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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 10, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME c P DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AMD ARCHIVES OES THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION MAKES ALL NORTH IO WANS NEIGHBORS i Ccnls a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY APRIL 10 1914 This Paper Consists nf Two One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BKOADCAST SCHEDULE KOLO KHMO City Sunday llatimbal Tutiday KSCJ Sioui City WeliiMlay WSU1 lowi City Thursdiy WOI Amis Friday p m A Major Fallacy in Our Thinking EVER since the idea of STATE FOR MAN displaced the dic tum of MAN FOR STATE in de cent civilizations thinking the major effort of each succeeding generation has been to make this a better world in which to live and to approximate the teachings of Jesus or the other great spiritual leaders Despite some of the awful things done to their fellow men by those who called themselves Chris lians down through the centuries since the Master laid clown the commandment of commandments Whatsoever ye would that men should do to you do you even so to them great progress has been made To put this trend in its proper proportions need every now and ihen to pause and take stock ot things Thats what Im goinr to try to do in this commentary And Ill probably be accused of preaching without a license So be it IMPHAL PLAINS UNDER SIEGE OF NIPPON FORCES Jap Invaders Strike to Edge of Kohima in Important Sector New Delhi in vaders of India have brought the strategic plain of Imphal undet virtual siege and struck to the outskirts of Kohima only 35 miles from the BengalAssam rail sup ply line feeding American and Chinese forces in northern Burma Kohima is 30 miles inside the border and miles north of Im phal a principal allied base in eastern India The southeast Asia command de clared Sunday that a small initial penetration of Kohimas outskirts had been repulsed by the strong allied garrison Thirtyfive miles northwest is Dimapur on the Americanoperated rail line sun plying Lt Gen Joseph W Stil vells mixed forces in Burma The Japanese have claimed capture of Kohima The Japanese were bringing steady pressure to win the Im 3hal plain rich in food before the Monsoon next month halts most military activities but allied troops were said to have a firm hold at the moment at the edge of the TN his great work The History of the American People John Bach McMasters closes his de scription of American prison con ditions a century ago with this observation We should thank God that we live in an age of pity where there is more concern over t dog run down at a street crossin than our ancestors felt for woman imprisoned for debt His reference was to prisons reeking with vermin where men and women were huddled togethe like beasts even as Ihey are by Ihe most brutal of our totali tarian enemies Even within the memory of people yet living Ihe town banker riot infrequently was a skinflint who took a mortgage on a farm or a home hoping the debtor could not meet his obligation and thai the mortgaged property would eventually come to him by fore closure Today no tender of moiiey known lo me ever makes a loan looking forward with malicious greed to the day when he cau pos sess the collateral Foreclosures are still with us but not with the wish on the part of the lender to cripple the borrower ILLUSTRATIONS such as these could be multiplied endlessly And yet we are at this moment witnessing what is perhaps the most striking exhibition of mans inhumanity to man the work has ever seen Perhaps this is why so many people are even anxious to surrender thi principle of slalc for man and gi back lo the doctrine of man fo state under which a dictatot t li r o u g h innumerable agencies shall regiment the peoples and le freedom lor which men have gon smiling to the fagot and the sword perish from the earth Others equally sincere actuall think that we can through th mere instrumentality of some pac or agreement struck off on a sin gle day banish war forever fron the earth and bring about a con dition Where roan In man united And rvcrv ivrone Ihilij ristil Tnii nhnlc world shall br li As Trfrn nf ottt HERE we come to Ihe crux of our subject The major error in our thinking is and has been for a long lime lhat we forjcl how liricf is our place in time Out little lives arc bul a heart throb in the life of the universe Men used to talk about the fall of man whereas what we need to lake into consideration is the of brute lo hu man There is no agreement among scientists how long man has been on this earth But they are of one mind thai it has been thousands and Ihousands of years nnd that mans progress toward the light has been very slow History lakes us back only a few Ihousand years It tells us that there have been periods of what seemed to be swift advance and periods of slow and prolonged death Archaeologists bring to light civilizations of which history tells which flourished and perished leaving but mute remnants of their one time greatness Since history began to be re corded we find that while there has been prodigious advance in the sum total of knowledge man has made little or no progress in the pure realm of the intellect in thousands of years Who today is of greater intellect than Socrates or Plato of ancient Greece In view of these facts how can we delude ourselves into thinking that all injustices inequalities and al the ills physical and moral to witch flesh is heir will can away with and so ciety made ideal within our brief lifetime How foolish to expect thai everything can be brought to perfection by tomorrow or at the farthest by day after tomorrow Turn to Page The enemy has come within JO miles of Imphal from the north east on the road from Ukhrul A BBC broadcast heard by CBS said allied forces had evacu ated Tamu about 50 miles below j Attempts to Kill Camacho But Misses Mexico City D F Mexican army officer attempted to assassinate President Gen Manuel Avihi Camacho in the na tional palace Monday but was disarmed after missing with a pistol at pointblank range The president grappled with the assassin and held both his arms while members of the presi dential party seized the gun The officer identified as Ar tillery Lt Antonio Lama Rojas approached Avila Camacho as the president was walking through the main patio of the palace from his car to the entry of his pri vate elcvator Lama saluted and walked di rectly toward the president who apparently believed the officer wanted to speak with him At 3 paces Lamu drew a 45 caliber automatic pistol and opened fire His first shot missed and the president immediately seized him preventing him from getting in another shot Maj En ran1 Ortiz Bartolo who was accompanying the president struck Lama while another aide Lt Mario Castenada took his pistol Avila Camacho ordered the as sassin taken into his private ele vator and on the way up to his offices asked Lama why he had tried to kill him a long time 1 have been wanting to interview the presi dent to complain that I am not allowed to go to church nor to attend mass in uniform Lama was quoted I considered it unfair Thais why I did this Plane Plants Airfields in Belgium France Are Hit by U S Fleets FIERCE BLOWS nr ArmiAii IT Oil TrUCK I ARE STRUCK AT NAZI AIR POWER Imphal Another London broad cast also recorded by CBS said the British had made another air borne landing behind Japanese lines due east of Imphal between the Irrawaddy and Chindwin rivers to support a column al ready in that area Military men emphasized the importance of holding the Imphal ain which would give the Japa cse a base for blows north and est into other valleys and plains f India and of retaining the roads itablc for motorized strikes The allies have an advantage oC eater air power and mobility nd have ample forces in the gen area to meet the enemy col umns if they can be located these Ulcers added But in the thick ungle country the raiding Japa ese patrols are extremely hard o iincl and stop He was removed to the Santi ago military tioning prison after ques QUESTION BOYS GIRLS Keokuk a move de igned to curb juvenile delin quency Public Safety Commis ioner H C Kiser announced Sat urday lhat policemen had been in itructed to question all boys anc iris on the streets and in public Thought Ammunition All Gone Aimed at Each Other Youth Dead Fort Dodge Mackey 17 was accidentally shot and killel Saturday afternoon by a companion with whom he had been shooting at targets i wooded ravine northeast of here Coroner A L Lundjren said the companion John Dessinger 18 told him they had bceripracticing with 22 caliber rifles until they thought they had run out ot am munition The coroner said Des singer reported that we started clicking our rifles at each other and that his went off unexpected ly striking Mackey above the heart Lundgren said the death was accidental and no inquest would be held London air task forces totalling 1000 lo 1500 bombers and fighters struck at the Germans amiinvasion air instal lations of Belgium and France Monday in their 3rd straight clay of operations Drawing the enemys coastal fighter defenses into action for the first lime in weeks fortresses and liberators bombed military objecI lives in the PasDcCalais area the aircraft repair depot at Evere and Vilvorde and the airfield al Mels broek near Brussels Belgium the aircraft factory at Bourges 115 miles south of Paris and the air field at Orleans 60 miles south ot Paris Three heavy bombers and 4 fighters were lost in the multiple assault and 7 of the enemys planes were shot down in combat communique announced in ad dition to about 40 which air base reports said were destroyed on the ground The Americans struck after heavy RAF night raids on rail targets at Lille and in the south ern outskirts at Paris in follow up their deep Sunday plunge against aircraft factories in Po land East Prussia and northeast Germany On Saturday they bombed Brunswick airplane plants and airdromes near Frank fort wrecking 148 nazi planes in battle The forces were described as between 500 and 750 bombers escorted by many thunderbolts mustangs and lightnings The dayight fleet took off sooi Cedar Falls Cedar Fails Kent aboul 35 Des Moines suffered second degree burns lo his arms and legs in a spectacular fire here early Monday He was driving a Ruan Oil company truck loaded with H700 gallons of distillate when it caught fire apparently while Kent was switching from one COgallon gasoline tank to the other Kent drove the flaming truck out of the main part of town to lessen the hazard to other prop erly and finally had to abandon it at the Main street bridge The truck careened between the Main street bridge and mill bridge breaking a 6inch gas main hung on one of the bridges and the ga RUSS TROOPS TAKE ODESSA Officer Tom Protheroe volun teered to take Kent to the hospital in his car and near the hospital entrance the steering mechanism failed and the car crashed into a terrace The policeman suffered 4 broken ribs and a broken nose and Kent suffered cuts GIRAUWT ACCEPT ORDER DeGaulle Confronted With Direct Challenge NAZIS LOSE is a scene in Odessa evacu ated by the Getmans on the Black sea jlaces after 11 p m unless they Pnrnlp Hpart fnr no ntinrrliailinrl liv nrttllts VlClS 1 UlUlC I ICdl L LUI were accompanied by adults FAKMEKS GUARD DIKES Blencoc west of here were guarding dikes along the Missouri river and preparing sand bags to strengthen the levees low places Sunday night as water from the river was backing into Card lake northwest of Blen coe Wounds Received in 98 Boise Idaho O Newcomb 64 has just been ad vised by the army lhat he has been awarded the purple for wounds suffered in the battle of San Juan hill Cuba July l 1898 after the RAF heavy bombers re turned from raiding Villeueuve St Georges a junction on the main rail lines from southern and western France just 12 miles south of the center of Paris and Lille important junction on northern French rail lines Mosquito bombers hit Mann heim and other unspecified ob jectives and extensive minelay ingoperations werecarried out at long range all at a night cost ot 11 planes the air ministry said It was the first major British as sault in a week Canadian fighterbombers and mosqtlitos attacked grounded air craft at Toul and Saint Dizier and other targets in France Sunday the air ministry announced Many bomber crews back from Mondays attacks reported they encountered no fighter opposition and thai flak was light even over the targets One group back from Belgium reported t o k e n attacks by groups of a half dozen Focke Wttlf 190s attacking headon and an even smaller number of Mcs scrschmilt I09s striking simul taneously from Ihe rear Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy AlRicrs Charles DC Gaulle was confronted with a di rect challenge to his authority as president of the French commit tee of national liberation Monday as Gen Henri Giraud stood firm on his refusal tu accept dismissal us commanderinchict of the French armed forces Girauds stand apparently left the next move in the contest be tween the 2 generals squarely up to De Gaulle but there was no in dication of the Hitters probable course of action The situation was further confused by the assertion of some of Girauds followers that several members of the liberalio committee had threatened to re sign in an expression of sympathj with him The Giraudists declared lha among these committee member were Navy Commissioner Loui Jacquinot and Air Commissione Fcruand Greiiier whoVthey saic had not signed the decree which Sunday abolished Girauds post as commander and at the same time amed him inspectorgeneral of the armed forces A committee spokesman however said all the committeemen had signed The 65 year old Giraud who es caped from France in 1941 to take over leadership of French armed forces sent a sharp formal letter to De Gaulle declaring that the action violated French republican law as well as French national committee ordinances determin ing a separation of civil and mil itary powers and of a high command I am not resigning Giraud said I accept neither Ihe prin ciple of suppression of the post ot commanderinchief of the French armed forces in Ihe middle of war nor the honorary post which you have designed for rnc Iowa Draft Boards Get New Order on Delay of Drafting Men Over 26 in War Industry DCS Moines Ralph A Lancaster assistant stale selcctiv service director said Monday he had notified Iowa draft boards whic lad men scheduled for induction this week to discontinue sendin hose men 26 and over who In the warimportant industry classification The action followed an an nouncement Saturday by Draft Director Lewis B Hershcy order ing postponement ot induction of men or over engaged in essen tial agriculture war production or war supporting activities Col Lancaster said men in the deferred classification already en route for induction would be sent home from Camp Dodge or the navy recruiting He added that local draft boards vcfuld de termine the job essentiality FR Goes South for Vacation of About 2 Weeks EFFECT OF ORDER VARIES DEPENDING ON AREA Washington UR Manpower officials said Monday the new or der suspending the drafting ot over 25 year old men in essential jobs would give such registrants a maximum respite of about SO days from military service They emphasised h o w ever that the effect of the order would vary greatly from otic area t Washington fli Prcsidcn Roosevelt has gone south for vacation and rest which will about 2 weeks The trip was announced Mpn STALIN ORDERS 444 CANNON TO HONOR VICTORS Powerful German Base Falls Large Force of Nazis Is Pursued London red army has captured the great Black Sea port of Odessa powerful German de fense base which covered the ways o central Romania Premier Josef Slalin announced Monday lie ordered the victors sainted with an unprecedented 36 salvos of 144 cannon Gen KoiHoil Y Maliuovskys 3rd army of the Ukraine returning in triumph to his native city out flanked Odessa and then stormed it froitially to liberate the bisfrcsl Russian metropolis in enemy hands Stalin revealed in a special order of the day Moscow announced the capture ol Odessa the last German strong lold in the southern Ukraine a cw hours after Berlin acknowl edged the loss of the city and claimed the evacuation of iis bat crcd garrison The fail of Odessa which had been isolated by land doomed the German army of the Ukraine re cently estimated to number as many as 100000 men to annihila tion in the marshes west of the city or a perilous attempt at a Dunkirk evacuation under the bombs of the red air force The significance which Russia las day by the white house The time of the presidents departure from Washington and the place where he has gone were not disclosed The white house statement said The president has left Wash ington for the south and will be away approximately 2 weeks un less some unexpected emergency 2 lowans Returning From Church Killed When Struck by Train Mr and Mrs Clio lova were way home lium Sunday in a col thcir automobile main line Hock crossing south of Allerton lP Ross Smith of killed on their church services lision between and a westbound Island train at a here There was a slight of nin at the time uf tiic collision Inch demolished the Smith car arts of it were carried half a nilc by the train Smith 63 and his wife IH are urvived by a son Ftaymond of Ulcrton and a daughter Eunice f Falls Church Va CHINAS RAW MANPOWER BUILDS ALLIED Chinas vast program goes forward in the building of many modern airfields for use against the Japs U S and Chinese army engineers plan the fields and supervise the toil of 300000 Chinese work ers Machinery is not available so in the ageold tradition hand and muscle is made to serve instead A large body of laborers top pull a heavy roller over stones chipped into small pieces by hand to smooth a runway as a liberator bomber flies overhead As soon as one airstrip is completed the workers pick up their makeshift wheelbarrows and oth er conveyances bottom and head toward another section of the selected site to start building other runways to be used for assaults against the enemy 3oys See Hundreds of iggs on Lake Michigan Kemlworth 111 a m e s other depending entirely on the number of registrants between 1823 available for rcclassifica licm in each board Local boards which have only a few deferred youths may resUirl the process of inducting men in the ovcr25 age bracket within a week it was said Lt Col James Coalsworth a deputy selective service director snid the order suspending induc tion of the older men was expected to prompt many registrants in the over25 group to transfer to es sential activities and thereby case the strain created by the rigid new induction policies for the younger registrants Selective service made it clear that the need of the army and for men lit through 25 is so meat that the number who will continue to be deiencd will be held to the absolute minimum The list of activities in which they will continue to be deferrable is being prepared by a federal intcragcncy committee headed by Manpower Chief Paul V McNtitl The armed forces have powerful representa tion on the committee and will seek to keep the list ot deferrable jobs low The navy needs 100000 men to reach its announced goal of 3600 000 men by Sept 1 The army has reached its goal of 7700000 but will continue to take from 75000 to 100000 monthly replacements j for casualties anticipated in the European invasion arises which would compel him to return al an earlier date The president was accompanied by Admiral William D Leahy his personal chief of staff Vice Ad 0 miral Ross T Mclntirc general of the navy nnd physician to the president Rear Admiral Wilson Brown naval aide and Major GeneralEd winM Watson military aide and secretary Except for the work that is al wavs carried on between the while house and the president regardless of his whereabouts or the distance he may be from Washington he will devote himself exclusively lo relaxation outofdoors in fresh air and sunshine Correspondents for the Asso cialed Press the United Press as sociations and the International News Service regularly assigned to cover the president also have left Washington For reasons of security however the news re ports of these correspondents will not he published until the presi dent has returned lo Washington The president has been urged fen several weeks by bis physician Admiral Mclntirc to get away from his office and lo concentrate on recovering from the lingering effects of a cold and bronchitis attached to the capture of Odes sa onetime city of 004000 in which the red army held out un der siege for 2 months before it fell on Oct 1841 was signalized by the honors wHich Stalin or dered paid the captors For the first time the Black Sea fleet joined in a salute to tri umphant Russian forces firing 12 salvos of 120 cannon aboard its warships to hail the liberation of iis big base In addition Moscows cannon thundered 24 salvos of 324 guns given previously only to the capture ot Kiev tiic lifting of the Leningrad siege and the red armys arrival on the Romanian and CzechoSlovak frontiers Uci army calvary and mobile mills swtiuK around Odessa in a flanking maneuver which clamped an arc of steel against the Ger man Slalin revealed and soviet shock troops charged in to take the city by frontal assault Thus the combined assault cap tured the important economic and political center the regional town of the Ukraine and first class Black Sea port of Odessa powerful Ger man defense base which covered the ways l central Romania Stalin said in his order addressed to Malinvosky Mean while the German radio reported the evacuation of the eastern part of Tarnopol key t rail junciion in prewar Poland where street fighting had been go ing on for several clays The am bigucius broadcast did not make clear whether it was an admission that Tarnopol had fallen Berlin conceded tiic fall of Odessa even as Moscnv reported Buy War Savings Bonds and then Stamps from carrier boy your GlobcGazcttc 1 837 lowans Are learv Jr and his brother Mich I isf cl discovered what they 1 LlSt bought an apparent amphibious nccidcnt of the Knstcr bunny o n g Lake Michigans shore Saslcr Sunday m o r n i n g they found hundreds of eggs bobbing the kike and scattered over more than a block of the lake front By using long poles they fished more than 50 of Ihein ashore 35 SCRAP DRIVE VICTIM Williamsport Pa fPl C i t y council turned down an appeal of a junk dealer sclfslylcd victim of these community scrap drives1 for a municipal loan to buy a personally contributed S5 toward a fund to get added horsepower in the mans failing business Buy War Savings Bonds and from your GlobcGazctic carrier boy Ocs Moines number of I o wans killed in World war li now is more than SO per cent of Ilic number who gave their lives in the first World war slate his torical department figures showed Monday The department listed 1837 Iowa war dead including al leasl two women since Pearl Harbor Following the last war military casualties reported by the slate adjutant general numbered 35i8 The 1837 figure represented an increase of 758 since last Oct 31 an average toll ot about ISO a month for the last 5 months On Oct 31 the departments records listed 1079 war dead from the state The figures included training deaths such as those in plam crashes as well as action casual tics Weather Report FORECAST lason CityPartly cloudy Mon day night and Tuesday not much change in temperature Lowest Monday night in Mason City 30 owa fioin Monday night and cost portion Tuesday Warmer north portion Monday night Colder xvest portion Tuesday Fresh to strong winds way into the city Irom 3 direc tions Soviet dispatches also revealed that soviet ami Czech formations had driven into old CzcchoSo vakia and Russian forces slashing down into northeastern Komania virtually had isolated the key rail center of lasi in a push toward the rich Tlocsli oil fields Czech sources here said the red army had occupied the village of 10 miles inside the Car pathoUkruine the easternmost province now occupied by Hungary The report indicated that the Russians had completed the occu pation ot tiic crest of Tartar or Jablonicu Pass leading tiver the down toward the Minnesota Mostly cloudy Monday night and Tuesday with rain extreme south portion Monday j dow night and southeast portion Hungarian plain The entry of the red army and Jzech formations into ter ritory undoubtedly will influence Romania greatly as it will create threat from the rear a Moscow dispatch quoted a Czech general 56 32 34 Tuesday Little change in tem perature IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday Minimum Sunday night At 8 a m Monday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday Minimum Saturday night At 8 a m Sunday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 70 37 6 40 TZ 43 there The German DNB announce ment of the evacuation of Odessa claimed that German counterat tacks prevented advancing soviet forces from interfering with the axis withdrawal and inflicted heavy losses on the red army Despite the DNB announcement military observers were inclined to doubt that the Germans were able to extricate more than a por V ;