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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 10, 1941, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME Of I OK A COUP U01NCS U THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLVI1 ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FUUL LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY APRIL 10 1911 MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT THIS IAPER CONSISTS OV TOUR SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 155 GREEKS BRITISH BRACE DEFENSES Croat Revolt in Serbia Reported Istanbul Begins Evacuation AM EARL HALL BRITISH DESTROY BERLIN OPERA HOUSE Capital of Paradise for Birds Seen EDITORS NOTE This is another of a series of articles written by Earl Hall Mason City GlobeGazette managing editor in the course of a lour through South America as one of a party of 12 ijuesls of lie Carnegie Endowment for Inter national Icace NUMBEU 27 By W EARL HALL IN THE HARBOR OF ARICA there is a bird para dise and if in that bird paradise there is a capi ta I s I o u 1 cl think perhaps it m i g h t be here at Arica northern most port city of Chile Always in the past at the movies when a travel picture showing count less birds was flashed on the screen Ive been a bit in clined to sus pect it was trick photography But now Im definitely removed from the list of doubters With others in our Carnegie party I stood this morning on the crest ot Morro headland high above the little ciiy of Arica and higher still above the Pacific ocean ffml saw a sweep of patos marinos of the duck family ex tending as far up and clown the coastline as my eye could reach Im sure there must hnve been as many waterfowl in the air at one moment as there arc dollars in our national debt Or almost as many at least From my stateroom portholes on the Santa Lucia I can look across the Arica Harbor and the principal object in view is that same Mono headland appearing almost exactly like Gibraltar There is one notable exception This rocky eminence looks as it had been freshly whitewashed V And therein lies a vastly im portant story so far as this sec tion of South America is con cerned The whitewash in ques tion is what is known as guano and those fisheating patos are responsible for it Guano as a commercial fertiliz er has become one of South Americas principal products It myriad arc to nil intent and purposes flying factories Much of the original wciillh of the W R Grace who founded the com pany by which this liner s owned was based on raffickins in gujinn Intcrnationy 1 disputes of tre mendous bitterness have been waged ever the guano problem with certain governments object ing to a too extensive export of South Americas famous fertilizer to fanners and gardeners through out the world Mv recollections of this day will include a trip by antnmn bilc through an irrigated valley ronlaiiuiiB a wide variety of fruit and agricultural crops A shortage of rain in the upland source of the irrigation streams is making itself definitely felt in llic valley At the remote end of our jour ncv was an olive press used by the Spaniards ss much as three hun Hed years ago Although out of use tor i century or so the equip ment mostly wood is in a re markable slate of preservation due to the dryness ot the climate On our return trip we left the valley and followed a dusty trail along the side of the completely barren foothills In places where the road ahead appeared to be OTHER GERMAN CENTERS ALSO RAIDED BY AIR Germans Admit Three Palaces in Capital Damaged by Bombs By TIIK ASSOCIATED PRESS F R Asks for Authority to Take Over Any Foreign Ships Plans Air Bases in Greenland Request to Acquire Boats Is Not Limited to Danish Vessels Puts Greenland Under U S Protection in Friendship to Danes WASHINGTON Unil Sliiles embraced Greenland BERLIN magnificent German State opera house one of I subject to the payment of just Adolf Hitlers favorite theaters I compensation was destroyed and three palaces I were damaged Wednesday night by British airmen in what the high command acknowledged to be the heaviest raid on Berlin since the war began DNB7 official German news agency said however there were only six deaths in Berlin WAS1NNGTON Roosevelt asked congress Tliurs cd day for broad statutory authority within its hemisphere defense vs to take over nay foreign owned vessels lying idle in our ports This authority he said in u mes sage to Die legislators should be NAZIS DECLARE ARMY REACHED ALBANIA FRONT Claim Serbs Doomed and British Hopes for Turkeys Help Ended LOOK INSIDE FOR kiii Thursday under an agree ment permitting establishment of I m air bases and President Roosevelt troops aid it was proposed to make suc V10 arc thrusling Ihe big island would remain a folward in pursuit of the retrc it Danish colony bit too bumpy or too dusty our Emdcn Bremen and several other vilal war centers in northern Germany also were at tacked as well as Bellevuc caslle in Berlin guest house for foreign statesmen the most re cent of whom was Japanese Foreign Minister Yosukc Matsu oka The high command said the luftwaffe antiaircraft and naval artillery shot down IS British planes Wednesday night presum ably over Gcrnjany while a 17th was brought down over the occu pied area A communique said seven British planes were downed Tuesday night and 10 in daylight hours Tuesday in attempted RAF raids on the occupied territory Heavy blows against Birm ingham and the port of New casUc as well as Ipswich and Simthamnlcm were ajso claimed by the high command Ilcavv caliber bombs hit armament planls ship wharves and docks and started fires the commu nique said In the nazi attack on British shipping the destruction of nine ships totaling 49000 tons was claimed while five other large ships and 2 destroyer were said to have been damaged The British said 11 German planes were downed Wednesday night in nazi raids on Britain and acknowledged Joss of eight of their own planes Wednesday night The slate opera house was burned out after a shower of incendiaries struck it Thurs day moniiiifr a dense cloud of smoke Imnj over the center of the city aUrartiu hundreds of llic curious Fife hose criss crossed Unler den Limlcn am the area was nincil off The opera house is noi lo he confused with the Kroll opera house where the rcichstag now meets The former crown prince pal ace now a state gallery of mod ern art also was hit The incendiaries apparently coming down in bundles fcil on numerous other building along he venue including the historic PiUrfian state library where lie attic was burned out Similarly burner nut was th top flocr of She Emperor William I palace opposite the state ope re and the right of the univcri ly across the strc t A number of office buildings to vut the sate suf fered minor damage from incen diaries Also hii was Bellcvue castic guest house where foreign states men arc entertained when viiting Berlin In Potsdam the facade of tiic socalled new pnace onetime residence of Wilhrlm II wa dam aged as well as som valuable art ooiects Informed source said that the Although the chief executive had asserted Tuesday that he woulrt recommend legislation to permit the purchase or charter of 39 Danish vessels which have been lakeii into protective custody by the coast guard the language of his message Thurs day was mt limited to the Dan ish ships Jugoslav army the high mand said Thursday The president cited a provision of the merchant marine act of 193G which authorizes him to requisition or purchase any Amer icanowned vessels in time of na tional emergency or when the na tional defense makes it advisable The section provides for a method of compensation There doe1 not appear Mr Roosevelt asserted to be any comparable provision with respect to foreign owned vessels lying idle in our ports In viewof the growing short age of availabletonnage suited to our national needs I am satis fied after consultation with the heads of tiic interested depart ments and agencies of the gov ernment that we should iiave statutory authority to take over any such vessels as our needs may require subject of course lo the payment of just compensation It is obvious thai our ulti mate defense will lit rendered futile if tile growing shortage of shipping facilities is not ar rested V Ships in American ports include two German and 28 Italian vessels which have been taken into cus tody on grounds of sabotage or attempted sabotage Berlin and Rome have protested the seizures Informed persons predicted con gress would grant the requested authority and that soon thereafter the president would use the ac quired ships in some form helpful o the British Mr Roosevelt told his press I conference Tuesday this soverni menl had the right lo declare the 1 30 axis ships forfeited In the j United States but could not turn Ilicm over to the British under such a procedure However ihcir addition to the United Slates mcr chant marine might permit the re lease of sonic American The chief eNccutivc said in a formal statement that the cut step which in effect Greenland under the protection of this government is a new proof of our continuing friend liness to An agreement to place the island within the scope of Americas plans for cooperative defense of the western hemisphere was signed Wednesday by the president and by the Danish minister Hendrik DC Kauffman who Mr Roose velt said acted on behalf of the Danish king In handing the presidents state ment to reporters Presidential Secretary Stephen Early said the agreement hacl been consummated after the United States re ceived information that German planes have been living over Greenland Greenland he said lias been placed in exactly tlie same cate Kiry as any oilier Atlantic is iands owned by nonAmerican powers The agreementthe sec retary asserted is in complete accordance with terms of the Hlonroc Doctrine and with a declaration signed by the 21 American republics at Havana In that latter declaration the republics agreed that no foreign possession in the western hemis phere should be transferred lo the flag of another foreign country In its communique the hish Biifirmcil repurls in atithorizcil German quarters that the German forces had reached the AlbanianJusoilav frontier after taking Tetovo and Prilcp The communique repeated the five special communiques issued Wednesday reporting the capture of Nis Tetovo Prilcp and Mari bov the smashing of the Greek Metaxas line the capture of bi lonikn and the surrender of Greeks who had defended the Rupel pass Nazis asserted jubilantly that the German blitzkrieg victories in he Balkans had doomed Jugo slavia ended British hopes that Turkey would intervene in liic war and provided iv sober moral lesson for nations which still might be considering their own course The high command said that I in addition to 20000 prisoners I mentioned Wednesday about 1001 guns several hundred machine guns and large stores of fuel muI unions and equipment fell into our hands H said that Salonika had been captured by panzer units which swept down the Vardar valley Turks Regardj ADORED CARS War Threat as Serious TANKS TAKE UP NEW POSITIONS ISTANBUL Turkey able to withdraw a considerable portion of Istanbuls population The government offered to transport the people free into the interior The action was regarded as an indication of how seriously Tur key considers the threat ufwar lo Nt mini on the European of the Bosporus less than miles from the frontier of Bul Jiria about 15u miles frum Die eastern section of Greece both occupied by Germany TUItKEY IS ASSIJKKI N WONT ATTACK YOliK Koine fiom wellinformed sources thai had reiterated minister assurance Strong Reinforcements Said to Be Arriving in South Greek Ports XUHIC1I Switzerland vURi inn BlJicfcM by radio Zagreb Thurs luuulay mylii indicated ihit ex tremist Croat elements have seized control in Croat in and that German trooups are expected In InteiZagreb the capital at nnv time The radio station apparently vc exiled Croat leader w o has bcci the slat ion at p allegedly by Ur Vladimir Miicek the ven erable Croat ieycicr iid member For to Turki Sukru Saiacoglu hut Germany has no intention ol attacking Tur of the Jugoslav government CBS i Uli 1 up by 1AMES ROOSEVELT Gets License to Be Wed to Miss Schneider PAGE 2 Achievement Day in Palo Alto April 14 STATE PAGE H Drcn rfll JL Ui Citlii UAW ACCEPTS 3 POiNT PLAN No Word Received Yet From Ford on Governor Van Proposal Automobile Workcis CIO ac cepted Thursday a three point proposal for settlement of the Foid Motor companv strike which j Gov Akinay D Van Wagoner laid J before foolh shies in lie contro jail Croats to follow the leadership j ol Slavko aternik a follower of favclic who was de as having liikcn over all I power in Hi e territory within Croaiias historical limits Till in oflitials Armored Cars and Tanks in Defense Kg THE ASSOCIATED IliESS bliHN Brit ish were reported fillinfi in a new defense line across tiic P e n in s u 1 a Thursday rushing flamethrowers tanks and ar mored cars north from Piraeus the Port of Athens for a decisive cattle iiiu German blitzkrieg in vaders V Striina Jiiiiisli reinforcements iverisaid ti he arriving it smidicrn Greek ports from Air Ira 6 AMERICANS IN SALONIKA SAFE Report Greek City Fell Quietly Before German Blitzkrieg ATHENS UR A telephone call o Salonika revealed Thurs day thit the city had fallen quiet ly to the Germans iiul that nil six Americans there were Newspapers used such headlines that Jugoslavias sion that voiir proposal is Maribor Is Free in describ lwcgi Policy had the fullest ing the German captureof the y of tlle soviet governnient area and n typical comment was that this old outpost of German ism once ajjaiu belongs to he reich if of the Balkan ficlit inff intimatedthat Germanys armored forces had lost heavily in casualties in smashing the Greek Metaxas line One of he many such stories blazoned on the first pages of Thursdays newspapers said that the first fort in th jietasiis hue jfcll in less tlnirin minutes iul 1 later attacks the ciiiirspniuirnt They were Mr Tilly of the Gary Tobacco companv at Xanthi the Ciiiscd irn ill United States consul John DlriiUes without of Johnson and vice consul Edmund j peel of ccrfiin su A Gullion Mr and Mrs Charles j However he House and George Wcller of the Chicago Daily News Arthur Rancton of the Stanci message did not hint But no wheic in it was there a reference to Denmark alone or to any spe cific country or its ships contlmcci driver blaze fire n the stac library whicii was would leave he tvail and i reported brought under cc rol new one for himself j quickly had not damaged iic col What one good do for this country I kept re marking to myself Arica itself Is much likr Mol larger ami more metropolitan in jppcar anrr uilli mnro pivinj ami IISN rtnsl nf our partv pur licularly atlractrd hy a invcrn meiitai housing uroicct now a year anO a half under way Voirlmrnl domes for about 150 J L ouldnt lection of approximately 3QOOOCO volume there families arc lo and r of about S5 be monthly rcnlrl i whirh once had n value about half las as our dollar has been depressed In about i cents H seems thai Chile is paying for her failure to keep her national credit Sooci CLAIM 80000 GREEKS TAKEN Germans State Final Number to Be Larger When Count Is Ended BERLIN German mili tary spokesman said Thurday that Greek prisoners captured in Thrace numbered more tliiin 80 000 but that the final number i will be much greater since the count is not yet finished The Ger mans declared themselves ready for preliminary aerial thruts against the British on ihc Balkan Anatolia college and his wiic and Miss Mevcvetlc Smith represen tative of a Near East relief organ it Nation the only other Americans in Salonika hart left by aiilomo hr bile for Aiheii few remaining also had Iclt bv automobile Stuka dive bombing planes ar rived and each fort in the Ger man path wassubjected to meiei less dive bombing and artillery attack An official newsagency dispatch said the airplane bombing of Bel grade had been so intenseHint after dark nrc can sec the siire antic fires from Rumanian EASTER SUNDAY April 13 Herring 25 Called 1 to Claibourne Service MOINES Lieut Clyde K llcnina Mn of Senai Clyde I Hcrriim Dlowa and i reserve ofliccr has received i orders to report for active army duty at Camp Claibourne La l At 2 13 to three hours the nimble of hcavv cxplo sions could be heard The key nazi paper Esencr Na tional Zeitun orfian of Iicld ilavsha Goering nazi No 2 said of the German victories The fate of Serbia was nircaciv sealer before Die massed Serb armies began the battle All of Serbia now presents n sinale giant keltic from which there is nn nutlet The fall nf Salonika mrirs the burial of the last hopes Knslnd had nourished of Turkih intcr vention One can rol ove csliiniie hc importance both of thefact that all land connections between Turkey antJGreccc have been nil and of the moral imnression that this German blilz triumph will mnke on all spectators at thewar thralcr who under certain circumstances become participanls There was io clue to thr ivi tions meant and that the recent sliiv treaty was based on liim foundation of he friendship exist ing between the two peoples In the most outspoken editorial yet of a series indicating Russian sympathy for Jugoslavia Red Star reaffirmed that the treaty pro vided for friendly relations be tween Russia and Jugoslavia in event one rf the signatory coun tries wn5 attacked The treaty acquires greater value in ihc new circumstances since the soviet union exe cutes it intcinniional ohiiimmis tied Star nd The iicaiv on a lirm Yundation nf friendship and confidence between the two peoples The lieiy reflected The s n vie unions strengthened portion and inter nalionnl weight Amid the mosl critical develop menlin he Balkans the tJuso t r lugoslav pact manifested llic i JtlChPv W peacefulaims of the new Tugoi liovcinmcnt It foreign poicv i FvanLc ympalliy of1 IdnK S r0 a constructive basis for termina tion of the strike and would create for ul stable md equitable labor relations in the plant pcnclini tionnl iaboi election id Italian contingents With Greece split in I wo and eastern Thriicc d northern eiigullett in Adolf Hil Icr s nath rsten drive to holding of thena j the castthe British were rcnort relations boards to be nianning y new line ex tending from a point south of Sa Oui dceisiun has been influ enced also bv the desire of the CIO the UAWCIO and the Ford workers to expedite our national defense program We accordingly accept your i proposal and will recommend its I adoption lo a ineetiim woikeis tonijthl i The iette was irned lv Thtimiis Allan S fll ivtiiial direclir and Michael K Wiclmnn Ji diiccloi il the UAWFurl oryanhn cummiuee At the lime lie m igivcn tiie Kovennr received no wind 1 officials of lonika to lie Albanian port Chimara on the Adriatic sen The British were reported to be on ISOmile defense line iu nor hern Greece from Phloiina somncasl to Mount Olympus an chorctl at he left by the 850U loot Mount Peristcr aisd Lake respa nd running along iic us i range through the town of Kraain t Olympu lcl ii reily was id he had i fioin lord met with the fullest icies as the soviet overimicnf which is QQi pi Chairman and consistently for peue siiviet uinin unwaxCL niflv supjiij t any ici aimed at avin ijenple from Hie iavigcs nf war WASHINGTON ir i f forincr lawa man who wa elected i iiCMlay said lie would i I Wccl tlie AlllMiiiRlilIu Greeks avscikd icnmuts f their Macedonian army encircled by ilc Germans north of Salonika slill lcrc nul i a fight to Iho ilcalh il appeared liiat all liopcs fur stemming Ihc nan push limscd on the new de fense line v Keports from the front indicated hiil Jugoslavia would be com pel led to iisht scpuratc battle Italian disptchcs early Thtirs ly nil iho Qeiniaii inci Italian driving into southcni HigoMavia tiom opposite diicc n C of e f his pretiecessni Jerome MASOX CITY Partly Tliiirsdiiy nislil and warmer Friday IOWA Partly cloudy Thursday night mid Friday scattered showerextreme west Friday afternoon or night treme wet ThuiMlay nighi and central and east Kriday M I X X K S O T A Partly Thursday night and lridav seaItci eel showers e x I r e mc west Friday afternoon mmaht not much rhaiiEc in tempera ture IN MASON CITY i Eicbcr a native cloudy county Iowa told Friday fhink Ihat it without f Washington 1 Maximum Mm Wcdieriay mi A f a m AOKIJ DIKS j Maria Gcilcr who knew Abrahiin fmcoln during her giilliood in Il linois died here Wcdncsdiiv 11 in view of my record that fwill continue Mr Franks policies I be IKVC in thise policies and my rccoid of npport is tie most eon vincinK evidence I cun jive that they will be pursued Iichcr is a former miiiber i iDimess from the first luwa ti trict Council Bluffs Seeks U S Defense Projects WASHINGTON dc fcnc projects lor southwes tern Iowa as their annuuncetl three Council Bluffs lwa men corfciTcd here Wcdnctiny v itl meinbei ni votisrc and jio irn officials They wei e K OBrien publisher oitiie Cmnicii Bluffs Nonprvil and mcmbri ui liuluva ilclnlriai and defene commission Mayor S W McCill and Vciii lets nf the Chimbcr of Commci cc wr expected o A Ijordcr wc4t of c city at the head ver valley leading Tiic incctiiiK fake place nl batiiiinlugolrv stratcg tin Vardar r to Salonika German mechanized troops were reported Wednesday to hnve reached Tetovo about 3 miles of Skoplje and only ir mlc t Itahan advance efemeni jus midc tiie Jugol the but v inirwhilc niiKiim a ociieiHtc effort t the lli iii iind join hands wilh near tic Ochrida iney were aid bo still tome 5C imjc tiom Ihcnobjective One Itigosiav column driving ciown iilong ihc Albanian cwt iwii rcnottcrl alicmptins t force he Albanian puirit Sell r mile id 1111 Military observers cxiicMscd liclirf liourvcr that Ihc Mrilisli ivy must art ouickly lo force a ivrssifir nl Hie Straits of Otranln hrlwcen lUly and AI ;