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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 11, 1946, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALU NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Associated Press ard United Press Full Leased Tive Cents a O MASOV CITY IOWA THURSDAY APRIL 11 1946 Paper Consist at Two EC PROPOSE YEAR DRAFT EXTENSION Conservatives Strong in Jap Poll COMMUNISTS llT ELECTION SHOW SURPRISE VOTE Social Democrats Hold Early Lead With 37 Candidates Seated Tokyo h e communist party showed unexpected strength Thursday in early returns from the Japanese national election but trailed the darkhorse social demo cratsand the powerful conserva tiveminded progressive and liber al parties by large margins The social democrats held an early lead ivith 37 candidates def initely seated in the election to choose 466 memhers of the diet The liberals had elected 35 the progressives 34 the communists 3 cooperatives 3 minor parties 10 and independents 35 Fifteen women were among those who had won on the basis of early returns chiefly from urban sections Counting ot an estimated 30 000000 ballots still was far trom complete but competent observers predicted that the communists might win 15 seats whereas the most optimistic nonpartisan pre diction had been that they would get only 6 The surprisingly large number oE women who voted in Wednes days election upset preoallotingr calculations of the outcome An estimated 70 per cent of the elig ible women cast ballots roughly double the number anticipated Communists complained that more than 700000 eligible voters were prevented from voting be cause oi the neglectfulriess of eleci Vote MocArthur Tokyo oE bal lots in Wednesdays election were spoiled when Japanese voters wrote In the name of Gen Douglas IMacArtbur as iheir choice for a seat in the Japanese diet voting inspectors reported Thursday Other bal lots were Invalidated because they merely contained terse pencilled notes demanding more food tion officials but Brig Gen Courtney Whitney chief of allied headquarters government section said we are very pleased with the manner in which the election was conducted Japanese voters participated in the first free balloting in more than a decade in unusually large numbers It was estimated that between 60 and 63 per cent of the 40000000 eligible voters cast bal lots Nearly half the ballots in Tokyo were cast by women voting for the first time in their lives The city Is divided into 2 election dis tricts In the first Tokyo district which will elect 10 diet members early returns put Ichiro Hatoyama president of the liberal party and aspirant to the next premiership in the lead Communist Leader Sanzo Nozaka was in 5th place but wos expected to win a seat Mrs Shigeyo Takeuchi 66 year old doctor running on the liberal ticket was 4th Mrs Shizue Kato of the social democratic party led in the 2nd Tokyo district which sends 12 members to the diet She was formerly the Baroness Shizue Ishimoto Americaneducated birth control advocate The chief secretary of the com munist party Kyiuchi Tokuda was running 6th in the 2nd dis trict and was expected to win a seat The first candidate elected was 87 year old Yukio Ozaki long a member of thediet He polled 82287 votes in the Miye prefec ture in central Japan Airlines Campaign to Control Air Travel Washington nations airlines Thursday opened fire on rail water and motor interests trying to get into air transporta tion They dispatched a brief to con gress stating in effect that surface carriers belong on the surface And they said they wanted no part of proposals to put air under con trol of a federal agency which also would supervise surface transport Rear Adm Emory S Land president of the Air Transport association transmitted the air lines views to the house com merce committee as it prepared to begin an inquiry transport policy on national Senate Sends Housing Bill Back to House Washington JF The senate shunted the emergency housing bill back to the house Thursday and quickly turned to a compan ion measure intended to add 12 500000 new homes by 1356 This longrange bill came to the senates floor with the unani mous approval of Us banking committee Bipartisan backing is demonstrated by iis trio of au thors Senator Wagner D N Y Taft R Ohio and Ellender D La The bill is not linked to but fits in with the emergency hous ing legislation which the senate lowans Vote No Sen ators Hickenlooper tnd Wilson both republicans voted with the minority Wednesday when the seiiale passed the emergen cy housing bill 63 to 14 Pre liminary to final passage the 2 lowans had voted In favar of the adopted Kevercomb amend ment to the bill which removed a provision for ceilins prices on existing homes They both also vofed for a rejected amend ment which proposed a direct subsidy to veterans instead ot production premium payments on building materials passed Wednesday 63 to 14 and sent back to the house for action on amendments The emergency bill is designed to provide 2700000 new dwelling units largely for veterans by the end of next year Before it can reach President Truman for signature however the senate tindrhouse must agree on a compromise version to be worked out committee by a senatehouse The chief point of difference is the senate provision for 000 in subsidies to encourage the output of scarce building mate rials The house refused to permit these premium payments and both branches turned thumbs down on price ceilings for exist ing dwellings The administra tion from Mr Truman down had urged both these features Ceil ings on new houses were provided by the house and the senate alike The longrange bill makes no attempt to settle urgent housing problems It takes things slower and is based on the idea that easier government loans and mortgage guarantees might en courage more construction by private enterprise The legislation provides for di rect federal expenditures of about the first year with a rise to 5133000000 a year after 5 years Believe U S Backs Poland Request in U N on Spain Unitei States will support Polands request for lull United Nations security council discussion of the Spanish ques coupled with nazi atomic and rocket scientists working in Spain official sources revealed Thursday But it probably will continue to oppose any council action against Generalissimo Francisco Franco now unless Poland produces some airtight Francos atomic and war weapon research Injection of the atomic issue nto the Franco Spain problem lowever appeared to ease a little the earlier AngloAmerican rigid opposition even to council discus sion of Spain Poland seems assured of getting her case against Spain on the councils agenda It takes only any 7 votes of the 11 member council to do so But for council action afterward the 7 votes must in clude each of the Big Five Meanwhile diplomatic officials hailed Russias appointment of a new ambassador to the United States as a fresh sign Thursday of soviet faith In the United Na tions Moscow Wednesday night an nounced appointment of Nikolai TTCKOLAI NOVIKOV U N SELECTS MEETING SITE Sperry Plant in New York Is Picked New York William ODwyer announced Thursday the selection of the worldsjair site at Flushing Meadow asthe interim meeting place of the United Na tions The Sperry Gyroscope plant at Lake Success Long Island long considered as a passible site of the inlerim headguarters was chosen as office headquarters of Ihe Uniled Nations the mayor added The announcement was made after a meeting of Trygve Lie U N secretary general Grover Whalen who has been assisting U N officials in seeking a satis factory site in New York and the board of estimate of New York City ODwyer said that the city had agreed to advance for improving the Flushing Meadow park and the interior of tlie mu nicipal building now used as a skating rink The municipal building is con templated for meetings of the general assembly The mayor said Lie and the board of estimate entered into a verbal agreement on the pian to use the old worlds fair site startling evidence sponsorship of of V Novikov Washington as ambassador in succeeding Andrei A Gromyko Russias permanent representative on the U N se curity council State department officials later recently inquiries confirmed that Russia had made the usual about the acceptability of Noviko charge had been told the United States would welcome his appointment Diplomatic officials who related Nbvikovs appointment to Rus sias regard for the TJ N reasoned this way If the Soviet Union took lightly it would not have as signed an official of Gromykos stature and experience to devote full liijieto the council job Gromykos appointment was announced March 24 the day be fore the U N council met for the first time in New York It was not until Novikovs appointment was announced however that the world knew for certain that Gromyko would be a lulltime security council member with no ambassadorial chores to perform The U N job is one for which the special assignments of the blackhaired 38 year old soviet diplomat during the last 3 years have prepared him Gromyko has sat in on virtually every inter national conference having to do with the establishment of TJ N Mason Cityan Badly Injured in Collision Mrs June Kelso N Fed eral was in a criticalcondition Thursday afternoon following a tieadon collision between a truck and the car in which she was riding driven by Marion Soren son Jackson Minn Both were brought to Park hospital follow ing the accident which happened at a m Thursday on highway 10G 3 miles east of Clear Lake Mrs Kelso still unconscious in midafternoon Thursday suf fering from severe scalp injuries a broken leg andchest injuries The attending physician pro nounced her condition serious Sorenson had regained conscious ness but is suffering from head injuries and has several severed tendons in his right hand accord ing to tlie doctor who called his condition fair Sheriff Tim Phalen who in vestigated the accident said that the Sorenson car was going east ward and attempted to pass an other car going in the same di rection just as a Jacob E Decker and Sons truck driven by Maiien E Johnson approached from the east The Sorenson car was a mass of junk after the accident according to witnesses and the front wheels of the 3 ton truck were torn com pletely loose Johnson was un hurt continuing his run to Spen cer after his load had been trans ferred to another truck Mrs Kelso is tlie daughter o Mr and Mrs Oscar Dahl Boone House as the meeting place of the United Nations In reporting that the Sperry plant would be used for offices the mayor added that the city was guaranteeing that housing units to accommodate 4000 persons em ployed by the U N would be situated somewhere within the city and would be ready for oc cupancy by Jan 1 WantsMeat Subsidies Cut Washington h a I r m a n Flannagan DVa said Thursday the house agriculture committee has recommended removal of meat subsidies He told a reporter hat he com mittees views were expressed in a resolution which will be made public later He added that the groui did not advocate elimina tion of price controls The committee has been study ing the meat situation for three weeks and has heard explanations shortages and black markets from government officials cattle raisers packers and feed men Ameche Faces Suit Hollywood UR Film Actor Don Ameche Thursday faced a damage suit for injuries to an 18 year old messenger boy whovfell down stairs as he deliv ered a message to the actors home U N MILITARY of 5 na tions on the United Nations military staff committee stand together atop the Henry Hudson hotel in New York after meeting Wednesday Left to right are Admiral Sir Henry New York the quiet of a penthouse atop a midtown hotel some 20 men are laying down plans for organization of a military force which ultimately may develop into the most power ful the world has ever seen These experts moving with all the caution and secrecy their job demands compose the military staff committee of the United Na tions As the military organ of the security council the committee members make up a general staff for Uie worlds international police force whose task will be to pre vent and if need be suppress ag gression In the words the U N char ter their duty is to advise and assist the security council on all questions relating to the security councils military requirements for the maintenance of interna tional peace and security the em ployment and command of forces at its disposal the regulation of armaments and posible disarm ament An indication of the wide latl tndc that eTentnally will go to this small group of men can be seen in the charter provisions giv ing the security council full pow R Moore Great Britain Lt Gen P H Vasiliev Russia Gen 8hang Chen China Gen George C Kenney United States and Air Chief Marshal Martial Valin France AP Wirephoto POLIO VICTIM WALKS Mrs Sydney A Hunt 29 Cleveland Ohio infantile paralysis victim is shown with her husband on a pair of shoes he invented to aid her re covery She stands on the shoe platform and has her legs strapped to his Her husband then walks her about thus helping hergain strength Their 2 children Peggy Sue 2 and Patricia Ann 4 watch them AP Wirephoto Strikes At a Glance By UNITED PRESS Strikes and shutdowns kept 653000 American workers away from their jobs Thursday The major disputes FARM Farm Equipment and Metal Workers Harvester council meets Thursday to consider ratification of contract designed to send 30000 striking International Harvester employes back to work department schedules separate meetings with coal operators and AFL United Mine Workers officials after negotiations in strike of 300000 coal miners break down auto makers recall more than 40000 pro duction workers laid off because of steel and parts shortages smeltermen vote not to join strike of Buttc Mont miners operators strike Birmingham Ala bus and street car lines SENATE GROUP VOTES SERVICE PAY INCREASE Committee Refuses to Join House Groups Plan of 9 Month Extension Washington h e senate military committee recommended Thursday a full year extension the draft act At the same lime the committee sent along 4 different service pay increase plans for senate consid eration Chanman Elbert Thomas D said the pay boost proposals represented a committee compro mise The draft extension bill was pre pared by Senator Gurney RS Dak It also included a pay in crease provision Action came after a 3hour closed door session which began by a refusal to go along with the house military committees recom mendation of a ninemonth exten sion of the draft beyond May 15 Only one major change was made in the Gurncy bill This fixed the armys strength at 1550000 next July 1 and 1070000 for the same date in 1947 It would require consistent monthly reduction be tween those levels Senators esti mated this would mean release of 40000 men monthly The various pay increase pro posals sent on to the senate in cluded Gumeys plan for increasing the pay oE enlisted men Lowest grades would be boosted from the present monthly to with stagger ed increases giving top grades compared with the present 5138 An identical pay increase plan by Senator Revercomb HW Va which would be offered as a arate measure A bill bySenator aiaybank D S Car which would grant additional monthly to all of ficers and men of the armed serv ices while serving at sea or out side the Uniled States A bill by Chairman Thomas which would provide a flat 20 per cent pay increase for all men and officers in the armed serv ices This was asked by both the war and navy departments The Gvrney bill in the senate in addition to fixing army strength also calls for a top strength of 558000 for the navy and 108000 for the marines by July 1 1947 U S Studies Drastic Steps to Ease Foreign Bread Crisis i er to use armed force to give ef fect to its decisions in cases where it considers that such measures as severance of diplomatic relations economic relations and commun ications have failed Such enforcement action says the charter may include demon strations blockade and other op erations by air sea and land forces of members of the United Nations Chiefs of staff of the big United States United Kingdom Russia France and permanent members of this com mittee For the deliberations to date most of them have delegated top I advisers from land sea and air units The current U S repre sentation includes Gen George C Kenney air forces LtGen M B Ridgway army Admiral R K Turner navy and Capt Denys Knoll navy secretary Speculation naturally centers around the size of this gigantic military force and how much the 51 member nations each will con tribute in manpower and equip ment Most guesses sp far have leaned to the theory that the United States will contribute heavily in air and sea units with perhaps the largest share of the ground forces being drawn from Russia Anderson Says Nation to Fill Wheat Pledge May Cause Cut in Flour Washington govern ment held off Thursday its de cision whether more drastic slops are needed at home to tide famine areas abroad over the present critical shortage of bread Although the domestic conser vation program launched a month ago Thursday has failed to achieve the savings sought and exports to hungry areas have fal len behind promises officials con tinue to insist that foreign com mitments will be met In the face of an agriculture de partment report which raised doubts whether enough wheat re mains to meet both export needs and domestic demands at current levels Secretary of Agriculture Clinton P Anderson told a news conference Wednesday night that this country will fulfill its prom But he said the nation will have to observe fully all phases of the wheat conservation program And he added it might be necessary to force a 25 ppr cent cut in domes tic use of our between now and June 30 when the new winter wheat crop starts moving to mar ket in volume The British cabinet offered Wednesday to ration bread in Great Britain if the United States would do the same But Anderson made plain thai consumer rationing of either bread or flour during the present emergency is out of the question because he said rationing ma chinery could not be set up in time to help He emphasized however that he did not mean to imply that ra tioi ing might not be necessary later He explained that the future possibility of rationing of bread meats and other foods de pends on this years food produc tion WARN VETERANS OF SWINDLERS Reveal Numerous Types of Rackets in Iowa DCS Moines and sharpers are separating some Iowa veterans from their wartime sav ings puts month would Inductions in any be determined by say 3 lowans whose work them into contact with the problem Pitfalls against the un wary cxGI is advised to guard include unregistered and worth less oil and mining stocks certain types of endowment policies sold by mail and unprotected down payments The words of warning were sounded in interviews by Charles R Fischer state insurance com missioner Walter Robinson Iowa Veterans Administration Loan Guarantee officer and Hal R Sheridan manager of the Des Moines Better Business bureau Fischer stressed the hazard of buying stocks from unlicensed se curities salesmen ot the flyby night type They are looking for veterans because veterans have fresh money Fischer said Ife also said caution should be used in connection with mailor der securities and endowment pol iciesas mailing lists for some such promotions are made up exclu sively of names of discharged vet erans Both Sheridan and Robinson said veterans should be wary of payments requested pre liminary to an application for a GI loan Robinson said that some times preliminary payments are asked so the fellow will be as sured of his commission if the loan does not go through the number of actual volunteers in the preceding month Higher service pay also came up for consideration on the other side of the capital A house mili tary subcommittee withdrew a previous recommendation for a flat 5400 a year increase and voted a sliding scale ot boosts starting with 50 per cent extra for privates The group recommended sub ject to full committee approval these raises for army personnel and men of corresponding rank in other services Buck privates to month ly 1st class privates to corporals to sergeants to staff sergeants to technical sergeants to 1st and master sergeants 138 to Second lieutenants to annually 1st lieutenants to captains to majors to lieutenant colonels to BoO colonels to For army chief warrant offi cers the committee recommended a raise from to an nually while for naval petty of ficers it approved a monthly in crease from to House debate on a 9 months ex tension of the draft is scheduled to start Friday with a final vote doped for late Saturday No ac tion on the pay raise measure is expected until after the Easter re cess Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Cloudy and continued cold Thursday night with low est temperature about 28 Iowa Cloudy and continued cold Thursday night with freezing temperatures Friday partly cloudy and warmer Minnesota Partly cloudy Thurs day night and Friday Warmer Friday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Thursday morning Maximum 45 Minimum 31 At 8 am Thursday 32 Precipitation H Snow 6 YEAR AGO Maximum 7S Minimum ;