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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, April 11, 1945

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 11, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME CPAH WISrolY THE NEWSPAPER THAT Associated Press and United Full leased Wires Fivt Centi a Copy I MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY APRIL 11 1915 MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Paper Consists at Two SectionsSection One JjQ j 9TH ARMY 64 MILES FROM BERLIN INSIDE WASHINGTON Frisco Conferees Hove Heavy Responsibilities By HEIEN ESSAKV Central Press Columnist one little job Im glad I havent got gob blerup of front row seats hat I am Im glad Im not a delegate to that San Francisco peacemaking conference What a prospect thai would be1 I cant think of any more appalling responsibility than drawing up a chair at that meet ing and making plans for perma nent peace Plans did I say Pretty plans I meant to say Pretty plans thought up in the hope of pleasing millions of outraged bloodthirsty selfish greedy bleeding suffer ing victorious rebellious trium phant defeated peoples Yes Use all adjectives Because all the peoples of all the world conquerors and conquered do have to like the work of the San Francisco conference dont they Otherwise that next World war which we are already speaking so jauntily soon will be upon us This present struggle has involved so many shades and styles of hu man beings that the nice words of peace treaty delegates put down on this lovely parchment or may be papyrus will have to both soothe and intimidate every form of human life from the tarantula up I am glad I dont have to pre tend wisdom in San Francisco If I were one of those supremely honored and it would be a sup remo honor 3d be praying to all the gods to give me courage and farseeing eyes come April 25 One of the reasons the center cnce is going to be so difficult to cope with is that it has already been so built up so glorified Much more than mortals can ar range is expected of this meeting of troubled uncertain men and 3yomen Cheering ypTthesmaller nations have beeivfcnbwn to bring oh wars that serifthe bigger nations on tie quick road to destruction keeping Latin America calm There indeed is technique needed Making the vanquished glad they were vanquished by such superior people keeping sharp eyes on those who say they are our blood or lendIease broth ers Preserving the American peo ple happy and free from here are a few of the chores that await the delegates Toor souls they will need to be combinations of John the Baptist Savanarola Thomas Jefferson Abraham Lincoln the Wizard of Oz Copernicus Billy Sunday Father Time ana all the Blessed Saints Interesting note to be remem bered every American with whom I have discussed the con ference says It can be made to succeed Every foreigner has said scornfully The conference it will accomplish nothing It will be what you bust The Newly arrived Ambassador From Italy Alberto Tarchiana is anxious to bring the Italian em bassy to life again One of the most agreeable residences of the foreign representatives in Wash ington the embassy was a de lightful place to go in the happy prewar days Whliin its walled garden in spring and summer llowers blossomed and fountains trickled contentedly Indoors me dieval Italian furnishings and warm color made formal gather ings less formal Xow of course there is no gay ety at the embassyII looKs as if Jt had been years since anybody lived in the place although the Swiss legation neutral custodians of enemy property gave the hold ing excellent care Mrs Richard K Sutherland wife of Jlaj Gen Sutherland chief of staff for Gen Douglas MacArthur is one of the prettiest women in town Cameo features sleek black hair smart eiothes attractive manner Tennessee ac cent You like her without a struggle One Returned General says the allies wont have to punish Hitler him to his own people They will be so enraged at his failure theyll tear him to pieces Also the devastation of German cities and the horrors we have properly infticted on the German nation have broken the famous warlike Teuton spirit The Ger man people will beg for peace for generations to come Dont say nonsense Dont ar gue with me Im only quoting a returned fighter TAKE SLAVE LABOR Paris nazis are driv ing ablebodied slave workers be fore then as hoy back into the shrinking reich according to Brig Gen Stanley R Mickelsen United States army chief of staff of the displaced persons branch of supreme allied headquarters Moscow Reports Reds Encircle SAY RUSSIANS Morines Seize Sub Base as Jap Resistance Stops Drive on Okinawa Capital 11 i r NEAR BRUENN Open Offensive to Reduce Garrison at Breslau in Silesia London completed the encirclement of Vienna and with tommyguns and grenades compressed the doomed nazi garrison into the eastern onetenth of the tottering Austrian capital front dispatches to the Moscow press announced Wednes day These accounts also said that the right wing of Marshal Rodion Malinovskys 2nd Ukrainian army had invaded the central Czecho slovak province of Moravia it points less than 35 miles front the great city of Bruenn Farther north the Germans said other soviet forces in an allout assault to reduce the Oder river fortress of Breslau had stormed II Guam Japanese resistance stalled the 4th armv push toward Naha in southern Okinawa Wednesdayhat the north seized a submarine base in a mile and a half advance Other army troops unlocked entrance to Nafcagusuku Bay one of the finest naval anchorages south of Japan with an amphibi ous landing Tuesday on tiny Tsugen Tsukata island about 10 miles off the southeast coast of forces Okinawa The invasion troops stormed quickly Inland from thesouth coast and captured the town of into Richthofen Silesian city square in that Inside Vienna the ragtag nazi force including schoolboys pilots and sailors fighting as infantry had been pushed back on an island against the Danube by Rus sian storm nniis sweeping forward in handtohand fighting Com plete elimination of this enemy holdout group appeared likely in a matter of hours Red army storm units now were operating in the 3mile long 14 mile wide crescent ol land be tween the Danube river and the Danube area which in cludes the old Jewish quarter of Leopoldstadt and the Brigittenau and Prater commercial districts Everything west and south of the canal had been mopped up by the Russians There was no indication that the Germans yet had blown the 4 bridges over he Danube one of which probably already is in Kus sian hands a Moscow dispatch said The Germans still could fight their way eastward across the Danube on the Z main bridg HJb iuaju Keichsbruecke and irat once on the other side the nazis would face the gun muzzles of aialinovskys men who already had closed in on the only escape road to Bruenn Soviet front dispatches reported that German artillerymen sur rounded in the famed Vienna woods fired shells into the citys ancient ring smashing buildings and stores before thej were liquidated East and north of the Danube Malinovskys forces seized a dozen of Viennas suburbs from Deusch Wagram on the Marchfeld plain in the north to Muehleiten near the river on the south In addition to cleaning up the districts of Vienna lying west and south of the canal Marshal Feodor t Tolbukhins 3rd Ukrainian army spread out along the Danube to the northeast and by some unof ficial accounts had crossed to the east bank Tsugen against only slight oppo sition Moderate resistance in the form of small arms and mortar fire developed later but officers expected the entire mile long is land soon would be in American hands Japanese broadcasts said Amer ican warships already were oper ating in Nakagusuku Bay Nearly of the Okinawa shore of the bay has been captured Marines captured Japanese j pens and other naval installations at Unten Bay on he north coast of Motobu peninsula which juts out of the west coast of northern Okinawa Tuesday after beating off 2 small enemy counterattacks t h e previous Yanks Crush Resistance in South Luzon Manila American troops Wednesday crushed all organized Japanese resistance in southern Luzon and seized complete control of the Sulu Archipelago in the southern Philippines Elements of Hie Hth airborne division shattered the final Japa nese defenses in southern Luzon with a 22mile drive that carried from Lucena to the east coast at Atimonan 72 miles southeast of Manila night Torpedoes and mines were seized at Unten Bay but the en emy had evacuated all submarines and other craft The base was known to have been a lair for midget submarines though larger types aJso may have used it IM marines decimated counl eratlacking Japanese Monday night then advanced their lines to Unten Bay in the northwest and the Manna river in the south east Tsuwa village was captured While resistance continued al most nonexistent in the north troops of the army corps in the south were fighting a battle almost as bloody as IAVO in an effort to crack through the last i miles to Naha capital of Oki nawa Marine artillery was moved south to supplement army guns in the heaviest artillery bom bardment of the Pacific war Naval runs ranging up to the 16 inch rifles of battleships offshore also were pounding away at the enemy defenses The Japanese were answering almost shot for shot and had the advantage of emplacements on 2 ridges from which they can ob serve every American move In the face of this murderous cross fire no American advances at all were reported in hours The the past 24 Japanese were fighting from caves and underground pill boxes and blockhouses Almost impossible to reach with artillery or bombs they have to be du out with flamethrowers and bayonets BARUCH VISITS 3RD Paris UR Bernard Earner e President Roosevelts emissary All organized enemy resistance in southern Luzon has collapsed and its liberation is at hand Gen Douglas MacArthur announced Virtual completion of the con quest of southern Luzon came as veteran troops of Maj Gen Jens A Does 41st division seized con trol of the entire Suiu Archipelago with the occupation of the princi pal portion ol Jolo island Jolos capital city of the same name and the 4000foot Zettel airfield were captured by the 41st troops which made a double land ing Monday on the island midway in the 200mile long Archipelago stretching from Mindanao in the southwestern Philippines to Bor neo Otherunits ofthe 41st division also invaded Busuanga island north of Americancontrolled Pal awan across the Sulu sea from Mindanao and ended Japanese control of approximately 3000 lep ers in the Culion colony largest leper colony in the world The landing at Coron bay on Busuanga was made without oppo silion and a supply shin immedi ately begran unloadingmedical supplies and first the colony had received in 3 years On Luzon the Japanese forces were cut into small isolated pock ets m the southern hills by the American drive to the east coast While organized resistance was broken the enemy stragglers banded together for suicidal banzai charges rather than surrender At Malaraya hill south of La bay a large group of fanati cal enemy troops plunged head long into strong American posi tions for 2 hours around dawn The screaming Japanese attacked so frercely the Americans turned heavy artillery guns against them and Jeft the field littered with scores of enemy bodies The invasion of Jolo in the Sulu Archipelago gave the Americans contra of the 3 main islands in the group and left only a scattering of islets in Japanese hands Tho oth across Basilan strait from Zamboanga and Tawo Tawi in the northeastern Capture Essen Battle for City of Brunswick of fAwVThf V w9h army thrust to of Berlin at Wulferstedt Wednesday captured the Krupp mu nitions capital ot Essen and fought against an exmrino German defense of Brunswick in swiftranging armored advances reported that American have captured Coburg 49 miles from the Czechoslovak border The Hell on Wheels 2nd armored division whipped the north German plain 1 to within 25 miles of the Elbe river and the large city of Magdeburg 65 miles from the German capital The 1st army continued its ad vance eastward from last reported positions 120 miles from Russian NAZIS MAY PUSH HITLER ASIDE Rumors That Himmler Will Assume Command London Evidence has reached official quarters in Lon OP GERMAJv corps men of the 3rd U S army and a German Keichsbank official check count of bags of currency uncovered in German hoard discovered in a salt mine at Markers April 7 The treasure trove also contained 100 tons of gold bullion Operators UMW to Ratify New Coal Wage Contract a year expense for the industry Negotiators for the 2 reached agreement Tuesday night shortly after the government seized 235 coal mines that had S130 for miners and a been beset traceable in by wildcat strikes part to the uncer tainty of the nearly 6 weeks of wage discussions The seized mines were located in 7 Ohio Alabama Virginia Indiana Ten nessee and for the most part were he socalled cap tive mines operated fay steel com panies The new contract which still must receive government approv al will be put in final form by an OparatorsUMW subcommit tee Wednesday afternoon and placed before the full negotiatin committee for final ratification at p m EWT The 10cents a ton royally de manded by UMW President John L Lewis was not in the final con tract Industry sources said con cessions wsn by the DMW would mean a 25 cents a ton increase in production costs of coal but would not mean added output This assertion will when the war labor studied BOMBERS SMASH SOUTHERN REICH Hit Yards at Munich Regensburg Nuernberg London than 2100 American war planes smashed Wednesday at war facilities deep in the southern reich in the inner triangle of Munich Begensburg and Nuernberg Halifax heavies it the RAF joined the attack on south Ger many Wednesday afternoon They hit rail yards at Nuernberg and Bayreuth The American attack was car ried out by about 1300 Flying Fortresses and Liberators with an escort of more than 850 Mustang and Thunderbolt fighters depots ordnance depots freight yards airfields and an explosives of them vital to any ing situation are shoving possibly in don that the nazis aside Adolf Hitler favor of Gestapo Chief Heinrich Himmler the Press association said Wednesday A serious split among nazi leaders appears o be going on the lobby correspondent of the Press association said Foreign observers state Hitler now looks to be a dying man The correspondent said the nazis appeared to be throwing over Hitler as the German disaster in the west grew almost hourly The dispatch did not elaborate on the reports Himmler mentioned in the dis patch as possible successor to Hit ler as supreme ruler in Germany is interior minister and com mander of the German home army in addition lo head of the dreaded gestapo Himmler once before was ru mored to have become acting fuehrer ol Germany That was im mediately following the abortive attempt on Hitlers life last sum mer but all evidence indicated that Hitler again had taken over the reins following his recovery from wounds Diploma tic sources gave serious attention to the Press association lines The swift moving 1st army sped across theThuringian plain south of the Harz mountains to an un specified point 120 miles from the Russian lines in a supreme ef fort to cut Germany in two and bar access to the Alpine redoubts from the north Essen a blackened ruin in which 659174 persons lived be fore Hitler loosed hts armies b the home of the sprawling Krupp munitions and iron works It is the birthplace of Reichsmarshal Hermann Goeritig andwas the 6th largest city in Germany Unconfirmed reports reaching supreme headquarters saidBruns xvick had fallen Airborne troops captured Es sen The 79th Cross of Lorraine division had fought into its de brispiled streets 2 days ago Es BULLETIN With U S 9th Army TVThe 9th army reached the Elbe river at Magdeburg 64 miles from Berlin Wednesday oaaiViailUlL nvu U4 H11U U Ig III Unl dispatch since that agency fre1 rupfed by the bombers sen was built atop one of the earths largest coal deposits American artillery shells started the city March 10 alter the 9th army reaped the Rhine The Krupp and other foundries worked day and nljht unless dts 5uently is used fo circulate infor mation from official circles Aerial reconnaissance ami neu tral reports meantime indicated that the Germans have evacuated millions of civilians from Berlin once the worlds 4th largest city Th city apparently has been MVlMUCia WllCl nave attacked the city for nearly years The Krupp works had been rebuilt 7 times in this war and they employed 100000 skilled workmen In the north the British 2nd army broadened and strengthened front armor south of KUOHJHHJ nia uecii Q irom ot armor south nf stripped for an impending siege besieged Bremen in preparation from the east and the west for fhe final blow to that great Six reconnaissance flyers who Port and submarine center I1 i r swept over the burnedout Ger man capita at low level Tuesday said they saw not a human being or a moving vehicle in the streets Not a single burst of antiaircraft fire disturbed them Night reconnaissance flyers however said trains were leaving Berlin under cover of darkness presumably moving out the last of the civilian refugees or possibly shifting troops south to the Alps for a last stand A Berlin dispatch to the Zurich newspaper Diefat said several Chief targets were oil storage nunclred thousand inhabitants had coots rfonnfa frafo14 eft the capital in the past fort night alone because of the worsen ciiiuii W1JJ uc suictied aji oi inem vital to any contract goes before the I German attempt to make a stand board office of price H the southern inner fortress loieis in iiapancse Hands Tho othvviu aDor ooard office of price1 tnc southern inner f er 2 islands were Basilan in the administration and Stabilization The attack followed a n north across Basilan strait fro William H Davis T Olly a bare trickle ot food has Other British troops rolled up steady gains alonjr the western end of a wide front in northern Germany beating down the last aO miles toward Hamburg and the 30 toward the Helgoland Bight ihe Canadians were within 10 miles of the North sea Canadian troops fought across the Issel river in Holland in the area of captured Deventer 40 300 toward Appeldorn 71158 in an attack that may soon faring the great Dutch ports of Amster dam and Rotterdam under Cana ault by 800 RAF bombers Juuiv uj oyu llir OOmDCrs extension of fhe old contract comes to an end on April 3D Some sources doubted however that the WLB would approve the new agreement without modifica tion of some of its provisions Such action was expected to pre cipitate a new battle between the board and Lewis 2 old adversar ies miles south of Leipzig The rail yards at Leipzig and I Plaucn communications centers j for German operations facing both the Russians and the Ameri cans were heavily bombed Berlin was attacked 3 times during the night In all 800 RAF bombers were over the reich dian guns A P Correspondent Robert Wilson reported from Field Marshal Montgomerys headquarters Jua The nearest approach fo thp through the allied air Russians was at L unspeclfed I blockade of Berlin the dispatch i Point 19 miles southeast of the on Even army rations were said supply base of Nordhausen 115 to have been cut severely Milk j miles from Berlin Gcn Eisen yiSlmOSt even for hower said German rcsistancVhi he west has collapsed Gen Omar Bradleys armies were within 57 miles of the great Saxony city of Leipzig also men aced by the Russians The German communique said the 9th army had broken into Bochum a coal steel and rail center in the Kuhr trap p The enemy asserted that the 7th Wards Charges 2 Officers in Control With Misconduct Chicago Crailsheim 94 miles from Munich Wednesday awaited a report from i m e army nd G cents an i Masnn City Occasional showers takc immediate action to protect t r an cents an i asnn ty Occasional showers ac mmediate action to protect on tne Isse nour for second shift No differi Wednesday afternoon and early i he Ward properties at San Rafael fn and Z cnltals arc now paid j Wednesda u i s iCnl and J Pled to the Canadians tl ue fn and Zwolle top A vacation payment of S75 an nually to oil miners The cnt payment is S50 A 7hour day at SI an hour with time and onehalt pay for the eighth hour of work and Sl50 ay iCnl and Jamaica N Y o e anaians 1 In a letter to Maj Gcn Joseph r and i Byron army manager of the crmann Goering iron er seized properties Person Bruswiek partly cloudy and cooler pros y er o e P1CS Iowa Showers Wednesday after seized properties Person sa id ft Th BruSswiek noon and in east portion army operations at the 2 stores had niir wiVv i nd i u near Kremcn also were captured more for the ninth which is com puted as underground travel time The present WLBordered agree ment provides pay for an esti mated 45 minutes travel at two thirds the rate and overtime pre mium pay only after 40 hours of work in the week In addition to the royalty other UMW demands dropped were for employers to furnish explosives and accessories safety union made tools improved hous ing inclusion ol a clause protect ing war veterans seniority rights elimination of geographical dit ferentials and the right to strike YEAR AGO to prevent delivery of coal to cm Maximum ploycre whose workers are en Minimum gaged in a Icsal strike precipitation Wednesday night Thursday partly cloudy and cooler Minnesota Scattered showers Wednesday partly cloudy Wed nesday night and Thursday with showers extreme north Thurs day Cooler south and slightly warmer northeast Wednesday night Little change in tempera ture Thursday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Tuesday 75 Minimum Tuesday 56 At 8 a m Wednesday 56 Precipitation 23 inches SO 32 12 impaired employe morale inter fered with service to customers and exposed the company to fi nancial loss Pearson snid the company had affidavits to prove that some of the controlling army officers forced attentions on female em ployes in a manner destructive to store morale He accused sev eral of the officers at San Rafael of drunkenness and of entertain ing girls in the store Affidavits covering many other instances of reported misconduct could not be obtained because the witnesses have husbands or sons in the army and fear retaliation Pearson added The Ward stores were among pcrties in 7 riiios seized Dec 28 to entorc labor board directives i uau captured Advances of up to 40 miles were recorded in the last 24 hours The Harz mountains of central Ger many were being bypassed Every remaining city and factory in Ger many was threatened by armies ot the west east and south moving m for the final kill under Ameri can British Canadian Russian and other allied banners The drive from Italy in the Po val ley menaced the redoubt country from the south Fighting continued inside the Ruhr centers of Essen 660000 and Dortmund 537000 and in Heilbronn Hamburg Magdeburg Weimar and Nuernberg all were menaced Half of the Ruhr pocket was war I once trapped force of up to 150 000 Germans w c r c compressed ;