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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 11, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTOay AND A3C OE3 HO I HES COMP THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL Associated Press and United Press Full Lcated Wires iFivc Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY APRIL 11 1944 This Paper Co NO ISO NAZIS IN PANIC BEFORE ODESSA WAS CAPTURED Waterfront Seethed as Troops Made Disordered Attempt to Flee Port BULLETINS London red army has occupied Kerch in the Crimea Marshal Stalin announced Tues day night London F c d o r I Tolbukhins fourth army of the Ukraine has captured Dzhankoi railroad junction commanding all of the northern Crimea in a whirl wind campaign sweeping 37 miles deep into the Black sea peninsula in 4 days Moscow announced Tuesday Moscow bombers and artillery shattered an at tempted Black sea Dunkirk evac uation oE doomed Odessa killing thousands of German and Ro manian troops scrambling in wild disorder to escape front dis patches revealed Tuesday In the last hours of the battle for Odessa another red army opened a two way offensive against the 100000 to 150000 axis troops stranded in the Crimea smashing across the northern plains of the Black sea peninsula into the Ishun hills controlling the transport to all major Cri mean cities Far to the northwest soviet mobile forces swarmed 62 miles into Romania forced the Sirct and Suceava rivers on a 45 mile front in a drive aimed at the Galati bottleneck guarding the approaches to Bucharest First reports on the fate of Odessa garrison disclosed that a desperate attempt to flee by set was thwarted by a soviet land and air bombardment oE the makeshift evacuation fleet and the speed with which Gen Ro clion Y Malinovskys army broke into the city Dispatches from Odessa said that in the last 48 hours of axis resistance the Black sea port was like a madhouse The water front seethed as panicky Germans and Romanians made a mad rush to board barges tugs ships row boats and rafts Most of the shipping collected for the flight was Romanian bu the nazis refused to let their Ko WALKING THROUGH fire fighters garbed in asbestos suits above walk through gasoline flames in a demonstration for cadets truining to be assist ant operations officers at the naval air station at Atlanta Ga Yank Flyers Steadily Enlarge Control in Pacific Theater Washington air forces are steadily enlarging their control in the Pacirie theater Navy Secretary Knox told a press conference Tuesday in newsmen department maps il lustrating the progressive com pression of the ring around Tokyo since U S forces occupied Guad alcanal in the fall ot 1042 Tornadoes in Arkansas Are Fatalvto24 By THE ASSOCIATED IKESS A series of tornadoes killed 24 persons in Arkansas Monday night Other tornadoes in Okla homa and Texas killed 1 person each Violent spring storms and floods left a trail of property damage in other parts of the southwest The Arkansas tornadoes killed 5 persons at Iulaski i county 5 near Stutsarl 2 at Pine Bluff 1 at Monroe I at Duncan and 10 Xcsrocs at Duncan and Parkin At least 140 persons were in jured in Arkansas Floods fed by icavy rains routed hundreds of families from their homes in the Arkansas river watershed of Ok lahoma and Kansas and in Kins Fisher county in western Okla iioma Heavy snowfall in the Rocky mountains caused slides which marooned 32 motorists at Bcr thoud pass vcst of Denver The midwest area office of the Red Cross at St Louis reported than in addition to the dead there were 141 injured in the Arkansas Oklahoma and Texas tornadoes The storms affected 515 families totaling 2100 individuals de stroyed 110 houses and damaged 215 others Fifteen persons were seriously injured and between 40 and 50 slightly injured at a conscientious objectors camp near Magnolia Ark where 15 buildings were down A tornado which in jured at least 12 persons struck 4 miles north of Pine Bluff tear ing down telephone wires and virtually isolating that city Tor nadoes caused property damage near Walnut and rUitchinson Kans but no casualties were re ported OF SUPPLY TO ITALY BLASTED Allied Bombing Fleets Strike Heavily at Railroads and Ports 2000 US Planes Hit Nazis After RAFs Heaviest Raid POSSIBLE RUSSIAN DRIVES arrows indicate pos sible red army thrusts bcyonil the battlcfronl broken line established with Hie capture of Odessa Russians in Odessa area may push toward Galati on the plain between Romanias mountains ami the Danube river Red army forces to tlic north are poised for a smash into the Tatar pass leadins into old CzechoSlovakia maniai allies board the vessels shoving them from the quays and beating them back with rifle butts dispatches reported The Germans looted Odessa re ports from the city said but the speed of the soviet breaking left them no time to raze what was left of the city There were no estimates of the number of troops in Odessa when the Russians made their trium phant entry but only a handful of the invasion army in the Ukraine recently numbering up to 100000 managed to escape by sea Soviet planes hovered over the port and seaway night and day bombing and gunning every ship which emerged They also blasted trains and columns trying to make their way westward to the ferry crossing of the broad Dncstr la goon Along the highways west of i Odessa disorderly groups of axis Jroops were overtaken by the veci rmy Hundreds were run down nd crushed under the treads oi ussian tanks and others were bered by cavalrymen or mowcc vn by Tommy gunners on mo tycles The maps detailed the danger ous period of swift Japanese ex pansion beginning Dec 7 1941 and the subsequent period of American counterstrokes start with tlie Marcus and Wake Island raids in February 1942 and developing with the naval engagement near Midway occu pations of the Solomons the Gil berts and Marshalls and the ousting enemy from stra tegic holdings In New Guinea and the Aleutians This said Knox of the maps gives a picture of steady thrusts by us and no major counter attacks Knox also stated he was confi dent that British forces in India will be able to halt the current Japanese drive near Imphal Stating that the Jap operation involved only a small number of men and that he did not regard it as particularly serious Knox said The British ought to be able to beat it and no doubt will Asked at his press conference about reported concentration of Japanese fleet units at Singapore the secretary said such reports lad been received but it was un lerstood now that the enemy orce has been dispersed so far as we know He noted that throughout the acific area therehas been nothing startling since the Palau attack which started March 20 and continued for r days and in which American naval strength sent 46 enemy vessels to the bot om Otherwise the principal Pacific action has been steady aerial lammering at Japanese islands within areas we control V Bay War Savings Bonds and ftamps from your GlobeGazette iTrier boy No Letup in Nippon Drive Against India By RICHAKD C Associated Press War Editor The Japanese threat against the allied supply line into China and northern Burma was unabated Tuesday but the enemy has giveri up more than half of New Britain in the Southwest Pacific and is preparing for a lastditch fight around the bombbattered citadel of Rabaul Allied Headquarters coinmuui qucd the Japanese have with drawn from Gasmata and Cape Hoskins in central New Britain and that U S troops now control more than half the junglecovered island But there was no letup in Japans drive into India Adm Lord Louis Mountbatteivs allied communique reported enemy pressure was maintained against a defended locality in the Kohima area 35 miles from the rickety but allimportant BengalAssam railroad which the allies use to supply Lt Gen Joseph Stilwclls forces in northern Burma and to feed allied airdromes in China Discussing the Japanese plight on New Britain past which the war has swirled and left it im portant only as a stubborn island of enemy strength an allied head quarters spokesman estimatec that onefifth of the original 50 000 enemy troops on New Britain when the allied campaign began last December has been killed captured or lost through disease r starvation Nippon Rear Admiral Claims 234 Allied Subs Have Been Sunk By UNITED PRESS Rear Adm Yoshizuma Oka di ector of the naval affairs bureau of the Japanese navy ministry said Monday that 234 allied sLib narines had been sunk or de stroyed by Japanese up to the end of February These figures are conservative Buy War Savings Itontls and Stamjis from your carrier hoy mations he stud in a speech quoted by the Tokyo radio and recorded by the United Press at San Francisco In spite of Adm Chester Kim iir statement that submarines will play the most important role in the Pacific war our records show a phenomenal increase of the en emys losses as seen in the fact that 4 submarines were sunk within only G days from March 31 to April 5 It is significant that this report comes from only ouc of our he concluded Allied Headquarters Naples UR bombing fleets struck icavily Tuesday at the rail and sea incs of supply for the nazi armies n southern Italy while 5th army ground forces repulsed smallscale ernian attacks on the beachhead and in the mountains ibove Cassino a v c s of ItAF Wellington lombcrs hit the west coast supply lorts of Iiombino and San Stefano jeforc dawn Tuesday in the wake of a scries of heavy American day ierlil raids 011 the network of rail road lines feeding into Komc from Florence and the Adriatic coast The British raiders opened their attack late Monday night and con Linucd to pound the enemy ports or 5 hours dropping block busters and fire bombs on harbor instal lations railroad yards and in dustrial targets German antiaircraft batteries threw up a heavy barrage and 2 formations of nazi night fighters attempted to intercept the raiders but all ihe Wellingtons returned safely Returning pilots said extensive damage was inflicted on both har bors which the had been using as terminals for small block ade runners bringing in supplies from southern France Weather conditions again grounded the allied heavy bomb ers Monday but swarms of medi um bombers fighterbombers and fighters picked up the offensive centering their attacks on rail road targets above Rome Flying more than 900 sorties the daylight raiders hit Orvielo Attigliano Poggibonsi Tcrni Po poli Falconara and Marina Di Pisa and gave both San Stefano and Piombino a softeningup bombing before the RAF night attack One formation of Mitchell bombers scored damaging hits on railway bridge at Orvieto aiiU on another north of Ortc while bombs from American marauders blew out 2 sections of a 600foot viaduct at Bncinc on the Flo renceRome line Fierce Blows Fall on Vital Nazi Transportation Points EDITORS XOTK Tin following dispatch from United Ircss War Correspondent Edward lieattic written under the strict censor ship imposed on all speculation concerning the oncntim of the western front calls attention to the massive iiower of allied air blows hurled during the past 21 hours against German communications supporting the Atlantic defense system 15 EDWAttU W BKATT1K London bombers dropped around 5000 short tons of bombs Monday and Monday night on the German transportation system concentrating on an area which feeds the French channel coast with reinforcements guns ntl munitions The attack was of a Postpone Game The baseball game scheduled here Tuesday between Mason City and Rockwell has been postponed because of rain H will be played Wednesday 6 oclock if the fighters hit targets in the Rome area for the 20lh consecutive day and bombed and machine gunned road lines below the cap ital in an effort to choke off the flow of supplies lo the nazi forces on the Anzio and Cassino fronts Other raiders attacked shipping off the Jugoslav coast sinking 4 enemy vessels Two allied planes were lost in the day and night operations while one Germ a n plane was shot down by a French i coastal air force pilot between i Spain and north Africa On the Aimo beachhead lirilj isb troops drove off one nazi Q trol of platoon strength in the sector southwest of Anrilia and American skirmishers ambushed small enemy raiding parly FLOOD THREAT IS INCREASING Rains Fall Near Already Swollen Missouri River Omalia rains as lar north as Sioux City Iowa in creased fears Tuesday that the al readyswollen Missouri may leave its banks in a repetition of last springs disastrous flood With farmers already evacua ting livestock and building dikes the rain commenced falling Mon day grew into a steady downpour Monday night and was continuing over most of the area early Tues day Nearly H inches of rain fell in the Omaha area in the last Across the river from Sioux ity farmers and volunteers built 30iiich dike of sand bags and earth as the rising Missouri backed wiilcr up in the Big Sioux rivei and threatened several homes ir the northwest part of South Siou City Nebr Trouble spot in Nebraska appar ently was Blair about 15 miles north of Omaha where County Red Cross Chairman H Lylc Guyer warned lowland resident to evacuate to higher ground Oi the Iowa side near Blair the rive backed vip a mile from its bank but the inundated area was most uncultivated land Two lines were used o re iitforcc dikes the Bower river enters the Missouri in Iot tawaltamic county Iowa after tile rising waters already had readied several farms Tile water line was within 23 feet of the pavement between Onnwii and Blcncoe Iowa and farmers were piling sandbags on levees in the pickle city area A new dike constructed by army engineers after last springs flood was expected to hold at Nebraska City where the river had risen above the official flood level of 15 feet early Monday GERMAN PLANE PLANTS LASHED BY BIG FORCE 900 British Bombers Attack French and Belgian R R Centers condition of the field permits If the field is too wet tor playing conditions Wednesday the con test will be staged Thursday CRASHES IN SWEDEN Stockholm German war plane was shot down by Swedish antiaircraft fire over southern Sweden Tuesday and crashed in flames killing the crew The in cident occurred as the 1 Hh U S bomber to land here since Easier came dmvn at The ciew was unbanned 3S Use Shotguns in Riot a small enemy raiding parlv D 1 I miles west of Iittoria killing 3 31 Rehabilitation men wounding 2 others and capj luring a 6th i Ft laclisim S far Four German troops attempted a vcru wounded one serious minor attack against Italianheld positions on Mount Manone IB miles northwest of Cassino but oneis tllc rehabilitation center were beaten off after suffering light casualties Allied field guns continued to pound German positions around Ihe Continental hotel and the Ho tel DCS Roses inside Cassino and allied tanks shelled enemy tar gets along the Rapido river j Headquarters spokesmen rc vcalcd that partiallydisabled German veterans of the Russian campaigns have been moved into the Italian front as replacements here last weekend the post public relations office disclosed Tuesday The brief announcement said the rioters hurled coal damaged prop erly and massed against a guard tower before the guards opened lire Arrangements were made to re Uirn pariicipanls in the disturb iince to federal priions The center 1 was set up to rehabilitate military prisoners lor return lo army units which have seemed incredible 0 lonths ago if directed against ierlirt or any oi the reichs other ital targets but in fact it was mly the first big climax in a ampaign which included 1C day ir night attacks on rail communi alions during March alone British and American air power row have come fully into their wn in u day and night Iripham ncr offensive from tarxels near he channel deep into Poland It is in offensive which deals shatter K blows at the sources of Ger nau air power ami at production centers which feed the uayi land iiachine but which at the same hue is steadily softening mi in vasion land for the western front come This versatile offensive never would have been possible without Ihe huge preponderance of aii jjowcr built up on the air fields of the British isles and withoul he American offensive againsl 3crman fighter strength which uis reduced the to the status of a sec ond rate opponent Because the allies between them have developed that pre ponderance and have forced the German air force into a desperate conservation of its strength they can throw their wtiole weight into 1 A steady campaign ot stra tegic attrition of German war production and 2 This new against com munications which feed life into the re i civs western defenses And they can combine both at tacks without giving away theii invasion hand The Germans know the purpose of the current raids on key rail road junctions in France the low countries and Germany as well as anyone else but there is nothing n those attacks to lip the lime of the cnnihic invasion Every blow struck at commun ications even months in advance of Dday operates lo weaken the enemy The 11AF was pound ing Marshal Erwin Rommels com munications in preparation for he battle of El Alamein while Rom mel still was chasing the British back toward the Alcmcin line and seemed about lo overrun the Nile delta The Germans in this campaign already have been driven off their forward airdromes and nowfields further back arc being attacked But there is nothing in all that to give the Germans the time of in vasion The truth is that the allies now have the strength to carry on 2 air campaigns at once nnd that every ton which can be devoted to both or cither before the invasion occurs is another ton to the good Yugoslav Partisan e Forces Reported to Weather Report IHave CaPtured Trsteno I Buy War Savinss Ionds and I Stamps from vour carrier boy Iomlon Ifit Nearly 2000 American bombers and fighters following up a record 4000 ton Hack by the RAF carried the on slaught against German air de fenses through its 4th day Tues day with assaults against plane factories at Oschcrslebcu and Bernburg and other lEirgcts deep in Germany The American task force of nearly 1000 bombers and an equal number of fighters returned to Euslaml as the ItAF was dis closiiiK details of the heaviest at tack in the bomber commands history The bulk of the offensive was Iwrnc by 900 heavy bombers attacking French and Belgian railroad centers Other Lancasters meanwhile dropped many 8000 pound bombs on very important depot de clared to contain large stores of signal and radar equipment lot use of the German air force This depot was at St Cyr near Paris The RAK had poured down more than 3300 tons bombs on sev eral previous night operations and on March 22 smothered Frankfurt with well over that lever the air ministry said had the load been sr heavy as Mori day nights The German radio told of ter rific air battles over the reiclt Tuesday At Osehersleben the 8th air force lost 00 bombers Jan 11 Both it and Bernburg had been hit Feb 20 in the Americans first big series of assaults on the Ger man air orce in the air and on the ground In he latest UO hours of this attack more thun 7000 tons of bombs are estimated to have been dropped on at least Tit German railroail centers aircraft factories and airfields Headquarters announced a final tabulation of Mondays U S vfclorics showed the bombers and fighters downed 15 planes while many additional enemy planes were destroyed or damaged on the ground Three bombers and 4 fighters were lost in the attack upon I airfields i repair works and au assembly plant Five American heavy bombers made forced landings in Sweden Tuesday and i crewmen para chuted from another United States plane after it apparently had been hit by antiaircraft fire the Stockholm Aflonbiadct reported A German plane believed lo be a fighter was shot down in flames and its crew killed near Skovdc when Swedish gunners opened fire as it flew at low altitude Since Easter a total of 15 Ameri can bombers have landed in Sweden The first crews back from Tuesdays attack said they ob tained sood results lunnbinx most ly in clear Some of the crewmen reported encountering fighter opposition but none de scribed it ns particularly heavy They said tinstrnii American escort look good care of the Germans II looked to mo as if the Gcr i mans had their lirsl Goering today said Lt j Col Paul T Burton of New York City command pilot who flew as New York The death of i 1 liberator copilot They were iLt Peter Lehman in an airplane not good and crash March 1 in England tllcru enough of them announced Tuesday less than 24 j lu LEHMAN SON DIES IN CRASH Fatally Hurt in Crash in English Maneuvers FORECAST Mason City Decreasing cloudi ness and colder Tuesday night Lowest temperature in Mason City 25 Wednesday slightly warmer in afternoon Winds 30 40 miles an hour Tuesday after noon diminishing T u e s d a v nighl Iowa Partly cloudy west cloudy london partisan forces were reported Tuesday to have captured the village of Tfalcno 10 miles northwest of Dubioviuk on the southern Dal matian coast while in the eastern Hosnia area they repulsed new7 German efforts to retake iUrkonjie Grad junction point on the high way from Zagreb to Sarajevo A communique from Marshal Josip Tito headquarters cast with rain extreme east por reported continuation of bil lion Tuesday night Wednesday i tcl fighting along a 55 mile front partly cloudy colder extreme Bihac to Knirt in western east i ucsday night Dimiiushiiu I Bosnn west of approximately Mrkonjic Glad FRONT LINE EASTER SERVICES SENT TO Chaplain Leo J Crow ley lower center celebrates mass in front line area of Italy during onehour cessation in hostilities his service is carried by powerful loudspeakers to German troops on the other side ot the battle line Troops near enough leave foxholes to lake part in Easter morning ceremony Minnesota Mosily cloudy w i t h light rain or snow extreme southeast portion T u e s d a y night Wednesday partly cloudy Not much change in temperature fresh to strong winds southeast portion Tuesday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics JIaximum Monday 50 Minimum Monday night 32 At B a m Tuesday 32 fiain sleet 12 inch YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 32 16 Turned Away at Des Moines by New Draft Rule hours after his father Herbert Lehman former New York gov ernor and now head of the united nations relief and rehabilitation administration returned from the middle cast The 26 year old fighter pilots mother said the war department notified the family Monday of the crash In London it was announced that Lt Lehman an adopted sou was killed duiing acrobatic ma neuvers over his home base The Lchmaus have 2 other chil dren The former governor suffering miles i from a fracture of the knee joint received while he was abroad I was taken directly to Doctors hospital after he arrived here Tht Her 1 in ratliu said battles linil broken nut over the Bruns wick am Hannover areas as fighters intercepted larjn U S formations thrusting deep into the rcich with strrniR fighter es corts The broadcast said that violent aerial combats also were being fought over the Baltic area The of the attacking Ameri can formations was indicated by reports from the British southeast coast which said that the roar of motors during the early morning hours was deafening as the big bombers thundered overhead in an unbroken procession for J5 min ulcs Berlin radio suid the Americans nuMmiu itinji jiu iiuitji i Monday night by plane He was bombs on central Ocr told of his sons death Tuesday im asscltcci raiders suffered heavy casualties in DCS Moiiics having been chanced tiy the weekend dratt order 16 men were turned away from the re ception center at Camp Dodge and the navy station here Monday Lt Cnl Frank n Hallacan of stale selective service headquarters re j ported The order directed that i induction of men 26 and over who j arc in war important industries I lw temporarily halted status I Claim Nazis Used Gas Against Partisans in Occupation of Odessa Xciv York The Germans and Romanians used poison gas againsl the partisans during their occupation of Odessa the Moscow i radio faid Tuesday in a broadcast heard by CBS videsnrcad operations over cen tral and eastern Germany For mations leaving rcich territory were being harassed by German fijihters the broadcast said The Lancasters and Halifaxfs making the night assault were disclosed authoritatively to have comprised the largest British ar mada ever sent against occupied territory The maiti targets of the RAF n i g h I raiders an air ministry commviniquc said were railway ;