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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, April 10, 1942

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 10, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT HISTORY AND DES MOINES C 0 M P VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED FIVE CENTS THt NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY APRIL 107T942 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE SECTION ONENO 155 NEARLY 3500 SAVED FROM BATAAN Japanese Sink British Aircraft Carrier TONS IS VICTIM OF AIR ATTACK English Deny Other Claims byNipponese in Battle Near Ceylon LONDON first aircraft carrier the 23 year old Hermes has been sunk in Japans unabated effort to beat down the sea and air shield against invasion of India but the enemys total claims of victory are too extrava gant the British admiralty said Friday in a communique Japanese planes cither bombers or torpedo the 10850ion Hermes about 10 miles off Ceylon a pivot of British strength at the tip of India on the western side of the broad Bay of Bengal The loss of the Hermes came soon after the sinking of the heavy cruisers Dorsetshire and Corn wall acknowledged Thursday in the same area The cruiser losses had seriously crippled British pro tection of the sea road to India Now in the Joss of the Hermes the royal navy has been stripped another formidable weapon Thus Major General Lewis H Breretons hard hitting American army bomber force in India was left with still greater responsibili ty in the defense of the subconti nent informedsource said the attacks tnV Hermes Dorseiahlre and TCorawall were sent tothe bottom cost the Japa nese fully 75 planes He said the Hermes was sunk by bombs not planelaunched tor pedoes The Japanese however claimed even greater successes in the flaming intermittent battle which has become perhaps the wars greatest test of seapower versus air power A Japanese naval communique said that besides the Hermes a 9100ton cruiser of the Birming ham class and a 7550ton cruiser of the Emerald class were sunk Thursday oft Trincomalee naval station Ceylon To this the London admiralty countered The Japanese claim to have sunk cruisers off Trincomalee is known to be quite untrue Thursday the Japanese claimed 21 merchant vessels and the two cruisers had been sunk in Indian ocean operations up to Tuesday April 7 Fridays claim added the Hermes two cruisers a destroyer a patrol vessel and six other ships to the Japanese list of sinkings but of these the British confirmed only that of the Hermes The Jap anese said also that a cruiser of the 7270ton Leander class was damaged The Japanese account of he battle said her forces suffered no damage but lost 10 planes Tokio raid The British lost 51 planes over land and sea The Japanese report indicated Trincomalee was heavily raided The British navy alrcady commitled to guarding much of the North Atlantic as well as the Mediterranean was spread thinly over eastern waters Ob servers said that the Japanese in the past few days had won tem porary air and sea control of the Indian ocean of which the Bay of Bengal is the principal arm Pending the issue of the battle of the sea approaches land forces on the Burma approach to IndiaV eastern frontier appeared to marking time British headquar ters at New Delhi summed i the situation on the Burma fro as of Thursday with Nothing report The Japanese land forces w inly 30 miles from the Yenanma oil fields of Burma The British clinging to positions in the lira waddy river valley on the eastern end were preparing to burn am blow up the wells upon material zation of the Japanese threat The Hermes was involved deep ly in developing the navys air arm She was the first vessel especially designed by the admir alty as a carrier and could carry 20 planes as compared with the 60 or 70 of newer carriers She could carry nearly 700 officers and men The British navv was especi ally fond its firstborn Hermes Typical is a general note re be up nt to vere 0iirnnr uy Schenectady N Y school children to sell i50000 worth of war savings stamps and bonds to buy a tank for Gen Douglas MacArthuiended with a total sale of more than Martel Zajan who sold worth of stamps was given the honor of christening the tank above with a bottle of water from the Pacific Report Jones Displeased by Editorial Shook Publisher WASHINGTON WThe Evening Star said Friday that Secre andmubliCf Thursday night shook Eugene Meyer fell to thefloor and were tered after Jones earlier had ex pressed displeasure at a Post edi sprinting to the piano playedthe Wtta Jeelingvwtiileeveryone came to The Star said neither Meyer would comment on ihe af fair this morning but that both were goodnatured about it later in the evening Thursday night At the white house President Roosevelt smilingly remarked to reporters that he had no news on the subject when they in quired at his press conference whether he had heard anything from Jones or Meyer since the battle 3g Arc you in a neutral corner he was asked He said he hoped he would not be made referee or umpire and laughed aside a question whether he was counting time An editorial in the Post Thurs day said hat Jones as head of among other government agen cies the RFC rubber reserve com pany fell down rather badly on the job acquiring and producing sufficient rubber to meet an emergency that we should have foreseen and prepared for with feverish haste The chief reason for his failure is a boundless am bilion for power that has led to his taking on more jobs than he can successfully manage The proof of an officials worth to his country lies in his abiliiy to meet and conquer the kind ot obstacles of which Mr Jones complains Blaming the other fellow is a of a mark of merit meeting of the Aiialfa club one of Washingtons oldest and most prominent goodfellow ship organizations which was held at the New Willard hotel The Star said Jones was leav ing the gathering to keep a din ner engagement and as he walked toward an exit he met Meyer Mr Jones the paper said addressing some words that come from deep in the heart oE Texas to Mr Meyer then took him by both shoulders and shook him Mr Meyers glasses fell to the floor and shattered Several ob servers thinking at first that Mr Jones and Mr Meyer were mere ly overenthusiastic in their greetings smiled happily at the good fellowship thus for they are old friendsBut with the tinkle of Mr Meyers glasses on the floor others sensed that action was needed It came in a rush of friends to separate the gentlemen and lead them to wide ly separated seats That was all except that for mer Representative John J OConnor of New York who was at first mistaken for maker was also led a peace away by y friends Mr OConnor according to observers apparently wished to join up on one side or the other and cnme in swinging He touched no one however and explained later that he was defending Mr Jones The incident las led about 15 seconds and quickwitted George corded by Janes Fighting Ships Splendid sea boat very steady with remarkably little rolling propensity IS 8TH MAJOR SHIP LOST BY BRITAIN The 10850ton Hermes started as a part of Britains emergency program of the first World war was the first warship specially designed by the admiralty as an aircraft carrier Previously carriers had been reconstructed from existing ships She was the eighth major ship lost to the British navy in this war the first of such impor tance to go down since the bat tleship Prince of Wales and the battle cruiser Repulse were sunk by the Japanese off IUa laya last Dec 10 and the fourth British aircraft carrier sent to the bottom The other carriers sunk were u le 22000ton Ark Royal the i 22oOOlon Courageous the 22500 ton Glorious The British navy started the war with 10 aircraft carriers and two scheduled for completion during 1S42 Hermes was begun Jan 15 1918 but was not fitted out com pletely until 1324 She was re fitted in 193334 She was built to carry 20 planes with a complement of almost 700 officers and men Janes fighting ships Iwts her armor as probably of the light cruiser type MAY PROCLAIM SIEGE IN BREST Germans Warn French in Coastal City to Be Prepared for Order VICHY authori ties notified the population of the coastal city of Brest on the English channel Friday to be ready for a proclamation of a state of siege without advance notice The state of siege would be pro claimed because of the existence ot elements which micht when the moment appeared favorable permit themselves to engage in manifestataions which could have unpredictable repercussions the German notice said The tenor of the German an nouncement indicated it was con cerned with subversive activities among the French population of the Germanoccupied city rather than in preparation for meeting possible invasion attempt by lied forces The declaration published in newspaper Depeche de Brest the state of siege if proclai would last indefinitely Buy war savings bonds and stamps from your GlobeGazelle carrier boy al i the said limed HERMES 10850 Childrens Work Buys Tank Decision Near RFPflRT Al IIFR Trtiift IA IHAPII EWMEir fn pirfMem LIUIll nLLILU ORIVEURGEDBY 2 U S CHIEFS General Marshall and Heads of Britains Fighting Forces Confer in War Jobs WASHINGTON President Roosevelt disclosed Friday that in connection with studies for mo bilization of man power for war industries the government was considering voluntary registration of all women IB to 65 years old Probably a week Mr Roosevelt asserted some deci sion will be reached on how to go about channeling man pow er into war jobs One difficulty in registering women he asserted at a press conference is inherent in the number of persons who would come forward to enroll This would create mechanical difficul ties he said remarking that the preparation of cards alone would be a tremendous task He said there had been talk of a voluntary registration for wom en on the next registration day for men up to B5 on April 27 If and he emphasized the if it is decided to register women a date will be set later on A cabinet committee which has been tussliig the prob lem of channeling men into war production activities thus far has made only an oral report the chief executive said But the question is discussed he added at nearly every cabinet meeting One of the real problems in set ting up the machinery after it is determined what is to be done with available man power Mr Roosevelt explained lies in a de termination whether a completely new governmental agency should be created or whether there should merely be some central su ernmental gaged in allocating and iiiing man and woman power HEAVYFROST IS PREDICTED Lowest Temperature to Be Below Freezing Weatherman Reports DES M01NES W Jonquils blooming in the back yard and birds singing ih the trees notwith standing Iowa is due for a heavy frost Friday night the weather bureau announced The forecast read Colder Friday afternoon and Friday night Lowest temperature well below freezing with heavy frost Friday night Continued cold Saturday forenoon Shippers were warned to pre pare for readings of 20 degrees above zero in the northern half of the state Friday night for 28 in the southeast and 24 in the southwest Thursdays high was 63 at Car roll and Alta while Waterloo re ported the state low of 25 Thurs day night The range at Des Moines was from 54 Thursday afternoon down to 33 Thursday night J Burlington reported 8 of an mch of rain while Keokuk had PLANT 273 TREES DES MOINES of 23 new trees on the statehouse lawn marked the Arbor day ob servance here Friday The trees were donated by various Iowa nurseries The BnldwinPatterson post of the American Legion ar ranged an evening Arbor day program Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Slightly colder Friday afternoon and Friday night Lowest temperature 20 IOWA Slightly colder in most sections Friday night light to locally heavy frost in east por tion Little change in tempera ture Saturday forenoon Somewhat colder most sections Light snow north cast Friday night little change in temperature Saturday lore noon IN B1ASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 54 Min Thursday night 30 At 8 a m Friday 34 YEAR AGO Maximum 49 Minimum 42 Precipitation Trace LONDON George C Marshall United States chief of staff hurried to the war office riday apparently in response to an urgent sum mons to confer with the chiefs of B r i t a i ns lighting serv ices Harry H o p kins leaselend a d m inistrator at the same time started a series of con MARSHALL ferences with British war cabinet members Reliable informants said that both Marshall and Hopkins in their conferences Friday were dis cussing the urgent necessity lor allied offensive action It was believed that in Ihe war office conferences Marshall met Admiral Sir Dudley Pound Gen Sir Alan Brooke and Air Chief Marshall Sir Charles Portal the chiefs of staff the navyarmy and air force Maj Gen Sir Hastings Ismay chief of staff to Prime Minister Winston Churchill in Churchills capacity of defense Lord Louis g Georgescousin who has been as signed to special secret war cabi net duties Both Marshall and Hopkins it was understood were in constant touch with Churchill It was learned thai one of the themes of Hopkins talks with the prime minister and other British leaders ivas that the United States did not want to wait until it gained mass su periority in weight and amount of war material but felt H must concenfrafe present resources for immediate use to seize the initiative from the axis This was believed to be one rf the confidential matters which Hopkins said President Roosevelt had entrusted him and Marshal to discuss with Churchill It was reported that of Hop kins assignments was to study British labor conscription meth ods and it was speculated whether some form of selectee labor might be adopted in the United States Informants recalled that Washington dispatches recently had emphasized the need for mo bile labor units which could be sped from one section of the coun try to another II was understood Hopkins had informed British production chiefs that since Russia had brcn given No 1 priority American Avar materials and munitions had been pourinc in as fast as Russian port facili ties could handle them American ship building is also progressing at such a rate Hop kins was believed to have said that there will soon be impera tive need for Bussia to build ad ditional cargo handling installa tions Marshall it was understood plans soon to confer with leaders of exiled governments here to determine the part that Furopes vast underground army will play in united nations strategic plans for a continental offensive Nazis Threaten to Kill 16000 Serbs If Guerrillas Dont Stop LONDON German auth orities liavc posted proclamation in Jugoslavia demanding an end to guerilla warfare by Monday and threatening execution ot 16 000 hostages a Jugoslav refugee government spokesman said Fri day 1 FORT r MILLS WERE REMOVED TO FORT UNDER COVER OF NIGHT Marines and Sailors Were Evacuated Navy Communique Reveals an can of to Ihe stubborn threemonth defense of Bataim penin sula in the Philippines collapsed as Lieut Gen Jonathan M Wainwnght reported that the Japanese had enveloped the east flank 1 of his defense lines General Wain wnght was at Fort Mills on Corregidor island which still commanded the entrance to Manila bay CLAIM CABCABEN NOW OCCUPIED Japs Report Military Installations Destroyed by Retreating Americans TOKIO From Japanese Broad troops mov ing south along the east coast of Bataan liave occupied the town of Caucaben the last seUlement be fore the outpost of Mariveles on the extreme tip ot the besieged peninsula frontline dispatches said i Friday other military installations atCabcabcn and on the road to the south have been destroyed by retreating American and Filipino troops he dispatches said The occupation of Cabcaben fol lowed Jhe Japanese advance down the cast coast in which the towns of Limay and Lamao were taken Japanese dispatches said that everywhere on the south coast of Bataan huge columns of smoke may be seen Man 79 jailed for Begging Meals Has in Coat Lining CHICAGO Carlson 3 jailed when several restaurant owners complained he bothered them even after getting free meals didnt like the jail menu of ba loney rye bread and coffee How do I get out of here he asked Thats easy said Sergt Joseph McDowell all you have to do is put up bond Carlson tore open the lining of his shabby coat took out two crisi S100 bills handed them to the sergeant and went free with a re minder to appear in court on beg ging charges Waits All Night for Rescuers Rather Than Walk Through Mud CAMDEN N J fP Mrs Frances H W Kenwqrthey acci dentally backed her car down a 60 foot embankment into Cooper river and waited nine rescuers rather than wade through ankledeep mud Police finally noticed the car and pulled it out At first I figured 1 would climb up the bank for help said the 45 year old attorneys wife But I had on my best clothes and didnt want to ruin them Her clothes were spotless Engaged 50 Years Get Wedding License PASADENA Cal C Smith 75 and Jennie E Ren slow 72 celebrated the golden anniversary of their engagement by applying for a marriage li cense Now that weve got the license I suppose well be mar ried right soon Smith said He didnt explain the 50year wail DEFEND INDIA TO UTMOSTNEHRU Reports Are Heard of Fresh Hitches in British Negotiations Ja NEW DELHI India uvahartal Nehru told Indians riday that their duty whatever the results of negotiations with Sir Stafford Cripps was to serve and defend India to the uttermost The potent leader of the Hindu allIndia congress party made his exhprla tiotT tor h is cou ntryrnen on opening a campaign to rally In dians to the defense of their coun omen that the deli cate complex negotiations to give India dominion status after the war are Hearing success Reports were heard of fresh hitches in Sir Staffords negotia tions Certain members of the alJIndia congress party working committee were said to have found changes in the original British proposals unsatisfactory now that these have been fuJlv explained The committees final decision is expected soon After long talks with the British envoy Nehru conferred Thursday night with Louis Johnson Presi dent Roosevelts personal emis sary The working committee of the Moslem league also continued dis cussions on the reply it intends to give Sir Stafford and after the days session its president Mohamed Ali Jinnah conferred with the British negotiator The congress party was reported Thursday to have indicated its readiness to accept Britains modi fied national government for India now with an Indian in the vital office of defense minis ter and dominion status later The allIndia Moslem league strongest voice of Ihc Moslem min ority was said Friday to be ready to associate itself with a national government also provided its peo ple were given an effective share of povcr and authority Sayinp that many Indians abroad had expressed the de sire to return home Nehru de clared it is the duty of every Indian who can do so to return and I trust that those in author ity will facilitate this return X if He did not say whether he re ferred to Indian army units Let each one of us stick to the post of duty he urged whatever befalls There is going to be no evacuation for us from this dear country of ours or from one plaic to another NET INCOME DECLINES DES MOINFS income of the Iowa Power and Light com pany declined to in 1941 compared with S84201I in 1040 the compnn3 reported President C A Lcland attributed the de crease io substantial increases in properly and federal income taxes Torpedo Goes Wild in Bay Hits Cargo Ship WASHINGTON WThe navy The navys announcement of K WASHINGTON navy reported Friday that a torpedo accidentally discharged from a motor torpedo boat in Narragansctt bay had struck the U S S Capel la a 4070 ton naval cargo vessel Thursday afternoon The navys announcement of this mishap in Rhode Island waters did not say whether the torpedo had exploded but did note that the Capella assisted by tugs has been anchored in shoal water and is in no immediate danger The torpedo discharged of a defective firing circuit in the torpedo boat roamed a total ds tance of 10000 yards through the bay before striking the cargo ves sel No further information re garding the incident was mad available here WASHINGTON of i estimated 3500 marines and bluejackets in the original Ameri forces in the Bataan sector the Philippines arc presumed have been evacuated to the fortress island of Corrcgidor the lavy announced Friday reporting hey were removed under cover if darkness when collapse of pe linsula defense appeared immi nent The navy announced at the same time ina communique that three ships the 5975 ton Cano pus submarine fender ihe g40 ton mine sweeper Bittern and ihe 845 ton Napa a tuf had been dcsfrnyed to prevent their being used by the enemy The famous 37 year old Dewey drydock which like the ships had been damaged by early Jap anese bombings also was des troyed Further the communique re ported that a United States sub marine while on duty in the vi cinity the Celebes sea had sunk a large heavilyarmed Japanese vessel described as either an aux iliary cruiser or a large tender The navy did not give out of ficially the extact number of ma rines and sailors removed from Bataan to Corregidor but said simply their part in the struggle to save Bataan now endedthe U S navy and U S marine corps personnel who can fight in any further defensive efforts in the Philippines have been evacuated to Corregidor However it was dis closed that the marine force originally assignee to the army command in Bataan had nuru bered about 1500 officers and men and it was understod authori tatively that ihe original force of bluejackets was estimated at about 2000 CORREGIDOR FLAG STILL WASHINGTON dor a tiny island fortress proudly Haunted the stars and stripes be fore besieging Japanese armies Friday while southward in Hie Philippine Archipelago American lorpcdo boats sank a cruiser guarding new invading forces But on bloody Bataan penin sula just five miles across Ma nila bay from Corrcgidor it was apparent that Japanese hordes had crushed the last American Filipino resistance To President Roosevelt as com manderinchief came this mes sage from Lieutenant General Jonathan M Wainwright com mander in the Philippines Our flag still flies on the be leaguered island fortress of Cor regidor Then the general tersely noted that the enemy was apparently landing troops in Cebu some 350 air miles south of Manila and our torpedo boast attacked he enemy vessels sinking a Japanese cruiser Tlic president revealed his message from General Waln wriffht at a press conference shortly after the war depart ment had released a communi first in 17 hours after a special bulletin early Thurs day announced the probability that the Bataan defenses hail been overcome The communique left unan swered whether large numbers tne Bataan defenders had sur rendered or how many had reached Corrcgidor Mr Roosevelt snid hat of course we all feel badly about Ba taan and that there was no further news concerning the 36853 ef fectives known to have been fac ing the Japanese there Wednesday except that lie had received what he called a grand message from General Wainwright in reply to a message he had sent Neither message was released in lull and Mr Roosevelt read only the single sentence from Wain Wrights communication that the flag still flies over Corregidor This communication came in Friday morning The war department reported that American torpedo boats sank a Japanese cruiser off Cebu in the central Philippines but hat on the Bataan peninsula fighting apparently had ceased The overwhelming air and artillery superiority of the Jap anese finally overcame the dogged resistance of the hun Kry and exhausted defenders the war department said The communique based on re poils from Corregidor received up until 10 a m eastern war time ;