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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 10, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME Associated Press and Uniled Pre MASON CITY 1QWA TUESDAY APRIL 10 1945 Thl5 Paper Consists of Two SecUonsStcUoii One HQ 157 AMERICANS CAPTURE HANNOVER INSIDE WASHINGTON Congressmen Fear War May End While Absent Central Press Capital Staff o u s e members I with a yen to get back home for business or a rest Jeft the capital this week with their fingers crossed One thing worried them more than anything else What would they do or say il the war in Europe ended in a sudden Ger man surrender during their ab sence from Washington Regardless of how justified their trips to heir congressional districts may In most cases house members shudder at the thought of the po liticaldamage such a development might inflict on an individual congressman They look ahead 2 or 4 or G years and can vision an opponent campaigning with devastating ef fect among voting war veterans on the sole issue that Representa tive Blank was at home vaca tioning when the war ended iu Germany As the date for the San Fran cisco meeting of the united nations draws closer it becomes evident that even withthe big 4 agreed in principle there are many hur dles to be overcome before peace organization fled can be rati One difficulty to crop up is the Insistence of the French that re gional pacts to maintain peace be permitted o function whether or not the overall peace organiza tion votes to act A similar stand has been taken by other nations w h o already have or are contemplating trea ties calling for joint action by sev eral regional nations in the event a wouldbe aggressor attempts to break the peace State department officials view this problem as one of the most controversial issues which must be thrashed out at San Francisco Already they are speaking in terms of affecting a compromise Between nations holding the view and nations whichwant the all structure to act oh all matters properly within its jurisdiction Some farseeing statesmen en vision a situation wherein a re gional security organization may fake steps which run contrary to the world organization decision It is suggested therefore that a compromise may be reached whereby the regional organization can act only so long as the world agency has not taken positive ac tion contrary to its determination most sudden and unex pected legislative development of the year was the break in the con ference committee deadlocked over manpower legislation and the announcement that the conference had adopted a compromise bill Oxnly 3 hours before the con ferees acted Rep K Ewing ason D Texas one of the house conferees announced on the house floor thai an agreement was im probable Both house and senate conferees had been saying they were a hung jury and the deadlock in conference was such that there was practically no prospect that a bill would be worked out The sudden shift caused spec ulation as to what had happened It is generally assumed that word was passed down the line from some high administration source that the compromise bill pro posed by Sen Edwin C Johnson D Colo would be acceptable to the army which has clamored most loudly for manpower legis lation MOSCOW HINTS NiPs Claim Yanks Landing FALL OF VIENNA on sqn Okinawa NOW IMMINENT Munich Allied Juncture Heavy Artillery Duel Rages Ill i Koenigsberg in East Prussia Falls After 33 Hour Barrage London forces be yond Vienna headed Tuesday for Munich and Prague and a linkup with the allies in the west as sov iet storm units within the Aus trian capital battled the Germans for the last lew blocks of the city Moscow radio said the fall of Vienna is imminent Far to the north other Russian troops along the Baltic coast had captured the East Prussian capital of Koenigsberg after a massive 33hour barrage had softened 3 lines ol fortifications surrounding that cradle of Prussian militarism The seizure of Koenigsberg was hailed in the Russian press as one of the great victories of the war comparable to the breaching of the Siegfried line in the west kyo Tuesday that American troops iave landed on Tsukata island controlling the entrance to nearlyconquered Nakagusuku Bay naval anchorage in southeast Okinawa Other troops spearing alonj thc shore of the bay on Okinawa ad vanced more than a mile and a half to Onaha on the edge of Yonabaru airfield and a mile and a half north of the port of Yona baru itself a Tokyo Domei agency broadcast said American destroyers and other warcraft already have entered Nakagusuku Bay the broadcast said American sources were unable A Moscow shal Feodor dispatch said Mar I Tolbukhins 3rd The A card motorist is even farther off from a possible new tire now than he has been in the past WPB says tire demands will not ease after VE day and that civilian production must come last on the list Civilian tire output has de clined to where OPA will have a nearrecord low ires to give out in April with only the most essen tial users getting them If all the countrys tremendous tire produc tion now were in the passenger car field however we could flood the world with tires MOHAWKS HIT SHEFFIELD CLUB Baseball Game to Played Here Tuesday The postponed baseball game between Mason Citys Mohawks and the Sheffield nine originally carded for last Friday night will be played Tuesday night at 6 o clock on the Roosevelt diamond The announcement was made shortly before noon Tuesday by Coach Bad Suter It will mean that 2 games will this night i Kudd here inal and Black takes on Ukrainian army was making startling progress in its drive west of Vienna toward Liiiz and Munich The armys exact posi tion was not given however since the Germans Jn many sectors were unaware of the scope of the Rus sian advance Below Vienna another wing of Tolbukhins army had thrust within 133 miles of Adolf Hitlers mountain retreat at Berchtes gaden Moscow dispatches reported that Tolbnkhins forces bad crossed the Danube immediately north west of Vienna near Nuzsdorf and were believed o hive crossed some 12 miles farther up stream in the vicinity of Tulln Neither crossing has been officially con firmed by the soviet Mgh com mand The one at Nuzsdorf constitutes part of the operation by the 2nd and 3rd Ukrainian armies to close the 17mile escape avenue out of the Austrian capital The crossing at Tulln apparently was aimed at Prague 139 miles away While the Berlin radio claimed the Germans still were opposing the Russians with wild stubborn ness in Vienna Moscow dis patches pictured the carved up nazi garrison as a disorganized mob fighting to escape from the city By enemy account the Russians now have entered the world famed Prater the big amusement park which lies in the southeastern part of the smoking city between the Danube river and the Danube canal Moscow announced that the in ner heart of the Austrian capital had been overrun Soviet infantry and tanks driving from the west broke across the famous Ring strassc in Viennas 2000yearold center late Monday night and cap tured such structures as the town hall parliament buildings opera house and central police head quarters Marshal Rodion Y Malinov skys 2nd Ukrainian army swarmed across the muchbattered Aspcrn airport on the north side of the Danube thus denying the Ger mans any hope of escape by air Malinovskys columns then turned north and battled German tanks and selfpropelled guns in Viennas suburbs of Flordisdorf and Jedlersee through which runs the highway to the Czechoslovak city of Bruenn The right wing of the 2nd Ukrainian army was 38 miles southeast of Bruenn The Germans fought to the death behind street barricades in Vienna Only 1700 nazis surren dered in night and daylong fight ing to confirm the reported east coast developments but saidjhe great est artillery duel of the Pacific war was underway in the south west coast sector as the 24th army corps stormed deeper into de fenses shielding the capita city of Naha Gen O P Smith deputy chief of staff for the 10th army said more battalions of artillery were supporting the ground forces than ever before in the Pacific The concentration of guns per yard nearly equals the maximum known in warfare he said The enemys shellbursts became so Violent at one point that a bat talion commander was unable to leave his foxhole to answer an important message on a field telephone 5 feet away A signal man had to shout the message It looks like we finally arc bucking the Japs main defense line across the island one officer said Domei said American troops landed on Tsukata island some 8 miles off the southeast coast of Okinawa Sunday afternoon The dispatch made no claim that the had been repulsed and it was possible quick ly overran the tiny island Seventy landing craft were used m the invasion Domei said Dome also said 5060 other American troops and 133 tanks landed at Nago on the west coast of Okinawa last Saturday Mago lies on the south side of the Moto bu peninsula which since has been sealed off by marine forces stormingtoward the northern tin of the island During the landing operations lokyo said Japanese forces pre sumably with sank one large American destroyer and a small craft out of a group ot war craft which penetrated Nakagus bay More than twothirds of the e Okinawa coast of the bay already has been cleared by 24th army corps troops Yonabaru its prin cipal port lies at the southwest corner Forces which infiltrated the Japanese lines o Onaha less than a mile and a half north of Xona baru were in company strength Domei said Capture of the Yona baru airfield would give the Americans their 3rd airfield on Okinawa Once Nakagusuku bay has been cleared the American command will have an excellent naval an DEBATE FUTURE OF JAP ISLANDS Yalta Agreement May Prevent Holds in Pacific Washington resident Roosevelt and a sizable part of congress wore headed Tuesday to ward a possible collision over the future of Japans Pacific ocean islands There is a growing group in congress that wants to retain all such islands under the U S flag especially hose formerly man dated to Japan by the league of nations Those congressmen will have the active support of the navy which wants to retain the islands captured and converted into bases at great cost in U S lives and money At the recent big 3 conference however President Roosevelt en tered into an informal agreemnt which if fully carried out may prevent U S annexation of any of the Japanese islands The president agreed at Yalta to try to work out for the new world organization an international trus teeship to replace the old league of nations mandate system Only the general outline of the agree ment has been revealed but it en visages a trusteeship plan in the world organziation under which 3 types of dependent areas could DepIaced 1 Territories mandated 6 spe cific counirie iven present members of the united after the last war these include the Caroline Marshall and Mari anas islands mandated to Japan 2 Territories taken from the enemy in this war These will in clude some of the Italian colonies in Africa and other Japanese is lands not formerly held under a mandate 3 Other territories as might voluntarily be placed under trus teeship The British Open Offensive to Carry Into Po Plain Rome new British 8th u Adriatic wing of the German defenses in Italy river on a broad front and Tuesday spilled o plain between Bologna and vennr army offensive crumpled the carried over the Senio spilled out over the eastern Po motion The U S 5th army was1 northwestward along the fllassa big outpost Spezia naval base of the La chorage within easv striking range of Die Japanese homeland and the China coast i ULIIII uc WCtUxfuetl I On the west coast and in the in U S policy that insists upon II r TIle eruption in he eastern temper or congress was coastal sector of Italy set both f sPlayd Monday with the in ends of the long dormant front in troduction ot 2 measures in the house calling on the administra tion to make no commitments about relinquishing control in any way of the liberated Pacific is lands As the time approaches for a final decision on this issue the congressional demands prob ably will grow stronger The San Francisco conference will take up only the general question of trusteeships rather than the specific disposition of any territory The informal policy agreed to at Yalta by the president has the full support of the state depart ment Its officials contend that the United States case for Great Britain France etc turning over heir former mandates to a trus teeship would be weakened by a SENATFPASSES 13TH CODE BILL Division for Education JHsndicapped Children Des Jloines jpt The senate Tuesday passed 44 to 0 a bill creating an annual appropriation of during the biennium beginning July for maintenance of the division and special classes tor the handicapped children The measure now goes back to the house for concurrence in minor amendments H was the 13th school code re vision bill passed by the senate The legislature normally ap propriates about Gen Mark W ClarW coraman der of allied forces in Ifaly an nounced that the 8th army at tacked Monday evening after a pulverizingair assault in he Senio sector by almost all of the air forces in this theater The first onrush of Lt Gen Sir Richard McCreerys forces broke the Senio rjver line His assault forces swept across the stream on a broad front around Lugo 27 miles east of Bologna and 18 miles west of Ravenna DESTROY245 NAZI PLANES Yanks Strike German Airfields Near Berlin London pilots of the U S eighth air force Tues day destroyed at least 245 German of them on the ground set an all time record for fighters e rprnrrl tra iuuui vzzvvu a year e lecord lot through the public instruction de capped children for education of handi ui u uiuiiK i 41 o i n cimaren inc SSI against ould c a additional sum Clarks armies now were press ing against one of the last indus trial areas left to the nazis after the overrunning of the Ruhr and Silesia This is the once rich pro duction zone of northern centered around Milan The 8th army offensive closely followed an amphibious opera tion which secured the Sandspit between Lake Comacchio and the Italy fighters carrying a massive aerial offensive on German airfields into its fourth straight day struck at enemy jetplane bases in the Ber lin area following up a night at tack by 600 RAF bombers on Ger manys largest submarine assem bly yards at Kiel The previous record kill of enemy planes on the ground and in the air scored by fighter pilots was 177 on Sept 5 1944 The American daylight force was Adriatic It nmencan aayiiKm lorce was v uasa ss the made up of more than 1300 heavv um for that purpose making the tnlal available yearly 552000 DRIVES NEARER TO BERLIN ON SUPERHIGHWAY 3rd Closes in on Erfurt in Advance Toward Czechoslovakia BULLETIN Hannover douEh boys riding German halftracks captured this 7centuries old city Tuesday Paris army tanks and infantry crashed into the burning Prussian stronghold or Hannover late Tuesday and reached a point to the east on the superhighway 120 miles rom Berlin The 3rd army advanced a within 214 miles of Erfurt 63 miles from Leipzig and within 3 of Coburff 50 mtJes from the Czechoslovak frontier Lt Gen Courtney H Hodges new 1st army drive was punching across the narrowing waist1 of Germany toward the Russian siege lines in the east at last re ports no move than lio miles away in some sectors His tanks headed clown a corridor bypass ing the towering Harz mountains on the left Pilots reported the Germans were sending air transports Into the shrinking Ruhr death pocket by night in attempts to salvage what they coutd of the 100000 or so nazis sealed off between he 1st and 9th armies The Germans said Americans who bypassed Hannover had reached Salzgitter 115 miles from Berlin and 17 from the big air craft center of Brunswick Salz Sitter is the site of the sprawling Hermann Goering iron works The enemy also said that Hann over was encircled completely and that the British Jiad crossed the Aller river and captured Verden and staried a race for Hamburg miles distant North of Hannover British tanks and infantry cut a 20 mile gash in paperthin German de fenses and started a race for Hamburg Germanys leading port and 2nd largest city Hamburg was 60 miles away in that sector but only SO miles distant in the area of besieged Bremen The American 1st army burst out on to the Thuringian plain alongside the 3rd armv advanc ing 3 miles east of Norlheim to a Point 128 miles southwest of Ber n Lt Gen Courtney H Hodges troops advanced almost In the The has been used by of the Harz mountains the department of public instruc Canadians fought alone the Ems lion to transport such children within 15 miles of the 1 to provide j sea and 25 of the Doltart local public schools classroom instruction for those unable to attend school through use of electrical 2way teaching devices and home instruction by visiting teachers Proponents of the measure esti mate there are 40Z70 handicapped children in Iowa and that fewer b ay port of Emden Field Marshal cave and battle as tcrior American soldiers fighting from cave to Pillbox to pillbox in x vicious and as savage as ever fought in the Pacific front dis patches said Gains were limited to yards as the Americans fought to enlarge their wedge in the enemys major defense line 2 miles above Machi nato airfield and 4 miles north of Naha the burning capital city The troops are doing a lot of traveling on their bellies in slow advances United Press war cor respondent Edward TJiomas re ported from the front One eral described White Hill as the strongest prepared position he ever had seen and said steel and concrete reinforcements made it Panic swept Vienna Moscow simar to spots in the Siegfried accounts said j line A soviet front dispatch stated that nazi storm troopers seeking I to queil a disorder had fired on throngs of hungry housewives The German communique said that Marshal Ivan S Koncvs 1st Ukrainian army had launched an nexing former Japanese man dates The United States had hoped to have a proSan Francisco confer ence on the mandate and trustee ship problem But hopes for that appear to have been abandoned with only 15 days left before the conference opens Uboat base in less than 21 hours intii riitlj Montgomerys northern armies were within 50 miles of sealing off the entire northwest German port belt The nearest approach lo the capital was an American 9th army to an unspecified point PLEADS INNOCENT Minneapolis Ros coe Inlay 30 of Sioux City Iowa pleaded innocent Monday in fed eral court to a charge of failing to report for induction His case was set for trial for the Septeinbe term of court IL f n Weather Report Memory of Gen Rose bombers blasted and gunned U German positions in the froi line along the Senio as vell as Fighters shot down 3 more Ger their supply areas behind the miln planes during the night line bringing the allied score to 357 enemy aircraft destroyed in 3 days American fighters had a strafing picnic Monday at scattered Ger man fields destroying 156 nazi planes on the ground RAF Mosquitoes again paid their nightly call on Berlin The British lost 6 planes in op erations Monday night and Mon day The U S 8th air force re ported 10 bombers and 4 fighters missing from a force of more than fighters purpose it was intended The Tuesdays communique did not cover the new Bth army offen sive It reported otli army progress against strong opposition in the west coast sector Altaguana captured preached and U Mass a S troops ap while patrols reached the Frigido river r Will Build Hospital in assault against in Silesia besieged Breslau Charge Nazis With Murder of577000l T portion Wednesday London nazi govern Koenigsberg cradle city of Prus sian militarism formally capitu lated Monday night at p m Moscow little more than 36 hours after Marshal Alexander M Vasilevskys 3rd White Rus sian army group began an allout assault More than 42000 prison ers were taken in 2 days and the total apparently still was mount ing First encircled Jan 30 Koenigs was reported a ruin from the lonz air and artillery batterinc FORECAST Mason City Showers and cooler Tuesday night and Wednesday i Iowa Showers and cooler in west and north portions Tuesday and Wednesday and in southeast rnand i were charged Tuesday by viet investigating committee with the merciless slaughter of 577000 men women and chil dren in Latvian concentration ment and the German high comMinnesota Cloudy and rather cool Tuesday night and Wednesday except continued warm extreme southeast portion Rain south west and central portions Tues day night and north and west portion Wednesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 69 Minimum Monday sg At 8 a m Tuesday camps A report broadcast by the Mos cow radio said an additional 175 000 Latvians were deported as slave laborers and on explicit orders of nazi officials and the military a ruthless destruction ot factories public utilities librar ies museums hospitals and homes were carried out during the Ger man occupation YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum S6 32 Denver campaign launched Tuesday to raise m for a milliondollar hospital memory ot Denvers enough fuel to gel vote was 39 to i Disscntint arc Senators Alden L Doud Douds R B Hawkins Leon Carl O receiving cast of Hilclesheim but less than ap 20 miles from the aircraft center of Brunswick Gen Omar N Brad ley has 3 American armies lined up on i long central German stretch within 127 to 140 miles of Berlin The whole Hambur R Barkley Mounton and George M Des Moines all republicans The upper chamber received from its judiciary committee a bill to legalize the appointments by Gov Robert D Blue which il has confirmed The legalizing act tated because some of the pointments were made after allied front was aimed at the Elbe river SB miles away at Hamburg and less than 70 at Magdeburg The river is the Inst before Berlin The Uuhr trap was squeezed down to less than 2500 square miles a death trap 50 miles long and 50 wide holding tens of thou sands of nazis Fighting raged in of Dortmund 537 thc streets j 000 for the 3rd day was necessi Honours Germanys 2nd city ap the expiration of the time limit pre scribed by law Statutes provide of 1682220 was less than 5 50 miles from allied vanguards and the port of Luebeck was brought Kt within S3 miles of British lines that certain appointment be tl1nlst across the VVeser st Hoya made within 30 days after the leg convcnc3 and others with measure said the 1argcly lo ihe Gen gn was planes in the air at infrequent in money iervals the Germans now arc try c Jilal in ing lo save the idle aircraft by of husir Danish Merchant Fleet in SwedishPorts hiding them along highways recently by a German tank crew The fundraising campaign was Legislature Plans berg representing the organizing subscribed The hospital they said would seek lo benefit suffering men women and children throughout the nation regardless of religious General Rose one of the highest ranking Jewish officers in the American army rose from a pri vate to Ihe rank of major general He was shot by Germans in ihe Paderborn sector as he attempted to remove his arms lo surrender g A j TI i I AdJournment Thursday Des Sloincs house and senate Tuesday adopted a resolution providing for adjourn ment of the legislature at 5 p m Thursday instead of Tuesday as had been planned Lawmakers agreed that the re maining business could not be completed Tuesday If their work still is not finished by Thursday evening the session can continue indefinitely but everything done would be dated as ol Thursday More than GOOO bombing rock et firing and machincgunning al lied warptanes kept rail junctions and cross roads towns of middle Germany aflame all day Monday and Monday night British heavy bombers in great strength loosed fcrrific ruin on the ttg Kiel ship yards The U S 81h air force alone de stroyed 166 planes and damaged 53 mmc m attacks on airfields in a great had coast ports despite close German vigilance No details could be re vealed however PEANUT BATTLE New York Ida Kaminsky J8 was held for observation Thursday Police said she and a woman who ran awav luftwaffe was using makeshift op erational bases Many destroyed planes were in superhighways Many were jets The last escape route from Hol land had been cut 8 miles north east of Zwolle by armored cars within sight of the Zuider Zee One Canadian group pushed 6 at each other a flCndly fash forces to deal with Germans fir nt bazookas and small arms ;