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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 9, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HISTORY AND MQINC5 THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL U Associated Press United Press FuU Leased Wire One Mans Opinion A Kadjo Commentary bj W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO MBSOQ City Sunday p m K8CJ Steal City Sunday y m Vol Amn Wednesday a m WSUI Cllr WednMjy M 9 m WTAD Jnincj 111 Friday p m France Is Another of Europes Enigmas WHEN 1 AM giving a report on my observations in the Eu ropean war theater and open up the meeting to questions some body invariably tosses this one at me What abbut France The subject is one with such a multi plicity of curves and angles that 1 am always left doubting wheth er my answer to that question stated in a brief minute or 2 is anything like satisfactory More ban that Im never quite sure that what I think about pres ent and future France is even sub stantially correct For one thing some of the things I concluded from my observations during my 2 weeks in that liberated country last fall just a week after Fatten and his army chased the last Ger mans out ol Paris have exploded in my face I For example I was quite cerj tain that De Gaulle would never be accepted by the French people as a political leader A number of Frenchmen in and out of uni form gave me this assurance Furthermore they set down their reasons in 1 2 and 3 order why the lanky general wouldnt be if he attempted to make himself the head of even an in terim government Well you know how wrong I was about that De Gaulle has been accepted as Frances chief spokesman and at least for the time being no strong rival has made his appearance Today only De Gaulle speaks for France on the French homefront as well as iii the councils of international diplomacy mention this merely to pro vide you with a measuring stick for discounting some the other opinions I shall be expressing when come lo making predic tions about the future of France later in this commentary TfftplilKTHE TIME I left the JP battlewrecked towns and hamlets of the Cherbourg St Lb Montebourg St Mere Eglise Avranches and all the rest I arrived at Hotel Scribe in Paris I was im pressed by one thing more than by all others as my command and reconnaissance car rolled over the shellpocked and bombcra tered blacktop French highways That one thine was the contrast between wars blemishes in France and in England Even in the ex act route of rations march from Avrancltes to Paris the battle damage was as nothing compared with what T had seen in Dover and in Bristol And in Paris itself the contrast even more amazing My com parison 06 course was with Lon don In Paris except for the in dustrial suburbs you have to look for war damage Bridges build ings and parks are intact Paris is still beautiful mos beautiful city in the world think In London you dont have to for wars damage It intrude itself upon you no matter where you are If there is in all of Lon don one builain without at leas some slight mark from the war confess I never found it And looked lor such a building too IN NEITHER London nor Tavi did I ever see a fat person hasten however to add that in neither place did I observe many more obviously undernourished or malno unshed persons than would see In an American city The story seems to be that in France as in Britain the civilian has been held to a rather skimpy diet but not an impossible diet In this of course Im referring to French civilians who didn openly oppose the nazis their 3 years of occupation Those who did oppose the invad cr will be found in one of 2 place concentration camp or th cemetery By superficial analysis H wonlt be rather easy to conclude tha maybe the nazis werent such people after all They didnt dc stray the land which they invade and they didnt kill those whom they heU captive But for a true appraisal ot th matter one must remember tha Hitler had only one idea with re spect to France He planned to make it South Germany From a coldturkey point of view it Wouldnt have been good business lor him to destroy the buildings he planned to claim as his own or killoff the people he planned to enslave What these 314 years of nazi occupation have done to the soul and spirit of the French people I do not pretend to know Thats something that Just Isnt measur able But in things physical and tangible it is quite obvious that they came through the ordeal Continued on Faze 2 KS United Press FuU Leased wires Five Cents C0p MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY APRIL 9 1915 NO 156 NAZI LOSSES REACH 500000 Yonks Wedge Into Major Jap Defense Line Before Okinawa Capital of Naha Law Experts Meet To Plan New World Court Washington of State Edward R Stettinius Jr Monday called for settlement ol International differences by peaceful TirithnrTc nn a Viiicic rif RUSSIAN SLAVES RESCUED IN British troops treat former Russian slave laborers after rescuing them from a burning store basement in Osna brueck Germany After their liberation the Russians en tered a bombed store basement to recover clothing They were observed by a German policeman who set fire to the place Two of them died AP wirephoto Guam army troops have wedged into the enemys first major defense line before Naha capital of Okinawa in fighting approaching the fury of the bloody Two Jima campaign front reports said Monday Casualties on both sides were mounting but the Americans were killing 3 to 18 Japanese for i American killed United Pi ess War Correspondent Mac R Johnson reported from the inva sion flagship A bloody bitter fish is raging i on this southern front with man j against man and artillery against i artillery Johnson said I Soldiers of the 24th corps penej tratetl the first Japanese defense line in slugging advances of 200 vision troops to 400 yirds Sunday after capturI with airborne forces along Taya ing Uchilomari M miles north of bas bay Monday ifter a 17mile Naha and Kaniku miles j adsance which cut all Japanese BERLIN ADMITSlV s Resumes REDS IN NORTH PART OF VIENNA Argentina Relations MNIDER DRIVES FOR JUNCTURE To Join Airborne Troops for Jap Encirclement iUanila cavalry di neiued a junction Washington United States resumed normal diploj malic relations with Argentina at noon eastern war time Monday j The action ivjs announced by Secretary of State Stettinius who said it was taken in conjunction with the 19 other American rc publics represented at the recent interAmerican conference at Mex Loudon admitted ico City Monday that Russian siege forces Liberation of Austrian Capital Appears Near 3 Rail Stations Fall had smashed more than half way through Vienna into the north part of the city the fall of which appeared near methods on a basis of He made the plea in an address formally opening a meeting of in ernational law experts They are here to draft plans for a new world court to present at the San Cisco conference which opens April 25 Experts from 30 united nations arehere to help in the prepara tion of the new court plans Stet tinius address of welcome was answered by Sir Michael Myers of New Zealand and Dr Wang ChungBui of China Dr Wang is a former judge of the permanent court of international justice Myers warned that the nations of the worlB are at the parting of the the results of this conference and the one in San Francisco will determine whether the world is to go forward in peace and security or go back to barbarism He acknowledged existing dif BOMBERS SMASH NAZI AIRFIELDS RAF Hits Sub Shelter Hamburg Storage Depots London if More than 1250 American heavy bombers and 750 fighters smashed 10 German air fields an underground oil storage depot and a powder plant all within a 60mile radius ot Mu ferences among nations but added that There mast be a certain amount of readiness to eive and take Dr Uang said that the old courts statute will serve as an in dispensable document Whatever organizationmay be created for the maintenance of world peace and security he said there must be established the rule of law among nations and there must be cultivated among them the spirit of respect for law Stettinius said H was impos sible to envisage establishment of a new world organization with out one of its components an international judicial body The warweary world is com mitted to your hands he said presence here attests the resolve of your governments to strengthen that human protection which finds expression in the ad ministration of justice The peaceloving peoples of the world look to you to give voice to their high resolve that differ ences between nations noless than those between individuals should be settled by peaceful methods on the basis of justice Also in Washington the United States delegation Jo San Fran cisco was scheduled to begin a series of daily conferences which will continue until the delegates depart for the west coast In London the delegates of the United Kingdom Canada Aus tralia New Zealand South Africa and India continued their prc conference meetings Like the U S delegates they are trying to reach in advance informal deci sions on some of the issues hat will arise In Moscow diplomats of the big 3 are trying to find a way to solve the Polish problem be fore April 25 If Poland is to be represented in San Francisco a new Polish government of unity must be formed The world court conference here will be on the technical level The representatives will make no final decisions but pre sent their work to the full confer ence in San Francisco for revision or acceptance That conference will decide whether to use the old world court statute with mi nor revisions or to draft an en tirely new one nich Monday RAF escorted by Spitfires and iJIustanse unloaded 11ton and 6fon bombs on U boat shelters at Hamburg and at tacked oil storage depots at the North sea port An armada ol more than BOO RAF heavy bombers also blasted the BlohmVoss submarine yards at Lutzekendorf near Leipzig Hamburg and the synthetic oil plant Sunday night while fleet raosqui tos rocked Berlinwith another dose of 2ton blockbusters The raids followed up sweeping assaults on Germany Sunday hy more than 1950 planes of the V S 8th air force which bombed 11 targets between Berlin and Nuern berg withoutbeing challenged by the The RAF attack on the Btohm Voss yard Sunday night was the 5th heavy bomber niitl on that northeast Saturday The advances coupled with an almost unopposed marine push in central Okinawa brought one third or more of the island under American control as the invasion entered its 2nd As on wo the Japanese de fenders ot Naha wore fighting from caves interlocking pillboxes and other strong points on heights from which they could sweep Die advancing Americans with murderous crossfire Freciucnt handtohand combats were developing as the Americans bit deeper into defenses manned by upwards of 60000 Japanese One knoll alone was found to have as many as 15 entrances to its underground tunnels and cav erns where larffe quantities of supplies and ammunition were found At night the Japanese were at tempting their favorite tactics of infiltration Some American troops were killing Japanese within 2 or 3 feet of their foxholes in the night blackness Japanese batteries opened fire on American guns emplaccd on Keise island some S miles west of Naha and a violent artillery duel Followed American battleships finally intervened with broad sides that silenced the enemy runs Despite the fury of the fighting Col Brainard Prescott of East Aurora N Y a 10th army staff officer said casualties on Okinawa were much less than originally estimated A Japanese communique obvi ously exaggerated to bolster home morale claimed that 3600 Ameri cans had been killed or wounded 102 American tanks knocked out 33 guns destroyed and IB barges sunk in the first week of the in vasion Japanese losses were listed merely as 400 dead Marines of the third amphibious corps drove another 3000 to 4000 yards north along the Motobu peninsula in central Okinawa against almost nonexistent resist ance The advance rapidly was cut ting off the peninsula and threat ening to engulf 17 villages Its pace indicated the marines soon would have all northern Okinawa in their escape routes from southern Lu zon Front reports said tlic cavalry men were meeting little resistance in the rapid advance which car ried from Cavinti 011 the south east coast of Laguna bay to with in 5 miles of the llth airborne troops holding Lucena capital of Tayabas province A juncture of the 2 forces would complete the encirclement of virtually all Ihe battered Jap anese garri peninsula The compressing 14th corps the peninsula and the 158th regi mental combat team under the command of Brie Gen Hauford It follows a declaration of war by Argentina against axis coun tries and her adherence to the resolutions adopted by the Mexico v I Ciiy conference March 27 and r n landmarks other steps called for by the con wcrc falling by dozens to red I ference army forces fighting through the Austrian caiital Nazi broadcasts US to dscuss acknowledging the loss of vari Argentina would be in ous key points said the battle I yIted or ould ask for united na tions membership whether that subject had been discussed with which lias been of this Argentine soviet highly Russia critical which had been raging in the southern and western parts of the city now has been extended lo the northern The German high command reported onlv that organization in the parts of engaged in heavy fighting The action Monday by the Unit Marshal Feocior I Tolbukhins ed aPPearedu mark a third Ukrainian army forces were I harp chanSe from the policies fol ALLIES SEVER LAST RAILWAY FROM HOLLAND Armies Fight Within Sight of Hannover Flaming City of Bremen Iiiris allies having exacted 500000 casualties from the Germans in 10 days cut the last railway from western Hol land Monday rapping the bulk of 80000 more Germans believed still in the Netherlands The American 91fi and British 2nd armies foiiffht within sight of the shelled and burning north German cities of Hannover and Bremen They were within 50 miles of the Elbe river at Ham burg and 70 of the stream at Nagdeburg The Ftbc is the last government or whether eventually i water barrier on the flat country Argentina would participate in leading to Berlin and flows with the San Francisco conference on 50 miles of the capital Hannover and Bremen belli cathedral Sunday Viennas 3 largest railway sta tions were in soviet hands Only MacNider of Mason City at the 2 shellswept secondary railways south was taking a heavy toll of remained over which the nazi the enemys dwindling forces Gen Douglas MacArthurs com munique disclosed that 6495 JapI ancse were killed and 179 cap tured during the past week bring ing the enemys total casualties in the Philippines campaign to 314854 Headquarters revealed that the 158th troops seized the town of Bacon Philippines entry point of the TransPacific cableafter a 22mile amphibious hop from Ie aspi which was captured Easter Sunday Other 153th units continued to push northwestward from Legns pi on Albay gulf although the drive was somewhat slowed by strong Japanese machine gun and mortar fire Front reports said most of the Japanese in the Le gaspi area were navy personnel assigned to delaying action escape or receive and in subsequent statements as sailed the administration as pro fascist Officials here described the action as an evolution of the policy that this country has been were 5 miles from allied infantry and tanks An entry into both was imminent although Ihe Germans were fighting hard for Bremen one of their greatest ports and shipbuilding centers Great and small cities and lowns all over northern Germany burned mysteriously even though allied bombers stayed away from most Flames were reported specifically in Hamburg Hannover Brunswick hands enabling them to turn back south to reinforce the drive on Jfaha a city of 65000 Marine fighters already were using the 2 captured airfields in j central Okinawa Maj Gen Fran cis P Mulcahy of Rochester N Y and Coronaclo Cal who com manded aircraft in the Solomons objective within a week Tlie campaign was in command of the plant which was described by the air ministry as probably the most important ship building yard in Germany still employs 17000 workers and is one of the main assembly points for the neiv pre fabricated submarines The German air force suffered its worst defeats of the year dur ing the weekend as 192 of its carefully rationed planes were de stroyed within a space of 21 hours A total of 104 nazi planes were shot out of the sky by 8th air force gunners Saturday Sixty four were credited to fighter pi lots and the knocked down ners remainder bybomber were gun Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy V S 9th air force pilots shot down 32 Sunday and destroyed 38 on the ground while tishtcrs of Ihe 8th air force got 3 more Reach Tentative Understanding in Coal Negotiations Washington Ezra Van Horn of the bituminous coal waffc conference reported Mondasthat tentative under standing was reached on all but one ot the issues between opera tors and John L Lewis The tentative understanding reached after a lengthy session will be reported to the mine workers policy committee summoned by Lewis for an emergency session later Monday Van Horn would not elaborate on his brief announcement to ex plain which one of the issues Kmonff Lewis 18 original demands still was in question SENATE REJECTS 2 APPOINTMENTS Confirms 3 Old Members of Board of Education DCS lUoines senate after sharp debate Monday re jected Gov Robert D Blues ap pointment of Charles F Triplett Des Moines public safety commis sioner to the state board of con trol and Cole Van Gorden of Em metsburg to the state board of so cial welfare It was the first time the senate had refused to approve appoint ments made by Gov Blue Both jobs were for 6year terms aC St 000 a year Triplett was named to succeed R T Pullen of Spencer on the state board of control and Van Gorden would have succeeded King Palmer of West Union Pul lerfs term expires July 1 and j Palmer recently resigned to accept another position Thirtyfour votes are required for confirmation Triplett report edly received votes and Van Gorden 13 No formal announce ment is made of the vote in such cases Gov Blue said he would attempt lo send to the senate 2 names to replace the rejected nominees be fore the session ends The governor could make interim appointments i to be confirmed by the next ses 1 sion if he so desired Continued I Seven appointments were before i warm Monday night Cooler late the senate They were amone the j Tuesday last the governor must make be t fore the legislature adjourns proh lowa Partly cloudy and warm ably this week Monday night and Tuesday ScatThe only other new appointment i tercd showers in northwest porln the group was approved That I lion Monday night and over enwas George E Gill Siblcy repub tnc slate Tuesday Fresh to lican to succeed Fred Nelson o airison could supplies The free Austria radio said in habitants of Vienna were rising against the Germans Angry crowds demonstrated in the streets of the occupied portion of the capital and hand grenades were thrown at German troops the broadcast said Radio Moscow reported that ss Gen SeppvDietrich ruthless nazi commander in Vienna had been assassinated by patriots who pumped 5 revolver shots into him at virtually pointblank range while he was enroute to give a pep talk to his troops Dietrich one of Hitlers favorite commanders had been in com mand of the 6th panzer army in the Ardennes breakthrough last December before being shifted to Vienna Moscow also broadcast an of ficial declaration asserting that red army troops had entered Aus tria as liberators with no territor ial ambitions or claims Russia will cooperate in restoring Austrias preanschltiss independence Ihe declaration said Tolbukhin issued a proclamation promising thai Viennas liberation wns near and calling upon the populace to prevent the Germans from mining the city blowing up bridges or looting He said the nazi party in Aus tria u on Id be disbanded but added that its members would not be mo lested if they cooperated with the red army One of Tolbukhins columns captured the ancient Vienna ar senal and the eastern and southern railway stations then pushed on into the botanical garden only mile south or St Stephens ca thedral Sunday following in recent years but lid and Lucbeck Of these Luebeck not explain exactly how Ihat and Brunswick had not been worked out under the leadership raided recently of Secretary Stettinius and what Tanks bypassed both Bremen reasons wore paramount at this and Hannover hopelessly out time flanking both Similar action was announced Ninth army troops stormed into by Great Britain France Canada j the streets of the great Ruhr in the Netherlands and Latin Amer jjcan countries including Uruguay Brazil Colombia and Peru The reestablishment of dip lomatic relations was made by Edward L Reed charge deaf faires of the embassy in Buenos Aires He called on Acting For eign Minister Cesar Ameghino at 1 p m Buenos Aires time and left a note acknowledging receipt of an Argentine note of March 14 1944 which had informed Secre tary of State Hull that Argentine president Gen Pedro Ramirez had resigned and that General Farrell had assumed the presi dency dustrial cities of Essen home of the Krupp works Dorl mund 537000 and Belsenkirch en At least 38600 prisoners Were captured Sunday 37500 by Gen Omar Bradleys 4 American armies in the cejiicr Bradleys headquarters estimated German casualties at 50000 a day for the pasl 10 days To the south the 7th army capture of Crailsheim placed the Americans within 94 miles of Munich and 170 of Hitlers moun tain faslness at Berchtesgaden Canadians pushed eight miles northeast of Zwolte and made Failure to acknowledge that note wifh allied airborne troops had been the mechanism by ivbich the Farrell rovcrnment hadnot been rcconnized for almost 13 months During that interim the to wrest control of the north Hol land communications The junc tion was established close fo the rail junction of Jlenpcl ten miles nonrecognition policy had been rrom the Zuider Zee There the srcnerally supported by western last rail lillc snapped and the hemisphere countries the support lst rai1 Iriitee 3s btnwn The varying from lime lo time as po litical conditions in Latin America chanced and four countries had never publicly and formally broken relations althnuEh at vari ous times their ambassadors were absent from Buenos Aires The United States intends to send its own ambassadorthere as soon as possible officials said with with the first move likely to be nomination n man for that pos ition by President Roosevelt j Buy your Stamps from carrier boy War your B o n l s and GlohcGascltc Germans exploded dikes flooding 400 sctuare miles At supreme headciuarlers offi cers said up to 80000 Germans ot army group H were led in Hol land Many are combat troops but most are garrison and supplemen tal personnel Indeed the Germans facing the Canadian 1st army on a 150 mile front from the Dutch city of Arn hem to the Ems river were split into two distinct pockets One pocket was west of the 1s scl river iiicltidirijr Amsterdam Rotterdam Utrecht and he Haguc The other screened the German bases Thirteen enemy planes were shot down by American aircraft and antlaircralt guns Saturday and Sunday in the Okinawa area By Saturday nighl a communi que said 30000 Okinawa civilians were being cared for by the Amer ican military government on the island Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy Monday night and Tuesday occasional scattered showers strong winds cool norlli and and west Mostly cloudy and mild southeast portions Monday night Tuesday rain south and east portion and rain or snow northwest portion Cooler and fresh to strong winds IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Saturday Minimum Saturday 38 Maximum Sunday 69 Minimum Sunday 50 At 8 a m Monday 53 YEAR AGO Maximum 69 Minimum 38 J Nevada on the state tax sion That is a 6ycar term with salary The rcappointnicnts approved were State Comptroller C Fred Porter DCS Moines republican and three members of the board of ed ucation Henry C Schull Sioux City republican Mrs H C Hous ton Jr Red Oak republican and Roy Louden Fairficld democrat The nomination of Charles YV Harness Otturmva republican for another 2year term as slate labor commissioner at 33000 a year has been submitted to the senate but was not up lor a vote Monday j Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette J carrier boy ALLIES NEAR ZUIDER ZEE BREMEN HANNOVER locate allied drives on 2 fronts against German defenders In Holland Canadians drove toward the Zuider Zee and toward contact with airborne troops A landed in the northeast Oth er drives were within sight of Bremen and Hannover Farther south Goettingen was tak en troops neared Schweinfurt and a 2pronged drive moved against Nuernberg Russians were fighting in Vienna ;