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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 9, 1937, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES VOL XLHI AESOCI iTED PRES FIVE CENTS A AND UNITED PRESS FUli LEASED WIRES MASON CITY IOWA APRIIi THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE Widen Split Congress Not Inclined to Give Up Money Powers TO FRONT PEACEFUL By CHARLES P STEWAET A S HIN GTGN CPA Signs multiplv that r e s i d e n t Roosevelt and congress decid edly differ as to the best method of reorganizing g o v e rnmental machinery i n the interest of greater c o m pactness e n h a n c e d effi ciency and re duced expendi tures The presiden tial plan calls for more exec utive authority over Uncle Sams use of his money Congress apparently is disin clined to yield it The issue is mightily important Congress always has been sup posed to have control over the na tional purse strings The theory is that the president cant get far with any scheme o his executive own unless it is legislatively that is to say congressionally fi nanced Congress Attitude Congress traditionally has been hostile to any attempt to deprive it of the least modicum of this veto power hitherto exercised by it over presidential policies However it has been inconven ient for the legislators to keep an eye upon each item of executive spending Therefore something more than 15 vears ago it created the office of comptroller general of the United States to be filled by a functionary charged with the job of checking each iiem of execu tive output and with congression al authority to overrule it if he saw fit speaking in congress name regardless of the white houses opinion in the matter Post Unfilled In order to keep this official en tirely independent of political in ttedthattne Legislative Fist Fighters Shake Hands incumbentwas to be guaranteed a 15 year term irremovable ex cept for misconduct but ineligi ble to reappointment John Raymond McCarl got the post He proved to be an idecl deputy from standpoint ever lastingly overruling expenditures which executive folk considered all right but ofcourse his deci sions have been anathema to the governments executive branch But recently his 15 yea term expired ADMIT BOTH OF THEM WERE TO BLAME IN PART House Decides Not to Try to Block Payroll for Senate Aides STORY ON PAGE 2 DES MOINES im promptu meeting and handshake of the participants Friday quenched the sudden blaze that broke out between the Iowa house and senate over a fisticuffs bout in a joint claims committee meeting Representative Thomas Kephart DClay and senate assistant ser geantatarms Joe Chocholka met and shook hands before photog raphers in a statehouse corridor Friday morning after each admit ted he was alittle to blame for a fist fight si a hotel committee room Wednesday night Pointing to Ameri can Legion lapel are war said Thats the first scrap weve had since we crossed the big Wont Hold Up Pay I hope they dont hold up your the representative told Cho choika Kephart Friday introduced an amendment in the house which the lower body passed striking from a previous resolution that part which would restrain the speaker from signing the senate employes payroll Friday V Local Youth Uninjured When Airplane Crashes Machine Piloted by Cadet Fallows Comes Down n Plowed Ronald F Fallows son of Dr and Mrs H D Fallows of this city escaped injury late Thursday when his plane crashed in a plowed field near Schulenberg Tex Fallows 23 years old is a cadet in the air corps at Kelly field San Antonio Tex The accident hap pened during a flight of students of the pursuit section at Kelly field Fallows was the winner of five city golf championships in Mason City Last summer he entered the air corps failing to defend his golf title RONALD F FALLOWS Since then the president who payroll is supposed to refill the office has i fired not done so Richard N Elliott previously McCarls assistant has vented by Thursdays resolution from signing the payroll for some 70 senate clerks pages and door the re moved Chocholka from the list and discharged him The resolution condemned Cho cholka and asked the senate to fire him Foster Takes Floor Foster taking the floor for the first time this session said he did I not know Kephart would make I such a motion when he announced he would hold up approval of the been acting comptroller not on a 15 year basis but from day to day A Difference Seen Naturally this makes Elliott a purely political office holder de pendent upon executive tolerance It is not a satisfactory situation as a permanency Accordingly the executive com mission on governmental reorgani zation proposes the assimilation of the general accounting office into the treasury department its duty being to decide AFTER expen ditures have been made whether or not they were legitimate The congressional committee on reorganization however proposes the strengthening of a setup to prevent illegal expenditures from being made That is the nub Prevention of illegality Or discovery of illegality too fete to do anything about it Stewart Sees It There are two governmental rj organization setups 1 The presidents undet direc tion of Louis Brownlow which aims at executive consolidation and probably at increased effi ciency of a fascist sort 2 Congress under the auspices of Chairman Senator Harry F Byrds joint congressional commit tee seeking reorganization along democratic lines It is not a split betweenthe two parties It is a split across boin of them unless Chocholka was He said he was following the spirit of the resolution which the MINTIRE MAN IS HURT IN MISHAP Brought to Hospital Here After Crash East of Nora Springs Frank Hickeyof Mclnttre is in Mercy hospital at Mason City re viving treatment for injuries re ceived Thursday night2miles east of Nora Springs in na auto accident The accident orcurred when a wheel of the carhe was driving came of f Mr Hickey who was about 5C years of age suffered iniuries and bruises but his condition was not considered serious by Mr Hickey was brought hospital soon after the accident house adopted Thursday condemn ing Chocholka and requesting the senate to fire him I made no threat upon the sen Foster said He explained he thought the resolution was good Kephart was he said and we should protect Speaker Sisrns Payroll Foster said however that he didnt believe the house should hold up the payroll of all the others in the senate because of Chocholka Approximately 70 sen ate clerks pages and doorkeepers are on the payroll which must be approved by presiding officers of both house and senate Before noon adjournment in the house Speaker Foster advised the house of the peace making of the two belligerents and said Kephart had asked that the fracas be for gotten and that Chocholka be permitted to remain on his job The house applauded his words and the speaker shortly thereafter signed the payroll NUMBER OF IDLE GUT 3 MILLIONS Wallace Receives Report on Work Situation From One of Advisers WASHINGTON survey made for Secretary Wallace esti mated Friday that per sons were unemployed or were on relief jobs at the start of this year compared with idle in 1933 off economic advisers reported that potential gainful workers exclude ing those engaged in agriculture numbered the start of 1937 and that about one in four of these was unemployed or on re lief He said this compared with workers in 1933 when one YALE HEAD RAPS COURT PROPOSAL Calls F R Bill Flagrant Instance of Political Bad WASHINGTON ff James R Angell president of Yale de nounced the Roosevelt court bill Friday as s flagrant instance of political bad In a letter made public by sena torial opponents of the Roosevelt nce our confidence tie gooi faith of the chief magistrate and the impartiality of the supreme court is shaken the end of our form of government is in sight There is simply no emer Angell said such as re quires this ravaging of the court Asserting the president had not mentioned the proposal during his campaign Angell said Political Bad out of three persons was idle or on relief 38 Million Workers To spring it now and to try The economist estimated gainful j whip into linethe huge demo majority in congress is a flagrant instance of political bad faith which it would be difficult to match in our entire history Leading members of the senate REBELS PUSHED BACK ON WEST MADRID FRONT Capital Defendersin Drive as Insurgents Gain in Bilbao Sector 1 By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Long besieged Spanish govern ment troopsswept from their trenches on the western Madrid front Friday back along the Coruna highway getting immedi ate gains for the capitals defend ers paralleled insurgent successes in the drivetoward que headquarters The forces of Gen Emilio Mola were reported in the suburbs of Durango key to the last line defenses of Bilbao On Cordoba Front On the Cordoba front south of government troops be lieved they were close to bottling up confronting them with mass slaughter or disor ganized flight into the mountains The Madrid frontbattle raging for more than 14 hours was one of the fiercest of the five months siege With the insurgents retreating south of Madrid government sup porters looked to the new western offensive to relieve pressure ex erted on the capital or that front for five months and lead to evacu ation by the insurgents of their long held positions in the suburbs of Madrid Only 18 Miles Out headquarters said the most ad vanced units of General Molas army were only 10 miles south east of Bilbao Only a stubbornly defended mountain ridge kept them from marching on toward the Biscayan coast city An undetermined number of Bilbao residents were killed when seeking safetyin a tunnel from an air raid they were crushed by s train LOOK INSIDE FOR workers at before the depression in 1929 and the unem ployed at or about one in 19 He estimated the average annual for employed workers was judiciary committee apparently SI 180 last year compared with a j weaiy of trie Ion hearings on tne low of in 1933 and a peak of in 1929 Bean contended living costs for the employed group were lower in relation to average income last year thanin 1929 GOV MARTIN L DAVEY Ohio Senate Sit Downers Plan to Hold the Fort PAGE 2 Daniels Eases to Win in Legion Boxing Card PAGE 9 Winners Are Announced at Annual Hobby Show CongressAid Being Sought by A F of L WAS HTN G TO N The I American Federation of Labor asked tbe aid of congressFriday in its fight against John L after the house rejected a pro posal to investigate sit down strikes The federation wants the labor to poll workers by craft rather than by factory in elections to Show who should rep resent the employes in mass pro duction industries Representative Dies author cf the sit down inquiry res olution which the Chouse turned down by a voice vote Thursday joined with Senator Walsh in offering a bill to re quire the election procedure sought by the federation Board Can Decide If thebill should be enacted and the board should hold an elec tion in an automobile instance the machinists would vote whether they wanted to be represented by the machinists union or the United Automobile Workers Under the present Wagner labor relations act the labor board could decide whether tie balloting would be by craft or by plant Because Lewis is trying to or ganize all the workers in each mass production industry into one big union his forces are expected to oppose the WalshDies bill 3rd Congress Fight The federations metal trades department organized on craft lines asked the A F of L Thurs day night to urge the measures adoption The prospective fight would be I the third in congress in which the A F of split has figured Neaily three years ago the ma chinists union an opponent ofthe c t t uiisoccessfulrjj Survey of Schools for Safety Is Advocated PAGE 8 PICKETS REINFORCED AT ONTARIO PLANT Canadian Officials Ready to Protect General in Shipping Cars BY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Peace reigned over the Ameri can automotive strike Fri day for thefirst time in fiva union leaders cheered with four Michigan automobile producers foray into the Canadian motor industry brought determined opposition from the Ontario government Premier Mi t c Ji e 11 Hepburn charged the Committee for Indus trial Organization had brought the United States almost into the state of If necessary well raise an he said to prevent the C I O from dominating Ontario industries Labor Strife Spreads Reports that strife in the Gen eral Motors plant at Oshawa was spreading to other industries brought mobilization en forcement agencies In the Toron to area 300 constables from the Ontario provincial police aug mented a force of Royal Canadian Mounted police ordered on strike duty Sixty mounted officers were in from Ottawa Negotiations on the issue of un n recognition in the Oshawa G M motor plants collapsed leaving idle In announcing settlement of the Hudson Motor Car company strike Thursday night Gov Frank Mur said our seri first Guffey coalcontrol act that would have given the machinists an opportunity to try to organize machine shop workers at the soft coal mines Guffey Amendmsni Black Crow Not Dead as Reported LOS ANGELES Moran who with the late Charles Mack rose to fame as the Two Black is working here on a WPA writers project it was learned Friday after a man who represented himself as Moran was found dead in Ypsilanti Mich What is it fan mail or did they catch Cactus BUI No the boss just read about the way prices are going up this Spring used cars too so he knows its bet terto be safe than sorry that the old caris a year older and just a repair Use Want Ads Turn to Page 15 and check on the values offered today When the large mass of unem ployed relief and other workers was included he added The av erage per capital real income of all available workers does not compare favorably with prede pression Food Costs Increase Bean contended the increase in food costs since 1933 had directly benefitted industrial workers in cities more than it had increased their food bills Higher food prices he said had increased purchasing power in rural areas for industrial goods and this had caused an increase in both numbers and wages of em ployed urban workers Bean said the food cost for an average family was last year compared to in 1933 and in 1929 As a result he the average worker had remain in for other needs in 1929 in 1933 last year Negro Arrested as Vagrant Fits Brick Killers Description LOS BANGS reported Friday that a Negro held on vagrancy charges fits the des rriptioa of the brickbat slayer of Mrs Edna A Worden and her 12 year old daughter Marguerite at Los Angeles fright Officer Clarence Martin said the Negrowas six feet three inches tall He admits also that he was in Los Angeles last Saturday and Martin reported Mrs Wordenand her daughter were killed Sunday Pope toResume His j Automoh3e Rides I VATICAN CITY Pope Pias XI announced Friday his in I tention of resuming automobile rides in the Vatican gardens A special platform will be built en abling the pontiff to walk directly I into his automobile Roosevelt court bill began pre paring Friday for the next step secret debate on whether to rec ommend its enactment It will be at least another week however before the committee can get to work on the numerous pro posals for modification and constitutional amendments for de signed either to fortify or supplant the administration program Balance of Power Uncommitted senators hold the balance of power in the committee as in the senate itself Both sides were seeking formulas for con stitutional change to improve chances on a showdown althougn administration leaders have de clared no compromise will be con sidered The committee received more protests that the bill would endan ger democratic government im pair the prestige of the courts and constitute usurpation of power by the executive Witnesses called JTriday wsre Prof William M Cain of the Notre Dame college of law Frederic R The Weather FORECAST IOWA FairFriday night and Saturday not so cool Saturday MINNESOTA Fair Friday nipht Saturday not so cool in west and south portions Friday night rising temperature Saturday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Friday morning Maximum Thursday 51 Above Minimum in Nigrht 28 Above At 8 A M Friday 34 Above FRANCE AFTER TRADE Treasury Decides on Cheap Money and Franc Drops oiv Paris Bourse The French trea sury has decided on a cheap franc to attract tourists to France this summer financial circles disclosed Friday as the currency rate plunged downward toward the low of 6 francs to the dollar agreed upon inthe tripartite monetary agreement Arate of to the United States dollar is the equivalent of cents to the is Eye Lewfarrcdieuon Meanwhile the a u t o m o b i 1 e builders eyed John L Lewiss prediction that Henry Ford would dealwith A W In time and Fords declaration that union The federation this week sup recognition wouid never be granted The New York Daily News rn a special dispatch from Washington ported a proposed amendment to the new Guffeybill that would have condemned sit down strikes technic employed by Lewis United Automobile Workers in both the Chrysler and Motors strikes The senate turned down the amendment but a day later adopt ed a resolution assailing both sit down strikes and unfair labor practices by employers This resolution is now before said Ford might meet the chal lenge of the C byinaugur eneral j ating awage rate of a day and improving working conditions The News said that Ford would give his men more money than the union has asked for that he would meet with representatives of his employes to adjust differences but that he would not recognize the the house and Democratic Leader Rayburn said members probably wouldhave a chance to it Speaker Bankhead called in Ray burn and Chairman OConnor N of the powerful rules com mittee to discuss it Friday morn ing Conflict Intensified The conflict between Green and I Lewis intensified Friday with The biggest tourist season since organizes confronting each e golden twenties is expected Coudert speaking for the York City Bar association New and William Masterson dean of the University of Missouri law school Creates Uncertainties Cain contended in his prepared statement that the legislation would create uncertainties adverse to business stability No man seeking investment for his he said is likely to assume tbe hazard he would be compeled to assume if interpreta tions of the constitutional guar antees were to vary with varia tions of public Coudert agreed with Cain that if thecountry favors enlarged the proper road is by constitutional amendment To go about it indirectly he said would undermineindependence of the courts Lepers Hunted Down and Slain in China YBDNGKONG Pro vince China and mili tary authorities directeda reign of terror Friday against lepers hidingsince Easter massacre of 75 of their fel lows by provincial soldiery Soldiers and civil officers con tinued hunting down and execut ing them whileit was ruinored that blind persons were similarly doomed Chooses Jail Cell to Avoid His Wife and Finds Her There TREVISO Bastianetto 31 charged with drunkenness pleaded with cara biniers to take him to jail instead of getting him fined might avoid facing an angry wife The carabiniers complied They took him to the city jail and locked him in a large cell The cell contained the wife Maria 25 her self charged with intoxication ENDlRfSfRIKE AT ALBERT LEA Truck Drivers Idle for 4 Weeks Last to Come to Agreement ALBERT LEA last of the three strikes that has paralyzed portions of this citys business for several weeks was ended when truck drivers on strike four weeks settled their dispute in a conference late Thursday Terms of the agreement were not announced but both sides called it The truck drivers about eight of whom were were to return Friday morning Warehouses and freight depots are piled high with merch the golden financial sources predicted With this expectation the com mission charged with guarding the i francs rate has decidedto offer thecheapest franc in four years it was said This three man body badced by unrestricted authority to regulate the new monetary laws may not choose to let the franc hit the low but experts pre dicted it might remain near that In early trading therate sagged from cents to equivalent respectively to and to the dollar The pound sterling about noon was quoted at francs andise the accumulated during strike J Other strikes recently settled include that of the American Gas Machine company employes and the walkout of some 25 girl clerks iat the Woolworth store Weatherman Assures Iowa That Spring Is Really on Way Now DES MOINES weath erman assured Iowa Friday that spring is really on the way Fair slues temper atures were forecast for Friday night and Saturday with a mini mum lower than 25 degrees for the entire state The sun shone over most of other in the oil fields and else where Green is president of the A F of while Lewis union nor even consider a closed Settlement of the Hudson strike sent workers idle since March 8 back to their jobs The Chrysler pact was signed Tues day and the Reo Motor Car agreement on Wednesday The 44 General Motor strike ended March 12 At various times ap proximately automotive workers were sffected Strike Short Lived A short lived sit down strike in the AC spark plug plant at Flint a subsidiary of General Motors a ui t Committee for Industrial nded Thursday night A confer zation whose affiliates have been suspended from the federation for Lews was expected by asso ciates soon to start issuing certif icates of to unions as sociated withthe C I O Labor men considered this ac tion the equivalent toa declara tion of independence from the A F of L Favors Senate Resolution The house labor committee re ceived a senate approved resolu tion condemning sit down company union and industrial spies Speaker Bankhead who sent the bill to the committee said I hope it will be favorably re ported I shall support it person OSAGE WOMAN KILLS HERSELF Takes 3 Kinds of Poison Iowa Friday clouds appealing Pensioned Year Ago T 4 Lf Kin rtfOrViYMHOTinn only at Keokuk No precipitation was reported in the last 24 Decorah registered the highest j temperature in Iowa Thursday j with 54 Decorah and Iowa Falls had a minimum in the night of 26 degress Lindberghs Arrive at London Airport LONDON Charles refarning from tour of flic Medi terranean and landed at Gatwick airdrome Friday after noon after a five hour flight from f m for Life OSAGE Coroner John Eiel reported tbat Anna Erbe 70 committed suicide here Friday morning by drinking three kinds of poison She had worked here 32 years as a hotel A year ago the manager jpecsioned her and toldier shetad ahomeat the coroner said shehad ill health and was depressed f enee was scheduled Friday At East Peoria I1L em ployes retunjed to work in the Caterpillar Tractor company plant which closed Sit down strikers and pickets withdrew Thursday night shortly after signing an agreement giving workers cqllectivi bargaining The Committee for Industrial Organization started up district headquarters in the na tions oil centers Union officials seeking collective bargaining con cessions minirnum wage scale said conferences with oil comoanies would be arranged Poll by Crafts The American Federation of Labor asked the labor relations board at Washington to poll work ers by craft rather than by factory in elections to determine who should represent mass production workers A proposal to investi gatesit down strikes was turned down by a vote In tbe house 1 I At Hershey negotiations in an industrial dispute resumed Fri day Observers looked to nearby Palmyra where a mass meeting was called by the Committee for Industrial for the unionsanswer to the ejection of sit down strikers from the plant of thefershey Chocolate corpora tion William F R Murrie president of the corporation said the plant was operatingtodaywith a force 90 to 95 per cent of normal and that iarmersagain had the usual market milfcR was loss of this market which ;