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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 9, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF i T a Y A n L A COMP THE NEWSPAfER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PBESS ANB MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY APRIL 9 PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE 7iCi LNVJ t SECTION ONE NO 156 AXIS ABANDONS TOWN NEAR SFAX Specific Ceilings on All Foods Likely F R CONGRESS MUST PROVIDE TAXES SAVINGS Byrnes Says New Plans on Executive Order May Be Told Saturday WASHINGTON President Roosevelt said Friday that dollars andccnts ceiling prices probably would be placed on all food com modities which affect living costs while JamesF Byrnes economic stabilization director said the of fice of price administration might be able to present specific ceiling price plans Saturday following those now laid down for meats Byrnes was sitting in on a presidential press conference which dealt largely with the chief executives new order de signed to help combat inflation through more rigid restrictions on prices and wases The president said the whole problem resembles a fourlegged stool Food prices are one leg wages another rationing a third and taxation and savings arc the fourth he said An effort is being made he said to prevent ups and downs and to get on a more even level using all four legs to prevent the stool irom falling over His executive order was a step in that direction he said but con gress still has to provide the fourth leg taxes and savings Asked whether is still the administrations goal on new revenue as mentioned in his budget message to congress Mr Roosevelt said it is the administra tions hope He was asked also how mate rially lie has increased the powers given Byrnes and Mr Roosevelt turned that question over to Byrnes The stabilization director re plied that he knew of no mate rial increaseexcept that he has received greater authority to de termine questions that will arise in the OFA and the war labor board as to border and hardship cases Such cases under the new order he said will be submitted to him for consideration in stead of to the president person ally In connection with rationing he suggested it should be applied with what might be called a lee way since prices might have to be changed from time to time de pending on scarcity or plenty He indicated too that the question of determining specific food prices might be handled regionally local ly or by areas so as to avoid a situation such as developed re cently in Washington One week he said there were screaming headlines here that Ihere was so much meat it was spoiling Mr Roosevelt said he thought everyone should avoid over Playing either scarcity or plenty because that is not good for pub He morale We will have trouble he said if the public stops buy all at one time or tries all to buy at the same time After declaring that probably dollars and cents price ceilings would be placed on foods the president was asked whether that would extend to things in depart ment stores His reply was that the things de partment stores handle arc not all edibles Questioning as to whether the control would extend to clothing he remarked there is no present need of clothing and then amid a burst of laughter amended his statement to say there was no need of putting a ceiling on clothing under the plan the OPA is working on Byrnes related it will oe possible for the purchaser to see the ceiling price in the store on the article he wants to buy and the prices will appear in advertising The housewives he said will have to do the police work The press conference discussion about ceilings on clothing prices overlooked the fact that clothing is one of the products designated by OPA as cost of living items and placed under price control usually on some formula basis such as the highest charge in March 1942 rather than a dollars andcents basis OPA in the past had avoided general definitions km has spe U S to Turn Back Prices on Hogs to About Following Order by F R Support Prices to cifically designated hundreds of items as being examples ot cost ot living items On Capitol hill senate Demo cratic Leader Barkley said Mr Roosevelt had taken the logical course and Senator Byrd DVa commented that this should have been done long ago Meanwhile official Washington mobilized a small army of its rule drafters in an effort to speed com pliance with the order from Presi dent Roosevelt to hold farm prices and wages at almost rigid levels W First action came from the war labor board which tele graphed its regional offices and related agencies to stop all wage increases except those that clearly come within the 15 per cent limitation of the little steel formula At the office of price adminis tration officials indicated that early orders could be expected freezing the market prices of livestock and other basic agricul tural commodities The war manpower commission js under orders io prohibit work ers from shifting jobs in search of higher pay and utility com missions were warned to hold or cut rates in line with the gov ernments policy of keeping down the cost of living Congress which has been un able in recent weeks to agree on a method of putting income taxes on a payasyougo basis laces a presidential request for more taxes and more savings Explaining his action in a press statement Mr Roosevelt indicated he thought it dangerous to the na tions about economy to particular keep arguing concessions for farmers or laborers and declared he was moved to act by the sen ates failure this week to kill the Bankhead farm price bill The bill which Mr Roosevelt had vetoed as inflationary was placed in legislative cold storage when the farm bloc was unable to mus ter sufficient votes to override the veto I am advised that weeks or months from this date the bill may be reported Tor considera tion Mr Roosevelt said I cannot wait to see whelher the agriculture committee at some future date will again re port the bill to the senate 1 cannot permit a continuance of the upward spiral of prices At the outset he declared To hold the line we cannot tolerate further increases in prices affecting the cost of living or further increases in general wage or salary rates except where clearly necessary to correct sub standard living conditions The only way to hold the line is to stop trying to find justifications tor notholding it here or not hold ing it there No one straw may break a camels back but there is always a last straw We cannol afford to take further chances in relaxing the line We already have taken too many Politically the action was in terpreted as an effort to spike whipsawing demands of labor based on rising farm prices and of farmers based on rising wages It also was regarded as the White House answer to John L Lewis demands for a a day increase in mine wages In directing Price Adminis trator Prentiss M Brown and Food Administrator Chester C Davis to pat ceilings over farm prices the president specified that 1 in some cases in which Prices already are above the levels of Sept 15 that the prices be rolled back In this connection it was un derstood that OPA would like to depress hog prices from their cur rent levels in the vicinity of S16 per hundredweight down to about SI480 Some farm commodities which are still below parity levels may be spared temporarily from maximums The presidents action on farm prices Was interpreted by govern ment economists as preventative The processed products sold to from livestock bread from wheat al ready controlled fairly thorouqhly But by holding the price of the basic commodities the president was represented as trying to fore stall any future pressures against retail prices of the final products Give Hog Producers Additional Payments WASHINGTON The gov ernment intends shortly it was learned authoritatively Friday to roll back the market price of live hogs from current levels of near ly a hundred pounds to about and at the same time pro vide support prices to give hog producers additional payments Officials who asked that their names be withheld indicated that OPA Chief Prentiss M Brown and Food Administrator Chester C Davis had agreed on such a program and would issue a public statement later in the day It was understood however the state ment merely would announce that the action would be taken soon and the actual order vas not expected Friday The action which actually has been pending several iveeks was described as the first major result of President Koosevelts order Thursday to hold the line on ait farm prices and wages Purpose of the hog ceiling it was explained was to assure packers of pork prices consistent with the wholesale and retail meat orders of OPA Some pack ers had complained that it was becoming impossible to buy hogs at uncontrolled prices kill and process the carcasses and sell the meat at the prices OPA pre scribed They contended that the price control act passed con gress last fall required OPA to assure reasonable operating mar gins for packers In opposition livestock produc ers have protested that any ceil ings on live animals would cur production and apparently support prices which offi taU the cials said Davis was prepared to announce were designed to satisfy the producers What subsequent action on farm prices might be taken under the presidents order re mained problematical but au thoritative sources named cotton and apples as likely subjects of control along with hogs The same sources cautioned against any assumption that a ho ceiling necessarily would be fol lowed at least immediately with similar action on cattle Early Friday the only official statement on the presidents order was a brief comment from Brown that he thought it implements the price control act of congress and OPA policy Brown said he could not at the moment comment on what spe cific action might be taken Another source said Brown had invited the president to issue the order in order to give his agency a clear mandate of its duties on such controversial subjects as hoc ceilings This source added that Brown felt that with congressional pas sage of the Oct 2 price control act OPA ought to accept the price standards of that legislation as a permanent policy and devote it self to putting those standards into effect rather than arguing about specific policies in connection with farm prices Brown a senator from Michigan at the time of that legislation subsequently replaced Leon Hen derson as OPA chief The October act specified that farm prices should be stabilized at cither parity or the highest price between Jan i and Sept la 1942 whichever was higher Except for farm prices officials said the civilian items presently outside of price control are negli gible Fresh fish and poultry are examples With regard to wages the presi dent said the regulatory agencies are directed to authorize no fur ther increase in wages or salaries except such as are clearly neces sary to correct substandards of living provided that nothina herein shall be construed to pre vent such agencies from making such wage or salary ments as may be deemed appro priate and may not have hereto fore been made to compensate in accordance with the little steel formula for the rise in the cost of living between Jan 1 1042 and May 1 1942 15 per HEAVY RAID IS MADE ON RUHR 21 PLANES LOST Full Results Not Observed Because of Bad Weather Conditions LONDON WPj The RAF re suming the allied aerial offensive against western Europe after a lapse of three night attacked tar gets in the industrial Ruhr valley Thursday night in a raid from which 21 bombers failed to return the air ministry announced Fri day The attack in which some of Britains biggest bombers partici pated was described officially as heavy but the weather over Germany was bad and it was dif ficult to observe full results a communique said Specific tar gets in the Ruhr were not dis closed Objectives in previous raids on this oftbombed area have included the great manufac turing centers of Essen and Duis burg The Buhr was last bombed the nisht of April 3 when a great fleet of fourengined Brit ish warplanes unloaded a 300 ton cargo of explosives on Es sen home of the giant Krupri armament works which was raided twice in March Twenty one bombers also were lost in that assault The antiaircraft defenses of the Ruhr are regarded here as the strongest in nazidominated Eu rope According to the best infor mation available in RAF quarters in London more than 1000 heavy guns are concentrated in that area including 300 at Essen alone For every heavy gun there arc re ported to be at least two light ones More than 500 searchlights also are reported there In addition to stabbing at the Ruhr Thursday night the RAF laid mines in enemy waters the air ministry said The Berlin radio said merely that British bombers had at tacked western Germany and reported a considerable num ber of the raiders had been shot down The night raid followed a scries of RAF fighter forays over northern France Thursday during which a wireless station near Ushant was reported shot up Fighterbombers escorted by ty phoon and spitfire fighters also bombed an enemy airfield at Triqueville near Lehavre Thurs day evening Two RAF planes were reported missing in these sweeps A solitary enemy plane that took advantage of a high cloud to cross the coast and head for Lon don caused air raid warnings to sound in the capital before noon Friday but the all clear was de clared shortly afterward without any report of bombs dropped Kennels Sign Sale on Second Hand Dogs SALT LAKE CITY in a Salt Lake City kennels Sale Second Hand Dozs KILLED IN CRASH HAMfLTON FIELD Cal Second Lt James A H Jngo 19 Minneapolis was killed when his fighter plane crashed and burned near Dublin Cal Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Not much change in temperature Friday after noon Friday night and Satur day forenoon all temperatures above freezing IOWA Showers and scattered thunderstorms Friday night and Saturday forenoon little change in temperature MINNESOTA Slightly warmer extreme south portion and little change in temperature remain der of state Friday night and Saturday forenoon Showers southwest and extreme south portion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 72 Minimum Thursday night 43 At 8 a m Friday 50 YEAR AGO Maximum 43 Minimum 27 Hope of Any New School Laws Fades DES MOINES possi bility of enactment of any school legislation at this session of the Iowa general assembly faded Fri day when the house tabled a sen ate bill calling for a a year appropriation for state aid to schools Vote on the motion to table which was offered by Representa tive Wilson Reed RFairficId was 4G to 35 It will take the con sent of twothirds of those voting for the house to consider the measure again With the legislature already operating on borrowed time lead ers it was unlikely that any effort would be made to brin the bill back to life V Keed said the senate had sent over a bill that was certainly botched up School boards over the state will not know what to do with this bill if we do pass it because its constitutionality has been challenged It we go into this bill we will be here for at least another week he added The legislature was supposed to have adjourned Thursday and ex pects to wind up its affairs by Saturday House action in the school bill was ihc final link in the chain of events which began with the filing of a 437 school code revision measure early in the session Thai bill most of which passed the house was the largest single bill ever introduced in the Iowa legislature The sen ate did not consider it The houseFriday a senate hilt the7nse of state funds to pay the funeral expenses of former old age as sistance recipients Sponsors explained that such recipients are taken off assistance rolls when they are tiken to county homes or other institutions There is no provision in the present law for the use of state funds to pay burial costs when such persons die The house also passed a senate bill lo extend homestead tax credits to the wives of service men even in cases where the wife is renting the property to somebody else TURNED DOWN BY ARMY JAILED Waterloo Men Had Been Pardoned by Governor WATERLOO M Secley 25 and Harold J Kecgan 28 were back in jail Friday fol lowing unsuccessful attempts to avoid serving their terms through pardons issued by Gov B B Hick cnloopcr when they were about to enter the army Secley and Kecgan sen tenced lo 0 day jail terms or driving while intoxicated The governor granted them par dons to permit their induction into the army but they were rejected for physical reasons The men contended through their attorney Everett II Scott that they were not required to serve the sentences after their re jection because the pardons were unconditional Miss Mary Watson the gover nors pardon clerk testified at a habeas corpus proceeding in dis trict court Thursday that the par dons as now recorded in the gov ernors records contained the pro vision that the men must enter the armed services District Judge S h a n n o n B Charlton without ruling on the contents of the pardons held Fri day that the manner in which the pardons were delivered to the a sergeant it the Camp Dodge induction not constitute proper delivery His ruling had the effect of sending the men to jail to serve their terms Killed by 300 Pound Fire Escape Anchor DES MOINES A Born 48 Secretary of the Packard Manufacturing company a Des Moines garment firm was in jured fatally Thursday when a 300 pound fire escape anchor weight fell on his head The weight was attached to the first floor extension of the fire escape on the building on Court avenue in which the Packard firm is located OLD MUDDY marooned lav mhouse and Iowa course Considerable lowland water in the region area was under MISSOURI TO RISE HIGHER Council Bluffs Raises Dikes North of City OMAHA floodswol len Missouri river taking a new loll of rich farm lands above Omaha will reach a flood stage of 23 feet or higher here Tuesday the weather bureau said in a re vised estimate Friday Police Friday afternoon began families in the 11th street area from Sewarct to Locust streets the first families to be evacuated in the Omaha area V Meteorologist M V Robins said a crest of near 24 feet may be reached Monday at Blair wlicrc Dikes holding iiack the flood from covcrinir about 2581 acres were abandoned A slase of 215 feet is indicated at Blair Saturday and about 198 at Omaha V V Park Commissioner fjoy TonI in private life a civil engineer engaged in river work said he believes the river will eciual or exceed the 1881 record of 23 E feet In Council Bluffs workers had completed raising the dikes along the west side of the city They turned to strengthening flood de fenses in the south part of town At Omaha where the river stage is 192 feel work progressed on strengthening dikes from Florence lo north of the municipal air Port if Tarticiilar attention was liciuc Riven to the critical area aroiiml the Socouy Vacuum terminal and lothis area he Union Pa cific railroad rushed Ihrce car loads of riprap rock and 10 000 sanduaKs The state guard culled out Thursday by Governor Griswold patrolled the area to stop traffic of any but residents or authorized individuals guardsmen In addition the patrolled dikes to watch for breaks or seepage Toward Mondamin Iowa farm ers and road crews two draglines were attempting to hold a temporary barrier erected after the Beck levee on ihc Weldon bend went out but crews reported some scepngc If ihe levee yocs several thousand acres of bottom farmland will be flooded Land in the California Junc tion vicinity that re mained dry in the flood of 1881 was inundated Near Crescent Iowa Ihc Pigeon creek dike wcnl out Thursday SURGING WATERS ARE CONTINUING TO RISE SIOUX CITY jp Surging waters of the Missouri river con tinued to rise here and in South Sioux City Friday in what prob ably will be the greatest Hood in the 63 year history of the weather bureau Meteorologist R M An derson declared Serious overflow likely will affect parts of South Sioux City added Mr Anderson Buy Har Savings Bonds and from your GlobcGazctic carrier boy CITE SQUEEZE ON PACKERS Brown Davis Agree Situation Untenable Ad ministrator Prentiss M Brown and Food Administrator Chester Davis uKrecd Friday in testimony before the house small committee that the price ceiling squeeze on meal packers has be come serious and untenable Committee members have de manded immediate action lo cor rect the situation and si the black market in meal In response lo questions from Chairman Palman DTexas Brawn acknowcltlycd that to be frank present ceilings on meat products may be in violation of a price control act provision which calls for a fair and equitable margin for processing But while conceding that small packers arc in lough shape the price administrator said there are some casualties as a result of price control that cannot be avoid ed Both Brown and Davis hinted that price ceilings might have to be placed on livestock to alleviate the situation although Davis de clared God knows 1 dont want that beciuse of the administrative headaches involved THOUSANDS ARE MADE PRISONER BY US BRITISH Stukas Violently Lash Nazi Tanks as German Airmen Make Mistake By DANIEL DE LUCE ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA Axis forces arc abandoning Mallards only 22 miles south of the vital harbor of Sfax and the railway town of Mezzoima in a continuing withdrawal under allied blows on hroai front between the cen tral Tunisian niouiiliiins and the sea it was disclosed Friday Armored vanguards of the Brit ish eighth army pursued Field Marshal Erwin Hammers beaten men uho were fleeing north from MahalOS and northeast from Mcz zouna 32 miles from Sfax under the hammering c the western desert air force A cominuniiiue announced that the eighth army had taken aSOO prisoners since the initial attack on Koinmcls Wadi El Akaril positions Tuesday morn ins and military quarters saiil more were captured by the U S second army corps iii the mopup of the El Cuctar settor In three days ihc allies have raplmcd nearly 12000 axis iroopK The achievements ot Ihc Ameri ca n corps headed by Lieut Gen George S Pntton in engaging the bulk of the axis armor earlier this week on the msjhth armys left flunk were highly praised at a press conference by Gen Sir Har old L Alexander allied deputy L mmandcr in chief A transoceaii dispatch broad cast by the Berlin radio and re corded by the Associated Press said the great superiority of the enemy in mei and material is showing its effect Elaborating business upon a nazi high command com munique which said axis troops had frustrated allied encirclement attempts in bitter fighting the dispatch reported that the de taching movement toward the stamp out I north to nil appearances is being 1 continued A British radio broadcast re corded by CBS said American forces thrusting along the road from Maknassy to the coast by way of Mczzounu are now re ported lo be little more than 20 miles irom General Sir Bernard Montgomerys Military quarters announced tliut allied observers saw axis troops heading uut or Maharcs Thursday Both Maharcs and Mczzomia are nay stations on the GaCsaSfax railway Ia Iwrcs lies 50 miles northeast of Gabcs While V American and British aerial squadrons maintained as saults upon retiring axis columns ALLIES British first army has plunjred forward in the Medjex cl Bab area of north Tunisia as U b forces united with the IJritish eighth armv in the fiitlfll I J 1 T v south set out to push the enemy into the sea Planes bombed and strafed Ilonimers bases to the west and south escape corridor from ;