suc cess of the pro duction Some thing needs to be said for the smalL fish which came into the shallow water near shore to pro vide the evening repast the birds The waterfowl are roughly di vided intothree main tos marines of the duck gulls of various sizes and colors and giant with a specialized part in the show The longnecked ducks are fun damentally deep sen divers They would dive far below the surface of the water and come up at some distant point The gulls skimmed the surface o the water giving heir attention to the leaping fish But the most sensational per former by lone odds is the un gainly pelican with its wing spread of about 4 feet Surely the Germans in the development of their Sluka diving tcchnic must have been inspired by these birds As we looked across the harbor the air would be literally filled with these whitebellied monsters swooping down on their aquatic prey At times the glint of the de scending sun on the living peli cans at a distance caused the scene to resemble a snowstorm For a full hour this entertain ment continued How even the bulky pelican can possibly hold all the fish it devours is a marvel to me There is a belying of the old rhyme about its beak being able to hold more than its belly can because after each seizure of a fish the pelican elevates its monstrous bill and the fish slides down a long expanse of neck In practical operation that great beak is only a temporary container At each dive of the pelican small gulls in large numbers sathcr about the siant bird in the hope that a minnow or two would be dropped So far as I could ob serve however it was a futile hope I didnt see a single mor sel obtained in this way All of his spectacular activity on the part ot the birds wrs companicd by a din of highpitched calls from them One wondered how collisions in midair could be avoided but we saw evidence of only one traffic casually A duck near our ship kept turning about in obvious distress giving the im pression that it was being held by a large fish Three of our party re quisitioned a row boat and went to the rescue to find that it had suffered a broken leg Presumably a pelican had landed on it in a Sluka dive Itrs anomalous that a vc g i o n supporting no land vegetation should be so amazingly productive of bird life But scientists have their explanation for this phe nomenon too Its this Birds are prolific because fish arc prolific Fish ill turn are prolific because the vegetable matter on which they feed is pro lific Vegetable life in turn again is prolific because of the depth and temperature of the water And here we come back once more o the Huntboldl cur rent and its tempering influence This jccne in Ihc liurbur of Antofagnsta i like the euphonious quality of this word dont you reminded me anciv of the viHy important part played by water Athens Claims German Panzer Columns Hurled Back BEER MEASURE PASSED 6229 BY IOWA HOUSE State Legislature Is Adjourned After 89 Days of Sessions DES MOINES 49lh Iowa general assembly passed into history Saturday in bill en rolling formalities necessary to winding up the session which be gan 89 days ago Bui most of the legislators who sent to he governor in their last daylong workout Friday a beer bill and truck weight meas ure already have gone home Only a skeleton of the body re mained o prepare Jinal bills for submission to the governor Governor Wilson now has 30 days in which to pass or veto bills which reached his deslc in the last three days The beer bill passed G22S in the house provide That class C olf the premises permits be issued only to grocery stores and pharmacies That class B on the premises beer permit bonds be reduced from 51000 to S500 the permittee to consent beforehand to forfeiture of the bond in event of revocation of license That licenses would be revoked if operators sell beer to minors and that minors be barred from buying 01attempting to buy beer That dancingbe permitted in beerestablishmentonly if the city council or county super visors have so specified permit tee to have a dance floor of at least 500 square feet and main tain a uniformed officer That booths in newly licensed establishments be not more than 40 inches high establishments now operating exempted ie booths do not exceed 50 inches in height That 10 or more citizens of a community may join in riling a complaint against a permitholder with the council or board of su pervisors The permit would be subject to revocation if serious charges were substantiated That beer establishments main tain normal lighting eliminating soft lighting prevalent in many such establishments That cities with ordinances limiting class B permits could not maintain a minimum of less than one for cacli SOD population up to 2500 plus one for each 750 over that figure Towns nf less than JOOO population would be allowed two permits voluntarily surrenders the permit before it expires Sixmonth golf nnd country club licenses would provisiori be exempted from which also would not charge were pending agninM flic permittee apply The truck measure patsed bv a 798 vole in the house after con currence with senate amendments increases from 16000 to 17000 pounds the maximum allowable weight an axle on trucks usiti Iowa highways The allowable gross weight of the vehicle would not be permitted to exceed 28000 pounds a foot of distance between front and rer axles The weight increase would apply only to Iowa licensed trucks Great Battle for Balkans Is Under Way By DEWITT MACKENZIE Foreign News Analyst We are in the opening phases of the great battle for engagement which will determine whether Britain and her allies by bloody sacrifice are to retain a grip on this territory cs a base for future operations against the or whether they are to be driven from their last remaining bit of soil on the continent of Europe The nazis working at top speed arc driving fiercely at both flanks of the GrecoBritish line which is strung through the mountains of northern Greece Its the old familiar turning movement which the Germans have employed with such de vasting effect before On the allied right flank which is anchored to Mount Olympic and is held by the British the nazis are feeling out the enemy in pre liminary skirmishes On the left wing the invaders have driven up against the Greek lines near Phlorina This town is the center of highways leading southward into Greece and therefore is of great strategic importance I liked the sporting language ot Greek Press Minister Nicoloudis who predicted thai the conflict will be one of the best in his tory The Greeks do like to fight He also declared We shall win the battle The allies may indeed lie able to retain a hold on Greece proper but their position is crave Certainly he would be a rash optimist who didnt rec ognize that they will be very lucky U fliey are able to stand the Germans off The mountains will have to fight mighty hard for the defend ers The allied problem is so to speak that of trying lo beat per fectly coordinated mechanical strength bayonets Well 1 ask your view on that proposition The allies have nothing to com pare with the German land me chanization The allies have auts and they have skill but yon cant beat up a tank with your bare fists The defenders arc up apiinsl a war machine which is the most nearly perfect of anything of its kind ever before the product of eight years of in tensive labor The tragedy from the allied standpoint is that it was built right under their noses so close that they couldnt see it Its my guess that Hitler is em ploying somewhere between 730 000 and a million crack troops in his Balkan drive That part of miTclasTis permit as I pointed out Fri fec be refunded if the operator menacc to allies iniiTninviiir i nocsn t lie in the strong possibility that Hitler will overrun Greece canal and consequently Britains control of the portant Mediterrcan and Jugoslavia and bring the Balkan peninsula under his ab solute control To be sure thats bad enough but the great danger is that he may strike at the Turks force the Dardanelles and break in to the near east There would be the makings of catastrophe for the allies in that since it would create a grave threat agamst Egypt and Hie Suez against allim the fuehrer will at tempt this daringoffensive ajrainst the hardbitten Turks Mill depend to my mind on the extent of his success against Jugoslavia and Greece if he wins completely and quickly he surely will be tempted to storm ttic Dardanelles The are the only barrier against such a and that big ditch over which nations fi ti hnvc struggled for endless tcntur Maj Gen Carton Dcwiart who commanded British troops in cen tral Norway a year ago Dewiart was a veteran of the World war in which he was wounded eight times losing an eye and an arm CAPTURE OF BRITISH GENERAL ADMITTED LONDON war office announced Saturday niaht that Maj Gen Carton Dcwiart has fallen into enemy hands whilst on his way to the middle cast British General Who Commanded Troops in Norway Is Captured fowl in both the present and the past ot a vita South American i mdutry namely the fertilizer I trade which bases on guano Here I were the fcithercd factories opcr alms before our eyes in vast miniI There j i dandles is a mighty water barrier to jump However Hitler k like dice his luck running strong and he is hoi I plays the limit Man Believed to Be From Ottumwa Found Dead in Pocatello POCATELLO Idaho man tentatively identified as George Hal of Ottumwa Iowa was found dead in a hotel here Friday About of years uld lie regis tered April G giving his Ottumwa address 346 North Marion wasno evidence ol foul oca u a d0tcincdt authorities said NORRIS WARNS CONGRESS MAY CURB STRIKES Drastic Action Is Seen as Result of Defense Interference By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Prospective opening of the Ford Motor companys River Rouse industrial unit in the the labor defense picture Saturday but Senator Norris Ind still viewed Ihp general problem seri ously enough to warn that dras tic action will come out of con gress unless unjustified strikes and labor racketeering are stopped Norris coauthor with Mayor Fiorello Li Guariiia of New York of the NorrisIa Guardia act limitinff the right of the fed eral courts to issue injunctions in labor disputes said in an open letter to his constituents that some local unions had re sorted to intimidation in gel line fees out of job applicants While the veteran senator de cried labor racketeering he nevertheless said labor was being unfairly accused in con nection with defense industry strikes 34 x Settlement of the Ford the great plant was expected to open again Monday was d e s c r ibed by Gov Murray D Van Wagoner of Michigan as an historic step in establishing in dustrial peace in our coun try About 00000 work ers in the Ford and allied p 1 a n I s have been idle for 11 Drriv on sS5000QOO defence contracts been bogged down The iinio original demands included recognition of the CIOUAW union a 10cent hourly wugc rise and abolition ot what they termed a company spy system Tho plan for agreement calls for the return of employes to their jobs without discrimination the reestablishment of grievance procedure and cooperation of bolh sides in holding an NLRB election for collective bargaining representation The labor board agreed to postpone a hearing set for Monday on a complaint filed against Ford by the CiO While peace was in sight for Ford the United Automobile Workers International Union asked locals for authority to take ja strike vote of 175001 mcmbeiv in ifi General plants Wllcr I Rculher head of the GM section of the union said the strike action would not affect workers in defense industries Reuther told the OPM that lie had notified the management the dead line for strike action would be April 20 the end of the 60dav period provided the UAWCIO agreement with General Motors Thc union was reported de manding higher wages The bituminous coal fields re mained unmanned as southern operators quit the cishtstatc Appalachian conference in a dispute over terms of a new contract which would cover 325000 workers seekingwapc increases 1 Nondelivery of soft coal pinched the operation of steel fur naces as the CIOs steel workers organizing committee sought wage increases for about 100000 work ers in Bethlehem plant The union wants a minimum 10cent hourly increase Bethlehem repre sentatives resumed negotiations with and an agreement was forecast by next week The union increased to 340 000 the number of workers af fected by its demands by in cludinjr Bethlehem in its wage increase drive Negotiations con tinued between CarnegieIlli nois Steel and he CIO affecting 240000 workers in the United States Steel corporation holding many millions in defense con tracts j Sidney Hillman said in lington that settlement of the Ford dispute left fewer than 7000 de fense workers on strike The as director of the office of i production management did not i include the soft coal sloppage 1 British Germans Clash British forces struck at Germans attempting to move into Greece hrouEh the Bttolj Pass Germans were reported to cap tured Greeks cut off by the German drive to Salonika were reported still fighting in the RupeJ pass area British Greek defense line is indicated by inverted V 4 toward which reinforcements were being rushed from Athens 5 Blaek arrows represent German thrusts Serb Leader Reported to Be in Russia BERN Switzerland Ger man radio broadcast heard here Saturday said Premier Gen Du san Simovic had left Jugoslavia on a mission which presumably was taking him to Moscow The broadcast added that King Peter II was now in Greece cn routc to England Soviet Russia and Jugoslavia signed a pact of friendship and nonaggression last Saturday the day before Adolf Hitler sent his legions into J u s o s 1 a v i a and Greece But there lias been no outright indication that the soviet planned to follow this up with material aid to Jugoslavia The Moscow press the next day hailed the treaty as an outstand ingmilestone in efforts of tile two countries to preserve peace At the same time the soviet newspapers by inference ques tlioneil the German contention that Jugoslavia had sought the conflict Jugoslavia they as serted did not want war Russias concern over the axis sweep into the Balkans previously had been manifested by a rebuke lo Bulgaria for lettinc the Ger mans march in nnd liie real firm ing of a nonaggrcssioii treaty with Turkey The note of displeasure was sent to Sofia after the Germans entered Bulgaria March 1 and the SovictTukish declaration was made March 25 The Kremlin gave Turkey a pledge of benevolent and helpful neutrality in case the Turks were attacked A 15 year old Russian Turkish nonaggression treaty de signed at the time lo safeguard the Dardanelles from encroach ment of western powers served as the vehicle for the accord The declaration was interpreted as in crfect assuring Turkey of material aid in case of aggression EASTER PARADE SHOWERS SEEN Widely Scattered Showers Forecast by Iowa Weatherman DES MOINES on your old gray bonnet for Sun days Easter parade if you doivt want to get your new one wet With a little luck you might sport Ihc new logs nnd still not Bel them soaked but you better take an umbrella at least since the weather IHII brightened the outlook Saturday wiih a fore cast of widely scattered showers or thunderstorms for Saturday night and Sunday afternoon Skies will be cloudy he added and it willbe cooler in the ex treme west Sunday Although it was cloudy in some parts of the stale Saturday the mild temperatures continued av eraging about IB degrees above normal At midmorning the mercury registered 6G at Des Homes after Fridays high of 78 at Ames Albia and the Des Moines airport The low for the state Friday night was 50 at MarslialUown Sioux City rc porlctl precipitation of OJ Boy Escapes Without Injuries in 16 Foot Fail Out of Window INDIANAPOLIS VP Vo 111 year old Samuel Shnfer Jr leaned too far out a second story window and fell 16 feet to a brick side walk The boy lay white nnd silent when the ambulance arrived A doctor looked him over and gave his verdict lo the anguished family Nothing wrong with him Hes jiiat scared1 Bombs Nazi Troops in Macedonia ATHENS Air Force loinbers and fighter planes dared ad weather to bomb German immunisation lines in the moun ains a communique said Satur day as lines of men guns and ma chines formed across lower Mace donia for the impending battle of Greece Heavy bombers attacked Ger man concentrations at Velcs j Prilep and other points in the Kilkis area the U A F state ment said while fleets of planes bombed and machine gunned German columns until the ene my ran like mad The raids carriuu out as lie Germans sent one motorized jolumn from the Bitolj sector of Jugoslavia against he Greek and British troops in the Phlorina e gion of Greece and a second col umn moved westward from Sa lonika to strike at the right end of the GreekBritish defense line One squadron teader of the R A F said that during a raid against a German tank column Hie column stopped and sol diers darted into the ditches as the center of the column burst nito flames and overturned tanks and lorries Silazcd furi ously A large motorized convoy moving under cover of darkness from the north toward Kilkis north ol Salonika was machine gunned causing great confusion and setting fire to many vehicles the communique added Com munications in the Gallikos area also were bombed On April 10th in addition to anoperations already reported n formation ot fighter aircraft at tacked motor transport convoys between Monastir and Prilep in southern Serbia Great confusion and casualties were caused Lor ries were seen abandoned Sev eral were turned over in ditches and a large number set afire In the same area another formation bombed a motorized column destroying five tanks ami setting six vehicles afire uliilc bombs burst among others The railway line was hit twice From all these operations of the period under review two of our aircraft failed to return The communique said that on Friday the RAF bombers flow through unfavorable weather to make a lowlevel attack on mo tor transport and tank columns between Monastir and Prilep Two tanks were seen to blow up and a number of lorries were set afire Other bombers it was added blew up an important bridge at Polykastron despite op position by nnzi fighter planes Reliable sources said that pre liminary fighting had taken place along the BritishGreek line fac ing the Germans but as yet there was no large scale battling BRITISH PLANES BLAST GERMANS IN KEY BATTLE Hitler Army Seeks to Enter Phlorina Allied Defense Center Easter Paraders May Get Sprinkling in Iowa Is Prediction CHICAGO parad crs in the niiddlcwcsl were warned by the weather bureau Saturday to be prepared tor a sprinkling Forecaster A T Knarr suid showers or thunderstorm might be expected Sunday in Minnesota Wisconsin Iowa and upper Michi gan The forecast for lower Michigan Indiana and Illinois was for cloudy weather with the possibility of showers in north west Illinois Sunday afternoon SIGVS SOFT COAL ACT WASHINGTON Roosevelt has signed the bill ex tending for two years the bitum inous coal act of 1937 The meas ure provides for continuing an other Iwo years beyond April 2G the act authorizing the fixing of i minimum prices for soft coal i Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Considerable cloudiness with widely scatteied showers or thunderstorms Sat in day night and Sunday after noon Continued mild IOWA Considerable cloudiness with widely scattered showers or thunderstorms Saturday nighi and Sunday afternoon cooler extreme west Sunday MINNESOTA Partly cloudy scat tered showers or thunderstorms Saturday night and in south and east Sunday afternoon cooler west Sunday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather Saturday Maximum Friday 72 Minimum in Night 5 At 8 a m Saturday fil YEAR AGO Maximum 27 Minimum 15 IJ E K Nr S w i t 7 c r lmd plants were reported into Greece S a I u r d a y and machineRun bridges roads and tunnels alonj Germanys line of march toward the BritishGreek defense line across the Hellenic penin sula from Ihlorina cast to Mount Olympus COMPILED FROM CABLE DISPATCHES ATHENS Greece G e r niaii panzer forces ue r e hurled back from the region of Phlorina in an initial clash with Greeks on thoir new de fense line a Greek spokes man declared Saturday The spokesman said the mechanized German troops were forced to retreat Friday after entering Greece through the Bitolj Monastir gap and attackingthe fortified lint between Phlonna and Vanitsa The G c r in a n formations were composed of a number ol tanks motorcycles ar mored and infantry it was said A second German column was attempting to hit tile eastern end of the GreekBritish line by driv ing westward from Salonika but Ilie Germans obviously were hav ing some trouble in maintaining their lines in Jugoslavia In additiun to the Ingscale K A F attacks reports said that the Jugoslavs still were re sisting in Uic mountains and Turkey heard that u countcrof fcnsivc had been started to re capture tilc important Jugoslav town of Skoplje The Ankara radio also reported that luBO slavs hart occupied the Italian port or Durazzo on ihc Alban ian coast but there appeared to he no support for such a statement Neither the Germans nor Brit ish icported their main elements engaged as yet although such ac tion may already have started A B B C broadcast heard by N B C and C B S in NovYork said there is no official news of the battle nifjiiif in nc region of Plilorina where the German ad vance units had struck against ihc main defense line in Greece Athens dispatches however said no major action was believed started The main theater of action was reported officially to he centered in air attacks Iijlioth sides with the British blaslinc systematically at Gcrmaan lines in luzosiavia ami ii eastern Greece in an effort to break ur preparations for Ilic battle that is expected lo decide whether the British can keep a hold 1111 the continent The Germans uei e said to liace like mad during strong RAr bomber and fighter plane attacks on tanks mechanical units lonie railroads and roacis in both Greece and Jugoslavia Kilkis and Galii kos both important conumniic I lions points were hammered by the Kritish and the comnninica lions lines leading up to tlic stra logic Monaslir for i j German attack southward into UR Tlic German j vigorously attacked igu command said Saturday Uiat from air with the RAF reporting tne Jugoslaviscrbiaii army was heavy losses rmong the Germans in tne process of disintegration I T a n k were knocked into ditches lorries were set afire and troops were machinegunned by the British planes an Athens communique said The German tactics were simi lar to the British moves with nazi advance armored patrols punching through liie mountains in the Phlorina area after making con tact wilh he Italian armies near BULLETINS LONDON Greek radio said Saturday that Jugo slav troops were pressing a successful drive southward in the center of Serbia and that German efforts to lialt the counter offensive had failed LONDON British News Agency reported from Alb ens Saturday that an official an nouncement had disclosed that the Greek hospital ship Atliki had I been bombed and sunk by enemy plane KRISTOL England Waves of German raiders bat tered heir way through intense Ilrttish ground anil air defenses Friday night subjecting this southwestern Knelish port to a very heavy raid BERLIN mili tary successes in the Balkans represent a shattering blow to President Roosevelts political prestise authorized German quarters said Saturdaj DENY DIES CHARGES mswcr tin Tcxf Friday night j denied thai the communist party a general industry at Mount Olympus Nazi planer centered their attack on tiic Brit ;