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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 9, 1941, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME H A HL I H E f H i ST A AR T oepr or ififlA COUP WOJNES i A VOL XLVI1 ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS bUU LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY APRIL 9 1941 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 154 SALONIKA FALLS TO BLITZKRIEG NAZIS CRACK SOUTH SERB LINES Too Am Arrminm TacnaArica Settlement in Memorial EDITORS is another of a series ol articles written by Earl Hall Mason City GlobeGazette managing editor in the course of a our through South America as one ol a party of 12 guests of the Carnegie Endowment for Inter national Peace Number 26 By W EARL HALL ARICA second Christ of the Andes memorial is being erected near here As the fam ous statue high in the mountains Between Chile and Argentina has sealed the friendship between ih esc once warlike neigh bors the me morial being erected some 12 miles north of here on the Tacna A ii e a border is de signed to pledge Chile and Peru to perpetual peace Docs this mention TacnaArica recall anything to you Does it W EATCLIIALL bring back to your mind the head lines of a dozen years ago when Uncle Sam was attempting to play referee and arbiter in the half century old fight between Peru snd Chile with little Bolivia cast ing its lot on the side of Peru It all came back to me his j morning as f stood on flic topmost point of Morro headland a Gi braltarlikc eminence high above the little city of from which I could look out upon three countries Chile close at hand the Tacna area of Peru to the north up the seacoast and Bolivias BRITAIN WARNS NAZIS HEADING TOWARDRUSSIA Churchill Appeals for Irish CoOperation Discloses More U S Aid LONDON minister Churchill told Britain Wednesday the grave extent of Germanys smashing advance through Greece Wednesday and warned soviet Russia the nazi drive was heading her way In a war report to the house of commons Churchill announced the nazi troops had entered Sal onika at 1 p m tf u Up lo the present lhc British and imperial troons have not been encased in the fighting in Greece he said lie refused to give any indi cation of what would be done these troops in the wide spread The prime minister declared there were increasing signs that Germany would pounce on the wheatlands of Russias Ukraine He also announced the British capture of the Red aea port of Massaua Eritrea and the virtual completion of the conquest of Italian East Africa At the same lime he disclosed that ten coast guard cutters have been turned over to Britain for the battle of the At lantic and would soon be operat ing against German submarines Salonika Falls Into Nazi Hands GREEK PORT OF SALONIKA BRITISH GIVEN 10 US CUTTERS Coastguard Vessels Turned Over to England for AntiSub Work snowcapped land mountains far in Helping me to reconstruct my picture of this once much ban nerlined news story this was be fore a war in Europe stole the spotlight from such relatively un important events was Prof Gra ham H Stuart head of the po litical science department at Stan ford university included in our party because of his unsurpassed knowledge of Latin American re lations The story is one of vast and He appealed anew for use of Irish ports and airfields to guard Britains northwestern approaches and told France she would be strictly blockaded anil that British suns would resist any attempt on the part of the Vichy government In transfer the French navy from Africa to metropolitan France nit ere Hit ler could gel it that heavy planes sub lie admitted to German r marines and cruisers would crip ple British merchant marine dis astrously without the gigantic United States building program which would give Britain sev eral million tons of shipping next year Healso reported that Ihe Brit ish air force had grown to such an extent that some of the raids on Germany had exceeded in severity anything the Germans had done in any single raid on England A dramatic moment came when near the end of his speech tllH I Jiii i complex ramifications and in this e Ulmed to the right and looked short letter I can only touch on p u tilu diplomatic gallery the high spots i here Ivan AInisky soviet ain In the postcolonial days Peru i was leaning over the then much stronger relatively aiu declared than she is today included within her boundaries the present area of Tacna and Arica And to the Report Greek Eastern Wing Surrendered BEHN Switzerland official German hews agency quoted German army headquart ers Wednesday as announcing the LONDON P The United Stales is turning over to Britain 10 coastguard cutters to be used i The agencv added tliat in antisubmarine informed Greeks had asked for terms British sources said Wednesday eastern wing of the ilad surrendered the TRANSFER OF CUTTEKS RECEIVES CONFIRMATION WASHINGTON High of ficials here Wednesday confirmed London reports thai 10 U S coast guard cutters have been made available lo the British They declined to give details of the deal presumably under the terms of the Icndlease act and indicated that announcement would be made by the white house These officials hinted that the bulk of the vessels involved were older craft Nevertheless they added the ships were suitable for convoy duty against submarines Sweetcorn Seed Given Senators by Wallaces WASHINGTON President and Mrs Wallace have given an Easter present to every box of sweet corn ecd for planting on April 15 T h c Columbia Broadcasting System in New York apparently received the same broadcast transcribed tliv following from the Berlin short wave trans mitter troop foniuitiims and pnnxcr units Wednesday at 11 oclock took Nis In an advance from Styria iUaribor has been taken and a bridgehead formed at the south bank of the Drava river Strong German panzer units have made a thrust from Jugo slavia to the south and have taken Salonika After tliis breakthrough to the Aegean sea the Greek troops in Thrace are trapped between Vardar and the Turkish frontier The Greek army fighting east ward of the Vardar valley has of fered capitulation in recognition of their hopeless situation and surrendered their arms REDISTRICTBILL GOES TO WILSON DES MO1NES Iowa senate Thursday agreed lo a house amendment to the states congres sional redistricting bill and sent the measure to Gov George A Wilson for his signature The vote was 7 to 7 with most 1 ot the opposition coming from the first and fourth districts Repre sentatives from those areas have fought the plan ever since it firs was introduced in the legislature The house amendment switched Winnebago county from tlie new third to the new sixth district The bill places two sitting con gressmen S lacobsen D Clinton and II O Tallc U Decorah in the second district Northeast Iowa opposition was based on lhc fact that the re districting plan dismembers ihe fourth district and divides most of its counties between the new second and new third districts CLAIMED TO BE BUT 30 MILES FROM ALBANIA Nazi High Command Says Many Important Cities Are Captured BERLIN tlPi The German high command reported Wednes day that a threeday blitzkrieg had swept nazi forces into control of Salonika all nl Macedonian Greece and the bull ol southern Jugoslavia splitting the lugoslavs from their GrecoBritish allies In hours of whiiKviiKl action the German high command re vcalcd the otiliiurn Jugoslav cities of Skoplje Veles Irilep Tetovo ami Mis have fallen j This places German armorer columns within 25 to 30 miles of juncture wilh their Italian allies in Albania and smashes ilic Varilar vallcj route if com munications between Greece and Jugoslavia The northern campaign against Jugoslavia apparently has pro gressed more slowly and the ciirn mnniiLic reported only Hie cap ture of tiic frontier city of Mari bor due south of the Austrian border The iucoevses placed Ger many in command the Vardar valley and within Belgrade from the miles of south At Nis ouse Chances of H Consideration of Markup Bill Fade they were only fll miles from one of the Jugoslav governments tem porary capitals at Cacak The high command reported that ihc entire Greek force in eastern Macedonia had capitulated when they were cut oft from the main Greek forces by the break through to Salonika London reported that German troops entered Salonika at 4 a m Wednesday morning Both Lon don iml Athens said Hint there had been no contact yet between the Germans and the British ex peditionary force Farther cast the Germans had reached tlic Aegean after taking Xanthe and thus were in the pro cess of mopping up their control from Salonika to the Turkish frontier in Thrace At Tetovo Jugoslavia due west of Skoplje the Germans were within 25 or 30 miles of the Al banian frontier in a position to make contact with the Italians in the region of the River Drin Under the personal command of Field Marshal Siegmund List the high command said the German forces had smashed through Jugo slav defenses Tiic part cf the communique Jugoslavia Says Belgrade Ruined Form New Defense Bv THE ASSOCIATED IKESS Adolf Hitlers blitzkrieg armies swept through the Bal kjins like a tornado Wednesday ami some military observers said the end of the jour day old conflict was almost in sight Striking with tempestuous fury the Germans captured I he Aegean seaport of Salonika forced the surrender of the trapped east wing of the Greek army estimated at aOOaiOO men before hostilities began and drove westward across Jugoslavia to within 15 miles of a junction with Italian troops in Albania Ihc toll iii German slain and wounded wis said to be enormous From now on it was evident that the Jugoslavs would nave to fight off from their BritishGreek allies The German line strung across most of southern Serbia The next and perhaps alldecisive phase of the battle was forecast when he Germans attempted to storm the fortified positions of the Greek and British forces south west of Salonika if In Rome the officiallycontrolled newspaper Popolo di Roma declared the next axis objective was the key link in Britains lifeline to the Far means that the axis armies would have to drive through Turkey DNC quoting Gorman army headquarters said the trapped east wing manning the Stiuma river line cut off from communication with the rest of the Aegean kingdom by a lightning nazi asked for terms There are many signs that point to a nazi attempt to se cure the granaries of the Uk raine and lhc oil fields of the Caucasus He pictured this attempt as part of the drive to amass tre mendous resources for war to the death against the English speak ing world Then he dropped his hands from the dispatch box again and half turned facing the United States Ambassador John G Wi nant and two other kcv men in tlie Umled States aid fr Britain Avcrill Harriman and Dr James B in Ihe diplomatic gallery south sparselypopulated Bolivia had a corridor to the sea Chile began to assume a larger place in Hie South Amer ican sun and as she developed a prosperous economy on Ihe silver and nilrale industries she looked with increasingly en vious eye on the territorial holdings of both Bolivia and Peru lo the immediate north because they were rich in ni trate and in a favorable position for waler Iransportalion Finally she did what other strong nations have done She grabbed Bolivias corridor to the sea Peru sensing that her turn would be next jumped into the war as Bolivias ally One of the decisive engagements of that war was fought shortly after our own Civil war on this Morro headland where I stood this morning Hun dreds of Peruvians were literally pitched into the sea from the 300 foot cliff After the Chilean victory there followed decades of bickerings and attempted arbitralion in which United States prompted by ils Monroe Doctrine ideal sought to work out a peaceful settle ment Throughout the adminis trations of Harding and Coolidgc the matter was constantly sim mering but it didnt come to a ul Biven to LIIUC tint boil until 192H when Hoover was was left for Bolivia wasvrnpatny picsmenu It was this plan that was ac i copied and this new Christ of the aflcr lhc j Andes memorial is expected to I be a constant reminder to the two neighbors that they arc sworn to but this was never held Ilans were at last laid for holding il m the nincteentuentics but a U S commission ruled lhat Ihere had been loo much Chilean domination lo make it a fair Icsl JA ii Text it was suggested by the u S state department that the matter be settled by turning Tacna and Arica over lo land locked Bolivia but this found no lavor with Chile At last after both Chile and Peru had been sounded out pri vately President Hoover suggest ed that Tacna the northern part of the disputed territory be given to Peru and Arica the southern part be given to Chile All that icy f r a and Arica aflcr ten years i keep the peace Weather Report FORECAST MASOV CITY Mostly ciudy occasional light rain Wednes day night and Thursday IOWA Mostly cloudy occasional light rain Wednesday night and probably Thursday slightly colder extreme southwest Wed nesday night MINNESOTA Fair northeast partly cloudy west and south possibly occasional light rain extreme vest mcl extreme south Wednesday night and y halc cha18e EASTER SUNDAY April 13 3 Shopping Days Left DES MGTNES of Iowa house consideration this ses sion of the socalled markup bill sponsored bv indcncndoiit mcr 1 r 1 J 11 lv iv ill ii com UIIIHS faded Wednesday when the whirl described the break i lower chamber refused to make j t ihe Skoplje reion lhn mcasuie i special order busincvs for no Wedncday af lertiuoii Sponsors uf the mus tered a majority vote 5f ayes to 43 nays but fell nine votes short of the twothird majority needed lo suspend Ihe rules for a special order The bill is well clown on the house calendar and Hie assembly is scheduled to adjourn at 5 p m Thursday IX MASOV CITY GlpbcCiizetie weather statistics Maximum Tuesday C5 Minimum Tuesday nifihi 43 At 8 a m Wednesday YEAH AGO Maximum 41 Minimum 21 Nazis Claim 2000 l D T I msonevs 1 aken in Battle West of Derna i B E R L 1 N German j j high command announced Wed nesdiiy German and Italian troops 1 had captured El Mechili about SO miles southwest of Derna Libva Six generals md 2000 prisoners were taken the high command said Iowa No Longer Marriage Mill State DES iMOINES MIowa Wed will not be permitted to issue a liunher r DES iMOLXES Wed nesday came to the end of the road as a marriage mill state The marriage healtii blood test law goes into effect at midnight Wednesday night The Mason City GlobeGazette and the Waterloo Courier the le gal publication papers specified in the law published the act in Wed nesdays edition Beginning Thursday then couple applying for a license ued in this state aU must file a i u unless the doctor certifies that no syphilis was found or that it was in a stage where it was not likely to become communicable The legislature passed the mar riage health bill last week and Governor Wilson added his signa ture Saturday Bach in 1035 before Illinois Wisconsin and South Dakota 1 adopted blood test laws court a i dork of lliis state issued about to i 1000 marriage liccncs Last year this tola climbed to phyMcians statement reporting the j 48900 with uch The s of tcls for yphhs cities as Dubuciue Clinton Dav cleik of the district court cnporl Muxatine Burlington and spectacular in creases In Dubuquc for example the gain was 1300 per cent rising from 560 in 1935 to 7737 1940 Illinois and Wisconsin adopted blood test requirements for both bride and bridegroom J937 South Dakota joined the proccsion in 1939 The proposition assumed big business proportions in some east ern Iowa counties At Dubuquc for example spoiler vied ori I bridges leading into Dubuquc for the privilege of directing marriage i minded couples lo favored clergy men or justices of the peace i Rapid Irmipand infantry cli viiniis commanded by Field shal Lisl advancing hum Bul garia have broken Uirough tlie Jugoslav frontier defenses and despite difficult mountain coun try have thrust forward more than 100 kilometers into the Uskub Skoplje basin and crossed the Vardnr valley Thereby the cutting off of the Jugoslav from the Greek and British forces was completed Asserting that the Greek JUc laxas line had been broken the high command said On tlie Greek frontier Alpine Chasseur ami infantry divisinns commanded by Field Marshal Iisl suppcrlod by iivc bombing Plants and antiaircraft artil lery have broken llirough afiir a billcr struggle the socallcil Metaxas line of modern fortiti ralions mill inlo the mountain side in tonic cars of work German foiccs had thru down from Lake Doiran into Greek tcr rilory the high command said H asserted that more than 10 000 prisoners including six gen erals had been captured in soufli crn Jugoslavia The official news agency said that the quantities of Rim i other war materials captured were so great thai Ihcy could not be estimated for the moment Before lie high command M sued ils communique well in formed German sources had said that he Germans had es tablished control of important highways and railroads In a swift drive into southeastern Jugoslavia and thai key posi tions covering the mariIi into Greece were now in German and Grcer positions covering passes iiifurmanls as serted The advance inlu Jugoslavia is being pushed despite bad roads and most difficult terrain they said Certain informants said they had no confirmation of Greek re port of a swift German lliriist across the Jugoslav Ironticr and down the Vardar river valley to ward Salonika They pointed out huwcver that Greece had re ported a rapid withdrawal of its troops because Jugoslav retreats had left the Greek left flank un covered Reports that German troops had captured Skoplje circulated per sistently but without official con firmation German informants said that it was the nazi policy for the mo ment to mention no places cap tured until the full strategic sig nificance ot German successes had been made clear Medium and heavy artillery much of it motorized and big supplies of munitions arc being abandoned by the Jugoslav tlie agency Ofticiiit auiiouncitii newsfiiper dipakhrs the fxtrenu difficulty ipeiiilUins bcriuisc of the tainous Jugoslav and Greek coun try and emphasized the rolei which the air force was playing j Newspapers in the first dirccl reference to operations said Wed nesday that within six hours of the Gorman Balkan invasion Sun day German planes and artillery blasted a hole in the heavily for tified Greek linesin Macedonia Simultaneously the Rome and Berlin radios declared that Ilic scheduled sailings ot British transports in Piraeus Port of Athens had been cancelled The radios said Greek military circles considered he order a precautionary measure for reenibarka lion of Uritish troops This presumably would mean a lialkan Dunkcrquc for the British V Hitlers high command in announcing the fall of Salon ika said nazi troops had broken through to Xanlhc on the Aegean coast about 30 miles northwest of Kavalla In Jugoslavia the German high command reported the capture of Nis key railway town midway between Belgrade and fallen Sko plje Oilier columns had knifed across Jugoslavia lei within 31 mill1 nl the Albanian frontier Thr Jugoslav high command noting tltal enormous losses had ticLn inflicted im the Ger mans auummccrl thai HelRratlc Hie 1 ii m li smashed Jugoslav capital which was declared an open cily before the navi in vasion hail been virtually de stroyed Its streets arc filled with lhc bodies of dead women children and old men j In Greece powerful British i forcewere still waiting to go j inlo action against the nazi I steamroller amid considerable mystery as to their inactivity j A Uritish military spokesman in Atncns ignoring German in vilations to come out and fight dctlartd Wtr have nci indication that om troops have yet ctablishcd con tact witli lhc enemy nor is there i any indication when that contact will be effected i Tiic British were said to be holding a second defence line southwesl or Salonika w As Ihr four day old baltlc of lhc Balkans rapidly assumed the aspccl of an allied debacle a nazi spokesman in Berlin de clared lhat Ihe slalc of Serbia m southern Jugoslavia was al ready tottering Kcporls of evewitnesses said that mountain tumkcrf o r t s were blasted out one by one by sluka dive bombing planes guns of all calibre and fighlcr planes which following up ihc first attack swept lhc fnrls machine gunning Irncips ITALYKSKSli S RECALL ATTACHE Move Is in Apparent Reprisal or American Request of Fascists WASHINGTON Italy Wednesday demanded the recall of the American assistant mili i tary attache in Home in apparl lent reprisal for the action of the oners including i te havc the Italian government had made More than 20000 Jugoslav pris the Germans arrived Berlin reported that nai n repore tat nai rorccs had more than ha t through ihc waist of Ju note Ihc which it complied Soslavu and a Jugoslav general request for headquarters communique issurd ral Alberto j in Athens admitted the abanrion vai attache I ment of the key rail city of Sko Pljc ci the head of the Vardar ;